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Win95 FAQ Part 4 of 14: Hardware
Section - 4.4. How do I make this drive work...

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Top Document: Win95 FAQ Part 4 of 14: Hardware
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     * 4.4.1. CD-ROM drives 
   I know of three classes of CD-ROM devices in Win95:
   IDE: These work off standard IDE adapters if you have Win95 drivers
   for the IDE cards. Just plug and play, like you're supposed to. No
   fancy CD-ROM controller drivers. And yes, you CAN use an IDE CD-ROM
   and hard drive on the same cable, and still get 32-bit access on both
   devices. The IDE miniport driver takes care of the gory details.
   CD-ROM drives alone on a secondary adapter must be a Master drive;
   ATAPI spec demands there be a Master device on each IDE adapter to
   work properly. Grab Microsoft's IOS.VXD Update
   ( if you're having
   trouble playing videos etc off an IDE CD-ROM.
   SCSI: Win95 works best with SCSI-II CD-ROM drives, regardless of your
   host adapter type. Just get Win95 drivers for the SCSI card and let
   ASPI find it. CD-ROM Jukeboxes even work quite well, though some
   SCSI-I jukeboxes will have troubles. Otherwise, PnP works well here,
   too. SCSI is the way to go for many such devices in the same computer.
   There's an update for some CD-ROM Jukeboxes
   ( available if
   you have troubles.
   Proprietary: These include the Mitsumi, Sony CDU-3xx, Matsushita
   (Panasonic/AT) interfaces. These require a CD-ROM miniport driver
   specially designed for the card and the drive combination you have!
   For example: You can't use a TEAC CD-ROM with a SB Pro CD-ROM card
   driver; you have to use a TEAC driver designed for the SB Pro card and
   TEAC drive. Proprietary interfaces include those built into sound
   cards; most of the time they emulate one of these three proprietary
   CD-ROM cards, and you can use a Win95 driver.

     * Using DOS CD-ROM drivers (Avoid at all costs!) 
   You only need to use a DOS CD-ROM driver if you exit Win95. This
   includes the "Restart Computer in DOS mode" option, where you can't
   play a game in a DOS session under Win95. Look here in FAQ page 12
   for details on how to do this properly.
   If you find you need a DOS CD-ROM driver to use the drive in Win95,
   then the drive's broken. See the dealer or manufacturer to get it
   fixed or get a Win95 driver for it. I find that real mode CD-ROM
   drivers in Win95 are very unreliable.

     * 4.4.2. ...Flash PC card or hardcard for a notebook computer? 
   To make the Flash card work, just insert it! Provided you installed
   Win95 drivers for your notebook's PC card slots, it will mount it and
   assign a drive letter to it.
   To make Win95 support PC cards in protected mode, run the PC Card
   control panel. The first time you run this, it offers to install
   32-bit support. Let it do so! It will also remove any real mode and
   Win 3.1 drivers it recognizes, but for weird PC card software you
   might need to do some trimming afterwards. Just hide or delete your
   DOS startup files, and trim off any unusual entries in system.ini.
   File system notes: PC card users told be about some third-party Flash
   file systems that require DOS PC card drivers to use. I'd just say,
   don't waste your time with these non-standard file systems and use
   good ol' FAT.

     * 4.4.3. tape drives 
   Microsoft's backup program only works with cheap tape devices, like
   the floppy port and parallel port tape drives. If you have one of
   these then just use the built in backup program. For other kinds of
   drives, see below.

     * SCSI tape drives 
   Colorado Memory Systems, who wrote the MS Backup for Win95, was kind
   enough to release a version that works with more tape devices.
   Download Colorado Backup and install it, for a Win95 tape drive
   subsystem that supports SCSI tape drives. Get excellent speed and
   reliability with this software and SCSI tape drives.
   Adaptec includes tape backup software with EZ-SCSI 4.0. It is a
   veritable clone of HP's Colorado Backup for Win95.

     * Non-SCSI tape drives (Floppy, parport, FC-20, whatever) 
   If you own a Colorado non-SCSI tape drive, Download Colorado Backup
   1.51. Version 1.51 also handles TRAVAN parallel port drives and floppy
   based drives attached to an FC-10 or FC-20 controller card.
   Non-Colorado customers should ask their manufacturer for Win95
   versions of their software. For example: Arcada
   ( supports Conner floppy-based tape
   drives. The reason behind this is Colorado's tape drivers will FIND
   non-Colorado drives, but the backup program will blatantly ignore
   them. Ahh... what do you want for free?
   Conner also has a basic Win 3.1 version of Backup EXEC patched to
   support Win95 long filenames and Registry back-ups; check with your
   tape drive dealer for a free update.
   Microsoft's built in back-up program works with old cheap QIC-40 and
   QIC-80 class devices attached to a floppy port or parallel port, and
   you won't really get a performance boost with third-party software
   here anyway.

     * 4.4.4. ...removable drive? 
   SCSI is your best, and in some cases, your only choice for removable
   Just get a good Win95 compatible SCSI adapter and you can pick &
   choose between many optical, SyQuest, floptical, whatever... drives.
   The SCSI driver will find and mount any such devices it finds, though
   some disks require partitioning. You can't partition removable disks
   using FDISK, but Adaptec released their EZ-SCSI software for
   Win95, which includes a removable disk partitioner. EZ-SCSI 4.0 will
   work on pretty much any SCSI adapter, because Win95 has ASPI support
   built in. Non-Adaptec owners can buy it. Adaptec's WFDISK (Windows
   disk partitioner) for Win 3.1 will work too, as it uses ASPI.

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Top Document: Win95 FAQ Part 4 of 14: Hardware
Previous Document: 4.3. How do I make this card work...
Next Document: 4.5. How do I make this input device work...

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