237. Language Style


See also 236. LANGUAGE ; 248. LITERARY STYLE ; 249. LITERATURE ; 354. RHETORIC and RHETORICAL DEVICES .

academese
language typical of academies or the world of learning; pedantic language.
aeolism
a tendency to longwindedness. — aeolistic , adj.
anecdotalism
1. the writing or telling of short narratives concerning an interesting, amusing, or curious incident or event.
2. an excessive use of anecdotes, as sometimes in the conversation of the aged. — anecdotalist , n.
archaism
the deliberate use, for effect, of old-fashioned terminology in literature.
Asiaticism
a manner of speech, writing, or architecture distinguished by excessive ornamentation or floridity. — Asiatical , adj.
barbarism
the use of terms or constructions feit by some to be undesirably foreign to the established customs of the language. — barbarian , n., adj.
battology
futile repetition in speech or writing.
bureaucratese
language characteristic of government bureaucracy, characterized by excessive use of jargon, convoluted construction, and periphrasis.
businessese
language typical of that used by business people or the world of business, characterized by use of jargon and abbreviation.
causticism, causticity
a sharp, tart wittiness. Also causticness . — caustic , adj.
cinemese
language typical of the cinema, as that used in film dialogue or in film criticism.
collegese
language typical of that used by college students, characterized by use of slang and neologisms.
computerese
language used by those in the business of manufacturing, selling, servicing, or using electronic computers, characterized by many abbreviations and acronyms, excessive use of technical jargon, and, frequently, lack of concern for traditional spelling and grammar.
concettism
1. any writing characterized by conceits, i.e., elaborate and fanciful figures of speech, as in the opening lines of T.S. Eliot’s “Prufrock.”
2. the use of conceits in writing.
economese
language and jargon typical of economists and the field of economics.
epigrammatism
1. the composition of brief witty, ingenious, or sententious statements.
2. the composition of short, concise poems, often satirical, displaying a witty or ingenious thought. — epigrammatist , n . — epigrammatic , adj.
federalese
language typical of the federal government, especially bureau-cratie jargon.
fustian
a high-flown, bombastic style of writing or speaking. — fustianist , n.
journalese
language typical of journalists and newspapers or magazines, characterized by use of neologism and unusual syntax. Also called newspaperese .
laconicism, laconism
a tendency to use few words to express a great deal; conciseness. — laconic , adj.
legalese
language typical of lawyers, laws, legal forms, etc., characterized by archaic usage, prolixity, and extreme thoroughness.
lexiphanicism
Archaic. 1. the use of excessively learned and bombastic terminology.
2 . an instance of this language style. — lexiphanic , adj.
literaryism
1. the habitual use of literary forms.
2. an expression belonging to a literary language.
lucidity
the quality, state, or art of clarity in thought and style. — lucidness , n . — lucid , adj.
macaronicism
a style of language in which Latin forms and words are mixed with vernacular words, as skato, slippere, falli, bumptum . — macaronic , n., adj .
macrology
an excessive wordiness.
newspaperese
journalese.
officialese
language characteristic of officialdom, typified by polysyllabism and much periphrasis.
paragraphism
the system of writing paragraphs in newspaper-journalism style. — paragraphist , n . — paragraphically , adv .
parrhesia
a tendency to boldness and frankness of speech; freedom of expression, as in much modern literature.
pedagese
the language of pedagogues or language typical of pedagogues, characterized by pedanticism. Also called academese .
pedestrianism
the use of a style lacking in vitality, imagination, or distinction; prosiness. — pedestrian , adj .
pellucidity
the quality, state, or art of writing or speaking in a fashion that is easy to understand. — pellucidness , n . — pellucid , adj .
Pentagonese
language typical of the Pentagon or the U.S. defense establishment, characterized by use of acronyms, neologisms and the use of nouns as verbs and adjectives.
postclassicism
a written or spoken expression characteristic of the period following the classical period of a language. — postclassical , adj .
sardonicism
a style of speaking or writing characterized by bitter, contemptuous, or scornful derision.
sensationalism
yellow journalism.
societyese
language typical of high society, characterized by affectation.
sociologese
language or jargon typical of sociology or sociologists.
stagese
language typical of the stage and stage people, characterized by affectation, hyperbole, and melodramatic effects.
stichometry
the practice of expressing the successive ideas in a prose composition in single lines corresponding to natural cadences or sense divisions. — stichometric, stichometrical , adj.
telegraphese
the brief, sometimes cryptic language used in telegrams.
Varietyese
language typical of the entertainment journal Variety, characterized by a staccato, idiomatic, and neologistic style, with much use of abbreviation.
Wall Streetese
language typical of that used on Wall Street and in the financial markets, characterized by use of technical financial terms and arcane stock-market jargon.
Washingtonese
federalese.
yellow journalism
the practice of seeking out sensational news for the purpose of boosting a newspaper’s circulation, or, if such stories are hard to find, of trying to make comparatively innocuous news appear sensational. Also called sensationalism . — yellow journalist , n .

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