341. Race


See also 17. ANTHROPOLOGY ; 121. DISCRIMINATION ; 204. HEREDITY .

albocracy
rule by Caucasians, especially Europeans.
anthroposociology
the sociological study of race using anthropological methods. — anthroposociological, adj.
apartheid
the policy of strict racial segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-whites practiced in the Republic of South Africa.
Aryanism
1. a doctrine propagandized by Nazism asserting that the so-called Aryan peoples were superior to all others in the practice of government and the development of civilization.
2. a belief in this doctrine and acceptance of its social and ethical implications, especially with regard to the treatment of so-called inferior races. — Aryanist, n.
bigotry
obtuse or narrow-minded intolerance, especially of other races or religions. — bigot, n. , — bigoted, adj.
biracialism
the principle or practice of combining or representing two separate races, as white and Negro, on governing boards, committees, etc. — biracialist, biracial, adj.
cacogenics
Biology. the study of the operation of factors that cause degeneration in offspring, especially as applied to factors unique to separate races. Also called dysgenics. —cacogenic, adj.
creolism
the state of being a creole.
endemism
the quality of belonging to a particular race, region, or country. — endemicity, n.
ethnocracy
a government controlled by a particular race or national group. — ethnocratic, adj.
ethnogeography
the study of the geographical distribution of racial groups and the relationship between them and their environments. — ethnogeographer, n. ethnogeographic, adj.
ethnopsychology
the psychology of races and peoples. — ethnopsychological, adj.
eugenism
the blend of factors and influences most suitable for the improvement of the inherited characteristics of a breed or race, especially the human race. — eugenic, adj.
euthenics
the art or science of improving a race or breed, especially the human race, by control of external influences, as environment. See also 219. IMPROVEMENT .
genocide
1. the deliberate and systematic extermination of a racial or national group.
2. an actor in this process. — genocidal, adj.
gentilism
the state or quality of being non-Jewish, and especially a heathen or pagan.
Gobinism
the theory or doctrine that the white race in general and the Germanic race in particular are superior to all other peoples.
integrationism
the combination of educational and other public facilities, previously segregated by race, into unified systems shared by all races. — integrationist, n. , adj.
interracialism
the principles, beliefs, and attitudes influencing actions aimed at improving relations among differing races. — interracial, adj.
Jensenism
the belief that blacks are mentally inferior to whites, based on results of intelligence tests that failed to account for such differences as test questions slanted in favor of whites, lack of cultural and educational oppor-tunities among blacks, etc. — Jensenist, n., adj.
Melanochroism
the condition of belonging to the Caucasian race and having dark hair and a light complexion. — Melanochroic, adj. Melanochroid, adj., n.
miscegenation
1. the interbreeding of members of different races.
2. cohabitation or marriage between a man and woman of different races, especially, in the U.S., between a Negro and a white person.
3. the mixing or mixture of races by interbreeding.
monogenesis
monogenism. See also 302. ORGANISMS .
monogenism
the belief that all human races descended from a common ancestral type. Also monogenesis, monogeny . — monogenist, n. monogenistic, adj.
nigritude
the condition of being black; blackness.
polygenism
the theory that all human races descended from two or more ancestral types. — polygenist, n. polygenistic, adj.
racialism
the belief in or practice of the doctrine of racism. — racialist, n. racialistic, adj.
racism
a belief that human races have distinctive characteristics that determine their respective cultures, usually involving the idea that one’s race is superior and has the right to control others. — racist, adj.
segregationism
the views and policies of those who would separate or maintain as separate rights, public facilities, etc., on the basis of race. See also apartheid .
supremacist
a person who advocates supremacy of a particular group, especially a racial group.
Xanthochroism
the condition of belonging to the Caucasian race and having fair skin and blond hair. — Xanthochroi, Xanthocroid, n. Xanthochroic, Xanthocroid, adj.

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