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RFC 6915 - Flow Identity Extension for HTTP-Enabled Location Del


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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         R. Bellis
Request for Comments: 6915                                    Nominet UK
Updates: 6155                                                 April 2013
Category: Standards Track
ISSN: 2070-1721

   Flow Identity Extension for HTTP-Enabled Location Delivery (HELD)

Abstract

   RFC 6155 specifies an extension for the HTTP-Enabled Location
   Delivery (HELD) protocol, allowing the use of an IP address and port
   number to request a Device location based on an individual packet
   flow.

   However, certain kinds of NAT require that identifiers for both ends
   of the packet flow must be specified in order to unambiguously
   satisfy the location request.

   This document specifies an XML Schema and a URN Sub-Namespace for a
   Flow Identity Extension for HELD to support this requirement.

   This document updates RFC 6155 by deprecating the port number
   elements specified therein.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6915.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Conventions Used in This Document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  Usage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  XML Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   5.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     5.1.  URN Sub-Namespace Registration for
           urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow . . . . . . . . .  6
     5.2.  XML Schema Registration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   6.  Privacy Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   7.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   8.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   9.  References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     9.1. Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     9.2. Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8

1.  Introduction

   Work at the Emergency Location Task Group of NICC Standards Limited
   (the UK's telecoms industry standards body) prompted the addition of
   port number identifiers in HELD Identity [RFC6155] to allow HELD
   [RFC5985] requests for Devices that are behind NAT devices.

   Subsequent analysis has determined that in the presence of particular
   types of NAT devices, and in particular Carrier Grade NATs, it is
   necessary to know the complete tuple of (Layer 3 protocol, Layer 4
   protocol, source address, source port, destination address,
   destination port) in order to unambiguously identify a flow, and
   subsequently the true Device.

   This document specifies an XML Schema and a URN Sub-Namespace for a
   Flow Identity Extension to support this requirement and provides a
   more generally applicable means of identifying a Device based on the
   parameters of a network flow of which it is an endpoint.

   Since the Location Recipient may not know in advance whether the
   Device is behind a NAT device, the port number elements from Section
   3.3 of [RFC6155] are deprecated and MUST NOT be used in new client
   implementations.  Note that server implementations of this
   specification may still encounter requests formed by clients that
   have implemented only [RFC6155], and those requests might contain the
   deprecated port element.

   For implementation details not specified in this document, please
   refer to [RFC6155] and [RFC5985].

2.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

   The terms "Device" and "Target" are used as defined in [RFC6280].

3.  Usage

   An example HELD request is shown below:

   <locationRequest xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held"
                         responseTime="8">
     <locationType exact="true">geodetic</locationType>
     <flow xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow"
       layer4="tcp" layer3="ipv4">
       <src>
         <address>192.0.2.25</address>
         <port>1024</port>
       </src>
       <dst>
         <address>198.51.100.238</address>
         <port>80</port>
       </dst>
     </flow>
   </locationRequest>

   The <flow> element MUST contain:

   o  a "layer3" attribute with a value of "ipv4" or "ipv6".

   o  a "layer4" attribute with a value of "udp" [RFC0768], "tcp"
      [RFC0793], "sctp" [RFC4960], "dccp" [RFC4340], or a decimal
      integer representing any applicable protocol from the IANA
      Assigned Internet Protocol Numbers Registry.

   o  an <src> element and a <dst> element whose child elements contain
      the Layer 3 address (which MUST conform to the relevant
      "IPv4address" or "IPv6address" grammar as defined in [RFC3986])
      and the Layer 4 port number of each end of the flow.

   and MAY optionally contain:

   o  a "target" attribute with a value of "src" (default) or "dst" to
      indicate which end of the flow corresponds to the Target of the
      <locationRequest> with respect to the HELD protocol.

4.  XML Schema

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <xs:schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow"
     xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
     xmlns:flow="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow"
     elementFormDefault="qualified">

     <xs:annotation>
       <xs:appinfo
         source="urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:geopriv:held:flow">
         HELD Flow Identity</xs:appinfo>
       <xs:documentation
         source="http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc6915.txt">
         This document defines Flow Identity elements for HELD.
       </xs:documentation>
     </xs:annotation>

     <xs:element name="flow" type="flow:flowIdentity"/>

     <xs:complexType name="flowIdentity">
       <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="src" type="flow:flowEndpoint"/>
         <xs:element name="dst" type="flow:flowEndpoint"/>
       </xs:sequence>
       <xs:attribute name="target" default="src">
         <xs:simpleType>
           <xs:restriction base="xs:token">
             <xs:pattern value="(src|dst)"/>
           </xs:restriction>
         </xs:simpleType>
       </xs:attribute>
       <xs:attribute name="layer3" use="required">
         <xs:simpleType>
           <xs:restriction base="xs:token">
             <xs:pattern value="(ipv4|ipv6)"/>
           </xs:restriction>
         </xs:simpleType>
       </xs:attribute>
       <xs:attribute name="layer4" use="required">
         <xs:simpleType>
           <xs:restriction base="xs:token">
             <xs:pattern value="(udp|tcp|sctp|dccp|\d+)"/>
           </xs:restriction>
         </xs:simpleType>
       </xs:attribute>
     </xs:complexType>

     <xs:complexType name="flowEndpoint">
       <xs:all>
         <xs:element name="address">
           <xs:simpleType>
             <xs:restriction base="xs:token"/>
           </xs:simpleType>
         </xs:element>
         <xs:element name="port">
           <xs:simpleType>
             <xs:restriction base="xs:unsignedShort">
               <xs:minInclusive value="1"/>
             </xs:restriction>
           </xs:simpleType>
         </xs:element>
       </xs:all>
     </xs:complexType>
   </xs:schema>

5.  IANA Considerations

5.1.  URN Sub-Namespace Registration for
      urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow

   This section registers a new XML namespace,
   "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow", as per the guidelines in
   [RFC3688].

   URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow

   Registrant Contact: IETF GEOPRIV Working Group (geopriv@ietf.org),
   Ray Bellis (ray.bellis@nominet.org.uk)

   XML:

   BEGIN
     <?xml version="1.0"?>
     <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
       "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
     <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en">
       <head>
         <title>HELD Flow Identity Parameters</title>
       </head>
       <body>
         <h1>Namespace for HELD Flow Identity Parameters</h1>
         <h2>urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow</h2>
         <p>See <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc6915.txt">
            RFC 6915</a>.</p>
       </body>
     </html>
   END

5.2.  XML Schema Registration

   This section registers an XML Schema as per the guidelines in
   [RFC3688].

   URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow

   Registrant Contact: IETF GEOPRIV Working Group (geopriv@ietf.org),
   Ray Bellis (ray.bellis@nominet.org.uk)

   Schema: The XML for this schema can be found as the entirety of
   Section 4 of this document.

6.  Privacy Considerations

   All of the considerations in [RFC6155] apply to the use of the
   mechanism defined in this document.  Like [RFC6155], this
   specification assumes that the Location Server being queried already
   has access to the internal state of the network near one end of the
   flow being queried (for instance, access to the bindings in a NAT in
   the path of the flow).  Clients making queries using this
   specification in environments where that assumption may not be true
   should be aware that the request provides information about that
   client's communications that the Location Server would not otherwise
   be able to discern and may represent additional privacy exposure for
   that client.

7.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces no new security considerations beyond those
   in [RFC6155].

8.  Acknowledgements

   The author wishes to thank the members of the NICC Emergency Location
   Task Group, the IETF GeoPriv Working Group, and the authors of
   [RFC6155], from which the text for the URN and XML Schema
   Registrations were derived.

9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              January 2004.

   [RFC3986]  Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
              Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66, RFC
              3986, January 2005.

   [RFC5985]  Barnes, M., "HTTP-Enabled Location Delivery (HELD)", RFC
              5985, September 2010.

   [RFC6155]  Winterbottom, J., Thomson, M., Tschofenig, H., and R.
              Barnes, "Use of Device Identity in HTTP-Enabled Location
              Delivery (HELD)", RFC 6155, March 2011.

9.2.  Informative References

   [RFC0768]  Postel, J., "User Datagram Protocol", STD 6, RFC 768,
              August 1980.

   [RFC0793]  Postel, J., "Transmission Control Protocol", STD 7, RFC
              793, September 1981.

   [RFC4340]  Kohler, E., Handley, M., and S. Floyd, "Datagram
              Congestion Control Protocol (DCCP)", RFC 4340, March 2006.

   [RFC4960]  Stewart, R., "Stream Control Transmission Protocol", RFC
              4960, September 2007.

   [RFC6280]  Barnes, R., Lepinski, M., Cooper, A., Morris, J.,
              Tschofenig, H., and H. Schulzrinne, "An Architecture for
              Location and Location Privacy in Internet Applications",
              BCP 160, RFC 6280, July 2011.

Author's Address

   Ray Bellis
   Nominet UK
   Edmund Halley Road
   Oxford  OX4 4DQ
   United Kingdom

   Phone: +44 1865 332211
   EMail: ray.bellis@nominet.org.uk
   URI:   http://www.nominet.org.uk/

 

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