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soc.culture.german FAQ (posted monthly) part 4/6

( Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 )
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Archive-name: german-faq/part4
Last modified: 2001-09-02
Posting-Frequency: monthly
URL: http://www.watzmann.net/scg/
Version: 2001-09

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
     This is part 4 of the ASCII version of the FAQ list for
     soc.culture.german. Find the WWW version at
     <http://www.watzmann.net/scg/index.html>. The FAQ is posted on
     the first of every month.




                     Table of Contents for Part  4
                     =============================

  13. Books

     13.1 ISB Numbers on the Net
     13.2 What German Dictionaries are Available? (Deutsch-Deutsch!)
     13.3 Which Books do German kids read?
     13.4 German Literature Online
     13.5 Mail Ordering Books
        13.5.1 Page comments

  14. Audio / Video

     14.1 Different Video Norms!
        14.1.1 Do it yourself
        14.1.2 Commercial conversion
     14.2 Movies
        14.2.1 Dubbing?!
        14.2.2 Contacts
     14.3 Mail Ordering
        14.3.1 Audio / Music
        14.3.2 Video Tapes
        14.3.3 Page comments

  15. Foreign Affairs; Consulates / Embassies

     15.1 General Remarks on the Embassies
     15.2 Foreign Embassies in the FRG
     15.3 German Embassies and Consulates General
     15.4 Other Foreign Affairs Institutions
     15.5 Goethe Institutes
        15.5.1 Page comments

  16. Educational System

     16.1 Schools
        16.1.1 The structure of the German school system
        16.1.2 Vacations
        16.1.3 International Schools in Germany
        16.1.4 German Schools Abroad
        16.1.5 Summer Schools for German Abroad
     16.2 Universities
        16.2.1 Statistics
        16.2.2 Listings, Rankings
           16.2.2.1 Listings
           16.2.2.2 Rankings
        16.2.3 Studying at a German University; Exchange Programs
           16.2.3.1 Exchange programs and organizations
        16.2.4 Finding the Right One... (On-Line)
     16.3 Volkshochschulen
     16.4 Education-Relevant Addresses
        16.4.1 Page comments

  17. Economy; Industry; Working in Germany

     17.1 News, Overviews, Briefs, Stock Data     and other Databases
        17.1.1 On-Line
        17.1.2 Other
     17.2 DIN, ISO
     17.3 Economy Research Institutes
     17.4         Bundesstelle fuer Aussenhandelsinformation (BfAI)
     17.5 Looking for Individual Jobs
        17.5.1 Some Addresses
     17.6 Chambers of Commerce (Industrie- und Handelskammer)
     17.7 What is the minimum wage in Germany ?
        17.7.1 Page comments




  13.  Books

  In Germany, the price for a book is set by the publisher and all
  retail stores are required to sell the book at that price, a
  regulation that is under heavy attack from the European Union right
  now. As a consequence, there is little point in shopping around for a
  good bargain on a book. The only books that you can buy at a discount
  in Germany are damaged books, even though it often takes an expert to
  see what exactly the damage is.

  The Preisbindung, as this practice is called in German, means in
  particular that the only differences in price between `online
  booksellers' come from their differing fees for shipping and
  handling, not the books themselves.1999-04

  Bookstores will usually order books published in Germany for you if
  they don't have  them in stock. This is free of charge and usually
  very fast: the ordered book will often be at your local book store the
  day after you order it, and almost always within three days after the
  order. Foreign books take longer to order, sometimes several weeks.

  13.1.  ISB Numbers on the Net

  You can find all the books in print in Germany at Verzeichnis
  lieferbarer  Buecher <http://www.vlb.de/>, a site maintained by the
  association of German booksellers.

  You can also try the search engines of any of the `online
  booksellers'; their search results usually contain the ISBN, among
  other things.

  13.2.  What German Dictionaries are Available? (Deutsch-Deutsch!)


  o  Der Brockhaus in einem Band: US$39.95 (US)

  o  Wahrig (Bertelsmann) US$48.95

  o  Wahrig DTV Woerterbuch (paperback) US$21.95

  o  Deutsches Woerterbuch von H. Paul (Niemayer) US$68.95

  o  Duden deutsches Universalwoerterbuch US$49.95

  o  Knaurs grosses Woerterbuch der deutschen Sprache US$45.95

  13.3.  Which Books do German kids read?

  Bring up any of these book titles in conversation with a German under
  the age of 50, or anybody over 50 whith kids, and you have a sure-fire
  way to go down the road to nostalgia ...

  o  by Ottfried Preussler

  o  Raeuber Hotzenplotz

  o  Die kleine Hexe

  o  Das kleine Gespenst

  o  Der starke Wanja

  o  Krabat

  o  Der kleine Wassermann

  o  by Max Kruse

  o  Urmel aus dem Eis (and more Urmel books)

  o  by Michael Ende

  o  Jim Knopf und Lukas, der Lokomotivfuehrer

  o  Jim Knopf und die Wilde 13

  o  Die unendliche Geschichte

  o  Momo

  o  Der satanarchaeoluegenialalkohoellische Wunschpunsch

  o  by Erich Kaestner

  o  Das fliegende Klassenzimmer

  o  Emil und die Detektive

  o  Puenktchen und Anton

  o  der kleine Mann

  o  by Angela    Sommer-Bodenburg <http://www.AngelaSommer-
     Bodenburg.com>

  o  Der kleine Vampir

  13.4.


  German Literature Online

  The German Branch <http://www.gutenberg.aol.de/> of the Project
  Gutenberg <http://www.gutenberg.net/> has now gone far beyond offering
  just fairy tales. The Project Gutenberg <http://www.gutenberg.net/> is
  dedicated to bringing works of literature whose copyright has expired
  into electronic form.

  A very nice website dedicated to German literature is Oliver Gassner's
  carpe <http://www.carpe.com>. It contains the Literatur und Buecher im
  Cyberspace <http://www.carpe.com/lubic/> link list and Olivers  Links
  zur Literatur <http://www.carpe.com/lit/>. For the scholarly minded,
  there's the German Studies Web
  <http://gort.ucsd.edu/rsonn/wessger.html>, coordinated by Reinhart
  Sonnenburg.

  13.5.  Mail Ordering Books

  The FU Berlin maintains a list of German publishing companies and
  bookstores <http://www.chemie.fu-berlin.de/outerspace/verlage.html>,
  including many mail-order bookstores.


  Some of the more popular mail-order bookstores are

  o  Amazon.de <http://www.amazon.de/>, the German branch of amazon.com
     <http://www.amazon.com/>

  o  Bertelsmann Online <http://www.bol.de/>, the online store of the
     largest German publishing company,


  o  Buch.de <http://www.buch.de/>, Aachener Buchversand

  o  Buecher.de <http://www.buecher.de/>

  Here is a list of bookstores and publishing companies, both in Germany
  and abroad, that somehow deal with German books:

      Der Buchwurm
        PO Box 268, Templeton, CA 93465, tel +1(805)238-2353, fax
        +1(805)238-9523

        German Books, Music Tapes, CD's, Journal Subscriptions, etc.
        1994-6

     Mary S. Rosenberg, Inc.
        1841 Broadway, New York, NY 10023, tel +1(212)307-7733, fax
        +1(718)857-7163

        Mail order, but no credit cards! However, checks do not need to
        clear your bank before they send merchandise.  1994-6

     Schoenhof's Foreign Books
        76A Mount Auburn Street, Cambridge, MA  02138, tel
        +1(617)547-8855, fax +1(617)547-8551

        Accepts Visa, MC, and AMEX. French, German, Italian, and Spanish
        books 1994-6

     Adler's Foreign Books, Inc.
        8220 N. Christiana Ave, Skokie, Illinois 60076, tel
        +1(800)ADLERS-1

        Accepts major credit cards, no current catalogue!  1994-6

     Buch-Bruecke
        96 Sweet Road, Ballston Lake, NY 12019, tel/fax +1(518)399-6516

        They have a very good selection of German language books,
        videos, cassette tapes, CD's, and magazines, at reasonable
        prices. A catalog is available. 1994-7

     International Book Import Service, Inc.
        2995 Wall Triana Highway, Suite B4, Huntsville, Alabama
        35824-1532, tel +1(800)277-IBIS fax +1(205)464-0071 1996-03
        1995-4

     Continental Book Company
        80-00 Cooper Avenue, Bldg. #29, Glendale, NY 11385 1994-6

     Mail order Kaiser
        Postfach 401209, 80712 Muenchen, Germany, tel +49(89)362001

        Mail order bookstore in Germany. Delivery worldwide at German
        domestic prices. Monthly newsletters. 1994-6

     ATS (Associated Technical Services)
        855 Bloomfield Ave., Glen Ridge, NJ 07028

        Technical Dictionaries 1994-6

     2001
        Ferdinand-Porsche-Str. 39, Postfach 61 06 37, 60348
        Frankfurt/Main, tel +49(69)4208000, fax +49(69)415004

        Kantstr. 41, 10625 Berlin 12, tel +49(30)3125017

        They deliver only to European countries. A Bill will be included
        on delivery. The value of an order to abroad must be above 50
        DM. Only books are delivered abroad, no CD's, tapes or records.
        1994-6

     Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft
        Hindenburgstrasse 40, Postfach 11 15 53, 64230 Darmstadt,
        Germany, tel +49(6151)33080, fax +49 6151 314128 1994-6

     Carl Hanser Verlag
        Postfach 86 04 20, 81631 Muenchen

        Take major credit cars, and offer books from BASIC programming
        to Object-Oriented methods. Nice little catalog - these are the
        distinctive bright red books with blue trim.  1994-6

     Die Weisse Rose
        Rozengracht 166, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, tel
        +31(20)638-3959, Opening hours: Tue-Fri 10-18, Sat 11-17 1994-6

     Deutsches Komitee fuer elektronische Buecher
        (German Electronic Book Committee GEBC), Bertelsmann Electronic
        Publishing, fax +49(89)43189-737 1994-7

     Bibliographisches        Institut <http://www.bifab.de/>
        Makers of Der Duden <http://www.duden.de>, Meyer's Lexikon
        <http://www.meyer.bifab.de> and Brockhaus
        <http://www.brockhaus.de>. Looks like they have a corner on the
        German encyclopedia market.

     Langenscheidt KG
        Langenscheidt <http://www.langenscheidt.de> publishes everything
        about learning languages, from dictionaries to Teach yourself
        elementary Martian in seven days.

     Book publishers, fiction and non-fiction
        Some of the biggest German publishing companies are Deutscher
        Taschenbuch Verlag        (dtv) <http://www.dtv.de/>, Fischer
        Taschenbuch Verlag <http://www.s-fischer.de/>, Suhrkamp Verlag
        <http://www.suhrkamp.de/>, Verlag Philipp Reclam jun.
        <http://www.reclam.de/>, Verlag R.Piper <http://www.piper.de/>.

        The Diogenes Verlag AG does not seem to have a webpage. Their
        last known address was Sprecherstrasse 8, CH-8032 Zuerich.

  13.5.1.  Page comments

  View/add comments
  <http://www.watzmann.net/comments/list.php?page_id=17>

  14.  Audio / Video

  How to convert between Norms, how to get tapes, etc.

  14.1.  Different Video Norms!

  PAL  videotapes (as used in Germany) will not display properly
  using an NTSC (used in, eg, USA) based VCR and vice-versa.

  There are services where video conversion from any  to any other
   can be made for a fee (VHS, VHS-C and 8 mm types of cassettes.)
  This will allow playback of videotapes made overseas using US TV's and
  VCR's (PAL, SECAM -> NTSC) and vice-versa (NTSC -> PAL, SECAM, etc
  ...)


  It is also not too expensive to get a VCR which is able to play NTSC
  and PAL tapes.

  Only a few VCR's are able to record and play VHS tapes in  NTSC and
  PAL (e.g. Panasonic AG-W1, about DM 5000). Cheaper VCR's are able to
  play different formats (NTSC, PAL, SECAM).

  14.1.1.  Do it yourself

  With these setups you can transfer from NTSC to/from PAL at reasonable
  cost. Don't expect studio quality though:

  o  Akai VS R110EM is a three system unit - PAL, NTSC, SECAM , costs
     about US$200 mailorder (smile video, nyc).

  o  AKAI VSX-560, *HiFi-Stereo*, tuner, features include NTSC playback
     on PAL TV, US$500 (mailorder from 47th St Photo)

  o  AIWA MG360S also 3 systems, costs about US$450 (mail order, j/R
     music world, nyc, +1(800)221-8180)

  o  Another VCR that is reasonably priced is sold by Radio-Shack. The
     VCR is available through special order only; and not all Radio
     Shack employees know that this machine even exists. If they don't,
     have them look in the current catalog for #16-706. The cost is
     US$600. (You'll need a second VCR for conversions.) 1994-3

  14.1.2.  Commercial conversion


     Mind Logic <http://www.best.com/~jdulaney/convserv.html>
        They charge US$18 for the first two hours of conversion.  They
        also put together a technical overview of the subject.
        <http://www.best.com/~jdulaney/faq.html> 1996-04

     Hamilton-Smith
        Merrill, Ia, USA, hamsmith@pionet.net, tel +1(712)938-2507
        1996-04

     International Video Conversion
        520 Harvest Lane, Raleigh, NC 27606-2217, tel +1(919)233-8689

        Fees: US$25 + 5 S&H, Price of a High Grade Cassette Included,
        2hrs or less.  Delivery: Mailed back the next day, express
        shipping at request.  Payment: Check, Cash or Money Order mailed
        with tape.

     sasjrm@unx.sas.com
        does it for US$5 per hour + US$3 for the blank tape.  Formats:
        NTSC, PAL, NPAL, MPAL, SECAM, MSECAM

     Soffel VDO
        2250 Monroe St #263, Santa Clara, CA 95050, tel +1(408)985-2098

        US$20 per tape (up to 2h, each add. hour US$10). Tape, S&H
        included. Mail only, next day shipping, overnight available.
        Check, cash, money order. Does: NTSC (8mm, Hi8, VHS) -> PAL
        (VHS)

     Video Conversion
        tel +1(614)833-6872/NTSC http://www.videoconversion.com/

        Price: $9.99 + S/H for one VHS tape containing up to 3 hours of
        material


     Local shops
        Give your local shops a try! I found a Camera Shop that does PAL
        <-> NTCS conversions; a bit expensive, though (US$20/h). But if
        you need something the very next day... 1994-1

  14.2.  Movies

  14.2.1.  Dubbing?!

  American (and other foreign) films are almost always dubbed into
  German when they're released in Germany. Frequently, the title of the
  movie is changed, as well, so that it makes more sense in the German
  language.

  It is a recurring subject for discussion in soc.culture.german whether
  this is desirable or despicable. Before judging an issue like this,
  please consider the market forces at work; the point is that dubbing
  costs more than mere subtitles. Why do they do it anyway, then?
  Obviously there is a sizable and steady demand which absorbs the added
  cost! If you feel that dubbing should be abolished, then, please, also
  provide an insight in how you believe this presently existing
  preference can be redirected! 1996-03

  14.2.2.  Contacts

  Producer's Masterguide <http://www.producers.masterguide.com> (email
  producers@masterguide.com) is an international production manual for
  film, broadcast-tv, commercials, videotape & cable industries since
  1980.  1996-03

  14.3.  Mail Ordering

  14.3.1.  Audio / Music

  Some places where to get a hold of the latest from the charts; (did
  you know that modern match makers hold as an utmost important
  compatibilty criterion what the couple thinks about Volksmusik?)


  o  Euroexport Intl Music Mktg; Austin, TX, USA; +1-800-872-2966 1996-1

  o  `See the entry' on Der Buchwurm in the Books section.  1996-01

  14.3.2.  Video Tapes

  For conversion of videotapes (NTSC <-> PAL) see subject `Audio /
  Video Tapes'



     German Language Video Center
        7625-27 Pendleton Pike, Indianapolis, Indiana 46226, tel
        +1(317)547-1257

        Free catalogue; hundreds of movies; prompt and courteous
        service. The movies cost US$10.50 to rent for 30 days (includes
        shipping time to and from  you, so it's realistically about 2
        1/2 weeks), with a US$20 initial deposit (refundable when you
        decide you don't want to rent any more videos from them). 1995-3

     The Olivia and Hill Press
        PO Box 7396, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48107, tel +1(313)663-0235, fax
        +1(313)663-6590

        Selection of German-language cassette recordings of novels,
        plays, and radio plays, e.g. Duerrenmatt's Der Richter und sein
        Henker. Free catalogue.

     Schau ins Land
        PO Box 158067, Nashville, TN 37215-8067, tel +1(800)824-0829

        Monthly audio magazine of news, stories, music, etc. Comes with
        a written transcription including a vocabulary glossary.
        Approx. US$120/yr. in the US.

  14.3.3.  Page comments

  View/add comments <http://watzmann.net/comments/list.php?page_id=18>

  15.


  Foreign Affairs; Consulates / Embassies

  Some basic background; lots of addresses.  Federal Republic of Germany
  is abbreviated as FRG.

  15.1.  General Remarks on the Embassies

  The German Consulates are very helpful in getting information about
  anything concerning Germany (travel, politics, laws ...)  They're very
  thorough and supply lots of information in response to requests. Among
  other things:

  o  info about quarantine questions (importing pets)

  o  all German phonebooks available

  o  business/government directories

  o  registries of names and contact addresses of German citizens in
     foreign countries (one has to register oneself upon arrival)

     They also sponsor the German Information Center
     <http://www.germany-info.org/> (address in the `Newspapers
     section').

  For background and general information on Germany the German Embassies
  will send anyone a complimentary copy of the booklet Facts about
  Germany.

  There is a list of all embassies/consulates in the US. You get it from
  the Department of State. Its title is Foreign Consular Offices in the
  United States and it contains addresses, names of the staff and phone
  numbers. You might find the booklet in most public libraries.

  For quite a lot more embassies and consulates (etc.,) besides those
  related to the FRG, try globescope's embassy page!
  <http://www.embpage.org> 1996-10

  15.2.  Foreign Embassies in the FRG


     Botschaft der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika
        Deichmanns Aue 29, 53170 Bonn, tel +49(228)339-1/-2053, fax
        +49(228)332712, Amtsbezirk: Nordrhein-Westfalen

        There are a number of other consular instutions in the FRG ...
        in case you live elsewhere you might need to contact Berlin,
        Frankfurt, Munich, Hamburg, Leibzig, or Stuttgart. Let me know
        -- I'll get you the address, too.

      Konsulat der Ungarischen Republik
        General-Vollmann-Strasse 2, 8???? Muenchen, +49(89)911032,
        1997-06

     Die Botschaft des Staates Israel in der
        Bundesrepublik Deutschland" Simrockalle 2, 53173 Bonn, tel
        +49(228)823-0, fax +49(228)361916, fax +49(228)356093, email
        botschaft@israel.de

     Generalkonsulat des Staates Israel in Berlin
        Schinkelstrasse 10, 14193 Berlin, tel +49(30)893220-3/-4/-5, fax
        +49(30)8928908, email konsulat@israel.de 1995-11

     Botschaft von Singapur,
        Suedstr.133, 53175 Bonn, tel +49(228)9510314 1996-11

  15.3.  German Embassies and Consulates General

  The Auswaertige Amt <http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/> (Ministry of
  Foreign Affairs <> provides a list of the German       embassies
  <http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/7_aw_amt/3/7-3Adr.htm>.  For english
  speakers, there is a page in English <http://www.auswaertiges-
  amt.de/1_fremsp/english/Index2.htm> that lists the embassies in
  English speaking countries. And one for in Spanish
  <http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/1_fremsp/spanish/Index2.htm> for
  Spanish speaking countries.

  The German Information Center <http://www.germany-info.org/> maintains
  a list with the addresses of the German embassy in Washington, D.C.
  <http://www.germany-info.org/newcontent/index_ge.html>  and of the
  German consulates in the United States <http://www.germany-
  info.org/newcontent/gc/consulate_home.html>.

  Some German embassies have their own web pages: Argentina
  <http://www.embalemana.com.ar/>, Austria <http://www.deubowien.at>,
  Canada <http://www.GermanEmbassyOttawa.org/>, Chile
  <http://www.embajadadealemania.cl/>, Denmark <http://www.tyske-
  ambassade.dk/>, Egypt <http://www.german-embassy.org.eg>, Finland
  <http://www.germanembassy.fi/>, Ghana
  <http://members.aol.com/GhanaGeEmb>, Rep. de Guinee
  <http://www.zyan.com/botschaft-conakry/>, India
  <http://www.germanembassy-india.org/>, Israel
  <http://www.germanemb.org.il/>, Japan <http://www.germanembassy-
  japan.org>, Mexico <http://www.embajada-alemana.org.mx>, Namibia
  <http://www.german-embassy.org/>, Norway
  <http://home.c2i.net/germanembassy/start.htm>, Paraguay
  <http://www.pla.net.py/embalem/>, Russia <http://www.germany.org.ru>,
  Singapore <http://www.germany.org.sg/>, Slovakia
  <http://www.germanembassy.sk>, Spain <http://www.embajada-
  alemania.es/>, Switzerland
  <http://missions.itu.int/~germany/willkommen>, Thailand
  <http://www.german-embassy.or.th/>, United Kingdom <http://www.german-
  embassy.org.uk>, United States of America <http://www.germany-
  info.org>.

  15.4.  Other Foreign Affairs Institutions


     Auswaertiges Amt
        Postfach 1148, 53001 Bonn, Adenauerallee 99-103, 53113 Bonn, tel
        (0228)17-0, fax (0228)17-3402 www http://www.auswaertiges-
        amt.government.de/

     Coordinator
        Prof. Dr. Werner Weidenfeld Koordinator fuer die deutsch-
        amerikanische zwischengesellschaftliche, kultur- und
        informationspolitische Zusammenarbeit, Auswaertiges Amt,
        Postfach 1148, 53001 Bonn, tel (0228)17-26611-28701-2678, fax
        (0228)17-3402

     United States Information Agency
        German Country Affairs Offlcer 301 4th Street, S.W., Washington,
        DC 20547 USA, tel +1(202)619-5940, fax +1(202)619-6821

     Deutsch-Amerikanische Parlamentariergruppe im 12. Deutschen
        Bundestag" Referat PB 3, Sekretariat der Parlamentariergruppen,
        Bundeshaus, 53113 Bonn, tel (0228)16-7466/3588/2444/3879, fax
        (0228)16-85124

      The Congressional Study Group on Germany
        Suite 422, 1755 Massachusetts Ave., N.W. Washington, DC 20036
        USA, tel +1(202)332-3532, fax +1(202)543-7145

  15.5.


  Goethe Institutes

  The various Goethe    Institutes <http://www.goethe.de/> (English page
  <http://www.goethe.de/eindex.htm/>) are funded by the German
  government to provide an opportunity for people outside Germany to
  become acquainted with German culture and learn German. They offer:

     German        classes <http://www.goethe.de/z/demindex.htm>
        of which readers of soc.culture.german report that they are
        intense but really make you learn.

     library services <http://www.goethe.de/z/30/eniindex.htm>
        that are open to all, including getting material via
        interlibrary loan or fax. The services used to be free, but some
        locations seem to charge for them. The Goethe Institut in
        Manchester, England, for example, introduced an annual fee of
        GBP 10 in September 1999.

     exhibitions <http://www.goethe.de/a/deausst.htm>
        My favorite still is Vee have vays to make you laugh - German
        humor.

  This page <http://www.goethe.de/a/enwindex.htm> contains a list of all
  Gothe institutes world-wide, including websites, mailing addresses and
  everything else you need to get in touch with your friendly
  neighborhood Goethe Institut.

  15.5.1.  Page comments

  View/add comments
  <http://www.watzmann.net/comments/list.php?page_id=19>

  16.  Educational System


       School examinations generally furnish no basis for evaluat-
       ing aptitude ... The true test of aptitude for a profession
       does not come until later in life.


  Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen (1845-1925)

  Look at the Bildungsseiten <http://www.dino-online.de/bildung.html> of
  DINO. They cover all major issues!


  16.1.  Schools

  You find many online schools at this gopher <gopher://klinfo.unix-
  ag.uni-kl.de:71/0D%20klinfo.unix-ag.uni-
  kl.de%209000%206740%20autonews> or in this WWW server.
  <http://klinfo.unix-ag.uni-kl.de:1962/klinfo.unix-ag.uni-
  kl.de/9000/6740.html> 1995-3

  Quite a    lot of information about German schools
  <http://www.wiso.gwdg.de/ifbg/go2d.htm> you find at the DINO
  <http://www.wiso.gwdg.de/ifbg/go.htm> pages of the IFBG of the U
  Goettingen. 1995-11

  16.1.1.  The structure of the German school system

  The public schools are subject to state laws, not federal, which is
  why there are considerable differences between states.  The basic
  scheme of grammar school (years 1-4), secondary schools, level 1
  (years  5-10), secondary schools, level 2 (years 11-13) is used
  throughout the country.

  The basic law gives people the right to self-fulfillment and the right
  to choose their occupation or profession, place of work, study or
  training according to their individual abilities.  That is, every
  student can choose which school to attend (if she or he is fit to
  attend.) In Germany school attendance is compulsory for children of
  ages 7 to 18. At least nine years of this period they must attend a
  full-time school and then they choose either to continue the full-time
  schooling (Gymnasium) or attend a vocational school (Berufschule)
  parttime.

  Attendance at public schools is free of charge; textbooks and other
  supplies are usually provided for loan during the school year. By far
  the great majority of students choose public school training. There
  are private schools (notably the Waldorf schools), too. However, their
  number is very small.  1999-11

  In 1995 there were just below 10 million students in Germany -- taught
  by 670,000 teachers in 43,200 schools. 1997-06

          School type      early 1950-ies     late 1980-ies
          Hauptschule            80                32
          Realschule             7                 26
          Gymnasium              12                32
          Gesamtschule          N/A                 9


           Attendance in major German school branches (Percent)
  1997-06


  16.1.2.  Vacations

  Find an overview at FU Berlin. <http://userpage.chemie.fu-
  berlin.de/diverse/doc/ferien.html> 1996-04

  16.1.3.  International Schools in Germany


     John-F-Kennedy-Schule
        Teltower Damm 87-93 14167 Berlin tel (030)8072710 fax
        (030)8073377

      International School of Duesseldorf e.V.
        Leuchtenberger Kirchweg 2 40489 Duessseldorf tel (0211)407056
        fax (0211)4080774
     Frankfurt International School
        An der Waldlust 15 61440 Oberursel tel (0617I)202-0 fax
        (06171)202-384

     Hamburg International School
        Internationale Schule Hamburg Holmbrook 20 20605 Hamburg tel
        (040)8830010 fax (040)8811405

     Europaeische Schule Karlsruhe
        Albert-Schweitzer-Strasse 1 76139 Karlsruhe-Waldtstadt tel
        (0721)683001 fax (0721)687233

     Europaeische Schule Muenchen
        Elise-Aulinger-Strasse 21 81739 Muenchen tel (089)6372611 fax
        (089)6378418

     Munich International School
        Percha-Schloss Buchhof 82319 Starnherg tel (08151)2606-0 fax
        (08151)2606-49

  1995-10

  16.1.4.  German Schools Abroad

  The first German school abroad was founded in Osorno, Chile, in 1854;
  more than 100 years old are also the schools in Lima, Athens, Buenos
  Aires and Madrid.

  The number of German schools abroad is growing over recent years.
  Currently (1996) there are a total 139 schools with 1172 foreign-
  service teachers and 83,275 pupils. These schools may be broadly
  classified into three categories: German-language, bilingual and
  local-language. They are supported with approx. 1/3 of the federal
  cultural budget for foreign countries...some 330 million DM.

  The syllabusses of German foreign schools are at least partially
  identical  to those in Germany, thus providing a qualification which
  is recognized in Germany. Children of German parents, who live
  temporarily abroad, can return to Germany and start a vocational
  training program or college without further difficulties. The
  bilingual character and bi-cultural educational objectives is of
  growing importance, too. The diplomas issued by German schools abroad
  are recognized in both countries.



                               Schools     Teachers     Pupils
                    Africa           4           24        520
                   America           5           46       1996
            Asia/Australia          20           92       3230
                    Europe          13          116       3252


              German-language: German educational objective




  16.1.5.  Summer Schools for German Abroad

  (Actually only in the US, so far...)

     German Institute of German Language and Culture
        Summer Sessions, Dept. GH, University of California, Santa
        Barbara, CA 93106-2010 USA, tel +1(805)893-7053



                               Schools     Teachers     Pupils
                    Africa           7          135       5757
                   America          16          237      22615
            Asia/Australia           -            -          -
                    Europe          27          412       8195


                 Bilingual: integrated teaching program;
  bi-cultural education objective


                               Schools     Teachers     Pupils
                    Africa           1            2        204
                   America          20           75      15193
            Asia/Australia           2            -        428
                    Europe          24           33      11915


               Local-language: additional German teaching;
  leads to German Diploma of Conference of Culture Ministers

     Yale Summer Institute fuer Sprachen
        Yale Summer Language Institute, P.O.Box 2145, Yale Station, New
        Haven, CT 06520 USA, tel +1(203)432-2430, fax +1(203)432-2434

     Deutsche Sommerschule im Suedosten
        263 Duaer Hall, University of Florida, Gainesviiie, FL 32611
        USA, tel +1(904)392-2101

     Sommerschule in the Nation's Capital
        Dept. of Germanic and Slavic Languages, University of Maryland,
        College Park, MD 20742 USA, tel +1(301)405-4091

     Waldsee German Village
        Concordia Language Villages, Moorhead, MN 56560 USA, tel
        +1(218)299-4544, fax +1(218)299-3807, www
        http://www.cord.edu/dept/clv/Waldsee.html
        <http://www.cord.edu/dept/clv/Waldsee.html> 1996-11

     Deutsche Sommerschule Taos
        University of New Mexico, Ortega Hall, Room 437-B, Albuquerque,
        NM 87131 USA, tel +1(505)277-5335, fax +1(505)277-9138

     Deutsche Sommerschule am Pazifik
        Portland State University, P.O.Box 751, Portland, OR 97207 USA,
        tel +1(503)7254183, fax +1(503)725-4840

     Deutsche Sommerschule an der Millersville University
        Department of Foreign Languages, Millersville University,
        Millersville, PA 17551 USA, tel +1(717)872-3526, fax
        +1(717)871-2003

     Deutsche Sommerschule am Atlantik
        Department of Languages, University of Rhode Island, Building
        129, Independence Hall, Kingston, RI 02881 USA, tel
        +1(401)7925911, fax +1(401)7924694

     Deutsche Sommerschule in Middlebury
        206 Sunderland Language Center, Middlebury Gollege, Middlebury,
        VT 05753 USA, tel +1(802)3883711, fax +1(802)388-1253

  1995-10


  16.2.  Universities

  16.2.1.  Statistics


     Total number of students in the Federal Republic of
        Germany" in 1993: 1,875,200

     Where students live. (Percentages, 1993 values)


                In their own apartments                 40
                With their parents, other relatives     21
                In appartments with other students      20
                In student halls of residence           13
                In lodgings                             6

        1997-06

     Most frequently chosen academic majors


                    Business studies           127,641
                    Law                        93,341
                    Medicine                   88,000
                    Mechanical Engineering     85,889
                    Electrical engineering     79,678
                    Economics                  67,748
                    German                     66,543
                    Computer science           45,900
                    Civil engineering          43,176
                    Biology                    41,380


                           Values are for 1993

     Number of institutions of higher education


              Universities / Technical Universities      80
              Theological Colleges                       17
              Polytechnic Universities                   8
              Teachers Colleges                          8
              Art Colleges/Music Colleges                45
              Polytechnic Colleges                       127
              Civil Service Training Colleges            30


                           Values are for 1993

     The largest student populations



                           Berlin      150,000
                           Munich      105,000
                           Cologne     82,000


                           Values are for 1993

  16.2.2.  Listings, Rankings




  16.2.2.1.  Listings

  The most accessible listing of the many German universities is
  probably  found in The World of Learning, which should be in the
  reference section of the libraries of most universities in the English
  speaking world.  It lists Universities, faculties, departments,
  affiliated organizations, as well as academic staff with respective
  general areas of specialization (e.g. structural mechanics). 1994-3

  16.2.2.2.  Rankings

  There are no rankings for German universities in the American sense of
  the word, with widely accepted institutionalized reference listings.
  Some news magazines have picked up the habit of running annual surveys
  (you figure out their models;-) The two most typically employed
  methods are inqueries on faculty level about the best other-than-your-
  own unversity (in their field of expertise) and on students level
  about the quality of their school as they perceive it. 1996-03

  16.2.3.  Studying at a German University; Exchange Programs

  Foreign students from a large number of countries who want to study
  after high school at a German university or Fachhochschule need to
  attend the Studienkolleg for two semesters and pass an examination.
  Tuition at a Studienkolleg is free.  Information about Studienkollegs
  in Germany: Guenther Miklitz, Studienkolleg fuer auslaendische
  Studierende, an der Universitaet Bonn, email      usa000@ibm.rhrz.uni-
  bonn.de 1994-11

  Although the German educational system is quite different from the US
  system (no degree until a masters equivalent etc.,) it's still
  possible to obtain a German degree with non-German background. The
  place to contact is the Auslandsamt (foreign office) of the involved
  universities.

  Usually it is easier to just go with an organized program.  Especially
  since these programs usually guarantee some sort of credit transfer
  which is (depending on your home university) hard to impossible to get
  otherwise. Some programs also include special classes (sometimes in
  English, sometimes German classes for foreigners...) which will
  otherwise not be offered -- German students are supposed to find their
  own way through the university jungle...

  The big advantage of going alone is the financial aspect.  Education
  in Germany is basically free i.e. university students pay a nominal
  tuition of typically approximately US$30 a semester for their
  education (plus books, living expenses and the usual public
  transportation -- all of which amounts to an (estimated) US$600-900 a
  month, less in the eastern part of Germany.) Students in Germany
  typically live in (shared) apartments, dorm rooms are only available
  for about 3-8% of the students (these numbers being higher in the
  east). Getting a dorm room is often included in organized programs, I
  suppose it will be hard to find one, if you're on your own, but your
  can always try. (Getting a dorm room will probably save about
  US$100/month.)  1995-3

  16.2.3.1.  Exchange programs and organizations

  For students of subjects related to economy the AIESEC organization
  may be a valuable pointer! In Germany you can try, e.g.,

       Deutsches Komitee der AIESEC e.V. Subbelrather Str. 247
       50825 Koeln tel +49(221)551056

  and most universities should be able to help locate local branches.

  For more information on the Ontario/Baden-Wuerttemberg Exchange
  <http://info.queensu.ca/exchange/index.html> program send an email to
  ontbw@post.queensu.ca to

       Ontario/Baden-Wuerttemberg University Student Exchange
       Kingston Hall, Room 400 A, Queen's University, Kingston,
       Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada; tel: +1-613-545-6924 fax:
       +1-613-545-6930

  1996-02

  A good general collection on the topics (also interesting for German
  students who want to study abroad) can be found at the gopher of U
  Kaiserslautern <gopher://klinfo.unix-ag.uni-kl.de/> 1996-04

  16.2.4.  Finding the Right One... (On-Line)

  There are several other files available:

  o  Martin   Schwartz <mailto:schwartz@cs.tu-berlin.de>  maintains a
     list of all German universities, Fachhochschulen, Berufsakademien
     and other institutions of higher learning at this website
     <http://user.cs.tu-berlin.de/~schwartz/hochschulen.html> 1999-04

  o  Felix   Holderied <http://www.holderied.de/> maintains  a similar,
     more compact list
     <http://www.holderied.de/DeutscheHochschulen.html> 1999-04

  o  The virtual library <http://www.rz.uni-
     karlsruhe.de/Outerspace/VirtualLibrary/> at U Karlsruhe offers an
     impressive collection  of pointers sorted by subject. Most of these
     point to university sources.1995-6

  o  This list <http://www.mit.edu/people/cdemello/de.html> of
     universities and the like, which by now is a bit dated, might also
     be quite useful to some folks.

     1999-04 ok

  Also you should check the Zentralvergabestelle fuer Studienplaetze
  (ZVS)

       ZVS, Sonnenstrasse 171, 44137 Dortmund, Germany

  1996-02

  16.3.  Volkshochschulen

  The Volkshochschulen <http://www.vhs.de/> are evening schools  open to
  everybody. For a modest fee of some amount (from around DM 20 to maybe
  DM 200; depends much on the type of course you choose) they offer
  courses to further your professional background, to prepare for taking
  the Abitur examination, or for plain pleasure and hobby interests.
  Most Volkshochschulen also offer "Deutsch fuer Auslaender" (German for
  foreigners). 1999-11

  16.4.  Education-Relevant Addresses


     Deutsche        Forschungsgemeinschaft <http://www.dfg.de/>
        Similar to the NSF in the USA.

      Deutscher        Akademischer Austauschdienst, DAAD
        <http://www.daad.de>
        1999-04

        The addresses of the branch offices of the DAAD
        <http://www.daad.de> can be found at this website
        <http://www2.daad.de/allgemein/en/aussenstellen/index.html>.

        The DAAD is

     o  an organisation of the institutions of higher education and
        student bodies in the Federal Republic of Germany, founded in
        1925, refounded in 1950

     o  an institution for the promotion of international academic
        exchanges

     o  an intermediary for the implementation of foreign cultural and
        academic policy as well as for the educational co-operation with
        developing countries

     o  the national agency for the EU programmes ERASMUS and LINGUA and
        German information service for COMETT and TEMPUS

     o  the IAESTE National Committee for the exchange of student
        trainees

        (The above is an excerpt from http://www.geist.de/daad/info-
        E.html. ) 1996-09

        Very important for foreign students who want to study in Germany
        and also for German students who want to study in another
        country.  They also have an office in New        York
        <http://www.daad.org> 1999-04

     Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes <http://www.studiens-
        tiftung.de/>
        Mirbachstr. 7, 53173 Bonn 1, tel +49(228)354091

        An important source of scholarships for German students abroad
        and in Germany, essentially a national honors society.
        Membership is by invitation only. 1999-04  An older,
        inofficial website <http://www.rz.tu-ilmenau.de/~stusti/> with
        inofficial materials. 1997-01

     Fulbright-Kommission
        Theaterplatz 1a, PF 200555, 53177 Bonn (Bad Godesberg), Germany
        tel +49(228)363130 1995-4

     Konferenz der Kultusminister
        Postfach 22 40, 53012 Bonn

        This is the place where they decide about transferability of
        foreign academic degrees. Maybe they answer questions. Any
        experience how helpful this address is?

     Representative of German Industry and Trade
        One Farragut Square South, Washington, DC. 20006, tel
        +1(202)347-0247

  16.4.1.  Page comments


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  17.  Economy; Industry; Working in Germany



  The prospering of the economy is most closely intertwined
  with the fate of our democratic state.


  Ludwig Erhard (1897-1977)

  17.1.

  News, Overviews, Briefs, Stock Data       and other Databases

  17.1.1.  On-Line


  o  Frankfurt Stock Quotes <http://www.deutsche-bank.de/cgi/aktien>
     (via Deutsche Bank) 1996-04

  o  Rainer Schulzes German Financial Pointers <http://elib.zib-
     berlin.de:88/~mail/finanz/German/finanz.html> 1996-04

  o  Teleserv's German Stock Quotes
     <http://www.teleserv.co.uk/stock/german/todate/index.htm> (from
     1995 on) 1996-04

  o  The best databases
     <http://www.wirtschaftswoche.co.at/wirtschaftswoche/business.html>
     (by Wirtschaftswoche Oesterreich) 1996-02

  o  Library databases <http://www.laum.uni-
     hannover.de/iln/bibliotheken/wirtschaft.html> 1995-11

  o  Top 500 German companies <http://www-dw.gmd.de:80/cgi-
     bin/listfolder/faz/t500.html> 1996-02

  o  U Frankfurt server <http://www.wiwi.uni-
     frankfurt.de/AG/JWGI/data.htm> has a good collection of several
     pointers

  o  Deutsche Aktienkurse <http://www.wiwi.uni-
     frankfurt.de/AG/JWGI/JWGIvt.html> 1995-11

  o  German Brief (FAZ) <http://www-dw.gmd.de/cgi-
     bin/listfolder/faz/gb9502.html> 1995-11

  o  DINO        Wirtschaftsseite <http://www.dino-online.de/wirt.html>
     1995-11

  o  BR - Geld <http://www.br-online.de/geld/> 1996-02

  17.1.2.  Other

  Wer gehoert wem?, a publication of Commerzbank describing most major
  German companies (i.e. nearly all AG's). Available at local branches
  of the Commerzbank for about DM 10. 1996-03

  17.2.  DIN, ISO

  For more on the work on standards by the Deutsches Institut fuer
  Normen check out their website <http://www.din.de>.

  To find out about the International Organisation for Standards have a
  look at ISO Online <http://www.iso.ch/>. A few ISO standards are
  available from this ftp-server <ftp://ftp.std.com/obi/Standards/ISO/>




  17.3.  Economy Research Institutes


  o  DIW <http://www.diw-berlin.de/> Deutsches Institut fuer
     Wirtschaftsforschung 1996-02

  o  HWWA <http://www.hwwa.uni-hamburg.de/> Institut fuer
     Wirtschaftsforschung 1996-02

  17.4.

  Bundesstelle fuer Aussenhandelsinformation (BfAI)

  Agrippastrasse 87-93 50676 Koeln, Postfach 100522, 50445 Koeln Tel.:
  (0221)2057-0 Fax:    (0221)2057-212 1997-06

  17.5.  Looking for Individual Jobs

  For temporary stays it might be best to apply with one of the exchange
  programs. Contact the nearest `German consulate,'  ask about the
  `DAAD' (German Academic Exchange Service).

  For academic positions, the traditional paper to consult is `Die
  Zeit' 1996-10

  17.5.1.  Some Addresses


     Zentralstelle fuer Arbeitsvermittlung
        Feuerbachstrasse 42-46, 60325 Frankfurt/Main, tel +49(69)71110,
        fax +49(69)7111555


          This is an important address for people who want to work
          in Germany.


     Association for International Practical Training (AIPT)
        217 American City Building, Columbia, MD 21044-3492, tel
        +1(301)997-2200

     PUMA <http://www.bwl.uni-mannheim.de/Praktikum/>
        requests  and offers of Practical training U Mannheim1996-02

     Link collections
        The physics department at the U Bielefeld
        <http://www.physik.uni-bielefeld.de/links/jobs.html> and at the
        U Wuerzburg <http://cip.physik.uni-wuerzburg.de/jobs.html>
        maintain pages with links.

  17.6.  Chambers of Commerce (Industrie- und Handelskammer)

  The Chambers of Commerce maintain a list of the German companies in
  the respective countries along with their addresses which you can
  purchase. The price varies according to how detailed a list you wish
  to have.

     The German-American Chamber of Commerce
        465 California Street, Suite 910, San Francisco, CA 94104, tel
        +1(415)392-2262

     German-American Chamber of Commerce
        104 S. Michigan Ave. Suite 600, Chicago, IL 60603-5978, tel
        +1(312)782-8557; +1(312)641-6673


     German-American Chamber of Commerce
        909 Fannin Suite 3750, Suite 3418, Houston, TX 77010, tel
        +1(713)658-8230

     German-American Chamber of Commerce
        5220 Pacific Concourse Drive, Suite 280 Los Angeles, CA 90045,
        USA; tel +1(310)297-7979 telephone, fax +1(310)297-7966 telefax
        1996-09

     German-American Chamber of Commerce
        666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10103, tel +1(212)974-8830;
        +1(213)582-7788

     German-American Chamber of Commerce
        Peachtree Center Harris Tower, 233 Peachtree Street NE, Suite
        2701, Atlanta, GA 30303, tel +1(404)577-7228

     Camera de Comercio Uruguayo-Alemana
        Zamala 1379 Piso 4, CC 1499, Montevideo, tel 405813

     Deutsch-Paraguayanische Industrie- und Handelskammer
        Camera de la Industria y del Comercio, Juan O'Leary 409,
        Estrella Ed. Parapito Piso 2 Oficina 201, CC 201, Asuncion, tel
        446594

     Deutsch-Argentinische Industrie- und Handelskammer
        Camera de la Industria y del Comercio, Florida 547, Buenos
        Aires, tel 3939006, 3939007

  17.7.  What is the minimum wage in Germany ?

  There is no such thing as an overall minimum wage defined by law.
  There are special regulations and agreements with certain sectors,
  i.e., construction companies are obliged to pay their workers a
  minimum hourly wage per an agreement between unions and employers.

  The position of trade unions is stronger than in most other countries.
  Every industrial sector has its wage agreements and most companies pay
  accordingly. Wages for certain kind of work are described with much
  detail, this involves of course a minimum for the wage.

  Although there are no state-mandated minimum wages one can say that
  something similar exists. Everyone has a right to Sozialhilfe (social
  welfare)  which is defined very well.  No matter whether you are
  employed or not, you always have the right to a (very limited) income.
  If you work for less, you will get the rest from the local Sozialamt,
  the social welfare administration, run by the city or county
  government.

  Sozialhilfe for a family of four is rumored to be a little less than
  2000 DM per month, excluding rent. The rent for a reasonable (and
  often subsidized) apartment is payed by the government on top of this.

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