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soc.culture.jewish FAQ: Jewish Thought (6/12)
Section - Question 12.11: Who were the prophets? How many?

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                                  Answer:
   
   (Note: "navi" (pl: neviim) = "prophet")
   
   The Talmud (Megillah 14a) says that there had been twice as many
   prophets as the number of people who left Egypt (2*600,000), but only
   those whose messages were for future generations were recorded. This
   count was 48 male and 7 female Prophets.
   
   The Talmud lists the 7 females as:
    1. Sarah
    2. Miriam
    3. Devorah
    4. Hannah (mother of Shmuel)
    5. Avigail (who became a wife of David Hamelech)
    6. Huldah (from the time of Yirmiyahu)
    7. Esther
       
   One compilation of the male prophets (based on Seder Olam) lists the
   following:
    1. Avraham (Abraham)
    2. Yitzchak (Isaac)
    3. Yaakov (Jacob)
    4. Moshe (Moses)
    5. Aharon (Aaron)
    6. Yehoshuah (Joshua)
    7. Pinchas
    8. Elkanah (father of Shmuel)
    9. Eli
   10. Shmuel (Samuel)
   11. Gad
   12. Nosson
   13. David Hamelech (King David)
   14. Shlomo Hamelech (King Soloman)
   15. Aidoin the Golah
   16. Micha Ben Yamla in the time of Achav
   17. Ovadiah
   18. Achiah Hashiloni
   19. Yehu Ben Hanani in the time of Asah
   20. Azaryah Ben Oded in the time of Yehoshaphat from Divrei Hayamim
   21. Haziel from Bnei Masni
   22. Eliezer his cousin
   23. Morishah
   24. Hoshea
   25. Amos in the time of Yeravam Ben Yoash
   26. Micha in the time of Yosam
   27. Eliyahu (Elijah)
   28. Elisha
   29. Yonah Ben Amitai
   30. Yeshayah in the time of Menashe in the time of Yoshea
   31. Yoel (Joel)
   32. Nachum
   33. Habakuk
   34. Zephaniah
   35. Uriah from Kiryat Yearim
   36. Yirmiyahu (Jeremiah)
   37. Yehezkel
   38. Daniel (second year of Darius)
   39. Baruch
   40. Neriah
   41. Sharyah
   42. Machsiyah
   43. Hagai
   44. Zecharyah
   45. Malachi
   46. Mordechai
       
   Rashi (Megillah 3a) suggests that Daniel wasn't a Navi and is to be
   replaced in the list by Shemaia, who told Rehavam not to go to war
   with Yeravam and the northern kingdom.
   
   Rashi closes with "two I don't know" (47 & 48).
   
   A commentator on the side says one is Oded & one is Hanani Haroeh.
   When a Navi is called by his name and his fathers name it is a sign
   that the father is also a Navi. Azriah Ben Oded, Yehu Ben Hanani,
   Zechariah Ben Yehoyada are given as examples.
   
   Rabbein Hananel and the Vilna Gaon start from Moshe and add in the
   sons of Korach.

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