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RFC 6332 - Multicast Acquisition Report Block Type for RTP Contr


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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                          A. Begen
Request for Comments: 6332                                  E. Friedrich
Category: Standards Track                                          Cisco
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                July 2011

              Multicast Acquisition Report Block Type for
           RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Reports (XRs)

Abstract

   In most RTP-based multicast applications, the RTP source sends inter-
   related data.  Due to this interdependency, randomly joining RTP
   receivers usually cannot start consuming the multicast data right
   after they join the session.  Thus, they often experience a random
   acquisition delay.  An RTP receiver can use one or more different
   approaches to achieve rapid acquisition.  Yet, due to various
   factors, performance of the rapid acquisition methods usually varies.
   Furthermore, in some cases, the RTP receiver can do a simple
   multicast join (in other cases, it is compelled to do so).  For
   quality reporting, monitoring, and diagnostic purposes, it is
   important to collect detailed information from the RTP receivers
   about their acquisition and presentation experiences.  This document
   addresses this issue by defining a new report block type, called the
   Multicast Acquisition (MA) report block, within the framework of RTP
   Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Reports (XRs) (RFC 3611).  This
   document also defines the necessary signaling of the new MA report
   block type in the Session Description Protocol (SDP).

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6332.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Requirements Notation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3.  Definitions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  Multicast Acquisition (MA) Report Block  . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     4.1.  Base Report  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
       4.1.1.  Status Code Rules for New MA Methods . . . . . . . . .  6
       4.1.2.  Status Code Rules for the RAMS Method  . . . . . . . .  6
     4.2.  Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
       4.2.1.  Vendor-Neutral Extensions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
       4.2.2.  Private Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
   5.  Session Description Protocol Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
   6.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   7.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     7.1.  RTCP XR Block Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     7.2.  RTCP XR SDP Parameter  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     7.3.  Multicast Acquisition Method Registry  . . . . . . . . . . 12
     7.4.  Multicast Acquisition Report Block TLV Space Registry  . . 12
     7.5.  Multicast Acquisition Status Code Space Registry . . . . . 13
   8.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   9.  References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
     9.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
     9.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

1.  Introduction

   The RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) is the out-of-band control protocol
   for applications that use the Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) for
   media transport [RFC3550].  In addition to providing minimal control
   functionality to RTP entities, RTCP also enables a basic-level
   monitoring of RTP sessions via sender and receiver reports.  More
   statistically detailed monitoring as well as application-specific
   monitoring are usually achieved through the RTCP Extended Reports
   (XRs) [RFC3611].

   In most RTP-based multicast applications such as the ones carrying
   video content, the RTP source sends inter-related data.
   Consequently, the RTP application may not be able to decode and
   present the data in an RTP packet before decoding the data in one or
   more earlier RTP packets and/or before acquiring some Reference
   Information about the content itself.  Thus, RTP receivers that are
   randomly joining a multicast session often experience a random
   acquisition delay.  In order to reduce this delay, [RFC6285] proposes
   an approach where an auxiliary unicast RTP session is established
   between a retransmission server and the joining RTP receiver.  Over
   this unicast RTP session, the retransmission server provides the
   Reference Information, which is all the information the RTP receiver
   needs to rapidly acquire the multicast stream.  This method is
   referred to as the Rapid Acquisition of Multicast RTP Sessions
   (RAMS).  However, depending on the variability in the Source
   Filtering Group Management Protocol (SFGMP) processing times, the
   availability of network resources for rapid acquisition, and the
   nature of the RTP data, not all RTP receivers can acquire the
   multicast stream in the same amount of time.  The performance of
   rapid acquisition may vary not only for different RTP receivers but
   also over time.

   To increase the visibility of the multicast service provider in its
   network, to diagnose slow multicast acquisition issues, and to
   collect the acquisition experiences of the RTP receivers, this
   document defines a new report block type, which is called the
   Multicast Acquisition (MA) report block, within the framework of RTCP
   XR.  RTP receivers that use the method described in [RFC6285] may use
   this report every time they join a new multicast RTP session.  RTP
   receivers that use a different method for rapid acquisition or those
   that do not use any method but rather do a simple multicast join may
   also use this report.  This way, the multicast service provider can
   quantitatively compare the improvements achieved by different
   methods.

2.  Requirements Notation

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   [RFC2119].

3.  Definitions

   This document uses the acronyms and definitions from Section 3 of
   [RFC6285].

4.  Multicast Acquisition (MA) Report Block

   This section defines the format of the MA report block.  The base
   report is payload independent.  An extension mechanism is provided
   where further optional payload-independent and payload-specific
   information can be included in the report as desired.

   The OPTIONAL extensions that are defined in this document are
   primarily developed for the method presented in [RFC6285].  Other
   methods that provide rapid acquisition can define their own
   extensions to be used in the MA report block.

   The packet format for the RTCP XR is defined in Section 2 of
   [RFC3611].  Each XR packet has a fixed-length field for version,
   padding, reserved bits, payload type (PT), length, synchronization
   source (SSRC) of packet sender as well as a variable-length field for
   report blocks.  In the XR packets, the PT field is set to XR (207).

   It is better to send the MA report block after all the necessary
   information is collected and computed.  Partial reporting is
   generally not useful as it cannot give the full picture of the
   multicast acquisition, and it causes additional complexity in terms
   of report block matching and correlation.  The MA report block is
   only sent as a part of an RTCP compound packet, and it is sent in the
   primary multicast session.

   The need for reliability of the MA report block is not any greater
   than other report blocks or types.  If desired, the report block
   could be repeated for redundancy purposes while respecting the RTCP
   scheduling algorithms.

   Following the rules specified in [RFC3550], all integer fields in the
   base report and extensions defined below are carried in network-byte
   order, that is, most significant byte (octet) first, also known as
   big-endian.  Unless otherwise stated, numeric constants are in
   decimal (base 10).

4.1.  Base Report

   The base report format is shown in Figure 1.

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |     BT=11     |   MA Method   |         Block Length          |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |              SSRC of the Primary Multicast Stream             |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |             Status            |             Rsvd.             |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

           Figure 1: Base Report Format for the MA Report Block

   o  BT (8 bits): Field that denotes the type for this block format.
      The MA report block is identified by the constant 11.

   o  MA Method (8 bits): Field that denotes the type of the MA method
      (e.g., simple join, RAMS, etc.).  See Section 7.3 for the values
      registered with IANA.

   o  Block Length (16 bits): The length of this report block, including
      the header, in 32-bit words minus one.

   o  SSRC of the Primary Multicast Stream (32 bits): Field that denotes
      the SSRC of the primary multicast stream.

   o  Status (16 bits): Field that denotes the status code for the MA
      operation.

      This document defines several status codes and registers them with
      IANA in Section 7.5.  If a new vendor-neutral status code will be
      defined, it MUST be registered with IANA according to the
      guidelines specified in Section 7.5.  If the new status code is
      intended to be used privately by a vendor, there is no need for
      IANA management.  Section 4.2.2 defines how a vendor defines and
      uses private extensions to convey its messages.

      To indicate use of a private extension, the RTP receiver MUST set
      the Status field to zero.  A private extension MUST NOT be used in
      an XR unless the RTP receiver knows from out-of-band methods that
      the entity that will receive and process the XR understands the
      private extension.

   o  Rsvd. (16 bits): The RTP receiver MUST set this field to zero.
      The recipient MUST ignore this field when received.

   If the multicast join was successful, meaning that at least one
   multicast packet was received, some additional information MUST be
   appended to the base report as described in Section 4.2.1.

4.1.1.  Status Code Rules for New MA Methods

   Different MA methods usually use different status codes, although
   some status codes (e.g., a code indicating that multicast join has
   failed) can be common among multiple MA methods.  The status code
   reported in the base report MUST always be within the scope of the
   particular MA method specified in the MA Method field.

   In certain MA methods, the RTP receiver can generate a status code
   for its multicast acquisition attempt or can be told by another
   network element or RTP endpoint what the current status is via a
   response code.  In such cases, the RTP receiver MAY report the value
   of the received response code as its status code if the response code
   has a higher priority.  Each MA method needs to outline the rules
   pertaining to its response and status codes so that RTP receiver
   implementations can determine what to report in any given scenario.

4.1.2.  Status Code Rules for the RAMS Method

   In this section, we provide the status code rules for the RAMS method
   described in [RFC6285].

   Section 11.6 of [RFC6285] defines several response codes.  The 1xx-
   and 2xx-level response codes are informational and success response
   codes, respectively.  If the RTP receiver receives a 1xx- or 2xx-
   level response code, then the RTP receiver MUST use one of the 1xxx-
   level status codes defined in Section 7.5 of this document.  If the
   RTP receiver receives a 4xx- or 5xx-level response code (indicating
   receiver-side and server-side errors, respectively), then the RTP
   receiver MUST use the response code as its status code.  In other
   words, the 4xx- and 5xx-level response codes have a higher priority
   than the 1xxx-level status codes.

4.2.  Extensions

   To improve the reporting scope, it might be desirable to define new
   fields in the MA report block.  Such fields are to be encoded as TLV
   elements as described below and sketched in Figure 2:

   o  Type: A single-octet identifier that defines the type of the
      parameter represented in this TLV element.

   o  Length: A two-octet field that indicates the length (in octets) of
      the TLV element excluding the Type and Length fields and the 8-bit
      Reserved field between them.  Note that this length does not
      include any padding that is needed for alignment.

   o  Value: Variable-size set of octets that contains the specific
      value for the parameter.

   In the extensions, the Reserved field MUST be set to zero and ignored
   on reception.  If a TLV element does not fall on a 32-bit boundary,
   the last word MUST be padded to the boundary using further bits set
   to zero.

   In the MA report block, the RTP receiver MUST place any vendor-
   neutral or private extension after the base report.

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |     Type      |   Reserved    |            Length             |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     :                             Value                             :
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

                   Figure 2: Structure of a TLV Element

4.2.1.  Vendor-Neutral Extensions

   If the goal in defining new TLV elements is to extend the report
   block in a vendor-neutral manner, they need to be registered with
   IANA according to the guidelines provided in Section 7.4.

   This document defines several vendor-neutral extensions.  First, we
   present the TLV elements that can be used by any RTP-based multicast
   application.

   o  RTP Seqnum of the First Multicast Packet (16 bits): TLV element
      that specifies the RTP sequence number of the first multicast
      packet received for the primary multicast stream.  If the
      multicast join was successful, this element MUST be included.  If
      no multicast packet has been received, this element MUST NOT exist
      in the report block.

      Type: 1

   o  SFGMP Join Time (32 bits): TLV element that denotes the greater of
      zero or the time difference (in ms) between the instant the SFGMP
      Join message was sent and the instant the first packet was

      received in the multicast session.  If the multicast join was
      successful, this element MUST be included.  If no multicast packet
      has been received, this element MUST NOT exist in the report
      block.

      Type: 2

   o  Application Request-to-Multicast Delta Time (32 bits): OPTIONAL
      TLV element that denotes the time difference (in ms) between the
      instant the application became aware it would join a new multicast
      session and the instant the first RTP packet was received from the
      primary multicast stream.  If no such packet has been received,
      this element MUST NOT exist in the report block.

      Type: 3

   o  Application Request-to-Presentation Delta Time (32 bits): OPTIONAL
      TLV element that denotes the time difference (in ms) between the
      instant the application became aware it would join a new multicast
      session and the instant the media was first presented.  If the RTP
      receiver cannot successfully present the media, this element MUST
      NOT exist in the report block.

      Type: 4

   We next present the TLV elements that can be used when the RTP
   receiver supports and uses the RAMS method described in [RFC6285].
   However, if the RTP receiver does not send a rapid acquisition
   request, the following TLV elements MUST NOT exist in the MA report
   block.  Some elements may or may not exist depending on whether or
   not the RTP receiver receives any packet from the unicast burst
   and/or the primary multicast stream.  These are explained below.

   o  Application Request-to-RAMS Request Delta Time (32 bits): OPTIONAL
      TLV element that denotes the time difference (in ms) between the
      instant the application became aware it would request a rapid
      acquisition and the instant the rapid acquisition request was
      actually sent by the application.

      Type: 11

   o  RAMS Request-to-RAMS Information Delta Time (32 bits): OPTIONAL
      TLV element that denotes the time difference (in ms) between the
      instant the rapid acquisition request was sent and the instant the

      first RAMS Information message was received in the unicast
      session.  If no such message has been received, this element MUST
      NOT exist in the report block.

      Type: 12

   o  RAMS Request-to-Burst Delta Time (32 bits): OPTIONAL TLV element
      that denotes the time difference (in ms) between the instant the
      rapid acquisition request was sent and the instant the first burst
      packet was received in the unicast session.  If no burst packet
      has been received, this element MUST NOT exist in the report
      block.

      Type: 13

   o  RAMS Request-to-Multicast Delta Time (32 bits): OPTIONAL TLV
      element that denotes the time difference (in ms) between the
      instant the rapid acquisition request was sent and the instant the
      first RTP packet was received from the primary multicast stream.
      If no such packet has been received, this element MUST NOT exist
      in the report block.

      Type: 14

   o  RAMS Request-to-Burst-Completion Delta Time (32 bits): OPTIONAL
      TLV element that denotes the time difference (in ms) between the
      instant the rapid acquisition request was sent and the instant the
      last burst packet was received in the unicast session.  If no
      burst packet has been received, this element MUST NOT exist in the
      report block.

      Type: 15

   o  Number of Duplicate Packets (32 bits): OPTIONAL TLV element that
      denotes the number of duplicate packets due to receiving the same
      packet in both unicast and primary multicast RTP sessions.  If no
      RTP packet has been received from the primary multicast stream,
      this element MUST NOT exist.  If no burst packet has been received
      in the unicast session, the value of this element MUST be set to
      zero.

      Type: 16

   o  Size of Burst-to-Multicast Gap (32 bits): OPTIONAL TLV element
      that denotes the greater of zero or the difference between the
      sequence number of the first multicast packet (received from the
      primary multicast stream) and the sequence number of the last
      burst packet minus 1 (considering the wrapping of the sequence

      numbers).  If no burst packet has been received in the unicast
      session or no RTP packet has been received from the primary
      multicast stream, this element MUST NOT exist in the report block.

      Type: 17

4.2.2.  Private Extensions

   It is desirable to allow vendors to use private extensions in TLV
   format.  The range of [128-254] of TLV Types is reserved for private
   extensions.  IANA management for these extensions is unnecessary;
   they are the responsibility of individual vendors.

   Implementations use the structure depicted in Figure 3 for private
   extensions.  Here, the private enterprise numbers are used from
   http://www.iana.org.  This will ensure the uniqueness of the private
   extensions and avoid any collision.

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |      Type     |   Reserved    |            Length             |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                       Enterprise Number                       |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     :                             Value                             :
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

                Figure 3: Structure of a Private Extension

5.  Session Description Protocol Signaling

   A new unilateral parameter is defined for the MA report block to be
   used with the Session Description Protocol (SDP) [RFC4566].  In the
   following ABNF [RFC5234], xr-format is used as defined in [RFC3611].

                    xr-format =/ multicast-acq-ext
                    multicast-acq-ext = "multicast-acq"

   Refer to Section 5.1 of [RFC3611] for a detailed description and the
   full syntax of the 'rtcp-xr' attribute.

6.  Security Considerations

   The security considerations of [RFC3611] apply in this document as
   well.

   The information contained in MA reports could be stolen as with any
   other RTCP reports if proper protection mechanism(s) are not in
   place.  If desired, similar to other RTCP XRs, the MA reports MAY be
   protected by using Secure RTP (SRTP) and Secure RTP Control Protocol
   (SRTCP) [RFC3711].

   Malicious sniffing or otherwise obtaining MA report blocks can reveal
   performance characteristics of the RTP service and underlying
   network.  This information is mostly available to an observer with
   the ability to capture RTP and RTCP session traffic.  The contents
   and value of any private extension need to be studied when
   considering the necessity to secure the MA reports since application-
   level performance data might be present that is not otherwise
   available to an attacker, as with the required fields and vendor-
   neutral extensions.

   Using the MA reports to provide feedback into the acquisition of the
   multicast streams can introduce possible additional security
   implications.  If a forged or otherwise modified MA report is
   received for an earlier acquisition attempt, invalid data can be used
   as input in later rapid acquisition attempts.  For example,
   incorrectly small SFGMP join times could cause the unicast burst to
   be too short, leading to gaps in sequence numbers in the approach
   discussed in [RFC6285].  Additionally, forged reports could give the
   appearance that rapid acquisition is performing correctly when it is
   in fact failing, or vice versa.  While integrity protection can be
   achieved in different ways, we RECOMMEND the use of SRTCP [RFC3711].

7.  IANA Considerations

   The following contact information is provided for all registrations
   in this document:

   Ali Begen
   abegen@cisco.com

7.1.  RTCP XR Block Type

   Type value 11 has been registered with IANA for the "Multicast
   Acquisition Report Block" in the RTCP XR Block Type Registry.

7.2.  RTCP XR SDP Parameter

   The SDP [RFC4566] parameter 'multicast-acq' for the 'rtcp-xr'
   attribute has been registered in the RTCP XR SDP Parameters Registry.

7.3.  Multicast Acquisition Method Registry

   A new IANA registry for the MA methods has been created.  The
   registry is called the "Multicast Acquisition Method Registry".  This
   registry is to be managed by IANA according to the Specification
   Required policy of [RFC5226].

   The length of the MA Method field is a single octet, allowing 256
   values.  The registry is initialized with the following entries:

   MA Method Description                          Reference
   --------- ------------------------------------ -------------
   0         Reserved                             [RFC6332]
   1         Simple join (No explicit method)     [RFC6332]
   2         RAMS                                 [RFC6285]
   3-254     Unassigned                   Specification Required
   255       Reserved                             [RFC6332]

   The MA Method values 0 and 255 are reserved for future use.

   Any registration for an unassigned value needs to contain the
   following information:

   o  Contact information of the one doing the registration, including
      at least name, address, and email.

   o  A detailed description of how the MA method works.

7.4.  Multicast Acquisition Report Block TLV Space Registry

   A new IANA TLV space registry for the MA report block extensions has
   been created.  The registry is called the "Multicast Acquisition
   Report Block TLV Space Registry".  This registry is to be managed by
   the IANA according to the Specification Required policy of [RFC5226].

   The length of the Type field in the TLV elements is a single octet,
   allowing 256 values.  The registry is initialized with the following
   entries:

   Type    Description                                        Reference
   ------- -------------------------------------------------- ---------
   0       Reserved                                           [RFC6332]
   1       RTP Seqnum of the First Multicast Packet           [RFC6332]
   2       SFGMP Join Time                                    [RFC6332]
   3       Application Request-to-Multicast Delta Time        [RFC6332]
   4       Application Request-to-Presentation Delta Time     [RFC6332]
   5-10    Unassigned                            Specification Required
   11      Application Request-to-RAMS Request Delta Time     [RFC6332]
   12      RAMS Request-to-RAMS Information Delta Time        [RFC6332]
   13      RAMS Request-to-Burst Delta Time                   [RFC6332]
   14      RAMS Request-to-Multicast Delta Time               [RFC6332]
   15      RAMS Request-to-Burst-Completion Delta Time        [RFC6332]
   16      Number of Duplicate Packets                        [RFC6332]
   17      Size of Burst-to-Multicast Gap                     [RFC6332]
   18-127  Unassigned                            Specification Required
   128-254 Reserved for private extensions                    [RFC6332]
   255     Reserved                                           [RFC6332]

   The Type values 0 and 255 are reserved for future use.  The Type
   values between (and including) 128 and 254 are reserved for private
   extensions.

   Any registration for an unassigned Type value needs to contain the
   following information:

   o  Contact information of the one doing the registration, including
      at least name, address, and email.

   o  A detailed description of what the new TLV element represents and
      how it is interpreted.

7.5.  Multicast Acquisition Status Code Space Registry

   A new IANA TLV space registry for the status codes has been created.
   The registry is called the "Multicast Acquisition Status Code Space
   Registry".  This registry is to be managed by the IANA according to
   the Specification Required policy of [RFC5226].

   The length of the Status field is two octets, allowing 65536 codes.
   However, the status codes have been registered to allow for an easier
   classification.  For example, the values between (and including) 1
   and 1000 are primarily used by the MA method of simple join.  The
   values between (and including) 1001 and 2000 are used by the MA
   method described in [RFC6285].  When registering new status codes for
   the existing MA methods or newly defined MA methods, registrants are

   encouraged to allocate sufficient continuous space.  Note that
   because of the limited space, not every MA method can be assigned
   1000 different values for its status codes.

   The status code 65535 is reserved for future use.  The registry is
   initialized with the following entries:

   Code       Description                                      Reference
   ---------  ------------------------------------------------ ---------
   0          A private status code is included in the message [RFC6332]
   1          Multicast join was successful                    [RFC6332]
   2          Multicast join has failed                        [RFC6332]
   3          A presentation error has occurred                [RFC6332]
   4          An unspecified RTP receiver internal error has
              occurred                                         [RFC6332]
   5-1000     Unassigned
   1001       RAMS has been successfully completed             [RFC6332]
   1002       No RAMS-R message has been sent                  [RFC6332]
   1003       Invalid RAMS-I message syntax                    [RFC6332]
   1004       RAMS-I message has timed out                     [RFC6332]
   1005       RAMS unicast burst has timed out                 [RFC6332]
   1006       An unspecified RTP receiver internal error has
              occurred during RAMS                             [RFC6332]
   1007       A presentation error has occurred during RAMS    [RFC6332]
   1008-65534 Unassigned
   65535      Reserved                                         [RFC6332]

   Any registration for an unassigned status code needs to contain the
   following information:

   o  Contact information of the one doing the registration, including
      at least name, address, and email.

   o  A detailed description of what the new status code describes and
      how it is interpreted.

8.  Acknowledgments

   This specification has greatly benefited from discussions with
   Michael Lague, Dong Hsu, Carol Iturralde, Xuan Zhong, Dave Oran, Tom
   Van Caenegem, and many others.  The authors would like to thank each
   of these individuals for their contributions.

9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3550]  Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., and V.
              Jacobson, "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time
              Applications", STD 64, RFC 3550, July 2003.

   [RFC3611]  Friedman, T., Caceres, R., and A. Clark, "RTP Control
              Protocol Extended Reports (RTCP XR)", RFC 3611,
              November 2003.

   [RFC3711]  Baugher, M., McGrew, D., Naslund, M., Carrara, E., and K.
              Norrman, "The Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)",
              RFC 3711, March 2004.

   [RFC4566]  Handley, M., Jacobson, V., and C. Perkins, "SDP: Session
              Description Protocol", RFC 4566, July 2006.

   [RFC5234]  Crocker, D. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax
              Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234, January 2008.

   [RFC6285]  Ver Steeg, B., Begen, A., Van Caenegem, T., and Z. Vax,
              "Unicast-Based Rapid Acquisition of Multicast RTP
              Sessions", RFC 6285, June 2011.

9.2.  Informative References

   [RFC5226]  Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
              IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226,
              May 2008.

Authors' Addresses

   Ali Begen
   Cisco
   181 Bay Street
   Toronto, ON  M5J 2T3
   Canada

   EMail: abegen@cisco.com

   Eric Friedrich
   Cisco
   1414 Massachusetts Ave.
   Boxborough, MA  01719
   USA

   EMail: efriedri@cisco.com

 

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