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RFC 4913 - Abstract Syntax Notation X (ASN.X) Representation of


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Network Working Group                                            S. Legg
Request for Comments: 4913                                       eB2Bcom
Category: Experimental                                         July 2007

           Abstract Syntax Notation X (ASN.X) Representation
                      of Encoding Instructions for
                the Generic String Encoding Rules (GSER)

Status of This Memo

   This memo defines an Experimental Protocol for the Internet
   community.  It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind.
   Discussion and suggestions for improvement are requested.
   Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007).

Abstract

   Abstract Syntax Notation X (ASN.X) is an Extensible Markup Language
   (XML) representation for Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)
   specifications.  This document specifies the ASN.X representation of
   encoding instructions for the Generic String Encoding Rules (GSER).

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. Conventions .....................................................2
   3. EncodingInstructionAssignmentList Translation ...................3
   4. EncodingInstruction Translation .................................3
      4.1. ChoiceOfStringsInstruction Translation .....................3
   5. Security Considerations .........................................4
   6. Normative References ............................................4
   Appendix A. ASN.1 for GSER Encoding Instruction Notation ...........6
   Appendix B. ASN.X for GSER Encoding Instruction Notation ...........7

1.  Introduction

   Abstract Syntax Notation X (ASN.X) [ASN.X] is an Extensible Markup
   Language (XML) [XML10][XML11] representation for Abstract Syntax
   Notation One (ASN.1) [X.680] specifications.  The ASN.X
   representation for the ASN.1 basic notation [X.680] [X.680-1] is
   described elsewhere [ASN.X].

   The grammar of ASN.1 permits the application of encoding instructions
   [X.680-1], through type prefixes and encoding control sections, that
   modify how abstract values are encoded by nominated encoding rules.

   The generic notation for type prefixes and encoding control sections
   is defined by the ASN.1 basic notation; however, the notation for
   specific encoding instructions, i.e., the EncodingInstruction and
   EncodingInstructionAssignmentList productions of the notation, are
   defined separately for each set of encoding rules using encoding
   instructions.  This document specifies the ASN.X representation for
   EncodingInstructionAssignmentList and EncodingInstruction as they are
   defined for the Generic String Encoding Rules (GSER) [GSER][GSEREI].

   ASN.X is defined in terms of rules for translating from an ASN.1
   specification.  This does not preclude an ASN.X module being written
   directly without a pre-existing ASN.1 module; however, such an ASN.X
   module is considered valid if and only if there exists, in principle,
   an ASN.1 module that when translated would yield the ASN.X module.

   By design, an ASN.X module is also the Robust XML Encoding Rules
   (RXER) [RXER] encoding of an ASN.1 value.  The ASN.1 type definitions
   for such values, insofar as they pertain to the ASN.1 basic notation,
   are provided elsewhere [ASN.X]; however, this document provides the
   ASN.1 type definitions for representing GSER encoding instructions as
   abstract values.  These definitions appear in Appendix A.

   The ASN.X translation of the ASN.1 module in Appendix A is presented
   in Appendix B.

   The General Considerations of the specification for ASN.X [ASN.X]
   also apply here.

2.  Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", and "MAY" in this document are
   to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119 [BCP14].  The key
   word "OPTIONAL" is exclusively used with its ASN.1 meaning.

   A reference to an ASN.1 production [X.680] (e.g., Type, NamedType) is
   a reference to the text in an ASN.1 specification corresponding to
   that production.

   The description of the translation of GSER encoding instructions into
   ASN.X makes use of definitions from the XML Information Set (Infoset)
   [INFOSET].  In particular, information item property names follow the
   Infoset convention of being shown in square brackets, e.g.,
   [local name].  Literal values of Infoset properties are enclosed in
   double quotes; however, the double quotes are not part of the
   property values.  In the sections that follow, "information item"
   will be abbreviated to "item", e.g., "element information item" is
   abbreviated to "element item".  Element items will be referred to by
   their [local name] in angle brackets, e.g., "the <type> element item"
   means the element item with the [local name] "type".

3.  EncodingInstructionAssignmentList Translation

   As described in the specification for ASN.X [ASN.X], the translation
   of an EncodingControlSection for GSER is an element item with the
   [local name] "GSER".  The translation of the
   EncodingInstructionAssignmentList in such an EncodingControlSection
   determines the content of the <GSER> element item.

   The EncodingInstructionAssignmentList for GSER is currently defined
   to be empty [GSEREI]; therefore, the [attributes] and [children] of
   the <GSER> element item are both empty.

4.  EncodingInstruction Translation

   The translation of an EncodingInstruction for GSER can appear in the
   translation of an EncodingPrefix.  The translation for an
   EncodingPrefix is described by the specification for ASN.X.

   The translation of an EncodingInstruction for GSER is the translation
   of the ChoiceOfStringsInstruction in the EncodingInstruction
   (currently the only defined encoding instruction for GSER).

4.1.  ChoiceOfStringsInstruction Translation

   The translation of a ChoiceOfStringsInstruction is an element item
   with the [local name] "choiceOfStrings".

   If the ChoiceOfStringsInstruction has an AlternativesPrecedence, then
   an attribute item with the [local name] "precedence" SHALL be added
   to the [attributes] of the <choiceOfStrings> element item.  The
   [normalized value] of this attribute item is the white space
   separated list of qualified names for the expanded names [XMLNS10] of

   the NamedType instances (see [RXEREI]) corresponding to the
   identifiers nested in the PrecedenceList in the
   AlternativesPrecedence.

   Example

      [GSER:CHOICE-OF-STRINGS PRECEDENCE utf8 visible] CHOICE {
          visible  [RXER:NAME "ascii"] VisibleString,
          utf8     UTF8String
      }

      <type xmlns:asnx="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:asnx">
       <prefixed>
        <GSER><choiceOfStrings precedence="utf8 ascii"/></GSER>
        <type>
         <choice>
          <element name="ascii" identifier="visible"
                   type="asnx:VisibleString"/>
          <element name="utf8" type="asnx:UTF8String"/>
         </choice>
        </type>
       </prefixed>
      </type>

5.  Security Considerations

   The ASN.X translation of a GSER encoding instruction is semantically
   equivalent to the original GSER encoding instruction.  The security
   considerations that apply to an application built from an original
   ASN.1 specification with GSER encoding instructions apply equally to
   an application built from the ASN.X translation of the ASN.1
   specification.

   See the main specification for ASN.X [ASN.X] for security
   considerations related to ASN.X modules.

6.  Normative References

   [BCP14]    Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [GSER]     Legg, S., "Generic String Encoding Rules (GSER) for ASN.1
              Types", RFC 3641, October 2003.

   [GSEREI]   Legg, S., "Encoding Instructions for the Generic String
              Encoding Rules (GSER)", RFC 4792, January 2007.

   [RXER]     Legg, S. and D. Prager, "Robust XML Encoding Rules (RXER)
              for Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)", RFC 4910, July
              2007.

   [RXEREI]   Legg, S., "Encoding Instructions for the Robust XML
              Encoding Rules (RXER)", RFC 4911, July 2007.

   [ASN.X]    Legg, S., "Abstract Syntax Notation X (ASN.X)", RFC 4912,
              July 2007.

   [X.680]    ITU-T Recommendation X.680 (07/02) | ISO/IEC 8824-1,
              Information technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One
              (ASN.1):  Specification of basic notation.

   [X.680-1]  ITU-T Recommendation X.680 (2002) Amendment 1 (10/03) |
              ISO/IEC 8824-1:2002/Amd 1:2004, Support for EXTENDED-XER.

   [XML10]    Bray, T., Paoli, J., Sperberg-McQueen, C., Maler, E. and
              F. Yergeau, "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Fourth
              Edition)", W3C Recommendation,
              http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/REC-xml-20060816, August 2006.

   [XML11]    Bray, T., Paoli, J., Sperberg-McQueen, C., Maler, E.,
              Yergeau, F., and J. Cowan, "Extensible Markup Language
              (XML) 1.1 (Second Edition)", W3C Recommendation,
              http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/REC-xml11-20060816, August 2006.

   [XMLNS10]  Bray, T., Hollander, D., Layman, A., and R. Tobin,
              "Namespaces in XML 1.0 (Second Edition)", W3C
              Recommendation,
              http://www.w3.org/TR/2006/REC-xml-names-20060816, August
              2006.

   [INFOSET]  Cowan, J. and R. Tobin, "XML Information Set (Second
              Edition)", W3C Recommendation,
              http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-xml-infoset-20040204,
              February 2004.

Appendix A.  ASN.1 for GSER Encoding Instruction Notation

   This appendix is normative.

   GSER-EncodingInstructionNotation
       { iso(1) identified-organization(3) dod(6)
         internet(1) private(4) enterprise(1)
         xmled(21472) asnx(1) module(0) gser-ei-notation(2) }

   -- Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007).  This version of
   -- this ASN.1 module is part of RFC 4913; see the RFC itself
   -- for full legal notices.
   --
   -- Regarding this ASN.1 module or any portion of it, the author
   -- makes no guarantees and is not responsible for any damage
   -- resulting from its use.  The author grants irrevocable permission
   -- to anyone to use, modify, and distribute it in any way that does
   -- not diminish the rights of anyone else to use, modify, and
   -- distribute it, provided that redistributed derivative works do
   -- not contain misleading author or version information.
   -- Derivative works need not be licensed under similar terms.

   DEFINITIONS
   RXER INSTRUCTIONS
   AUTOMATIC TAGS
   EXTENSIBILITY IMPLIED ::= BEGIN

   IMPORTS
       PrecedenceList
           FROM AbstractSyntaxNotation-X
               { iso(1) identified-organization(3) dod(6)
                 internet(1) private(4) enterprise(1)
                 xmled(21472) asnx(1) module(0) notation(1) }
       ;

   GSER-EncodingInstruction ::= [SINGULAR-INSERTIONS] CHOICE {
       choiceOfStrings  GSER-ChoiceOfStringsInstruction
   }

   GSER-EncodingInstructionAssignmentList ::= SEQUENCE { }

   GSER-ChoiceOfStringsInstruction ::= SEQUENCE {
       precedence  [ATTRIBUTE] PrecedenceList OPTIONAL
   }

   ENCODING-CONTROL RXER

       SCHEMA-IDENTITY  "urn:oid:1.3.6.1.4.1.21472.1.0.2"

       TARGET-NAMESPACE "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:asnx" PREFIX "asnx"

   END

Appendix B.  ASN.X for GSER Encoding Instruction Notation

   This appendix is non-normative.

   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <asnx:module xmlns:asnx="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:asnx"
                name="GSER-EncodingInstructionNotation"
                identifier="1.3.6.1.4.1.21472.1.0.2"
                schemaIdentity="urn:oid:1.3.6.1.4.1.21472.1.0.2"
                targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:asnx"
                targetPrefix="asnx"
                extensibilityImplied="true">

    <annotation>
     Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007).  This version of
     this ASN.X module is part of RFC 4913; see the RFC itself
     for full legal notices.

     Regarding this ASN.X module or any portion of it, the author
     makes no guarantees and is not responsible for any damage
     resulting from its use.  The author grants irrevocable permission
     to anyone to use, modify, and distribute it in any way that does
     not diminish the rights of anyone else to use, modify, and
     distribute it, provided that redistributed derivative works do
     not contain misleading author or version information.
     Derivative works need not be licensed under similar terms.
    </annotation>

    <import name="AbstractSyntaxNotation-X"
            identifier="1.3.6.1.4.1.21472.1.0.1"
            schemaIdentity="urn:oid:1.3.6.1.4.1.21472.1.0.1"
            namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:asnx"/>

    <namedType name="GSER-EncodingInstruction">
     <type>
      <choice insertions="singular">
       <element name="choiceOfStrings"
                type="asnx:GSER-ChoiceOfStringsInstruction"/>
      </choice>
     </type>
    </namedType>

    <namedType name="GSER-EncodingInstructionAssignmentList">
     <type>

      <sequence/>
     </type>
    </namedType>

    <namedType name="GSER-ChoiceOfStringsInstruction">
     <type>
      <sequence>
       <optional>
        <attribute name="precedence" type="asnx:PrecedenceList"/>
       </optional>
      </sequence>
     </type>
    </namedType>

   </asnx:module>

Author's Address

   Dr. Steven Legg
   eB2Bcom
   Suite 3, Woodhouse Corporate Centre
   935 Station Street
   Box Hill North, Victoria 3129
   AUSTRALIA

   Phone: +61 3 9896 7830
   Fax:   +61 3 9896 7801
   EMail: steven.legg@eb2bcom.com

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   Internet Society.

 

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