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Welcome to comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets, this is our


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Archive-name: www/stylesheets-faq
Posting-Frequency: twice a week (mondays and thursdays)
Last-modified: October 3, 1999
Version: 1.92
URL: http://css.nu/faq/ciwas-mFAQ.html
Maintainer: Jan Roland Eriksson <rex@css.nu>

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets FAQ v1.92
______________________________________________________________________

00: ===== T O C =====

01: What is <comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets> ?
02: What kinds of posts are acceptable in this news group ?
03: What kinds of posts may be acceptable in this news group ?
04: What kinds of posts are not acceptable in this news group ?
05: Where are the technical resources for this news group ?
06: How do I get best possible answers to my questions ?
07: How do I enable style sheet handling in my browser ?
 a) Microsoft IE
 b) Netscape
 c) Opera
08: How do I create my own default style sheet ?
09: Where can I find the latest version of this FAQ ?
______________________________________________________________________

01: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  What is <comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets>

A:  This is an unmoderated news group which passed its vote for
    creation by 166:19 as reported in news.announce.newgroups on
    20 Mar 1997.

    The charter of this news group, as culled from the vote result
    announcement, states the following:

   "This unmoderated news group is intended for the discussion of Web
    style sheets. Style sheets can make an author's life much easier.
    With style sheets, one only needs to specify presentational
    preferences once, and the style can be applied to an entire site.
    Not only that, but style sheets also reduce download time when
    one file contains all the style information."


02: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  What kinds of posts are acceptable in this news group ?

A:  Topics for this news group include:

    * How to achieve a particular effect with style sheets,
    * The relative advantages of different style sheet languages,
    * Specifications versus implementations,
    * Bugs and limitations in implementations, and
    * Questions on XSL related subjects.


03: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  What kinds of posts may be acceptable in this news group ?

A:  Articles on related subjects (e.g. HTML mark-up, Scripting
    languages, etc) that may be required for discussion of a specific
    CSS problem.

    On general terms:

    * questions on HTML mark-up should be posted in
      news:comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html

    * questions on XML mark-up should be posted in
      news:comp.text.xml

    * questions on DSSSL may be posted in
      news:comp.text.sgml

    * but the most correct forum might be the DSSSL mailing list at
      http://www.mulberrytech.com/dsssl/dssslist/

    * questions on scripting languages
     (e.g. Javascript, Jscript etc) should be posted in
      news:comp.lang.javascript


04: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  What kinds of posts are not acceptable in this news group ?

A:  Some examples of inappropriate posts include:

    * Chain letters, including "Make Money Fast" articles
    * Known hoaxes (like the "Good Times Virus")
    * Announcements of non-relevant Web pages and services
    * Personal introductions or requests for e-mail
    * Off topic questions or responses
    * Test articles
    * Articles cross-posted to several news groups
    * Articles posted as separate copies to many groups ("spam")
    * Articles with significantly more quoted than new content
    * Articles offering items for sale and commercial advertisements
    * Articles which aren't primarily text in a standard alphabet
     (e.g. binaries, pictures, Rot13, etc.)


05: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  Where are the technical resources for this news group ?

A:  Available info on the subject of Cascading Style Sheets is too
    extensive to be written in a posted document like this.
    It is suggested that you research your technical questions on the
    use of CSS in one of the following places on the World Wide Web.

    * The official recommendations for CSS level 1 & 2 from W3C
      http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-CSS1
      http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-CSS2/

    * Syntax checkers for CSS are available online from here
      http://www.htmlhelp.com/tools/csscheck/
      http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/

    * True HTML syntax validators are available online from here
      http://www.htmlhelp.com/tools/validator/
      http://validator.w3.org/

    * A commercial Windows front end for James Clark's 'nsgmls'
      SGML parser/validator is available from here
      http://arealvalidator.com/

    * Eric A. Meyer has designed a test suite for CSS1
      http://www.w3.org/Style/CSS/Test/

    * Todd Fahrner has designed a set of core stylesheets
      http://www.w3.org/StyleSheets/Core/

    * Todd also designed a CSS interface for IE 4.01 for Mac.
      http://www.verso.com/agitprop/misc/favorites.html

    * The Web Design Group has a CSS reference here
      http://www.htmlhelp.com/reference/css/

    * WDG has also published an add on CSS tool set for Win IE4.0x
      http://www.htmlhelp.com/tools/widgets/

    * The HTML Writers Guild CSS FAQ
      http://www.hwg.org/resources/faqs/cssFAQ.html

    * Brian Wilson has a comprehensive reference site at
      http://www.blooberry.com/

    * Information on various browsers CSS compatibility
      http://www.webreview.com/guides/style/mastergrid.html

    * Braden McDaniel and Eric A. Meyer have pages describing the
      level of CSS support in MSIE3.0x for Windows and Mac
      http://www.endoframe.com/css/ie3.html
      http://www.cwru.edu/dms/homes/eam3/css1/msie-css1.html

    * Not found your answers yet?
      Rest assured, you will find it through the CSS pointers page.
      http://css.nu/pointers/


06: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  How do I get best possible answers to my questions ?

A:  In the list of resources (Q&A #5 above) you can find a number of
    URL's pointing to "syntax validators" for both HTML and CSS.
    These on-line resources can be among your best friends when you
    are having problems with your web page designs.
    Regular posters in "ciwas" like to validate their css snippets,
    and/or external CSS files along with their HTML, before posting
    a question to the NG.
    If you still have problems, after having followed advice given
    by the validators, chances are that you having an encounter with
    a browser bug and/or a bad CSS implementation in a particular
    browser. Regulars in ciwas know about most of them and will be
    able to help you find a suitable "work around" for your problem.
    The final advice now is for you to provide a URL to an example
    page that includes your problem.


07: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  How do I enable style sheet handling in my browser ?

A:  The following guidelines may be used to enable style sheet
    handling in some popular browsers. (note: information valid for
    release versions of browsers only)

 a) Microsoft Internet Explorer

    v3.0x, on Windows platforms

      At the menu selection "View -> Options...", activate selection
     "Advanced" and checkmark the box labeled "Use Style Sheets".

      It is possible to add a user stylesheet to the MS IE3.0x family
      of browsers. Be warned though that this involves editing the
      Windows95/NT registry, and anyone not comfortable with the use
      of Windows Regedit, should perhaps stay out of this.

      Information on proper procedure can be found here...
      http://www.blooberry.com/indexdot/css/topics/stylefaq.htm#fourteen

      A warning from the author of this FAQ:
      Please note that the support for CSS in MSIE3.0x can at best
      be described as "rudimentary". Do expect problems in rendering
      of documents that are guided by style sheets, while style sheet
      handling is enabled in this browser.

     (the style sheet for the Web document containing
      this FAQ, has not been "optimized" for use with
      MSIE3.0x in style sheet enabled mode)

    v4.0x, on Windows platforms

      At the menu selection "View -> Internet Options..." in the
     "Preferences" dialog, select the "General" tab (if it isn't
      already selected). Activate the "Accessibility" button and make
      sure that the first three boxes (labelled "Ignore color on Web
      pages", "Ignore font style on Web pages" and "Ignore font sizes
      on Web pages") are all UNchecked.

      Additionally, if you want to see backgrounds printed out,
      go back to the main Internet Options dialog, select the
     "Advanced" tab, and scroll down in the list until you see the
      option "Print background colors and images".
      Make sure it's checked.

      MSIE4.0x also has provisions to let the user specify a local
      stylesheet, to be used to set a base rendering preference for
      all viewed pages.

      To set your own user stylesheet, follow the directions above to
      get into the "Accessibility" dialog. Once there, check the
     "Format documents using my style sheet" then use the "Browse..."
      button to select your style sheet.

    v5.0, on Windows platforms

      At the menu selection "Tools -> Internet Options..." select the
     "General" tab (if it isn't already selected). Activate the
     "Accessibility" button and make sure that the first three boxes
     (labelled "Ignore colors specified on Web pages", "Ignore font
      styles specified on Web pages" and "Ignore font sizes specified
      on Web pages") are all UNchecked.

    v4.0x, on Macintosh

      Please find the menu selection "Edit -> Preferences..." and
      activate the section "Web Content" (under "Web Browser").
      Checkmark the options "Show Style Sheets", "Allow page to
      specify colors" and "Allow page to specify fonts".

      (info on how to set a user stylesheet not know at the moment)

    v4.5, on Macintosh

      Use the same procedure as for the v4.0x browser.

    the v4.0x and v5.0 browsers in general

      Please note that Microsoft IE v4.0x and v5.0, on all of its
      platforms, is very "liberal" on what CSS it accepts. They most
      always tries to do "something" with any bogus code that is
      thrown at it, leading authors to believe that their CSS code
      is Ok and that they have found bugs in other browsers when
      they in reality do behave according to specs, and the error is
      really to be found in the authors own CSS code.

 b) Netscape Navigator/Communicator

    v4.0x and v4.5x, on Windows platforms

      These browsers needs to have both style sheet and JavaScript
      handling enabled in order to start interpreting external style
      sheets.

      Please find the menu selection "Edit -> Preferences...",
      activate selection "Advanced" and checkmark the boxes labeled
     "Enable JavaScript" and "Enable style sheets".

      (info on how to set a user stylesheet not know at the moment)

    v4.0x and v4.5x, on Macintosh

      Use the same procedure as for the Windows platform.

      (info on how to set a user stylesheet not know at the moment)

    v4.0x and v4.5x, on Unix platforms

      Use the same procedure as for the Windows platform.

      (info on how to set a user stylesheet not know at the moment)

    v4.0x and v4.5x browsers in general

      Please note that the support for CSS in Netscape N/C v4.0x,
      and v4.5x on all of its platforms, is far from being up to
      specifications. Do expect problems in rendering of documents
      that are guided by style sheets, while style sheet handling is
      enabled in this browser.

 c) Opera

    v3.5x and v3.6x, on Windows platforms

    Opera comes with stylesheet handling enabled by default.
    Rendering of documents with or without CSS support is easliy
    toggled ON/OFF by means of the "Toggle Document Settings" button
    that is just to the left of the document address field in each
    open document window.

    It's my experience that even better CSS rendering results can be
    had in Opera if one takes some time to do a careful configuration
    of _all_ possible font selections available in the menu selection
   "Preferences -> Document Appearance" most especially the "Generic"
    fonts should be set to personal preference.

    All details on how to set a user stylesheet is also available in
    the "Document Appearance" dialog and its context sensitive help.

    Opera's support for CSS1 comes close to being correct to specs.
    It still has a few minor "quirks" but over and all for not overly
    complex stylesheets it will render CSS documents in a way that it
    can be used as a personal "reference" browser for CSS1.
    Support for CSS2 is close to non existant.


08: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  How do I create my own default style sheet ?

A:  If you want to specify a default style sheet, here's how:
    First, write a default style sheet using your favorite text
    editor, and save it to your hard drive as something like
   "default.css".

    If you are using MSIE 4.0x then follow the directions above to
    get into the "Accessibility" dialog. Once there, check the
   "Format documents using my style sheet" and then use the
   "Browse..." button to select your style sheet.

    If you are using MSIE 3.0x for Windows95/NT then follow the
    directions above on how to edit your registry to set the path
    name of your stylesheet

    That should be all you need!


09: ===== Q & A =====

Q:  Where can I find the latest version of this FAQ ?

A:  This FAQ was last updated 1999/10/03 copyright 1998, 1999
    Jan Roland Eriksson.

    Permission to freely reproduce this document electronically is
    given as long as the document remains uncut and unedited.

    This FAQ is posted periodically to the NG every monday and thurs-
    day and I'll endeavor to use the same subject line at all times
    so that those of you who have seen it can kill-file the subject.

    FAQ version number in subject line will be changed whenever the
    document has been revised. You should be able to use that fact
    when setting your kill filter to make sure that you have the
    latest version available at all times.

    This FAQ is also available in HTML on the World Wide Web at...
    http://css.nu/faq/ciwas-mFAQ.html

    and as a text document at...
    http://css.nu/faq/ciwas-mFAQ.txt

    with the revision history of this FAQ at...
    http://css.nu/faq/ciwas-mFAQ-rev.html


10: ===== E N D =====
______________________________________________________________________


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