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Islam FAQ (Part 5/15): Islam, Quran & Muhammad (PBUH)

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Archive-name: islam-faq/part5
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Last-modified: 1995/3/27
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Organization: Alumni Association, Caltech, Pasadena, California

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        Copyright 1993,1994,1995  Asim Mughal ( 

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                       Frequently Asked Questions: Part 5

        This message  is  automatically  posted  to 'soc.religion.islam'
        every  month  and  when  updated.  This  lists  answers  to most
        commonly asked questions on  the  forum. Contributions & changes
        are requested and should be directed to: 

        OVERVIEW:  The   Frequently   Asked   Questions   document   for
        Islam  has  been  divided  in  parts.  Below is the index. 

        Part 1 - Welcome & Index
        Part 2 - Info on Islamic News Groups
        Part 3 - Introduction to Islam
        Part 4 - God & Worship
        Part 5 - Islam, Quran & Muhammad (PBUH)
        Part 6 - Marriage Laws in Islam
        Part 7 - Women In Islam
        Part 8 - Life after Death, Moral System & Human rights in Islam
        Part 9 - Islam: Prophethood, Jesus & Trinity
        Part 10 - Islam: Farrakhism & Malcom X
        Part 11 - Islamic Internet Guide: Islamic Resources on Internet
        Part 12 - Other Islamic Resource Guides on Internet
        Part 13 - Islamic Literature: Books & Video
        Part 14 - Islamic Calendar & Prayer Time Table for 1994
        Part 15 - Misc: List of Halal Foods


                     PART 5: Islam, Quran & Muhammad (PBUH)


 1. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT ISLAM ...................................... from III&E 
 2. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT THE QUR'AN ................................. from III&E 
 3. QUR'AN ON QUR'AN ............................................... from III&E 
 4. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT MUHAMMAD (PBUH) ............................ from III&E 
 5. THE SWORD OF ISLAM ............................................. from III&E 
 6. Has the sword gone Blunt? No, far from it. ..................... from III&E 
 7. CHOOSING ISLAM: ONE MAN'S TALE ................................. from III&E 
 8. Who can I ask questions on Islam? ......................................... 
 9. Indroductory Publications ...................................... from III&E 
10. Archive Info .............................................................. 
11. Credits ................................................................... 

 Articles .....................................................................

 1. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT ISLAM ...................................... from III&E 

    The Islam that was revealed to Muhammad  (PBUH), is the continuation and
    culmination of all the preceding revealed  religions and hence it is for
    all times and all peoples. This status  of Islam is sustained by glaring
    facts. Firstly, there is no other revealed  book extant in the same form
    and content as it was revealed. Secondly, no other revealed religion has
    any convincing claim to provide guidance  in all walks of human life for
    all times. But  Islam  addresses  humanity  at  large  and  offers basic
    guidance regarding all human  problems.  Moreover,  it has withstood the
    test of fourteen  hundred  years  and  has  all  the  potentialities  of
    establishing an ideal society as it did under the leadership of the last
    Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). 

    It was a miracle that  Prophet  Muhammad  could  bring even his toughest
    enemies to the fold  of  Islam  without   adequate  material  resources.
    Worshippers of  idols,  blind  followers  of  the  ways  of forefathers,
    promoters of tribal feuds, abusers  of  human  dignity and blood, became
    the most disciplined nation under the guidance of Islam and its Prophet.
    Islam opened before them vistas of  spiritual  heights and human dignity
    by declaring righteousness as  the  sole  criterion  of merit and honor.
    Islam shaped their  social,  cultural,  moral  and  commercial life with
    basic laws and principles which are  in conformity with human nature and
    hence applicable in all times as human nature does not change. 

    It is so unfortunate  that  the  Christian  West,  instead  of sincerely
    trying to understand the phenomenal  success of Islam during its earlier
    time, considered it as a  rival  religion.  During  the centuries of the
    Crusades this trend gained much  force  and impetus and a huge amount of
    literature was produced to  tarnish  the  image  of Islam. But Islam has
    begun to unfold its genuineness to  the  modern  scholars whose bold and
    objective observations on Islam belie all the charges leveled against it
    by the so-called unbiased orientalists. 

    Here we furnish some  observations  on  Islam  by great and acknowledged
    non-Muslim scholars of modern time. Truth needs no advocates to plead on
    its behalf, but the  prolonged  malicious  propaganda  against Islam has
    created great  confusion  even  in  the  minds  of  free  and  objective

    We hope that the following  observations  would contribute to initiating
    an objective evaluation of Islam: 

    "It (Islam) replaced  monkishness  by  manliness.  It  gives hope to the
    slave, brotherhood to mankind, and recognition  of the fundamental facts
    of human nature." --Canon Taylor, Paper  read before the Church Congress
    at Walverhamton, Oct. 7,  1887;  Quoted  by  Arnoud  in THE PREACHING OF
    ISLAM, pp. 71-72. 

    "Sense of justice is one of the most  wonderful ideals of Islam, because
    as I read in the Qur'an I  find  those  dynamic  principles of life, not
    mystic but practical ethics for the  daily conduct of life suited to the
    whole world." --Lectures on  "The  Ideals  of  Islam;"  see SPEECHES AND
    WRITINGS OF SAROJINI NAIDU, Madras, 1918, p. 167. 

    "History makes it clear however,  that  the  legend of fanatical Muslims
    sweeping through the world and  forcing  Islam at the point of the sword
    upon conquered races is one of the most  fantastically absurd myths that
    historians  have  ever  repeated."  --De  Lacy  O'Leary,  ISLAM  AT  THE
    CROSSROADS, London, 1923, p. 8. 

    "But Islam has  a  still  further  service  to  render  to  the cause of
    humanity. It stands after all nearer  to the real East than Europe does,
    and it possesses a magnificent  tradition  of inter-racial understanding
    and cooperation. No other society  has  such a record of success uniting
    in an equality of status, of opportunity,  and of endeavours so many and
    so various races of mankind . . . Islam has still the power to reconcile
    apparently irreconcilable elements  of  race  and tradition. If ever the
    opposition of the great societies of  East and West is to be replaced by
    cooperation, the mediation of  Islam  is  an indispensable condition. In
    its hands lies very  largely  the  solution  of  the  problem with which
    Europe is faced in its relation with  East. If they unite, the hope of a
    peaceful issue is immeasurably enhanced. But if Europe, by rejecting the
    cooperation of Islam, throws it  into  the arms of its rivals, the issue
    can only be disastrous for both." --H.A.R.  Gibb, WHITHER ISLAM, London,
    1932, p. 379. 

    "I have always held the religion of  Muhammad in high estimation because
    of its wonderful vitality. It is  the  only religion which appears to me
    to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence
    which can make itself appeal  to  every  age.  I  have studied him - the
    wonderful man and in my opinion  for  from being an anti-Christ, he must
    be called the Saviour of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were
    to assume the dictatorship of  the  modern  world,  he  would succeed in
    solving its problems in a way that would  bring it the much needed peace
    and happiness: I have  prophesied  about  the  faith of Muhammad that it
    would be acceptable to the Europe  of  tomorrow as it is beginning to be
    acceptable to the Europe of today." --G.B. Shaw, THE GENUINE ISLAM, Vol.
    1, No. 81936. 

    "The extinction of race  consciousness  as between Muslims is one of the
    outstanding achievements of Islam,  and  in the contemporary world there
    is, as it happens, a crying  need  for  the  propagation of this Islamic
    virtue." --A.J. Toynbee, CIVILIZATION ON TRIAL, New York, 1948, p. 205. 

    "The rise of Islam is perhaps the  most  amazing event in human history.
    Springing from a land and a  people  like  previously  negligible, Islam
    spread within a century over half  the  earth, shattering great empires,
    overthrowing long established religions,  remoulding the souls of races,
    and building up a whole new world - world of Islam. 

    "The closer we examine this  development  the more extraordinary does it
    appear. The other  great  religions  won  their  way  slowly, by painful
    struggle  and  finally  triumphed  with  the  aid  of  powerful monarchs
    converted to the new faith.  Christianity  had its Constantine, Buddhism
    its Asoka, and Zoroastrianism its Cyrus, each lending to his chosen cult
    the mighty force of secular authority. Not so Islam. Arising in a desert
    land sparsely inhabited by a nomad  race  previously  undistinguished in
    human annals, Islam  sallied  forth  on  its  great  adventure  with the
    slenderest human backing  and  against  the  heaviest material odds. Yet
    Islam  triumphed  with  seemingly  miraculous  ease,  and  a  couple  of
    generations saw the Fiery Crescent borne victorious from the Pyrenees to
    the Himalayas and from the  desert  of  Central  Asia  to the deserts of
    Central Africa." --A.M.L.  Stoddard,  quoted  in ISLAM - THE RELIGION OF
    ALL PROPHETS, Begum Bawani Waqf, Karachi, Pakistan, p. 56. 

    "Islam is a religion that  is  essentially  rationalistic  in the widest
    sense of this  term  considered  etymologically  and  historically.  The
    definition of rationalism as a  system  that  bases religious beliefs on
    principles furnished by the reason applies to it exactly . . . It cannot
    be denied that many doctrines  and  systems  of  theology  and also many
    superstitions, from the worship  of  saints  to  the use of rosaries and
    amulets, have become grafted on  the  main trunk of Muslim creed. But in
    spite of the rich  developments,  in  every  sense  of  the term, of the
    teachings of the Prophet, the Quran has invariable kept its place as the
    fundamental starting point,  and  the  dogma  of unity of God has always
    been proclaimed therein with a grandeur, a majesty, an invariable purity
    and with a note of sure  conviction,  which it is hard to find surpassed
    outside the pale of Islam. This fidelity to the fundamental dogma of the
    religion,  the  elemental  simplicity  of  the  formula  in  which it is
    enunciated, the proof that it  gains  from  the fervid conviction of the
    missionaries who propagate it, are so many causes to explain the success
    of Muhammadan missionary efforts. A creed so precise, so stripped of all
    theological complexities and consequently  so accessible to the ordinary
    understanding might be expected  to  possess  and  does indeed possess a
    marvelous power of  winning  its  way  into  the  consciences  of  men."
    --Edward  Montet,  "La  Propagande   Chretienne   et   ses  Adversaries
    Musulmans," Paris, 1890;  Quoted  by  T.W.  Arnold  in  THE PREACHING OF
    ISLAM, London, 1913, pp. 413-414. 

    "I am not a Muslim in the usual sense,  though I hope I am a "Muslim" as
    "one surrendered to God," but I  believe  that embedded in the Quran and
    other expressions of the Islamic vision  are vast stores of divine truth
    from which I and other occidentals have  still much to learn, and 'Islam
    is certainly a strong contender for the supplying of the basic framework
    of the one religion of  the  future.'"  --W.  Montgomery Watt, ISLAM AND
    CHRISTIANITY TODAY, London, 1983, p. ix. 

 2. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT THE QUR'AN ................................. from III&E 

    Humanity has received the Divine guidance  through two channels: firstly
    the word of Allah, secondly  the  Prophets  who  were chosen by Allah to
    communicate His will to human beings.  These two things have always been
    going together and attempts  to  know  the  will  of Allah by neglecting
    either of these two have always  been  misleading.  The Hindus neglected
    their prophets and paid all  attention  to  their books that proved only
    word puzzles which they ultimately  lost.  Similarly, the Christians, in
    total disregard to the Book of Allah,  attached all importance to Christ
    and thus not only elevated  him  to  Divinity,  but  also  lost the very
    essence of TAWHEED (monotheism) contained in the Bible. 

    As a matter of fact the  main  scriptures  revealed  before  the Qur'an,
    i.e., the Old Testament and the  Gospel,  came into book-form long after
    the days of the Prophets and that  too  in translation. This was because
    the followers of Moses and Jesus made no considerable effort to preserve
    these Revelations during the life  of  their  Prophets. Rather they were
    written long after their death. Thus what we now have in the form of the
    Bible (The Old as well  as  the  New   Testament)  is  translations  of
    individuals'  accounts  of  the  original   revelations   which  contain
    additions and deletions made by  the  followers of the said Prophets. On
    the contrary, the  last  revealed  Book,  the  Qur'an,  is extant in its
    original form. Allah Himself guaranteed its preservation and that is why
    the whole of the Qur'an was  written  during the lifetime of the Prophet
    Muhammad (PBUH) himself  though  on  separate  pieces  of  palm  leaves,
    parchments, bones,  etc...  Moreover,  there  were  tens of thousands of
    companions of the Prophet who memorized the whole Qur'an and the Prophet
    himself used to recite to the Angel Gabriel once a year and twice in the
    year he died. The first Caliph Abu Bakr  entrusted the collection of the
    whole Qur'an in one volume to  the  Prophet's  scribe,  Zaid Ibn Thabit.
    This volume was with Abu  Bakr  till  his  death.  Then  it was with the
    second Caliph Umar and after him  it  came to Hafsa, the Prophet's wife.
    It was from this original  copy  that  the  third Caliph Uthman prepared
    several other copies and sent them to different Muslim territories. 

    The Qur'an was so meticulously  preserved  because it was to be the Book
    of guidance for humanity for all times  to come. That is why it does not
    address the Arabs alone in whose language  it was revealed. It speaks to
    man as a human being: 

    "O Man! What has seduced you from your Lord." 

    The practicability of  the  Qur'anic  teachings  is  established  by the
    examples of Muhammad (PBUH) and  the  good  Muslims throughout the ages.
    The distinctive approach of  the  Qur'an  is  that  its instructions are
    aimed at the general welfare of  man  and are based on the possibilities
    within his  reach.  In  all  its  dimensions   the  Qur'anic  wisdom  is
    conclusive. It  neither  condemns  nor  tortures  the  flesh nor does it
    neglect the soul. It  does  not  humanize  God  nor  does  it deify man.
    Everything is carefully placed  where  it belongs in the total scheme of

    Actually the scholars who allege that  Muhammad (PBUH) was the author of
    the Qur'an claim something which is humanly impossible. Could any person
    of the sixth century C.E.  utter  such  scientific  truths as the Qur'an
    contains? Could he  describe  the  evolution  of  the  embryo inside the
    uterus so accurately as we find it in modern science? 

    Secondly, is it logical to believe  that  Muhammad (PBUH), who up to the
    age of forty was marked only for his honesty and integrity, began all of
    a sudden the authorship of a book  matchless  in  literary merit and the
    equivalent of which the whole  legion  of  the Arab poets and orators of
    highest calibre could not produce?  And  lastly,  is it justified to say
    that Muhammad (PBUH) who was known as  AL-AMEEN (The Trustworthy) in his
    society and who is still  admired  by  the  non-Muslim  scholars for his
    honesty and  integrity,  came  forth  with  a  false  claim  and on that
    falsehood could train  thousands  of  men  of  character,  integrity and
    honesty, who were  able  to  establish  the  best  human  society on the
    surface of the earth? 

    Surely, any sincere and unbiased searcher  of truth will come to believe
    that the Qur'an is the revealed Book of Allah. 

    Without necessarily agreeing with  all  that  they said, we furnish here
    some opinions of important non-Muslim scholars about the Qur'an. Readers
    can easily see  how  the  modern  world  is  coming  closer  to  reality
    regarding the Qur'an. We appeal to all open-minded scholars to study the
    Qur'an in the light of the  aforementioned  points. We are sure that any
    such attempt will convince  the  reader  that  the Qur'an could never be
    written by any human being. 

    "However often we turn to it [the  Qur'an]  at  first disgusting us each
    time afresh, it soon  attracts,  astounds,  and  in the end enforces our
    reverence... Its  style,  in  accordance  with  its  contents and aim is
    stern, grand, terrible - ever and  anon  truly sublime -- Thus this book
    will go on  exercising  through  all  ages  a  most  potent  influence."
    --Goethe, quoted in T.P. Hughes' DICTIONARY OF ISLAM, p. 526. 

    "The Koran admittedly occupies  an  important  position  among the great
    religious books of the world.  Though  the  youngest of the epoch-making
    works belonging to this class of literature,  it yields to hardly any in
    the wonderful effect which it has  produced  on  large masses of men. It
    has created an all but new phase  of  human  thought and a fresh type of
    character. It first transformed a number  of heterogeneous desert tribes
    of the Arabian peninsula into a nation  of heroes, and then proceeded to
    create the vast politico-religious organizations of the Muhammadan world
    which are one of the great forces with which Europe and the East have to
    reckon today." --G.  Margoliouth,  Introduction  to  J.M. Rodwell's, THE
    KORAN, New York: Everyman's Library, 1977, p. vii. 

    "A work, then, which calls forth so  powerful and seemingly incompatible
    emotions even in the distant reader - distant as to time, and still more
    so as a mental  development  -  a  work  which  not  only  conquers  the
    repugnance which he may begin  its  perusal,  but  changes  this adverse
    feeling  into  astonishment  and  admiration,  such  a  work  must  be a
    wonderful production of  the  human  mind  indeed  and  a problem of the
    highest interest  to  every  thoughtful  observer  of  the  destinies of
    mankind." --Dr. Steingass, quoted  in  T.P. Hughes' DICTIONARY OF ISLAM,
    pp. 526-527. 

    "The above observation makes the  hypothesis  advanced  by those who see
    Muhammad as the author of the  Qur'an  untenable.  How could a man, from
    being illiterate, become the most important author, in terms of literary
    merits, in the whole of Arabic  literature?  How could he then pronounce
    truths of a scientific nature that  no  other human being could possibly
    have developed at that  time,  and  all  this  without  once  making the
    slightest  error  in  his  pronouncement   on  the  subject?"  --Maurice
    Bucaille, THE BIBLE, THE QUR'AN AND SCIENCE, 1978, p. 125. 

    "Here, therefore, its merits as a literary production should perhaps not
    be measured by some  preconceived  maxims  of  subjective  and aesthetic
    taste, but by the effects which it produced in Muhammad's contemporaries
    and fellow countrymen. If it spoke so powerfully and convincingly to the
    hearts of his hearers as to weld  hitherto  centrifugal and antagonistic
    elements into one compact and well-organized body, animated by ideas far
    beyond those which had  until  now  ruled  the  Arabian  mind,  then its
    eloquence was perfect, simply because  it created a civilized nation out
    of savage tribes, and shot a fresh  woof  into the old warp of history."
    --Dr. Steingass, quoted in T.P. Hughes' DICTIONARY OF ISLAM, p. 528. 

    "In making the present  attempt  to  improve  on  the  performance of my
    predecessors, and  to  produce  something  which  might  be  accepted as
    echoing however faintly the sublime rhetoric of the Arabic Koran, I have
    been at pains to study the  intricate  and richly varied rhythms which -
    apart from the message itself - constitute  the Koran's undeniable claim
    to rank amongst the greatest  literary  masterpieces  of mankind... This
    very  characteristic  feature  -  'that  inimitable  symphony,'  as  the
    believing Pickthall described his  Holy  Book, 'the very sounds of which
    move men to tears and ecstasy'  -  has  been  almost  totally ignored by
    previous translators; it is therefore not surprising that what they have
    wrought sounds dull and flat  indeed  in  comparison with the splendidly
    decorated original." --Arthur J. Arberry, THE KORAN INTERPRETED, London:
    Oxford University Press, 1964, p. x. 

    "A totally objective  examination  of  it  [the  Qur'an] in the light of
    modern knowledge, leads us to  recognize  the agreement between the two,
    as has been already noted  on  repeated  occasions.  It makes us deem it
    quite unthinkable for a man of  Muhammad's  time to have been the author
    of such statements on account of the state of knowledge in his day. Such
    considerations are part of what gives the Qur'anic Revelation its unique
    place, and forces the  impartial  scientist  to  admit  his inability to
    provide an explanation which calls solely upon materialistic reasoning."
    --Maurice Bucaille, THE QUR'AN AND MODERN SCIENCE, 1981, p. 18. 

 3. QUR'AN ON QUR'AN ............................................... from III&E 

    "Hence, indeed, We made this  Qur'an  easy to bear in mind: who, then is
    willing to take it  to  heart?"  --Chapter  54:  Verses  17,  22, 32, 40

    "Will they then not meditate on the  Qur'an, or are there locks on their
    hearts?" --Chapter 47: Verse 24 

    "Surely this Qur'an guides to that which  is most upright and gives good
    news to the believers who do  good  works  that  they shall have a great
    reward." --Chapter 17: Verse 9 

    "Surely We  have  revealed  the  reminder  (Qur'an)  and  We  will  most
    certainly guard it (from corruption)." --Chapter 15: Verse 9 

    "Praise be to Allah Who  has  revealed  the  Book  (Qur'an) to His slave
    (Muhammad) and has not placed  therein  any  crookedness." --Chapter 18:
    Verse 1 

    "Will they not then ponder on the Qur'an? If it had been from other than
    Allah they would have found therein  much discrepancy." Chapter 4: Verse

    "And certainly We have explained  in  this Qur'an every kind of example;
    and man is most of all given  to  contention.  And  nothing prevents men
    from believing when the guidance  comes  to them, and asking forgiveness
    of their Lord, except that what happened to the ancients should overtake
    them, or that the  chastisement  should  come  face  to face with them."
    --Chapter 18: Verses 54-55 

    "And We reveal (stage by stage) of  the  Qur'an  that which is a healing
    and a mercy for believers, and to the  unjust it causes nothing but loss
    after loss." --Chapter 17: Verse 82 

    "And if you are in doubt concerning  that which We reveal unto Our slave
    (Muhammad) then produce a surah (chapter)  of the like thereof, and call
    your witnesses besides Allah if you are truthful." --Chapter 2: Verse 23 

    "And this Qur'an is not such as could  be forged by those besides Allah,
    but it is a verification  (of  revelations)  that  went  before it and a
    fuller explanation of the Book -  there  is  no doubt - from the Lord of
    the Worlds." --Chapter 10: Verse 37 

    "So when you recite the  Qur'an,  seek  refuge  in  Allah from Satan the
    outcast." --Chapter 16: Verse 98. 

 4. WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT MUHAMMAD (PBUH) ............................ from III&E 

    During the  centuries  of  the  crusades,  all  sorts  of  slanders were
    invented against Prophet  Muhammad  (pbuh).  But  with  the birth of the
    modern age, marked with  religious  tolerance  and  freedom  of thought,
    there has been a great change  in  the  approach  of  Western authors in
    their delineation  of  his  life  and   character.  The  views  of  some
    non-Muslim  scholars  regarding  Prophet  Muhammad,  given  at  the end,
    justify this opinion. 

    But the West has still to go  a  step  forward  to discover the greatest
    reality about Muhammad and  that  is  his  being  the  true and the last
    Prophet of God for the whole  humanity.  In spite of all its objectivity
    and enlightenment there has been no sincere and objective attempt by the
    West to understand the Prophethood of  Muhammad (pbuh). It is so strange
    that very  glowing  tributes  are  paid  to  him  for  his integrity and
    achievement but his claim of being the  Prophet of God has been rejected
    explicitly or implicitly. It is  here  that  a searching of the heart is
    required, and a review  of  the  so-called  objectivity  is  needed. The
    following glaring facts  from  the  life  of  Muhammad  (pbuh) have been
    furnished to facilitate  an  unbiased,  logical  and  objective decision
    regarding his Prophethood. 

    Up to the age  of  forty,  Muhammad  was  not  known  as  a statesman, a
    preacher or an orator. He was  never  seen  discussing the principles of
    metaphysics, ethics, law, politics,  economics or sociology. No doubt he
    possessed an  excellent  character,  charming  manners  and  was  highly
    cultured. Yet there was nothing  so  deeply  striking  and  so radically
    extraordinary in him that  would  make  men  expect  something great and
    revolutionary from him in the  future.  But when he came out of the Cave
    (HIRA) with a new message, he was completely transformed. Is it possible
    for such a person of the above  qualities  to  turn all of a sudden into
    'an impostor' and claim to be the  Prophet  of  Allah and invite all the
    rage of his people? One might  ask:  for  what  reason did he suffer all
    those hardships? His people  offered  to accept him as their King and he
    would leave the preaching of his religion.  But he chose to refuse their
    tempting offers and go on preaching his religion single-handedly in face
    of all kinds of insults, social boycott and even physical assault by his
    own people. Was  it  not  only  God's  support  and  his  firm  will  to
    disseminate the  message  of  Allah  and  his  deep-rooted  belief  that
    ultimately Islam would emerge as the only way of life for humanity, that
    he stood like a mountain in the face  of all opposition and conspiracies
    to eliminate him? Furthermore, had he come with a design of rivalry with
    the Christians and the Jews,  why  should  he  have made belief in Jesus
    Christ and Moses and other Prophets of God (peace be upon them), a basic
    requirement of faith without which no one could be a Muslim? 

    Is it not an incontrovertible proof  of his Prophethood that in spite of
    being unlettered and having led a  very  normal and quiet life for forty
    years, when he began preaching his  message,  all of Arabia stood in awe
    and wonder and was bewitched by his  wonderful eloquence and oratory? It
    was so matchless that the  whole  legion  of  Arab  poets, preachers and
    orators of the highest calibre failed to bring forth its equivalent. And
    above all, how could he  then  pronounce  truths  of a scientific nature
    contained in the Qur'an that no  other  human  being could possible have
    developed at that time? 

    Last but not least, why did he lead a hard life even after gaining power
    and authority? Just ponder over  the  words  he uttered while dying: "We
    the community of the Prophets are  not  inherited.  Whatever we leave is
    for charity." 

    As a matter of fact, Muhammad  (pbuh)  is  the last link of the chain of
    Prophets sent in different lands  and  times since the very beginning of
    the human life on  this  planet.  Read  the  following  writings  of the
    Western authors: 

    "If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astounding results are
    the three criteria of human genius,  who could dare to compare any great
    man in modern history with  Muhammad?  The most famous men created arms,
    laws and empires only. They  founded,  if  anything at all, no more than
    material powers which often  crumbled  away  before their eyes. This man
    moved not only armies, legislations, empires, peoples and dynasties, but
    millions of men in one-third of the  then inhabited world; and more than
    that, he moved the  altars,  the  gods,  the  religions,  the ideas, the
    beliefs and souls. . . his  forbearance  in victory, his ambition, which
    was entirely devoted to  one  idea  and  in  no  manner  striving for an
    empire; his endless prayers,  his  mystic  conversations  with  God, his
    death and his triumph after death; all  these attest not to an imposture
    but to a firm conviction which  gave  him  the power to restore a dogma.
    This dogma was twofold, the unity  of  God and the immateriality of God;
    the former telling what God is, the  latter telling what God is not; the
    one overthrowing false gods with  the  sword, the other starting an idea
    with words. 

    "Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator,  warrior, conqueror of ideas,
    restorer of rational dogmas, of a  cult  without  images; the founder of
    twenty terrestrial  empires  and  of   one  spiritual  empire,  that  is
    Muhammad. As regards  all  standards  by  which  human  greatness may be
    measured, we  may  well  ask,  is   there  any  man  greater  than  he?"
    --Lamartine, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, Paris, 1854, Vol. II, pp. 276-277. 

    "It is not the propagation  but  the  permanency  of  his  religion that
    deserves our wonder, the  same  pure  and  perfect  impression  which he
    engraved at Mecca and Medina  is  preserved,  after  the  revolutions of
    twelve centuries by the Indian,  the  African and the Turkish proselytes
    of the Koran. . . The Mahometans have uniformly withstood the temptation
    of reducing the object of their  faith  an  devotion to a level with the
    senses and imagination of man.  'I  believe  in  One God and Mahomet the
    Apostle of God,' is the simple and  invariable  profession of Islam. The
    intellectual image of the Deity  has  never been degraded by any visible
    idol; the honours of the prophet have  never transgressed the measure of
    human virtue, and his living  precepts  have restrained the gratitude of
    his disciples within the bounds of reason and religion." --Edward Gibbon
    and Simon Ocklay, HISTORY OF THE SARACEN EMPIRE, London, 1870, p. 54. 

    "He was Caesar  and  Pope  in  one;  but  he  was  Pope  without  Pope's
    pretensions, Caesar without the  legions  of  Caesar: without a standing
    army, without a bodyguard, without a palace, without a fixed revenue; if
    ever any man had the right to say that  he ruled by the right divine, it
    was Mohammed, for he had  all  the  power  without  its  instruments and
    without its supports."  --Bosworth  Smith,  MOHAMMAD  AND MOHAMMADANISM,
    London, 1874, p. 92. 

    "It is impossible for anyone who  studies  the life and character of the
    great Prophet of Arabia, who knows  how  he  taught and how he lived, to
    feel anything but reverence for  that  mighty  Prophet, one of the great
    messengers of the Supreme. And although in what I put to you I shall say
    many things which may be familiar to  many, yet I myself feel whenever I
    re-read them, a new way of admiration, a new sense of reverence for that
    mighty Arabian  teacher."  --Annie  Besant,  THE  LIFE  AND TEACHINGS OF
    MUHAMMAD, Madras, 1932, p. 4. 

    "His readiness to undergo  persecutions  for his beliefs, the high moral
    character of the men who believed in him and looked up to him as leader,
    and the  greatness  of  his  ultimate   achievement   -  all  argue  his
    fundamental integrity.  To  suppose  Muhammad  an  impostor  raises more
    problems than it solves. Moreover, none  of the great figures of history
    is so poorly appreciated in the West as Muhammad." --W. Montgomery Watt,
    MOHAMMAD AT MECCA, Oxford, 1953, p. 52. 

    "Muhammad, the inspired man who  founded  Islam, was born about A.D. 570
    into an Arabian tribe that  worshipped  idols. Orphaned at birth, he was
    always particularly solicitous of the  poor and needy, the widow and the
    orphan, the slave  and  the  downtrodden.  At  twenty,  he was already a
    successful businessman, and soon became director of camel caravans for a
    wealthy widow. When he reached  twenty-five,  his  employer, recognizing
    his merit, proposed marriage. Even  though  she was fifteen years older,
    he married her, and as long as she lived, remained a devoted husband. 

    "Like almost every major  prophet  before  him,  Muhammad  fought shy of
    serving as the transmitter of  God's  word,  sensing his own inadequacy.
    But the angel commanded 'Read.' So  far  as we know, Muhammad was unable
    to read or write, but he began  to  dictate  those  inspired words which
    would soon revolutionize a  large  segment  of  the earth: 'There is one

    "In all things Muhammad was  profoundly  practical. When his beloved son
    Ibrahim died,  an  eclipse  occurred,  and  rumours  of  God's  personal
    condolence quickly arose. Whereupon  Muhammad is said to have announced,
    'An eclipse is a phenomenon of  nature.  It is foolish to attribute such
    things to the death or birth of a human being. 

    "At Muhammad's own death an  attempt  was made to deify him, but the man
    who was to become his administrative  successor killed the hysteria with
    one of the noblest speeches  in  religious  history:  'If  there are any
    among you who worshipped  Muhammad,  he  is  dead.  But if it is God you
    worshipped,  He  lives  forever."   --James  A.  Michener,  "Islam:  The
    Misunderstood Religion,"  in  READER'S  DIGEST  (American  edition), May
    1955, pp. 68-70. 

    "My choice of Muhammad to lead the list  of the world's most influential
    persons may surprise some readers  and  may be questioned by others, but
    he was the only man in history who was  supremely successful on both the
    religious and secular level."  --Michael  H. Hart, THE 100: A RANKING OF
    THE MOST INFLUENTIAL  PERSONS  IN  HISTORY,  New  York:  Hart Publishing
    Company, Inc., 1978, p. 33. 

 5. THE SWORD OF ISLAM ............................................. from III&E 

    The first few who embraced the  "new"  religion in Makkah in the Arabian
    Peninsula at the hands  of  the  Prophet,  were  his  wife Khadijah, his
    servant Zaid and  his  eleven-year-old  cousin  Ali.  Among the ones who
    later joined this faith were the honest merchant, Abu Bakr; the iron man
    of Arabia, Umar the Great; the shy  businessman,  Uthman;  the Prophet's
    brave uncle Hamza and a slave of a  pagan,  Bilal.  They simply couldn't
    resist the MAGIC SWORD of a humble  and  lonely  Prophet! The negligible
    minority of the believers in this new  Faith was soon exiled from Makkah
    and they arrived in the city called  Yathrab which later became known as
    MADINAH. The Muslim emigrants to Madinah  brought their SWORD with them.
    The SWORD continued  to  "pull"  people  towards  it  until the whole of
    Arabia joined the Faith. Compared  to  the population of the rest of the
    world at that time, the Arabs constituted a tiny minority. A fraction of
    this minority decided to take  the  SWORD  beyond  the boundaries of the
    Arabian desert to the mighty  empires  of Rome and Persia, the shores of
    the Mediterranean, the coast  of  Malabar  and  the far away East Indies
    Islands. People after people  continued  surrendering  to this SWORD and
    joining the Faith. 

    So sharp was the edge of  the  SWORD!  It  simply  conquered the hearts;
    bodies yielded automatically. It is the SWORD OF TRUTH, whose mere shine
    eliminates falsehood just like light wipes away darkness. 

 6. Has the sword gone Blunt? No, far from it. ..................... from III&E 

    It continues to pierce the hearts of  countless men and women even today
    - in spite of the relentless  efforts  by  persons with vested interests
    who like darkness to prevail, so that  they may rob people of their good

    Read below the impressions of some  who  were  recently conquered by the
    same SWORD. They are from different countries, speak different languages
    and have different backgrounds. Their  present addresses are also given.
    Perhaps you may like to ask them how  it feels to be struck by the SWORD
    OF TRUTH. 

    1. LEOPOLD WEISS (now Mohammad  Asad):  Austrian  statesman, journalist,
    former foreign correspondent  for  the  Frankfuerter  Zeitung; author of
    ISLAM AT THE CROSSROADS and ROAD TO  MECCA and translator of the Qur'an.
    He embraced Islam in 1926. (1) 

    "Islam appears to me like a perfect  work of Architecture. All its parts
    are harmoniously conceived to complement and support each other. Nothing
    is superfluous  and  nothing  lacking,  with  the  result of an absolute
    balance and solid composure." 

    2. AHMED HOLT:  British  Civil  Contractor,  traveler  in  search of the
    Divine truth, spent much of his  time  in research and comparative study
    of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. He embraced Islam in 1975. (2) 

    "The SWORD OF  ISLAM  is  not  the  sword  of  steel.  I  know  this  by
    experience, because the sword of Islam struck deep into my own heart. It
    didn't bring death, but it brought  a  new life; it brought an awareness
    and it brought an awakening as to who am I and what am I and for what am
    I here?" 

    3. BOGDAN DOPANSKI (now Bogdan  Ataullah  Kopanski):  Originally Polish,
    now American; Ph.D. in history  and  politics,  had  a  very interesting
    journey to Islam and faced severe hardships; was imprisoned twice by the
    Polish communist regime (1968, 1981-82). He embraced Islam in 1974. (3) 

    "When I was 12 years old I rejected illogical and contradictory faith of
    the Church. Two years later  in  1962  -  I was fascinated by victorious
    struggle of the Algerian Muslim  mujahideen  against French colonialism.
    It was the first ARROW of Islam.... The high school and earliest days of
    my education in the  University,  I  was  a  typical  example  of 'rebel
    generation' of Reds.... My way to  the  truth  of Al-Qur'an was slow and
    unpaved.... In 1974 I visited Turkey, I wrote my M.A. dissertation about
    Sultan and Caliph Suleiman  Kanuni's  policy towards the Polish Kingdom.
    There, I was hit by the most beautiful  voice of mankind, the ADHAN, the
    call to prayer. My hair stood up.  An  unknown  powerful force led me to
    old masjid in Istanbul. There, old  smiling  Turkish, bearded men taught
    me WUZU, ablution. I confessed to  tears  SHAHADAH and I prayed my first
    SALAH Maghrib.... I swept out the rubbish  ideologies.... The first time
    in my life, my mind was relaxed  and  I felt pleasure of Allah's love in
    my heart. I was a Muslim...." 

    4. VENGATACHALAM  ADIYAR  (now  Abdullah  Adiyar):  Indian,  noted Tamil
    writer and journalist; worked as a  news  editor in Dr. M. Karunanidhi's
    daily MURASOLI for 17 years; assisted  3 former Chief Ministers of Tamil
    Nadu. Received  Kalaimamani  Award  (Big  Gem  of  Arts) from Tamil Nadu
    Government in 1982. He embraced Islam in 1987. (4) 

    "In Islam I found suitable replies to nagging queries arising in my mind
    with regard to the theory of creation,  status of woman, creation of the
    universe, etc. The life history of  the  Holy  Prophet attracted me very
    much and made it easy for me  to  compare  with  other world leaders and
    their philosophies." 

    5. HERBERT HOBOHM (now  Aman  Hobohm):  German  diplomat, missionary and
    social  worker.  An  intellectual  who   has  been  serving  the  German
    diplomatic missions in various parts  of the world. Presently working as
    Cultural Attache in German Embassy in Riyadh. He embraced Islam in 1941.

    "I  have  lived  under  different  systems  of  life  and  have  had the
    opportunity  of  studying  various  ideologies,  but  have  come  to the
    conclusion that none is perfect as Islam.  None of the systems has got a
    complete code of a noble life.  Only  Islam has it; and that is why good
    men embrace it. Islam is  not  theoretical;  it  is  practical. It means
    complete submission to the will of God." 

    6. CAT STEVENS (now Yousuf Islam):  British;  formerly a Christian and a
    world famous pop singer. He embraced Islam in 1973. (6) 

    "It will be wrong to judge Islam  in  the  light of the behavior of some
    bad Muslims who are always shown on  the media. It is like judging a car
    as a bad one if the driver of the car  is drunk and he bangs it into the
    wall.  Islam  guides  all  human  beings  in  the  daily  life  - in its
    spiritual, mental and physical dimensions.  But we must find the sources
    of these instructions, the Qur'an  and  the example of the Prophet. Then
    we can see the ideal of Islam." 

    7. MS. MARGARET MARCUS  (now  Maryam   Jamilah):  American,  formerly  a
    Jewess, essayist and an author  of  many  books.  She  embraced Islam in
    1962. (7) 

    "The authority of Islamic Morals  and  Laws  proceeds from Almighty God.
    Pleasure and happiness  in  Islam  are  but  the  natural  byproducts of
    emotional satisfaction in one's duties conscientiously performed for the
    pleasure of  God  to  achieve  salvation.  In  Islam  duties  are always
    stressed above rights. Only in  Islam  was  my quest for absolute values
    satisfied. Only in Islam did I  at  last  find  all that was true, good,
    beautiful and which  gives  meaning  and  direction  to  human  life and

    8. WILFRIED HOFMAN (now Murad  Hofman):  Ph.D.  in law (Harvard); German
    social scientist and diplomat;  presently  German Ambassador in Algeria.
    He embraced Islam in 1980. (8) 

    "For some time now, striving for more  and more precision and brevity, I
    have tried to put on paper,  in  a  systematic  way,  all  philosophical
    truths, which in my view, can be ascertained beyond reasonable doubt. In
    the course of this effort it  dawned  on me that the typical attitude of
    an agnostic is not an intelligent  one;  that man simply cannot escape a
    decision to believe; that the  createdness  of  what exists around us is
    obvious; that Islam  undoubtedly  finds  itself  in the greatest harmony
    with overall reality. Thus I  realize,  not  without shock, that step by
    step, in spite of  myself  and  almost  unconsciously,  in  feeling  and
    thinking I have grown into a  Muslim.  Only one last step remained to be
    taken: to formalize my  conversion.  As  of  today I am a Muslim. I have

    9. CASSIUS  CLAY  (now  Muhammad  Ali):   American;  three  times  World
    Heavyweight Champion, formerly a  Christian.  He embraced Islam in 1965.

    "I have had many nice moments in  my  life. But the feelings I had while
    standing on Mount Arafat on the  day  of HAJJ (Muslims' pilgrimage), was
    the most unique.  I  felt  exalted  by   the   indescribable   spiritual
    atmosphere there as over a million  and  a  half pilgrims invoked God to
    forgive them of their sins and bestow on them His choicest blessings. It
    was an exhilarating experience  to  see  people  belonging  to different
    colors, races and nationalities, kings, heads of states and ordinary men
    from very poor countries all clad in  two simple white sheets praying to
    God without any sense of either pride or inferiority. It was a practical
    manifestation of the concept of equality in Islam." 

    (Speaking to the daily "Al-Madinah," Jeddah, 15 July, 1989.) 

    These were the impressions of  a  few  persons  who  had themselves been
    struck by the SWORD OF TRUTH, that is, the Message of Islam. 


    1. M.K. GANDHI: "....I became more  than  ever convinced that it was not
    the sword that won a place  for  Islam  in  those  days in the scheme of
    life. It was the rigid  simplicity,  the  utter  self-effacement  of the
    prophet, the scrupulous regard for his  pledges, his intense devotion to
    his friends and  followers,  his  intrepidity,   his  fearlessness,  his
    absolute trust in God and in his  own  mission. These, and not the sword
    carried everything before them  and  surmounted  every  trouble."  YOUNG
    INDIA, 1924. (10) 

    2. EDWARD GIBBON: "The greatest success  of Mohammad's life was effected
    by sheer moral force without  the  stroke  of  a  sword." HISTORY OF THE
    SARACEN EMPIRE, London, 1870. 

    3. A.S. TRITTON: "The picture  of  the  Muslim  soldier advancing with a
    sword in one hand and the Qur'an  in  the  other is quite false." ISLAM,
    London, 1951, page 21. (12) 

    4. DE LACY O'LEARY: "History makes it clear, however, that the legend of
    fanatical Muslims, sweeping  through  the world and forcing Islam at the
    point of sword upon  conquered  races  is  one of the most fantastically
    absurd myths that historians have  ever  repeated." ISLAM AT CROSSROADS,
    London, 1923, page 8. 

    5. K.S. RAMAKRISHNA RAO: "My  problem  to write this monograph is easier
    because we are not generally fed now on that (distorted) kind of history
    and much time need not be spent on  pointing  out our misrepresentations
    of Islam. The theory of Islam and sword,  for instance, is not heard now
    in any quarter worth the  name.  The  principle  of  Islam,  there is no
    compulsion in religion, is well  known."  MOHAMMED THE PROPHET OF ISLAM,
    Riyadh, 1989, page 4. 

    6. JAMES A MICHENER: "No other religion  in history spread so rapidly as
    Islam... The West has widely  believed  that  this surge of religion was
    made possible by the sword. But no modern scholar accepts that idea, and
    the Qur'an is explicit in support  of  the  freedom conscience." ISLAM -

    7. LAWRENCE  E.  BROWNE:  "Incidentally   these  well-established  facts
    dispose of the idea so widely  fostered  in  Christian writings that the
    Muslims, wherever they went, forced  people to accept Islam at the point
    of the sword." THE PROSPECTS OF ISLAM, London 1944. 


 7. CHOOSING ISLAM: ONE MAN'S TALE ................................. from III&E 

    I became a Muslim when it seemed  I  had  already  accepted  Islam in my
    bones, as if beyond choice, and I only  had to make a leap to embrace it
    formally.  Outwardly  I  was  content;   inwardly  I  was  coasting.  My
    three-year-old theatre company was disbanded after a hilariously chaotic
    production for a Tim Leary Benefit  at  the Family Dog in San Francisco,
    circa '68 -- naturally the orange  juice  everyone had passed around was
    spiked, so that chorus members  were  doing the final scene in the first
    ten minutes -- and for six  months  I  had  been methodically typing out
    poetry manuscripts in  my  attic  in   Berkeley  preparatory  to  a  big
    publishing peak. 

    I considered myself a Zen  Buddhist.  But I was other things as well. My
    normal routine was to get up, sit zazen,  smoke a joint, do half an hour
    of yoga, then read the  "Mathnawi"  of  Rumi,  the long mystical poem of
    that great Persian Sufi of the thirteenth century. 

    Then I met the man who was to  be  my  guide  to our teacher in Morocco,
    Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib, may  Allah  be  pleased with him. At first
    the meeting was simply remarkable, and my guide simply a remarkable man.
    But soon our  encounter  was  to  become  extraordinary,  leading  to  a
    revolution in my life from which I  have  never recovered and never hope

    The man looked like an eccentric  Englishman.  He  too had only recently
    come out of the English  version  of  the  Hippie  Wave.  He  was older,
    refined in his  manners,  spectacularly  witty  and intellectual, but of
    that kind prevalent then who had hobnobbed with the Beatles and knew the
    Tantric Art collection of Brian Jones  firsthand. He had been on all the
    classic drug quests --  peyote  in  the  Yucatan,  mescaline  with Laura
    Huxley -- but with the kif quest in Morocco he had stumbled on Islam and
    then the Sufis, and the game was  up.  A profound change had taken place
    in his life that went far beyond the psychedelic experience. 

    =46or the three days following our  meeting,  two  other Americans and I
    listened in awe as this magnificent  storyteller unfolded the picture of
    Islam, of the perfection of the Prophet  Muhammad, peace be upon him, of
    the Sufis of Morocco, and of the 100-year-old plus Shaykh, sitting under
    a great fig tree in a  garden  with  his  disciples  singing  praises of
    Allah. It was  everything  I'd  always  dreamed  of.  It was poetry come
    alive. It was the visionary experience made part of daily life, with the
    Prophet  a  perfectly  balanced  master  of  wisdom  and  simplicity, an
    historically accessible  Buddha,  with  a  mixture  of the earthiness of
    Moses, the otherworldliness of Jesus, and a light all his own. 

    The prophetic knowledge our guide  talked  about was a kind of spiritual
    existentialism. It was a matter of how  you enter a room, which foot you
    entered with, that you  sipped  water  but  gulped  milk, that you said,
    "Bismillah" (In the Name  of  Allah)  before  eating  or  drinking,  and
    "Al-hamdulillah" (Praise be to Allah)  afterwards, and so on. But rather
    than seeing this as a burden of hundreds of "how-to's," it was more like
    what the LSD experience taught  us,  that  there  is a "right" way to do
    things that has, if you  will,  a  cosmic  resonance.  It  is a constant
    awareness of courtesy  to  the  Creator  and  His  creation  that itself
    ensures and almost visionary intensity. 

    It is hard to put forward any kind  of  explanation  of Islam, to try to
    suggest the beauty of  its  totality,  through  the medium of words. The
    light of Islam, since it is  transformational  and alchemical in nature,
    almost always comes via a human  messenger  who  is a transmitter of the
    picture by his very being. 

    Face to face with our guide,  what  struck  us  most was his impeccable,
    noble behavior. He seemed to be  living  what he was saying. Finally the
    moment came, as a surprise, when he  confronted me with my life. "Well,"
    he said one morning after three  full  days  of rapturous agreement that
    what he was bringing to us was the best  thing we'd ever heard, "What do
    you think? Do you want to become a Muslim?" 

    I hedged. "It's the most beautiful thing  I've heard about so far. After
    all my Zen Buddhism, all my yoga, Tibetan Buddhism and Hindu gurus, this
    is certainly it! But I think I  would  like  to travel a little, see the
    world, go to Afghanistan (then  unoccupied),  maybe  meet my Shaykh in a
    mountain village far off somewhere." 

    "That's not good enough. You have to decide now. Yes or no. If it's yes,
    then we start on a great adventure. If it's no, then no blame, I've done
    my duty. I'll just say goodbye and go  on my way. But you have to decide
    now. I'll go downstairs and read a magazine and wait. Take your time." 

    When he had left the room I saw there  was no choice. My whole being had
    already acquiesced. All my years up to that moment simply rolled away. I
    was face-to-face with worship of Allah, wholly and purely, with the Path
    before me well-trodden,  heavily  signposted,  with  a guide to a Master
    plunk in front of me. Or  I  could  reject  all  of  this  for a totally
    self-invented and uncertain future. 

    It was the day of my birthday, just  to make it that much more dramatic.
    I chose Islam. 

    -- Abd al-Hayy Moore 

    Mr. Abd al-Hayy Moore has two  books  of poetry published by City Lights
    under the name Daniel  Moore.  He's   traveled  extensively,  living  in
    England, Morocco, Algeria, Nigeria  and  Spain.  Mr. Moore is a talented
    writer and poet, and has turned his  talents in writing for Islam. He is
    a contributor to "The Minaret" and  other  publications. His more recent
    publications are  "The  Chronicles  of  Akhira,"  "Halley's  Comet"  and
    Holograms. His writings  and  publications  may  be obtained from Zilzal
    Press, 126 North Milpas Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93103, U.S.A. 

    Published with the permission of:
    1) Whole Earth Review
    27 Gate Five Road
    Sausilito, CA 94965

    2) Abd al-Hayy Moore
    The III&E is grateful for his kind permission.

    Reprinted from Whole Earth Review No. 49, Winter 1985

 8. Who can I ask questions on Islam? ......................................... 

    A- The Institute of Islamic Information and Education
       P.O. Box 41129
       Chicago, IL 60641-0129 U.S.A.
       Fax:  (312)  777-7199     
       Tel:  (312)  777-7443


    B- The Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA)

       Non-Muslims interested to learn about Islam can now dial toll-free


    The phone number has been set up by  the Islamic Circle of North America
    (ICNA) exclusively  for  non-Muslims.  The  number became operational on
    August 30, 1994.  

    Note: The last letter 'M' in the telephone number is optional.

    C- Islam on Phone 

       Islam-on-the-Phone  (312) 777-0767
       Ask for a list of questions and codes. Provided by III&E.


    1. (deceased) 

    2. Ahmad Holt, 23 Welland Garden Perivale, Middlesex UB6 8SZ, U.K. 

    3. Bogdan Ataullah Kopanski, 3013 Harrel Drive, Grand Prairie, TX 75051. 

    4. Abdullah  Adiyar,  1  Ashok  Avenue,   Rangarajapuram,   Kodambakkam,

    5. Aman Hobohm, Cultural  Attache,  P.O.  Box  8974, Riyadh 11492, Saudi

    6. Yousuf Islam, Chairman, Muslim Aid, 3 Furlong Road, London, N7, U.K. 

    7. Maryam  Jamilah,  c/o  Mohammad   Yusuf  Khan,  Sant  Nagar,  Lahore,

    8. Murad Hofman, Ambassador, Embassy  of Federal Republic of Germany, BP
    664, Alger-gare, Algeria. 

    9. Muhammad Ali, c/o Masjid  Al-Faatir,  1200 East 49th Street, Chicago,
    IL 60615. 

    NOTE: 10. Twentieth century champion of non-violence who lead the Indian
    movement of freedom from British colonization. 

 9. Indroductory Publications ...................................... from III&E 


    1. III&E Brochure Series may be obtained from the address given below. 

    Kazi Publications, Chicago, IL. 

    3. ISLAM IN  FOCUS  by  H.  Abdulati,   American   Trust  Publications,
    Indianapolis, IN. 

    4. THE BIBLE, THE QUR'AN AND SCIENCE by Maurice Bucaille, American Trust
    Publications, Indianapolis, IN. 

    5. QUR'AN, AN INTRODUCTION by A.R. Doi, Kazi Publications, Chicago, IL. 

    6. HADITH, AN INTRODUCTION by A.R. Doi, Kazi Publications, Chicago, IL. 

    Inner Traditions International, Rochester, VT. 

    8. LIFE OF MUHAMMAD by A.H. Siddiqi, Kazi Publications, Chicago, IL. 

    9. HISTORY OF ISLAM  by  Masud-ul-Hasan,  Islamic  Publications, Lahore,
    Pakist= an. 

    10. THE CULTURAL ATLAS OF ISLAM by I.R. al-Faruqi and Lois L. al-Faruqi,
    Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, NY. 

 Announcements ................................................................

10. Archive Info .............................................................. 

    This FAQ is archived  at  several  sites  and  is  available  for public
    retrieval thru anonymous FTP, E-MAIL, Gopher & World Wide Web. 

                              -- Anonymous FTP --

	Login: anonymous
	Password: Your e-mail address

	Dir: /pub/usenet/news.answers/islam-faq/

	Dir: /pub/usenet/news.answers/islam-faq/
	Dir: /pub/calmsa/islam-faq/

                                  -- E-MAIL --

    Send E-mail to: 

    Text of E-mail Message: 

    send usenet/news.answers/islam-faq/part5

                                  -- GOPHER --

        Site: 70
        Path:                 Computing Information/
                              CCO anonymous ftp archive/

        Site: 70
        Path:                 Resources relating to Islam/

                           -- World-Wide-Web (WWW) --

    One recommended interface is 'mosaic,' below are mosaic 'home pages.' 

URL at USENET Archive site:

URL at Caltech MSA site:

11. Credits ................................................................... 

    The author wishes to thank all those who contributed in any capacity for
    the original one part FAQ or this multi-part FAQ. 

                                 -- SOURCES --

    The basic  introduction  and  literature  presented  in  the FAQ is from
    brochures on Islam distributed  by  Institute  of  Islamic Information &
    Education (III&E). These  brochures  were  typed  in  electronic form by

    The  information  on   soc.religion.islam  forum  (in  Part  2) has been
    compiled  from   USENET   archives   and  administrative  logs  of
    Soc.Religion.Islam moderator panel. 

    What is III&E? 

    III&E is an acronym for the Institute of Islamic Information & Education
    which was  established  in  Chicago,  Illinois  in  1985.  The  III&E is
    registered in the  State  of  Illinois  and  recognized  by the Internal
    Revenue Service (IRS) as a not-for-profit religious organization. 

    More information can be obtained by  contacting Dr. M. Amir, III&E, P.O.
    Box 41129, Chicago,  IL  60641-0129,  U.S.A.;  Fax:  (312)  777-7199; or
    or Tel: (312) 777-7443.

                                  -- FORMAT --

    The format of the FAQ series  has  been  done  by utilizing resources of
    Islamic Information & News  Network  (IINN).  A  custom program, Nebula,
    written by editors of IINN for generating newsletters has been used. 

    What is IINN? 

    Islamic Information & News Network  is  a forum dedicated to educate the
    network community on issues relating to Islam and Muslims in an academic
    & non-political environment.  Weekly  digest is available on internet by
    subscribing to  MUSLIMS@ASUACAD.BITnet  (A  Bitnet listserv list) and on
    USENET: bit.listserv.muslims. 

                               -- Permissions --

    Permission to  post  this  multi-part  FAQ  has  been  obtained  by  the

	o	Institute of Islamic Information & Education (III&E)
	o 	Islamic Information & News Network (Muslims@PSUVM.bitnet) 
	o 	Moderator(s) of News.Answers (Thomas Khoenig & P.Huang)

# End of Islam FAQ Part 5 #

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Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:11 PM