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RFC 6160 - Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Pro


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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         S. Turner
Request for Comments: 6160                                          IECA
Category: Standards Track                                     April 2011
ISSN: 2070-1721

      Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Protection
                 of Symmetric Key Package Content Types

Abstract

   This document describes the conventions for using several
   cryptographic algorithms with the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
   to protect the symmetric key package content type.  Specifically, it
   includes conventions necessary to implement SignedData,
   EnvelopedData, EncryptedData, and AuthEnvelopedData.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6160.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

1.  Introduction

   This document describes the conventions for using several
   cryptographic algorithms with the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
   [RFC5652] to protect the symmetric key package content type defined
   in [RFC6031].  Specifically, it includes conventions necessary to
   implement the following CMS content types: SignedData [RFC5652],
   EnvelopedData [RFC5652], EncryptedData [RFC5652], and
   AuthEnvelopedData [RFC5083].  Familiarity with [RFC5083], [RFC5652],
   [RFC5753], and [RFC6031] is assumed.

   This document does not define any new algorithms; instead, it refers
   to previously defined algorithms.

1.1.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

2.  SignedData

   If an implementation supports SignedData, then it MUST support the
   signature scheme RSA [RFC3370] and SHOULD support the signature
   schemes RSA Probabilistic Signature Scheme (RSASSA-PSS) [RFC4056] and
   Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) [RFC3370].  Additionally,
   implementations MUST support the hash function SHA-256 [RFC5754] in
   concert with these signature schemes, and they SHOULD support the
   hash function SHA-1 [RFC3370].  If an implementation supports
   SignedData, then it MAY support Elliptic Curve Digital Signature
   Algorithm (ECDSA) [RFC6090][RFC5753].

3.  EnvelopedData

   If an implementation supports EnvelopedData, then it MUST implement
   key transport, and it MAY implement key agreement.

   When key transport is used, RSA encryption [RFC3370] MUST be
   supported, and RSA Encryption Scheme - Optimal Asymmetric Encryption
   Padding (RSAES-OAEP) [RFC3560] SHOULD be supported.

   When key agreement is used, Diffie-Hellman (DH) ephemeral-static
   [RFC3370] MUST be supported.  When key agreement is used, Elliptic
   Curve Diffie-Hellman (ECDH) [RFC6090][RFC5753] MAY be supported.

   Regardless of the key management technique choice, implementations
   MUST support AES-128 Key Wrap with Padding [RFC5649] as the content-
   encryption algorithm.  Implementations SHOULD support AES-256 Key
   Wrap with Padding [RFC5649] as the content-encryption algorithm.

   When key agreement is used, the same key-wrap algorithm MUST be used
   for both key and content encryption.  If the content-encryption
   algorithm is AES-128 Key Wrap with Padding, then the key-wrap
   algorithm MUST be AES-128 Key Wrap with Padding [RFC5649].  If the
   content-encryption algorithm is AES-256 Key Wrap with Padding, then
   the key-wrap algorithm MUST be AES-256 Key Wrap with Padding
   [RFC5649].

4.  EncryptedData

   If an implementation supports EncryptedData, then it MUST implement
   AES-128 Key Wrap with Padding [RFC5649] and SHOULD implement AES-256
   Key Wrap with Padding [RFC5649].

   NOTE: EncryptedData requires that keys be managed by other means;
   therefore, the only algorithm specified is the content-encryption
   algorithm.

5.  AuthEnvelopedData

   If an implementation supports AuthEnvelopedData, then it MUST
   implement the EnvelopedData recommendations except for the content-
   encryption algorithm, which, in this case, MUST be AES-GCM [RFC5084];
   the 128-bit version MUST be implemented, and the 256-bit version
   SHOULD be implemented.  Implementations MAY also support AES-CCM
   [RFC5084].

6.  Public Key Sizes

   The easiest way to implement SignedData, EnvelopedData, and
   AuthEnvelopedData is with public key certificates [RFC5280].  If an
   implementation supports RSA, RSASSA-PSS, DSA, RSAES-OAEP, or Diffie-
   Hellman, then it MUST support key lengths from 1024-bit to 2048-bit,
   inclusive.  If an implementation supports ECDSA or ECDH, then it MUST
   support keys on P-256.

7.  Security Considerations

   The security considerations from [RFC3370], [RFC3560], [RFC4056],
   [RFC5083], [RFC5084], [RFC5649], [RFC5652], [RFC5753], [RFC5754], and
   [RFC6031] apply.

   The choice of content-encryption algorithms for this document was
   based on [RFC5649]:

      In the design of some high assurance cryptographic modules, it is
      desirable to segregate cryptographic keying material from other
      data.  The use of a specific cryptographic mechanism solely for
      the protection of cryptographic keying material can assist in this
      goal.

   Unfortunately, there is no AES-GCM or AES-CCM mode that provides the
   same properties.  If an AES-GCM and AES-CCM mode that provides the
   same properties is defined, then this document will be updated to
   adopt that algorithm.

   [SP800-57] provides comparable bits of security for some algorithms
   and key sizes.  [SP800-57] also provides time frames during which
   certain numbers of bits of security are appropriate, and some
   environments may find these time frames useful.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]   Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
               Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3370]   Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
               Algorithms", RFC 3370, August 2002.

   [RFC3560]   Housley, R., "Use of the RSAES-OAEP Key Transport
               Algorithm in Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC
               3560, July 2003.

   [RFC4056]   Schaad, J., "Use of the RSASSA-PSS Signature Algorithm in
               Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 4056, June 2005.

   [RFC5083]   Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
               Authenticated-Enveloped-Data Content Type", RFC 5083,
               November 2007.

   [RFC5084]   Housley, R., "Using AES-CCM and AES-GCM Authenticated
               Encryption in the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)",
               RFC 5084, November 2007.

   [RFC5280]   Cooper, D., Santesson, S., Farrell, S., Boeyen, S.,
               Housley, R., and W. Polk, "Internet X.509 Public Key
               Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation
               List (CRL) Profile", RFC 5280, May 2008.

   [RFC5649]   Housley, R. and M. Dworkin, "Advanced Encryption Standard
               (AES) Key Wrap with Padding Algorithm", RFC 5649,
               September 2009.

   [RFC5652]   Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", STD
               70, RFC 5652, September 2009.

   [RFC5753]   Turner, S. and D. Brown, "Use of Elliptic Curve
               Cryptography (ECC) Algorithms in Cryptographic Message
               Syntax (CMS)", RFC 5753, January 2010.

   [RFC5754]   Turner, S., "Using SHA2 Algorithms with Cryptographic
               Message Syntax", RFC 5754, January 2010.

   [RFC6031]   Turner, S. and R. Housley, "Cryptographic Message Syntax
               (CMS) Symmetric Key Package Content Type", RFC 6031,
               December 2010.

   [RFC6090]   McGrew, D., Igoe, K., and M. Salter, "Fundamental
               Elliptic Curve Cryptography Algorithms", RFC 6090,
               February 2011.

8.2.  Informative Reference

   [SP800-57]  National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST),
               Special Publication 800-57: Recommendation for Key
               Management - Part 1 (Revised), March 2007.

Author's Address

   Sean Turner
   IECA, Inc.
   3057 Nutley Street, Suite 106
   Fairfax, VA 22031
   USA

   EMail: turners@ieca.com

 

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