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RFC 4526 - Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Absolute


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Network Working Group                                        K. Zeilenga
Request for Comments: 4526                           OpenLDAP Foundation
Category: Standards Track                                      June 2006

              Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
                    Absolute True and False Filters

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

Abstract

   This document extends the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
   (LDAP) to support absolute True and False filters based upon similar
   capabilities found in X.500 directory systems.  The document also
   extends the String Representation of LDAP Search Filters to support
   these filters.

Table of Contents

   1. Background ......................................................1
   2. Absolute True and False Filters .................................2
   3. Security Considerations .........................................2
   4. IANA Considerations .............................................3
   5. References ......................................................3
      5.1. Normative References .......................................3
      5.2. Informative References .....................................3

1.  Background

   The X.500 Directory Access Protocol (DAP) [X.511] supports absolute
   True and False assertions.  An 'and' filter with zero elements always
   evaluates to True.  An 'or' filter with zero elements always
   evaluates to False.  These filters are commonly used when requesting
   DSA-specific Entries (DSEs) that do not necessarily have
   'objectClass' attributes; that is, where "(objectClass=*)" may
   evaluate to False.

   Although LDAPv2 [RFC1777][RFC3494] placed no restriction on the
   number of elements in 'and' and 'or' filter sets, the LDAPv2 string
   representation [RFC1960][RFC3494] could not represent empty 'and' and
   'or' filter sets.  Due to this, absolute True or False filters were
   (unfortunately) eliminated from LDAPv3 [RFC4510].

   This documents extends LDAPv3 to support absolute True and False
   assertions by allowing empty 'and' and 'or' in Search filters
   [RFC4511] and extends the filter string representation [RFC4515] to
   allow empty filter lists.

   It is noted that certain search operations, such as those used to
   retrieve subschema information [RFC4512], require use of particular
   filters.  This document does not change these requirements.

   This feature is intended to allow a more direct mapping between DAP
   and LDAP (as needed to implement DAP-to-LDAP gateways).

   In this document, the key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED",
   "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY",
   and "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14
   [RFC2119].

2.  Absolute True and False Filters

   Implementations of this extension SHALL allow 'and' and 'or' choices
   with zero filter elements.

   An 'and' filter consisting of an empty set of filters SHALL evaluate
   to True.  This filter is represented by the string "(&)".

   An 'or' filter consisting of an empty set of filters SHALL evaluate
   to False.  This filter is represented by the string "(|)".

   Servers supporting this feature SHOULD publish the Object Identifier
   1.3.6.1.4.1.4203.1.5.3 as a value of the 'supportedFeatures'
   [RFC4512] attribute in the root DSE.

   Clients supporting this feature SHOULD NOT use the feature unless
   they know that the server supports it.

3.  Security Considerations

   The (re)introduction of absolute True and False filters is not
   believed to raise any new security considerations.

   Implementors of this (or any) LDAPv3 extension should be familiar
   with general LDAPv3 security considerations [RFC4510].

4.  IANA Considerations

   Registration of this feature has been completed by the IANA
   [RFC4520].

   Subject: Request for LDAP Protocol Mechanism Registration Object
   Identifier: 1.3.6.1.4.1.4203.1.5.3 Description: True/False filters
   Person & email address to contact for further information:
        Kurt Zeilenga <kurt@openldap.org> Usage: Feature Specification:
   RFC 4526 Author/Change Controller: IESG Comments: none

   This OID was assigned [ASSIGN] by OpenLDAP Foundation, under its
   IANA-assigned private enterprise allocation [PRIVATE], for use in
   this specification.

5.  References

5.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]     Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
                 Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC4510]     Zeilenga, K., Ed, "Lightweight Directory Access
                 Protocol (LDAP): Technical Specification Road Map", RFC
                 4510, June 2006.

   [RFC4511]     Sermersheim, J., Ed., "Lightweight Directory Access
                 Protocol (LDAP): The Protocol", RFC 4511, June 2006.

   [RFC4512]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP): Directory Information Models", RFC 4512, June
                 2006.

   [RFC4515]     Smith, M., Ed. and T. Howes, "Lightweight Directory
                 Access Protocol (LDAP): String Representation of Search
                 Filters", RFC 4515, June 2006.

5.2.  Informative References

   [RFC1777]     Yeong, W., Howes, T., and S. Kille, "Lightweight
                 Directory Access Protocol", RFC 1777, March 1995.

   [RFC1960]     Howes, T., "A String Representation of LDAP Search
                 Filters", RFC 1960, June 1996.

   [RFC3494]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 version 2 (LDAPv2) to Historic Status", RFC 3494, March
                 2003.

   [RFC4520]     Zeilenga, K., "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
                 (IANA) Considerations for the Lightweight Directory
                 Access Protocol (LDAP)", BCP 64, RFC 4520, June 2006.

   [X.500]       International Telecommunication Union -
                 Telecommunication Standardization Sector, "The
                 Directory -- Overview of concepts, models and
                 services," X.500(1993) (also ISO/IEC 9594-1:1994).

   [X.501]       International Telecommunication Union -
                 Telecommunication Standardization Sector, "The
                 Directory -- Models," X.501(1993) (also ISO/IEC 9594-
                 2:1994).

   [X.511]       International Telecommunication Union -
                 Telecommunication Standardization Sector, "The
                 Directory: Abstract Service Definition", X.511(1993)
                 (also ISO/IEC 9594-3:1993).

   [ASSIGN]      OpenLDAP Foundation, "OpenLDAP OID Delegations",
                 http://www.openldap.org/foundation/oid-delegate.txt.

   [PRIVATE]     IANA, "Private Enterprise Numbers",
                 http://www.iana.org/assignments/enterprise-numbers.

Author's Address

   Kurt D. Zeilenga
   OpenLDAP Foundation

   EMail: Kurt@OpenLDAP.org

Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

   This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
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