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[l/m 1/22/2010] Volunteer Work : Distilled Wisdom (10/28) XYZ

( Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Part7 - Part8 - Part9 - Part10 - Part11 - Part12 - Part13 - Part14 - Part15 - Part16 - Part17 - Part18 - Part19 - Part20 - Part21 - Part22 - Part23 - Part24 - Part25 - Part26 - Part27 - Part28 )
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TABLE OF CONTENTS of this chain:

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
10/ Volunteer work				<* THIS PANEL *>
11/ Snake bite
12/ Netiquette
13/ Questions on conditions and travel
14/ Dedication to Aldo Leopold
15/ Leopold's lot.
16/ Morbid backcountry/memorial
17/ Information about bears
18/ Poison ivy, frequently ask, under question
19/ Lyme disease, frequently ask, under question
20/ "Telling questions" backcountry Turing test (under construction)
21/ AMS
22/ Babies and Kids
23/ A bit of song (like camp songs)
24/ What is natural?
25/ A romantic notion of high-tech employment
26/ Other news groups of related interest, networking
27/ Films/cinema references
28/ References (written)
2/ Ethics
3/ Learning I
4/ learning II (lists, "Ten Essentials," Chouinard comments)
5/ Summary of past topics
6/ Non-wisdom: fire-arms topic circular discussion
7/ Phone / address lists
8/ Fletcher's Law of Inverse Appreciation / Rachel Carson / Foreman and Hayduke
9/ Water Filter wisdom

Panel 10
Volunteer Work

This panel is primarily intended for backpackers or campers interested
in volunteering to work on backcountry projects such as new trail
construction, trail relocation, erosion control, brush trimming or
perhaps just want to do something different on the next trip. By
contributing your weekend or vacation time to a backcountry volunteer
project you can make a solid contribution to backcountry preservation,
restoration, and recreation. Backcountry volunteer projects cover a
variety of topics including biological research expeditions in Central
America, archaeology digs as well as trail maintenance

The new volunteer backcountry trail work home page is
Most URL's have been deleted from the panel because they are subject to
frequent change and the latest are available at the web site.

	Trail work introduction
	Volunteer coordinating agencies
	End note

				Trail work
There are a lot of opportunities ranging from physically demanding trips
into remote areas to a day hike with a paintbrush: creating new trails,
relocating bad trails, repairing erosion damage to overused trails, or
just trimming brush in spring.

Work with established land use officials and organizations.  Keep in
mind that the people who oversee the trails need help but they also have
to answer to higher ups, which includes the public, for what you do to
the trail.  If you haven't done trail maintenance work join a 2 or 3 day
work crew and get introduced.  Some clubs have specific introductory
courses in trail maintenance.  Most people do not have the slightest
idea of what they are in for when the flyer says be prepared for hard
work under adverse conditions.

Notes on etiquette:
1) If you sign up for a trip, show up or notify the agency that you will
not be there.
2) If you have a medical condition, don't lie about it.
3) Keep in mind that the group is diverse and open to anyone who is
interested in trail maintenance; this includes horse riders and ATV

these unless you are experienced in working at high elevations.  The
backcountry is not the place to get into shape; you must be physically
fit before you get there.

Not all land management agencies will use volunteers.  The cost savings
of volunteer labor may be far outweighed by the cost of supporting them
in the field, especially in remote settings.  Consider that most crew
laborers get little more that minimum wage.  Then take into account the
cost of a pack train to haul supplies, per diem benefit costs, the fact
that most volunteers are available for only 1 or 2 weeks and the amount
of time it takes a raw crew to become productive.  It then makes
economic sense in a tight budget to hire a crew that already knows what
to do and will be available for an entire season.  In spite of this,
many agencies will use volunteer backcountry crews in tight times for PR
purposes with legislative and administrative superiors who set the

If you intend to do volunteer work on a regular basis or work on
scientific backcountry projects take note that the best volunteer jobs
go to those with the best all around skills. You should gain experience
with basic and complex tools and even basic outdoor skills so that
researchers and nominal bosses don't have to watch out for volunteers. 
The experienced volunteer needs to be capable of independent life with
minimal coaching from outsiders (can camp, cook, travel (walking to
skiing), route finding, etc.).

Get your skills down then work on specialties. Having your skill set
down improves the talent book and encourages volunteer coordinators to
utilize more volunteers.  An urban or suburban life makes getting some
of these skills harder than in the past.  Once you have basic
transportation and camping down, these include skills like using power
tools (e.g. chain saw), explosives (really), non urban vehicles (from
ATVs to helicopters to snow cats and bulldozers), fire arms (both lethal
and non-lethal), instruments (surveying), and simpler tools like levers
and Pulaskis, and other research technology.

	1) extended trips in the United States and Canada
	2) one or two day trips with or without overnight camping in
		the United States and Canada
	3) United States government agencies
	4) expeditions
	5) adopt-a-hut/trail
	6) backcountry work outside the United States and Canada
	7) trips for teens
	8) text resources.

The following listing is of groups organizing backcountry volunteer
trail crews.  Keep in mind that not all organizations screen applicants
to match skills and experience to the work.  If you have any doubts
about the job, do not hesitate to ask for more details.  If the advice
on trip preparation seems vague or disorganized it may indicate the
organizer is not familiar with trail work.  Dante had imagination, but
he never went on a work trip that went sour due to mismatched
participants.  If he had, there would have been an additional circle in

Be aware that nationwide area codes are being added rapidly.  The
numbers listed are subject to change as area codes change.

There are 2 national organizations with local chapters too numerous to
enumerate and often have local trail maintenance projects:
The Sierra Club and The Audubon Society.

Extended trips: United States and Canada

American Hiking Society
	Volunteer Vacations
	1422 Fenwick Lane
	Silver Spring MD 20910
Tel: 301-565-6704    FAX: 301-565-6714

Locations:  US including Alaska and Hawaii.  Remote areas, some at
Trip duration:  5 to 10 day work hikes.  Cost: $80 administrative costs
plus transportation to and from work place. May be tax deductible -
check with tax professional.

Wilderness Volunteers
PO Box 22292
Flagstaff, AZ 86002-2292
(928) 556-0038 phone
(928) 556-9664 fax
Trips are one week long and are limited to 12 or fewer participants.

The Appalachian Long Distance Hikers Association (ALDHA)
	31 Albury Stone Circle
	Nashua, N.H. 03063

HCR 58 Box 10
Long Creek, Oregon 97856
(541) 421-3119 (Telephone)
(541) 421-3128 (Fax)
American Long Distance Hikers Association-West sponsors trail
maintenance projects on the long trails.


Appalachian Trail Conference
	PO Box 807
	Harpers Ferry, W.Va. 25425

Oversight of the Appalachian trail.  Organizes trail work crews
late spring through early fall.  Commitment is from 1 week to
several months.
Konnarock (Southern) Crew, based in southwest Virginia
The Great Smokies Crew.
The Mid-Atlantic Crew, based in south-central Pennsylvania

The Maine FORCE (Footpath Recovery Crew works on the northernmost 200
miles of the Trail. Most of the projects are located in the "100-mile
and involve heavy reconstruction, especially rock work.  Minimum
two-week commitment.  Projects are supervised by the Maine Appalachian
Trail Club.

The Long Trail Patrol, based at Mt. Tabor, near Danby, VT, works in the
Green Mountain National Forest.

The Pacific Crest Trail Association
	5325 Elkhorn Blvd, Suite 256
	Sacramento, CA 95842
There are 5 maintenance districts, this number can be used to report
trouble spots on the trail as well as contact the association for
information on volunteer maintenance crews in your area.

Appalachian Mountain Club (AMC)
	Volunteer Trails
	PO Box 298
	Gorham, NH 03581
To Volunteer:
	New Hampshire (603) 466-2721
	Berkshires (413) 443-0011
	Boston (617) 523-0636.

Offers a variety of wide variety from 2 day weekenders to multi-day
intensive trips to remote areas.  Many weekend opportunities so you can
get experience without undue trauma.  Also offers single day
introductory courses in tail maintenance techniques, hand tools, and
chainsaw use certification accepted by USFS.

Locations:  NE mountains: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire.  Catskill
mountains in NY state.  Some trips to the western US.
Cost: Varies $40 to $200.

Heritage Trails Fund
	1350 Castle Rock Road
	Walnut Creek, CA 94598
	Telephone: 510-926-1081
	Fax: 510-943-7431

Potomac Appalachian Trail Club
	118 Park Street, SE
	Vienna, VA  22180-4609.

Two seasonal (July to September) work crews as joint operations between
government partners and the PATC.  Currently: Massarock Crew, George
Washington National Forest Shenandoah Crew - Shenandoah National Park
Trails Management Coordinator 703-242-0693, #12.



Alaska State Parks Volunteer Coordinator
	3601 C Street, Suite 1200
	Anchorage, AK 99503-5921
	Tel: 907-762-2612
	FAX 907-762-2535
Write for current catalog published each December for the next year.
Duration:  Many positions require 8 weeks or more at a minimum;
archaeology assistant is 2 weeks.  Except for archaeology, applications
must be received by 1 April.  Some intern positions can be used for
college credit. Positions as assistant to a ranger or data collection
for administrative purposes generally require 2 years of undergraduate
work in natural resources/environmental studies.  Trail crew volunteers
should have familiarity with chain saws and hand tools.  Some trail crew
positions require familiarity with shotgun use and fire arm safety.

Adirondack Mountain Club (ADK)
	PO Box 867
	Lake Placid, NY 12946

Locations:  Adirondack and Catskill mountains NY state.  Some trips out
of state.  Usually former crew members or those with demonstrated skills
are preferred for more intensive work sites. Trip duration:  Wide
variety from 2 day weekenders to 10 day intensive trips to remote areas.
 Mostly 3-5 days. Cost: Varies $15 to $50 administrative costs, may be
higher for extended trips to the west. Comments:  An excellent starting
place to learn trail maintenance. This is where you find out if you can
really tolerate wrestling with 900 lb basalt rocks in knee deep mud, 50
F temps, rain, and hoards of black flies.


The Colorado Mountain Club
	710 10th Street, #200
	Golden, Colorado 80401
	(303) 279-3080

Volunteers for Outdoor Colorado
	1410 Grant Street, B-105
	Denver, CO 80203
	FAX: 303-832-6056
Contact: Dos Chappell, Executive Director

Colorado Trail Foundation
	548 Pine Song Trail
	Golden, CO 80401
Contact Person: Gudy Gaskill
	The Colorado Trail Foundation sponsors construction crews for one week
trail maintenance during June, July and August on the Colorado Trail.
Minimum  age without supervision is 16.

The Tahoe Rim Trail
	P.O. Box 4647
	Stateline, Nevada 89449
	(702) 588-0686
	(702) 588-8737 Fax
Volunteer Hotline, (702) 588-8799 for the trailbuilder's schedule

The Long Trail
	The Green Mountain Club
	RR 1, Box 650 Route 100
	Waterbury Center, VT 05677
Volunteer season is from May to October.  The coordinators will schedule
work to match your available time on individual projects from 1 day to
several weeks.  Fixed length, scheduled group trips are organized by the
Appalachian Trail Conference as the Long Trail Patrol.
United States and Canada: one or two day trips


The Alabama Trails Association
	P.O. Box 371162
	Birmingham, AL 35237-1162
	Pinhoti Trail Construction
		Carroll Wilson (205) 221-6196.
	Sipsey Wilderness Trails Maintenance
		John Gissell -- (205)-734-9637
	Oak Mountain State Park Trails Maintenance
		John Cameron -- (334)-567-3107 or (334)-263-6612

Huachuca Hiking Club
	PO Box 3555
	Sierra Vista, AZ  85636-3555
	voice: (520) 458-7680
	fax:  (520) 459-2412.
The club has adopted four segments of the Arizona Trail for
construction and maintenance from the Arizona/Mexican border,
through the Huachuca Mountains, and the Canelo Hills, then on
to Red Rock Canyon and Patagonia - a total of about 55 miles.

Arizona Trail Association
PO Box 36736
Phoenix, AZ 85067-6736
(602) 252-4794.

     Work projects involve trail maintenance, placement of Arizona Trail
signs, and new trail construction. Saturday projects occasionally a
partial work day on Sunday. Volunteer program manager: Larry Snead,
(602) 253-2789

Angeles Volunteer Association ,3233 Grand Ave, Suite N-316 Chino Hills,

     AVA assists the U.S. Forest Service in the care and maintenance of
Angeles National Forest. Wilderness Patrol Rangers, Trail Maintenance,
Campground Maintenance, Visitors Center Staffing, Nature Trail Guide,

Foresthill Trails Alliance, Inc.
P. O. Box 468
Foresthill, CA 95631

HEASB Hiking Club, a.k.a. the HACPackers
	GM Hughes Electronics
	P.O. Box 92426
	Los Angeles, CA 90009-2426
	Attn: Kirk Mueller RE / R31 / G520
Hughes Aircraft Company Employees.
Trail Maintenance Projects: San Gabriel Mountains Trail Builders

The Santa Cruz Mountains Trail Association
	P.O. Box 183
	Los Altos, CA 94023
Founded in 1969, builds and maintains trails in the Santa Cruz
Maintains the trails at Big Basin Redwoods State Park, Castle Rock State
and the State Parks Skyline-to-the-Sea Trail. The Big Basin Group under
Kirsch (408)243-4245 meets on the first Saturday of each month at park
headquarters. The Skyline-to-the-Sea group led by Al Lisin (408)252-8106
meets on the second. The third Saturday is used by Tony Beere's group.
Call Tony at (408)257-1893.

San Gorgonio Volunteer Association
	34701 Mill Creek Road
	Mentone, CA 92359
	(909) 794-1123.
Comments or questions to Michael Gordon
The volunteer program operates May through September, primarily on weekends

	3921 E. Bayshore Road
	Palo Alto, CA 34303
	(415) 968-7065
	Trail Information and Trail Volunteers for Santa Clara, San Mateo,
Santa Cruz, and San Francisco Counties

American Mountain Foundation
	1520 Alamo Ave
	Colorado Springs, CO 80907
Colorado Fourteeners projects involve trail construction and maintenance
14,000-ft peaks in CO

Connecticut Section of the Green Mountain Club (CT GMC)
	Allen F. Freeman
	CT GMC Secretary
	17 Vale Ave.
	Meriden, CT 06451-2827

	P.O. Box 2238
	Honolulu, HI 96804
The Florida Trail Association
	P.O. Box 13708
	Gainesville, FL 32607
	(352) 378-8823
The Georgia Appalachian Trail Club, Inc.
	P.O. Box 654
	Atlanta, GA 30301
	404- 634-6495 (Voice Mail)
Friends of Acadia
	Post Office Box 725
	Bar Harbor, Maine 04609
For information on volunteer outings, call the Friends of Acadia office
(800)914-4415 or (207)288-3340, or Acadia National Park Headquarters at
(207)288-5456. e-mail to:

Maine A.T. Club
	P.O. Box 283
	Augusta, ME 04330
	Kekekabic Trail Club
	1627 West County Rd. B
	Suite B
	Roseville, Minnesota 55113
	Tom Stephens

The Kekekabic Trail Club, an all volunteer organization, recruits,
trains, and organizes trail maintenance trips to maintain the Kekekabic and
other trails in the BWCA wilderness of the Superior National Forest.
New Mexico

New Mexico Volunteers for the Outdoors
	P.O. Box 36246
	Albuquerque, New Mexico 87176

New Mexico Rails-to-Trails
Cloudcroft, NM 88317
Tom Springer, 505-682-3040

New York/New Jersey
	New York - New Jersey Trail Conference
	232 Madison Avenue #401
	New York, NY 10016
	(212) 685-9699
1,200+ miles of hiking trails to maintain and protect. Routine trail
maintenance consists of brush clipping, marking and re-marking the trail
(paint or plastic markers, depending on the area), removing blowdowns
(downed trees across the trail) with hand tools, building rock stepping
stones over wet areas, cleaning waterbars, etc.
New York
The Friends of The Genesee Valley Greenway, Inc.
A collection of multi-use public trails that will travel from Rochester,
to Pennsylvania, is being created on the tow path of the long abandoned
(since 1878) Genesee Valley Canal. To help clear and maintain the trail
contact: Joe Regal at 716-658-3174. for the Mount Morris sections. Joan
Schumaker at 716-476-2354 for the Nunda/Portage sections. Russ Reeves at
716-227-3207 or for Monroe County and Caledonia
George Briggs at 716-382-3038 or for the
York/Leceister sections.
North Carolina

Nantahala Hiking Club
31 Carl Slagle Road
Franklin, NC 28734

Maintain the Appalachian Trail in Western North Carolina from the
state line at Bly Gap approximately 60 miles northward to the Nantahala


Buckeye Trail Association
	P.O. Box 254
	Worthington, OH 43085
Founded in 1959 the Buckeye Trail Association is a non-profit group of
volunteers, dedicated to the construction and maintenance of a hiking
approximately 1200 miles long that generally follows the state
Keystone Trails Association
	P.O. Box 251
	Cogan Station, PA 17728
9-10 trailcare weekends are scheduled between the months of March and
November. Trailcare weekends begin on Friday evening and extend to
Sunday afternoon.
Tennessee Eastman Hiking and Canoeing Club
	Building 89
	Eastman Road
	Kingsport, TN 37662
TEHCC manages and maintains 126 miles of the Appalachian Trail, between
Spivey Gap, North Carolina and Damascus, Virginia.

Catamount Trail Association
	PO Box 1235
	Burlington, VT 05402

Old Dominion A.T. Club
	P.O. Box 25283
	Richmond, VA 23260
	Email Contact: John
The Appalachian Trail from Rockfish Gap (I-64) to Reeds Gap in western
Virginia plus the Willis River trail in Virginia.

Piedmont Appalachian Trail Hikers
	MT. GILEAD, NC 27306
Maintains a section of the Appalachian Trail in southwest Virginia.

Washington Trails Association
WTA trail maintenance hot line at 517-7032, leave your name, address,
number, and the date and location of the work party you wish to join.

Pacific Northwest Trail Association
	P. O. Box 1048
	Seattle, WA 98111-1048
About 1100 miles, the PNT extends from Brown Pass at the Continental
in Glacier National Park, Montana to Cape Alava at Olympic National


East Coast Trail Association
	St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada

US Land management agencies
	These agencies rely extensively upon volunteers to provide services,
such as trail clearing and blazing, to backcountry users.  Not all
locations are open to using volunteer assistance on trails.
US Forest Service
	Fire trail, ski trail, and hiking trail maintenance.  Contact regional
headquarters or specific forest HQ.  Usually there will be an individual
responsible for coordinating volunteer efforts.  In some cases the
coordinator may mix volunteers with paid professional crews. 
$7 to $15 per diem may be available under some circumstances.

Passport in Time
	Assist the Forest Service in archaeological digs, historical
restorations and similar projects.  Approx. 120 projects for summer 1996.
Volunteers usually camp at project site, meals are sometimes provided.
Expect to sweat. 1-800-821-9176

US Park Service
	Also contact the park you are interested in.  Volunteer park guides,
backcountry trash collection, trail work, archaeology site protection.

		********* forwarded email unattributed *********
The program is "Volunteers in National Parks" or "VIP" for short.
Volunteers can do most anything; some volunteer to work the front
information desk or lead hikes or give evening campground programs
what you regard as a "volunteer ranger") while others do research, or
maintenance, or whatever.  Some are college students, looking for good
experience, some are retirees who donate some very valued skills.  Some
areas can offer free or reduced-rate housing, though they usually
require a
minimum time guarantee (24 hours a week, for example), while others can
provide you with a uniform shirt and possibly some mileage reimbursement
your personal vehicle.  Contact the "VIP" Coordinator at whatever park
you're interested in, and they'll fill you in on their particular needs.
US Bureau of Land Management
	Contact: Mary Tisdale
	Room 1275, LS
	Bureau of Land Management
	1849 C Street, NW
	Washington, DC 20240
	202/452-5078 Fax: 202/452-5199
US Fish and Wildlife Service
Note that employment and volunteer are synonyms in this directory.  Also
contact regional headquarters.  Generally these projects will involve
animal habitat inventory, census, bird banding, etc.  Not much trail
work but expect to spend most of your time outdoors.  For a printed
listing of all refugees with address and name of the manager call

				Adopt a trail/hut

A viable option if you are within a short driving/hiking time of a

Adirondack Mountain Club (ADK) (above)
	Need to attend workshop on basic maintenance skills including blowdown
removal, side cutting, drainage cleaning, and NY state trail

Appalachian Mountain Club (AMC) (above)

The Green Mountain Club (Vermont) (above)

Friends of Bagby Hot Springs (located in Mt. Hood NF, near Portland)
P. O. Box 1798
Clackamas, OR 97015-1798


Be prepared to shell out big bucks in addition to travel costs.  Most of
these trips are financed at least partially by the participants. 
However, they do basic research that otherwise would be difficult to

Smithsonian Research Expeditions
Washington, DC

University Research Expeditions Program
UC Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720

Patagonia Research Expeditions
"two weeks in the field living among and studying free-living guanacos
and pumas in their native environment" mid-Nov to early-Dec each year. 
Torres del Paine National Park in southern Chile
William L Franklin, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa (USA)

British Trust for Conservation Volunteers
	36 St Mary's Street
	Wallingford, Oxfordshire
	OX10 0EU
	Tel 01491839766

Epping Forest Conservation Volunteers
	47 Lechmere Avenue
	IG7 5HA
"Work on bogs and ponds is carried out to improve and maintain these
special habitats. This involves removal of silt, rubbish, encroaching
vegetation and cutting back of overshadowing trees."

The National Trust
	"Working Holidays"
	33 Sheep Street
	Cirencester, Glocestershire
	GL7 1QW
	Tel 0285651818

Note that the British volunteer trips generally do not involve camping
and the hostel is usually within walking distance of a pub.  Hours
typically 9-5 and well supervised.
Trips for Teens

Adirondack Mountain Club (ADK) (Above)
High school projects offer a combination of trail work and learning,
with one day set aside for an educational hike.

Philmont Scout Ranch
Cimarron, NM 87714

Student Conservation Association

Landmark Volunteers
non-profit summer service organization for high school students 14.5
years  of age, entering 10th, 11th or 12th grade. The program offers an
opportunity to spend two weeks working at one of several important
historical, cultural, environmental or social service institutions.


Teens-n-Trails is a program of Northwest Youth Corps, a nonprofit job
training, employment, and youth development organization established in 
    1983. The T-n-T serves teens between the ages of 14 and 15 from all
ethnic and economic backgrounds. Participants spend four weeks camping
out, backpacking, and working on trail maintenance projects in an
outdoor setting.

Text Resources

Trail Maintenance

Trail Building and Maintenance
Proudman and Rajala.  $12.95
Appalachian Mountain Club 288 pp
ISBN 0-910146-30-6
Trail maintenance problems and procedures for the Appalachian Trail. 
Most trail systems follow many of their guidelines with variations for
local conditions.  Does not cover trails for horse packing.


Volunteer Vacations
(4th ed.  Periodically revised)
McMillon.  $11.95
Chicago Review Press
814 N. Franklin Street
Chicago, IL 60610
ISBN 1-55652-179-0

Organizing Outdoor Volunteers
Moore, LaFarge, and Tracy.  $4.95
Appalachian Mountain Club 288 pp
ISBN 1-878239-16-3

End Note
Date: Fri, 26 Nov 1993 20:55:38 -0500 (EST)
From: "Jerry M. Wright" <>
Subject: Backcountry jobs

A couple of comments on backcountry jobs from someone who used to be in
wildlife management.  I moved on to neurobiology and biophysics. The pay
is better, more jobs are available and the work is much easier.

Are you independently wealthy?  For many professional jobs you are in
competition with people who are and are well qualified to boot.  There
is something noble about dedicating one's life to reestablishing an
endangered species, restoring habitat, establishing a park, etc. that
attracts this group.

Do you have a skill that you can use to support yourself in between
jobs?  Will your family support you during periods of unemployment? 
Will your family support you after you get the job?  The entry pay scale
is low.  I know of several rangers collecting food stamps.

Realize that many permanent jobs in the backcountry require lots of
experience.  That means lots of years working seasonal jobs such as
waterfowl banding to get the experience.  One resource ranger I know in
Hawaii worked nine years as a seasonal employee before a permanent
position opened.  He was a commercial fisherman in the off seasons. The
same holds for most wildlife/resource management positions.  A good
park/forest manager will sometimes manage to open a job at just the
right times for someone they know is skilled and works well with the
other people already employed.  However, this requires the manager knows
you exist and can perform which takes us back to several years of
seasonal employment.

Also, realize that your purpose is not to live in the backcountry and
dust the scenery but to deal with humans who impact the resource.  Not
all people are cooperative about this either.  Poachers by definition
are usually carrying guns and object to being stopped.  You can be
mauled by a mining company with a mad dog lawyer - court room battles
can be just as deadly as a duel except the dying takes longer. 
Certification by the National Wildlife Federation as a wildlife
professional requires college level courses in law enforcement and
public speaking in addition to fundamental course work in

I strongly recommend that folks interested in backcountry work do some
volunteer trail building/maintenance work first to check out what is
really involved physically.  You get to talk first hand with the rangers
and managers who just might remember your name on a seasonal application
or even be willing to give you a reference.  This can also give you some
real insight on the job market.  The American Hiking Society has quite a
few 10 day trips you can sign up for.  Cost is $40 plus transportation
to the site.  They require good physical condition and extensive
backpacking experience.  If you can't meet these qualifications, why are
you look for a job in the backcountry?  The Adirondack Mountain Club
also has trail maintenance trips from 1 day to 5 days and sometimes 10
days.  Again nominal cost.  I guarantee that 5 days in the Adirondacks
wrestling with basalt rocks in cold rain, knee deep mud, and black flies
will temper noble ideas.


Sometimes it is necessary to grab the bull by the tail and
face the situation.
"Hey you with the red shirt, go see what's making that noise."

Draft of additional comments

The best volunteer jobs go to those with the best all around skills.
Experience with basic and complex tools and even basic outdoor skills
so that researchers and nominal bosses don't have to take time and watch
out for volunteers.  Volunteering really isn't for novices.
Get your skills down, then work on specialities.

Having you skill set down improves the talent book and encourages
volunteer coordinators to utilize more volunteers.

An urban or suburban life makes getting some of these skills harder than
in the past.  Once you have basic transportation and camping down, these
include skills like using power tools (e.g. chain saw), explosives (really),
non urban vehicles (from ATVs to helichopters to sno cats and bulldozers),
fire arms (both lethal and non-lethal), instruments (surveying), and
simpler tools like levers and Pulaskis, and other research technology.

But the prospective volunteer needs to be capable of independent life
with minimal coaching from outsiders (can camp, cook, travel (walking to
skiing), route finding, etc.).  Volunteering means working on top of
already basic skills: having the time and daylight to do this (or night
if nocturnal work).

Sheryl Kane "Volunteer Vacations Across America" Immersion Travel USA $20.

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Bad weather scuppers Russian President's flypast as he stages Victory Day show of marine corps power

Putin the actual glitz: gorgeous Russian soldiers take centre stage (moreover selfies) At massive wining Day parade of 13,000 troops, Tanks and rockets as Moscow strongman warns the lessons of WW2 'are relevant once again'Vladimir Putin forced to cancel military flypast over Red Square at the last minute over fears of bad weatherThreat of thunder and cloud over Moscow saw the huge Victory Day display of military powergroundedDespite cancellation Russian president pledged to 'guarantee the high drives of our armed forces'By Chris Dyer For Mailonline and Will Stewart In Russia and Afp and Reuters

issued: 10:14 BST, 9 May 2019 recently: 18:10 BST, 9 probably 2019

Russian lead designer Vladimir Putin took a defiant tone at Moscow's annual military Victory Day parade in Red Square, Declaring that the country continues to strengthen its armed forces.

The Kremlin strongman observed on as 13,000 troops and more than 130 pieces of weaponry were paraded through the capital in a show of Russian military power.

discussing his country's battle with Nazi Germany, Putin then warned 'the lessons of the past war are relevant once again' as he made his case for 'guaranteeing the high faculties of our armed forces'.

Russia's ties with the West soured correct its annexation of Crimea from Ukraine in 2014, And Moscow has continued to challenge the nation through its staunch support for Syrian President Bashar al Assad and Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro.

Among the hundreds of pieces of military hardware paraded in front of veterans and dignitaries was Russia's Yars mobile global nuclear missile launcher and its advanced S 400 air defence missile system, Which Moscow has deployed in Syria guard its forces and Putin's new 120,000 4.4 lite V 8 ragtop limousine.

have been also regiments of glamorous female soldiers on display who were pictured smiling as they filed past Mr Putin.

It also included military equipment, Ranging from a T 34 tank renowned for its toughness in World War II to lumbering Yars ICBM launch units, Ground to air rocket missile parts and Russian Armata tanks.

Russian female military servicemen march during the Victory Day parade on Red square in Moscow on Thursday afternoon

Smiling Russian naval cadets were pictured marching in perfect step as they filed past Putin the actual Victory Day parade

Russian Armata tanks roll down Red Square the particular Victory Day military parade to celebrate 74 years since the victory in WWII in Red Square in Moscow

Russian Ground Forces commander in Chief, Colonel common Oleg Salyukov salutes the troops from Putin's new 120,000 collapsible limousine during the Victory Day military parade today

Russian President Vladimir Putin delivers a speech face to face with St. Basil's Cathedral during the Victory Day parade i which he pledged to'guarantee the high performance of our armed forces'

Russian Yars RS 24 intercontinental ballistic missile systems roll through Red Square during the Victory Day military parade in downtown Moscow today

Vladimir Putin kisses his class teacher at school Vera Gurevich during a certified reception marking 74 years since the victory in WWII, doing Kremlwearing

Russian military law enforcement stand in formation [url=]single ukraine ladies[/url] during a Victory Day Parade in the city of Grozny, Chechen Republic

Former Soviet chief Mikhail Gorbachev (core) Is in the middle of his assistants as he arrives to attend the Victory Day military parade in Red Square today

Crowds of people carry portraits of their relatives who fought in World War II as they have fun playing the Immortal Regiment march on Tverskaya Street in Moscow

Russian Pacific Fleet leader, Admiral Sergei Avakyants compares the troops in a vintage car during the Vi (...)
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