[ Home  |  FAQ-Related Q&As  |  General Q&As  |  Answered Questions ]

    Search the Q&A Archives

...generate footnotes without numbering/mark ? I just...

<< Back to: TeX, LaTeX, etc.: Frequently Asked Questions with Answers [Monthly]

Question by Jean Dezert
Submitted on 3/31/2004
Related FAQ: TeX, LaTeX, etc.: Frequently Asked Questions with Answers [Monthly]
Rating: Rate this question: Vote
How to generate footnotes without numbering/mark ?

I just need to add footnotes in some chapters of a book, but I don't want marks/numbers related to my footnotes. Is it possible  and how ?

Any tip for doing this ?

Thank you in advance for your help.

Best regards,

Dr. Jean Dezert

Answer by knut
Submitted on 10/24/2005
Rating: Not yet rated Rate this answer: Vote
\let\thefootnote\relax\footnotetext{Footnotetext without footnote mark}

\footnote{Footnote with footnote mark}


Answer by Trevor
Submitted on 1/10/2007
Rating: Not yet rated Rate this answer: Vote


Answer by Marvin The Martian
Submitted on 4/6/2007
Rating: Not yet rated Rate this answer: Vote
It's LaTeX, therefore it's possible --- this answers the first part of the question.

The second part's answer is obvious: suppress the printing of the number! For example, by typing \renewcommand{\thefootnote}{}.  

If there are other (numbered) footnotes, some extra care must be taken because your footnote did (invisibly) increase the footnote number. Don't do that manually with \addtocounter{footnote}{-1}, because you create errors if you move, add or delete unnumbered footnotes.
If you don't want the counter to be increased at every (invisible) footnote marker:
(1) surround the \renewcommand and the footnote in question with curly brackets, so the \renewcommand acts only local,
(2) don't use \footnote{..} but \footnotetext{..} --- as you don't put a \footnotemark anywhere, the footnote counter does not get increased.

Also note that using \footnote{..} instead of \footnotetext{..} invisibly reserves space for the object the (invisible) marker refers to, and can hence influence your page layout:
e.g., if you have an unnumbered \footnote{..}
between a \section{..} and an environment like abstract, or center, then an empty line gets inserted.  
This is similar to the visible difference between  $-a$ and ${}-a$, where in principle {} shouldn't take up space (but it does change minus here from monadic to dyadic).

FYI, the way our \renewcommand works is the following. Consider any LaTeX environment which has a counter, so you can use \label and \ref with it [e.g., chapter, equation, footnote, figure]: if  the environment is called BEEP, then the counter's name is BEEP, and the command \theBEEP gives the recipe for printing the counter's value in some fashion (with roman literals, footnote symbols, arabic numbers, ... ).  In the case of footnotes, the original result is recovered by
or by \renewcommand{\thefootnote}{\arabic{footnote}}.
If you have an appendix environment for your chapters, similar to a section, you can choose to number them as 1.A 1.B ... by typing \renewcommand{\theappendix}{\arabic{chapter}.\Alph{appendix}}

All the best,


Your answer will be published for anyone to see and rate.  Your answer will not be displayed immediately.  If you'd like to get expert points and benefit from positive ratings, please create a new account or login into an existing account below.

Your name or nickname:
If you'd like to create a new account or access your existing account, put in your password here:
Your answer:

FAQS.ORG reserves the right to edit your answer as to improve its clarity.  By submitting your answer you authorize FAQS.ORG to publish your answer on the WWW without any restrictions. You agree to hold harmless and indemnify FAQS.ORG against any claims, costs, or damages resulting from publishing your answer.


FAQS.ORG makes no guarantees as to the accuracy of the posts. Each post is the personal opinion of the poster. These posts are not intended to substitute for medical, tax, legal, investment, accounting, or other professional advice. FAQS.ORG does not endorse any opinion or any product or service mentioned mentioned in these posts.


<< Back to: TeX, LaTeX, etc.: Frequently Asked Questions with Answers [Monthly]

[ Home  |  FAQ-Related Q&As  |  General Q&As  |  Answered Questions ]

© 2008 FAQS.ORG. All rights reserved.