142. Environment


See also 27. ATMOSPHERE ; 44. BIOLOGY ; 85. CLIMATE ; 133. EARTH .

anthoecology
the study of the relationship of flowers to their environment. — anthoecologic , anthoecological , adj .
anthroposociology
the study of the effects upon each other of environment and race. — anthroposociologic , anthroposociological , adj .
autecology
the study of an individual organism, or the species regarded collectively, in relation to environment. — autecologic , autecological , adj .
bioecology
the study of the interrelation of plants and animals in their common environment. — bioecologist , n .
bionomics
ecology, Also bionomy . — bionomist , n . — bionomic , bionomical , adj .
biotechnology
ergonomics.
ecesis
the transplanting of a plant to a new environment.
ecocide
destruction of the environment.
ecology, oecology
1 . the branch of biology that studies the relationship of organisms and environments. Also called bionomics, bionomy .
2 . the branch of sociology that studies the environmental spacing and interdependence of people and their institutions, as in rural or urban settings. — ecologist , oecologist , n . — ecologie , oecologic , ecological , oecological , adj .
ecosystem
any area or region regarded as a unit for ecological observation and study of the interrelationships between organisms and their environment.
ecotone
a transitional area or zone between two different forms of vegetation, as between forest and plain. — ecotonal , adj .
ecotype
a type or subspecies of life that is especially well adapted to a certain environment. — ecotypic , adj .
environmentalism
concern for and action on behalf of the environment and its preservation. — environmentalist , n .
ergonomics
the study of the relation of man to the environment in which he works and the application of anatomical, physiological, psychological, and engineering knowledge to the problems involved. Also called biotechnology . — ergonomic , adj .
euthenics
a science concerned with improving the well-being of mankind through improvement of the environment. — euthenist , n .
genecology
a combination of genetics and ecology that studies animal species and their environment. — genecologist , n . — genecologic , genecological , adj .
konimeter
an instrument for measuring impurities in the air. — konimetric , adj .
konimetry
the measurement of impurities in the air by means of a konimeter. — konimetric , adj .
koniology, coniology
the study of atmospheric dust and other impurities in the air, as germs, pollen, etc., especially regarding their effect on plant and animal life.
miasmology
the study of fogs and smogs, especially those affecting air pollution levels.
oligotrophy
(of lakes) the quality of containing a low accumulation of dissolved nutrient salts, thus supporting little plant or animal life and having a high oxygen content owing to the low organic content. — oligotrophic , adj .
paleoecology, palaeoecology
the branch of ecology that studies the relationship of ancient plants and animals to their environments. — paleoecologic, palaeoecologic, paleoecological, palaeoecological , adj .
preservationist
a person who is concerned with or active in the preservation of wildlife, historical sites, natural habitats, and other features of the environment.
synecology
the branch of ecology that studies the relationship between plant and animal communities and their environments. — synecologic , synecological , adj .

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