207. History


See also 18. ANTIQUITY ; 308. PAST

annalist
one who chronicles yearly events; a writer of annals.
chronography
Obsolete, the recording or study of past events.
cliometrics
the application of mathematics, especially statistics, to the study of history. —cliometrician , n .
cyclicism
the belief that history repeats itself, as suggested in the writings of Arnold Toynbee. Also cyclicity . —cyclic , adj.
genealogy
1. a record or account of the ancestry and descent of a person, family, or group.
2. the study of family ancestries or histories.
3. descent from an original form or progenitor; lineage. —genealogist , n. —genealogie, genealogical , adj.
heroology
a work on heroes and their history. —heroologist , n. —heroological , adj.
historicism
1. a theory that history is determined by immutable laws.
2. a theory that all cultural phenomena are historically determined and that all historians should study a period on its own merits.
3. a search for the laws of historical evolution.
4. a profound or an excessive respect for historical institutions, as traditions or laws. Also historism . —historicist , n., adj.
historiography
1. the body of literature concerned with historical matters.
2. the methods of historical research and presentation.
3. an official history. —historiographer , n . —historiographic, historiographical , adj.
historiology
the study or knowledge of history.
historism
historicism.
medievalist
1. an expert in medieval history, literature, art, architecture, etc.
2. a person devoted to the art, culture, or spirit of the Middle Ages.
monism
the theory that there is only one causal factor in history, as intellect or nature. —monist , n . —monistic , adj.
Orientalist
a specialist in Oriental history, art, literature, etc.
prosopography
1. a biographical sketch containing a description of a person’s appearance, qualities, and history.
2. a collection of such sketches. — prosopographer , n. See also 149. FACIAL FEATURES .
protohistory
the earliest period of history, before the time when records were kept. —protohistorical , adj.
revisionism
a movement to reexamine historical information in the light of current knowledge. —revisionist , n., adj.

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