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RFC 7193 - The application/cms Media Type

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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         S. Turner
Request for Comments: 7193                                          IECA
Category: Informational                                       R. Housley
ISSN: 2070-1721                                           Vigil Security
                                                               J. Schaad
                                                 Soaring Hawk Consulting
                                                              April 2014

                     The application/cms Media Type


   This document registers the application/cms media type for use with
   the corresponding CMS (Cryptographic Message Syntax) content types.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

1.  Introduction

   [RFC5751] registered the application/pkc7-mime media type.  That
   document defined five optional smime-type parameters.  The smime-type
   parameter originally conveyed details about the security applied to
   the data content type, indicating whether it was signed or enveloped,
   as well as the name of the data content; it was later expanded to
   indicate whether the data content is compressed and whether the data
   content contained a certs-only message.  This document does not
   affect those registrations as this document places no requirements on
   S/MIME (Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) agents.

   The registration done by the S/MIME documents was done assuming that
   there would be a MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
   wrapping layer around each of the different enveloping contents;
   thus, there was no need to include more than one item in each smime-
   type.  This is no longer the case with some of the more advanced
   enveloping types.  Some protocols such as the CMC (Certificate
   Management over Cryptographic Message Syntax) [RFC5273] have defined
   additional S/MIME types.  New protocols that intend to wrap MIME
   content should continue to define a smime-type string; however, new
   protocols that intend to wrap non-MIME types should use this
   mechanism instead.

   CMS (Cryptographic Message Syntax) [RFC5652] associates a content
   type identifier (OID) with specific content; CMS content types have
   been widely used to define contents that can be enveloped using other
   CMS content types and to define enveloping content types some of
   which provide security services.  CMS protecting content types, those
   that provide security services, include: Signed-Data [RFC5652],
   Enveloped-Data [RFC5652], Digested-Data [RFC5652], Encrypted-Data
   [RFC5652], Authenticated-Data [RFC5652], Authenticated-Enveloped-Data
   [RFC5083], and Encrypted Key Package [RFC6032].  CMS non-protecting
   content types, those that provide no security services but
   encapsulate other CMS content types, include: Content Information
   [RFC5652], Compressed Data [RFC3274], Content Collection [RFC4073],
   and Content With Attributes [RFC4073].  Then, there are the innermost
   content types that include: Data [RFC5652], Asymmetric Key Package
   [RFC5958], Symmetric Key Package [RFC6031], Firmware Package
   [RFC4108], Firmware Package Load Receipt [RFC4108], Firmware Package
   Load Error [RFC4108], Trust Anchor List [RFC5914], TAMP Status Query,
   TAMP Status Response, TAMP Update, TAMP Update Confirm, TAMP Apex
   Update, TAMP Apex Update Confirmation, TAMP Community Update, TAMP
   Community Update Confirm, TAMP Sequence Adjust, TAMP Sequence Adjust
   Confirmation, TAMP Error [RFC5934], Key Package Error, and Key
   Package Receipt [RFC7191].

   To support conveying CMS content types, this document defines a media
   type and parameters that indicate the enveloping and embedded CMS
   content types.

   New CMS content types should be affirmative in defining the string
   that identifies the new content type and should additionally define
   if the new content type is expected to appear in the
   encapsulatedContent or innerContent parameter.

1.1.  Requirements Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

2.  CMS Media Type Registration Applications

   This section provides the media type registration application for the
   application/cms media type (see [RFC6838], Section 5.6).

   Type name: application

   Subtype name: cms

   Required parameters: None.

   Optional parameters:

      encapsulatingContent=y; where y is one or more CMS ECT
      (Encapsulating Content Type) identifiers; multiple values are
      encapsulated in quotes and separated by a folding-whitespace, a
      comma, and folding-whitespace.  ECT values are based on content
      types found in [RFC3274], [RFC4073], [RFC5083], [RFC5652], and
      [RFC6032].  This list can later be extended; see Section 4.


   innerContent=x; where x is one or more CMS ICT (Inner Content Type)
   identifiers; multiple values encapsulated in quotes and are separated
   by a folding-whitespace, a comma, and folding-whitespace.  ICT values
   are based on content types found in [RFC4108], [RFC5914], [RFC5934],
   [RFC5958], [RFC6031], and [RFC7191].  This list can later be
   extended; see Section 4.


   The optional parameters are case sensitive.

   Encoding considerations:


      [RFC5652] requires that the outermost encapsulation be

   Security considerations:

      The following security considerations apply:

      RFC       | CMS Protecting Content Type and Algorithms
      [RFC3370] | signedData, envelopedData,
      [RFC5652] | digestedData, encryptedData, and
      [RFC5753] | authData
      [RFC5754] |
      [RFC5958] | aKeyPackage
      [RFC5959] |
      [RFC6162] |
      [RFC6031] | sKeyPackage
      [RFC6160] |
      [RFC6032] | encryptedKeyPkg
      [RFC6033] |
      [RFC6161] |
      [RFC5914] | trustAnchorList
      [RFC3274] | compressedData
      [RFC5083] | authEnvelopedData
      [RFC5084] |
      [RFC4073] | contentCollection and
                | contentWithAttrs
      [RFC4108] | firmwarePackage,
                | firmwareLoadReceipt, and
                | firmwareLoadError
      [RFC5934] | TAMP-statusQuery, TAMP-statusResponse,
                | TAMP-update, TAMP-updateConfirm,
                | TAMP-apexUpdate,
                | TAMP-apexUpdateConfirm,
                | TAMP-communityUpdate,
                | TAMP-communityUpdateConfirm,
                | TAMP-seqNumAdjust,
                | TAMP-seqNumAdjustConfirm, and
                | TAMP-error
      [RFC7191] |keyPackageReceipt and keyPackageError

      In some circumstances, significant information can be leaked by
      disclosing what the innermost ASN.1 structure is.  In these cases,
      it is acceptable to disclose the wrappers without disclosing the
      inner content type.

      ASN.1 encoding rules (e.g., DER and BER) have a type-length-value
      structure, and it is easy to construct malicious content with
      invalid length fields that can cause buffer overrun conditions.
      ASN.1 encoding rules allows for arbitrary levels of nesting, which
      may make it possible to construct malicious content that will
      cause a stack overflow.  Interpreters of ASN.1 structures should
      be aware of these issues and should take appropriate measures to
      guard against buffer overflows and stack overruns in particular
      and malicious content in general.

   Interoperability considerations:

      See [RFC3274], [RFC4073], [RFC4108], [RFC5083], [RFC5652],
      [RFC5914], [RFC5934], [RFC5958], [RFC6031], [RFC6032], and

      In all cases, CMS content types are encapsulated within
      ContentInfo structures [RFC5652]; that is the outermost enveloping
      structure is ContentInfo.

      CMS [RFC5652] defines slightly different processing rules for
      SignedData than does PKCS #7 [RFC2315].  This media type employs
      the CMS processing rules.

      The Content-Type header field of all application/cms objects
      SHOULD include the optional "encapsulatingContent" and
      "innerContent" parameters.

      The Content-Disposition header field [RFC4021] can also be
      included along with Content-Type's optional name parameter.

   Published specification: This specification.

   Applications that use this media type:

      Applications that support CMS (Cryptographic Message Syntax)
      content types.

   Fragment identifier considerations: N/A

   Additional information:

      Magic number(s): None
      File extension(s): .cmsc
      Macintosh File Type Code(s):

   Person & email address to contact for further information:

      Sean Turner <turners@ieca.com>

   Intended usage: COMMON

   Restrictions on usage: none

   Author: Sean Turner <turners@ieca.com>

   Change controller: The IESG <iesg@ietf.org>

3.  Example

   The following is an example encrypted status response message:

      MIME-Version: 1.0
      Content-Type: application/cms; encapsulatingContent=encryptedData;
                    innerContent=TAMP-statusResponse; name=status.cmsc
      Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64


4.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has registered the media type application/cms in the Standards
   tree using the applications provided in Section 2 of this document.

   IANA has established two subtype registries called "CMS Encapsulating
   Content Types" and "CMS Inner Content Types".  Entries in these
   registries are allocated by Expert Review [RFC5226].  The Expert will
   determine whether the content is an ECT or an ICT, where the rule is
   that an ICT does not encapsulate another content type while an ECT
   does encapsulate another content type.

   Initial values are as follows:

   CMS Encapsulating Content Types

   Name                        | Document | Object Identifier
   authData                    |[RFC5652] | 1.2.840.113549.
   compressedData              |[RFC3274] | 1.2.840.113549.
   contentCollection           |[RFC4073] | 1.2.840.113549.
   contentInfo                 |[RFC5652] | 1.2.840.113549.
   contentWithAttrs            |[RFC4073] | 1.2.840.113549.
   authEnvelopedData           |[RFC5083] | 1.2.840.113549.
   encryptedKeyPkg             |[RFC6032] | 2.16.840.
   digestData                  |[RFC5652] | 1.2.840.113549.
   encryptedData               |[RFC5652] | 1.2.840.113549.
   envelopedData               |[RFC5652] | 1.2.840.113549.
   signedData                  |[RFC5652] | 1.2.840.113549.

   CMS Inner Content Types

   Name                        | Document | Object Identifier
   firmwarePackage             |[RFC4108] | 1.2.840.113549.
   firmwareLoadReceipt         |[RFC4108] | 1.2.840.113549.
   firmwareLoadError           |[RFC4108] | 1.2.840.113549.
   aKeyPackage                 |[RFC5958] | 2.16.840.
   sKeyPackage                 |[RFC6031] | 1.2.840.113549.
   trustAnchorList             |[RFC5914] | 1.2.840.113549.
   TAMP-statusQuery            |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-statusResponse         |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-update                 |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-updateConfirm          |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-apexUpdate             |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-apexUpdateConfirm      |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-communityUpdate        |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-communityUpdateConfirm |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-seqNumAdjust           |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-seqNumAdjustConfirm    |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   TAMP-error                  |[RFC5934] | 2.16.840.
   keyPackageReceipt           |[RFC7191] | 2.16.840.
   keyPackageError             |[RFC7191] | 2.16.840.

5.  Security Considerations

   See the answer to the Security Considerations template questions in
   Section 2.

6.  Acknowledgments

   Special thanks to Carl Wallace for generating the example in
   Section 3.

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3274]  Gutmann, P., "Compressed Data Content Type for
              Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 3274, June 2002.

   [RFC3370]  Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
              Algorithms", RFC 3370, August 2002.

   [RFC4021]  Klyne, G. and J. Palme, "Registration of Mail and MIME
              Header Fields", RFC 4021, March 2005.

   [RFC4073]  Housley, R., "Protecting Multiple Contents with the
              Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 4073, May 2005.

   [RFC4108]  Housley, R., "Using Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) to
              Protect Firmware Packages", RFC 4108, August 2005.

   [RFC5083]  Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
              Authenticated-Enveloped-Data Content Type", RFC 5083,
              November 2007.

   [RFC5084]  Housley, R., "Using AES-CCM and AES-GCM Authenticated
              Encryption in the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC
              5084, November 2007.

   [RFC5226]  Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
              IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226,
              May 2008.

   [RFC5273]  Schaad, J. and M. Myers, "Certificate Management over CMS
              (CMC): Transport Protocols", RFC 5273, June 2008.

   [RFC5652]  Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", STD 70,
              RFC 5652, September 2009.

   [RFC5753]  Turner, S. and D. Brown, "Use of Elliptic Curve
              Cryptography (ECC) Algorithms in Cryptographic Message
              Syntax (CMS)", RFC 5753, January 2010.

   [RFC5754]  Turner, S., "Using SHA2 Algorithms with Cryptographic
              Message Syntax", RFC 5754, January 2010.

   [RFC5914]  Housley, R., Ashmore, S., and C. Wallace, "Trust Anchor
              Format", RFC 5914, June 2010.

   [RFC5934]  Housley, R., Ashmore, S., and C. Wallace, "Trust Anchor
              Management Protocol (TAMP)", RFC 5934, August 2010.

   [RFC5958]  Turner, S., "Asymmetric Key Packages", RFC 5958, August

   [RFC5959]  Turner, S., "Algorithms for Asymmetric Key Package Content
              Type", RFC 5959, August 2010.

   [RFC6031]  Turner, S. and R. Housley, "Cryptographic Message Syntax
              (CMS) Symmetric Key Package Content Type", RFC 6031,
              December 2010.

   [RFC6032]  Turner, S. and R. Housley, "Cryptographic Message Syntax
              (CMS) Encrypted Key Package Content Type", RFC 6032,
              December 2010.

   [RFC6033]  Turner, S., "Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax
              (CMS) Encrypted Key Package Content Type", RFC 6033,
              December 2010.

   [RFC6160]  Turner, S., "Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax
              (CMS) Protection of Symmetric Key Package Content Types",
              RFC 6160, April 2011.

   [RFC6161]  Turner, S., "Elliptic Curve Algorithms for Cryptographic
              Message Syntax (CMS) Encrypted Key Package Content Type",
              RFC 6161, April 2011.

   [RFC6162]  Turner, S., "Elliptic Curve Algorithms for Cryptographic
              Message Syntax (CMS) Asymmetric Key Package Content Type",
              RFC 6162, April 2011.

   [RFC6838]  Freed, N., Klensin, J., and T. Hansen, "Media Type
              Specifications and Registration Procedures", BCP 13, RFC
              6838, January 2013.

   [RFC7191]  Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Key
              Package Receipt and Error Content Types", RFC 7191, April

7.2.  Informative References

   [RFC2315]  Kaliski, B., "PKCS #7: Cryptographic Message Syntax
              Version 1.5", RFC 2315, March 1998.

   [RFC5751]  Ramsdell, B. and S. Turner, "Secure/Multipurpose Internet
              Mail Extensions (S/MIME) Version 3.2 Message
              Specification", RFC 5751, January 2010.

Authors' Addresses

   Sean Turner
   IECA, Inc.
   3057 Nutley Street, Suite 106
   Fairfax, VA 22031

   EMail: turners@ieca.com
   Phone: +1.703.628.3180

   Russell Housley
   Vigil Security, LLC
   918 Spring Knoll Drive
   Herndon, VA 20170

   EMail: housley@vigilsec.com

   Jim Schaad
   Soaring Hawk Consulting

   EMail: ietf@augustcellars.com


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