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RFC 1885 - Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6) for the In


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Network Working Group             A. Conta, Digital Equipment Corporation
Request for Comments: 1885                         S. Deering, Xerox PARC
Category: Standards Track                                   December 1995

               Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6)
               for the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6)
                             Specification

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

   This document specifies a set of Internet Control Message Protocol
   (ICMP) messages for use with version 6 of the Internet Protocol
   (IPv6).  The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) messages
   specified in STD 5, RFC 1112 have been merged into ICMP, for IPv6,
   and are included in this document.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction........................................3

   2. ICMPv6 (ICMP for IPv6)..............................3

         2.1 Message General Format.......................3

         2.2 Message Source Address Determination.........4

         2.3 Message Checksum Calculation.................5

         2.4 Message Processing Rules.....................5

   3. ICMPv6 Error Messages...............................8

         3.1 Destination Unreachable Message..............8

         3.2 Packet Too Big Message......................10

         3.3 Time Exceeded Message.......................11

         3.4 Parameter Problem Message...................12

   4. ICMPv6 Informational Messages......................14

         4.1 Echo Request Message........................14

         4.2 Echo Reply Message..........................15

         4.3 Group Membership Messages...................17

   5. References.........................................19

   6. Acknowledgements...................................19

   7. Security Considerations............................19

   Authors' Addresses....................................20

1. Introduction

   The Internet Protocol, version 6 (IPv6) is a new version of IP.  IPv6
   uses the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) as defined for IPv4
   [RFC-792], with a number of changes.  The Internet Group Membership
   Protocol (IGMP) specified for IPv4 [RFC-1112] has also been revised
   and has been absorbed into ICMP for IPv6. The resulting protocol is
   called ICMPv6, and has an IPv6 Next Header value of 58.

   This document describes the format of a set of control messages used
   in ICMPv6.  It does not describe the procedures for using these
   messages to achieve functions like Path MTU discovery or multicast
   group membership maintenance; such procedures are described in other
   documents (e.g., [RFC-1112, RFC-1191]).  Other documents may also
   introduce additional ICMPv6 message types, such as Neighbor Discovery
   messages [IPv6-DISC], subject to the general rules for ICMPv6
   messages given in section 2 of this document.

   Terminology defined in the IPv6 specification [IPv6] and the IPv6
   Routing and Addressing specification [IPv6-ADDR] applies to this
   document as well.

2. ICMPv6 (ICMP for IPv6)

   ICMPv6 is used by IPv6 nodes to report errors encountered in
   processing packets, and to perform other internet-layer functions,
   such as diagnostics (ICMPv6 "ping") and multicast membership
   reporting.  ICMPv6 is an integral part of IPv6 and MUST be fully
   implemented by every IPv6 node.

2.1 Message General Format

   ICMPv6 messages are grouped into two classes: error messages and
   informational messages.  Error messages are identified as such by
   having a zero in the high-order bit of their message Type field
   values.  Thus, error messages have message Types from 0 to 127;
   informational messages have message Types from 128 to 255.

   This document defines the message formats for the following ICMPv6
   messages:

        ICMPv6 error messages:

             1    Destination Unreachable      (see section 3.1)
             2    Packet Too Big               (see section 3.2)
             3    Time Exceeded                (see section 3.3)
             4    Parameter Problem            (see section 3.4)

        ICMPv6 informational messages:

             128  Echo Request                 (see section 4.1)
             129  Echo Reply                   (see section 4.2)
             130  Group Membership Query       (see section 4.3)
             131  Group Membership Report      (see section 4.3)
             132  Group Membership Reduction   (see section 4.3)

   Every ICMPv6 message is preceded by an IPv6 header and zero or more
   IPv6 extension headers. The ICMPv6 header is identified by a Next
   Header value of 58 in the immediately preceding header.  (NOTE: this
   is different than the value used to identify ICMP for IPv4.)

   The ICMPv6 messages have the following general format:

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Type      |     Code      |          Checksum             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                                               |
      +                         Message Body                          +
      |                                                               |

   The type field indicates the type of the message. Its value
   determines the format of the remaining data.

   The code field depends on the message type. It is used to create an
   additional level of message granularity.

   The checksum field is used to detect data corruption in the ICMPv6
   message and parts of the IPv6 header.

2.2 Message Source Address Determination

   A node that sends an ICMPv6 message has to determine both the Source
   and Destination IPv6 Addresses in the IPv6 header before calculating
   the checksum.  If the node has more than one unicast address, it must
   choose the Source Address of the message as follows:

    (a) If the message is a response to a message sent to one of the
        node's unicast addresses, the Source Address of the reply must
        be that same address.

    (b) If the message is a response to a message sent to a multicast or
        anycast group in which the node is a member, the Source Address
        of the reply must be a unicast address belonging to the
        interface on which the multicast or anycast packet was received.

    (c) If the message is a response to a message sent to an address
        that does not belong to the node, the Source Address should be
        that unicast address belonging to the node that will be most
        helpful in diagnosing the error. For example, if the message is
        a response to a packet forwarding action that cannot complete
        successfully, the Source Address should be a unicast address
        belonging to the interface on which the packet forwarding
        failed.

    (d) Otherwise, the node's routing table must be examined to
        determine which interface will be used to transmit the message
        to its destination, and a unicast address belonging to that
        interface must be used as the Source Address of the message.

2.3 Message Checksum Calculation

   The checksum is the 16-bit one's complement of the one's complement
   sum of the entire ICMPv6 message starting with the ICMPv6 message
   type field, prepended with a "pseudo-header" of IPv6 header fields,
   as specified in [IPv6, section 8.1].  The Next Header value used in
   the pseudo-header is 58.  (NOTE: the inclusion of a pseudo-header in
   the ICMPv6 checksum is a change from IPv4; see [IPv6] for the
   rationale for this change.)

   For computing the checksum, the checksum field is set to zero.

2.4 Message Processing Rules

   Implementations MUST observe the following rules when processing
   ICMPv6 messages (from [RFC-1122]):

    (a) If an ICMPv6 error message of unknown type is received, it MUST
        be passed to the upper layer.

    (b) If an ICMPv6 informational message of unknown type is received,
        it MUST be silently discarded.

    (c) Every ICMPv6 error message (type < 128) includes as much of the
        IPv6 offending (invoking) packet (the packet that caused the
        error) as will fit without making the error message packet
        exceed 576 octets.

    (d) In those cases where the internet-layer protocol is required to
        pass an ICMPv6 error message to the upper-layer protocol, the
        upper-layer protocol type is extracted from the original packet
        (contained in the body of the ICMPv6 error message) and used to
        select the appropriate upper-layer protocol entity to handle the
        error.

        If the original packet had an unusually large amount of
        extension headers, it is possible that the upper-layer protocol
        type may not be present in the ICMPv6 message, due to truncation
        of the original packet to meet the 576-octet limit.  In that
        case, the error message is silently dropped after any IPv6-layer
        processing.

    (e) An ICMPv6 error message MUST NOT be sent as a result of
        receiving:

         (e.1) an ICMPv6 error message, or

         (e.2) a packet destined to an IPv6 multicast address (there are
               two exceptions to this rule: (1) the Packet Too Big
               Message - Section 3.2 - to allow Path MTU discovery to
               work for IPv6 multicast, and (2) the Parameter Problem
               Message, Code 2 - Section 3.4 - reporting an unrecognized
               IPv6 option that has the Option Type highest-order two
               bits set to 10), or

         (e.3) a packet sent as a link-layer multicast, (the exception
               from e.2 applies to this case too), or

         (e.4) a packet sent as a link-layer broadcast, (the exception
               from e.2 applies to this case too), or

         (e.5) a packet whose source address does not uniquely identify
               a single node -- e.g., the IPv6 Unspecified Address, an
               IPv6 multicast address, or an address known by the ICMP
               message sender to be an IPv6 anycast address.

    (f) Finally, to each sender of an erroneous data packet, an IPv6
        node MUST limit the rate of ICMPv6 error messages sent, in order
        to limit the bandwidth and forwarding costs incurred by the
        error messages when a generator of erroneous packets does not
        respond to those error messages by ceasing its transmissions.

        There are a variety of ways of implementing the rate-limiting
        function, for example:

         (f.1) Timer-based - for example, limiting the rate of
               transmission of error messages to a given source, or to
               any source, to at most once every T milliseconds.

         (f.2)  Bandwidth-based - for example, limiting the rate at
               which error messages are sent from a particular interface
               to some fraction F of the attached link's bandwidth.

        The limit parameters (e.g., T or F in the above examples) MUST
        be configurable for the node, with a conservative default value
        (e.g., T = 1 second, NOT 0 seconds, or F = 2 percent, NOT 100
        percent).

   The following sections describe the message formats for the above
   ICMPv6 messages.

3. ICMPv6 Error Messages

3.1 Destination Unreachable Message

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Type      |     Code      |          Checksum             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                             Unused                            |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                    As much of invoking packet                 |
      +                as will fit without the ICMPv6 packet          +
      |                       exceeding 576 octets                    |

   IPv6 Fields:

   Destination Address

                  Copied from the Source Address field of the invoking
                  packet.

   ICMPv6 Fields:

   Type           1

   Code           0 - no route to destination
                  1 - communication with destination
                        administratively prohibited
                  2 - not a neighbor
                  3 - address unreachable
                  4 - port unreachable

   Unused         This field is unused for all code values.
                  It must be initialized to zero by the sender
                  and ignored by the receiver.
   Description

   A Destination Unreachable message SHOULD be generated by a router, or
   by the IPv6 layer in the originating node, in response to a packet
   that cannot be delivered to its destination address for reasons other
   than congestion.  (An ICMPv6 message MUST NOT be generated if a
   packet is dropped due to congestion.)

   If the reason for the failure to deliver is lack of a matching entry
   in the forwarding node's routing table, the Code field is set to 0
   (NOTE: this error can occur only in nodes that do not hold a "default
   route" in their routing tables).

   If the reason for the failure to deliver is administrative
   prohibition, e.g., a "firewall filter", the Code field is set to 1.

   If the reason for the failure to deliver is that the next destination
   address in the Routing header is not a neighbor of the processing
   node but the "strict" bit is set for that address, then the Code
   field is set to 2.

   If there is any other reason for the failure to deliver, e.g.,
   inability to resolve the IPv6 destination address into a
   corresponding link address, or a link-specific problem of some sort,
   then the Code field is set to 3.

   A destination node SHOULD send a Destination Unreachable message with
   Code 4 in response to a packet for which the transport protocol
   (e.g., UDP) has no listener, if that transport protocol has no
   alternative means to inform the sender.

   Upper layer notification

   A node receiving the ICMPv6 Destination Unreachable message MUST
   notify the upper-layer protocol.

3.2 Packet Too Big Message

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Type      |     Code      |          Checksum             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                             MTU                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                    As much of invoking packet                 |
      +               as will fit without the ICMPv6 packet           +
      |                       exceeding 576 octets                    |

   IPv6 Fields:

   Destination Address

                  Copied from the Source Address field of the invoking
                  packet.

   ICMPv6 Fields:

   Type           2

   Code           0

   MTU            The Maximum Transmission Unit of the next-hop link.

   Description

   A Packet Too Big MUST be sent by a router in response to a packet
   that it cannot forward because the packet is larger than the MTU of
   the outgoing link.  The information in this message is used as part
   of the Path MTU Discovery process [RFC-1191].

   Sending a Packet Too Big Message makes an exception to one of the
   rules of when to send an ICMPv6 error message, in that unlike other
   messages, it is sent in response to a packet received with an IPv6
   multicast destination address, or a link-layer multicast or link-
   layer broadcast address.

   Upper layer notification

   An incoming Packet Too Big message MUST be passed to the upper-layer
   protocol.

3.3 Time Exceeded Message

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Type      |     Code      |          Checksum             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                             Unused                            |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                    As much of invoking packet                 |
      +               as will fit without the ICMPv6 packet           +
      |                       exceeding 576 octets                    |

   IPv6 Fields:

   Destination Address
                  Copied from the Source Address field of the invoking
                  packet.

   ICMPv6 Fields:

   Type           3

   Code           0 - hop limit exceeded in transit

                  1 - fragment reassembly time exceeded

   Unused         This field is unused for all code values.
                  It must be initialized to zero by the sender
                  and ignored by the receiver.

   Description

   If a router receives a packet with a Hop Limit of zero, or a router
   decrements a packet's Hop Limit to zero, it MUST discard the packet
   and send an ICMPv6 Time Exceeded message with Code 0 to the source of
   the packet.  This indicates either a routing loop or too small an
   initial Hop Limit value.

   The router sending an ICMPv6 Time Exceeded message with Code 0 SHOULD
   consider the receiving interface of the packet as the interface on
   which the packet forwarding failed in following rule (d) for
   selecting the Source Address of the message.

   Upper layer notification

   An incoming Time Exceeded message MUST be passed to the upper-layer
   protocol.

3.4 Parameter Problem Message

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Type      |     Code      |          Checksum             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                            Pointer                            |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                    As much of invoking packet                 |
      +               as will fit without the ICMPv6 packet           +
      |                       exceeding 576 octets                    |

   IPv6 Fields:

   Destination Address

                  Copied from the Source Address field of the invoking
                  packet.

   ICMPv6 Fields:

   Type           4

   Code           0 - erroneous header field encountered

                  1 - unrecognized Next Header type encountered

                  2 - unrecognized IPv6 option encountered

   Pointer        Identifies the octet offset within the
                  invoking packet where the error was detected.

                  The pointer will point beyond the end of the ICMPv6
                  packet if the field in error is beyond what can fit
                  in the 576-byte limit of an ICMPv6 error message.

   Description

   If an IPv6 node processing a packet finds a problem with a field in
   the IPv6 header or extension headers such that it cannot complete
   processing the packet, it MUST discard the packet and SHOULD send an
   ICMPv6 Parameter Problem message to the packet's source, indicating
   the type and location of the problem.

   The pointer identifies the octet of the original packet's header
   where the error was detected. For example, an ICMPv6 message with
   Type field = 4, Code field = 1, and Pointer field = 40 would indicate

   that the IPv6 extension header following the IPv6 header of the
   original packet holds an unrecognized Next Header field value.

   Upper layer notification

   A node receiving this ICMPv6 message MUST notify the upper-layer
   protocol.

4. ICMPv6 Informational Messages

4.1 Echo Request Message

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Type      |     Code      |          Checksum             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |           Identifier          |        Sequence Number        |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Data ...
      +-+-+-+-+-

   IPv6 Fields:

   Destination Address

                  Any legal IPv6 address.

   ICMPv6 Fields:

   Type           128

   Code           0

   Identifier     An identifier to aid in matching Echo Replies
                  to this Echo Request.  May be zero.

   Sequence Number

                  A sequence number to aid in matching Echo Replies
                  to this Echo Request.  May be zero.

   Data           Zero or more octets of arbitrary data.

   Description

   Every node MUST implement an ICMPv6 Echo responder function that
   receives Echo Requests and sends corresponding Echo Replies.  A node
   SHOULD also implement an application-layer interface for sending Echo
   Requests and receiving Echo Replies, for diagnostic purposes.

   Upper layer notification

   A node receiving this ICMPv6 message MAY notify the upper-layer
   protocol.

4.2 Echo Reply Message

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Type      |     Code      |          Checksum             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |           Identifier          |        Sequence Number        |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Data ...
      +-+-+-+-+-

   IPv6 Fields:

   Destination Address

                  Copied from the Source Address field of the invoking
                  Echo Request packet.

   ICMPv6 Fields:

   Type           129

   Code           0

   Identifier     The identifier from the invoking Echo Request message.

   Sequence       The sequence number from the invoking Echo Request
   Number         message.

   Data           The data from the invoking Echo Request message.

   Description

   Every node MUST implement an ICMPv6 Echo responder function that
   receives Echo Requests and sends corresponding Echo Replies.  A node
   SHOULD also implement an application-layer interface for sending Echo
   Requests and receiving Echo Replies, for diagnostic purposes.

   The source address of an Echo Reply sent in response to a unicast
   Echo Request message MUST be the same as the destination address of
   that Echo Request message.

   An Echo Reply SHOULD be sent in response to an Echo Request message
   sent to an IPv6 multicast address.  The source address of the reply
   MUST be a unicast address belonging to the interface on which the
   multicast Echo Request message was received.

   The data received in the ICMPv6 Echo Request message MUST be returned
   entirely and unmodified in the ICMPv6 Echo Reply message, unless the
   Echo Reply would exceed the MTU of the path back to the Echo
   requester, in which case the data is truncated to fit that path MTU.

   Upper layer notification

   Echo Reply messages MUST be passed to the ICMPv6 user interface,
   unless the corresponding Echo Request originated in the IP layer.

4.3 Group Membership Messages

   The ICMPv6 Group Membership Messages have the following format:

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Type      |     Code      |          Checksum             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |     Maximum Response Delay    |          Unused               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                                               |
      +                                                               +
      |                          Multicast                            |
      +                                                               +
      |                           Address                             |
      +                                                               +
      |                                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   IPv6 Fields:

   Destination Address

                  In a Group Membership Query message, the multicast
                  address of the group being queried, or the Link-Local
                  All-Nodes multicast address.

                  In a Group Membership Report or a Group Membership
                  Reduction message, the multicast address of the
                  group being reported or terminated.

   Hop Limit      1

   ICMPv6 Fields:

   Type           130 - Group Membership Query
                  131 - Group Membership Report
                  132 - Group Membership Reduction

   Code           0

   Maximum Response Delay

                  In Query messages, the maximum time that responding
                  Report messages may be delayed, in milliseconds.

                  In Report and Reduction messages, this field is
                  is initialized to zero by the sender and ignored by
                  receivers.

   Unused         Initialized to zero by the sender; ignored by receivers.

   Multicast Address

                  The address of the multicast group about which the
                  message is being sent.  In Query messages, the Multicast
                  Address field may be zero, implying a query for all
                  groups.

   Description

   The ICMPv6 Group Membership messages are used to convey information
   about multicast group membership from nodes to their neighboring
   routers.  The details of their usage is given in [RFC-1112].

5. References

   [IPv6]       Deering, S., and R. Hinden, "Internet Protocol, Version
                6, Specification", RFC 1883, Xerox PARC, Ipsilon
                Networks, December 1995.

   [IPv6-ADDR]  Hinden, R., and S. Deering, Editors, "IP Version 6
                Addressing Architecture", RFC 1884, Ipsilon Networks,
                Xerox PARC, December 1995.

   [IPv6-DISC]  Narten, T., Nordmark, E., and W. Simpson, "Neighbor
                Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6)", Work in Progress.

   [RFC-792]    Postel, J., "Internet Control Message Protocol", STD 5,
                RFC 792, USC/Information Sciences Institute, September
                1981.

   [RFC-1112]   Deering, S., "Host Extensions for IP Multicasting", STD
                5, RFC 1112, Stanford University, August 1989.

   [RFC-1122]   Braden, R., "Requirements for Internet Hosts -
                Communication Layers", STD 3, RFC 1122, USC/Information
                Sciences Institute, October 1989.

   [RFC-1191]   Mogul, J., and S. Deering, "Path MTU Discovery", RFC
                1191, DECWRL, Stanford University, November 1990.

6. Acknowledgements

   The document is derived from previous ICMP drafts of the SIPP and
   IPng working group.

   The IPng working group and particularly Robert Elz, Jim Bound, Bill
   Simpson, Thomas Narten, Charlie Lynn, Bill Fink, and Scott Bradner
   (in chronological order) provided extensive review information and
   feedback.

7. Security Considerations

   Security issues are not discussed in this memo.

Authors' Addresses:

   Alex Conta                            Stephen Deering
   Digital Equipment Corporation         Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
   110 Spitbrook Rd                      3333 Coyote Hill Road
   Nashua, NH 03062                      Palo Alto, CA 94304

   Phone: +1-603-881-0744                Phone: +1-415-812-4839
   EMail: conta@zk3.dec.com              EMail: deering@parc.xerox.com

 

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