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sci.virtual-worlds Visual Displays FAQ

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Archive-name: virtual-worlds/visual-faq
Posting-frequency: monthly
Last-modified: 1997/07/18
URL:<http://www.hitl.washington.edu/scivw/visual-faq.html>

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
sci.virtual-worlds Visual Displays Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

This faq replaces the previous HMD FAQ, it is meant to supply product
information regarding visual displays in virtual interface technology.
Vendors are listed alphabetically with product cross reference. The product
listings are listed alphabetically by product name with the vendor cross
reference. Field of View is described as horizontal field of view in (H) by
vertical field of view by (V).

Questions, comments, or suggestions should be sent to:
scivw-faq@hitl.washington.edu

Snail-mail may be sent to:

Sci.virtual-worlds
c/o Toni Emerson, HITLab
University of Washington
Human Interface Technology Laboratory
PO Box 352412
Seattle, WA, 98195-2412
USA

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Topics covered in this FAQ

1. Display Types

2. Head Based or Head Mounted Displays (HMD) Vendors

3. Head Based or Head Mounted Displays (HMD) Product List*

4. Shutterglasses Vendor and Product List

5. Stationary Displays Vendor and Product List**

6. Alternative Displays

7. WWW sites, Conferences, Societies

8. Credits


Subject: -1- Display Types CAVE (TM): CAVE Automatic Virtual Environment, a projection-based virtual environment system that surrounds the viewer with up to four screens and allows both physical and virtual objects to occupy the same space. The CAVE is trademarked by the University of Illinois. head-coupled: Displays or robotic actions that are activated by head motion through a head tracking device. head mounted display (HMD): A set of goggles or a helmet with tiny monitors in front of each eye to generate images seen by the wearer as three-dimensional. Often the HMD is combined with a head tracker so that the images displayed in the HMD change as the head moves. (from Mancetta, Carol and Blade, R.A. Glossary of.Virtual Reality Terminology. http://ijvr.uccs.edu/manetta.htm) monocular displays: display for one eye. see through display: display that allows wear to see the virtual image superimposed over the real world. The wearer can "see through" the virtual image. (from Mancetta, Carol and Blade, R.A. Glossary of.Virtual Reality Terminology. http://ijvr.uccs.edu/manetta.htm) SID: Spatially Immersive Display: Spatially immersive displays utilize wrap-around (panoramic) video displays to create an unencumbered, ultra-wide field of view, walk-in immersive environment. Displays are typically produced by front or rear surface video projection onto cylinder, dome, torus, or rectilinear screens. High resolution over a wide field-of-view can be maintained by projecting multiple video ports which are tiled or soft-edge blended over the screen surface to create a continuous, seamless or near-seamless, geometrically correct image when properly rendered. SIDs may or may not utilize stereoscopy or head-tracking depending on application requirements. (definition courtesy of Ed Lanz, Spitz Inc.) shutter glasses: Glasses that alternately block out the left and right eye views in synchrony with the computer display of left and right eye images to provide stereoscopic images on the computer screen. (from Mancetta, Carol and Blade, R.A. Glossary of.Virtual Reality Terminology. http://ijvr.uccs.edu/manetta.htm) Virtual Model Displays: Projected image tables that use headtracking and shutter glasses to render 3D models with appropriate motion parallax to appear to have a real presence on a tabletop or vertical surface. While head tracking devices, haptic displays and SIGs are useful for exploring virtual environments, VMDs are most valuable for working with virtual objects or models that fit on a tabletop in the "real world." Less immersive than other types of displays, VMDs are extremely effective when the goal of the system is to establish a sense that an object exists and is positioned relative to an observer and an environment. Known as "object-presence," this effect requires high fidelity images and cues related to the object. It is significantly enhanced when interaction with the virtual object is possible. wearable computing: Wearable computing hopes to shatter this myth of how a computer should be used. A person's computer should be worn, much as eyeglasses or clothing are worn, and interact with the user based on the context of the situation. With heads-up displays, unobtrusive input devices, personal wireless local area networks, and a host of other context sensing and communication tools, the wearable computer can act as an intelligent assistant, whether it be through a Remembrance Agent, augmented reality, or intellectual collectives. (from the MIT Wearable Computing WWW page)
Subject: -2- Head Based or Head Mounted Displays (HMD) Vendors CAE Electronics Ltd 8585 Cote de Liesse C.P. 1800 Saint-Laurent Quebec, Canada H4L4X4 Tel: 1-514-341-6780/Fax: 1-514-341-7669 Email: terryw@cae.ca WWW: http://www.cae.ca product: Fiber-Optic Helmet Mounted Displays (FOHMD), MAXVUE database management system CAE Electronics Ltd 8585 Cote de Liesse C.P. 1800 Saint-Laurent Quebec, Canada H4L4X4 Tel: 1-514-341-6780/Fax: 1-514-341-7669 Email: terryw@cae.ca WWW: http://www.cae.ca product: Fiber-Optic Helmet Mounted Displays (FOHMD), MAXVUE database management system Delft Instruments OIP nv/sa, Westerring 21 B09700 Oudenaarde Belgium Email: fdg@oip.be WWW: http://www.innet.net:80/oip/ product: Viper 3 Night and Day Helmet FakeSpace, Inc. 241 Polaris Ave. Mountain View, CA USA 94043 Tel: 415-688-1940 Email: info@fakespace.com WWW: http://www.fakespace.com Products: BOOM, FS(2), PUSH Desktop Display, ISV Display, Immersive WorkBench and DUO Dynamic Display FORTE Technologies Inc. 2615 W. Henrietta Rd. Rochester, NY 14623 USA Tel: 1-716-427-8595/Fax: 1-716- 292-6353 Email: sales@fortevr.com WWW: http://www.fortevr.com AMERICA ONLINE: Go Keyword: FORTE VFX1 User Group: http://users.exis.net/~bunda/ product: VFX1 (VFX300 and VFX 900 to be available in 1997) General Reality Company 124 Race Street San Jose, CA 95126 USA Tel: 1-408-289-8340/Fax: 1-408-289-8258 WWW: http://www.genreality.com/ Email: sales@genreality.com product: CyberEye Hughes Training Inc. 13775 McLearen Road Herndon, VA 22071 USA Tel: 1-703-481-4886/Fax: 1-703-707-2047 WWW: http://www.hti.com product: ClearVue Low-Cost Helmet-Mounted Display, Advanced Visionics System (AVS) helmet-mounted display (collaborative research program between US and UK) Kaiser Electro-Optics 2752 Loker Ave. West Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA Tel: 1-619-438-9255/Fax: 1-619-438-6875 Email: info@keo.com WWW: http://www.keo.com product: VIM 500HRpv, VIM 100HRpv, SIM EYE 40, SIM EYE 60, HIDEF, ProView, Personal Assistant Headset, Full Immersion PH II Kopin Corporation 695 Myles Standish Blvd Taunton, MA 02780 160-A Albright Way Taunton, MA 02780 Tel: 1-508-824-6697/Fax: 1-508-824-6958 Email: info@kopin.com WWW: http://www.kopin.com product: CyberDisplay (tm) 320 optical engine LEEP Systems Inc. 241 Crescent Street Waltham, MA 02154-3425 USA Tel: 617-647-1395/Fax: 617-899-9602 Email: leep@world.std.com WWW: http://www.leepsys.com product: Cyberface (2,3,4 only individual order. Cyberface 5 to be shipped in 1997) Liquid Image Corporation 1-90 Market Street Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 0P3 Canada Tel: 1-204-988-3000/Fax: 1-204-988-3050 Email: liquid@liquidimage.ca WWW: http://www.liquidimage.ca/vr/ product: MRG2, MRG3C, MRG4, MRG6 full VGA Monocle and The Pocket Monitor n-Vision, Inc. 7680 Old Springhouse Rd Madison Bldg - 1st Floor McLean, VA 22102 Tel: 1-703-506-8808/fax: 1-703-903-0455 Email: sales@nvis.com WWW: http://www.nvis.com product: Full color Datavisor, Datavisor 80, VR-Binocular Planar Systems 1499 NW Comptom Drive Beaverton, OR 97006 United Kingdom Tel: 503-690-1100/Fax: 503-690-1244 Email: sales@planar.com WWW: http://www.planar.com products: [high-performance commercial flat-panel display components, CRTs and flat panel display products] Reflection Technology 230 Second Avenue Waltham, MA 02154 Tel (617) 890-5905 Fax (617) 890-5918 Email: info@reflection.com WWW: http://www.reflection.com Product: P5 Display (a display "engine", designed for incorporation into an enclosure which provides the appropriate mechanical and optical alignment between the two assemblies). http://www.reflection.com/p5disp.html SEOS Displays, Ltd. Marchants Way Burgess Hill, West Sussex RH15 8QY United Kingdom Tel: +44-1444-870-888/Fax: +44-1444-870-777 Email: sales@seos.co.uk http://www.seos.co.uk/ products: [HMD, SID] Binocular Colour HMD, multi-channel dome display systems and collimating projection displays. Shimadzu Corporation Shimadzu Precision Instruments Inc. 20410 Earl Street Torrance, CA 90503 USA Tel: 1-310-214-0314/Fax: 1-310-542-0995 Email: Iniimi@aol.com product: STV-E Virtual i-O, Inc. Out of Business - 1997 product: [HMD] i-glasses! VTV, VPC, ProTec Virtual Reality Inc. 333 Meadowlands Parkway, Second Floor Secaucus NJ 07094 USA Tel: 1-201-392-9800/Fax: 1-201-392-0156 product: HMD 133 Virtual Research Systems Inc. 2326 Walsh Ave. Santa Clara, CA 95051 USA Tel: 1-408-748-8712/Fax: 1-408-748-8714 Email: virtualres@aol.com WWW: http://www.virtualresearch.com/v-research/ product: V6, V8 Virtual Vision 659 178th Place N.E. Redmond, Washington 98052 USA tel: 1-800-800-8033/Fax 1-206-882-7373 Email: info@virtualvision.com WWW: http://www.virtualvision.com/ product: V-Cap 1000 Digital Head-Mounted Unit (DHMU) Virtuality Inc. Suite 105 7801 Mesquite Bend Drive Irving, TX 75063 USA Tel: 1-214-556-1800/Fax: 1-214-556-1890 Email: hmd@virtuality.com WWW: http://www.virtuality.com/ product: Visette Vista Controls 27825 Fremont Court Santa Carita, CA 91344 US Tel: 10-805-257-4430/Fax: 1-805-257-4782 Email: george@vistacc.com WWW: http://www.vistacc.com product: See-Thru-Armor Visionics Corporation Suite 600 1000 Boone Avenue North Minneapolis, MN 55427 USA Tel: 1-612-544-4950/Fax: 1-612-544-4784 product: Visionics Low Vision Enghancement System
Subject: -3- Head Based or Head Mounted Display (HMD) Product List **The specifications for HMD products are culled from WWW sites and product information. However, the prime source used for compiling this section comes from the annual resource compiled by the Real Time Graphics Newsletter: (1996, August). Head-Mounted Display Survey. Real Time Grapics, 5(2), pp. 12. [annual special issue, 1995 issue available online, http://www.cgsd.com]. BOOM 3C Display: dual CRT, head-coupled Resolution: 1280 x 1024 pixels Field of View: 45/140 (H) x 90 (V) Tracking: 6DOF optomechanical Video: RGB field sequential video Weight: boom Price: $35,000 - $95,000 US Note: The MEDVIEW is a custom version for the BOOM optimized for medical applicatons. It provides special viewing optics and a locking structure option. Vendor: FakeSpace ClearVue Display: monchrome CRT with LC filters Resolution: 1280 x 1024 pixels Field of view: 80 (H) x 40 degrees (V) Pixel size: 2.65 arc minutes/pixel Overlap: 30 degrees Weight: 5 pounds Price: $95,000 US Vendor: Hughes Training CyberEye CE-200S and CE200M Display: Dual Active Matrix LCD Resolution: 230 x 789 (180,000) pixels/eye Field of View: 22.5 degrees H x 16.8 degrees V (27.5 degrees diagonal) Pixel Size: 3.2 arc minutes/pixel Video Input Signal: NTSC (2 for stereo) Weight: 14oz. eyewear, 8oz. beltpack (16oz. for stereo) Price: begins at $2,495 US. Add $500 for stereoscopic. Vendor: General Reality CyberFace 2 Display: single large-format LCD, divergent axis Resolution: 385 x 119 pixels Video/Interface: NTSC/PAL composite or RGB Field of View: 140 (H) x 110(V) Tracking: not included Weight: 32 ounces Price: available only by individual order Vendor: LEEP Systems CyberFace 3 Display: single large-format LCD, head-coupled Resolution: 480 x 120 pixels Video/Interface: NTSC/PAL composite or RGB Audio: stereo earphones Field of View: 80 degrees (H) x 60 degrees (V) Tracking: mechanical, 3DOF Weight: arm Price: available only by individual order Vendor: LEEP Systems CyberFace 4 Display: single large-format LCD, head-coupled Resolution: 640 x 480 pixels Video/Interface: NTSC/PAL composite or RGB Field of View: 80 degrees (H) x 60 degrees (V) Audio: stereo earphones Tracking: mechanical, 3DOF Weight: arm Price: $18,400 Vendor: LEEP Systems CyberFace 5 - LEEP Systems Display: quad LCD, triple acuity Resolution: 1170 x 202 pixels Field of View: 140 degrees (H) x 110 degrees (V) Price: available in 1997 Vendor: LEEP Systems Datavisor (Full Color: Datavisor VGA and Datavisor Hi-Res) Display: dual CRTs Resolution: >1280 x 1024 pixels Pixel size: 2 arc minutes/pixel Field of View: 41.6 degrees (H) x 31 degrees (V) Overlap: 50/100% adjustable Tracking: optional Weight: 56 oz Price: contact vendor Vendor: n-Vision Datavisor 80 Display: monochrome CRTs and LCD shtutter devices Resolution: >1280 x 1024 pixels Pixel size: 2.9 arc minutes/pixel Field of View: 64 degrees (H) x 48 degrees (V) Overlap: 50/100% adjustable Tracking: optional Weight: 64 oz Price: contact vendor Vendor: n-Vision Fiber-Optic Head-Mounted Display (FOHMD) Display: CRT projector through fiber optics Pixel size: 6.6 background, 2.2 inset; pixel structure: 1.2 million pixels distributed between inset and background Field of view: 120 degrees (H) x 55 degrees (V) Overlap: 25 degrees Weight: < 4.5 lbs. Price: by quotation Vendor: CAE Electronics Display Type: HMD FS2 Display: dual CRT Resolution: > 1280 x 1024 pixels Field of view: 45/140 degrees (H) x 90 degrees (V) Overlap: ~ 100%sharon@metropolis.vetl.uh.edu Video: RGB field sequential video Tracking: 6DOF optomechanical Weight: boom Price: $65,000 - $105,000 Vendor: FakeSpace, Inc. FS5 http://www.virtualresearch.com/fs5.html Display: dual 1" black and white CRTs with color shutters Resolution per eye: 800 horizontal lines (600 TV lines) Field of view: 55 degrees diagonal at 100% overlap. 76 degrees at 50% overlap Overlap: 100%, adjustable to 50% Pixel size: 3.3 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 38 oz. Price: contact vendor Vendor: Virtual Research Full Immersion HMD Display: active matrix LCD Resolution: 640 x 480 Field of view: 150 degrees (H) x 50 degrees (V) Overlap: 40 degrees Pixel size: 4.0 arc minutes/pixel Weight: > 2 lbs. Price: contact vendor Vendor: Kaiser Electro-Optics HIDEF 90 degrees and 60 degrees Display:2 full color, active matrix TFT, high speed polysilicon LCDs (2)- (640 x 3)x 400 Resolution: Background 6 arcmin/color group, AOI 2.5 arcmin/color group Background 6 arcmin/color group, AOI 2.5 arcmin/color group Field of view: 80 degrees diagonal - 50 degrees (V) x 6.5 degrees (H) Background: 32 degrees diagonal - 20 degrees (V) x 25 degrees (H) Tracking: Polhemus optional Overlap: 100% Weight: 2.5 pounds Price: contact vendor Vendor: Kaiser Electro-Optics Low Vision Enhancement System Display: B&W CRT Resolution: 512 x 492 pixels Field of View: 50 (H) x 37.5 (V) Pixel Size: 5.9 arc minutes/pixel Overlap: 100% Weight: 2.1 lb Price: $5,795 US (with 3 cameras) Vendor: Visionics Corporation Mediamask (Olympus Corp.) Display: LCD, switchable see-through capability Resolution: 1068.5 x 480 Field of View: 60 degrees (H) x 34 degrees (V) Weight: 1.5 lb. Price: 900,000 yen Vendor: Nissho Electronics, sold only in Japan MRG 2 Display: active matrix LCD, single screen Resolution: 720 X 240 pixels Field of View: 84 degrees (H) x 65 degrees (V) Pixel Size: 7.0 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 4 pounds Price: $3,495 Vendor: Liquid Image MRG3C - Liquid Image Display: active matrix LCD, single screen Resolution: 768 x 556 pixels Field of View: 84 degrees (H) x 65 degrees (V) Pixel Size: 7.0 arc minutes/pixel Video/Interface: NTSC/PAL, analog RGB Weight: 4 pounds Price: $5,500 Vendor: Liquid Image MRG4 - Liquid Image Display: active matrix color LCD, single screen Resolution: 479 x 234 pixels Field of View: 61 degrees (H) x 46 degrees (V) Video/Interface: NTSC composite, analog RGB Weight: 2.5 pounds Price: $2,199 Vendor: Liquid Image MRG6 Display: monocular LCD Field of View: 40 degrees diagonal Video Input: VGA Weight: 4 oz. Price: $3,495.00 US Vendor: Liquid Image Personal Assistant Headset WWW: http://www.keo.com/Product_Displays_PAH.html Display: monocular, miniature VGA monchrome LCD Field of View: 24 degrees (H) x 18 degrees (V) Resolution: 640 x 480, non see through Pixel Size: 2.5 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 120 grams Price: contact vendor Vendor: Kaiser Electro-Optics ProView Display: 2 full color, active matrix TFT, high speed polysilicon LCDs Field of View: 30 degrees diagonal - 18 degrees (V) x 24 degrees (H) Resolution: (640x3) x 480 Resolution/eye: 2.25 arcmin/color group Overlap: 100% Video Input: One or two VGA 640 x 480, H&V - TTL, analog 0.7V P-P,75 ohms, 60 Hz video inputs. Autosense for stereoscopic or monoscopic operation, Internal and external sync Audio: Sennheiser digiatally compatible headphones Weight: 32 oz. Price: contact vendor Vendor: Kaiser Electro-Optics PUSH Display: dual CRT Resolution: > 1280 x 1024 pixels Field of View: 30-140 degrees (H) x 90 degrees (V) Overlap: 100% Price: $45,000 Vendor: Fakespace See-Thru-Armor Display: dual active matrix LCD Resolution: 789 x 230 pixels Field of View: 32 degrees (H) x 24 degrees (V) Pixel size: 3.75 arc minutes/pixel Overlap: 100% Weight: 5 lb. Price: $25,000 US Vendor: Vista Controls SIM EYE 40 WWW: http://www.keo.com/Product_Displays_SIMEYE40.html Display: dual CRT Resolution: 1280 x 1024 pixels/LCD (at 50% overlap) Field of view: 40 degrees circular (100 degrees overlap) , 60 degrees (H) x 40 degrees (V) (20 degrees overlap) Overlap: 50 or (100 % overlap, Video: 1280 x 1024 @ 2:1 Interlaced, 1024 x 1024 @ 2:1 Interlaced, 640 x 480 Non-Interlaced, 50 Hz/60 Hz. Vertical Tracking: optional -- Universal Interface Box, Polhemus trackers Weight: 4.5 pounds Price: contact vendor Vendor: Kaiser Electro-Optics SIM EYE 60 WWW: http://www.keo.com/Product_Displays_SIMEYE60.html Display: field sequential CRT Resolution: > 1280 x 1024 pixels Field of view: 100 degrees (H) x 60 degrees (V) Overlap: 20 degrees Pixel size: 3.0 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 5.2 pounds Price: contact vendor Vendor: Kaiser Electro-Optics STV-E Display: monochrome CRTs with color wheels Resolution: 600 x 480 pixels Field of View: 48-60 degrees (H) x 36 degrees (V) Pixel size: 4.8-6.0 arc minutes/pixel Overlap: 100 % Weight: 2.8 lb Price: 2, 800,000 yen Vendor: Shimadzu Corporation V-Cap 1000 Digital Head-Mounted Unit (DHMU) Display: monocular LCD Vendor: Virtual Vision VFX-1 WWW: http://www.fortevr.com/vfx1info.html Display: dual active color matrix LCD Resolution: 789 x 230 pixels Field of view: 33.45 degrees (H) x 25.46 degrees (V) Overlap: adjustable up to 100% Tracking: proprietary 3DOF sourceless "Virtual Oreintation System" Weight: ~32 ounces Price: $895 Vendor: Forte Technologies VIM 1000HRpv WWW: http://www.keo.com/Product_Displays_Entertainment.html Display: 4 active matrix LCDs Resolution: 800 x 225 pixels/LCD Field of view: 100 degrees (H) x 30 degrees (V) Overlap: 67% Weight: 26 ounces Price: contact vendor Vendor: Kaiser Electro-Optics VIM 500pv Display: dual LCD Resolution: 237 x 225 pixels Field of view: 50 degrees (H) x 30 degrees (V) Tracking: Polhemus optional Overlap: 100% Weight: 24 ounces Price: $3,495 US Vendor: Kaiser Electro-Optics Viper 3 WWW: http://www.innet.net:80/oip/newprod/viper.htm Display: Day and Night Helmet with intergrated image intensifier tubes and a binocular projected Head Mounted Display Resolution: at 0.03 lux, better than 1 mrad See-through image: 180 x 110 Exit Pupil: 12mm on axis Weight: < 2.3 kg Vendor: Delft Instruments Virtual Binoculars Display: monochrome CRTs Resolution: > 1280 x 1024 Field of View: 33.8 degrees (H) x 25.7 degrees (V) Pixel size: 3.1 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 32 oz Price: contact vendor Vendor: n-Vision Virtual Reality HMD133 Display: dual CRT Resolution: 2560 x 1204 pixels Field of View: 116 degrees (H) x 58 degrees (V) Overlap: 100% Tracking: tracker mounts provided Note: connects to SGI RealityEngine field sequential interface Weight: 2.5 lbs Price: $64,000 US Vendor: Virtual Reality Inc. Visette Pro Display: dual poly-silicon TFT active matrix LCDs Resolution: 640 x 480 Field of View: 60 degrees (H) x 46.8 degrees (V) Pixel size: 4.76 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 23 oz. Price: $5,950 US (includes Polhemus InsideTrack) Vendor: Virtuality VR4 Display: dual active matrix LCDs Resolution: 742 x 230 Field of view: 48 degrees (H) x 36 degrees (V) Overlap: 85% or 100% Pixel size: 4.21 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 34 oz. Price: contact vendor Vendor: Virtual Research Systems VR6 Display: dual active matrix LCDs Resolution: 742 x 230 Field of view: 48 degrees (H) x 36 degrees (V) Overlap: 85% or 100% Pixel size: 4.21 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 34 oz. Price: contact vendor Vendor: Virtual Research Systems VR4000 Display: dual active matrix LCDs Resolution: 732 x 230 Field of view: 48 degrees (H) x 36 degrees (V) Overlap: 100% Pixel size: 4.21 arc minutes/pixel Weight: 31 oz. Price: contact vendor Vendor: Virtual Research Systems
Subject: -4- Shutterglasses - Vendors and Products 3D-MAX Tel: +46 (0)18 18 77 77/Fax: +46 (0)18 51 66 00 Email: sales@ThreeD-MAX.udac.se WWW: http://www.threed-max.udac.se/ product: 3D-Max price: $200 US Skylinc Inc 9103 Maybank Drive Austin, TX 78750 USA tel: 1-888-272-8619 (toll free), 1-281-820-8484/fax: 1-512-331-9868 WWW: http://www.skylinc.com product: Virtual Visor price: $44.95 US NuVision 1815 NW 169th Place Building 3060 Beaverton, OR 97006 USA E-Mail: info@nuvision3d.com Tel: 1-503-614-9000/Fax: 1-503-614-9100 WWW: http://www.nuvision3d.com product: 3-D SPEX price: $99.95 US Stereographics 2171 E. Francisco Blvd. San Rafael, CA 94901 USA E-Mail: sales@crystaleye.com Tel: 1-800-783-2660 (U.S. only), 1-415-459-4500/Fax: 1-415-459-3020 WWW: http://www.stereographics.com product: SimulEyes price: $99.95 (North America), $149.95 (International) VRex, Inc CONTACT: Carl Tung 8 Skyline Drive Hawthorne, NY 10532 tel: 914.345.8877, fax: 914.345.9558 http://www.vrex.com product: VR Surfer Woobo Electronics Seong-kok V/D, 8F, 823-22 Yeoksam-dong Kangnan-ku Seoul, Korea Email: woobo@woobo.com WWW: http://www.woobo.com/index.html product: CyberBoy
Subject: -5- Stationary Display Vendors and Products **Special thanks and credit goes to Ed Lanz of Spitz, Inc. for his list of SIDs. Alternate Realities Corp. (ARC) Manufactures VisionDome (TM), a portable 3-D digital theater which provides a full hemispheric display. Offered in 5-meter and 7-meter models. Alternate Realities Corp. Suite 13oo 215 Southport Drive Morrisville, NC 27560 tel: 919.467.6200, fax: 919.467.5057 email: info@virtual-reality.com WWW: http://www.virtual-reality.com CGSD Corporation Builds high-performance custom visual simulation and VR systems. CONTACT: Roy Latham CGSD Corporation 2483 Old Middlefield Way, #140 Mountain View, CA 94043-2330 tel: 415.903.4922, fax: 415.967.5252 email: rlatham@cgsd.com WWW: http://www.cgsd.com David Sarnoff Research Center Developing an immersive three-screen rear-projection stereoscopic display for medical visualization, museums and science centers, and C3I. CONTACT: Jeffrey L. Posdamer David Sarnoff Research Center Visual Information Systems Research CN 5300 Princeton, NJ 08543-5300 tel: 609.734.2008, fax: 609.734.2662 Email: jposdamer@sarnoff.com Dodeca LLC Developer of the RoundAbout (TM) immersive imaging system providing live-action spherical videography for playback in a dome theater or HMD. Patented approach utilizes efficient pentagonal divisions of a spherical field of view. CONTACT: David McCutchen Dodeca LLC 2066 NW Irving St. Portland, OR 97209-1200 tel: 503.220.8558, fax: 503.220.8557 email: dodecallc@aol.com Electronic Visualization Laboratory University of Illinois at Chicago Pioneer of SIDs for VR applications. Developments include the CAVE (TM) virtual reality theater in 1992, the ImmersaDesk (TM) drafting-table format virtual prototyping device, and the NII/Wall, a large-screen stereo projection display suited for large audiences. CONTACT: Daniel J. Sandin Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago 851 S. Morgan St., Room 1120 Chicago, IL 60607-7053 tel: 312.996.3002, fax: 312.413.7585 email: sandin@eecs.uic.edu WWW: http://evlweb.eecs.uic.edu/ Evans & Sutherland, Inc. Products include Digistar¨ II, a calligraphic video projection system for planetaria, and StarRider (TM), a "fully interactive, full-color projection system that delivers high-quality, three-dimensional graphics for domed theater environments." Also manufactures domed simulators. CONTACT: Jayne Anderson Evans & Sutherland, Inc. 600 Komas Drive Salt Lake City, UT 84108 tel: 802.582.5847, fax: 802.582.5848 WWW: http://www.es.com Fakespace, Inc. The Immersive WorkBench, from Fakespace, Inc., available with DUO technology, is a virtual model display that supports natural interaction with computer-generated 3D imagery, and enables users to manipulate virtual objects in the same "hands-on" way they work with real objects on a desk or table. It has an adjustable viewing surface, from horizontal toward vertical, so that the reachable work area and viewing volume can be adjusted according to individual preferences. DUO-Dynamic Display System, which enables two simultaneous and individually head-tracked stereo pairs to be displayed on VMDs. With this Dual User Option (DUO), two people can now share a workspace, and collaborate within a virtual model space that is accurate for both users. Fakespace, Inc. 241 Polaris Avenue Mountain View, CA 94943 tel: 415.688.1940, fax: 415.688.1949 Email: info@fakespace.com WWW: http://www.fakespace.com FlightSafety International Manufactures the VITAL product line of visual simulation systems for flight simulators. CONTACT: Dan Myers FlightSafety International Visual Simulation Systems 5695 Campus Parkway St. Louis, MO 63042-2338 tel: 314.551.8502, fax: 314.551.8444 Email: myers@vss.fsi.com Flogiston Corporation Offers the flostation (TM), a specially equipped personal immersion reclining chair with a "bubble-hood" display, motion base, hand controller, and a six-channel sound/vibration system. Originally funded by NASA for training astronauts in EVA procedures. CONTACT: Brian Park Flogiston Corporation 16921 Crystal Cave Drive, Austin, TX 78737 tel: 512.894.0562/fax: 512.858.7287 Email: floman@eden.com WWW: http://www.flogiston.com Goto Optical Mfg. Co. Offers the Virtuarium (TM), a full-color CG dome projection system utilizing SGI's advanced computer graphics technology, NK-EXA's software integration technology, and Goto's specialized video projectors and dome engineering technology. CONTACT: Goto Optical Mfg. Co. 4-16 Yazaki-cho Fuchu-shi Tokyo 183 JAPAN tel: +81.423.62.5312, fax +81.423.61.9571 Email: info@goto.co.jp U.S. Rep. Kimberly Ayers tel: 415.599.9494 Email: ayers@goto.co.jp National University of Singapore Developed the Virtual Workbench consisting of a computer screen, stereo glasses, a mirror and 3D sensors. "The user looks into the mirror through the glasses and perceives the stereo virtual image within the work volume, where the sensor and hands lie." Direct interaction within the virtual volume is possible. CONTACT: Luis Serra National University of Singapore, Institute of Systems Science Kent Ridge, Singapore 119597 tel: 65.772.2014, fax: 65.774.4998 email: luis@iss.nus.sg WWW: http://ciemed.iss.nus.sg/people/luis/luis.html Panoram Technologies, Inc. Arrayed projection system, system design, GVR120 immersive visualization system for SGI Reality Centres(tm). CONTACT: Theo Mayer Panoram Technologies, Inc. 350 N. Glenoaks Blve., Suite 207 Burbank, CA 91502-1133 tel: 818.848.1614, fax: 818.848.2120 Email: TheoPTI@aol.com Pilkington Aerospace, Inc. Produces simulation visual display systems and related components including mirrors, back-projection screens, and beamsplitters. CONTACT: Kevin McGee Pilkington Aerospace, Inc. 12122 Western Avenue Garden Grove, CA 92641 tel: 714.893.7531, ext. 203 Pyramid Systems, Inc. Presentation display systems and advanced visualization displays including the CAVE(tm) and the ImmersaDesk(tm). Pyramid Systems, Inc. has the worldwide license from the University of Illinois" to market, install, integrate the CAVE(TM) and ImmersaDesk(TM) products. Pyramid Display Systems, Inc. 24477 West Ten Mile Road Southfield, MI 48034 tel: 1-248-356-2662, 1-800-846-2662 (USA), fax: 1-800-356-0063 Email: sales@pyramidvideo.com WWW: http://www.pyramidsystems.com SEOS Displays Limited Specializes in the design, production, sales and support of visual display systems. Products include multi-channel dome display systems and collimating projection displays. CONTACT: Barry Swainston SEOS Displays Limited Marchants Way, Burgess Hill West Sussex RH15 8QY ENGLAND tel: +44.1444.870.888, fax: +44.1444.870.777 American Sales Contact: John Anderson tel: 904.672.0202, fax: 904.672.5108 Silicon Graphics Computer Systems SGI's UK headquarters developed the Reality Centre (TM), a simulation center using a 150 degree FOV edge-blended display, digital multi-channel sound effects system (AudioWorks from Paradigm Simulation, Inc.), and a "Fly Chair" (controls by B.G. Systems). Also adapted as the Visionarium (TM) in Mountian View, CA. CONTACT: John Burwell Silicon Graphics Computer Systems 2011 N. Shoreline Blvd. Mountain View, CA 94043-1389 tel: 415.933.1743, fax: 415.964.8671 jburwell@sgi.com UK Contact: David Hughes, Reality Centre Manager tel: +44.1.734.306222 Email: davidh@reading.sgi.com WWW: http://www-europe.sgi.com/International/UK/centre Sogitec Industries - Division Electronique Manufactures simulator equipment including domes, target projectors, and head-slaved image projection systems. CONTACT: Joel Clairon Sogitec Industries - Division Electronique 4 rue Marcel Monge - Immeuble Nobel 92158 SURESNES Cedex, FRANCE tel: 33.1.4118.5731, fax: 33.1.4118.5718 U.S. Contact: tel: 201.261.6122, fax: 201.261.5258 Spitz, Inc. Spitz engineers and manufactures projection-based immersive visualization systems, cylindrical and dome screens, and related products. New products include ElectricSky (TM) immersive dome video theater, and ElectricHorizon (TM) partial immersion VR display, both based on Spitz's ImmersaVision (TM) format. CONTACT: Ed Lantz Spitz, Inc. U.S. Route #1 Chadds Ford, PA 19365 tel: 610.459.5200 x27, fax: 610.459.3830 Email: spitz@libertynet.org WWW: http://www.libertynet.org:80/~spitz STN ATALAS Elektronik GmbH The Simulation Division produces turn key simulation and visual systems and related software. CONTACT: Rainer Huelsz STN ATALAS Elektronik GmbH Sebaldsbruecker Heerstr. 235 D-28305 Bremen, Germany tel: +49.421.457.3326, fax: +49.421.457.3725 VRex, Inc Offers the VR Cove (TM), a three-screen rear-projection 3-D stereoscopic "Virtual Reality Command Visualization Environment." Uses an exclusive seamless screen design and provides a 180 degree field-of-view. CONTACT: Carl Tung VRex, Inc 8 Skyline Drive Hawthorne, NY 10532 tel: 914.345.8877, fax: 914.345.9558 WWW: http://www.vrex.com
Subject: -6- Alternative Displays Pocket Monitor Display: hand held, (Grey scale: 8 bit; monochrome: orange, lime white or custom; multi color: custom upon request) Image Display Module Size: 2.0" wide x 5.0" tall x 2.0" deep Video Input: VGA Weight: 8 oz. Price: Call for volume pricing Vendor: Liquid Image
Subject: -7- References (1996, August). Head-Mounted Display Survey. Real Time Grapics, 5(2), pp. 12. [annual special issue, 1995 issue available online, http://www.cgsd.com. (1996, October). Immersive & 3D Display Systems. VR News, 5(8), pp. 30-36. Bolas, M.T., McDowall, I.E., Mead, R.X., Lorimer, E.R. , Hackbush, J.E. and Greuel, C. (1995). Alternative display and interaction devices. In Proceedings of the SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems II, vol. 2409 (pp. 211-219). Bellingham, WA: SPIE. Hashimoto, Y. Yamamoto, M. Asaida, T. (1995, July). Cameras and display systems. In Proceedings of the IEEE. vol.83, no.7. pp. 1032-43. Hezel, P.J. and Veron, H. (1993). Head Mounted Displays for Virtual Reality. in Proceedings of Society for Information Display, 1993 International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers, Vol. XXIV. (p. 909-911). Playa del Rey, CA: Society for Information Display Melzer, J.E. and Moffitt, K. W. (1997). Head-Mounted Displays: Designing for the User. New York,NY: McGraw Hill. Wells, M. J. and Haas, M. (1992). The Human Factors of Helmet-Mounted Displays and Sights. In M. Karim (Ed.), Electro-Optical Displays . (pp. 743-785). New York: Marcel Dekker. Wickens, C. D., Todd, S. and Seidler, K. (1989). Three-Dimensional Displays: Perception, Implementation, Applications. (CSERIAC SOAR-89-01). Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: CSERIAC. Youngblut, C., Johnson, R.E., Nash, S.H., Wienclaw, R. and Will, C.A. (1996). Review of Virtual Environment Interface Technology, IDA Paper P-3186. Alexandria, VA: IDA.
Subject: -8- WWW sites, Conferences, Societies 3D Stereoscopic Video Display Systems Project <http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/sensor-9/ftp/www/homepage.html> Stereoscopic 3D Home Page [stereo 3d, games, shutterglasses] <http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/bungert/> CHI Workshop On Research Issues In Wearable Computers, March 23,24, Atlanta, GA <http://wearables.www.media.mit.edu/projects/wearables/chi.html> EiNet GALAXY, Optics and Photonics <http://www.einet.net/galaxy/Science/Physics/Optics-and-Photonics.html> IDRC '97 - September 15-19, 1997 Toronto, Canada <http://www.sid.org/idrc97cl.html> International Symposium on Wearable Computers, October 13 - 14, Cambridge, Massachusetts USA <http://mime1.marc.gatech.edu/wearcon/> MIT's Wearable Computing Web Page: <http://wearables.www.media.mit.edu/projects/wearables/> Optical Society of America, 2010 Massachusettes Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036-1023. OpticsNet - Optics and photonics research, applications, and industry news. <http://www.osa.org/> Society of Information Display <http://www.sid.org/> SID Symposium '97 - May 11-16, 1997, Boston, MA <http://www.sid.org/conf.html> SPIE -The International Society for Optical Engineering <http://www.spie.org> * 1997 conference review: http://info.curtin.edu.au/~iwoodsa/spie97 * 1996 conference review: http://info.curtin.edu.au/~iwoodsa/spie96 * Listing of all Stereoscopic Displays and Applications conference proceedings: http://info.curtin.edu.au/~iwoodsa/stereoscopic/proc Vision Science: The Virtual Library <http://vision.arc.nasa.gov/VisionScience/VisionScience.html> Yahoo Science: Engineering: Optical Engineering <http://www.yahoo.com/Science/Engineering/Optical_Engineering/> SPIE conferences are identified by volume number, below are some relevant conferences: *volume 1988 - Display Systems: High-Resolution and Large Screen Displays and Helmet, Head-Up, and Head-Down Displays (C T Bartlett/M D Cowan) *volume 2218 Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays and Symbology Design Requirements (R J Lewandowski/W Stephens/L A Haworth) 382pg/38pp, (Jun 1994) *volume 2465 Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays and Symbology Design Requirements II (R J Lewandowski/W Stephens/L A Haworth) 308pg/28pp, (May 1995) *volume 1695 Helmet-Mounted Displays III (T M Lippert) 190pg/21pp, (Oct 1992) *volume 1457 Stereoscopic Displays and Applications II (J O Merritt/S S Fisher) 356pg/36pp, (Aug 1991) *volume 1669 Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III (J O Merritt/S S FIsher) 280pg/28pp, (Jun 1992) *volume 1915 Stereoscopic Displays and Applications IV (J O Merritt/S S Fisher) 194pg/20pp, (Sep 1993) *volume 2177 Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems (S S Fisher/J O Merritt/M T Bolas) 428pg/47pp, (Apr 1994) *volume 2409 Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems II (S S Fisher/J O Merritt/M T Bolas) 320pg/37pp, (Mar 1995) *volume 2653 Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems III (S S Fisher/J O Merritt/M T Bolas) pg/47pp, (May 1996)
Subject: -9- Credits This FAQ was prepared by Toni Emerson, temerson@hitl.washington.edu <http://www.hitl.washington.edu/pub/people/diderot/> Special thanks and credit goes to Ed Lanz of Spitz for his list of SIDs and William Sherman for actually reading (and giving valuable input) to this FAQ. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Last-modified: 07/18/97 copyright 1995, 1996, 1997 Human Interface Technology Laboratory

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