168. Food and Nutrition


See also 76. CHEESE ; 118. DINING ; 272. MILK .

accubation
Rare. the act or habit of reclining at meals.
alimentology
Medicine. thescience of nutrition.
allotriophagy
Pathology. a desire for unusual or abnormal foods.
analepsis, analepsy
Obsolete, the nutrition of an emaciated body.
anorexia
lack of appetite, usually because of psychological reasons.
anthropophagism, anthropophagy
the use of human flesh for food. — anthropophagous, adj.
autophagy, autophagia
Medicine. 1. the eating of one’s own body.
2 . the nutrition of the body by its own tissues, as in dieting. — autophagous, adj.
Bantingism, bantingism
a diet of high protein and low fat and carbohydrate, followed in a program to lose weight, named for its developer W. Bantingth-century English cabinet-maker.
biophagism
the use of living organisms for food. — biophagery, n. biophagous, adj.
botulism
a toxic condition caused by a neurotoxin in improperly canned or preserved food.
bromatology
Rare. the science of food.
bromography
a treatise on food.
bulimia, boulimia
a raging hunger or voracious appetite. Cf. hyperorexia . — bulimic, boulimic, bulimiac, boulimiac, adj.
bulimorexia, boulimorexia
alternating gorging of food and vomiting, usually as a result of a psychological disturbance. — bulimorexic, boulimorexic, n., adj.
cibophobia
an abnormal fear of food. Also called sitophobia, sitiophobia.
commensalism
the practice of eating together at the same table. Also commensality . — commensal, n., adj.
coprophagy, coprophagia
feeding on excrement, as certain beetles. — coprophagous, adj.
crapulency, crapulence
excessive indulgence in food or drink.
culinarian
a person skilled in the preparation of food.
cynorexia
a doglike appetite; insatiable desire for food.
dystrophy, dystrophia
poor or inadequate nutrition or growth. See also 122. DISEASE and ILLNESS .
epicureanism
the habit of refined, often luxurious, enjoyment of sensuous pleasures, especially of food. — epicurean, n., adj.
Fletcherism, fletcherism
the practice of eating only when hungry and in small amounts, and especially chewing one’s food thoroughly, recommended as an aid to digestion by Horace Fletcher (1849-1919), American dietitian. — Fletcherite, n. Fletcherize, v.
fruitarianism
the practice of subsisting chiefly on fruit. Cf. vegetarianism . — fruitarian, n., adj.
gastronomy
the art or science of good eating. — gastronome, gastronomist , n . — gastronomie, adj.
gavage
forced feeding, either of animals or humans, by inserting a tube in the throat and using a force pump.
hippophagism, hippophagy
the eating of horsemeat. — hippophagous, adj.
hyperorexia
an abnormal craving for food; a voracious and insatiable appetite. Cf. bulimia .
magirics
Rare. the science or art of cooking. Also called magirology . — magirist , n.
monophagism, monophagy
the tendency to f eed on a single type of food. — monophagous, adj.
opsomania
a mania for special kinds of food. See also phagomania, sitomania.
pantophagy
the ability to eat any type of food. — pantophagist , n . — pantophagous, adj.
phagology
the study of eating or feeding habits.
phagomania
a mania for food and eating. See also opsomania , sitomania .
phagophobia
an abnormal fear of eating.
polyphagia, polyphagy
1 . a desire for all kinds of food.
2 . Med. excessive or gluttonous consumption of food. — polyphagian, n. polyphagic, polyphagous, adj.
proteinphobia
a strong aversion to protein foods.
sarcophagy
Rare. the act, practice, or custom of eating flesh. — sarcophagous, adj.
sitomania
an obsession with food. See also phagomania, opsomania .
sitophobia, sitiophobia
cibophobia.
symposiarch
Ancient Greece. the master of a feast or symposium; hence, a person presiding over a banquet or formal discussion.
syssitia
the practice or custom, as among the ancient Spartans and Cretans, of eating the main meal of the day together in public to strengthen social and political bonds.
trichinosis
a form of food-poisoning, caused by infestation by Trichinella spiralis. trichinous, adj.
trophism
the nourishment of the tissues. — trophic, adj.
trophology
Medicine. the science of nutrition; alimentology.
trophoplasm
the form of protoplasm that constitutes the nutritive element of a cell. — trophoplasmic, trophoplasmatic, adj.
tsiology
a treatise on tea.
vegetarianism
the practice of subsisting chiefly or strictly on vegetables. — vegetarian, n., adj.
xerophagia, xerophagy
1 . fasting for religious or other purposes.
2 . the act or custom of eating only dry food or a very light diet.
zeism, zeismus
a skin disease, thought to be the result of excessive consumption of corn.
zomotherapy
a treatment for disease or illness consisting of a diet of raw meat.

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