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soc.culture.bulgaria FAQ (monthly posting) (part 9/10)

( Part0 - Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Part7 - Part8 - Part9 )
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Last-Modified: July 17, 2000
Posting-Frequency: Monthly
Version: 4.11
Archive-Name: bulgaria-faq/part9

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge

21-1 Bulgarian Cuisine
(by Rossen Zlatev), last updated: 31-Dec-1991
    Because of its geographical position and long history Bulgarian
cuisine is a mixture between the best parts of the Slavonic, Greek and Turkish
cuisines. National specialities include: Shopska salad (sliced tomatoes,
cucumbers, peppers and parsley topped with grated sheep's cheese); and
tarator ( a cold soup of chopped cucumber, walnuts and yogurt) perfect
for hot summer days. White sheep's cheese baked with eggs is another
favorite. Other typical items on the menu include kebapcheta (minced
meat rolled into sausage shapes and grilled), kavarma (individual
casseroles of pork or veal, onions and mushrooms), shishkebab, stuffed
vine or cabbage leaves and moussaka. Yogurt too, tastes better in Bulgaria,
its country of origin.
    Bulgarian wines are the perfect companion for Bulgarian food. The
choice is wide. However, you can tell the best wine by their controlled
label of origin guaranteeing that they have been made from special
varieties of grapes grown in specific localities. Beer is also very
popular in Bulgaria. The brands are not as popular as German and
Czechoslovakian ones but they are very delicious. Aperitifs are both
familiar and unusual in taste. Local ones include Slivovitz, grape brandy
and Mastika which are usually accompanied by salad or appetizers.
    Apart from the usual deserts and sweets that can be found all over
the Europe, Turkish sweets are also very popular. Some of them are:"baklava"
(flaky pastry stuffed with pistachio nuts in syrup) and "kadayif" (shredded
wheat stuffed with nuts in syrup). A great choice of fruits and vegetables
is available as well.

21-2 Bulgarian cuisine 
(by Rumi Radenska)
Bulgaria is a relatively old state. It was founded in 7th century a.d.
From that time until the 18th century Bulgarian people used to eat the usual
for Europeans food: meats, fish, bread, raw fruits and vegetables.
By the end of the 18th and especially in the 19th century Bulgarian people
developed their specific cuisine. Basic ingredients in the Bulgarian
kitchen are:
1. Meats: pork, beef, lamb, chicken, fish.
2. Dairy products: the main type of milk Bulgarians eat is plain yogurt.
They prepare it generally from cow milk, but you can get yogurt made
from sheep milk or buffalo-cow milk, which are much more tasty than cow yogurt.
Almost everyone in Bulgaria eats yogurt every day - from age of 3 months until
his/her death. There are two main kinds of cheese: feta (white cheese) and
yellow cheese. Feta is two types: cow feta and sheep feta. Bulgarians prefer
to use cow feta in cooking and to eat sheep feta. Yellow cheese is used
as in the U.S. You can buy original Bulgarian feta in Mediterranean stores
in the U.S.
3. Rice, corn, beans, lentils.
4. Vegetables: potatos, cabbage(green and red), carrots, tomatos, green peppers,
eggplants, cucumbers, garlic, zucchini, pumpkin, onions (yellow and green),
peas, celery, spinach, cauliflower, lima beans, lettuce, radishes,
turnip, gumbo, mushrooms, olives.
5. Fruits: cherries, raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, blackberries,
apples, peaches, pears, plums, apricots, watermelons, melons, grapes, quinces,
6. Nuts: peanuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, chestnuts.
7. Spices: parsley, mint, savory, paprika.
8. Herbs: many different, from thyme to milfoil. They are used in cooking and
for herb teas.
All these basic ingredients are grown in Bulgaria.
By the end of the last century Bulgaria extended its economic connections with
Middle and West European countries. This way, little by little, people in
Bulgaria started to use some common European foods like pasta, mayonnaise,
cream, and also some fruits and vegetables which are not grown in the country.
Today the Bulgarian cuisine is a mixture of typical Bulgarian courses and
common for all world foods.
In the restaurants you may purchase steaks, chops, hamburgers usually roasted,
broiled or barbequed with garnish from potatos, beans, salad and Bulgarian type
of salsa called luttennitza. In the largest cities of the country there are
special restaurants for fried chicken, fish, pizza, spaghetti. In the capital
Sofia you can taste in a special restaurants German, Russian, Italian, Korean,
Vietnamese, and Japanese food. Traveling in the countryside you can always
buy near the road 'kebbabchetta' and 'kyuftetta' - Bulgarian barbequed
hamburgers with oblong or round shape.
Home cooking is more varying and depends on many factors, but the most
important one is the family cooking tradition. For example, I'm still cooking
some courses my grandmother used to cook a long time ago. Although Bulgaria is
a small country, there is a difference in cooking traditions between its North
and South parts.
A distinctive feature of Bulgarian home cooking is that you start with the
cooking of the meat and gradually adding all other ingredients. At the end of
the cooking you have completely finished the course in one sausepan. This method
saves time, especially if you work from scratch.
Meat (pork, beef or chicken) - 1 1/2 lb.
1 yellow onion
1 carrot
1 stick selery
1 Italian pepper
1 tsp. paprika
1 tsp. salt
5 potatos
1 can (6-8 oz.) tomato sause
2 tbsp. parsley
2 cups hot water
1/4 cup vegetable oil (optionally)
If you'd like to try, follow the steps:
1. Cut the meat into 2" pieces. Put in the sausepan with the salt, cover and
cook on the top of the range at medium heat, stiring ocasionally. At this point
you can add the oil.
2. Meanwhile, peel onion and carrot and chop them finely. Add to meat and
stir. Slice selery and green pepper, add and stir. In 5 min. add paprika, stir,
add water.
3. Cover and cook 1/2 hour. Meanwile peel potatos and cut them into cubes. Add
to meat, cook 15 min.
4. Add tomato sause, cook 5 min. Add parsley. Swich off the oven, let stay on
it for 10 min. Serve. Makes 4-6 servings.
Note. If you cook chicken, reduce cooking time in step 3 to 10 min. instead of
1/2 hour.
Although slow cooking was very appreciated in the old Bulgarian kitchen,
today many Bulgarian women prefer quick dishes.
Some easy typical Bulgarian recipies:
1/2 head lettuce (your favorite type), finely chopped
1 cucumber, cut into two longwise and sliced
2 large tomatos, cut into two and sliced
1 bunch green onions, cut into 1/2" pieces
1 stick selery, sliced
1/2 bunch of each: parsley, dill and mint, finely chopped
Salad dressing, made from 4 tbsp vegetable or olive oil, 4 tbsp lemon juice and
1/2 tsp salt.
Put all ingredients in a large bowl, mix well and serve. Makes 4-6 servings.
1 lb. plain yogurt
1 1/2 cups cold water
1 peeled and finelly choped cucumber
2 cloves garlic, pound up
4 tbsp vegetable or olive oil
1 tsp salt
2 tbsp fresh dill
1/2 finelly chopped walnuts (optional)
In a large bowl mix yogurt and water untill smooth. Add all other ingredients,
stir well. Serve. Makes 6-8 servings. In hot summer days you can add  1 cube
ice in each serving bowl.
(Garnish for broiled of barbequed meats)
1 can (8 oz.) Contadina tomato paste
1/2 cup cold water
1/4 cup vegetable or olive oil
1/2 tsp salt
1/2 tsp ground black pepper
1 bunch green onions, finely chopped
1/2 bunch fresh parsley, finely chopped
2 cloves garlic, pound up.
In a medium size bowl mix well all ingredients. Serve. Makes 4-6 servings.
I'm grateful for this recepie to Mrs. Violetta Peev from Oakton, VA.
1 eggplant, baked, peeled and cut into cubes
1/2 cup tomato paste
6 italian peppers, baked, peeled, seedless, cut
1/3 cup vegetable or olive oil
1/4 cup wine vinegar or lemon juice
1/2 tsp salt
1/2 tsp black pepper
1 bunch parsley, chopped
4 cloves garlic, chopped
Put all ingredients in the blender. Mix at high for 2 min. Serve.
2 lb. lamb, cut into 1 1/2" pieces
5 bunches of green onions, cut into 1" pieces
2 cups hot water, divided
1 tsp salt
1 tsp paprika
1 tsp black pepper
2 tbsp butter (optionally)
Put lamb in wide, but not deep sausepan. Add 1/2 cup hot water and if desired,
butter, cover. Put on the top of range at medium heat for 2 hours. In 1/2 hour
add onions, salt, paprika, black pepper and 1/2 cup hot water, stir. Cook for
another 1/2 hour, add 1/2 cup hot water, stir. Repeat the latter in 1/2 hour,
using the last 1/2 cup hot water. Cover and cook for 1/2 hour. Switch off
the range, let stay for 15 min. Serve warm.
In old times and now every Bulgarian family eats BANITZA on holidays as a
dessert. In the BANITZA, prepared for Christmas, one puts wishes for happy,
healty, and successful year.
12 fillo sheets (leaves)
8 oz. crumbled feta cheese
5 eggs, divided
1 stick butter or margarine or 1/2 stick butter and 1/2 stick margarine
1 1/2 cup Seltzer soda (or other type, but colorless)
1/2 cup granulated sugar (optionally)
Preheat oven to 375. Grease 9X13X1 1/2" pan. In a small bowl put 4 eggs and
feta cheese, mix well. Put the first fillo sheet on the bottom of the pan,
sprinkle with one tbsp melted butter, repeat with 3 more sheets. On the 4th
sheet put 1/2 of the egg-cheese mixture, spread it on the sheet. Order the same
way the next 4 sheets, put the other half of the egg-cheese mixture, cover
with the last 4 fillo sheets.
Cut the BANNITZA into squares with sharp knife. Pour the rest of the butter
on the cuttings. Combine egg and soda, mix well and pour on the top of the
BANNITZA. Bake 20-25 min. or until golden-brown. Take out of the oven,
sprinkle with cold water, cover with paper towel and kitchen fabric towel,
and let stay for 10 min. Serve hot. If desired, before serving sift with
granulated sugar. Makes 12 servings.
You can reheat the BANNITZA in a microwave for 3 min. or in a regular oven
for 10 min. at 375. Serve for breakfast with plain yogurt.
Note. When working with fillo leaves, follow strictly instructions outside
the box.
Bulgarian people prepare many vegetarian foods, different pancakes, salads,
Hope you enjoy reading/eating.
21-3 How to make baklava 
(by Chris Kantarjiev)
Baklava is claimed by almost every Balkan state as its own invention;
most people in the United States first encounter it in Greek
restaurants.  If the truth were known, it's probably the Turkish who
invented it, as is the case for many other ``typically Greek'' dishes.
This recipe comes from my Bulgarian grandmother, and follows Bulgarian
tradition, in that the filling is very simple.
Ingredients - Makes two small pans
1 lb strudel dough (or fillo leaves)
1 lb unsalted butter, well melted. Salted butter or margarine
        are not acceptable.
1 lb walnut meat, chopped medium fine
1/4 cup sugar
1 tsp vanilla (or use vanilla sugar)
4 cups sugar
2 cups water
1 tsp lemon juice
1.  Heat oven to 300 to 325 (fahrenheit).
2.  Make the syrup first.  Boil the water and sugar for 15 minutes.
Add lemon juice, boil 10 more minutes, set aside to cool.
3.  Make the filling:  Mix all ingredients well.  I prefer the walnuts
fairly coarse; some people like them quite fine.
4.   Cut the dough with scissors to the size of the tray.  Handle the
dough very carefully; do not press hard on it at any time.  Cover with
wax paper and damp towel.
5.   Take out one sheet of dough at a time and place it in the pan.
Brush the dough with melted butter between each layer.  Continue until
you have about 12 sheets buttered.  Small and broken pieces of dough
can be used in the center, but there must be butter between every two
6.   Spread walnut filling across the tray.
7.   Put on a sheet of dough, brush on butter, and continue until all
the dough is used up.
8.   Cut into diamond shapes: cut into quarters with cuts parallel to
the long axis, then cut diagonally across.  Don't press hard!
9.   Bake for about 1\(12 hour, until golden brown.  Be careful not to
burn the bottom or the walnuts, especially with a glass pan.
10.  Let cool on rack for 5 minutes.  Add syrup which should have
cooled to room temperature.  Let cool for at least two hours before
Probably the hardest thing about this recipe is waiting those last two
Depending on where you go, you'll hear the name of this dish pronounced
different ways.  I learned to pronounce the name with all /ah/ sounds,
with accents of equal intensity on both the first and third syllable.
The second syllable is quite faint.  Greek-speaking persons typically
put a heavy accent on the second syllable.
Many variations on the filling are to be found.  A simple one was
mentioned above, regarding the coarseness of grind of the walnuts in
the filling.  They may even be ground.  Spices such as chopped cloves
or cinnamon may be added, and the filling may be included in several
layers instead of just one.
A large 14x10 inch pan is almost too big to handle. I typically make
this recipe in two 7-3/4x11 inch pans, which is just about the size of
a half sheet of the dough I buy.  By the way, if you can make your own
strudel dough, it will be even better ... but much more effort.
It is best to have a partner help you prepare the pans.  One person
handles the dough and places it in the pan, while the other applies the
butter.  It is very important that sufficient butter be placed between
layers so that each layer gets flaky, rather than having them stick
together.  Pay particular attention to the edges and corners.
In case you haven't noticed, this is very sweet stuff.  It goes great
with a fine cup of coffee, espresso, or Turkish coffee, even with
sugar.  Two pieces will probably fill anyone up; it refrigerates and
freezes quite well.  This recipe requires a lot of effort, but it's
well worth it.
Time:  1-1/2 hours preparation, 1-1/2 hours cooking, 2 hours cooling.

21-4 How to make Bulgarian yogurt in the U.S. 
(by Nikolay Mehandjiev, Rumi Radenska, and others), last updated: 01-Jan-1994
General points:
 1) Boil the milk!
 2) Use only:
      a) yogurt with LIVE "Lactobacillus Bulgaricus" or
      b) dried "Lactobacillus Bulgaricus"
 3) Enjoy the "kiselo mljako"!
RECIPE 1  - offered by Rumi Radenska and verified by many netters
Dear News Readers,
I think that some of you might be interested in a real
old recipe to make your own "kiselo mlyako" (Bulgarian
yogurt). The recipe is the same as the one that I followed
to prepare "kiselo mlyako" in Bulgaria, when my
children were babies. Now I am sucessfully using this
recipe in the U. S.
I am using plain yogurt from the stores in U.S.A. and
regular types of milk:
        1 gallon of milk (1%, 2% or whole milk)
        1 lb. plain yogurt (make sure that the
                label says "with active bacteria",
                no garrantee for success otherwise)
Put milk in large saucepan and heat it over medium heat
till boiling. Put the milk aside and let cool for about
35-45 min. You can check the milk with small
finger -- it (the milk) should be warm, but not very hot
(If you wish you can use termometer: 43-45 C).
Beat yogurt with fork or steel wrisk in a bowl. Add 1 cup
warm milk, mix well. Little by little add yogurt-milk
mixture to the rest of the milk. Mix again.  Pour milk
into glass jars or ceramic bowls with lids. Put jars
on a flat surface. Cover with something that will keep it
warm, as a folded blanket or a sleeping bag (I am using
a sleeping bag). Let it stay for 2 hours and 30 min.
Check "kiselo mlyako" - it should be thick. Let stay uncovered
at room temperature for 30 min. Put in the refrigerator
for 3-4 hours. Enjoy the results.
Makes 8 lb.  Do not forget to save 1 lb. to make next portion
of "kiselo mlyako".
P. S. It is also possible to make "sirene" (Bulgarian white
cheese) at home, but it requires more efforts and "maya"
(east) from Bulgaria. (I have no idea whether it is available
in the U.S.)
RECIPE 2 - Suggested by other netters and used regularly by me without
failure until today:
    *) Boil the milk
    *) Cool down to 60 C and pour into jars.
    *) When around 50 C cover with towels.
    *) When 41-44 C (warm but not very hot for your small finger), put
       1 (heaped) tablespoon of yogurt (with live bacteria) per jar
       (0.5-1 litre).  Mix well using a fork.
    *) Wrap with a woolen pullover and a woolen blanket and put in
       a warm cupboard.
    *) Leave for approx 8 hours.
    *) Uncover. If OK, put in cold water and later in the fridge
       (do not eat it straight away - it is not very tasty warm :-))
       If for some reason not ready yet :
                 .) Put 1 or 2 more tablespoons of yogurt
                 .) Put the jar in 60 C warm water for 30-40 min
                    to warm it up.
                 .) Wrap it well again.
                 .) After 6 hours it will be OK (95% of the cases).

21-5 Yoghourt
(by Veselin Miladinov), last updated: 18-Jul-1995 (This entry is in Bulgarian)
Kiseloto mlyako se polutcava ot fermentaciyata na laktoza ot dva vida
mletcno kiseli bakterii (MKB) _Lactobacillus bulgaricus_ i _Streptococcus
thermophilus_ Dali kiseloto mlyako shte bqde bqlgarsko ili kakvoto i da
tova sa mikroorganizm ite koito fermentirat lactozata.  Za tova vsyako
kiselo mlyako (yogurt) shte svqrshi rabota dori i tova s plodovete. Nyakoi
(moje bi povetceto) vidove yogurt v USA imat dobaveni _L. acidophilus_ MKB
koito _ne_ utcastvat vqv fermentaciyat a se dobavyat sled tova zashtoto
nyakoi hora vyarvat tce te pomagat za predotvratyavaneto na razlitcni
bolesti.  Razbira se tova ne e dokazano no prodava mlaykoto dobre.  Misqlta
mi e tce ne bih go preporqtcal za prigotvyane na yogurt. Shte stane s
po-razlitcen vkus. 
Edin drug vajen moment e temperaturata.  Kolkoto e po-visoka tolkova
povetce _St. therm_ shte preobladava i rezultata e po-kiselo mlyako i shte
ima synerisis (shte ima voda nad mlyakoto tcesto se slutcva v bg ne se
nahvqrlyate patrioti vsitcki sme bili tam i znaem).  Pri po-niska
temperatura shte se polutci obratnoto yavlenie i mlyakoto nyama da e kiselo
i shte prilitca na pryasno mlyako. Po princip za industrialno proizvodstvo
se incubira 4-8 tcasa pri temperatura 40-45 C.  Za praktitceski nujdi az
bih probval po-niska temperatura okolo 40 C i po dqlgo vreme (e moite dumi
ne tryabva da se vzemat mnogo na seriozno zashtoto mlyakoto koeto sa sqm
pravil e mnogo po skapano ot tova v supera ne bqlgarski obatce) okolo 8 do
10 tcasa.  Ami obshto vzeto dobre e da se experimentira dokato se polutci
gore dolu jelaniya vkus.  Kupuvayte edna i sqshta marka mlyako i varirayte
vremeto i temperaturata.  Kakto nyakoy spomena za bg vkus da se dqrji  v
hladilnik e mnogo dobra ideya.  Tova shte pomogne mlyakoto da ne stane
mnogo kiselo.  Kolkoto do bg vkus az ne znam kakvo e tova v bg vseki den
mlyako ima razlitcen vkus.  Nyakoy spomena da se vari mlyakoto.  Tova ne e
neobhodimo.  Mlyakoto koeto se kupuva ot supera e pastyorizirano.  Kato se
dqrji na toplo sqs MKB te shte podtisnat vsyakakvi drugi gadove.  Zdraviya
razum vse pak izikva nyakakva toplinna obrabotka.  Az bih go nagryal do
okolo temperatura 90 C i bih go dqrjal taka okolo 10 min.  Pova e napqlno
dostatqtcno.  Industriayata izpolzuva okolo 60 C za 30 min.  Bez mnogo
podrobnostti tova shte pomogne i da se namali syneresis-a na yogurta.
Nyakoy drug sqsto beshe spomenal tce slaga 1 and 1/2 tova sqshto e dobra
ideya.  Za da stane dobro mlyako tvqrdite veshtestva tryabva da sa povetce
ot 15%.  E ako iskate po dietitcno mojete da dobavite kqm skim milk suho
skim milk (ako mojete da ponasyate leko gortciviya vkus koyto se  polutcava
kogato mlyakoto pregori).  Ako go varite bqdete vnimatelni da ne zagori
osobeno ako ste dobavili neshto.  Drug trik e da se dobavi malko nisheste i
togava da se podgree do okolo 80- 90 C dokato zapotcne da se sgqstyava.
Po-dobre spored men e da se izpolzuva microwave i mnogo bqrkane otkolkoto
normalna petcka zashtoto na normalno petcka potcti sigurno shte zagori.
Industrialno se izpolzuvat modificirani nishesteta i/ili gums (bg ???)
koyto sqzdavat viskozna masa pri niski temperaturi.  Moje bi v supera moje
da se nameri pregelatini zed starch koeto shte svqrshi dobra rabota i ne
modificirano po himitcen natcin (za lyubitelite na prirodna hrana :)).   S
normalno pryasno mlyako se sqmnyavam tce moje da se polutci kiselo mlyako s
dobra gqstota.  Drug defekt osven izbroenite po gore e da se polutci mlyako
koeto e slimmy (bg ??) togava tryabva da se tqrsi pritcinata ili v staro
kiselo mlyako ili v zamqrsyvane s drojdi ili golym broy "divi" MKB.  Ili v
ne mnogo tcist sqd.  Ako nishto ne se polutcava moje da sa i bakteriofagi
(mnogo malko veroyano pri kiseloto mlyako).  Obshto vzeto sled takqv
slutcay dobro tcistene i izvaryavane na sqdovete e mnogo dobra ideya Sqshto
i tezi 8 uncii mi se struvat malko mnogo obiknoveno se izpolzuva 1%.  Na
edin galon edna supena lqjica e dostatqtcna (a i baba mi slagashe po
tolkova :) hip hip ura sqglasie mejdu industr. i babina recepta) inatce
riskuvate da polutcite neshto mnogo kiselo.  Ako se polutci neshto takova
prosto go svarete i shte polutcite izvara koyato mojete da polzuvate bez
nikakvi zdravni problemi za direktna konsumaciya ili za banica, tolumbi i
tn.  Taka shte imate shans za uspeh 100% samo ne kazvayte predvaritelno
kakvo shte pravite izvara ili mlyako. Vinagi mojete da se izmqknete s
opravdanieto tce tova ste iskali da napravite. 
Haide dobqr apetit na vsitcki.
P.S.  Ne znam dali shte se polutci neshto po-dobro ot tova koeto mojete da
kupite v supera, az litcno sqm mnogo rezerviran osobeno pri pqrvite opiti.
Az go pravya zashtoto e po-eftino kogato shte go polzvam za gotvene.
Kolkoto za bg vkus tova e edin ot mitovete koito ne znam kakvo totcno
oznatcavat.  V USA sqm yal mnogo po-dobro mlyako otkolkoto v BG (kupeno ot
mlekarnicata).  Po dobriyat vkus na domashno prigotvenoto kiselo mlyako v
BG e lesen da se obyasni s pryasnoto prryasno mlyako (obinoveno idvashto ot
kravata v zdniya dvor) i visokoto sqdqrjanie na maznini (okolo 5% i
povetce).  Za sqjalenie povetceto vkusnotii stavat s maznitcki neshta (
vqzdishka ).  Uspeh na vsitcki lyubiteli mlekoproizvoditeli.  Az shte se
izkaja i po vqprosa na turshiite. 

21-6 Marinovani gqbi
(by Iliya Talev), last updated: 28-Jan-1996 (This entry is in Bulgarian)
Tova e recepta za praznichni marinovani gqbi, koyato mi
dade malkata mi dqshterya; tya ya e nauchila ot baba si,
koyato ya znaela ot mayka si, koyato na svoy red nauchila
receptata ot edna rusenska evreyka v nachaloto na veka.

1. polovin kg presni gqbki pechurki (dobqr zamestitel sa
belite gqbi champignon, koito se prodavat v USA i Canada
v paketcheta po 8 oz. za okolo $1.50 US). Izryazvat se
drqjkite, gqbite se izmivat i ozsushavat ili izcejdat
ot vodqta.

2. gqbite se sryazvat na dve, sled koeto se naryazvat na
tqnki filiyki (okolo 2-3 milimetra debelina).

3. obelvat se 4 golemi skilidki chesqn, i se schukvat
v havanche s mnogo sol (kato za tarator),

4. kqm chesqna se dobavya ocet i zehtin (olive oil) v
proporciya edno (ocet) kqm tri (zehtin). Dobavyat se
podpravki kato suh magdanoz, kopqr, cher piper, kimon,
chubrica ili oregano, i kakvoto oshte vi doyde na um.
Vqprosqt tuk e kolko ocet i zehtin. Pochnete c 50 gr
(2 oz) ocet;  ako tazi technost ne e dostatqchna,
napravete oshte smes i dobavete. Razlichni gqbi popivat
razlichno kolichestvo marinada.

5. slojete naryazanite gqbi v golyama panica, zaleyte
gi s marinadata i gi omeshayte dobre. Ako vsichki gqbi
izglejdat namokreni s tchnostta, znachi e dostatqcno.
Ne e nujno na dqnoto na sqda da ostava technost.

6. prehvqrlete gqbite v burkan, zatvorete go s marlya
i go ostavete na stayna temperatura edna nosht. Na
drugiya den bi tryabvalo da sa se marinovali. Samite
gqbi puskat mnogo sok. Slojete gi v hladilnika --
i nazdrve. I spomenavayte rusenskata evreyka (dokolkoto
znam, tova bilo neyno izobretenie).

21-7 Turshiya
(by Veselin Miladinov), last updated: 18-Jul-1995 (This entry is in Bulgarian)
Obshto vzeto turshiyata se pravi klasitceski tcrez fermentacia ot mletcno
kisel i bacterii (MKB).  Obshto vzeto vsitcki fermentirali produkti kato
yogurt, sirene, turshii, salami i tn se pravyat ot tezi gadinki (razlitcni
vidove). Za pravene na turshiya ima i po-lesen natcin pqrvo shte go opisha
nego: Izmivate zelentcucite (zele krastavitcki tcushki i tn) i podpravkite
(magdanoz kopqr i tn) i gi naryazvate na priemliva za vas golemina.
Postavyate gi v burkan koyto moje da se zatvori hermetitceski i dolivate
voda sol i ocet na vkus. Zatvaryate hermetitceski i varite 15 minuti ili
povetce (do 25 min) ako zelentcucite sa po edri.  Ako zelentcucite se
razpadnat mnogo ste gi varili :)) ako mojete da gi yadete (ot estetitceska
gledna totcka) yajte gi.  Ako sled okolo mesec burkanite se poduyat ne ste
varili dostatqtcno.  Konsumaciya predi iztitcaneto na edin mesec ne se
preporqtcva zashtoto oceta i solta nyama da proniknat vqv zelentcucite i
shte yadete supa ot zelentcuci.  Tozi natcin e po-siguren ot zdravna gledna
totcka a i na vkus se polutcava dobre za kiseli krastavitcki, petceni
tcushki i tn. Mejdu drugoto pickles ot nay razlitcen tip koito se prodavat
konservirani v USA i navsyakqde po sveta se prigotvyat po tozi natcin.
Goreshto se preporqtcva na lybitelite na turshiya s niska medicinska
zastrahovka ili bez takava.
Za tezi ot vas s povetce sigurnost v kuhnenskite si umeniya i po-solidna
medicinska zastrahovka se predlaga recepta za klasitceska turshiya (kiselo
zele, krastavitcki).  E ne e tolkova strashno ot mikrobiologitcna gledna 
totcka ako spazite nyakoi usloviya.  Izmityat zelentcuk (ne e neobhodimo da
rejete povetceto ot tyh s iklyutcenie moje bi na morkovite i drugi takiva
koito sa tvqrdi) se postavyat v golyam sqd (pone 5 l) i se slaga 5 do 8 %
sol (za pet litra tryabva pone 250g sol) zabelejete tce tova e edno ot
vajnite usloviya osiguryavashti vi sreshtu tcesti poseshteniya na
taoletnata ili bolnica.  Sqda se pqlni s voda sqdove s tyasno gqrlo i
po-golyam obem sa za predpotcitane.  Tova e vajno za da se osiguryat
usloviya da rastat MKB inatce nali znaete taoletnata.  Dostqpa na vqzduh
tryabva da se ogranitci.  Dobra ideya e da se sipe malko olio vqrhu vodata.
Ne e mnogo opasno ako zelentcucite sa zamqrseni s patogenni mikroorganizmi.
Naprimer za edin ot moite kusove tuk pravihme kiselo zele na pqrviyat den
koli formite (indicator za patogenni mikroorg) byha okolo 1000 na vtoriya
se uvelitciha na tretiya den byaha nyakolko stotin i na tcetvqrtiya potcti
gi nyamashe a po natatqk nyamashe nishto.  Sqda s taka prigotvenite
produkti se ostavya na hladno (10 14 C) za predpotcitane v maze za mesec
dva.  Sled okolo 25-30 dena mojete da vzemate probi.  Ako go ostavite na
mnogo toplo shte stane mnogo kisela a i moje da ponamirisva na ( e vie
znaete na kakvo ...).  Obshto vzeto kogato pH (za tezi koito znayat kakvo e
tova i kak da go meryat) padne do 3.6 - 3.8 nysms problemi s patogenni
Uspeh i ako stane dobre i ima dovolni ot receptata nyama da otkaja ako mi
izpratite malko rakiyka.  Za nedovolnite ne me psuvayte v kraya na
krayshtata az spodelyam litcen opit i kakvoto sqm utcil v universiteta u
nas se polutcava i v klas se polutcava ( e vyarno tam dosta po-precizno se
pravi ot okomera v kqshti). 
Ako ne se polutci ot pqrviya pqt ne se razotcarovayte.  Spodelete tuk ili
mi pratete e-mail moje da sqm sposoben da pomogna.  Ne slagayte plodove ili
drugi sladki raboti zashtoto imat zahar i shte stane mnogo kiselo.  Druga
pritcina za mnogo kisela turshiya e visoka temperatura ili mnogo malko
salamura (tetcnostta).  Predpolagam tce i drugi hora shte spodelyat opit
koito sa pravili takiva raboti vsyaka godina.  Az si mislya tce tova e
mnogo skqpo natcinanie tuk edin lb tcerveni tcushki se kolebae mejdu $1.20
i 1.60.  Ne znam dali shte stane sqs  zeleni tcushki.  Maika mi vinagi
praveshe turshiya ot tcerveni.  Sqs zeleni tcushki stava mnogo bqrzo edno
meze koeto ne e turshiya no na men mi haresva povetce.  Eto go: Thushkite
se opitcat na kotlon i se obelvat drqjkite se mahat. 
Zaliva se s ocet, porqsva se sqs sol, tcesqn, olio kopqr, i magdanoz.
Ostavya se da prestoi pone polovin tcas da poeme vsitckite tiya raboti i se
yade s rakiya.  To mezeto lesno ama kqde e rakiyata.   Za natcinaeshti
opitayte pqrvo da napravite kiselo zele moje i malko morkovi da slojite
tova shte vi spesti pone parite na pqrvo vreme i moje bi malko
razotcarovanie zashtoto stava po-lesno. 
Ako bqrzate moje da uskorite neshtata kato vmesto studena izpolzuvate
goreshta (okolo 60 C) voda da zaleete zeleto ili kakvoto i da e no
riskuvate neuspeh. 
Prez lyatoto ne znam dali shte stane turshiya v BG se pravi prez esenta
moje bi zashtoto po nyakakva slutcaynost togava ima nay-mnogo i nay eftini
zelentcuci. ako imate kqde da ostavite sqda koito shte namirisva pri niska
temperatura shte e OK spored men.
Haide tcao i dobqr apetit na vsitcki.
Beco  Koyto ne nosi absolyutno nikakva otgovornost ako landlord-a Vi
izvqrli ot apartamenta zashtoto umirisvate celiya blok.  Edin ot defektite
pri pickles se kazva disulphite stinker (sp ???) i mirishe na pr---ya
(znaete kakvo imam predvid) i se polutcava kogato e malko po-toplitcko. 

21-8 Other Bulgarian Recipes 
(by Jan Terziyski)
(1) Salads

    Shopska salad
    Stuffed tomato salad
    Mixed salad
    White salad
    Aubergine puree (kyopolu)

(2) Soups

    Monastery style bean soup
    Spinach soup
    Vegetable soup with cheese
    Lamb soup
    Milk soup
    Veal soup
    Chicken soup with vegetables

(3) Vegetarian Dishes
    Baked eggs with spring onions
    Stuffed peppers with egg and cheese
    Vegetarian dish, Bansko region
    Monastery stew
    Stuffed Aubergines (Imam Bayaldy)
    Spinach with brined cheese
    Marrows stuffed with cheese
    Vegetable hotch-potch

(4) Meat Dishes

    Lamb drop syrma
    Stewed leg of mutton
    Wine kebap
    Ruistic chicken stew
    Kavarma meuniere
    Srednogorie hotch-potch
    Shoppe style pork kebap
    Baked tripe
    Pork spindle fillet
    Syrmi (Stuffed vine and cabbage leaves)
    Meat on a spit

(5) Cheese
    Cheese baked in foil
    Shoppe style cheese

(6) Pastries

    Fried Bread Slices
    Mekitsas (Batter fried in oil)
    Round bread loaves with cheese
    Banitsa with spinach
    Banitsa (Cheese pastry)

(7) Desserts

    Baked apples with vanilla syrup
    Banitsa saralia
    Sweet balls with syrup
    Milk banitsa

(1) Salads

1. Shopska salad

Ingredients: 3-4 tomatoes, 1 cucumber, 4-5 peppers, 1 onion, 150g brined 
sheep's cheese, parsley, vinegar, sunflower oil and salt. Bake, peel and
seed the peppers. Cut into small strips and add the diced tomatoes, 
cucumbers and onion. Add salt, oil and vinegar, and mix. Serve in the
shape of a pyramid, top with chopped parsley and grated cheese.

2. Stuffed tomato salad

Ingredients: 1kg tomatoes, 1 medium-sized celery, 250g brined sheep's cheese,
parsley, pepper, vinegar, sunflower oil, salt(1 cucumber). Peel and dice
the celery, boil in salt water, strain and mix with the grated cheese, oil 
and finely chopped parsley. Slice off the tomato tops, core and fill with 
the mixture (for an even more appealing appearance place the tomatoes on top
of cucumber slices). Trim with small pieces of tomatoes and parsley. 

3. Mixed salad

Ingredients: 1-2 aubergines, 7-8 peppers(non-Bulgarian size peppers: 15), 
3-4 tomatoes, 1 cucumber, 1/3 cup walnuts, 203 cloves garlic, vinegar,
sunflower oil, salt. Bake the aubergines and peppers on a hot plate, peel
and cut into small pieces. Add the diced cucumber, crushed walnut kernels and
garlic, the vinegar, oil and salt, stir and arrange on a plate. Top with
tomato slices and finely chopped parsley. Sprinkle with some more oil.

4. White salad

Ingredients: 2-3 cucumbers, 2 cup cottage cheese, 1 cup cream, 1/2 cup 
walnuts, 2-3 cloves garlic, dill, sunflower oil, salt (3 eggs). Peel and 
dice the cucumbers, add the cottage cheese, cream, crushed walnuts and 
garlic, the oil, finely chopped dill and salt. Beat the mixture, pour into
a plate and garnish with hard boiled eggs cut in half.

5. Aubergine puree (Kyopolu)

Ingredients: 2-3 aubergines, 4-5 peppers, 2-3 tomatoes, 3-4 cloves garlic, 
parsley, vinegar, sunflower oil, salt. Bake the aubergines and peppers on a 
hot plate, peel and cut into small pieces. Add the finely hopped diced or
grated tomatoes, then the crushed garlic. Mix with a wooden spoon, add
oil and vinegar, salt to taste, beat. Pour into a plate and top with 
finely chopped parsley.

(2) Soups

1. Tarator

Ingredients: 2-3 cucumbers, 500g yoghurt, 1/2 walnuts, 3-4 cloves garlic,
dill, sunflower oil and salt. Beat the yoghurt, add the crushed garlic, ground
walnuts, finely dies cucumbers (sliced into small pieces), oil and salt.
Stir and dilute with cold water. Serve sprinkled with finely chopped dill.

2. Monastery style bean soup

Ingredients: 200g white beans, 2-3 carrots, 1/2 a celery, 1 onion, 1-2 
tomatoes, 1-2 peppers, 1-2 chillies (peppers, by choice), parsley, mint,
sunflower oil, salt. Soak the beans in cold water for 3-4 hours, drain and 
pour fresh water. Boil (in an earthware) pot together with oil, finely chopped
carrots, onion and celery. The sliced peppers are added later; the grated 
tomatoes and mint, when the beans have turned tender. Salt and boil for 
another 15-20 min. Serve sprinkled with finely chopped parsley.

3. Vegetable soup

Ingredients: 2-3 potatoes, 1-2 carrots, 1/2 celery. 1-2 peppers, 1/4 of a
medium-sized cabbage, 1 onion, 2-3 tomatoes, 1 beetroot, 1 spoonful flour, 
1 tsp paprika, 100g yoghurt, 1 egg, 100g kashkaval(yellow cheese), sunflower
oil, salt, parsley. Put the diced celery and carrots into salt boiling water
together with the finely cut cabbage and peppers. When soft, add the diced 
potatoes. Boil the diced beetroot. Stew the finely chopped onion until soft,
then add the flower, paprika and grated tomatoes. Add the mixture to the 
boiling vegetables and boil for another half hour. Add the beetroot at the end.
Thicken with an egg beaten in yoghurt. Serve with finely chopped parsley and
grated kashkval. 

4. Spinach soup

Ingredients: 1/2 spinach, 60g butter, 2 spoon flour, 0.5l milk, pepper, salt.
Boil the finely chopped spinach in salt water. Brown the butter and flour,
then add the spinach puree. Dilute with milk and half the spinach water. Boil 
for another 5-10 minutes and season with pepper. Serve with bread cubes 
fried in butter. The same recipe may may be used for nettles.

5. Vegetable soup with white cheese

Ingredients: 250g green beans, 1 onion, 1/2 a medium-sized cabbage, 1 small
cauliflower, 150g white brined cheese, parsley, sunflower oil, salt. Boil
the beans in salt water and strain. Cook the finely chopped onion, cabbage, 
and cauliflower in oil and some water, pour over hot water and the bean water. 
When cooked, add the bean mash and crushed cheese. Boil for another 10 
minutes and serve with finely chopped parsley.

6. Lamb soup

Ingredients: 400g lamb, 2 carrots, 1/2 celery, 2-3 potatoes, 2 tomatoes, 1 
onion,, 3-4 cloves garlic, 1 spoonful flour, 1 tsp tomato paste, 50g butter, 
cummin, parsley, pepper, salt. Cut the meat into pieces and boil in salt 
water together with the finely cut carrots and celery. Cook the finely
chopped onion, flour and tomato paste in butter and some water. Add the meat,
after some 10 min also add the diced tomatoes. When boiled add the tomato 
pieces and garlic. Boil for another 10-15 min. Serve sprinkled with finely
chopped parsley, pepper and cummin.

7. Milk soup

Ingredients: 300g milk, 60g butter, 2 eggs, 100g white brined cheese (or
kashkaval), 1/2 cup rice, savory or pepper, salt. Boil the milk and dilute
with 3 cupfuls of warm water. Add the rice, salt and boil until cooked. Take
off the fire, season, mix in the butter and thicken with beaten eggs. Serve
with crushed brined cheese or grated kashkaval.

8. Veal soup

Ingredients: 700g veal knuckle or breast, 2 carrots, 1 onion, 1/2 a celery,
2 potatoes, 2 tomatoes, 50g butter, parsley with roots, pepper, horse-radish,
vinegar, salt. Cut the meat into pieces, place in cold water and bring to the
boil. Salt and simmer together with the chopped carrots, onion, celery and
parsley roots. When tender, add the potatoes, and after 20min also the finely
sliced tomatoes. Add the butter when nearly ready. When serving, first place
a piece of meat on the plate, then pour on the stock. Sprinkle with finely
chopped parsley and pepper. Serve the grated horse-radish seasoned with
vinegar and salt separately, add to the soup according to taste.

9. Chicken soup with vegetables

Ingredients: 1 chicken, 3-4 carrots, 1 celery, 1 onion, 1 spoonful flour, 1
cupful milk, 40g butter, 1 egg, pepper, parsley, salt, vermicelli if desired.
Boil the whole chicken and peppercorns in salt water, bone the meat. Fry the 
finely chopped carrots, celery and onion in butter and some water until soft,
stir in the flour, blend in the chicken pieces after about 5min and boil for
another 10min. Thicken with beaten egg and milk under constant stirring. 
Sprinkle with finely chopped parsley before serving.

(3) Vegetarian Dishes

1. Baked egg with spring onions

Ingredients: 5 eggs, 300g brined sheep's cheese, 3 bunches of spring onion, 
50g butter, 1 bunch of parsley, salt. Mix the finely chopped onions, parsley
and crumbled cheese, and divide into 5 (earthware) bowls. Add equal parts of
butter, salt and 1 spoonful water to each, and bake. When almost ready, break
an  egg on top of each and add some water if necessary. Cover with lids
and bake until a crust is formed. 

2. Stuffed peppers with egg and cheese

Ingredients: 1kg red peppers, 6 eggs, 250g brined sheep's cheese, parsley, 
sunflower oil, salt. Bake, peel and seed the peppers. Mix the crumbled cheese
with 4 beaten eggs. Stuff the pepper swith the mixture, roll in breadcrumbs and
beaten eggs and fry in hot oil. Serve sprinkled with finely chopped parsley.

3. Vegetarian dish, Bansko region

Ingredients: 500g brined sheep's cheese, 2-3 tomatoes, 2-3 peppers, 5 eggs,
100g butter, half a tsp paprika. Place the crumbled cheese into a butter-lined
saucepan. Top with the finely cut peppers, grated or sliced tomatoes and
butter. Cover with a lid and stew for some 15min. Beat the eggs in a cupful
of water, pour over the dish, cover and cook until a yellow crust is formed.
Serve with paprika.

4. Monastery stew

Ingredients: 3-4 potatoes, 2-3 tomatoes, 1-2 carrots, 1-2 onions, 1/2 a celery,
200g small onions, half a cupful olives, 2 cupfuls fresh mushrooms, 1/4 
cupful rice, half a cupful white wine, parsley, pepper, half a cupful
sunflower oil, salt. Cook the finely chopped onions, carrots and celery in
the oil and some water. Add the small onions, olives, mushrooms and pepper.
Pour over the wine and 1 cupful of water, salt and simmer until tender. Add
the diced potatoes and rice, followed by tomato pieces after 15 minutes. Pour
the dish into a baking dish or earthware pot, sprinkle with parsley and bake.

5. Stuffed Aubergines (Imam Bayaldy)

Ingredients: 4-5 eq. sized aubergines, 5-6 tomatoes, 5 onions, 2 carrots, 1 
celery, 4-5 cloves garlic, half a lemon, 1 bay leaf, 3 spoonful breadcrumbs,
parsley, peppers, half a cupful sunflower oil, salt. Separate the stalks from
the aubergines and carefully hollow them. Cook in oil and some water and stuff
with a mixture prepared as follows: brown the finely chopped onions in same
oil. Add the grated carrots and celery and when tender, also the grated 
tomatoes, finely chopped garlic and parsley, the bay leaf, pepper and salt.
Stuff the aubergines, top with a slice of tomato and sprinkle with breadcrumbs.
Bake in a moderate oven. Serve cold garnished with slices of lemon.

6. Spinach with brined cheese

Ingredients: !kg spinach, 4-5 spoonful flour, 100g butter, 200g brined 
sheep's cheese, 2 eggs, salt, onions. Wash the spinach, cut into fine strips 
and boil some 10 min. in salt water, then wash. Fry the finely chopped onions 
and flour in oil and some water. Add the spinach and boil, stirring constantly.
Finally add the beaten eggs and crumbled cheese. Cook for 5 min. The same
recipe may be used for nettles with cheese.

7. Marrows stuffed with cheese

Ingredients: 5-6 vegetable marrows, 150g brined sheep's cheese, 3 eggs, 1
onion, 2 spoonful flour, half a cupful milk, 60g butter, salt. Slice the 
peeled marrows lengthwise, hollow and salt. Brown the finely chopped onions
and flour in half of the butter and some water. Add half of the milk, grated
cheese and 1 egg. Stuff the zucchini with the mixture, arrange in a baking dish
and pour over the remaining 2 eggs beaten with milk. Add the remaining 
butter a few minutes before the dish is ready. 

8. Vegetable hotch-potch

Ingredients: 3-4 onions, 4-5 tomatoes, 5-6 peppers, 1-2 aubergines, 4-5 
potatoes, 100g okra, 100g French beans (green beans) 1 tsp paprika, parsley,
2/3 cupful sunflower oil, salt. Brown the chopped onions in oil and some water,
place in baking dish. Add the finely cut peppers, tomatoes, French beans,
aubergines, paprika, salt and some water. When tender, add the potatoes cut
into circles and some more warm water. Bake in moderate oven. Sprinkle with
finely chopped parsley before serving.

(4) Meat Dishes

1. Lamb drob syrma

Ingredients: 1kg lamb caul, 2 eggs, 1/2 cupful rice, 2 bunches of spring
onions, 1 cupful yoghurt, mint, pepper, 100g butter, salt. Boil the lamb
pluck in salt water and cut into pieces. Fry the finely chopped onions in 
butter and some water. Add the rice, pluck, pepper and mint. Add 2 cupfuls 
of the lamb stock and boil some 20min. Soak the caul in cold water, cut into
pieces and fill with the mixture. Arrange in a tray and bake in a moderate
oven. When nearly ready, pour over the eggs beaten in yoghurt and bake 
for another 10-15 min. The dish can also be prepared without caul wrapping.

2. Stewed leg of mutton

Ingredients: about 2kg leg mutton, 100g bacon, 3 carrots, 3 tomatoes, 3-4
peppers, 1/2 a celery, 7-8 potatoes, 1 tsp tomato paste, 6-8 cloves garlic,
pimento, 1 bay leaf, pepper, 1 cupful white wine, 1 lemon, 1 tsp flour,
parsley, 1/2 cupful sunflower oil, salt. Lard the meat with bacon rolled in
paprika, garlic and pepper. Salt and stew in the oil together with the
vegetable sliced into large pieces. Later add the flour and tomato paste
diluted with some cold water. Pour over the wine and some hot water, add
spices and peeled lemon slices and simmer on a low fire. When cooked, take out
the meat and cut into slices. Push the sauce through a sieve. Serve 
sprinkled with finely chopped parsley.

3. Wine kebap

Ingredients: 1kg veal, 4-5 onions, 1 carrots, 1/2 a celery, 1 spoonful tomato 
paste, 1 spoonful flour, 1 tsp paprika, 1 cupful white wine, 1 bay leaf,
pepper, parsley, half a cupful  sunflower oil, salt. Cut the deboned meat into
small pieces and fry in oil and some water together with the finely chopped 
onions, celery and carrots. When tender add the tomato paste diluted with some
water, the flour and paprika. Pout over the wine and some water, add the bay
leaf and pepper and simmer on a low fire. Sprinkle with finely chopped parsley
before serving. 

4. Rustic chicken stew

Ingredients: 1 chicken, 3-4 onions, 1-2 peppers, 3-4 tomatoes, 3 spoonful
flour, 1 spoonful paprika, 1/33 cupful sunflower oil, parsley, salt. Cut the
deboned meat into pieces and stew in oil and some water together with the 
onion rings. Add the flour and paprika, as well as some water. Bring to the 
boil and add the peppers and tomatoes cut into large pieces, salt. Simmer on a
low fire. Sprinkle with finely chopped parsley when ready.

5. Kavarma meuniere

Ingredients: 800g pork, 500g veal liver, 5 peppers, 4-5 onions, 1-2 tomatoes, 
1 cupful  mushrooms, 1/3 cupful  white wine, savory, paprika, pepper, parsley,
half a cupful  lard or sunflower oil, salt. Cut the meat into small pieces and
fry in oil and some water. Add the onions and when tender - the cooked and 
diced liver, sliced mushrooms, peppers, tomatoes, pepper, savory, wine, 
salt and some warm water. Stir, pour in (earthware) dish or bowls and bake in
a hot oven. Serve with finely chopped parsley. 

6. Srednogorie hotch-potch

Ingredients: 1kg veal, 2 cupfuls mushrooms, 100g okra, 2-3 onions, 2-3
tomatoes, 3-4 peppers, 1/2 cupful rice, 1-2 potatoes, half a cupful white wine,
1 tsp paprika, pepper, parsley, 3/4 cupful  sunflower oil, salt.  Fry the 
meat into large pieces in oil and some water, take out. Brown the finely
chopped onions, tomatoes and paprika in the same oil. Replace the meat, add
the wine and some hot water, bring to the boil and salt. Add the mushrooms and
after some 10min the peppers sliced into strips and the cleaned okra. When 
tender, add the remaining oil, bake. Sprinkle with finely chopped parsley and
pepper before serving. 

7. Pork sprindle fillet

Ingredients: 1kg pork fillet, 200g cheese, 2 cupful mushrooms, several cloves
of garlic, 1 lemon, tomato paste, parsley, 500g butter, salt. Pound the thin 
fillets, salt and baste with tomato paste and pepper. Stew the mushrooms, diced
cheese, finely chopped parsley and garlic in butter and some water. Place some
of the stuffing on each fillet, roll up, tie with a string and grill. Serve
with French fries and lettuce.

8. Syrmi (Tuffed vine or cabbage leaves)

Ingredients: 500g minced veal, 300g minced pork, 1 bunch of spring onions,
half a cupful rice, one cupful yoghurt, parsley, mint, paprika, pepper, 30-40
vine or cabbage leaves, 100g butter or half a cupful of sunflower oil, salt.
Fry the finely chopped onions in some of the oil and some water, stir the
paprika and take off the stove. Add the meat, rice, pepper, mint and finely 
chopped parsley. Pour over warm salted water and simmer until the water has
been absorbed by the rice. Scaled the vine or cabbage leaves with salted 
hot water and put 1 tsp of the mixture on each leave. Roll together and 
arrange in a saucepan, pour over 3/2 cupful of warm water and 1 tsp fat, close
with a lid and simmer on a low fire. When ready, pour over the beaten yoghurt
and melted butter with stirred in paprika. Serve with vegetables. The same
recipe may be used for stuffed peppers, eggplants and zucchini.

9. Kebapcheta (Oblong rissoles)

Ingredients: 1kg minced meat(60% pork and 40% veal), 2onions, 1/2 tsp cummin
and pepper, salt. Salt the meat and let stand for 1-2 hours in the cold. Then
mix with cummin, pepper, finely chopped onions (and some water). Let stand
for another 2 hours. Form into oblong rissoles and grill. Serve with vegetables
and ... A LOT OF BEER!

10. Meat on a spit

Ingredients: 1kg pork, 1 onion, 1 tomato, 1 pepper, salt. Cut the meat into 
pieces, salt and mix with the largely chopped onion and pepper. Let stand for
~2 hours and string on a spit with pieces of onion, pepper and sliced tomatoes
inbetween. Grill. Serve hot with vegetables of your own choice. Baste with
lemon juice if desired. 

(5) Cheese

1. Cheese baked in foil

Ingredients: 400g brined sheep's cheese, 60g butter, 1  spoonful paprika. Cut
the cheese into medium-thick slices and place on sheets of butter-lined foil.
Place cubes of butter a top each cheese piece, sprinkle with paprika and wrap.
Place in a tray and bake in a moderate oven. Serve wrapped in the foil.

2. Shoppe style cheese

Ingredients: 500g brined sheep's cheese, 40g butter, 1-2 tomatoes, 1-2 peppers,
black pepper, paprika, 5 eggs. Cut the cheese into five eq. slices and place
into butter-lined (earthware) bowls. Top with tomato slices, pepper rings
and some butter, Bake in a hot oven some 5-6 min. Break an egg a top of
each bowl and add the remaining butter with pepper and paprika. Bake until
a crust is formed. Serve hot, garnished with slices of tomato, parsley and
a chilli, as desired.

(6) Pastries

1. Fried bread slices

Ingredients: hard bread, 3 eggs, 1 cupful milk, 1.2 cupful sunflower oil. Slice
the bread into thin slices. Dip first in milk, then in the beaten eggs. Fry
in hot oil. Serve Serve hot, sprinkled with sugar, honey, jam, cheese or 
whatever topping you prefer.

2. Mekitsas (Batter fried in oil)

Ingredients: 1kg flour, 3eggs, 1/2kg yoghurt, 10g yeast or 1 tsp of baking
1 cupful water, 1/2 tsp salt, 1 cupful sunflower oil. Beat eggs and yoghurt 
together with the water and yeast or baking soda diluted in some cold water. 
Prepare a soft dough and let stand for 1 hour. Then roll into a sheet and 
cut out circles with a teacup. Fry in plenty of oil until a reddish hue is
obtained. Serve with icing sugar, jam or cheese.

3. Round bread loaves with cheese

Ingredients: 1kg flour, 500g brined cheese, 5/2 cupfuls yoghurt, 3 eggs, 1 tsp
baking soda, 100g butter. Mix the flour, yoghurt baking soda, eggs and crumbled
cheese. Prepare a dough and divide into 15 pieces. Shape each into a round
loaf, making a hole in the middle, placing a piece of butter inside. Bake in
a moderate oven in a dish lined with butter. 

4. Banitsa with spinach

Ingredients: 1kg flour, 1kg spinach, 300g. white brined cheese, 3/2 cupful of
yoghurt, 200g butter, 1 spoonful sunflower oil, 1 spoonful vinegar, salt. Cook
the cleaned and finely cut spinach in some of the butter. After having cooled, 
stir in crumbled cheese and yoghurt. Knead a hard dough from the flour, oil,
vinegar, salt and water. Roll into five sheets (1kg of ready rolled pastry
sheets may also be used). Line a baking dish with butter, place 1 sheet on the
bottom and top with the spinach filling. Add a second sheet, filling and so on.
Baste in a moderate oven. The same recipe may be used for making banitsa with

5. Ears

Ingredients: 500g flour, 1tsp yeast, 150g white sheep7s cheese, 120g butter,,
2 tsp salt. Make a hole in the flour and place 1/2 tsp salt, the diluted yeast
and 1/2 a cupful of water in it. Knead a medium soft dough (add some more
water if necessary) and let stand for about on hour. Roll into sheets, ~3-4mm
thick cut into squares and add crumbled cheese to each. Fold in two, seal the 
edges and drop into salt boiling water. Boil for ~5min. Arrange the ears is a 
dish and pour over melted butter. Serve hot.

6.Banitsa (Cheese pastry)

Ingredients: 1kg flour, 400g white brined cheese, 4 eggs, 500g yoghurt, 1/2
a tsp baking soda, 100g butter, salt. Use the flour, salt and 3/2 cupfuls of
water to make a hard dough which is divided into first-large balls. Let stand
for ~1hour, then roll into about 1mm thick sheets. Line with melted butter
and top with a mixture of beaten eggs, baking soda, yoghurt and crumbled 
cheese. Roll together and place in a lined dish, either Lengthwise or in
circles. Bake in a moderate oven and some water when ready. Cover with a cloth
to make it soft. 

(7) Desserts

1. Baked apples with vanilla syrup

Ingredients: 8-10 eq. sized apples, 1/3 cupful walnut kernels, 3/2  cupful
sugar, vanilla, cinnamon according to taste, 50g butter. Peel and carefully
hollow the apples. Prepare a stuffing from the beaten butter, 3/4  cupful
of sugar, crushed walnut kernels and cinnamon. Stuff the apples and place in
a lined dish, pour over 1-2 spoonful of water and bake in a moderate oven. 
Serve cold, sweetened with syrup made from  cupful of sugar, 1 cupful of water
and vanilla. The same recipe may be used for quinces and pears. 
(My grandma used to make them the best, may God bless her).

2. Banitsa saralia

Ingredients: 1kg flour, 1/2  cupful walnut kernels, 4 cupfuls sugar, 4 
cupfuls water, vanilla, 150g butter. Prepare a medium-hard dough from the 
flour, some salt and cold water, adn roll into sheets (1 kg of ready-rolled
sheets may also be used). Baste each sheet with some butter and top with 
crushed walnut kernels. Roll together and arrange either lengthwise or in a
circle in a butterlined dish. Bake in a moderate oven. After it has cooled
pour over hot syrup made from sugar, water and vanilla. 

3. Sweet balls with syrup

Ingredients: 150g cottage cheese, 3 eggs, 1 cupful flour, 3/2  cupful sugar, 
vanilla, 1 tsp baking soda, 3 cupful water, 1  cupful sunflower oil. Mix the
cottage cheese and eggs well, before gradually adding the flour, followed by 
the baking soda. Shape into balls with a spoon and fry in hot oil. When cooled,
pour over syrup made from water, sugar and vanilla. 

4. Milk Banitsa

Ingredients: 400g flour, 9 eggs, 3/2 milk, 3/2  cupful sugar, 1/2  cupful
semolina, 1 spoonful sunflower oil, 1 spoonful vinegar, 1  cupful water,
180g butter. Prepare a medium-hard dough from the flour, 1 egg. oil, vinegar
and water and roll into sheets (500g of ready pastry sheets may  also be
used). Place the sheets in a tray, basting each with melted butter. Bring the
milk to the boil, add the sugar, remaining butter adn semolina under constant 
stirring, followed by the beaten eggs when cooled. Mix well and pour over the
pastry sheets. Bake in a moderate oven. Serve into pieces and sprinkle with 
icing sugar. 

21-9 How to make banica 
(by Maria Popova), last updated: 31-Jul-1994
Az sqm pravila banitza sqs fillo dough i americanski producti i stana
dosta dobre. Ne moga da dam tochna retzepta zashtoto vsichko slagam na
oko, no shte se opitam...

Ta znachi, kupuva edin paket fillo dough, 10tina iaitza, edna buchka
sirene (cottage cheese shte svqrshi rabota, no nai-dobre e da nameri
bqlgarsko sirene v tenekia, pri nas ima--12$/kg) okolo 3/4-1 pound i
edno paketche maslo. Pazbqrkva navednqj 4 iaitza i pribavia natrosheno
sirene dokato smesta stane kato liutenitza (ne mi e mnogo podhodiashto
sravnenieto mai, no iskam da kaja da ne teche, a da se maje dobre) Sled
tova raztapia masloto. Vzima dva lista kori, naprqskva gi s maslo i
namazva, no ne razvnomerno a samo tuk tam ot smesta. Polse ot gore
slaga edin list, pak maje, dva lista i go naviva na rulo. I taka
natatqk dokato mu se svqrshi smesta ili korite. Nakraia naprqskva
tzialata banitza dobre s maslo, peche ia vqv furna okolo 30 min. Sled
kato ia izvadi e dobre da ia pokrie s pokrivka za 10 tina minuti za da
ne izsqhne.

21-10 Kozunak sqs stafidi
(by Vladimir Aleksiev), last updated: 09-Apr-1996

Produkti: 10 iajca, 200 ml priasno mliako, 150 ml rastitelno maslo, 100 g
svinka mas, 400 g zahar, 1.5 kg brashno, 3 vanilii, 150 g stafidi, 40 g maia,
1/3 ch.l. sol, 1 limon.
Prigotviane: maiata se razbyrkva s malko priasno mliako, 1 supena lyzhica
zahar i brashno, za da stane riadka kasha. Ostavia se an toplo da se podhvane
i da uvelichi obema si 2x. V napravena v brashnoto vdlybnatina se slagat
buhnalata maia, iajcata (1 zhyltyk se ostavia za namazvane), zaharta,
raztvorena v mliakoto, raztopenata svinska mas, 2/3 ot olioto, solta,
vaniliite i sokyt ot limon. Zamesva se meko testo, koeto triabva da se izmesi
dobre. Nakraia se pribaviat stafidite. Ostavia se na toplo da vtasa. Testoto
se razdelia na 3 chasti, vsiaka ot koito se razdelia na 3 i se oformiat 3
fitila, koito se pletat na plitka. poluchenite 3 kozunaka se postaviat v
namazani s olio tavi i se ostaviat da vtasat an toplo. Dokato se izmesvat i
se oformiat kozunacite, rycete se topiat v olio, za da ne zalepva testoto, a
i da poeme mazninata. Predi pecheneto kozunacite se anmazvat s razbitia
zhyltyk i zaharta. Pekat se v umerena furna.

21-11 Cocktails 
(by Peter Yovchev, Dimitqr Nikolov, Lyubomir Aleksandrov, Peter Mitev, Penyo Penev)
1. Oblak
 Pravi se ot pitietata mastika i likyor ot menta v klasicheskoto sqotnoshenie
1:1. Tova e pri polojenie che mastikata sqsqrja 45 obemni % alkohol, a mentata
25%. Ako v sqotvetnata dqrjava mastikata , respektivno mentata sa s razlichno
alkoholno sqdqrjanie, proporciyata se promenya, kato vse pak tryabva da e 
blizka do gornata, poradi specifichnite organoleptichni kachestva na napitkata.
Servira se _mnogo_ studen, kolkoto se moje po-studen, ne se rarejda s
led, soda i dr. Pie se predimno na toplo vreme, na moreto i t.n., no moje da 
se pie i prez zimata.

2. Ciganka
 Prigotovlyava se ot pitietata mastika i obiknovena grozdova rakiya, otnovo
v sqotnoshenieto 1:1. Nikakvi razrediteli, pie se studen. Harakteren za 
yugoiztochna Bqlgariya.

3. Evridika
 Star Sozopolski kokteyl. Prigotvya se kato v edna bira - 400 ml. se sipe
100 grama menta. Pie se leko ohladen. Velikolepen za ranni sledobedni 
iztreznyavaniya pri visoka temperatura na okolnata sreda.

4. Aligator
 Otnovo Sozopolska izmishlyotina. Sqstoi se ot djin i menta.
Moje po vkus da se prigotvi v razlichni proporcii, kato nay-chesto
upotrebyavanite sa : 1:2, 1:1 i 2:1. Moje da se servita i s led.

5. Kavaleriyski shtik
 Prigotvya se kato 'aligator' no sqstavkite sa vodka i menta.

6. Yaponsko utro
 Prigotvya se kato 'aligator' no sqstavkite sa vodka i rozari (kampari).

7. Pqlzachi po skalite
 Prigotvya se kato 'aligator' no sqstavkite sa djin i rozari (kampari).

8. Barbata
 Krqsten e v chest na stariya Sozopolski alkoholik Barbata, leka mu prqst.
100 ml menta, topla i 50 grama grozdova rakiya, sqshto topla. 
Dosta otvratitelen e,
no zatova pqk e mnogo hranitelen, Barbata izkara pochti 2 godini samo na nego.

9. Tigqrska celuvka
 Prigotvya se ot cherveno vino i grozdova rakiya. Tipichna proporciya e
3:1, no moje da varira. Pie se topql, mnogo dobre deystva v studeno vreme.

10. Miyach
 Tova e kokteylqt, koyto e padenieto na alkoholicite, t.e. bi bil dosta
interesen za nyakoi chitateli. Prigotvya se ot 50 ml. menta, 50 ml. grozdova
rakiya i 50 ml. mastika. VNIMANIE - MNOGO E SILEN, ne se preporqchva na
nepodgotveni da piyat poveche ot 2. Servira se komplekt s opakovka antiacid
i sedalgin neo.

11. Trikolior
50 ml. vodka (bi triabvalo da moje i mastika), 50 ml. menta, 50 ml. likior. 
Parvo se sipva vodkata(mastikata), sled tova bavno i vnimatelno po stenata 
na chashata se naliva mentata, kojato poradi po goliamoto si otnositelno
teglo (poveche zahar) minava otdolu. Posleden idva likiorat pak po
sashtia nachin, no oshte po vnimatelno. Bialo-zeleno-cherveniat trikolior
se konsumira _na eks_ i sashto kato miacha e mnogo potenten.

12. Goliam trikolior 
Kato trikoliora no ot vsichko po 100 ml. Vecheria za shampioni! Az ne go

13. Chuk/Paren chuk/Chukche ...
Ne sluchajno e pod nomer 13! 
Sabirat se vsichki nalichni alkoholsadarjashti technosti i se smesvat - 
- shake well drink much! Praktikuva se naprimer kogato alkohola e mnogo malko,
a triabva da se peiat mnogo pesni ili kogato kupona triabva da se 
premesti i tozi, kojto sabira pieneto, e dotolkova razveselen, che
ne mu puka vav kakv vid she se konsumira ostataka po-natatak. 

14. "Medved prihodit"
Ot halba pqlna s bira se otpiva po glqtka i 
se dobavya pak tolkova vodka (> 40%).
Tova s epovtarya dokato ostane samo vodka.

15. "Medved uhodit"
Kato 14., no se zapochva s vodka dokato se stigne samo 
do bira.

16. Koktejl Bozdugan:

375 g. Rakija (ot naj-evtinata pod rqka, v moite spomeni - naj-chesto kajsieva)
375 g. Svetlo Pivo.

17. Naroden jumruk (mozhe i na eks):

100ml grozdova
100ml slivova
100ml mastika


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