315. Photography


See also 23. ART ; 159. FILMS

actinography
1. the measurement of the intensity of radiation with a recording actinometer, usually by the photochemical effect.
2. the calculation of suitable exposure times in photography through the use of a recording actinometer. — actinographic, adj.
astrophotography
a form of photography used to record astronomical phenomena.
autoradiograph
radioautograph.
autotype
1. a photographic process in which pictures are produced in one color or shades of one color by the use of a carbon pigment. Also called autotypy .
2. the picture so created.
chromophotography
the art of making colored photographs.
cinematics
the art or principles of making motion pictures. — cinematic, adj.
cinematography
the art or technique of motion-picture photography. — cinematographer, cinematographist, n. cinematographic, adj.
collotype
1. a photographic plate made with a gelatin film, capable of highly detailed reproductions.
2. the process of making such a plate.
3. the picture made with such a plate.
cyanotype
a blueprint.
daguerreotype
an obsolete form of photography in which images were produced on chemically treated plates of metal or glass. — daguerreotypic, daguerreotypical, adj. daguerreotypist, n.
densitometer
an optical device for measuring the density of a photographic negative.
electrography
an apparatus for electrically transmitting pictures. — electrograph, n. electrographic, adj.
ferrotype
1. an early photographic process in which a positive image was taken directly on a thin plate of sensitized iron or tin.
2. the picture produced by this method. Also called stannotype, tintype .
gastrophotography
a form of photography for examining the interior of the stomach by introducing a small camera into it.
heliochromy
the art or process of producing natural color photographic prints; color photography. — heliochrome, n. heliochromic, adj.
heliotypography
the practice of making phototypes.
heliotypy
the process of making pictures by printing directly from gelatin film that has been exposed under a negative and fixed with chrome alum.
holography
a technique for producing a three-dimensional photographic representation, recorded on film by a reflected laser beam of a subject illuminated by part of the same laser beam.
megalethoscope
an optical device similar to a stereoscope in which a photograph is greatly magnified and the effect of perspective is deepened.
mutoscope
an instrument for recording and reproducing the illusion of motion by means of a series of photographs.
nephograph
an instrument for photographing clouds.
panchromatism
the quality or condition of being sensitive to all colors, as certain types of photographic film. — panchromatic, adj.
photobibliography
the use of photography as an aid to book description.
photobiography
a biography related mostly or entirely through photographs.
photochromy
the process or production of color photographs; color photography. Cf. heliochromy .
photochronograph
1. a camera for recording motion by a series of photographs taken at brief intervals.
2. the photograph so produced.
3. a camera that records the exact time of the event it is photographing by exposing a moving sensitized plate to the tracing of a thin beam of light synchronized with the event.
photodrama
a photoplay or dramatic narrative illustrated with or related through photographs.
photoglyphy
photogravure or the process of engraving by means of photography. — photoglyphic, adj.
photogrammetry
the use of photography for surveying or map-making. Cf. phototopography.
photogravure
1. a form of photoengraving in which the photograph is reproduced on an intaglio surface and then transferred to paper.
2. the photograph produced by this process.
photojournalism
a form of journalism in which photographs play a more important part than written copy. — photojournalist, n.
photolithography
the process of making lithographs produced by photoengraving. Cf. photogravure . — photolithographer, n. photolithographic, adj.
photomicrography
the process of taking photographs through a microscope. Also called photomicroscopy . — photomicrograph, n.
phototopography
surveying or map-making by means of photography. Cf. photogrammetry. phototopographic, phototopographical, adj.
phototypy
the art or technique of making photographic plates. — phototypic, adj.
platinotype
1. a photographic process in which a platinum salt is used in place of the more usual silver salts to produce a more permanent print.
2. a photographic print so made.
radioautograph
a photograph produced on film by the radioactive rays from the object being photographed. Also called autoradiograph . — radioautographic, adj. radioautography, n.
radiography
the technique of producing images on photographic film by the action of x rays or other radioactive materials. Also called scotography . — radiograph, n.
radiophotography
the process or technique of transmitting and receiving photographs by radio.
reprography
a collective term for all kinds of processes used for the facsimile reproduction of documents or books.
roentgenography, röntgenography
x-ray photography.
scotography
radiography. See also 342. RADIATION . — scotograph, n.
sensitometer
a device for determining the sensitivity of film. — sensitometiy, n. sensitometric, adj.
spectrography
the technique of using a spectrograph, an optical device for breaking light down into a spectrum and recording the results photographically. — spectrographic, adj.
spectroheliogram
a photograph of the sun made using monochromatic light.
stannotype
ferrotype.
telephotography
1. the art or process of photographing distant objects by using a telephoto lens or a telescope with a camera.
2. electrography. — telephotographic, adj.
teliconograph
an apparatus combining a telescope and the camera lucida, used for producing images of distant objects on a screen.
time lapse photography
the motion-picture photography of a slow and continuous process, as the sprouting of a seed, especially by exposing one frame at a time at regular intervals.
tintype
ferrotype.
tomography
x-ray photography of a thin cross section of tissue.
vectography
a stereoscopic process involving two superimposed images polarized at 90° to each other and viewed through polarizing glasses for a three-dimensional effect. — vectograph, n. vectographic, adj.
woodburytype
1. an early photographic process in which a relief image on gelatin is used to produce an intaglio impression on a lead or other soft metal plate from which prints are then made in a press.
2. the picture produced by this process.

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