RE REVIEW OF HOLDINGS ON THE BAMACA CASE

Created: 1/1/1994

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

Enclosedeview of holdings on the Bamaca case that we requested from out ALA analysts. Their information and conclusions track closely with the information we forwarded to you earlier this afternoon. If you found this product helpful or have any comments, we would like to send them to the analysts, so they know how their "short fuse" product was roceived.

PL

1. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS PROVIDED IN RESPONSE TOEQUEST FOR INFORMATION ON ALA HOLDINGS ON THE EFRIAN ELASQUEZ, AKAOMMANDANTS 2VARAEO, CASE,

3 . ACCORDING TO EMBASSY REPORTING, GOG OFFICIALS MAINTAIN THAT REVOLUTIONARY ORGANIZATION OF PEOPLE IN ARMS (ORPA) LEADER EFRIAN BAMACA DIED FOLLOWING AN ENGAGEMENT WITH ARMY TROOPS IN TKEY CLAIM HE FELL VICTIMELF-INFLICTED WOUND TO THE MOUTH, AND WAS BURIED IN AN UNMARKED GRAVE IN RETALKULEU. HOWEVER, AN3 EXHUMATION OF THE UNMARKED GRAVE FAILED TO PRODUCE THE REMAIN5 OF COMMANDANTS SVARADO, OR OF ANY OTHER VICTIM WITH ELL-TALE WOUND. SINCE THEN, HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS--LEDENNIFER. CITIZEN AND BAMACA'S REPUTED COMMON-LAW WIFE--ALLEGE THAT THE ORPA LEADER WAS CAPTURED AND SUBSEQUENTLY INTERNED WITHTHER GUERRILLAS IN A

DEFENSE GENS SAL ENRIQUEZ, AND OTHER SENIOR OFFICIALS REPEATEDLY HAVE DENIED THESE CHARGES, AND INSIST THAT SUCH CAMPS DO NOT EXIST. T)

IT

GUATEMALAN GOVERNMENT MAS SYSTEMATICALLY MISREPRESENTED ITS KNOWLEDGE AND USE Or CLANDESTINE MILITARY PRISONS, AS WELL' ASRESUMED DESTINY OF COMMAND ANTE EVARADO. WHAT FOLLOWS iPTLATION, UL0QICAL ORDER, OF ALL RELATED REPORTING AVAILA3LE TO ALA ON THE BAMACA CASS. ^BB

AWAY ED MILITARY INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS FROM THE ARMED FORCES OSNSRAt. STAFF, ANE Mi^BBHMkW CLAIMi NEVER SAW 3AMACA OR HEARD ANYTHING ABOUT HIS WHEREABOUTS CR

AGAIN. flLSHIHLW " PORTEDLY IMPLIED THAT BAMACA WAS IN OOOD, IF NOT EXCELLENT HEA-TH, AT KIS TIME OP CAPTURE.

WHEN QUESTIONED WHY, IT BAMACA IS NOW DEAD. THE GUATEMALAN GOVERNMENT DOES NOT TURN OVER HIS REMAINS,

OPINED THAT TO DO SO WOULD OPEN THE GOVERNMENT (AND THE MILITARY) LOOD OF REQUESTS FOR THE WHEREABOUTS AND REMAINS OF VICTIMS OF THE LONG AND BLOODY CIVIL WAR.

CLAIMED "THE GOVERNMENT AND THE ARMED FORCES WOULD HAVE NOTHING TO GAINELEASINGEMAINS, AND WOULD ONLY SB OPENING THEMSELVES U? TO INTERNATIONAL CONDEMNATION AFTER DOING SO.'

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rN EARLY ARMY SPECIALISTS ) AND EACHOR THEIR ROLE IN THE MURDER. CITIZEN MICHAEL PUBLICLY ALLEGED THE ARMY MAINTAINS

JAILS. IHBHbVRV THE GUATEMALAN NATIONAL DEFENSE STAFF, WORRIED THAT THE ALLEGATIONS--WHETHER TRUE ORDAMACE THE ARMY'S IMAGEIME WHEN IT HAD MADE GREAT STRIDES TO IMPROVE ITS REPUTATION, ENIOR COUNTERINTELLIQENCE OFFICER TO MEET WITH THE IMPRISONED SPECIALISTS - ALTHOUGH THE SPECIALISTS ADMITTED TO HAVING EXAGGERATED THEIR ALLEGATION'S,

officzrs reportedly believed the accounts of "willy* andwo urng members who testified befors

the un human rights commission in3 about their experiences as prisoners and who, prior to their escape from one o? these camps, claim to have seen 3amaca alive.

5. AS TO TH3 FATE OF BAMACA, ALA DOES NOT HAVE ENOUGH

information to ascertain whether he is still alive, although g|

0kXw WOULDTRONG INCENTIVE TO KEEP HIM ALIVE--FOR MIS SUPPOSED VAST KNOWLEDGE OF ORPA'S STRUCTURE AND PERSONNEL--AND TURN HIM AGAINST HIS FORMER COMRADES, HE JUST AS EASILY MAY HAVE DIED OF BATTLEFIELD WOUNDS AND BEEN "BURIED IN AN AS-YET

UNIDENTIFIED GRAVE. ths POSSIBILITY ALSO EXISTS THAT THE ARMY

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P. oZ

EXECUT:.l AAMACA AFTER IT EXTRACTED WHATEVER INFORMATION IT COULD FROM THE ORPA LEADER. IN ANY EVENT, fft REMAINS VURYUT THIS CASE AND OTHERS LIKE IT, AND DOES NOT APPEAR INCLINED TO ADMIT ALL THAT IT KNOWS.

Original document.

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