Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade
The al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade comprises an unknown number of small cells of Fatah-affiliated activists that emerged at the outset of the current intifadah to attack Israeli targets. It aims to drive the Israeli military and settlers from the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Jerusalem and to establish a Palestinian state.
Organization activities. Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade has carried out shootings and suicide operations against Israeli military personnel and civilians and has killed Palestinians that it believed were collaborating with Israel. At least five United States citizens, four of them dual Israeli-U.S. citizens, were killed in these attacks. Intelligence reports claim the group probably did not target U.S. citizens during these attacks. In January 2002, the group claimed responsibility for the first suicide bombing carried out by a female.
The strength of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade is unknown, and operates mainly in the West Bank and has claimed attacks inside Israel and the Gaza Strip.
█ FURTHER READING:
Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook, 2002. < http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ > (April 16, 2003).
Taylor, Francis X. U.S. Department of State. Patterns of Global Terrorism 2001, Annual Report: On the record briefing. May 21, 2002 < http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/rm/10367.htm > (April 17,2003).
U.S. Department of State. Annual reports. < http://www.state.gov/www/global/terrorism/annual_reports.html > (April 16, 2003).