Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei (NIPR)
Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei (NIPR) is a clandestine leftist extremist group that appeared in Rome in 2000. NIPR adopted the logo of the Red Brigades of the 1970s and 1980s—an encircled five-point star—for their declarations. NIPR opposes Italy's foreign and labor policies and claimed responsibility for the bomb attacks in April, 2001, on a building housing a U.S.-Italian-relations association and on an international affairs institute in Rome's historic center. NIPR claimed to have carried out a May, 2000, explosion in Rome at an oversight committee facility for implementation of the law on strikes in public services as well as an explosion in February, 2002, on the Via Palermo adjacent to the Interior Ministry in Rome.
Comprising about a dozen members, NIPR operates mainly in Rome, Milan, Lazio, and Tuscany.
█ FURTHER READING:
CDI (Center for Defense Information), Terrorism Project. CDI Fact Sheet: Current List of Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations. March 27, 2003. < http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/terrorist.cfm > (April 17, 2003).
Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook, 2002. < http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ > (April 16, 2003).
Taylor, Francis X. U.S. Department of State. "Patterns of Global Terrorism 2001." Annual Report: On the Record Briefing. May 21, 2002. < http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/rm/10367.htm > (April 17, 2003).
U.S. Department of State. Annual reports. < http://www.state.gov/www/global/terrorism/annual_reports.html > (April 16, 2003).