Network Working Group B. Reussow
Request for Comments: 499 Center for Research in Computing Technology
NIC: 15716 Harvard University
April 1 1973
HARVARD'S NETWORK RJE
RJE was designed to provide network users with the facility of
submitting jobs to remote servers via the ARPA net and retrieving
results using Harvard's PDP-10.
In order to be an expert in the use of the RJE program from a remote
host, the user must be familiar with the FTP commands and usage. At
present RJE is only implemented for UCLA. Accordingly, all examples
will deal with the UCLA installation. Arrangements for a password
and a job ID must be made at UCLA before usage is to begin. If you
are interested, we will see to it that an account is made up for you.
People at other sites should deal directly with UCLA to get an
HOW TO USE RJE AT HARVARD
Start the program by taping R RJE<CR> at monitor level. RJE will
respond with a "!".
Then type "RJE UCL<CR> to make the TELNET connection. The TELNET
connection is used for transfer of commands to UCLA and error
messages from UCLA to the user of RJE. It is important to realize
that, in using RJE, one is talking to two systems; the local system
(HARV-10) and the remote host where the job will actually be run.
Therefore, there are two command processors, one local and one
COMMANDS TO THE LOCAL (HARVARD) PROCESS
All commands to the local process begin with a *.
Reads the specified file, which contains all job cards, JCL, program
and data, formats it for RJS at UCLA and ships it over a data
connection. When using the data connection, ASCII files are
translated into EBCDIC, the UCLA end of the connection. After
transfer is completed the file is immediately spooled for processing.
Gets the next print file from UCLA's 91 and reformats the print file
for a PDP-10 line printer. Write the file to the user's specified
logical device with the specified FILENAME.EXTENSION. FILENAME is up
to 6 characters in length and EXTENSION is up to 3 characters in
Tear down all connections used by RJE and return to monitor level.
COMMANDS TO THE REMOTE PROCESS
(UCLA RJS COMMANDS)
Commands to the remote process have no special character preceding a
command. For a explanation of the command arguments, ask Terry Sack
for the document named, RJS OPERATOR COMMANDS FOR REMOTE TERMINALS.
Terminal Control and Information Command
-------- ------- --- ----------- -------
SIGNON First command of a session identifies VRBT
(virtual remote batch terminal) by giving its
terminal ID. For UCLA, Harvard's terminal ID is
SIGNOFF Last command of a session; RJS waits for any data
transfer in progress to complete and then closes
STATUS Outputs on the local user's terminal a complete
list, or a summary, of all jobs in the system for
this VRBT, with an indication of their
progressing status in the Model 91.
ALERT Outputs on the user's terminal any special
"Alert" message from the CCN computer operator.
The Alert message is also automatically sent when
the user does a SIGNON, or whenever the message
MSG Sends a message to CCN computer operator or to
any other RJS terminal (real or virtual). A
message from the computer operator or another RJS
terminal will automatically appear on the user's
Job Control and Routing Commands
--- ------- --- ------- --------
Under CCN's job management system, the default destination for output
is the input source. Thus, a job submitted under a given VRET will
be returned to that VRBT (i.e., the same terminal ID), unless the
user's JCL overrides the default destination.
RJS places print and punch output destined for a particular remote
terminal into either an Active Queue or a Deferred Queue. When the
user opens his print or punch output channel (via the *PRINT command
of RJE), RJS immediately starts sending job output from the Active
Queue, and continues until this queue is empty. Job output in the
Deferred Queue, on the other hand, must be called for by job name
(via a RESET command from the remote operator) before RJS will send
it. The Active/Deferred choice for output from a job is determined
by the deferral status of the VRBT when the job is entered; the
deferral status, which is set to the Active option when the user
signs on, may be changed by the SET command.
SET Allows the remote user to change certain
properties of his VRBT for the duration of the
(a) May change the default output destination to
be another (real or virtual) RJS terminal or the
(b) May change the deferral status of the VRBT.
DEFER Moves the print and punch output for a specified
job or set of jobs from the Active Queue to the
Deferred Queue. If the job's output is in
process of being transmitted over a channel, RJS
aborts the channel and saves the current output
location before moving the job to the Deferred
Queue. A subsequent RESET command will return it
to the Active Queue with an implied Backspace
RESET Moves specified job(s) from Deferred to Active
Queue so they may be sent to user. A specific
list of job names or all jobs can be moved with
one RESET command.
ROUTE Re-routes output of specified jobs (or all jobs)
waiting in the Active and Deferred Queues for
this VRBT. The new destination may be any other
RJS terminal or the central facility.
ABORT Cancels a job which was successfully submitted
and awaiting execution or is currently executing
in the Model 91. If the cancelled job was in
execution, all output it produced will be
Output Stream Control Commands
------ ------ ------- --------
BSP (BACKSPACE) Backspaces output stream within current SYSOUT
data set. Actual amount backspaced depends upon
SYSOUT blocking but is typically equivalent to a
page on the line printer.
CAN (CANCEL) (a) On an output channel, CAN causes the rest of
the output in the SYSOUT data set currently being
transmitted to be omitted. Alternatively, may
omit the rest of the SYSOUT data sets for the job
currently being transmitted; however, the
remaining system and accounting messages will be
(b) On an input channel, CAN causes RJS to ignore
the job currently being read. However, the
channel is not aborted as a result, and RJS will
continue reading in jobs on the channel.
(c) CAN can delete all SYSOUT data sets for
specified job(s) waiting in Active or Deferred
RST (RESTART) (a) Restarts a specified output stream at the
beginning of the current SYSOUT data set or,
optionally, at the beginning of the job.
(b) Marks as restarted specified job(s) whose
transmission was earlier interrupted by system
failure or user action (e.g., DEFER command or
aborting the channel). When RJS transmits these
jobs again, it will start at the beginning of the
partially transmitted SYSOUT data set or,
optionally, at the beginning of the job. This
function may be applied to jobs in either the
Active or the Deferred Queue; however, if the job
was in the Deferred Queue then RST also moves it
to the Active Queue. If the job was never
transmitted, RST has no effect other than this
REPEAT Sends additional copies of the output of
EAM Echoes the card reader stream back in the printer
or punch stream, or both.
USE OF RJE FROM A REMOTE HOST
To use RJE from a remote Host, make a TELNET connection to Harvard's
10 via your TELNET program. Login under one of Harvard's guest
accounts: type LOGIN <CR>. LOGIN will prompt you with a #. When it
does, type 62,# <CR>. Answer all questions that are asked.
USING FTP TO TRANSFER FILES
"*" Prompt from FTP when no network connections are established.
"!" Prompt when network connections are open.
Type R FTP<CR>, then type 'Host host # or abbreviation' <CR> to set
up a TELNET connection. The local FTP process will then type the
foreign host's greeting message.
If transferring files to or from other than a PDP-10, type the
commands 'TYPE A' and 'BYTE 8', each followed by a carriage return.
!USER 'Your project, programmer number'<CR>
Tell the server who you are. The USR command should be the
first command to FTP.
!RETRIEVE FILENAME.EXTENSION <CR>
Retrieve a file from the foreign host. After the message
"transfer completed" has been typed, use the QUIT command.
Break connections return to monitor level. After you have
transfered your files consult Section II for the usage of RJE.
The RJE program formats printer output for a PDP-10 line printer. If
you plan to use another type of printer, special arrangements will
have to be made.
Also, never leave a file on Harvard's disk area when detached. A
detached job is a job to which no terminal is assigned. You may find
that your file is gone when you come back. We have limited disk
resources and, if a crisis arises, files belonging to detached jobs
are subject to deletion.
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