POLAND

Created: 1/8/1981

OCR scan of the original document, errors are possible

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SITUATION REPORTS

POLAND

Solidarity yeeterday tot tht stageonfrontation with tht regime over shorter work houre by tentatively deciding toimmediate implementationhour workweek. According to Veetern pressormal resolution it elated to be adopted today. mb**

Solidarityillingness to discuss tha issue but apparently Intends to Instruct its membership to work the snorter week until negotiations with thehave resolved tha controversy. If Solidarity reaffirms this position today, much of the Polish work force probably will stay away from the job this Saturday.

Deputy Prime Hlnistar Jagielski yesterday took the government's position to the populace. He said that the government is prepared to accept one of two alternatives, therebyillingness to negotiate, butits argumenthorter workweek should be introduced gradually. The regime may hope that one ofhourattractive enough to draw Solidarity into negotiations.

Despite government-union differences on this issue, yesterday's session of Solidarity's national leadership included an unusual show of coop"tatlon between the two sides. For the firstegime spokesmaneeting of Solidarity's National Coordinating Commission.

The presence of the Deputy Prime Ministerfor union affairs is evidence of tbe government's willingnesa to consult Solidarity on important andissues. In the past, the regime would simply have announced its plane without consulting those most

affected. fBSmw

Approved Date

s

The session, which continues today, took the first, step toward establishing Solidarity's newspaper byan adviser to Solidarity leader Walesa as editor in chief. The adviseroderate lay Catholic with good contacts in tha Church Episcopate.

The dispute between farmers .'id the regime inPoland continued yesterday. The farmers broke off talksovernment delegation that they felt had no mandate toettlement. VJaTss*

The party Politburo has triad to appearfarmers' demands by announcing newths eliminationand tax on farmsareasreese on the prices ofagricultural services.

The regime is trying to counter demands forrural unions by holding out the prospect ofself-management in the countryside. Suchprobably will have little immediate impact on farmers, whose hostility has been nurtured by decades of broken promises and neglect. fmw}

Moscow on Trade Unions

Soviet radiobroadcasts to Poland areestrictive interpretation of the role of trade unionsocialist society. fmm*

A broadcast Tuesday stressed that the main tasks of trade unions are to increase productivity and strengthen labor discipline. Tbe broadcast also quoted Lenin on tbe "need" for the Communist Party to direct the activity of trade unions. tamY*

A Pravda article in December conceded that day-to-day rade jr.ion aotivitiea are determined by the prevailing local conditions in each country. When Moscow Radio broadcast this article to Poland, it omitted the more flexible passages. eYsmTs>

The Pravda article seemed to be anoviet audience for the Kremlin's tolerance thus far of changes in Poland's cr-de union structure that would be unacceptable in the USSR. The Soviets, however, evidently believe that projecting tootanceolish audience would risk encouraging the activity of the new, independent unions, easts*

Polish Economic Reforms

The minor economic reforms that the regime put into effect last week are not likely to have much impact on raising productivity orgreatest needs of the economy. The reforms include provisions for limited decentralization of industrial enterprises and expansion of the worker's role in the enterprises. 9Mr

The new measures are watered down by the exclusionarge number of enterprises from the reforms, by central control over investment, and by continuednce on the measurement of plan fulfillment in physical terms rather than in monetary terms. The regime has saidraft proposal for more substantial reforms will be made public later this month.

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