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RFC 1402 - There's Gold in them thar Networks! or Searching for

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Network Working Group                                          J. Martin
Request for Comments: 1402                         Ohio State University
FYI: 10                                                     January 1993
Obsoletes: 1290

                  There's Gold in them thar Networks!
             Searching for Treasure in all the Wrong Places

Status of this Memo

   This RFC provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard.  Distribution of this memo is


   A wealth of information exists on the network.  In fact, there is so
   much information that you could spend your entire life browsing. This
   paper will present some of the "gold nuggets" of information and file
   repositories on the network that could be useful.

   The ultimate goal is to make the route to these sources of
   information invisible to you.  At present, this is not easy to do.  I
   will explain some of the techniques that can be used to make these
   nuggets easier to pick up so that we all can be richer.

Table of Contents

   1.0  Introduction................................................   2
   2.0  Lists and Indexes of Network Resources/Bibliographies/
        Information Available over the Network......................   7
   3.0  Libraries Available over the Network........................  14
   4.0  Anonymous FTP Sites.........................................  14
   5.0  Network Information Centers - NICs..........................  17
   6.0  Network Statistics..........................................  19
   7.0  Campuswide Information Systems - CWISes.....................  20
   8.0  Internet Bulletin Board System/Interactive
        Databases/Freenet...........................................  28
   9.0  WHOIS - E-mail white pages..................................  32
   10.0 Books.......................................................  35
   11.0 Free Periodicals/Tabloids/Magazines.........................  36
   12.0 Glossary....................................................  37
   Security Considerations..........................................  39
   Author's Address.................................................  39

1.0  Introduction

   This paper is a list of the essential things, in my view, that a
   people who are responsible for providing network information should
   have in their hands as reference material.  One of the basic problems
   with information is making it easily available to those who need the
   data.  Libraries have been performing a cataloging function for many
   centuries.  Information flow is now being provided so fast that it is
   difficult to keep up with it, even partially. Computer networks have
   only added to the problem by opening up access to even more

   Attempting to make this wealth of information available to those who
   would find it useful poses some problems.

   First, we need to know of its existence.  To that end, this paper
   provides an index to the vast realm of network information. Most of
   the documents listed here are POINTERS to the final information.

   Second, even if you know of a document's existence, you may not know
   if it is important or relevant.  Few of us are knowledgeable in more
   than a limited area.  We need to rely on others to make us aware of
   the importance of databases in a specific discipline. Librarians can
   be of great assistance here.  They are familiar with the research
   databases that individuals search in law, mathematics, and many other

   Finally, once existence and importance are known, the information
   needs to be indexed so that researchers can find it.  This is the
   most difficult task to accomplish.  Information available on the
   network is rarely static.  It is always moving, growing, changing,
   and dying.  Computers should be able to assist us in managing this
   ever-changing environment.  Right now, we have to catalog the
   information as it passes through the network.  In my  case, I
   generally save it in a file somewhere and spend far too much time
   trying to retrieve it again when I need it.

1.5  Access to the Internet

   A frequently asked question concerns how the average mortal gets
   access to the Internet.  The most common way is via electronic mail.
   Using e-mail, it is possible to communicate with anyone on the
   Internet and on any other networks as well, and there are many
   "gateways" to the Internet from other networks and systems.  For
   instance using CompuServe, a large commercial electronic information
   and communication service, you can send e-mail to and from
   individuals on the Internet.

   A direct connection to the Internet provides some additional
   capabilities that e-mail cannot.  One of these is the ability to
   establish a connection to a remote computer connected to the Internet
   from your own personal computer or from one connected to the
   Internet. The program that establishes this connection is called
   Telnet.  Many universities and large research companies have Internet
   connections.  They pay rather large fees to have these high speed
   (more than one million bits per second) connections.  If you are
   associated with a large university or company you already may have
   access or can gain access to the Internet using one of their

   A direct connection to the Internet also allows you to transfer a
   file from a remote computer.  This program is referred to as FTP
   (file transfer protocol).  Section 4.0 covers the many places that
   have files and programs available using FTP.

   The following information was taken from a Frequently Asked Question
   posting by Aydin Edguer to the alt.bbs newsgroup.

   If you do not have access to a service connected to Internet, you can
   get access for a fee.  The following companies provide Internet
   access to individuals or companies at various rates depending on the
   time of access, speed of access desired, and several other factors.

   The first method to gain access to the Internet is by getting an
   account on a public access bulletin board system that is connected to
   the Internet.  There are a growing number of such systems available.
   For information on some of these systems, send electronic mail to:


   Any of these systems is open to the public for a monthly access fee.

   A second method to gain access to the Internet is by getting an
   account with a network service provider who offers a dial-in service.
   See the "How do I get connected to the Internet?" section for more

   How do I get connected to the Internet?

   Traditionally, connections to the Internet were dedicated
   connections.  This is still the most common type of connection.
   Monthly costs for the connection range anywhere from $250 per month
   [plus line charges] for a dialup 9600-bps connection to $4,000 [plus
   line charges] for a T1 [1.44-Mbps] connection.  There is also an
   initial one-time startup fee of anywhere from $100 to $8,000 [plus
   equipment charges].

   Some service providers also are offering part-time dialup
   connections.  Customers share a set of phone lines and dialup when
   needed.  This is usually less expensive than dedicated dialup
   connections for customers who need a connection less than 80 hours
   per month.  Monthly costs range from $40-100 per month [plus line
   charges] plus an hourly charge of $2-4.

   Some service providers have begun to offer a new dial-in service.
   The name for dial-in service varies from vendor to vendor.  The
   dial-in service is usually provided as a way for Internet-connected
   users to connect back to their home sites from remote locations.  But
   most service providers do not limit their service to this audience,
   it is open to people not already on the Internet.  The dial-in
   service provides either a terminal server connection [with password]
   or an account on the service provider's equipment [with password]
   which permits you to use Telnet to connect to other sites on the
   Internet.  This service differs from the normal dialup IP services
   because it does not require the user to run any IP software like PPP
   (Point-to-Point protocol) or SLIP (serial line IP).  The cost for
   this service usually range from $35 to $250 per month [plus line
   charges].  There is also an initial $35 to $500 connection fee [plus
   equipment charges].

   The following is a list of known Internet service providers, along
   with the services they offer, an e-mail address to contact for more
   information, a phone number to contact for more information, or an
   FTP archive for more information.

   Full time connections
    speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
   Leased Line      y     y    y    y    n
   Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
    note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
   Part time connections: no
   Dial-in Service: none
   Region: national (USA)
   Contact: alternet-info@uunet.uu.net
   Phone: (800)4UUNET3
   FTP: ftp.uu.net:/uunet-info/

   Full time connections
    speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
   Leased Line      y     y    y    y    n
   Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
    note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
   Part time connections: yes
   Dial-in Service: Global Dialup Service (GDS)
   Region: national (USA)
   Contact: info@psi.com
   Phone: (800)82PSI82
   FTP: ftp.psi.com:/press.releases/

   Full time connections
    speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
   Leased Line      n     y    y    y    n
   Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
    note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
   Part time connections: yes
   Dial-in Service: DIAL'n'CERF (nationwide USA)
   Region: California
   Contact: help@cerf.net
   Phone: (800)876-CERF
   FTP: nic.cerf.net:/cerfnet/

   Full time connections
    speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
   Leased Line      n     n    y    y    y
   Dialup Line      n     n    -    -    -
    note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
   Part time connections: no
   Region: national (USA)
   Contact: info@ans.net
   Phone: (914)789-5300 or (313)663-2482
   FTP: nis.ans.net:/pub/info/

   Full time connections
    speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
   Leased Line      y     y    n    n    n
   Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
    note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
   Part time connections: yes
   Dial-in Service: yes [*note* it is a local call from any 313 #]
   Region: Michigan
   Contact: info@msen.com
   Phone: (313)741-1120
   FTP: ftp.msen.com:/pub/vendor/msen/

   Full time connections
    speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
   Leased Line      y     y    y    y    y
   Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
    note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
   Part time connections: yes
   Dial-in Service: none
   Region: Ohio
   Contact: nic@oar.net
   Phone: (614)292-0700

   Please note, although this is a Frequently asked Question, this
   newsgroup, alt.bbs.internet, is NOT for the discussion of how to get
   connected to the Internet.  This is the correct newsgroup to discuss
   your bulletin board system and what it offers once you are connected
   to the Internet.

   The above excerpt is from a frequently asked questions Usenet posting
   to alt.bbs.internet and crossposted to news.answers.  The
   news.answers newsgroup is a very good group to subscribe to read the
   frequently asked questions sent to many newsgroups.  See 12.6 Usenet
   entry in the Glossary for more information on newsgroups.

   Further investigation in the above groups yields a great deal of
   information about techniques and rates to access the Internet.  Of
   course one common question is about getting free access.  As
   mentioned before if you are associated with a university, a large
   company, or research group you may very well have access via one of
   their computers.  If you are a student or faculty member and are away
   from your local campus, you may be able to get a guest account from
   the local university.

   Some campuswide information systems may give limited access to the
   network in a read-only mode.  Also some communities (such as
   Cleveland) operate a FREENET which enables you to read newsgroups and
   if you register send mail at no charge.  See section 8.0 for more

   For example, you can Telnet to Holonet below to get an idea of how it
   works.  This is not an endorsement of this system but it does give
   you a good idea how this type of access to an Internet BBS works.

1.7 Holonet (Commercial access to Internet)


      Telnet holonet.net
      Login with userid of guest

2.0  Lists and Indexes of Network Resources/Bibliographies/
     Information Available over the Network

   2.01  Internet Resource Guide (document)

      This is an excellent guide to major resources available on the
      network. The table of tontents includes chapters on Computational
      Resources, Library Catalogs, Archives, White Pages, Networks,
      Network Information Centers, and Miscellaneous.

      Anonymous ftp to NNSC.NSF.NET
      cd resource-guide
      get resource-guide.ps.tar.Z (PostScript) or
      get resource-guide.txt.tar.Z (ASCII text)

      Telnet to pac.carl.org (Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries)
      Select terminal type.
      Choose Item 3 (Information Databases).
      Choose Item 65 (Internet Resource Guide).
      You can then browse or do a keyword search.

      To quit type //EXIT

   2.02  Anonymous FTP Sites (document)

      This document offers a list of all the sites on the Internet that
      support anonymous FTP.

      Anonymous ftp to pilot.njin.net
      cd pub/ftp-list
      get ftp.list

      Telnet to archie.ans.net
      Login as user archie
      Type help to get a list of commands
      Type prog topic - where topic is the keyword for the search of a
      program topic.

      See section 4.05 for more information about using Archie.

   2.03  INDEX - Index of all RFCs - (document)

      RFC-1118 - The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Internet
      RFC-1175 - A Bibliography of Internetworking Information
      RFC-1173 - Responsibilities of Host and Network Managers
      RFC-1325 - Answers to Commonly Asked "New Internet User"
      RFC-1207 - Answers to Commonly Asked "Experienced Internet User"
      RFC-1208 - Networking Glossary of Terms
      RFC-1359 - Connecting to the Internet
      RFC-1392 - Internet Users' Glossary
      RFC-1402 - Gold in the Network (this file)

      Anonymous FTP to nis.nsf.net
      cd documents/rfc
      get INDEX.rfc
      get rfc1118.txt
      get rfc1175.txt
      get rfc1173.txt
      get rfc1206.txt
      get rfc1207.txt
      get rfc1208.txt
      get rfc1359.txt
      get rfc1392.txt
      get rfc1402.txt

   2.04  Interest Groups  List-of-Lists (document)
      This is a document that list existing mailing lists and groups. To
      get on the list to receive updates, send e-mail to Interest-

      Anonymous ftp to ftp.nisc.sri.com
      cd netinfo
      get interest-groups

   2.05  Regional network policies (documents)

      Many regional networks have developed policies on responsible use
      of their network.  You can retrieve copies of these policies on
      line by anonymous FTP.

      Anonymous ftp to ftp.nsic.sri.com
      cd netinfo
      get ???.policy

      where ??? is the name of the regional network.  The dir command
      will give you a directory of the filenames.

   2.06  Campus ethics/policy statements (documents)

      Many universities have developed more complete policies based on
      the regional network policies.  If you want to look at some to use
      as guidelines for your own campus, you can get them through
      anonymous FTP.

      Anonymous ftp to ariel.unm.edu
      cd ethics
      get ???.policy

      where ??? is the name of the university or college.  The dir
      command will give you a directory of the filenames.

   2.07  VAX Book (document)

      Joe St. Sauver of the University of Oregon has developed a
      complete guide of information on the network available via
      anonymous FTP.  The following is a quote from the README file:
      "While it is tailored to the University of Oregon's VAX8000
      system, the skills it illustrates are general enough to be of

      interest to users at most other VAX sites, and even users at many
      non-VAX sites connected to the national networks."   A major
      section on Network Topics is excellent.  It is a large document,
      more than 300 pages.

      Anonymous ftp to decoy.uoregon.edu
      cd pub/vaxbook
      get vms.ps  (PostScript format)
      get vms.mem (lineprinter format)

   2.08  Network Tidbits  COMPUNET BIBLIO (document)

      This is a "Network Bibliography" by Elliott Parker from the
      Journalism Department of Central Michigan University.  It contains
      a bibliography of network related documents that he finds helpful.


      Send e-mail to comserve@rpiecs (BITNET)
      The message should contain the following one-line request:


      You will receive the file "COMPUNET BIBLIO" via return mail as
      well as a "Welcome to Comserve" message and a "Getting Started
      with Comserve message."  If you are unfamiliar with how the
      program Listserv works on BITNET, these documents are a good

   2.09  Internet Tour Macintosh HyperCard 2.0 Stack (program)

      This is a Macintosh HyperCard 2.0 stack that does a nice job of
      describing some of the functions of the Internet.  It has a
      section that you can modify for your own institution's needs.

      Anonymous ftp to nnsc.nsf.net
      cd internet-tour
      get Internet-Tour-README
      get Internet-Tour.sit.hqx

      Note this is a stuffed and binhexed file.  You must have the
      program Stuffit to convert it to an executable file on the

   2.10  A Survey of Educational Computer Networks (document)

      This is a fact-finding project to examine the current status of
      computer networks in K-12 education, including ways in which
      networking linkages are impacting educational tasks.  This is a
      good summary for educators.
      Anonymous ftp to ariel.unm.edu
      cd library
      get networks survey

   2.11  Internet Resource Directory

      A group of teachers compiled a Internet Resource Directory that
      would be of specific interest to teachers.  It is available in
      four parts:

      Listservers, Telnet sites, FTP sites, and general infusion-ideas.

      Anonymous ftp to ftp.virginia.edu
      cd public_access
      get IRD-listservs.txt
      get IRD-Telnet-sites.txt
      get IRD-FTP-sites.txt
      get IRD-infusion-ideas.txt

   2.12  Network Managers' Reading List (document)

      This document is an annotated list of books and other resources
      for network managers who are using TCP/IP, UNIX, and Ethernet

      Anonymous ftp to ftp.utexas.edu
      cd pub/netinfo/docs
      get net-read.txt

   2.13 Network Resources List (document)

      This document lists of many resources available on the network,
      including weather, online databases, book reviews, a ham radio
      callbook, and many more.  Author Scott Yanoff
      (yanoff@csd4.csd.uwm.edu) routinely posts lists to newsgroups
      alt.bbs.internet, news.lists, alt.bbs.ads, and biz.comp.services.


      Anonymous ftp to csd4.csd.uwm.edu
      cd pub
      get inet.services.txt

   2.14 Zen and the Art of the Internet (document; version 1)

      This document is the first version of what has become a book (see
      section 10 for information on version 2) in book format.  The
      first version has some very good information on the Internet and
      is designed for the beginning user.


      Anonymous ftp to ashley.cs.widener.edu
      cd pub/zen
      get README
      get zen-1.0.PS

   2.15 Hytelnet (Program)

      Hytelnet is a must-have program available for UNIX, Macintoshes,
      and PCs. It is designed to help you reach all of the Internet-
      accessible libraries, freenets, CWISes, library BBSs, and other
      information sites by Telnet. Peter Scott is the developer of this
      program, and he also maintains a list if you want to receive the
      latest updates on network information.

      Contact: scott@sklib.usask.ca


      Anonymous ftp to access.usask.ca

      cd pub/hytelnet
      get README

      Change directory to the computer you want to run hytelnet from:

      cd pub/hytelnet/pc
      cd pub/hytelnet/amiga
      cd pub/hytelnet/mac
      cd pub/hytelnet/pc
      cd pub/hytelnet/unix
      cd pub/hytelnet/vms

   2.16 World Wide Webb

      The WWW project merges the techniques of information retrieval and
      hypertext to make an easy but powerful global information system.

      The project is based on the philosophy that academic information
      should be freely available to anyone. Its aim is to permit
      information sharing within internationally dispersed teams and
      dissemination of information by support groups.  Originally aimed
      at the High Energy Physics community, it has spread to other areas
      and attracted much interest in user support, resource discovery,
      and collaborative work areas.

      Reader View

      The WWW world consists of documents and links.  Indexes are
      special documents which, rather than being read, can be searched.
      The result of such a search is another ("virtual") document
      containing links to the documents found.  A simple protocol
      ("HTTP") is used to allow a browser program to request a keyword
      search by a remote information server.

      The web contains documents in many formats. Those hypertext
      documents (real or virtual) contain links to other documents or
      places within documents.  All documents, whether real, virtual or
      indexes, look similar to the reader and are contained within the
      same addressing scheme.

      To follow a link, you either click with a mouse or type in a
      number. To search an index, give keywords or other search
      criteria. These are the only operations necessary to access the
      entire world of data.

      You can try the simple line mode browser by Telnetting to
      info.cern.ch (no user or password) From UK JANET, use the gateway.
      You also can find out more about WWW in this way.  This is the
      least sophisticated browser; remember that the window-oriented
      ones are much smarter.

      It is much more efficient to install a browser on your own
      machine. The line mode browser is currently available in source
      form by anonymous FTP from node: info.cern.ch [currently] as:


      (v.vv is the version number - take the latest.)

      Also available is a hypertext editor for the NeXT
      (WWWNeXTStepEditor_v.vv.tar.Z), the ViolaWWW browser for X11, and
      a skeleton server daemon (WWWDaemon_v.vv.tar.Z).

      Documentation is readable using www. A plain text version of the
      installation instructions is included in the tar file.  Printable
      (PostScript) documentation and articles are in /pub/www/doc


      Telnet to info.cern.ch
      No login required.

      Telnet to eies2.njit.edu
      Login as www

3.0  Libraries Available over the Network

   Hundreds of libraries are accessible over the network, far too many
   to list here.  Several documents listInternet-accessible libraries
   including two major ones:  Internet-Accessible Library Catalogs and
   Databases, coauthored by Dr. Art St. George of the University of New
   Mexico (stgeorge@bootes.unm.edu [Internet] or stgeorge@unmb [BITNET])
   and Dr. Ron Larsen of the University of Maryland; and UNT's Accessing
   On-Line Bibliographic Databases by Billy Barron,
   (billy@vaxb.acs.unt.edu [Internet]).

   3.1  Internet-Accessible Library Catalogs and Databases (document)

   Anonymous ftp to ariel.unm.edu
   cd library
   get library.ps (PostScript format)
   get internet.library (ASCII text version)

   3.2  UNT's Accessing On-Line Bibliographic Databases (document)

      Anonymous ftp to ftp.unt.edu
      cd pub/library
      get libraries.ps (PostScript format)
      get libraries.txt (ASCII text version)
      get libraries.wp5 (WordPerfect 5.1 source)

4.0  The Mother Lode of Anonymous FTP Sites

   Throughout this document, sites are listed for specific documents.
   Most are only indexes to more information.  A big problem is

   searching through all this information to find what you want.  One of
   the best search methods is Archie, described below.

   Several sites contain large repositories of files and other sites
   that are the source for specific programs such as Kermit, the public
   domain file transfer program.

   4.05 archie

      One of the best ways of searching for a program available via
      anonymous FTP is with archie (Archive Server Listing Service),
      several of these servers scattered throughout the world.  The
      fastest one I have found is the Advanced Network & Services, Inc.
      located in the United States.

      Archie goes to every site that offers anonymous FTP files,
      collects the file structure from that site, and places it in a
      database it can search.

      A real-life example.  I was reading an article about Windows in
      the July 1992 issue of PC World, and it mentioned a shareware
      program called ZiPaper on page 212.  The name of the program is
      zipapr.zip.  I can use Archie to locate this program.


      telnet archie.ans.net

      login as archie

      At the archie prompt type

      prog zipapr.zip

      The response is

      Host wuarchive.wustl.edu  (
      Last updated 17:22 13 July 1992

         Location:  /mirrors3/archive.umich.edu/msdos/mswindows/desktop
          FILE      rw-rw-r--   41984  Jan 30 1991  zipapr.zip

      This tells you the file is available via anonymous FTP to
      wuarchive.wustl.edu in the directory
      mirrors3/archive.umich.edu/msdos/mswindows/desktop and the file is

   4.1  Washington University (anonymous FTP)

      Washington University represents perhaps one of the most popular
      sites for software on the network.  The Mirrors directory contains
      a copy of all of the wsmr-simtel20.army.mil files. Wsmr-simtel20-
      army.mil is the originator and keeper of major amounts of public
      domain software.  Their site, however, is often overloaded and
      difficult to connect to.

      You will find enough software in the Mirrors directory to keep you
      busy for the rest of your life.  The MS-DOS and Macintosh
      subdirectories contain files for those specific machines.

      Anonymous FTP to wuarchive.wustl.edu
      cd mirrors

      cd msdos

      For income tax time cd taxes
      For unzipping files cd zip, type binary, and get pkz110eu.exe
      For education software cd education
      For graphics files cd giff, tiff or graphics

      cd macintosh

      For the Macintosh there are directories for applications, inits,
      sounds, reviews, and many more.

   4.2  KERMIT (anonymous FTP)

      Kermit is a public domain file transfer protocol available for
      just about all microcomputers, minicomputers, andmainframes.  It
      is very popular and has been has been used at computer facilities

      Anonymous FTP to watsun.cc.columbia.edu

      cd kermit
      get read.me

      For executable versions of kermit:

      cd bin

      get READ.ME file and read for specifics of what file to get.

      For the IBM PC, I get msvibm.exe after typing binary to activate
      the binary transfer mode.

   4.3  NCSA Software for Network Access from PCs
       (anonymous FTP)

      Anonymous ftp to ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu
      cd NCSA_Telnet
      cd PC/Telnet  (for IBM PC Software)
      get telxxbin.zip where xx is the current version number
      (in binary format; I also suggest getting readme files)

      cd Mac/Telnet
      get telnet.x.sithqx where x is the current version number
      (in binary format; I also suggest getting readme files)

   4.4 Other Popular Ftp Sites (anonymous FTP)

      Name of Site                What's there

      ftp.apple.com               Macintosh system software/technical
      ftp.cayman.com              Gatorbox archive site
      dragonfly.wri.com           Mathematica archive site
      mac.archive.umich.edu       Macintosh software
      sumex-aim.stanford.edu      Macintosh software
      rascal.ics.utexas.edu       Macintosh software
      ftp.acns.nwu.edu            Disinfectant archive site
                                  (virus software)
      microlib.cc.utexas.edu      GateKeeper archive site
                           (virus software)
      bert.cs.byu.edu             NCSA Telnet archive site (BYU version)
      ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu           NCSA Telnet archive site
      beach.gal.utexas.edu        F-Prot/Scan & Clean archive site
                           (virus software)
      cert.sei.cmu.edu            Virus Documentation
      msdos.archive.umich.edu     MS-DOS software
      ux1.cso.uiuc.edu            MS-DOS software    (PC-SIG CD)
      oak.oakland.edu             MS-DOS software
      wuarchive.wustl.edu         MS-DOS software
      cica.cica.indiana.edu       MS-DOS software    (Windows software)
      archive.cis.ohio-state.edu  UNIX software

5.0  Network Information Centers - NICs

   Contact NICs if you want information on what networking is all about
   and how you can connect.  They can put you in contact with the
   individuals in your area who can help you get a network connection.
   They can also provide assistance if you don't know who else to ask
   about network topics.

   5.1 Goverment Systems, Inc. (GSI) (Internet NIC)

      Government Systems, Inc. (GSI)
      Attn: Network Information Center
      14200 Park Meadow Drive
      Suite 200
      Chantilly, VA 22021
      (800) 365-3642 or (703) 802-4535
      FAX: (703) 802-8373


      The main NIC on the Internet.  The source for network numbers,
      domain names, and much more.

   5.2  NSF Network Service Center (NNSC) (NIC)

      NSF Network Service Center
      Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc.
      10 Moulton St.
      Cambridge, MA 02138
      (617) 873-3400


      Publishes a newsletter called NSF Network News; to subscribe,
      contact them at the address above.

   5.3  NSFNET Information Services (NIS)

      NSFNET Information Services
      Merit Network, Inc.
      ITI Building
      2901 Hubbard, Pod G
      Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2016
      (313) 936-3000 or (800) 66MERIT


      Publishes a newsletter called Linkletter; to subscribe send e-mail
      to NSFNET-Linkletter-request@merit.edu.

   5.4  SRI International Network Information Systems Center (NISC)

      SRI International
      Network Information Systems Center
      333 Ravenswood Avenue, Room EJ291
      Menlo Park, CA 94015

      (415) 859-6387 or (415) 859-3695
      Fax: (415) 859-6028


   5.5  BITNET (NIC)

      BITNET Network Information Center
      Corporation for Research and Educational Networking (CREN)
      1112 16th Street, N.W.
      Suite 600
      Washington, DC 20036
      (202) 872-4200


      Lisa Covi, BITNET Support

      5.6 NASA Science Internet Network Information Center (NIC-NSI)

      NASA NSI
      Goddard Space Flight Center
      Code 930.4
      Greenbelt, MD 20771
      Hotline: (303) 286-7251
      FAX: (301) 286-5152


      NSI is an international dual-protocol network (TCP/IP and DECnet),
      which supports scientists and engineers worldwide.  The NSI-NIC
      supports a help desk, online services, anonymous FTP, and
      interoperability gateways, along with other services.

      Bill Yurick, NSI-NIC Staff

6.0  Network Statistics

   If you would like to publish statistics in your newsletter about your
   institution's network traffic into and out of the NSFNET backbone,
   you can obtain information on either the packets or bytes sent.  I
   prefer bytes which can be translated into an understandable figure.

   6.1  Files containing monthly information on NSF Internet
        backbone traffic by packets or bytes (document)

      Anonymous FTP to nis.nsf.net

      cd statistics/nsfnet

      get INDEX.statistics

      cd 19?? where ?? is the year you are interested in.

      Files are availble for traffic by ports, country, delay, bytes and
      packets for T1 and T3 networks.

7.0  Campuswide Information Systems - CWISes

   The information in this section is intended primarily for those  who
   are providing access methods from their own computing environments.
   Although standards have been proposed, there are no "packages" that
   give you access to all of the information presented here.  What The
   Ohio State University and several other universities have done is
   provide a menu to the user that accesses these services and databases
   behind the scenes.  In fact, I  had to refer to the shell scripts to
   look up the network addresses of these machines, because I rely on
   the menu for access as well.

   As the name implies, information systems provide access to
   information the user knowing exactly how to get to it.  In this way,
   the network is invisible to end users.  All they need to know is what
   they want, not the command structure needed to actually get the

   At present, the menu system seems to be the easiest way in In the
   background is a knowbot, a program that knows how to go out and
   locate services on the network using a keyword search.

   You can connect to the following sites for a demonstration of their

   Many CWIS systems are converting to Gopher (see section 8.96).
   Hytelnet (see section 2.15) also has complete listings of CWIS

   7.1  Appalachian State University

      conrad.appstate.edu (
      Login as info
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:  Ernest Jones (jonesel@appstate.bitnet)

   7.2  Arizona State University PEGASUS and ASEDD

      Login as helloasu
      Use tn3270.

      Hardware/software:  Running PNN News Network Software under
      VM/CMS (with Profs and FOCUS)
      Contact:  Joy Kramer (iejxk@asuvm.inre.asu.edu)

      Contains two databases:  Personal Guide to ASU Stuff (PEGASUS)
      and Arizona State Economic Development Database (ASEDD).

   7.3  Clemson University

      Login as public
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:  Amy Slankard (amy@clust1.clemson.edu)

      System contains information on weather for South Carolina, North
      Carolina, and Georgia; economics; plants; animals; engineering;
      food; home; health; family; and youth.

   7.4  Columbia University

      cal.cc.columbia.edu Login as calendar

      Contact:  David Millman (dsm@cunixf.cc.columbia.edu)

   7.5  Cornell CUINFO

      cuinfo.cornell.edu Connect to port 300.  Use Telnet or tn3270.
      Different versions of Telnet or tn3270 have different syntax for
      defining the port.  The following are the most common:

      TELNET cuinfo.cornell.edu 300 TELNET cuinfo.cornell.edu::300
      TELNET cuinfo.cornell.edu..300

      Hardware/software:  VM/CMS; IBM S/370 assembler; locally written
      Contact:  Steve Worona (slw@cornella.bitnet)

      CUINFO of interest to nonCornell community members:

      Uncle Ezra     The electronic counselor - first program of its
                  kind; a must read

      Directories    Student and staff directories - includes staff
                  electronic addresses Ski Reports    Up-to-the-minute
      upstate New York ski reports
                  (Seasonal) Jobs Listings and descriptions of jobs at
      Cornell Computing Extensive online information regarding computing
                  Cornell Patents   Descriptions of current patents held
      by Cornell Various Newsletters Newsletters from numerous campus
      groups Weather   Up-to-the-minute local weather forecast

   7.6  Lafayette Integrated, Networked Campus - LINC

      lafibm.lafayette.edu ( Use Telnet or tn3270.  When you
      see the LINC logo, ignore the ALT-L advice and clear the logo by
      pressing Enter.  On next screen, instead of logging on, type DIAL
      MUSIC (case does not matter).  On login screen that appears, use
      GUEST as ID, and GUEST as password.

      Hardware/software:  IBM 9375 running MUSIC/SP Contact:  Patrick
      Ciriello  (ciri@lafayacs.bitnet)

   7.7  Lehigh

      ibm1.cc.lehigh.edu Use tn3270.  At the VM prompt, type DIAL MUSIC,
      and at the /ID prompt, type LUNA.

      Hardware/software:  IBM 4381 running MUSIC.  Planning to move to
      AIX on RS/6000s.  Contact:  Timothy J. Foley

   7.8  Mississippi State University (MSUinfo)

      isis.msstate.edu ( Login as msuinfo Terminal type:
      enter yours; most are supported.

      Hardware/software:  UNIX/TechInfo Contact:  Bennet George

      Contains announcements, campus events, community events,
      continuing education offerings, jobs, recent press releases,
      research funding opportunities, and more.

   7.9  MIT TechInfo

      Accessible either via Telnet, or via a native Macintosh
      application that uses the MacTCP drivers to access the TechInfo
      server; requires a MacPlus with one Meg memory or better, System
      6.0.3 or better, and licensed MacTCP drivers.

      Source code is freely available to other schools seeking to get
      started quickly - contact folks listed below.

      For Telnet access:

      telnet techinfo.mit.edu (
      No username/password is required.
      Once you're in, you can use upper- or lower-case commands.
      To exit the system, use the QUIT command.

      For native Macintosh access:

      anonymous FTP to net-dist.mit.edu, look in the /pub/techinfo
      directory, fetch techinfo.hqx; Binhex (a public domain tool)
      is required to decode the binary.

      Contact:  Tim McGovern (tjm@mit.edu), (617) 253-0505
      Bugs:  bug-techinfo@mit.edu
      Comments:  comment-techinfo@mit.edu
      Administration:  admin-techinfo@mit.edu

   7.10  New Mexico State University NMSU/INFO

      Login as info
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:   D. Brian Ormand (bormand@nmsuvm1.bitnet) or

   7.11  North Carolina State University Happenings!

      ccvax1.cc.ncsu.edu (
      Login as info
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:  Harry Nicholos (hmn@ncsuvax.bitnet)

   7.12  NYU ACF INFO system

      info.nyu.edu (information.nyu.edu) (
      Emulating a VT100 or better enables some additional suboptions.

      Contact:  Stephen Tihor (tihor@ACFcluster.nyu.edu) or

   7.13  Pima Community College

      Login as pimainfo
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:  Terry Loftus (tloftus@pimacc.pima.edu) or Al Camberos

   7.14  Princeton News Network PNN

      Use Telnet or tn3270.  When you see the VM 370 logo, clear it,
      and instead of logging on, enter pnn (case does not matter).
      Clear the information screen that appears.

      Hardware/software:  VM/CMS; locally written.  A UNIX version and
      a Mac HyperCard version are up, running, and available. All
      versions (CMS, UNIX, and HyperCard) are available to universities
      at no cost.

      Contact:  Rita Saltz (rita@pucc.bitnet)
      System and Development:  Howard Strauss (howard@pucc.bitnet)

   7.15  Rutgers University

      info.rutgers.edu 98
      No password required.
      Can be accessed from any microcomputer or terminal.

      Hardware/software:  written in lush (a public domain program);
      runs on any SUN workstation.
      Contact:  Leny Struminger (struming@zodiac.rutgers.edu)

      INFO contains universitywide activities, graduate course catalogs,
      faculty/taff phone directory, computer services, library online
      catalog, weather, news, bus schedules, and more.

   7.16  San Diego State University

      Login as sdsuinfo
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  pnn & nmm
      Contact:  Richard Caasi (caasi@sdsu.edu)

   7.17  University of Arkansas

      Login as info

      Hardware/software:  IBM 4381-14, VM/HPO 6.0, Cornell's CUINFO
      Contact:  Susan Adkins (sa06037@uafsysb.bitnet) or

      System contains information on calendar of events, campus e-mail
      directory, and hours and services.

   7.18  University of Colorado at Boulder

      culine.colorado.edu 852 ( 852)
      Login as CULINE

      Contact:  Donna Pattee (pattee@spot.colorado.edu)

   7.19  University of Denver

      Login as atdu

      Contact:  Bob Stocker (bstocker@ducair.bitnet)

   7.20  University of Minnesota at Duluth

      Login as info
      Emulate a vt100.

      Contact:  Frank Simmons (fsimmons@ub.d.umn.edu)

      This system contains more than 700 documents ranging from athletic
      schedules to microcomputer prices to art gallery showing
      schedules. All commands are displayed at the bottom of each
      screen, and separate online help is available. Keyword searching
      is available, although at this time only words in the titles of
      documents are used.

   7.21  University of New Brunswick, Canada, INFO

      unbmvs1.csd.unb.ca (
      Login with application id INFO
      No password is required.
      INFO is a full-screen CICS application running under MVS.

      tn3270 emulation.

      Contact:  Bonita Mockler (bgm@unb.ca)

      System contains university calendar; class timetable; phone/fax
      numbers for faculty, staff, and students, faculty and staff e-mail
      IDs; seminar schedules; minutes; newsletter; and more.

   7.22  University of New Hampshire VideoTex

      unhvtx.unh.edu (
      USERNAME:  student (no password required).
      Control-z to log off.
      VT100/VT200 terminal emulation.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:  Robin Tuttle (r_tuttle1@unhh.unh.edu)

      System includes phone directories, campus calendar, job listings,
      off-campus housing list, undergraduate catalog, class schedules,
      newsletters, services and programs, rights and rules of conduct,
      athletics and recreation information, activities, and workshops.

   7.23  University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill INFO

      info.oit.unc.edu (
      Login as info
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:  Judy Hallman (hallman@unc.bitnet)

      System contains campus directory; job openings; "TheIndependent
      Study" catalog (correspondence courses); undergraduate catalog;
      continuing education classes; and several campus newsletters,
      including "Newsbrief," the weekly campus computing newsletter.

   7.24  University of North Carolina at Greensboro MINERVA

      Login as info or MINERVA
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:  Norman Hill (hillnr@uncg.bitnet)

   7.25  University of North Carolina at Wilmington SEABOARD

      vxc.uncwil.edu (
      Log in as info
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
      Contact:  Eddy Cavenaugh (cavenaughd@uncwil.bitnet) or

      System includes class schedule listings, institutional statistics,
      library services, faculty and staff publications, current
      university news releases, phone directories, and facilities

   7.26  University of Northern Iowa

      Log in as public
      Prefers a vtxxx terminal, but works with unknown terminal types.

      Hardware/software:  The program uses UNIX tput clear, tput mc4,
      and tput mc5 (for printing).
      Contact:  Mike Yohe (yohe@iscsvax.uni.edu)

   7.27  University of Pennsylvania PennInfo

      (no login id is needed.)
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  MIT's Techinfo; type HELP for directions
      Contact:  Valerie Glauser (glauser@dccs.upenn.edu)
      Comments:  penninfo-comments@dccs.upenn.edu
      Bugs:  penninfo-bugs@dccs.upenn.edu
      Contact:  Valerie Glauser (glauser@dccs.upenn.edu)

      PennInfo can be accessed via MIT's TechInfo Mac client program as
      well.  We've modified the MAC client slightly because we have
      different contact information at Penn than MIT does.

   7.28  Ohio State University

      Login as oasis
      Emulate a VT100.

      Hardware/software:  DEC 5500 using Ultrix, shell scripts and

      modified Gopher code to allow Gopher access.
      Contact:  Clifford Collins (collins+@osu.edu)
      Comments:  oasis@magnus.acs.ohio-state.edu
      Bugs:  oasis@magnus.acs.ohio-state.edu

8.0  Internet Bulletin Board System/Interactive

   These are systems that you connect to through an
   anonymous Telnet session to access a variety of services/information.
   In some respects they resemble campuswide information systems; in others,
   they are more like bulletin boards or interactive databases.

   A file containing the most frequently asked questions about
   bulletin board systems is available via anonymous FTP.

   Anonymous FTP to polyslo.calpoly.edu
   cd pub
   get alt.bbs.faq

   Listed below are some of these types of systems.

   8.1  Cleveland Freenet - Case Western Reserve University

      Telnet to freenet-in-a.cwru.edu
      Follow the menu driven instructions.

   8.2  Heartland Freenet

      heartland.bradley.edu (
      Login as fnguest

   8.3  Youngstown Freenet - Youngstown State University

      Telnet yfn.ysu.edu

      Type visitor at userid prompt and follow menu driven

   8.4  Ocean Network Information Center

      Telnet delocn.udel.edu
      When the Userid: prompt appears, type INFO and press Enter/Return

   8.5  Geographic Name Server

      Telnet martini.eecs.umich.edu 3000

      For informatin on a place, type the name of the city and state as
      you would on the last line of a postal address.  Example:
      Zanesville, OH

   8.6  ISAAC

      ISAAC, the Information System for Advanced Academic Computing,
      serves as a clearinghouse for information about the use of IBM-
      compatible hardware and software as aids to instruction and
      research in higher education.  Membership is free to all students,
      faculty, and staff at institutions of higher education.

      For more information call (206) 543-5604.

      ISAAC requires that you register before you can access the system.
      To register, type register for the userid and password and fill in
      the information using the tab key to go from field to field.  Once
      registered, you will be assigned a userid and password; then you
      must reconnect, this time typing your assigned userid and

      To access ISAAC, you need to establish a Telnet connection over
      the network.  If you do not have network access, you also can call
      over phone lines.  Call (800) 237-5551 in the United States or,
      within the local Seattle area or outside the United States, call
      (206) 543-3761.

      telnet isaac.engr.washington.edu  or

   8.7  FEDIX

      FEDIX is an online information service that links the higher
      education community and the federal government to facilitate
      research, education, and services.  The system provides accurate
      and timely federal agency information to colleges, universities,
      and other research organizations.  There are no registration fees
      and no access charges for using FEDIX.  The only cost is for the
      phone call.

      FEDIX provides daily information updates on:

      Federal education and research programs (including descriptions,
      eligibility, funding, and deadlines).

      Scholarships, fellowships, and grants.

      Used government research equipment available.

      New funding for specific research and education activities from
      the Commerce Business Daily, Federal Register, and other sources.

      Minority assistance research and education programs.

      News and current events within participating agencies.

      General information such as agency history, budget, organizational
      structure, and mission statement.

      For more information, contact the HELPLINE at (301) 975-0103
      Monday-Friday, 8:30 am to 4:30 pm EST, except on federal holidays.

      At the login: prompt type fedix

   8.8  STIS

      STIS is the Science and Technology Information System at the
      National Science Foundation.

      Information includes the NSF Bulletin, guide to programs, grants
      booklet (including forms), program announcements, press releases,
      NSF telephone book, reports of the National Science Board,
      descriptions of research projects funded by NSF (with abstracts),
      and analytical reports and news from the International Programs

      Publications may be searched by using a keyword, such as japan or
      volcano; using a phrase, such as exchange of scientists and soviet
      union; or by selecting a broad topic like biosciences.

      For more information, contact the National Science Foundation,
      Pone (202) 357-7555, FAX (202) 357-7745, TDD (202) 357-7492 or via
      e-mail to stis@nsf.gov (Internet), or stis@nsf (BITNET).

      telnet stis.nsf.gov
      At the login: prompt type public

      At the terminal type prompt, type vt100nkp

      Enter your terminal type [blank=vt100]: vt100nkp

      You are asked for a userid of up to eight characters.  If you are

      a new user, you will be asked to supply your name and address for
      record keeping.  You can search the NSF publications for
      information and have the information sent to your e-mail address
      if you wish.  STIS provides a menu system.  To get back to the
      main menu, press the esc key until you have the main menu on the
      screen.  Press the arrow key until Exit is highlighted, and press
      enter to exit STIS.

   8.9  Weather

      Telnet madlab.sprl.umich.edu 3000

   8.93 NASA Spacelink

      A space-related information database provided by the NASA
      Educational Affairs Division.


      Telnet spacelink.msfc.nasa.gov
      Login with userid newuser
      and password newuser

   8.95  WAIS

      Wide Area Information Server; this system uses a standard query
      system for access to information databases on the Internet.  It is
      a client server model with clients available for Macintoshes,
      NeXTs, UNIX and PCs.


      Telnet quake.think.com

      Login as wais

      Files avaialable via anonymous FTP to quake.com
      cd wais

   8.96 Gopher

      Gopher is a client server system that accesses information on the
      Internet.  Clients exist for Macintoshes, PCs, NeXTs, X Windows,
      and UNIX terminals.  The use of Gopher as Campus Wide Information
      Systems has been exploding in the past year.  If you have not
      tried Gopher I would highly recommend giving it a try.  It is
      truly a golden Gopher.


      Telnet to consultant.micro.umn.edu
      Login as gopher

      Files available via anonymous FTP to boombox.micro.umn.edu
      cd pub/gopher

9.0  WHOIS - E-mail white pages

   WHOIS is a program available on many workstation/mini/mainframe
   computers that can connect to another computer. By supplying a
   persons name, it will respond with information it has on the person.
   A similar program called finger does the same type of thing, except
   it only supplies information on individuals with an account on that
   specific computer.  A WHOIS database generally is contains
   information on most of the individuals at a university, not just on
   the machine you connect to.

   In a larger sense WHOIS is a technique for finding a person's e-mail
   address.  There is no master list of e-mail addresses on the network.
   Standards have been established for supplying e-mail addresses, but
   it will take some time for it to be globally implemented.  In the
   meantime, the easiest way to find out is to call and ask!

   I can just hear the gasps of horror, using the phone for anything but
   talking to your mom, sacrilege.  There are, of course, many ways of
   finding a person's e-mail address.  But what you don't know is if the
   person even reads his/her e-mail, and in the case of multiple e-mail
   addresses, which one is correct.  A simple phone call the first time
   will answer those unknowns quickly.

   The following documents and resources will assist in finding a
   person's e-mail address.

   9.03 College E-mail Address

      Mark Kantrowitz (mkant@cs.cmu.edu) of Caregie-Mellon University
      has compiled an extensive list of techniques for locating e-mail
      addresses for many universities.  This document contains an
      alphabetic listing of universities and searching techniques unique
      to each.

      Anonymous ftp to a.gp.cs.cmu.edu
         Note: for password you must use your e-mail address in the
            form of name@computer.
      cd /afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mkant/Public/Email

         Note: you must cd to this directory as above, because
            intermediate directories are protected.
      get college-email.-#.text.##
         Note: the files are separated into several sections and you
            need to specify the sections you want by replacing the #
            shown above with a number 1, 2, 3 etc.

      You also can send mail to mail-server@pit-manager.mit.edu with
      no subject and the body of the text message (with no signature)

      send usenet/soc.college/FAQ:_College_Email_Addresses

      send usenet/soc.college/FAQ:_College_Email_Addresses

      Note the above commands should be all on one line.

   9.05 Netfind

      Netfind is a program that goes out and queries the network
      in an organized way to find e-mail addresses.

        Telnet bruno.cs.colorado.edu
        Login is netfind

   9.07 Inter-Network Guide

      When mailing from one network to another you need to know what
      address to use to access the gateway.  For instance, if you want
      to send a message from the Internet to someone on CompuServe, you
      address it to 12345.1234@compuserve.com, where the 12345.1234 is
      the person's CompuServe ID in the form 12345,1234.

      The Inter-Network Mail Guide by John Chew provides this

      Source: Send a mail message to listserv@unmvm.unm.edu No subject
      Message body of: GET NETWORK GUIDE

   9.09 WHOIS List

      The following is a list of universities that have a WHOIS service
      working.  A more complete list has been collected by Matt Power of
      MIT (mhpower@athena.mit.edu).


      Anonymous ftp to sipb.mit.edu
      cd pub/whois
      get whois-servers.list

      The following is a short list of WHOIS servers.

   9.1  The Ohio State University

      Telnet to osu.edu
      Use WHOIS command whois -h osu.edu
      Enter firstname.lastname
      Example: whois -h osu.edu jerry.smith

   9.2  University of Oregon

      Use WHOIS command whois -h oregon.uoregon.edu
      Enter firstname.lastname
      Example: whois -h oregon.uoregon.edu Rose.Smith

   9.3  University of Virginia

      Use WHOIS command whois -h whois.virginia.edu
      Enter lastname, firstname middlename
      Example: whois -h whois.virginia.edu Smith, John James

   9.4  University of Pennsylvania

      Use WHOIS command whois -h whois.upenn.edu
      Enter lastname, firstname
      Example: whois -h whois.upenn.edu Smith, Judy

   9.5  University of Wisconsin

      Use WHOIS command whois -h wisc.edu
      Enter firstname lastname
      Example: whois -h wisc.edu Jane Smith

   9.6  MIT

      Use WHOIS command whois -h mit.edu
      Enter firstname_lastname
      Example: whois -h mit.edu Robert_Smith

   9.7  Indiana University

      Use WHOIS command whois -h iugate.ucs.indiana.edu
      Enter firstname_lastname
      Example: whois -h iugate.ucs.indiana.edu Gerald_Smith

   9.8  Stanford University

      Use WHOIS command whois -h stanford.edu
      Enter firstname lastname
      Example: whois -h stanford.edu "shirley smith"

   9.9  University of California at Davis

      Use WHOIS command whois -h ucdavis.edu
      Enter lastname,firstname
      Example: whois -h ucdavis.edu smith,sandra

   9.95  Directory of ERNET users in India

      Use WHOIS command whois -h sangam.ernet.in help
      (will give the help screen with examples)

      Enter city name
      Example: whois -h sangam.ernet.in bombay
      (will list all computer names at bombay)

      Enter name@computer
      Example: whois -h sangam.ernet.in joshi@shakti
      (will match all users on shakti matching the pattern "johsi")

10.0  Books

   For a more complete listing, see sections 2.08 and 2.11.

      Internetworking with TCP/IP Principles, Protocols, and
      Architecture by Douglas Comer, Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-470154-2.

      The Matrix, Computer Networks and Conferencing Systems Worldwide
      by John S. Quarterman, Digital Press, ISBN 0-13-565607-9.

      !%@:: A Directory of Electronic Mail Addressing and Networks, by
      Donnalyn Frey and Rick Adams, O'Reilly & Associates, Inc., ISBN

      The User's Directory of Computer Networks, Edited by Tracy L.
      LaQuey, Digital Press, ISBN 0-13-950262-9.

      Zen and the art of the Internet: A Beginner's Guide, Second
      Editon, by Brendan Kehoe, Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-010778-6.

11.0  Free Periodicals/Tabloids/Magazines

   Below are just a few of the periodicals available to qualified

   The first four, PCWeek, MacWeek, Info World, and Network World, are
   the ones I try to glance over routinely.  Others are dedicated to
   specific network, LAN, or UNIX topics that are useful if you need
   that information.

      PC Week
      P.O. Box 1767
      Riverton, NJ 08077-9767

      P.O. Box 1764
      Riverton, NJ 08077-9764

      Info World
      P.O. Box 3013
      Northbrook, IL 60065-3013

      Network World
      161 Worchester Road
      Framingham, MA 01701

      Computer System News
      Circulation Dept.
      P.O. Box 2030
      Manhasset, NY 11030-7030

      Network Management
      Circulation Department
      Box 2417
      Tulsa, OK 74101-2417

      Unix Review
      Circulation Department
      P.O. Box 7439
      San Francisco, CA 94120-7439

      Communication News
      2504 North Tamiami Trail
      Nokomis, FL 34275-9987

      LAN Times
      P.O. Box 652
      Hightstown, NJ 08520

      Communications Week
      Circulations Dept.
      P.O. Box 2070
      Manhasset, NY 11030

      LAN Computing
      101 Witmer Road
      O.O. Box 322
      Horsham, PA 19044-0322

      Midrange Systems
      P.O. Box 445
      Horsham, PA 19044-0445

      Unix Today!
      Circulation Dept.
      P.O. Box 2170
      Manhasset NY 11030-4376

12.0  Glossary

      I use some terms here that may not be familiar to all.  The
      following is a brief explanation.

   12.1  BITNET:

      A network of mainframes or minicomputers.  BITNET
      connects many universities and colleges.  It provides
      e-mail and file transfer capabilities, but does not have the
      ability to do remote login (Telnet session capability).

   12.2  Internet:

      A very large network that connects just about any types of
      computers.  It supports e-mail, file transfer (FTP), and
      remote login (Telnet).

   12.3  Anonymous FTP:

      The ability to transfer a file from a remote computer connected
      to the Internet without having an account on the remote computer.
      The program that performs the file transfer is normal FTP.  To
      connect to a remote computer offering anonymous FTP, you can use
      the following commands from a computer connected to the Internet.

      FTP Internet computer name
      When prompted for a userid, type anonymous
      When prompted for a password, type your e-mail address
      To get a listing of files type dir
      To change directory, type cd directory name
      To get a file, type get filename
      To get a binary file, type binary then get filename
      To end session, type quit

      FTP pilot.njin.net
      Username:  anonymous
      Password:  yourname@computer.edu
      cd pub/ftp-list
      get ftp.list

   12.4  Telnet:

      The ability to establish a connection to a remote computer
      connected to the Internet network.  Two types of programs are used
      to do this.  One, usually called Telnet, establishes a VT100-type
      terminal emulation to the remote computer.  The second, TN3270,
      establishes a full-screen IBM 3270-type terminal connection.

   12.5  Listserv:

      A program available on many BITNET connected computers that can
      act as a mail forwarding system and as a file repository.  BITNET
      is another network that links many colleges and universities It
      does not normally link to military or government institutions as
      does the Internet.  To subscribe to a listserv, you usually send
      mail to the machine that has the mailing list with the command to
      subscribe.  As an example, to subscribe to a list for discussion
      of topics pertinent to mechanical engineering, send e-mail to
      listserv@utarlvml with a message containing the one-line command
      to subscribe:

      SUB MECH-1 John Doe  (Where John Doe would be your full name)

   12.6 Usenet/Read News

      Newsgroups are like public bulletin boards that you can post and
      read messages from other individuals world wide.  More than 1500
      groups cover topics ranging from arts and recreation to more
      research oriented topics such as physics, philosohy, microbiology
      and many many others.  Normally you gain access through a computer
      that has lots of disk space and is connected directly to the

      Internet.  You can read many of the newgroups from the Cleveland
      Freenet (section 8.1) or from commercial providors of Intenet
      access; for example, Holonet (section 1.7).


   The information provided in the previous sections has been put
   together from multiple sources acquired from the network.  Much of it
   came from reading newsgroups and trying things out to see how they
   worked.  The information is as accurate as I have been able to
   determine, as of July 17, 1992.

   I used a DEC5500 system running Ultrix to check most of these
   sources.  Most of the information is oriented toward Internet, since
   it has remote login (Telnet) and file transfer (FTP).

Security Considerations

   Security issues are not discussed in this memo.

Author's Address

   Jerry Martin
   Leader, Network Information Center
   Ohio State University
   Academic Computing Services
   1971 Neil Ave.
   Columbus, OH 43210-1210

   Phone: (614) 292-4843
   EMail: nic@osu.edu  (Internet)
          nic@ohstmail (BITNET)


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