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[] Wagner Books FAQ
Section - E. Wagner and his Circle

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%T The Dream King : Ludwig II of Bavaria
%A Wilfrid Blunt 
%D 1970  
%C London
%I Hamish Hamilton Ltd.
%G ISBN 0 2411 1293 1
%X A biography of Wagner's patron.  Passages in this book have been
plagiarised, almost word for word, from Newman's 'Life'.
%O With a family tree and a short bibliography.

%T Ludwig II, the Mad King of Bavaria
%A Desmond Chapman-Huston, ed. Osyth Leeston 
%D 1990
%C New York 
%I Dorset Press
%G ISBN 0 8802 9493 0 ; DD801
%X It could be argued that Ludwig was not actually "mad" although he
probably did suffer from inherited schizophrenia. 

%T Friedrich Nietzsche: Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe
%T Nietzsches Werke: historisch-kritische Ausgabe (electronic edition)
%M German
%A eds. Giorgio Colli, Mazzino Montinari
%A electronic ed. Malcolm Brown
%D 1980 and 1995 (CDROM)
%C Munich
%I Deutsche Taschenbuch Verlag
%V 15 vols.
%G ISBN 3 4235 9044 0 (pbk), 3 1101 6599 6 (hbk), 1 5708 5117 4 (CDROM 
Windows), 1 5708 5079 8 (CDROM Mac) ; B3312 .A2 1980
%X Includes all of Nietzsche's writings and his previously unpublished
manuscript notes (Nachgelassene Fragmente),which take up more than
half of this edition. "Only with the publication of these previously
unpublished jottings has it been possible to appreciate the
paradigmatic importance of Wagner for Nietzsche. With their richly
faceted analyses of the pros and cons of their relationship, they
provide a counterweight to the exaggerations of Nietzsche's last two
anti-Wagnerian tracts, 'Der Fall Wagner' and 'Nietzsche contra
Wagner'. Against the background of his unpublished papers, Nietzsche's
published statements on Wagner appear in a substantially different
light. It now becomes clear, for example, that Nietzsche's break with
Wagner was by no means as radical as posterity, in its ignorance of
the sources, long believed. The idea that he changed overnight from an
unquestioning Wagnerian to an equally unquestioning anti-Wagnerian
belongs to the past." (Dieter Borchmeyer, in 'Drama and the World of
Richard Wagner', 2003).
  The editors corrected many distortions and restored many omissions 
of previous editions, most of them resulting from the attempts of the
philosopher's sister Elisabeth to misrepresent aspects of Nietzsche's
life, especially concerning his friendships with Richard and Cosima
Wagner. Much that had been written about these relationships, by the
respective biographers of Nietzsche, Richard and Cosima Wagner, was
revealed to have been based on falsehood.
%O Originally published by Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.

%T Friedrich Nietzsche: Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Gesamtausgabe
%M German
%A eds. Giorgio Colli, Mazzino Montinari, Wolfgang Müller-Lauter, Karl 
%D 1967-
%C Berlin
%I Walter de Gruyter
%V 40 vols. (projected)
%G ISBN 3 1100 7774 4 
%X This annotated and strictly chronological complete edition of
Nietzsche's writings and notes extends and completes the 'Kritische
Studienausgabe'. It aims to render obsolete all previous editions (of
which there have been several, in various degrees incomplete and

%T Wagner and Nietzsche
%T Wagner und Nietzsche : der Mystagoge und sein Abtrünniger
%M German *
%A Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
%F Joachim Neugroschel
%D 1976-1978
%C New York and London
%I Seabury Press
%G ISBN 0 8164 9280 8 ; ML410.W19 F563
%X Like Robert Gutman, Fischer-Dieskau gives too much credence to the
"official" version of the breach between Wagner and Nietzsche.
Cosima's Diaries and other evidence provide abundant grounds to doubt
the story of the final conversation between Wagner and Nietzsche,
which according to the "official" version took place at Sorrento on 2
November 1876. In fact this story is entirely the invention of
Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche.
  Much that has been written about the relationship between Wagner and
Nietzsche, including parts of this book, has been made obsolete by
more recent scholarship, which has in large part been concerned with
tearing down the edifice constructed by Nietzsche's sister Elisabeth.
An important part in this has been played by the critical editions
respectively of Nietzsche's writings (1980) and of his letters (1986)
edited by Giorgio Colli and Mazzino Montinari. These editions have,
amongst other corrections, revealed some of the passages concerning
Wagner in Nietzsche's later works to have been falsified by
Nietzsche's sister.
%O Originally published in 1974, Stuttgart.

%T Wagner at Home 
%T Le collier des jours : le troisième rang du collier
%T Visites à Richard Wagner
%M French *
%A Judith Gautier
%F Effie Dunreith Massie
%D 2001 (reprint)
%C Best Books
%I ISBN 0 7222 5572 1 hbk; ML410.W1 G28 (1912)
%X Memoirs of Judith Gautier (1845-1917), a French author (member of 
the the Academie Goncourt and of the Legion d'Honneur) with whom
Wagner became infatuated during the 1870s. She kept him supplied with
fabrics, perfumes and intimate letters (which he destroyed) during the
composition of 'Parsifal'. Judith translated the libretto into French.
%O French original published in 1909, revised edition 1943.
Translation originally published in 1910-11 by Mills and Boon Ltd
(London) and John Lane Inc. (New York). See below for a biography of
Judith Gautier.

%T Magic Fire : Scenes Around Richard Wagner. 
%A Bernita Leonarz Harding
%D 1953
%C Indianapolis
%I Bobbs Merrill
%X These scenes focus on four of the most important people in Wagner's
life: Minna Wagner, Mathilde Wesendonck, King Ludwig II, and Cosima
Wagner. Written in a popular style, not scholarly.

%T Nietzsche and Wagner : A Lesson in Subjugation
%T Friedrich Nietzsche und Cosima Wagner : Die Schule der Unterwerfung
%M German *
%A Joachim Köhler
%F Ronald Taylor
%D 1998
%C New Haven and London
%I Yale University Press
%G ISBN 0 3000 7640 1; B3316 .K63 1998
%X Laon writes: "I am sorry to say that this book has the scholarly
merit of a UFO abduction memoir. Köhler asserts that Nietzsche was
homosexual, a claim for which he adduces no evidence at all. But we
have plenty of evidence of Nietzsche's heterosexuality and no evidence
at all of same-sex desire or practice. Nietzsche was a misogynist,
hostile and contemptuous towards women, also clearly afraid of them,
but that doesn't make him homosexual. Köhler seems to think that
claiming something is the same as making it so. He also claims that
after the Nietzsche-Wagner split Wagner conducted a relentless and
vindictive campaign against Nietzsche on the grounds that he was
homosexual. Again, Köhler doesn't support this claim of a homophobic
campaign by Wagner with any evidence. But then, how could he? There 
was no such campaign.  It is clear from Cosima Wagner's Diaries that
Wagner's private reaction to the split with Nietzsche was regret, a
wish to have the breach healed, and an undoubtedly patronising pity 
for 'that poor young man' Nietzsche. These are not the sort of
feelings that lead to persecution or a campaign of vilification, as
Köhler claims. Wagner's actual attitude to homosexuals is suggested in
an earlier letter to a homosexual friend. Wagner suggests that his
friend 'try to cut down a little, on the pederasty'. The attitude is
one of amused tolerance, which won't do now, but it was progressive
and liberal by the standards of his time. Wagner was not a homophobe.
 Wagner did not respond in public to Nietzsche's repeated attacks
(except once, a very indirect reference in one of his essays, without
mentioning Nietzsche's name); contra Köhler, the abuse was very much a
one-way street, and not in the direction that Köhler suggests. Köhler
also presents a Nietzsche who wrote anti-Semitic passages in his works
during the alliance with Wagner, but who stopped after the split. This
is simply and flagrantly untrue. The post-Wagner Nietzsche attacked
anti-Semites, but he also continued to attack and insult Jews."
%O The German original appeared in 1996.

%T The Swan King : Ludwig II of Bavaria
%A Christopher McIntosh
%D 1982  
%C London
%I Allen Lane
%G ISBN 0 7139 1204 9  
%X Another biography of Wagner's patron.

%T Personal Recollections of Wagner 
%T Erinnerungen an Richard Wagner
%M German *
%A Angelo Neumann
%F Edith Livermore
%D 2001 (reprint)
%I Best Books
%G ISBN 0 7222 5592 6 ; ML410.W1 N42
%X Neumann was a singer, producer and impresario who, while director
of the Leipzig opera, obtained permission from Wagner to stage the
'Ring' there.  He proposed to establish a Wagner theatre in Berlin,
although sufficient funding was never raised for this project.  In 
1882 with Wagner's permission, Neumann produced a staging of the 'Ring'
suitable for touring, which he staged all over Europe.  Like many of
Wagner's most enthusiastic supporters, remarkably, Neumann was Jewish.
%O German original published in 1907, Leipzig.  English translation
first published in 1908 by H. Holt and Co., New York, and in 1909 by 
Archibald Constable and Co., London.

%T Judith Gautier : A Biography
%A Joanna Richardson
%D 1986, 1987
%C London and New York
%I Quartet books, Franklin Watts Inc., Interlink Publishing
%G ISBN 0 7043 2483 0, 0 5311 5025 9 hbk, 0 7043 0085 0 pbk ;
PQ2257.G9 Z84 1987
%X Judith Gautier was Wagner's muse during the composition of 

%T A Richard Wagner Dictionary
%A Edward M. Terry
%D 1939
%C New York
%I H.W. Wilson
%G ML410.W1 A15
%X This is a quick alphabetical reference guide to places and people in
Wagner's life, titles of his prose works (keyed to the Ellis'
translation), synopses of the operas, and biographies of the operas'
characters . With musical examples.

%T Recollections of Richard Wagner
%T Erinnerungen an Richard Wagner
%M German *
%A Baron Hans von Wolzogen
%F Agnes and Carnegie Simpson
%D 1894
%C Bayreuth
%I C. Giessel
%G ML410.W1 W7
%X The young poet Hans von Wolzogen became an enthusiastic disciple of
Wagner in his student days, corresponded with Wagner, and was invited
to Bayreuth in October 1877 to become editor of the publication
'Bayreuther Blätter'. This periodical became his life's work;
publication ended with Wolzogen's death in 1938. He also produced a
series of thematic guides to Wagner's operas (see section IV) and
edited three volumes of Wagner's letters (see section VI).

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