318. Planets


See also 24. ASTROLOGY ; 25. ASTRONOMY ; 100. COSMOLOGY ; 133. EARTH ; 259. MARS ; 280. MOON .

aphelion
the point in the orbit of a heavenly body where it is farthest from the sun. See also perihelion .
apocynthion
apolune.
apogee
the farthest point in an orbit from the body being orbited.
apolune
the farthest point from the moon in a lunar orbit, as that of a spacecraft. Also called apocynthion .
areography
the study of the physical features of the planet Mars.
celidography
Archaic. a description of the surface markings of the sun or a planet. — celidographer, n.
exobiology
the branch of biology that studies life beyond the earth’s atmosphere, as on other planets. — exobiologist, n.
meridian
the highest point a planet or other orbiting heavenly body reaches in its orbit. — meridian, meridional, adj.
occultation
the process of one heavenly body disappearing behind another as viewed by an observer.
pericynthion
perilune.
perigee
the closest point in an orbit to the body being orbited.
perihelion
the point in the orbit of a heavenly body where it is nearest the sun. Also called perihelium . See also aphelion .
perihelium
perihelion.
perilune
the closest point to the moon in a lunar orbit, as that of a spacecraft. Also called pericynthion .
planetarium
1. a representation of the planetary system, particularly one in which the movements of the planets are simulated by projectors.
2. a room or building housing such an apparatus.
planetoid
Astronomy. any of thousands of small celestial bodies that revolve about the sun in orbits chiefly between those of Mars and Jupiter ranging in diameter from one mile to 480 miles. Also called asteroids, minor planets . — planetoidal, adj.
zenography
the study and description of Jupiter. — zenographical, adj.

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