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RFC 2739 - Calendar Attributes for vCard and LDAP


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Network Working Group                                            T. Small
Request for Comments: 2739                                  XpertSite.Com
Category: Standards Track                                     D. Hennessy
                                                                   ISOCOR
                                                                F. Dawson
                                                                    Lotus
                                                             January 2000

                 Calendar Attributes for vCard and LDAP

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   When scheduling a calendar entity, such as an event, it is a
   prerequisite that an organizer has the calendar address of each
   attendee that will be invited to the event. Additionally, access to
   an attendee's current "busy time" provides an a priori indication of
   whether the attendee will be free to participate in the event.

   In order to meet these challenges, a calendar user agent (CUA) needs
   a mechanism to locate (URI) individual user's calendar and free/busy
   time.

   This memo defines three mechanisms for obtaining a URI to a user's
   calendar and free/busy time. These include:

   - Manual transfer of the information;

   - Personal data exchange using the vCard format; and

   - Directory lookup using the LDAP protocol.

Table of Contents

   1 CALENDARING AND SCHEDULING URIS...................................3
    1.1 FREE/BUSY URI (FBURL) .........................................3
    1.2 CALENDAR ACCESS URI (CAPURI) ..................................4
    1.3 CALENDAR URI (CALURI) .........................................4
    1.4 DEFAULT URIS ..................................................4
   2 DISTRIBUTION......................................................4
    2.1 MANUAL TRANSFER ...............................................5
    2.2 PERSONAL DATA EXCHANGE USING A VCARD ..........................5
    2.3 VCARD SCHEMA EXTENSIONS .......................................5
     2.3.1 FBURL Property IANA Registration ...........................6
     2.3.2 CALADRURI Property IANA Registration .......................7
     2.3.3 CAPURI Property IANA Registration ......................... 8
     2.3.4 CALURI Property IANA Registration ......................... 8
    2.4 DIRECTORY LOOKUP USING THE LDAP V3 PROTOCOL .................. 9
     2.4.1 LDAP Schema Extensions .................................... 9
     2.4.2 Notation ..................................................10
     2.4.3 Object Definitions ........................................10
       2.4.3.1 calEntry ..............................................10
     2.4.4 Attribute Definitions .....................................10
       2.4.4.1 calCalURI .............................................10
       2.4.4.2 calFBURL ..............................................10
       2.4.4.3 calCAPURI .............................................11
       2.4.4.4 calCalAdrURI ..........................................11
       2.4.4.5 calOtherCalURIs .......................................11
       2.4.4.6 calOtherFBURLs ........................................11
       2.4.4.7 calOtherCAPURIs .......................................12
       2.4.4.8 calOtherCalAdrURIs ....................................12
   3 IANA Considerations..............................................12
   4 Security Considerations..........................................12
   5 Acknowledgments..................................................13
   6 Authors' Addresses...............................................13
   7 Bibliography.....................................................15
   8 Full Copyright Statement.........................................16

1  Calendaring and Scheduling URIs

   This memo defines four classes of URIs. URIs are more useful if it is
   understood what the URIs point to. Here is a brief description:

1.1 Free/Busy URI (FBURL)

   The free/busy URI is defined to be a transport independent location
   where a client can obtain information about when a user is busy. At
   the present time, this URI only points to busy time data. Future
   revisions of this specification may provide for the extended
   capability of publishing free time data.

   If a calendaring and scheduling client (i.e., CUA) were to retrieve
   data from this location using FTP or HTTP, it would get back an
   iCalendar object [4] containing one or more "VFREEBUSY" calendar
   components. If a MIME transport is being used, the response will be
   contained within a "text/calendar" MIME body part as specified in the
   iCalendar specification [4]. For example:

      BEGIN:VCALENDAR
      VERSION:2.0
      PRODID:-//hacksw/handcal//NONSGML v1.0//EN
      METHOD:PUBLISH
      BEGIN:VFREEBUSY
      ATTENDEE:MAILTO:jane_doe@host1.com
      DTSTART:19971013T050000Z
      DTEND:19971124T050000Z
      DTSTAMP:19970901T083000Z
      FREEBUSY:19971015T133000Z/19971015T180000Z
      FREEBUSY:19971015T190000Z/19971015T220000Z
      FBURL:http://www.host.com/calendar/busy/jdoe.ifb
      END:VFREEBUSY
      END:VCALENDAR

   The amount of busy time data pointed to by the FBURL will generally
   be pre-determined; for example one month of busy time data. As a
   guideline, it is recommended that the previous six weeks of busy time
   data be published at the location associated with the FBURL. If this
   URI points to a file resource, it is recommended that the file
   extension be "ifb" to distinguish it from an arbitrary iCalendar
   object (e.g., with the "ics" file extension).

1.2 Calendar Access URI (CAPURI)

   The Calendar Access URI is defined to be a protocol independent
   location from which a calendaring and scheduling client (i.e., CUA)
   can communicate with a user's entire calendar.

   The semantics for using this URI as an access protocol locator are
   yet to be defined by the IETF CALSCH Working Group. This will be
   addressed in the "Calendar Access Protocol" specification.

1.3 Calendar URI (CALURI)

   The Calendar URI is defined to be a protocol independent location
   from which a calendaring and scheduling client (i.e. CUA) can
   retrieve an entire copy of a user's calendar. Retrieving data from
   this URI obtains a published "snapshot" of the user's calendar.

   HTTP URI -- If the URI is an HTTP URI, then the content returned with
   a GET should be a "text/calendar" MIME body part containing one or
   more iCalendar object.

   FTP URI -- If the URI is an FTP URI, then the resource pointed to
   should be a file with an "ics" file extension containing one or more
   iCalendar objects.

1.4 Default URIs

   There are many cases where a user may have more than one calendar. In
   these cases, a user may have multiple URIs, each URI pointing to a
   calendar or free/busy data.

   To make the case of multiple calendars simpler for clients, the
   concept of the "default" calendar is introduced. A "default" calendar
   is one that the user has designated as the calendar that other users
   should look at when accessing the user's calendar, or retrieving the
   user's free/busy time.

   The default calendar may, in fact, include rolled-up information from
   all the user's other calendars. The other calendars may only exist
   for organizational purposes.

2  Distribution

   These four URIs provide valuable pointers to calendaring and
   scheduling data that other users need in order to know when to
   schedule meetings, etc. There are several possibilities on how users
   can communicate these URIs to other users. The following section
   outlines how these URIs can be distributed to other users.

2.1 Manual Transfer

   The simplest way to obtain these URIs is for a user to communicate
   the URIs using some out-of-band mechanism such as verbally, or in an
   e-mail message, or by printing these URIs on a paper business card.

   When using this mechanism, the user obtains these URIs using an out-
   of-band mechanism and then enters these URIs into their calendaring
   software manually.

2.2 Personal Data Exchange Using A vCard

   A more sophisticated way to obtain these URIs is for users to publish
   vCards containing these URIs. The vCard object can be transferred
   between one another. Since many e-mail clients allow a user to
   automatically include a vCard with every message that the user sends,
   this provides a simple, transparent way for a user to distribute
   their calendaring and scheduling URIs.

   On the receiving end, an e-mail client that provides an integrated
   vCard database can provide a way to lookup calendaring URIs for users
   whose vCards are stored locally.

2.3 vCard Schema Extensions

   Since the vCard [3] specification doesn't specify how to encode
   calendaring URIs in a vCard, this section is provided as an extension
   to vCard which specifies how to encode calendaring URIs within a
   vCard.

   Inside a vCard object, four new properties are defined: "CALURI",
   "CAPURI", "CALADRURI", and "FBURL", as defined above.

   Any vCard can have one or more of these properties, each representing
   a calendar or free/busy time that is associated with the user.

   One of these properties can be designated as the "default" by adding
   the "PREF" parameter.

   Here is a simple example of a vCard containing a "FBURL" and a
   "CALURI".

      BEGIN:VCARD
      VERSION:3.0
      N:Dun;Alec
      FN:Alec Dun
      ORG:Microsoft Corporation
      ADR;WORK;POSTAL;PARCEL:;;One Microsoft Way;
       Redmond;WA;98052-6399;USA
      TEL;WORK;MSG:+1-206-936-4544
      TEL;WORK;FAX:+1-206-936-7329
      EMAIL;INTERNET:user@host1.com
      CALADRURI;PREF:mailto:user@host1.com
      CALURI;PREF:http://cal.host1.com/user/cal.ics
      FBURL;PREF:http://cal.host1.com/user/fb.ifb
      CALURI:http://cal.company.com/projectA/pjtA.ics
      FBURL:http://cal.company.com/projectA/pjtAfb.ifb
      END:VCARD

2.3.1 FBURL Property IANA Registration

   To: ietf-mime-directory@imc.org

   Subject: Registration of FBURL type for text/directory MIME type
   vCard profile.

   Type name: FBURL

   Type purpose: To specify the URI for a user's busy time in a vCard
   object.

   Type encoding: 8bit

   Type value: A single URI value.

   Type special notes: Where multiple FBURL properties are specified,
   the default FBURL property is indicated with the PREF parameter. The
   FTP or HTTP type of URI points to an iCalendar object associated with
   a snapshot of the last six weeks of the user's busy time data. If the
   iCalendar object is represented as a file or document, it's file type
   should be "ifb".

   Intended usage: Refer to section 1.1.

   Type examples:

      FBURL;PREF:http://www.host1.com/busy/janedoe
      FBURL:FTP://ftp.host.com/busy/project-a.ifb

2.3.2  CALADRURI Property IANA Registration

   To: ietf-mime-directory@imc.org

   Subject: Registration of CALADRURI type for application/directory
   MIME type vCard profile.

   Type name: CALADRURI

   Type purpose: To specify the location to which an event request
   should be sent for the user.

   Type encoding: 8bit

   Type value: A single URI value.

   Type special notes: Where multiple CALADRURI properties are
   specified, the default CALADRURI property is indicated with the PREF
   parameter.

   Intended usage: Refer to section 1.2.

   Type examples:

      CALADRURI;PREF:mailto:janedoe@host.com

2.3.3  CAPURI Property IANA Registration

   To: ietf-mime-directory@imc.org

   Subject: Registration of CAPURI type for application/directory MIME
   type vCard profile.

   Type name: CAPURI

   Type purpose: To specify a protocol independent location from which a
   calendaring and scheduling client (i.e., CUA) can communicate with a
   user's entire calendar.

   Type encoding: 8bit

   Type value: A single URI value.

   Type special notes: Where multiple CAPURI properties are specified,
   the default CAPURI property is indicated with the PREF parameter.

   Intended usage: Refer to section 1.3.

2.3.4 CALURI Property IANA Registration

   To: ietf-mime-directory@imc.org

   Subject: Registration of CALURI type for text/directory MIME type
   vCard profile.

   Type name: CALURI

   Type purpose: To specify the URI for a user's calendar in a vCard
   object.

   Type encoding: 8bit

   Type value type: A single URI value.

   Type special notes: Where multiple CALURI properties are specified,
   the default CALURI property is indicated with the PREF parameter. The
   property should contain a URI pointing to an iCalendar object
   associated with a snapshot of the user's calendar store. If the
   iCalendar object is represented as a file or document, it's file type
   should be "ics".

   Intended usage: Refer to section 1.4.

   Type examples:

      CALURI;PREF:http://cal.host1.com/calA
      CALURI:ftp://ftp.host1.com/calA.ics

2.4 Directory Lookup Using The LDAP v3 Protocol

   Another way to obtain these URIs is to look them up in a directory
   using the LDAP protocol [1].

   If a user's URIs can be found using directory lookup (i.e., searching
   for one of the LDAP schema extensions defined below), they should, in
   general, be considered "more up-to-date" than URIs in any vCards that
   are stored locally.

2.4.1 LDAP Schema Extensions

   In order to encode the calendaring URIs in the directory, the
   following are defined:

   - One object class:

      - calEntry

   - Eight attributes:

      - calCalURI

      - calFBURL

      - calCAPURI

      - calCalAdrURI

      - calOtherCalURIs

      - calOtherFBURLs

      - calOtherCAPURIs

      - calOtherCalAdrURIs

   The calCalURI contains the URI to a snapshot of the user's entire
   default calendar. The calFBURL contains the URI to the user's default
   busy time data. The calCAPURI represents contains a URI that can be
   used to communicate with the user's calendar. The calCalAdrURI
   contains a URI that points to the location to which event requests
   should be sent for that user.

   The calOtherCalURIs is a multi-valued property containing URIs to
   snapshots of other calendars that the user may have. The
   calOtherFBURLs is a multi-valued property containing URIs to other
   free/busy data that the user may have. The calOtherCAPURIs attribute
   is a multi-valued property containing URIs to other calendars that
   the user may have. The calOtherCalAdrURIs attribute is a multi-valued
   property containing URIs to other locations that a user may want
   event requests sent to.

   There is no predetermined order to the values in either multi-valued
   property.

2.4.2  Notation

   The notation used in this memo is the same as that used in [2].

2.4.3  Object Definitions

2.4.3.1  calEntry

   The Calendar Entry is a class derived from "TOP" [2], which contains
   the four calendaring attributes.

      (1.2.840.113556.1.5.87
        NAME 'calEntry'
        TOP
        AUXILIARY
        MAY (calCalURI calFBURL calOtherCalURIs calOtherFBURLs calCAPURI
        calOtherCAPURLs)
      )

2.4.4  Attribute Definitions

2.4.4.1 calCalURI

      (1.2.840.113556.1.4.478
        NAME 'calCalURI'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
        SYNTAX 'IA5String'
        USAGE userApplications
      )

2.4.4.2  calFBURL

      (1.2.840.113556.1.4.479
        NAME 'calFBURL'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch

        SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
        SYNTAX 'IA5String'
        USAGE userApplications
      )

2.4.4.3  calCAPURI

      (1.2.840.113556.1.4.480
        NAME 'calCAPURI'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
        SYNTAX 'IA5String'
        USAGE userApplications
      )

2.4.4.4  calCalAdrURI

      (1.2.840.113556.1.4.481
        NAME 'calCalAdrURI'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
        SYNTAX 'IA5String'
        USAGE userApplications
      )

2.4.4.5  calOtherCalURIs

        (1.2.840.113556.1.4.482
        NAME 'calOtherCalURIs'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
        SYNTAX 'IA5String'
        MULTI-VALUE
        USAGE userApplications
      )

2.4.4.6  calOtherFBURLs

      (1.2.840.113556.1.4.483
        NAME 'calOtherFBURLs'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
        SYNTAX 'IA5String'
        MULTI-VALUE
        USAGE userApplications
      )

2.4.4.7  calOtherCAPURIs

      (1.2.840.113556.1.4.484
        NAME 'calOtherCAPURIs'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
        SYNTAX 'IA5String'
        MULTI-VALUE
        USAGE userApplications
      )

2.4.4.8  calOtherCalAdrURIs

      (1.2.840.113556.1.4.485
        NAME 'calOtherCalAdrURIs'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
        SYNTAX 'IA5String'
        MULTI-VALUE
        USAGE userApplications
      )

3  IANA Considerations

   This memo defines IANA registered extensions to the attributes
   defined by LDAP [1] and vCard [3].

   IANA registration proposals for vCard are to be emailed to the
   registration agent for the "text/directory" MIME content-type,
   <MAILTO:  ietf-mime-directory@imc.org> using the format defined in
   [3].

4  Security Considerations

   Standard vCard and LDAP security rules and support apply for the
   extensions described in this document, and there are no special
   security issues for these extensions.

   Please note, though, that LDAP servers may permit anonymous clients
   to refresh entries which they did not create. Servers are also
   permitted to control a refresh access to an entry by requiring
   clients to bind before issuing a RefreshRequest. This will have
   implications on the server performance and scalability.

   Please also note, though, that vCard objects may have been created by
   an entity other than that represented by the vCard. Recipients should
   be certain of the source that generated the vCard.

   Also, care should be taken in making use of information obtained from
   directory servers that has been supplied by client, as it may now be
   out of date. In many networks, for example, IP addresses are
   automatically assigned when a host connects to the network, and may
   be reassigned if that host later disconnects. An IP address obtained
   from the directory may no longer be assigned to the host that placed
   the address in the directory. This issue is not specific to LDAP or
   dynamic directories.

5  Acknowledgments

   The authors wish to acknowledge the work of Alec Dun, who acted as an
   author for the early drafts of this memo. In addition, this document
   received input from the various participants in the IETF CALSCH
   Working Group discussions.

6  Authors' Addresses

   The following address information is provided in a vCard v3.0 [3],
   Electronic Business Card, format.

   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Small;Tony
   FN:Tony Small
   ORG:XpertSite.Com
   ADR;TYPE=WORK,POSTAL,PARCEL:;;4700 42nd Ave. SW, Suite 440;
    Seattle;WA;98116;USA
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,MSG:+1-206-937-9972
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,FAX:+1-206-936-7329
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET:tony@xpertsite.com
   CALADRURI:MAILTO:tony@xpertsite.com
   END:VCARD

   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Hennessy;Denis
   FN:Denis Hennessy
   ORG:ISOCOR
   ADR;TYPE=WORK,POSTAL,PARCEL:;;42-47 Lower Mount St;
    Dublin 2;Ireland
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,MSG:+353-1-676-0366
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,FAX:+353-1-676-0856
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET:denis.hennessy@isocor.com
   CALADRURI:MAILTO:denis.hennessy@isocor.com
   END:VCARD

   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Dawson;Frank
   FN:Frank Dawson
   ORG:Lotus Development Corporation
   ADR;TYPE=WORK,POSTAL,PARCEL:;;6544 Battleford Drive;
    Raleigh;NC;27613-3502;USA
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,PREF:+1-617-693-8728
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,MSG:+1-919-676-9515
   TEL;TYPE=FAX:+1-617-693-8728
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET,PREF:Frank_Dawson@Lotus.com
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET:fdawson@earthlink.net
   CALADRURI;TYPE=PREF:MAILTO:Frank_Dawson@Lotus.com
   CALADRURI:MAILTO:fdawson@earthlink.net
   URL:http://home.earthlink.net/~fdawson
   END:VCARD

   This memo is a result of the work of the Internet Engineering Task
   Force Calendaring and scheduling Working Group. The chairman of that
   working group is:

   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Egen;Pat
   FN:Pat Egen
   ORG:Engan Consulting
   ADR;TYPE=WORK:;;803 Creek Overlook;Chattanooga;TN;37415;USA
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,VOICE:423.875.2652
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,FAX:423.875.2017
   EMAIL:pregen@egenconsulting.com
   URL:http://www.egenconsulting.com
   CALADRURI:MAILTO:pregen@egenconsulting.com
   END:VCARD

7  Bibliography

   [1] Wahl, M., Howes, T. and S. Kille, "Lightweight Directory Access
       Protocol (v3)", RFC 2251, December 1997.

   [2] Wahl, M., Coulbeck, A., Howes, T. and  S. Kille, "Lightweight
       Directory Access Protocol (v3): Attribute Syntax Definitions",
       RFC 2252, December 1997.

   [3] Dawson, F. and  T. Howes, "vCard MIME Directory Profile", RFC
       2426, September 1998.

   [4] Dawson, F. and D. Stenerson, "Internet Calendaring and Scheduling
       Core Object Specification (iCalendar)", RFC 2445, November 1997.

   [5] Dawson, F. and S. Mansour, "iCalendar Message-Based
       Interopability Protocal (iMIP)", RFC 2447, November 1997.

8  Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
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   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
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   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
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Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.

 

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