Search the FAQ Archives

3 - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M
N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z - Internet FAQ Archives

Macintosh application software frequently asked questions (FAQ)

[ Usenet FAQs | Web FAQs | Documents | RFC Index | Property taxes ]

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
Archive-name: macintosh/apps-faq
Version: 2.4.0
Last-modified: September 4, 1995

Frequently Asked Questions about Macintosh Application Software

     comp.sys.mac.faq, part 4: 
     Copyright 1993,1994,1995 by Elliotte Harold
     Please see section 5.8 of the general FAQ if you wish to 
     redistribute, revise or republish this document in any way.

     Archive-name: macintosh/apps-faq
     Version: 2.4.0
     Last-modified: September 4, 1995
     Address comments to

What's new in version 2.3.4:

  1.1: What's the best text editor?

  PlainText and Tex-Edit are becoming full-blown editors.
  There's a better emacs port available than microEmacs, and
  vim is better vi port than Stevie.
  Alpha is $30 shareware (up from $25).

  1.3: What's the best genealogy software?

  soc.roots has become soc.genealogy.computing

          Table of Contents          

I.   What's the Best...
      1. Text editor
      2. Word processor
      3. Genealogy software
      4. TeX/LaTeX
      5. Integrated application
      6. Spreadsheet
      7. JPEG Viewer
      8. Electronic publishing software
      9. Drawing application
      10. Typing tutor?
      11. OCR software?
II.  Microsoft Word
      1. How can I assign styles to characters in Word 5.x?
      2. How can I automatically generate cross-references in Word 5.x?
      3. How can I change a Word document to TeX?  and vice-versa?
      4. How can I depersonalize Word?  Excel?
      5. Where can I get more information?
III. TeachText
      1. How can I change the font in TeachText?
      2. How do I place a picture in a TeachText file?
      3. How do I make a TeachText document read-only?


  This is the FOURTH part of this FAQ.  The first part is also 
  posted to this newsgroup under the subject heading  "Introductory 
  Macintosh frequently asked questions (FAQ)" and includes a complete 
  table of contents for the entire document as well as information on
  where to post, ftp, file decompression, trouble-shooting, preventive
  maintenance and conditions for reproduction, posting and use of this
  document outside of Usenet.  The second, third, fifth and sixth parts
  are posted every two weeks in comp.sys.mac.system, comp.sys.mac.misc,  
  comp.sys.mac.wanted and comp.sys.mac.hardware respectively.  Please
  familiarize yourself with all six sections of this document before
  posting. All pieces are available for anonymous ftp from 


  Except for the introductory FAQ which appears in multiple
  newsgroups and is stored as general-faq, the name of each 
  file has the format of the last part of the group name followed 
  by "-faq", e.g the FAQ for comp.sys.mac.system is stored as
  system-faq.  You can also have these files mailed to you
  by sending an E-mail message to
  with the line:  

   send pub/usenet/news.answers/macintosh/name 

  in the body text where "name" is the name of the file you want as 
  specified above (e.g. general-faq).  You can also send this server 
  a message with the subject "help" for more detailed instructions.  
  For access via the Web use 


WHAT'S THE BEST...  (1.0)


  Available shareware and freeware text editors that can handle more
  than 32K of text include PlainText, McSink, Tex-Edit Plus, BBEdit Lite,
  Edit II (with grep style searching), Alpha (particularly nice for
  working with TeX files), and vim (for fans of vi).  The feature 
  sets of these editors overlap somewhat but are not identical. Since 
  all are available via anonymous FTP, there's no reason not to try them 
  all and find the one you like best.  See

  I use Rich Siegel's BBEdit Lite for the FAQ because it can word 
  wrap to a specific number of characters and indent lines with spaces.  
  (You didn't think I did all this nice formatting by hand, did you?) 
  It's also a very nice programmer's editor.  BBEdit has an extensive
  interface for adding custom externals written in Think C so if you
  need a feature that's not built-in you can add it.  Some others
  may also miss a macro language that's easier to use than writing 
  code externals in C which brings us to my second choice.

  Alpha ($30 shareware) is a text editor that includes a full
  featured implementation of the tcl scripting language and extensive
  search and replace capabilities.  Emacs users will feel at home
  with this powerful program.  It's System 7 dependent. 


  The other feature conspicuously absent from BBEdit Lite is 
  soft word wrapping.  Many people who need this prefer PlainText,
  a freeware editor from that can also handle linefeed and smart 
  quote conversion as well as a lot of the other annoyances of 
  cross-platform work.

  Edit II has a grep style multi-file search and replace that's
  incredibly useful when your boss tells you he wants to change
  the format of the copyright notice in 250 HTML files spread out 
  over thirteen nested folders.


  vim is vi-workalike for the Mac. I don't know why you'd want
  to use a twenty-year old modal editor on the Mac, but if you
  do you can. 


  Tom Bender's Tex-Edit Plus straddles the line between a text editor 
  and a word processor.  Unlike the other editors profiled here
  Tex-Edit Plus includes extensive support for styled text on the
  level of SimpleText as well as support for text beyond SimpleText's
  32K limit.


  Parmet has ported Emac version 18 to the Mac.  See

  McSink, $45 shareware, is the original Mac text editor.  It became the
  commercial Vantage, and the shareware version is showing its age, but
  it still mostly works.  However unlike most of the other editors
  here, it still works with System 6.  And it has all the basic
  features you're likely to need.



  Word 6.0.1 is big and powerful, and it's going to polarize the market
  like nothing ever seen before ( (even earlier versions of itself). 
  Word 6.0.1 requires a 68020 Mac and System 7.  It wants a 68040 or
  PowerPC CPU, about thirty megabytes of free hard disk space, and five
  free megabytes of RAM (after all extensions and the system software
  are loaded).  On the other hand Word 6.0 is the first consumer priced
  product to provide all the features I need in a word processor
  including character based styles, auto-numbering of equations and
  figures, a fully programmable macro language and much, much more. 
  Word is virtually guaranteed to have at least one feature you can't
  live without which just isn't available in any other word processor. 
  For me that feature is outlining.  For you it may be styles or
  cross-platform support or a mail merge that can be used by
  non-programmers.  You may not need all the features in Word 6.0, but
  chances are good that you need some of them badly.  The only
  significant capability missing from Word 6.0 is support for non-Roman
  Even more importantly between the integrated outliner, fields, active
  assistance and the unbelievably powerful style sheets, Word is the
  first word processor to do more than merely treat documents as
  characters on a page.  Contrary to the beliefs of many on the net 
  and Microsoft's own propaganda, Word 6.0 isn't just "over 150 new
  features" tossed in to produce long lists of checkmarks in MacWeek
  feature comparison charts.  It's the beginning of the first word
  processor that more than merely placing characters on the page
  actually knows what those characters mean and how they relate to each
  other.  It is the next step that will take word processors from
  helping us type to helping us write.  It took me a while to realize
  this is what Microsoft was (very quietly) up to.  Noone else in the
  market is even close to providing this, and Microsoft doesn't want to
  tip off the competition.  Nonetheless this is the future of word
  processing; this is how we will be writing documents in ten years;
  and this is the biggest change in the definition of what a word
  processor should be since the original MacWrite, and perhaps since
  cut and paste.
  Finally since Word is the market leader, there's a greater chance
  that it will be upgraded and supported in the future, both by
  Microsoft and by third parties.  Many people have been burned by
  committing to word processors that were subsequently abandoned,
  leaving them with files they could neither exchange with others nor
  convert into better supported formats.  Thus it's nice to know that
  anyone you send a Word file to will be able to read it, and that any
  program which needs to import word processing documents will import a
  Word file.  And if there is some feature you need that Word just
  doesn't have (though I find it hard to imagine what) there's a very
  good chance a third party tool exists to provide it.  For instance
  although the envelope feature in Word is virtually useless, you can
  use Easy Envelopes to replace it.  On the other hand, there's no
  replacement for WordPerfect's imperfect outliner.
  Now for the bad news: In the process of creating this completely 
  new kind of word processor, Microsoft encountered a few problems.
  Most glaringly Word 6.0.1 is slow on 68030 and 68020 Macs.  The
  implementation is causing so many problems for so many people, that
  users are abandoning Word in droves.  While the Macintosh Word team
  at Microsoft continues to attempt to defend their product, they're
  pretty much the only ones. Even Microsoft's own technical support is
  telling callers "We hate them," (The Mac Word programming team), and
  [envelope printing in Word 6] "is proof Microsoft doesn't do drug
  testing when they hire programmers."

  Finally Word's interface is more like Windows than a Macintosh. (The
  menu bars aren't attached to the windows yet, but I'm waiting for
  that.)  Believe it or not, Microsoft continues to insist that this is
  a feature and not a bug, and that their customers want it.  By this
  they mean that system managers who approve purchase orders for
  hundreds of copies of Microsoft products and oversee large,
  mixed-platform networks want it.  This sort of person is, after all,
  Microsoft's real customer.  Microsoft has demonstrated little concern
  for the individual typing at the keyboard who, after all, doesn't
  approve any purchase orders.  While making the Windows and Macintosh
  versions of Word look and work identically makes technical support
  and training easier for management, it makes using the product harder
  for the individual Mac user since they essentially need to learn how
  to use a Windows program to use Word.
  Nonetheless I think Microsoft's vision of word processing is strong
  enough to make up for the bugs and the Windows interface.  However
  that's not a strong enough argument to make up for the snail-like
  slowness of the product, so if you don't have a 68040 or a PowerMac
  with five free megabytes of RAM you need to look elsewhere.  Therefore
  since Word doesn't run suitably quickly on my SE/30, I'm still
  looking for the ultimate word processor.  I hoped WordPerfect 3.1
  would be that program but there are still too many bugs in screen
  redraw, tables, and the import of Word files for me to feel
  comfortable using or recommending it.

  WordPerfect 3.1 is close to what Word 5.1 should have been and what
  many people wanted from Word 6.0.  It's acceptably fast on 68030 Macs
  with as little as two free megs of RAM, has just about every feature
  of Word 5.1 except outlining, plus a few more commonly requested
  features like automatic cross-referencing and auto-numbering of 
  figures, equations and tables, a macro language, and support for 
  WorldScript II languages like Korean, Chinese and Japanese (though 
  not right-to-left languages like Hebrew and Arabic). You can retrieve 
  a demo from


  If you want to upgrade from Word 5.1 but your Mac can't handle Word
  6.0 or your stomach can't handle Windows (since Word 6.0, is after
  all, just a Windows port) you might find WordPerfect more to your
  liking.  However be warned that not all of its features actually
  work.  Many of those that do are incomplete in their current
  incarnations.  And there are distinctly non-trivial bugs in screen
  redraw. Finally Wordperfect Corp. no longer offers lifetime technical
  support (though the first 180 days of support are tollfree). As
  thrilled as I was to see a real competitor for Microsoft Word, I'm
  afraid the initial glow has worn off.  I cannot recommend WordPerfect
  at this time, primarily because of the screen redraw problems.
  Users with limited disk space, 68000 CPUs, or less than four
  megabytes of memory may want to consider WriteNow 4.0, a word
  processor noted for its speed, small memory appetite, minimal disk
  footprint, and small price, about sixty dollars.  Unlike the other
  products discussed here, WriteNow really is designed first and last
  to be a word processor, not a document formatter.  It doesn't have an
  equation editor, text boxes, an outliner or other features more
  associated with desktop publishing than with writing.  If all you
  want to do is write, WriteNow may be the choice for you.  However you
  should be warned that after a series of mergers, acquisitions and
  product sales WriteNow has found itself in unfriendly corporate hands
  and will likely eventually die a quiet death.  There are no plans for
  any future upgrades.
  Users behind the power curve and even those out in front of it may
  also want to consider ClarisWorks whose word processing functions are
  more than sufficient for basic writing.  While more expensive than
  WriteNow, ClarisWorks also provides many other well-integrated
  features in a small and speedy package.
  Almost everyone who buys a computer immediately either buys or
  borrows a word processor.  Certainly they get one before they get 
  a modem and net access.  Consequently the market for freeware and
  shareware word processors is miniscule.  Nonetheless there is one.
  Datapak's Word Solution Engine Demo 2.2 is a full-featured free word
  processor.  Don't let the word "Demo" fool you.  What Datapak is
  demoing is the capabilities of the word processing engine they
  license to software developers, not the word processor itself which
  is fully functional and free.  WSED supports editing files larger
  than memory, WorldScript, simple styles and all the standard features
  you'd expect in a Macintosh word processor.  There's no manual or
  technical support, but what do you expect for free? In any case 
  the program is simple and intuitive enough that neither should be
  necessary.  See
  Among writers of technical documents that include many numbered
  equations, tables, and figures, FrameMaker is particularly popular.
  This may change now that Word offers all those features, especially
  since FrameMaker really is more of a desktop publishing package than
  a word processor, and it's priced like one.  The educational discount
  price for FrameMaker is close to the non-educational, street price of
  Word 5.1 or WordPerfect; and competitive upgrades are not available.
  When creating a Framemaker document you need to give a lot more
  initial thought to the layout of the page than you would with most
  word processors.  It's much harder to just launch FrameMaker and
  begin writing than it is in any of the other word processors. 
  Finally FrameMaker requires even more RAM than Microsoft Word 6.0! 
  All these facts convince me that FrameMaker is not well suited to
  general use.
  Many netters swear by (and at) NisusWriter from Nisus Software. If
  you're used to almost any other word processor, your first reaction
  on launching Nisus may be "What were the programmers thinking?"  The
  answer is, "Nothing like anybody else in the market." In many ways
  Nisus is still trying to catch up with Word 4, not to mention Word 6;
  but in many other ways Nisus has been ahead of Microsoft for years. 
  The feature set of Nisus is almost orthogonal to the feature set of
  everything else on the market.  For instance as well as the standard
  Plain, Bold, Italic and Underline styles, Nisus also includes Lower
  Underline, Dotted Underline, Word Underline, esreveR, Strike Through,
  Overbar, Invert and more.  On the other hand style sheets can't be
  based on each other, tables can't span more than a single page, you
  can't copy and paste styled text into other applications, there's 
  no outlining to speak of and the size of the files you can open is
  limited by available RAM.  It's almost as if someone sequestered a
  group of programmers in a lab for the last ten years, and forced them
  to develop a word processor with no knowledge of what anyone else
  might or might not be doing.
  Fancy styles are far from NisusWriter's most important unique
  strength.  NisusWriter is the only word processor that lets you write
  in any or all of Hebrew, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, English,
  Russian, and more.  To use non-Roman languages (except Japanese)
  requires a separately available ADB dongle (about $100 street); but
  if your writing is limited to Roman languages and Japanese, the
  undongled edition will serve equally well.

  NisusWriter is also renowned for its powerful macro language and
  styled-grep search and replace.  I've accomplished jobs in minutes
  with NisusWriter that hours of AppleScript programming and
  WordPerfect macros weren't able to handle.  If you have a lot of text
  that you want to reformat automatically you owe it to yourself to try
  NisusWriter first.
  If you're looking for a word processor that can do tables, multiple
  width snaking and newspaper style columns, import every picture
  format known, and in general double as a desktop publishing package,
  you don't want NisusWriter.  On the other hand if you need to write
  in Hebrew, Arabic, Chinese or many other non-Roman languages you
  really have no other choice.  You can get a demo from

  MacWrite Pro 1.5 is a solid product but has nothing special to
  recommend it beyond the name of the company that makes it. If
  MacWrite was produced by Friendly Neighborhood Software (tm) instead
  of Claris, it would have been eliminated from the market long ago.
  After years of abandonment FullWrite has returned to the hands of its
  original developers and from there to the retail market.  As of this
  writing I don't have much information about it but you can retrieve a
  demo copy from


  What's the bottom line?  In open platform competition where every
  program gets as fast a processor and as much RAM as it likes, there's
  no question that Word 6.0.1 is by far the best word processor for the
  Mac.  The one exception is if you need to write in non-Roman
  languages in which case NisusWriter is the superior choice.  However
  if we limit ourselves to 68030 Macs with less than three free
  megabytes of RAM the choice is a lot less obvious.  Word can barely
  run on such a system.  WordPerfect can't redraw its screen properly
  on any system.  NisusWriter works but is missing many features users
  have come to depend on.  All I suggest to Mac users with 68030 Macs
  is keep whatever you have now, be it ClarisWorks or an older version
  of Microsoft Word, and wait for the next round of releases before
  upgrading.  You may not have to wait long.  As I write this rumors of
  WordPerfect 3.5, ClarisWorks 4.0 and NisusWriter 4.1 have just been 
  released.  One thing's for sure: the Macintosh word processing market 
  is a lot more interesting than it was a year ago.


  Leister Productions' Reunion is the most powerful, flexible,
  graphical, and easy-to-use Macintosh software for producing family
  trees and doing genealogical research.  At $115 street it's also
  the most expensive.  Reunion is available from all the usual
  sources  of payware software.  If all you want to do is chart your
  own family tree back a few generations, you may want to consider
  the less powerful and less flexible, but considerably cheaper
  Personal Ancestry File (PAF for short) from the Church of Jesus
  Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormons for short).  It's designed
  primarily for easy downloading of data into the Mormons' central
  database so it's not as easy to use as Reunion and lacks some basic
  features.  For instance there's no provision for children of
  unmarried couples.  PAF is, however, only $35.  It must be ordered
  directly from the Mormons at
            Salt Lake Distribution Center 
            1999 West 1700 South
            Salt Lake City, UT  84104
           (800) 537-5950

  The product number is #30992 (Macintosh) and an IBM version is also
  available.  MasterCard and Visa are accepted for a $2 fee. However
  your card is charged for a cash advance rather than a purchase so
  interest will begin accruing immediately and your credit card 
  company will probably tack on about a 2.5% cash advance fee.
  There are also a number of shareware genealogy programs
  including Heritage Genealogy, Our Family Tree, and Gene.  See

  However these programs are limited compared to PAF and the much more 
  powerful Reunion.  For instance, Our Family Tree's pedigree charts 
  can only go back five generations as opposed to Reunion's thirty-five.

  For more information on all of these programs and many others you 
  should read the FAQ list for soc.genealogy.computing, available by 
  sending email to with the words 
  "GET FAQ MACTOSH" (no quotes) in the body of the message.

TEX?  (1.4)

  Textures from Blue Sky Research is easily the superior
  implementation of TeX for the Mac.  It's the only TeX for the Mac
  that typesets and displays text and equations continuously as the
  TeX code describing them is typed, includes PostScript versions of
  the Computer Modern fonts, or allows simple copying and pasting of
  graphics and formatted pages between TeX and other Mac applications.
  If you work with TeX on a daily basis, Textures at $195 student price 
  is worth a look.  Blue Sky Research is famous on the net for technical 
  support that should be a model for the industry.  For more information 
  send E-mail to
  Andrew Trevorrow's OzTeX is not as sophisticated or as Maclike
  as Textures, but OzTeX files are somewhat more easily exported 
  to TeX systems on other platforms than are Textures files.  More
  importantly OzTeX is only $30 shareware and available from 


  OzTeX is the most integrated and Maclike of the shareware TeX's.  
  It's also the only shareware TeX with anything approaching complete 
  documentation.  It's slower than the other programs discussed here, 
  but does allow background compilation and printing.  If you only 
  need to print or preview an occasional TeX document, get OzTeX.
  Tom Kiffe recently released CMacTeX 2.1, a more modular TeX 
  for the Mac.  The different pieces of this full TeX package like
  dvipreview, TeX, and METAFONT are all available separately. CMacTeX
  is available in both freeware and commercial versions.  The
  freeware version is available for anonymous ftp at 


  The freeware package includes information on ordering the commercial 
  version which costs $25 and adds the "big" TeX and Metafont packages. 
  Both versions include METAFONT, dvips, and various other TeXie tools.
  However both versions require a PostScript printer.  Unlike the
  other TeX programs CMacTeX cannot print to a QuickDraw printer. 
  CMacTeX's documentation is somewhat lacking.

  Finally Wilfried Ricken maintains DirectTeX, shareware, 
  $100 for up to three copies, $20 for each additonal copy.  It 
  can be retrieved from 

  DirectTeX sits on top of and requires the payware MPW.  This 
  provides it with exceptionally strong macro abilities but makes
  it by far the least Maclike of the four packages.  DirectTeX
  supports bidirectional typesetting as is needed for Hebrew and
  Arabic.  It includes most TeX utilities such as BibTeX, METAFONT,
  and various tools for working with .dvi files.  DirectTeX is the
  fastest shareware TeX and offers the most complete collection of
  TeX capabilities and tools.


  Most software is driven by the needs of power users.  Features
  are added to sell into the power-user segment of the market since
  they're the hardest to please and spend the most dollars.  Triple
  Omega Paperware Corp. and its competitors need to design cocktail
  napkins in 16,000,000 lifelike, mouthwatering  colors so 
  Big Software Inc. has its programmers spend many hours adding
  photorealistic color capability to Bloated Draw 7.2.  Meanwhile
  Father O'Brian finds he needs all the hard disk space on his Color
  Classic and more money than he gets in the collection plate on 
  a good Sunday just to purchase and install Bloated Draw 7.2,
  SuperDuperPublisher 3.8, and WhizzyWriter 9.7 so he can make a
  brochure with a picture of a hamburger to advertise the upcoming
  CYO dinner.  Integrated applications provide the tools for Father
  O'Brien to create his brochure at a price, both in money and system
  resources, that won't require him to rob the poorbox. 
  Very few Mac users really push our $200 software packages to
  the limit.  Even people who do use Word 5.1 to the fullest may 
  not come close to utilizing the power of Excel or Canvas, and
  vice-versa.  An integrated package omits the 80% of features that
  90% of users never touch.  Thus we get the 20% of features that 
  we actually do use in several areas for less than the price of a 
  full featured application in any one of those areas.  Integrated
  applications also pack these features into a smaller, faster
  package ideal for users with 68000 Macs or small hard disks. The
  basic components of an integrated package include a word processor,
  drawing application, spreadsheet, database, charting module, and
  telecommunications.  Some integrated apps also include painting 
  (ClarisWorks, WordPerfect Works, and GreatWorks), outlining
  (ClarisWorks, GreatWorks), and even presentation 
  (ClarisWorks) modules. 
  ClarisWorks is undoubtedly the best integrated package for
  the Mac (which of course means it's easily the best integrated
  package anywhere, but you knew that already. :-)  ClarisWorks 1.0 
  did what was previously thought to be impossible.  It destroyed a
  virtual Microsoft monopoly in a market, something no one had ever
  before achieved though many had tried.  The virtual dethroning of
  market leader Microsoft Works by the upstart Claris ought to 
  serve as a lesson to any company that thinks market dominance can
  substitute for solid, improving products.  It also proved for the
  first time that even as a wholly owned Apple subsidiary Claris was
  capable of turning out a market leading product, something they'd
  never done before.  With the release of version 2.0 the gap between
  ClarisWorks and everyone else became a chasm.  Though other
  integrated packages like Symantec's GreatWorks and WordPerfect
  Works offer a few features not found in Claris Works and vice
  versa, (Noone agrees on exactly how much should be included in an
  integrated package.) none of the other packages are as well
  integrated, well designed, and easy to use as ClarisWorks.  I
  strongly recommend ClarisWorks as the first software for new 
  Mac owners, and an essential tool for PowerBook users.  See


  The best professional's spreadsheet is undoubtedly Microsoft
  Excel.  While there are occasional reasons one might want to use
  Lotus 1-2-3, Wingz or Resolve, they all fall into the "If you have 
  to ask..." category.  Since development has ceased on all three of
  Excel's competitors, I recommend that you do not buy any payware
  spreadsheet except Excel unless you absolutely must.

  However if you're less than a real power user of
  spreadsheets, you may want to take a look at two excellent
  demoware packages, BiPlane and Mariner which retail for about 20%
  of the street  prices of their payware counterparts and offer the
  20% of spreadsheet features 90% of spreadsheet users spend 100% 
  of their time using.  Both are available from 


  You may also want to consider one of the integrated packages 
  such as ClarisWorks.  For less than the price of a full-blown 
  spreadsheet, you get a medium-sized spreadsheet  with all the 
  basic features except macros, and a damned good word processor 
  and graphics package to boot.  See


  Aaron Giles' JPEGView previews JPEG files on Macs running
  System 7.  Kevin Mitchell's GifConverter, $45 shareware, can read
  and dither JPEG's on any Mac running System 6.0.5 or later.  See



  Professional electronic publishers tend to swear by either
  QuarkXPress or Aldus Pagemaker, typically because they haven't
  tried the other package.  The interface metaphors of the two
  products are quite different, and forcing your mind to switch
  between the two is non-trivial.  However many people have made the
  effort to switch to Quark.  Few have moved the other direction
  unless forced.
  Quark offers more control over the placement of objects on the
  page and various color effects than does PageMaker.  This makes
  Quark particularly popular for advertising and other layouts
  that don't look like traditional books and magazines.  For instance
  I can't imagine laying out Mondo 2000 or Spy in PageMaker.  In
  Quark it might actually be fun.  This is not to say that such
  things can't be done; the MacWarehouse catalog is done with
  Pagemaker; but Quark is certainly easier to use for this sort of
  free-form layout.  Pagemaker fits  a more traditional layout like
  MacWeek's where everything fits neatly into non-overlapping
  rectangular columns and boxes with occasional pull quotes.  

  Aldus has been playing catch-up with Quark for several years 
  now, and with the recent release of PageMaker 6.0 they may finally 
  have pulled even.  The two products still aren't equal (Quark's
  XTensions are superior to Aldus Additions; PageMaker's book
  publishing features like automatic indexing are non-existent in
  Quark.) but they are roughly comparable.  PageMaker is a little
  more expensive, but Aldus provides much better support.  For 
  users just starting out I recommend PageMaker. 
  Many people choose PageMaker because its simpler interface 
  makes it easier to use for simple black and white newsletters, 
  books, and other printed matter that doesn't push the art of 
  electronic publishing to its limits.  However if this is all 
  you want, you may be surprised at just how well today's word
  processors fit your needs.  With text and picture boxes,
  styles, multi-column capabilities, sectioning, EPS import, 
  and many other features traditionally associated with desktop 
  publishing, word processors like Word 6.0, WordPerfect 3.1, 
  and even ClarisWorks can do a surprisingly professional job
  when producing relatively simple documents.  These features 
  may not be obvious (especially in Word 6.0) but they are 
  present, and for considerably less money than Pagemaker.


  For sheer artistic capability MacroMedia Freehand and Adobe
  Illustrator have been playing leapfrog with each other for years.  As
  of this writing I consider the race too close to call. For day-to-day
  work most people feel more comfortable with whichever program they
  learned first since the interfaces of the two packages are somewhat
  different. I will note that Illustrator is by far the more popular
  package, at least in the New York City graphic design community,
  where jobs that require Illustrator vastly outnumber ones that
  require Freehand.
  Both Illustrator and Freehand are designed for tasks that would
  traditionally have been accomplished by freehand drawing.  If your
  drawing tends more towards the technical than the artistic, you'll
  probably be happier with Canvas 3.5 which has a superior interface
  for object alignment and drawing to scale.  Illustrator and Freehand
  can do pretty much anything Canvas can and vice-versa; but having the
  right package does make particular jobs easier.  If your pictures
  will consist mainly of smooth curves, Illustrator or Freehand will
  suit you better.

  All of the above packages are geared toward serious artists and
  professional designers and are priced accordingly.  For occasional
  drawing  by non-professionals any of the integrated packages such 
  as ClarisWorks or even the drawing modules of WordPerfect or 
  Microsoft Word will likely serve well for a substantially smaller
  investment of time, money, and disk space.


  Almost everyone agrees that Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing 
  ($34 street) is the best typing tutor program though some, including
  myself, would qualify that by noting that it's the best of a bad
  lot.  It includes all the standard bells and whistles one would
  expect from a typing tutor including statistics, typing games, and
  practice text plus a few extras like a Dvorak mode and a manual
  that's considerably more interesting and fun than the program
  itself.  Mavis Beacon has its flaws (It expects you to type two 
  spaces at the end of a sentence, and its Dvorak mode doesn't work 
  with a genuine Dvorak keyboard.) but these are shared by the
  competitors as well.  Two Hypercard typing tutors are available from 


  These aren't the equal of Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing, but if price 
  is your only concern download them and try them out.


  OmniPage Professional ($500 street) is far and away the best
  optical character recognition package for the Mac.  However for 
  considerably less money ($75 street) Xerox TextBridge does a 
  perfectly adequate job of basic recognition without all the bells 
  and whistles of OmniPage Pro. 


  Once you've used character based styles it's almost impossible 
  to imagine document formatting without them.  After all, just because
  you want equations to be formatted in 10 point I Times Italic or
  references to menu choices in 12 point Chicago doesn't mean you want
  the entire paragraph in that font; but that seems to be the only
  choice Word 5.1 and earlier offer.  (Word 6 has true character based
  styles.)  It's truly a shame that a program that makes
  working with styles so easy via its ribbon bar and customizable
  command key equivalents that can be attached to common styles doesn't
  let the user attach styles to less than a paragraph of text at a time.
  There is, however, a work-around.  Unless you're one of the
  fifteen people who actually use color text, you've got six unused
  character formats called Blue, Cyan, Green, Magenta, Red, and Yellow
  available in the Format Character dialog box and via user-assignable
  Command-Keys. (There's also Black and White but using those two will
  mess with the normal appearance of your document.)  Pick a color for
  each different character-based style you want to use and mark your
  text with the appropriate color.  Then, before saving the document,
  do a global Find and Replace for each color; i.e. find the color and
  replace with the style attributes like font and font size.


  Matthew Nodine's WordRef 1.4.1 (shareware, $25) uses some truly
  inspired hacks to make cross-referencing and auto-numbering of
  figures, tables, sections, equations or whatever else you might care
  to count almost simple.  (It gets genuinely simple in Word 6.0 where
  these features are built directly into Word.)  WordRef will also 
  automatically generate BibTeX style bibliographies.  The writer 
  defines variables for each reference or number series while writing.  
  These variables can be operated on by various arithmetic and logical 
  operators (so a little programming experience is helpful though not 
  absolutely necessary.)  When you're ready to prepare a draft, WordRef 
  will resolve all references and citations into Word PrintMerge 
  variables.  Then PrintMerge produces the final output.  The procedure 
  is more complicated than it would be if Microsoft incorporated these 
  features into Word, but for the moment WordRef should serve most 
  users' cross-referencing needs well.  See



  Brian Jefferies of the University of New South Wales has 
  written the program RTF->TeX to convert files Word files saved in RTF
  format into plain TeX files.  RTF->TeX is less than robust.  Among
  other deficiencies it ignores paragraph and character formatting
  and will not handle equations written with the Equation Editor
  (though it will try to convert equations written in Word's built-in
  formula setting language.)  However RTF->TeX is a useful tool to
  handle a lot of the grunt work of preprocessing documents before
  finishing the conversion by hand.  See


  Erwin Wechtl and Alex Viskovatoff have written a similar though
  less polished tool called rtf2LaTeX for converting RTF files to 
  LaTeX.  See


  Fernando Dorner and Andreas Granzer have written a UNIX
  based program to go in the other direction.  See


  Design Science's MathType, the payware from which Word's 
  Equation Editor is derived can convert Equation Editor equations 
  into TeX (though it can't convert the rest of the document).  Call 
  Design Science at (310) 433-0685 for ordering info.


  BEFORE installing any software you should lock all the master
  disks, make a backup of all the master disks, and install from the
  backups.  Since some installers now check for specific bits on the
  installer floppy, use DiskCopy to make the backup of the master
  disks.  DiskCopy also copies floppies more quickly on a one-floppy
  system than the Finder.  This is especially true for recent Microsoft
  applications like Word and Excel that write personalization info on
  the master disks.  If you need to do multiple installs such as from
  the single set of disks Microsoft sends with its site licenses, you
  don't need to make a backup for every computer you'll be installing
  on.  Instead just copy the original, pre-personalization Installer
  application onto your hard drive and replace the one on the floppy
  with the clean copy from your hard drive after every install.
  If the disks have already been personalized, get the freeware
  program Anonymity 1.2 from


  Make a copy of Word on your hard drive and then "Zap" it with 
  Anonymity.  This removes the personalization information.  The next
  time Word is launched it will prompt you for the personalization 
  information.  If you're using Word 5.0 or 5.1 you'll then be asked 
  to insert the "Install" disk.  Don't!  Instead click Cancel.  Word 
  will now display a dialog telling you how nice it's being for letting 
  you use your software even though you're obviously a nasty, evil 
  pirate.  Click OK.  Then quit Word.  Launch Word again, cancel out 
  of the dialog asking for the Install floppy again, acknowledge the 
  anti-piracy message again, and quit Word again.  Repeat this three 
  more times.  The sixth time you launch Word it should have given up 
  on ever getting you to give it the master Install floppy and will 
  stop asking for it.

  Depersonalizing Excel 4.0 is a little trickier.  You'll need copies
  of the master disks to do this. You'll also need Anonymity and some
  utility like ResEdit or FileTyper that can change file types.  Make a
  copy of the first installer floppy.  Use your file-typing utility to
  change the type of the *installer document* on the new floppy to
  "APPL" from its original type of bbkr. (four letters, all caps, no
  quotes).  Then run Anonymity to depersonalize the installer document.
  Next change the filetype of the installer document back to "bbkr"
  (four letters, no caps, no quotes).  The new floppy should now be
  fully depersonalized.  This process can also be use  to depersonalize 
  Word 5.x's installer floppies should that ever be necessary.

  You can still depersonalize Excel 4.0 even if you don't have the
  master disks.  To do this you'll need a copy of ResEdit including 
  the Code Editor.
  First make a copy of the Excel application.  You're going to perform 
  some pretty nasty hacks on this and you want a backup if anything 
  goes wrong.  Then launch Excel, and check the serial number (in the 
  About Box).  Write this number down.
  Quit Excel and then open it in ResEdit.  Open the pcod resources
  and open pcod resource 2.  Select Find ASCII... from the Find menu
  and search for the serial number.  It's stored there, unencrypted. 
  The user and company names are stored just above this, encrypted. 
  The encryption algorithm isn't obvious to me, but it is one-to-one,
  e.g. 86 (hex) is always a space.  By permuting  the finite number of
  possible values you can create a chart mapping the actual characters
  to their coded hex equivalents, and then use this chart to write out
  the personalization info you want.



  Make a copy of TeachText 7.0 and open the COPY with ResEdit.  
  Open CODE resource 1.  You'll probably be warned that the resource is
  stored compressed and that opening it will irreversibly decompress
  it.  Click OK.  Scroll down to address 4A88.  You should see the hex
  string "0001 A887".  A887 is the call to TextFont().  The four hex
  digits preceding it (0001) are the font ID.  Change this number to
  the ID (in hexadecimal) of the font you want.  Monaco would be 
  0004.  (It may be something else if Monaco has been renumbered 
  on your system.) 

  To change the size go to the next line (4A90) and look for
  "000C A88A"  A88A is the call to TextSize().  The four hex digits
  preceding it are the size of the font to be used.  Change "000C" to
  the size (in hex) you want.  For instance 0009 is nine-point, 0010
  would be sixteen point. 
  Changing the font and size can adversely affect the way
  TeachText displays embedded pictures which most commonly occur in
  read-only TeachText documents (the ones with the little newspaper
  icons) so you may want to finish your modifications by deleting FREF
  resource 130 to prevent your modified TeachText from opening those
  files.  Save your changes and quit. 


  I recommend the shareware program Belgian Postcards by 
  AIGS and Karl Pottie.  While the interface is not very well 
  thought out, it does make placing pictures in TeachText 
  documents easier than any other utility or technique.  See



  Use ResEdit or any other file typer utility to change 
  the file's type to 'ttro.'  The above-mentioned Belgian 
  Postcards will also save (and edit) files in this format.

   Elliotte Rusty Harold

User Contributions:

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

[ Usenet FAQs | Web FAQs | Documents | RFC Index ]

Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer: (Elliotte Harold)

Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:11 PM