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RFC 6042 - Transport Layer Security (TLS) Authorization Using Ke

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Independent Submission                                      A. Keromytis
Request for Comments: 6042                           Columbia University
Category: Informational                                     October 2010
ISSN: 2070-1721

       Transport Layer Security (TLS) Authorization Using KeyNote


   This document specifies the use of the KeyNote trust-management
   system as an authorization extension in the Transport Layer Security
   (TLS) Handshake Protocol, according to guidelines in RFC 5878.
   Extensions carried in the client and server hello messages confirm
   that both parties support the desired authorization data types.
   Then, if supported by both the client and the server, KeyNote
   credentials are exchanged in the supplemental data handshake message.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This is a contribution to the RFC Series, independently of any other
   RFC stream.  The RFC Editor has chosen to publish this document at
   its discretion and makes no statement about its value for
   implementation or deployment.  Documents approved for publication by
   the RFC Editor are not a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.

1.  Introduction

   This document describes the identifiers necessary to exchange KeyNote
   [KEYNOTE] credential assertions inside a TLS [TLS1.0] [TLS1.1]
   [TLS1.2] exchange.  Such credential assertions can authorize the
   client and/or the server to perform certain actions.  In most usage
   scenarios, the KeyNote credential assertions will be signed by a
   cryptographic public key [RFC2792].  By using the X.509 key and
   signature encoding [X509KEY], it is possible to add KeyNote-based
   authorization and policy compliance support to the existing,
   unmodified X.509 authentication exchange in TLS.

   A list of KeyNote credentials (e.g., forming a delegation chain) may
   be sent as part of the same payload.  Alternatively, a URL [RFC3986]
   pointing to the location of such a list of KeyNote credentials may be

   In most scenarios, at least one of these credentials will be issued
   to the public key of the transmitter of the credentials, i.e., said
   public key will appear in the "Licensees" field of at least one
   KeyNote credential assertion.  The same public key will generally be
   used by the transmitter of the same credentials to authenticate as
   part of the TLS exchange.  The authentication material (e.g.,
   cryptographic public key) that was used by the transmitter to
   authenticate in the TLS exchange will be provided to the KeyNote
   evaluation engine as an "Action Authorizer".

1.1.  Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

2.  KeyNote Credential Assertion Lists

   The KeyNote Assertion List type definition in the TLS Authorization
   Data Formats registry is:


   When the keynote_assertion_list value is present, the authorization
   data is a list of KeyNote credential assertions that conforms to the
   profile in RFC 2704 [KEYNOTE].

   A KeyNote assertion list is transmitted inside an
   AuthorizationDataEntry structure as an opaque sequence of
   1 - 2^16-1 bytes:

      opaque KeyNoteAssertionList<1..2^16-1>;

   When KeyNoteAssertionList is used, the field contains an ASCII-
   encoded list of signed KeyNote assertions, as described in RFC 2704
   [KEYNOTE].  The assertions are separated by two "\n" (newline)
   characters.  A KeyNote assertion is a structure similar to a public
   key certificate; the main difference is that instead of a binding
   between a name and a public key, KeyNote assertions bind public keys
   to authorization rules that are evaluated by the peer when the sender
   later issues specific requests.

   When making an authorization decision based on a list of KeyNote
   assertions, proper linkage between the KeyNote assertions and the
   public key certificate that is transferred in the TLS Certificate
   message is needed.  Receivers of a KeyNote assertion list should
   initialize the ACTION_AUTHORIZER variable to be the sender's public
   key, which was used to authenticate the TLS exchange.  If a different
   authentication mechanism is used, it is the responsibility of the
   credential issuer to issue the appropriate credentials.

3.  KeyNote Credential Assertion List URL

   The KeyNote Assertion List URL type definition in the TLS
   Authorization Data Formats registry is:


   A KeyNote Assertion List URL is transmitted inside an
   AuthorizationDataEntry structure as a URLandHash structure [AUTHZ].

   When the keynote_assertion_list_url value is present, the
   authorization data is a list of KeyNote assertions as described in
   Section 2; however, the KeyNote assertion list is fetched with the
   supplied URL.  A one-way hash value is provided to ensure that the
   intended KeyNote credential assertion is obtained.

   Implementations that support keynote_assertion_list_url MUST support
   URLs that employ the HTTP scheme [HTTP].  These implementations MUST
   confirm that the hash value computed on the fetched authorization
   matches the one received in the handshake.  Mismatch of the hash
   values SHOULD be treated as though the authorization was not
   provided, which will result in a bad_certificate alert [AUTHZ].

   Other schemes may also be supported.  When dereferencing these URLs,
   circular dependencies MUST be avoided.  Avoiding TLS when
   dereferencing these URLs is one way to avoid circular dependencies.
   Therefore, clients using the HTTP scheme MUST NOT use these TLS
   extensions if the Upgrade mechanism in HTTP [UPGRADE] is used.  For
   other schemes, similar care must be taken to avoid using these TLS

4.  IANA Considerations

   With this document, IANA has registered two new entries in the TLS
   Authorization Data Formats registry: keynote_assertion_list(64) and
   keynote_assertion_list_url(65).  This registry is defined in [AUTHZ].

5.  Security Considerations

   There are no security considerations beyond those discussed in
   [KEYNOTE], [RFC2792], and [AUTHZ].

6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]   Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
               Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [TLS1.0]    Dierks, T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol Version 1.0",
               RFC 2246, January 1999.

   [TLS1.1]    Dierks, T. and E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security
               (TLS) Protocol Version 1.1", RFC 4346, April 2006.

   [TLS1.2]    Dierks, T. and E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security
               (TLS) Protocol Version 1.2", RFC 5246, August 2008.

   [HTTP]      Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Frystyk, H.,
               Masinter, L., Leach, P., and T. Berners-Lee, "Hypertext
               Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999.

   [UPGRADE]   Khare, R. and S. Lawrence, "Upgrading to TLS Within
               HTTP/1.1", RFC 2817, May 2000.

   [KEYNOTE]   Blaze, M., Feigenbaum, J., Ioannidis, J., and A.
               Keromytis, "The KeyNote Trust-Management System
               Version 2", RFC 2704, September 1999.

   [AUTHZ]     Brown, M. and R. Housley, "Transport Layer Security (TLS)
               Authorization Extensions", RFC 5878, May 2010.

6.2.  Informative References

   [RFC2792]   Blaze, M., Ioannidis, J., and A. Keromytis, "DSA and RSA
               Key and Signature Encoding for the KeyNote Trust
               Management System", RFC 2792, March 2000.

   [X509KEY]   Keromytis, A., "X.509 Key and Signature Encoding for the
               KeyNote Trust Management System", RFC 5708, January 2010.

   [RFC3986]   Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
               Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66,
               RFC 3986, January 2005.

Appendix A.  Updated TLS Authorization Data Structures

   For clarity, this Appendix shows an updated version of the relevant
   data structures from Section 3.3 in [AUTHZ] with the new entries
   described in this document.  The added elements are denoted with two
   asterisks ("**") at the end of the respective lines.

      struct {
         AuthorizationDataEntry authz_data_list<1..2^16-1>;
      } AuthorizationData;

      struct {
         AuthzDataFormat authz_format;
         select (AuthzDataFormat) {
            case x509_attr_cert:              X509AttrCert;
            case saml_assertion:              SAMLAssertion;
            case x509_attr_cert_url:          URLandHash;
            case saml_assertion_url:          URLandHash;
            case keynote_assertion_list:      KeyNoteAssertionList;   **
            case keynote_assertion_list_url:  URLandHash;             **
      } AuthorizationDataEntry;

      enum {
         x509_attr_cert(0), saml_assertion(1), x509_attr_cert_url(2),
         keynote_assertion_list(64), keynote_assertion_list_url(65),  **
      } AuthzDataFormat;

      opaque X509AttrCert<1..2^16-1>;

      opaque SAMLAssertion<1..2^16-1>;

      opaque KeyNoteAssertionList<1..2^16-1>;                         **

      struct {
         opaque url<1..2^16-1>;
         HashAlgorithm hash_alg;
         select (hash_alg) {
            case md5:    MD5Hash;
            case sha1:   SHA1Hash;
            case sha224: SHA224Hash;
            case sha256: SHA256Hash;
            case sha384: SHA384Hash;
            case sha512: SHA512Hash;
         } hash;
      } URLandHash;

      enum {
         none(0), md5(1), sha1(2), sha224(3), sha256(4), sha384(5),
         sha512(6), (255)
      } HashAlgorithm;

      opaque MD5Hash[16];

      opaque SHA1Hash[20];

      opaque SHA224Hash[28];

      opaque SHA256Hash[32];

      opaque SHA384Hash[48];

      opaque SHA512Hash[64];

Author's Address

   Angelos D. Keromytis
   Department of Computer Science
   Columbia University
   Mail Code 0401
   1214 Amsterdam Avenue
   New York, NY  10027

   EMail: angelos@cs.columbia.edu


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