Alphabetic Guide to Child Care - Hyperactivity


Hyperactivity, a general term, was used to describe what are now recognized as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) and attention deficit disorder ( ADD ) . Recent research indicates that although ADHD and ADD become apparent in childhood, they are not outgrown as previously thought. Neither disorder is a sign of lack of intelligence. There are a number of symptoms for the disorders—such as having difficulty concentrating, being overactive or unusually withdrawn, and not completing tasks—and a child should be seen by a professional for an expert diagnosis. ADHD is more common in boys than in girls. Experts estimate that 3 to 5 percent of American children have ADHD or ADD.

ADHD and ADD are believed to be neurological disorders (often inherited) involving the brain mechanisms that regulate attention and impulse control. Treatment usually consists of daily drug therapy with a stimulant, such as Ritalin or Dexedrine, and behavioral therapy. For more information on these disorders contact:

  1. • ADDA Southern Region, Attention Deficit Disorder Assoiciation, Nancy Eisenber, 12345 Jones Road, Suite 287, Houston, TX 77070; (713) 955-3720.
  2. • CHADD, Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Disorders, 8181 Professional Place, Suite 201, Landover, MD 20785; (800) 233-4050.
  3. • National ADDA, National Attention Deficit Disorder Association, P.O. Box 1303, Northbrook, IL 60065-1303; (800) 487-2282.

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