286. Mythology


See also 183. GOD and GODS .

centauromachy
battle between centaurs or between centaurs and men.
cornucopia
1. Greek Mythology. a horn of plenty, from the hom of the goat Amalthaea that dispensed an endless supply of food, drink, and other riches.
2. any copious or abundant supply or source. —cornucopian , adj.
dryad
a wood nymph.
euhemerism
the belief that the mythological gods were merely legendary kings and heroes deified. —euhemerist , n. —euhemeristic , adj.
hamadryad
a dryad that is the spirit of a particular tree.
limniad, limoniad
Rare. a water nymph or naiad.
mythicism
the attribution of supernatural events to mythological causes.
mythicist
1. a student of myths.
2. an interpreter of myths.
mythoclast
an opponent of myths. — mythoclastic , adj.
mythogenesis
1. the establishment and development of myths.
2. the tendency to create myths or to give mythical status to a person or event. Also called mythogeny . —mythogenetic , adj.
mythography
1. the collecting of myths.
2. the recording of myths in writing.
3. a critical collection of myths. —mythographer, mythographist , n.
mythologem
a recurrent pattern, event, or theme in myths, as an explanation of the change of seasons; folklore motifs.
mythologer
a narrator of myths and legends.
mythology
1. a body of stories relating the traditional origins and causes of the world, natural forces and phenomena, and cultural developments, as that of a particular people or relating to a particular person.
2. a collection of myths.
3. the science of myths. —mythologist , n. —mythological , adj.
mythopoesis
the creation of myths. —mythopoeist , n. —mythopoeic , adj.
mythos, mythus
1. myth.
2. mythology.
3. the interrelationship of value structures and historical experiences of a people, usually given expression through the arts.
naiad
a nymph or spirit of rivers and streams.
Oceanid
any of the daughters of Oceanus and Tethys; a sea nymph.
theomythology
a mixture of theology and mythology. —theomythologer , n.
undine
according to Paracelsus, a water nymph or spirit, female in form and lacking a soul until married to a mortal and mother of his child.
vampirism
1. the state or condition of being a vampire.
2. the actions or habits of vampires.
3. belief in the existence of vampires. —vampiric , adj.

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