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If all else fails, you may have to resort to paying someone to provide you with a feed. For more information about many network service providers, see the anonymous ftp file /dirofdirs/provider on ftp.internic.net. Also, the book "Connecting to the Internet" (see the "Bibliography" section below) contains a list of Internet service providers and instructions for getting an updated version of the list. Some regional network service providers, especially in large urban areas, offer both UUCP and TCP/IP service via modem or leased line. If you can find such a company, the cost of a dedicated (leased line) Internet connection will often be cheaper and more desirable than a UUCP connection, if you plan on using it for a full newsfeed or for frequent downloading. Some companies can offer combined voice and data connections using T1 links, for large-scale users seeking both Internet access and low-cost toll telephone service. For more information about the possibility of hooking up to the network, see the "How to Get Information about Networks" posting in news.announce.newusers. d. Special information for European users (This section discusses the various big European networks. There are also smaller service providers, such as ExNet Systems (see above), in Europe.) In Europe, you can get a feed from one of EUNet's national networks. EUNet has recently gone commercial, though particular national networks may still be not-for-profit. Most provide help on getting started, can provide source for the mail and news software and lists of sites who have indicated they will provide feeds. They also act as Internet forwarders (see below for more information on this). To contact them, try sending mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com. The "country" in this case should be whatever country you're in. See http://www.eunet.ch for more information on EUNet. Note that the national networks have a "no redistribution" policy and have the option to cut off sites which break this rule. There are other groups (such as sublink); see (a) and (b) above for suggestions on how to contact them. News can be had by satellite feed from Pagesat in Europe beginning 4Q 1995 or 1Q 1996. contact: Duane J. Dubay at the address given for Pagesat Inc. in the section on Satellite links. Subscribing to EUNet or to one of the NALnets (National Networks) currently requires to be member of EurOpen either directly or indirectly by being member of a NALUUG (National Unix User Group) affiliated to EurOpen. In the UK, smaller scale users and individuals can also get news access via Demon Internet Systems. They provide very cheap dialup Internet access, SLIP, PPP and name service entries. Contact them (contact information is given above) for more information. There are also several other network services providers, already operational (or to become soon available for some of them). Contrary to EUNet which generally accepts any organization as customer, those networks may have restrictions and accept only some kind of customers (generally academic and/or research) as they are sometimes government funded. Some of these networks are NORDunet (northern Europe), FUNET (Finland), SWITCH (Switzerland), EASInet (European Academic Supercomputing Initiative, mainly if not totally funded by IBM), DFN (Germany), PIPEX(UK) and RENATER (France). There are several anonymous ftp sites from which information about all of these networks and about networking in Europe in general might be obtained. They are ftp.switch.ch, ftp.easi.net, ftp.ripe.net, ftp.eu.net, corton.inria.fr and nic.nordu.net. Note that it is to your advantage to try to find a feed site that is directly on the Internet, if you are not going to be. Getting a feed from a site on the Internet will allow that site to act as your MX forwarder (see section 5 below), and the fact that you are only one hop off of the Internet will make both mail and news delivery fast (assuming that the feed you get from the Internet site is for both mail and news; of course, if you can only find someone willing to forward mail to you but not to traffic with you the heavier load of a news feed, then your mail delivery will still be fast).