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RED DWARF Frequently Asked Questions List (FAQ)

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Archive-name: tv/red-dwarf/faq
Posting-Frequency: every 30 days
Last-modified: 2000/06/01
Version: 5.36
Copyright: (C) 1993-2000 Patrick M. Berry

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                                  RED DWARF
                    Frequently Asked Questions List (FAQ)

              Maintained by Patrick M. Berry (
                            Updated 10 April 2000

Welcome! This is the FAQ List for, the newsgroup dedicated
to discussion of the British science-fiction comedy TV series Red Dwarf.

What's new

Recent changes:

    * Added source for videos in Canada (thanks to Veronica Lam)
    * Updated book listing for The Official Red Dwarf Companion (thanks to
      Veronica Lam)
    * Updated URL for script of first U.S. pilot
    * Updated contact information and dues for the Official Red Dwarf Fan
      Club (thanks to the club itself for the corrections)
    * Updated "Who is Grant Naylor?" (thanks to the Official Fan Club)
    * Updated "Was Red Dwarf remastered?" (thanks to the Official Fan Club)
    * Deleted reference to the never-released video The Making of Red Dwarf
      (thanks to the Official Fan Club)
    * Updated contact information for Network Ltd and Alchemy Carta Ltd
      (thanks to the Official Fan Club)
    * Modified wording of Was Craig Charles arrested for rape? (thanks to
      the Official Fan Club)
    * Removed spoiler protection from What's new in Series 8? (thanks to the
      Official Fan Club for the suggestion)
    * Updated description of the Red Dwarf Documents Guide (thanks to Tafka)

Where to find the latest FAQ List

You can obtain the current FAQ List by several methods:

World Wide Web: The HTML version (which is updated continually) resides at

Usenet: A plain-text version is created from the HTML on the first of each
month. The current plain-text version is posted every 30 days to, alt.answers, and news.answers.

FAQ archive: The most recently posted plain-text version is archived at:

E-mail: You can request a copy of the archived version by e-mail. Send a
message to with the following as the body of the

send /pub/usenet/news.answers/tv/red-dwarf/faq

Please don't ask me to mail you the FAQ List. You should have no trouble
obtaining it from one of the sources listed above, and I don't have time to
mail a copy to everyone who wants one.

The knowledge collected in this FAQ is not the product of one person's
wisdom. It is a product of the group discussion process. If your question
isn't answered here, the FAQ maintainer probably doesn't know the answer.
For best results, ask your question in the newsgroup. It's
better to give your question exposure to multiple people who might know the
answer than to ask only one person who almost certainly doesn't.


Compilation Copyright (C) 1993-2000 by Patrick M. Berry. Copies of this
document may be transmitted by electronic mail or posted to Usenet
newsgroups. This document may not be mirrored or archived on World Wide Web
sites (except for those that automatically archive postings in the
*.answers newsgroups), or published in any permanent form (such as books,
magazines, or CD-ROMs) without the express written permission of the
copyright holder.

This FAQ List was originally created by Michael J. Montoure and Renee Ann


The questions

What is
What is Red Dwarf?
Did Red Dwarf start on radio?
Is there an American version of Red Dwarf?
Who is Grant Naylor?
What does "smeg" mean?
What does "LEVEL NIVELO" mean?
What is "vindaloo"?
What are the other foods mentioned on the show?
Aren't there a lot of inconsistencies in Red Dwarf?
How did Holly become female? Why did Kryten change?
What happened to the Red Dwarf and Holly?
What's the title of the last episode of Series 2?
What are they really saying in "Backwards?"
What's in canister 1121?
Who played Baby Lister in "Ouroboros"?
What are the Space Corps Directives?
Are there aliens in Red Dwarf?
What are the lyrics of the theme song?
What are the lyrics of "Tongue Tied"?
What are the lyrics of the Rimmer Munchkin Song?
Was Red Dwarf remastered?
What was "Red Dwarf Night"?
What's new in Series 8?
Is a Red Dwarf movie in the works?
Will there be a Series 9?
What happened to Rimmer? How is Kochanski alive, and why does she look
Where can I see Red Dwarf in the United States?
Where can I get videotapes of Red Dwarf?
What are the "Smeg Ups" and "Smeg Outs" tapes?
Where can I get other Red Dwarf merchandise?
Is there an episode guide for Red Dwarf?
What other Red Dwarf documents are available online?
Where can I write to the cast and crew of the show?
Was Craig Charles arrested for rape?
Are there books about Red Dwarf?
Are there Red Dwarf fan clubs?
Are there IRC channels for Red Dwarf fans?
Are there Red Dwarf mailing lists?
Are there Red Dwarf magazines?
Has Red Dwarf won any awards?
What other roles have Red Dwarf actors played?
Would anyone like any toast?


What is is a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion of Red

There is a Web page for readers of the newsgroup at

Warning: Read the Primer before posting to the newsgroup!
The Primer explains how the newsgroup works and provides some informal
rules. Everyone who posts to is assumed to be familiar
with the Primer, and people who don't bother to read it tend to get yelled
at. So take a few moments to look it over.


What is Red Dwarf?

Red Dwarf is a British TV show that has been airing on the BBC since 1988.
It's a half-hour science fiction comedy that tells the story of the last
living human being and his nonhuman companions in the distant future. The
premise of the show is best summed up in the opening narration (by Holly,
the ship's computer) used in the first series:

      This is an S.O.S. distress call from the mining ship Red Dwarf.
      The crew are dead, killed by a radiation leak. The only survivors
      are Dave Lister, who was in suspended animation during the
      disaster, and his pregnant cat, who was safely sealed in the
      hold. Revived three million years later, Lister's only companions
      are a life-form who evolved from his cat, and Arnold Rimmer, a
      hologram simulation of one of the dead crew.

Accompanied by the Cat, Rimmer, Holly, and an android named Kryten, Lister
pursues his dream of returning to Earth and settling down with his
long-lost girlfriend. Along the way, he encounters parallel universes, time
warps, genetic mutants, holes in space, and a moon shaped like Felicity
Kendal's bottom.

The regular cast of the series is:

  Dave Lister        Craig Charles
  Arnold Rimmer      Chris Barrie

  Holly              Norman Lovett (Series 1, 2, 7, 8)
                     Hattie Hayridge (Series 3-5)
  The Cat            Danny John-Jules
  Kryten             Robert Llewellyn (Series 3-8)
  Kristine Kochanski Chloe Annett (Series 7-8)

Red Dwarf is also a series of novels based on the TV show. The novels
greatly expand on, and are greatly different from, the show. Many of the
same ideas appear in the novels, but these ideas are put together in new
and interesting ways. Four novels have been published so far:

Red Dwarf: Infinity Welcomes Careful Drivers
by Grant Naylor
ISBN 0-14-012437-3
Penguin, 1989

Red Dwarf: Better Than Life
by Grant Naylor
ISBN 0-14-012438-1
Penguin, 1990

Red Dwarf: Last Human
by Doug Naylor
ISBN 0-67-085255-4
Penguin, 1995

Red Dwarf: Backwards
by Robert Grant
ISBN 0-670-84574-4
Penguin, 1996

The first two novels have been reprinted in a single volume:

Red Dwarf Omnibus
by Grant Naylor
ISBN 0-14-017466-4
Penguin, 1991

This combined rerelease also contains the script for "Dave Hollins, Space
Cadet" (one of the Son of Clich=E9 sketches that started it all), a
reproduction of the beer mat on which the idea for Red Dwarf was allegedly
first written, and the original script for "The End" (the first episode of
the series).


Did Red Dwarf start on radio?

Not exactly. Rob Grant and Doug Naylor wrote the short-lived radio series
Son of Clich=E9 (broadcast in two six-episode runs on BBC Radio 4 in 1984).
In an ongoing series of sketches, a space cadet named Dave Hollins was
trapped alone on a spaceship with a slightly senile computer called HAB.
(The voice of HAB was provided by Chris Barrie, the actor who plays Rimmer
in Red Dwarf.) Many of the ideas and jokes from these sketches were later
incorporated into Red Dwarf, but there is no direct connection.

The script for one of the "Dave Hollins, Space Cadet" sketches is included
in the Red Dwarf Omnibus.

Audio book versions of the Red Dwarf novels exist, and one of them
(Infinity Welcomes Careful Drivers, read by Chris Barrie) has been aired on
BBC radio. Sound effects were added and the recording was divided into
parts for broadcast, but the show was otherwise identical to the audio
book. The result is available for purchase as Infinity Welcomes Careful
Drivers: The Radio Show.


Is there an American version of Red Dwarf?

No, not really. The NBC network expressed interest in an American version
of the show and two pilots were made by Universal, but no series was ever

The first pilot was written by Linwood Boomer and filmed on 22 January 1992
at Universal City Studios in Los Angeles. The cast included the following

  Dave Lister          Craig Bierko
  Arnold Rimmer        Chris Eigeman
  Holly                Jane Leeves
  The Cat              Hinton Battle
  Kryten               Robert Llewellyn
  Kristine Kochanski   Elizabeth Morehead
  First Officer Munson Michael Heintzman
  Captain Tau          Lorraine Toussaint

Grant Naylor served as technical consultants. Robert Llewellyn (from the
BBC cast) reprised his role as Kryten. The plot was a retelling of "The
End", with some elements of "Future Echoes" thrown in for good measure.
Some surprising and odd changes were made: Lister was transformed into a
clean-cut and well-dressed Caucasian, and the H on Rimmer's forehead was
replaced with a silver marble. (You can see a transcription of the first
pilot at

After this version was rejected, Grant Naylor filmed a second pilot with
the following cast:

  Dave Lister   Craig Bierko
  Arnold Rimmer Anthony Fuscle
  Holly         Jane Leeves
  The Cat       Terry Farrell
  Kryten        Robert Llewellyn

The second pilot was not a complete episode, but rather a promo that
combined scenes from the first pilot, bits from the BBC series, and newly
filmed segments spotlighting the new cast members. This pilot fixed some
problems (such as restoring Rimmer's H), but had more odd changes, such as
a female Cat. (Terry Farrell went on to play Jadzia Dax on Star Trek: Deep
Space Nine.) The second pilot was also rejected, and the proposed series
was shelved indefinitely.

[Does anyone know who wrote the second pilot, or when and where it was
filmed? -- PMB]

Neither pilot has ever been aired or released on videocassette, but bootleg
copies can be found at science fiction conventions.

A redesigned Kryten suit (of somewhat better quality than the old BBC
version) was made for the U.S. pilots by Joseph Kerezman and Mike Moore of
JK2 Costumers. After the pilots were rejected, the BBC created a new Kryten
suit (based on the U.S. one) for Series 6.


Who is Grant Naylor?

"Grant Naylor" is the collective name used by the creative team of Rob
Grant and Doug Naylor, who created Red Dwarf, wrote and produced Series 1
through 6, and wrote (individually or as a team) all of the Red Dwarf

In 1996, Rob Grant resigned as coproducer and cowriter of the show. When
asked why, he told the Radio Times, "We wrote the pilot for the series in
1983 . . . It's been a long time and it's taken up a lot of time . . . I
thought, 'Enough's enough; I want more than just Red Dwarf on my

Grant has since written a new science fiction comedy for Sky One called The
Strangerers. The show premiered in the UK in February 2000 and chronicles
"an attempted invasion of Earth by utterly incompetent aliens". He also
wrote a special 5-part "millennium sitcom" called Dark Ages for ITV. Grant
has no plans to write any more Red Dwarf.

The "About the Author" note in the first two Red Dwarf novels has this to
say about the creator(s) of the series:

      Grant Naylor is a gestalt entity occupying two bodies, one of
      which lives in north London, the other in south London. The
      product of a horribly botched genetic-engineering experiment,
      which took place in Manchester in the late fifties, they try to
      eke out two existences with only one mind. They attended the same
      school and the same university, but, for tax reasons, have
      completely different wives.

      The first body is called Rob Grant, the second Doug Naylor. Among
      other things, they spent three years in the mid-eighties as head
      writers of Spitting Image; wrote Radio Four's award-winning
      series Son of Cliche; penned the lyrics to a number one single;
      and created and wrote Red Dwarf for BBC television.

      They have made a living variously by being ice-cream salesmen,
      shoe-shop assistants and by attempting to sell dodgy
      life-assurance policies to close friends. They also spent almost
      two years on the night shift loading paper into computer printers
      at a mail-order factory in Ardwick. They can still taste the
      cheese 'n' onion toasties.

      Their favourite colour is orange.

Grant Naylor's number one single was "The Chicken Song," a Spitting Image
spinoff. Philip Pope composed the music and produced the record, which was
released in 1986 by Virgin Records.


What does "smeg" mean?

It's a word made up by Grant Naylor for the characters to use as an
all-purpose profanity. Some fans have theorised that it was derived from
"smegma" (a particularly unpleasant bodily secretion), but Rob and Doug
deny this. In the interview on the CD included with the Six of the Best box
set, they state that "we wanted to invent a futuristic curse word which had
the right sort of consonant and vowel arrangement to make it sound like a
genuine . . . curse word." In an online chat session, Doug Naylor said "I
think it's Latin for clean, also there's an Italian washing machine company
called Smeg. Also each of the letters S-M-E-G stand for smelting metal and
something to do with the washing machine process." A detailed list of
"smeg" references in the show is available at


What does "LEVEL NIVELO" mean?

Red Dwarf is a bilingual ship, with English and Esperanto as the two
official languages. "Nivelo" is the Esperanto word for "level". The signs
in the corridors of the ship simply indicate (in both languages) what level
you're on.

Esperanto is a real language, developed in the the 1880s by Polish
ophthalmologist L.L. Zamenhof. The episode "Kryten" establishes that
Lister, Holly, and Kryten all speak at least some Esperanto. Rimmer doesn't
seem to have mastered the language yet; he's shown trying to learn it from
a videotape without much success.

The name "Esperanto" means "one who hopes," a fact that is alluded to in
"Back to Reality." (It's a blatant clue, innit?) If you would like to know
more about the language, is a good place to start.


What is "vindaloo"?

A very, very hot Indian curry dish that happens to be Lister's favorite
food. Vindaloo can contain almost any sort of meat, so there are references
to "mutton vindaloo," "chicken vindaloo," etc., in various episodes of the


What are the other foods mentioned on the show?

Denis Cage has compiled the Red Dwarf Food and Drink Guide, an extensive
guide to every dish and beverage mentioned on the show or in the novels.
You can find the Guide at

Aren't there a lot of inconsistencies in Red Dwarf?

Many viewers have noticed that the details don't always match between one
episode and another. The subject even comes up on the "Smeg Ups" tape when
Kryten reads the Most Asked Questions About Red Dwarf, most of which have
to do with one inconsistency or another. Annette McIntosh and Damone have
compiled an exhaustive list of inconsistencies and contradictions within
the TV series. This document is called the Red Dwarf Plot Inconsistencies
Project (PIP) and can be found at

Annette McIntosh maintains a similar document, the Red Dwarf Book Plot
Inconsistencies Project (BPIP), which lists inconsistencies within the
series of Red Dwarf novels:


How did Holly become female? Why did Kryten change?

The original actor to play Holly, Norman Lovett, left the series after a
dispute over his salary. In an interview with Red Dwarf Smegazine (issue 9,
November 1992), Lovett said that he asked to be paid the same as the other
actors on the series, but his request was turned down. Hattie Hayridge had
appeared in "Parallel Universe" as Hilly, Holly's female counterpart. "When
Norman said he wasn't doing another series, I auditioned," she recalls. The
character of Holly kept the same name and personality despite the

Kryten's original actor, David Ross, wasn't available to commit to a series
when Grant Naylor decided to make Kryten a continuing character, so he was
replaced by Robert Llewellyn. (Ross later returned in "White Hole" as the
new voice of Talkie Toaster.) There were also several changes in the show's
look between Series Two and Three, including changes in costumes, sets, and
miniatures, particularly the addition of the Starbug and its hangar bay.

Most of these changes are more or less explained by the following words
that scroll rapidly up the screen at the beginning of "Backwards":

      Three million years in the future, Dave Lister, the last human
      being alive, discovers he is pregnant after a liaison with his
      female self in a parallel universe. His pregnancy concludes with
      the successful delivery of twin boys, Jim and Bexley. However,
      because the boys were conceived in another universe, with
      different physical laws, they suffer from highly accelerated
      growth rates and are both eighteen years old within three days of
      being born. In order to save their lives, Lister returns them to
      the universe of their origin, where they are reunited with their
      father (a woman), and are able to lead comparatively normal
      lives. Well, as normal as you can be if you've been born in a
      parallel universe and your father's a woman and your mother's a
      man and you're eighteen years old three days after your birth.
      Shortly afterward, Kryten, the service mechanoid, who had left
      the ship after being rescued from his own crashed vessel, the
      Nova 5, is found in pieces after his space bike crashed into an
      asteroid. Lister rebuilds the 'noid, but is unable to recapture
      his former personality. Meanwhile, Holly, the increasingly
      erratic computer, performs a head sex change operation on
      himself. He bases his new face on Hilly, a female computer with
      whom he'd once fallen madly in love.

It is possible to read all this, if you have a VCR with good freeze-frame
capabilities. Try it.


What happened to the Red Dwarf and Holly?

Throughout Series 6 and 7, the characters travel aboard Starbug; the Red
Dwarf and Holly don't appear at all. This tends to confuse viewers who
missed the explanation in "Psirens".

Briefly, what happened is this: Lister parked the Red Dwarf in orbit around
a planetoid, and then forgot which planetoid it was. "They're all the same,
those little blue-green planetoids. Blue-green and planetoidy."
Subsequently, Red Dwarf was stolen "by persons or lifeforms unknown."
Starbug followed the ship's vapor trail for over 200 years, with Lister and
the Cat in deep sleep and Rimmer switched off to conserve power. At the
first opportunity to actually catch up with Red Dwarf, Kryten revives the
others, and the saga continued . . .

The real reason for the change was to eliminate Holly from the show.
According to Hattie Hayridge, the parts for both Holly and the Cat had been
getting smaller. Grant Naylor decided to drop one of the characters and
expand the other. It was easier to drop Holly because many of her lines
could be given to Kryten instead.

In "Nanarchy," Starbug finally catches up to Red Dwarf, and Norman Lovett
returns to the show as Holly.


What's the title of the last episode of Series 2?

"Parallel Universe," according to the Radio Times and the BBC videotape. No
title was given in the episode, which began with a musical number instead
of the usual titles sequence. The title does appear on screen in the BBC
videotape (and is on the label as well).


What are they really saying in "Backwards"?

Most of the reversed dialogue in the episode "Backwards" is pretty much
either what the subtitles say it is or what you'd expect from context; some
of it actually appears to be random noise. There are two notable
exceptions, however.

When Lister and the Cat steal a bicycle, its owner yells after them, "You
scoundrels! Return my bike immediately!" -- at least, according to the
subtitles. What he actually says, however, is, "Oi! Hey! Oi, you robbing
bastards, that's our tandem!"

Later, when the stage manager comes in to yell at Rimmer and Kryten, he
appears to be blaming them for starting the fight. Here's what he actually

      You are a stupid, square-headed, bald git, aren't you? Eh? I'm
      pointing at you, I'm pointing at you. But I'm not actually
      addressing you. I'm addressing the one prat in the country who's
      bothered to get hold of this recording, turn it round, and
      actually work out the rubbish that I'm saying. What a poor, sad
      life he's got! . . . Frankly, your act's crap. Anyway, anybody
      could have done it. I hate the lot of you. Bollocks to you!


What's in canister 1121?

According to the Red Dwarf Quiz Book, it's the remains of Kristine
Kochanski. When Lister comes back to life on the backwards Earth, he
discovers that he's married to an elderly version of Kochanski. Presumably,
treating the canister with gamma and X rays was part of Holly's plan for
restoring her to life along with Lister. (If none of this makes any sense
to you, you haven't read the ending of the novel Better Than Life.)

The original script for "The End" included a scene (cut from the final
version) in which Lister placed the powdered remains of each crewmember in
a separate canister and ejected them all into space (and this is done with
George McIntyre's remains in the aired version). It's reasonable to
conclude that Lister did this, although nothing is said about it in either
the episode or the novel. The number of canisters floating in space
("something in the region of ten thousand") is consistent with the size of
the crew given in Infinity Welcomes Careful Drivers ("eleven thousand, one
hundred and sixty-nine").


Who played Baby Lister in "Ouroboros"?

Alexander John-Jules, Danny's nephew. When asked about this, Danny said:
"When we saw the baby who was supposed to be playing Lister, we all
realised that he was too dark to be a believable Lister, so I said 'My
nephew looks a lot like Lister,' and that's how he got the job."


What are the Space Corps Directives?

Charles Daniels has collected all of the SCDs, Rimmer Directives, and All
Nations Agreements into a comprehensive list:


Are there aliens in Red Dwarf?

No. One of the premises of the show is that life never evolved anywhere in
the universe except on Earth. All of the creatures encountered by Red
Dwarf's crew -- GELFs, simulants, space weevils, polymorphs, you name it --
are descended from life forms that originated on Earth. For an in-depth
discussion of this issue, refer to Annette Mcintosh's No Aliens FAQ at


What are the lyrics of the theme song?

The theme song was composed by Howard Goodall and sung by Jenna Russell.
The words are:

      It's cold outside, there's no kind of atmosphere
      I'm all alone, more or less
      Let me fly far away from here
      Fun, fun, fun in the sun, sun, sun

      I want to lie shipwrecked and comatose
      Drinking fresh mango juice
      Goldfish shoals nibbling at my toes
      Fun, fun, fun in the sun, sun, sun
      Fun, fun, fun in the sun, sun, sun

There has been much debate over the "goldfish" line -- it isn't sung very
clearly, and some fans think they hear "Goldfish are nibbling." But Kryten
recites the lyrics in the "Smeg Ups" video, and they are as listed above.
(A "shoal" is a school of fish.)

An "extended mix" version of the song has been released on several
soundtrack compilation CDs:

    * Between the Lines, a collection of BBC themes
    * The Cult Files, a collection of science fiction themes
    * Stellar Themes, which has been given away as a subscription premium
      for the magazine Sci-Fi Universe

The extended version includes two extra verses written by percussionist Ian
Hu (who apparently is not connected with Red Dwarf). The additional verses
are as follows:

      I'll pack my bags and head into hyperspace
      Where I'll succeed at time-warp speed
      Spend my days in ultraviolet rays
      Fun, fun, fun in the sun, sun, sun

      We'll lock on course straight through the universe
      You and me and the galaxy
      Reach the stage where hyperdrive's engaged
      Fun, fun, fun in the sun, sun, sun
      Fun, fun, fun in the sun, sun, sun


What are the lyrics of "Tongue Tied"?

"Parallel Universe" begins with a musical number that turns out to be one
of the Cat's dreams. The studio audience's laughter makes the lyrics a
little hard to understand, but here's what they appear to be:

The Cat:                                       Lister and Rimmer:

When I saw you for the first time             (first time)
My knees began to quiver                      (quiver)
And I got a funny feeling                     (feeling)
In my kidneys and my liver                    (digestive system baby)

My hands they started shakin'                 (shakin')
My heart began a-thumpin'                     (boom boom boom)
My breakfast left my body                     (huey huey huey)
It all really tells me something

Girl you make me tongue tied                  (tongue tied)
Tongue tied, whenever you are near me         (near me)
Tied tongue                                   (tied tongue)
Tied tongue                                   (tied tongue)
Whenever you're in town

I saw you 'cross the dance floor              (dancin')
I thought of birds and bees                   (reproductive system baby)
And when I tried to speak to ya               (talk talk)
My tongue unraveled to my knees               (flippety-flippety-flop)

I tried to say I love you                     (love you)
But it came out kind of wrong, girl           (wrong girl)
It sounded like "Nunubididoo"                 (tongue tied)
Nuh mur nuh murh ni nong nurl

'Cause you make me tongue tied                (tongue tied)
Tongue tied, whenever you are near me         (near me)
Be-dobby-durgle                               (dobby-durgle)
Tongue tied                                   (tongue tied)
Whenever you're around

Oh I'm beggin' on my knees
Sweet, sweet darling, listen please
Understand me when I say

I'm trying to say nungy-nangy                 (nangy-nungy)
Ningy-nongy, why can't I tell you clearly     (clearly)
Be-dobby-durgle                               (dobby-durgle)
Durgle-dobby                                  (durgle-dobby)
Whenever you're around                        (around)
Whenever you're around                        (around)

In the fall of 1993, "Tongue Tied" was released as a single in England and
rose to #17 on the CIN Official UK Singles Chart. The artist was listed
simply as "The Cat." A music video of "Tongue Tied" was reportedly shown on
the Top of the Pops show in England and on MTV in the States. Copies of the
video (and a half-hour program on the making of the video) are available
from John McElroy. An alternative version of the video can be found on the
"Smeg Outs" videotape.


What are the lyrics of the Rimmer Munchkin Song?

The song from The Rimmer Experience at the end of "Blue" has the following

      If you're in trouble, he will save the day
      He's brave and he's fearless, come what may
      Without him, the mission would go astray
      He's Arnold, Arnold, Arnold Rimmer

      Without him, life would be much grimmer
      He's handsome, trim, and no one's slimmer
      He will never need a Zimmer
      He's Arnold, Arnold, Arnold Rimmer

      More reliable than a garden Strimmer
      He's never been mistaken for Yul Brynner
      He's not bald and his head doesn't glimmer

      Master of the wit and the repartee
      His command of space directives is uncanny
      How come he's such a genius? Don't ask me
      Ask Arnold, Arnold, Arnold Rimmer

      He's also a fantastic swimmer
      And if you play your cards right, then he just might come round
      for dinner

      [Xtended version only:]

      He's Arnold, Arnold, Arnold Rimmer
      No rhymes left now apart from quimmer
      We hope they fade us out before we get to schwimmer
      Fade out you stupid plimmer

The final verse is heard only in the longer version of the song included in
the "Red Dwarf VII Xtended" video.

"Zimmer" is short for Zimmerframe, a walking frame for elderly or disabled
people. It's mentioned in "Emohawk: Polymorph II" when Lister emphasises
the slowness of Starbug by saying "Kryten, the Eastbourne Zimmerframe relay
team could easily outrun us."

"Strimmer" is U.K. slang for a weed trimmer that uses a spinning length of
monofilament line. (In the U.S., it would be called a "weed eater" or "weed

Yul Brynner was the actor best known for playing King Mongkut of Siam in
The King and I, a role for which he shaved his head.


Was Red Dwarf remastered?

Yes, it was. Series 1-3 received a Star Wars-style makeover in 1998 to
update the visuals and make the show more consistent. (Remastering of
Series 4-6 is expected at some point in the future.) Doug Naylor explained:

      We're basically remastering the whole of the first six series for
      BBC Worldwide (the video company) who feel that they would be
      able to sell it more easily in Europe and America if there was a
      more unified look and feel to the whole of the series. What this
      means is . . . consistent opening titles; it means that in places
      we can replace and improve the model shots.

The remastering project included the following changes:

    * The soundtrack was replaced with a new digital master.
    * Most of the special effects shots were scrapped and re-filmed.
      Computer-generated graphics replaced some of the model shots.
    * Red Dwarf has a slightly different look (more elongated and detailed).
    * Blue Midget (the smaller vessel used in Series 1-3) has a radically
      different look: it has legs (like Starbug's) that give it a spidery
      appearance, but Blue Midget can actually walk on them. (The new and
      improved Blue Midget plays a major role in Series 8.)
    * All of Norman Lovett's Holly footage from Series 1 and 2 was
    * A consistent set of opening titles is used in all episodes.


What was "Red Dwarf Night"?

Saturday, 14 February 1998, was the tenth anniversary of the first airing
of "The End." To celebrate, BBC 2 aired a special night of Red
Dwarf-related programming hosted by Patrick Stewart:

    * "Can't Smeg, Won't Smeg": A special edition of the BBC show "Can't
      Cook, Won't Cook," featuring the Red Dwarf cast.
    * Red Dwarf Smeg Ups: A selection from the "Smeg Ups" and "Smeg Outs"
      videos, with new introductions.
    * "Universe Challenge": A special fans-versus-cast version of the BBC
      quiz show University Challenge, hosted by Bamber Gascgoigne. (The fans
    * "Red Dwarf A to Z": A clip from the show for every letter in the
      alphabet, introduced by various celebrities. "R" (for Remastered) was
      a sample the Red Dwarf Special Edition, with the new Blue Midget.
    * "Gunmen of the Apocalypse": The classic episode.

"Red Dwarf Night" has not been released on videocassette, but some video
bootleggers have tapes of it. Try the Dealers' Room at any sizable science
fiction convention.


What's new in Series 8?

Series 8 has the following notable characteristics:

    * Like Series 7, it has eight episodes. (For titles, see "Is there an
      episode guide for Red Dwarf?")
    * The scripts are by Doug Naylor and Paul Alexander.
    * The entire cast returned for all eight episodes, including Chris
      Barrie, Chloe Annett, and Norman Lovett.
    * Blue Midget has a new look (see "Is Red Dwarf being remastered?").
    * Some portions of Series 8 were recorded with a live audience.
    * The nanobots have not only recreated Red Dwarf, they have also
      populated the ship with its old crew (including the original
      non-hologram version of Rimmer, but not the original Kochanski).
    * Mac McDonald returns as Captain Hollister. Crew members Selby and Chen
      are played by Paul Bradley and David Gillespie.
    * The skutters also return. In fact, new skutter models were built for
      Series 8.


Is a Red Dwarf movie in the works?

Yes, at least one. With Series 8 out of the way, Doug Naylor should be
starting work on the script sometime soon. The movie has a budget of 15
million pounds. Ed Bye will direct. Robert Llewellyn writes: "The
situation, as far as I know, is that we are shooting the movie in the
spring of 2000 for release in 2001. It will be shot in the UK and feature
the original cast, plus some 'names' from America in special guest roles."
If the first film does well, others will likely be made.


Will there be a Series 9?

Possibly. Robert Llewellyn writes: "As for the hundreds of e-mails I've had
asking if there's going to be a series IX (9) all I can say is the BBC are
very keen for there to be one. Only yesterday I heard it from the woman who
is the head of the Independent commissioning group, it's down to the
wonderfully talented Mr Doug Naylor to sit down and write them. But he's
about to start writing Red Dwarf, The Movie. So who knows!"


What happened to Rimmer? How is Kochanski alive, and why does she look

In Series 7, schedule conflicts made it impossible to film more than four
episodes with both Craig Charles and Chris Barrie. Since Lister is the
central character of the show, the decision was made to do four episodes
without Rimmer. Rimmer appears as usual in "Tikka to Ride," departs in
"Stoke Me a Clipper," and appears in "Ouroboros" and "Blue" only as a
flashback or a virtual reality simulation. However, the character returns
in Series 8.

The original Kristine Kochanski, played by C.P. Grogan, is still dead. The
Kochanski played by Chloe Annett is from a parallel universe -- one in
which she, not Lister, was put in stasis for hiding a cat from the Captain.
She joined the crew in "OUROBOROS", at which point the character was


Where can I see Red Dwarf in the United States?

Red Dwarf is seen on public television stations across the country. If your
local PBS station doesn't show it, write to them, and convince your friends
to write to them, until they do! Series 1-8 are available for purchase by
PBS member stations.

If you don't know whether Red Dwarf is currently being shown in your area,
check the listings in TV Guide or your local newspaper. To find out whether
your local PBS station is planning to carry Red Dwarf in the future,
contact them directly. Use the PBS Web site at
to see whether your station has an e-mail address, or call them on the

You can also check the Red Dwarf Viewer's Channel Guide, a Web page that
lists stations carrying the show. It's at


Where can I get videotapes of Red Dwarf?

The alt.comedy.british FAQ List includes an excellent list of mail-order
dealers who will ship British comedy videotapes to overseas customers.
Refer to

Videotapes of Series 1 through 7 are available at video stores in the U.S.
but have been withdrawn in the U.K. Series 8 will be available on video in
the U.S. on 31 August. A new videocassette, "Red Dwarf VII Xtended," has
been released in the U.K. This video includes the original uncut versions
of "Tikka to Ride," "Ouroboros," and "Duct Soup," plus some outtakes from
Series 7 and a longer version of the Rimmer Munchkin Song from "Blue."

A video of "Tongue-Tied" (the song from "Parallel Universe," re-staged and
expanded) also exists.

In the U.S., the videos can be found at Suncoast and Media Play stores.
They have also been seen at Tower Records, Borders, and Virgin Megastores.
Series 1-6 and "Smeg Ups" are available from Science Fiction Continuum (see
their Web site at Series 1-6 and both
"Smeg Ups" and "Smeg Outs"are available from Video Online Express

In Canada, the videos can be ordered from

In Australia, all episodes are available from ABC stores (along with RD
books and audio books).

In the Netherlands, you can get them from W.H. Smith stores.

In Sweden, Series 1-6 are available from the following sources:

Stora Nygatan 45
111 27 Stockholm
Telephone: 08/21 50 52.
Fax: 08/24 77 30.

The Uppsala English Bookshop
Svartbacksgatan 30
Tel. 018 - 100 510

[Let me know about availability in other countries and I'll add the
information here. -- PMB]


What are the "Smeg Ups" and "Smeg Outs" tapes?

"Red Dwarf Smeg Ups" is a 51-minute videotape (available from the same
sources as the series videotapes) containing bloopers from Series 5 and 6,
with commentary from Robert Llewellyn as Kryten. The tape also includes the
unused ending from "Out of Time" and a sort of FAQ list in which Kryten
attempts to answer the ten most asked questions about the show. "Red Dwarf
Smeg Outs" is a similar collection of material from Series 1-3 (and even
from "Smeg Ups"!), and also includes a music video version of "Tongue Tied"
that mixes "Parallel Universe" footage with clay animation.

Note: Due to a nationwide change in British telephone codes, the phone
numbers given in "Smeg Ups" for ordering merchandise are incorrect. One of
the addresses has also changed since "Smeg Ups" was recorded. For the
correct information, see "Where can I get other Red Dwarf merchandise?".


Where can I get other Red Dwarf merchandise?

Jackets, T-shirt, hats, mugs, birthday cards, posters, and calendars are
available from:

Network Ltd
Park House
12 Deer Park Road
SW19 3TU
Telephone: 020 8543 1231

and badges from:

Alchemy Carta Ltd
The Alembic
Hazel Drive
LE 3 2JE
Telephone: 01533 824824
Fax: 01533 825202

(Note: The contact information for these companies provided in the "Smeg
Ups" video is incorrect. Network Ltd. was formerly called Distribution
Network Company.)

You can order lots of stuff (books, books on tape, T-shirts, baseball caps,
Smegazine back issues, NTSC videotapes, etc.) from John McElroy. For a
catalogue, send US$1.00 to:

John McElroy
2401 Fox Plaza
1390 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94102 USA

RD books and tapes can be ordered from Amazon:

Most of the Red Dwarf-related books can be ordered from:

Star Tech
Box 456
Dunlap, TN 37327

Books related to the series can be ordered from Bolen Books in Canada. Send
email to or visit their Web site at

In Australia, RD merchandise such as T-shirts, shorts, and mugs is
available from:

Plato's Records
10 Station Street
Frankston VIC 3199
Phone (03) 9781 5977
Fax (03) 9781 2645

Merchandise is also available from some of the fan clubs. The Official Red
Dwarf Fan Club has its own line of merchandise.

Other sources of Red Dwarf memorabilia are listed in the book The Making of
Red Dwarf.


Is there an episode guide for Red Dwarf?

The Red Dwarf Programme Guide contains an extensive episode guide for the
series. If you're looking for an electronic guide, Otto Heuer maintains one
on his Web site, which you can find at:

To get you started, here's a quick list (based on one created by Dale
Clayton) that gives the title and original airdate of each episode:

   Series 1 - 1988                      Series 2 - 1988

   1 The End....................15 Feb   7 Kryten.................... 6 Sep
   2 Future Echoes..............22 Feb   8 Better Than Life..........13 Sep
   3 Balance of Power...........29 Feb   9 Thanks for the Memory.....20 Sep
   4 Waiting For God............ 7 Mar  10 Stasis Leak...............27 Sep
   5 Confidence & Paranoia......14 Mar  11 Queeg..................... 4 Oct
   6 Me^^2......................21 Mar  12 Parallel Universe.........11 Oct

   Series 3 - 1989                      Series 4 - 1991

   13 Backwards.................14 Nov  19 Camille...................14 Feb
   14 Marooned..................21 Nov  20 D.N.A.....................21 Feb
   15 Polymorph.................28 Nov  21 Justice...................28 Feb
   16 Bodyswap.................. 5 Dec  22 White Hole.................7 Mar
   17 Timeslides................12 Dec  23 Dimension Jump............14 Mar
   18 The Last Day..............19 Dec  24 Meltdown..................21 Feb

   Series 5 - 1992                      Series 6 - 1993

   25 Holoship..................20 Feb  31 Psirens................... 7 Oct
   26 The Inquisitor............27 Feb  32 Legion....................14 Oct
   27 Terrorform................ 5 Mar  33 Gunmen of the Apocalypse..21 Oct
   28 Quarantine................12 Mar  34 Emohawk: Polymorph II.....28 Oct
   29 Demons and Angels.........19 Mar  35 Rimmerworld............... 4 Nov
   30 Back To Reality...........26 Mar  36 Out of Time...............11 Nov

   Series 7 - 1997                      Series 8 - 1999

   37 Tikka to Ride.............17 Jan  45 Back in the Red, Part 1...18 Feb
   38 Stoke Me A Clipper........24 Jan  46 Back in the Red, Part 2...25 Feb
   39 OUROBOROS.................31 Jan  47 Back in the Red, Part 3....4 Mar
   40 Duct Soup................. 7 Feb  48 Cassandra.................11 Mar
   41 Blue......................14 Feb  49 Krytie TV.................18 Mar
   42 Beyond a Joke.............21 Feb  50 Pete......................25 Mar
   43 Epideme...................28 Feb  51 Pete II: Captain's Office..1 Apr
   44 Nanarchy.................. 7 Mar  52 Only the Good..............5 Apr


What other Red Dwarf documents are available online?

The Official Red Dwarf Web Site is at

The following members of the cast have their own Web sites:

Craig Charles --

Robert Llewellyn --

The Documents Guide (maintained by Tafka) lists a great
many unofficial documents, including the Space Corps Directives, a
comprehensive timeline, plot inconsistency projects, reference lists and
lists detailing roles played by Red Dwarf actors. Either look out for it
weekly in or email Tafka at and ask
for a copy.


Where can I write to the cast and crew of the show?

The Official Red Dwarf Fan Club will forward mail to the cast and crew.
They do not open the mail if a covering letter explains what it is and asks
for it to be forwarded.

You may also be able to contact cast members through their Web sites (those
who have them). See "What other Red Dwarf documents are available online?".


Was Craig Charles arrested for rape?

Yes, but he was cleared of all charges. Charles was arrested in July 1994
when his ex-girlfriend filed rape charges against him. He was tried during
February and March of 1995, and subsequently acquitted. The ex-girlfriend
withdrew her allegations.


Are there books about Red Dwarf?

Numerous Red Dwarf reference works are available:

The Official Red Dwarf Companion
by Bruce Dessau
ISBN 1-85286-456-7
Titan, 1995

This thin little book (95 pages) has a lot of wasted space, but some
interesting quotes and information and some wonderful color photos
throughout. If you're looking for in-depth, solid information about the
show, this isn't where you'll find it; but if you want a nice, light read,
a collector's item, and an attractive coffee-table book, this is it. Listed
as available on, but at least one fan was told it
was out of print.

Red Dwarf Programme Guide
by Chris Howarth and Steve Lyons
ISBN 0-7535-0103-1
Virgin, 1997

"Everything you never wanted to know about the smash smega-series." An
in-depth collection (337 pages) of information about Series 1-7. It
includes sections on History, The Characters, The Programmes, The Index,
The Creators (cast and production crew), and The Spin-offs. The Index, by
far the largest section of the book, is a lexicon of almost everything
mentioned to during the series, from "A to Z of Red Dwarf, The" to "Zoom

Red Dwarf--Primordial Soup: The Least Worst Scripts
by Grant Naylor
ISBN 0-14-017886-4
Penguin, 1993

This book contains the complete scripts for "Polymorph," "Marooned,"
"Dimension Jump," "Justice," "Back to Reality," and "Psirens." Not
published in the U.S., but available from John McElroy and other
distributors of imported books.

Red Dwarf: Son of Soup
by Grant Naylor
ISBN 0-14-025363-7
Penguin, 1996

A sequel to Primordial Soup, containing scripts for "Gunmen of the
Apocalypse," "Holoship," "Camille," "Backwards," "Kryten," and "Me^2," with
introductions by Rob Grant.

The Man in the Rubber Mask
by Robert Llewellyn
ISBN 0-14-023575-2
Penguin, 1994

Describes Llewellyn's involvement in Red Dwarf from the beginning of Series
3 through the filming of the American pilots. Plenty of anecdotes and
stories, and lots of trivia. The section on the American pilots is
especially revealing, and gives some plausible reasons why the whole
project fell through.

The Making of Red Dwarf
by Joe Nazzaro
ISBN 0-14-023206-0
Penguin, 1994

A rather slender book with lots of colour photographs. Focuses on the
making of "Gunmen Of The Apocalypse". The book goes into a fair amount of
detail, but nothing that couldn't have been gleaned from a half-dozen back
issues of the now-defunct Smegazine. The book's main strength is the added
material: some great photos, fragments of the original "Gunmen" script
(mostly stage directions, but also one unfilmed scene) and storyboards used
in the filming. The back of the book contains information on how you can
purchase Red Dwarf paraphernalia such as t-shirts, baseball caps, and
models of Starbug and Kryten.

Red Dwarf Quiz Book
by Nicky Hooks and Sharon Burnett
ISBN 0-14-023662-7
Penguin, 1994

Red Dwarf trivia and brain-teasers. Contains questions such as "What was
referred to as a small off-duty Czechoslovakian traffic warden?",
crosswords, word searches, "who said . . .", information about the cast,
and photos. After a while, though, you have to wonder about the mind of
someone who can come up with questions such as "What follows the leaflet
campaign?" or "What was in canister 1121?"

A Question of Smeg
by Sharon Burnett and Nicky Hooks
ISBN 0-140-27070-1
Penguin, 1997

Sequel to the Quiz Book. Contains puzzles, quiz questions, and colour

Red Dwarf Space Corps Survival Manual
by Paul Alexander
ISBN 0-7493-2374-4
Mandarin, 1996

A survival guide for Space Corps officers, written by fictional Marine
Colonel Mike "Mad Dog" O'Hagan (who served with the Space Corps Special
Service Really Really Brave Division). Has sections on finding food and
water, setting traps and snares, appointing a leader, survival psychology,
first aid, and even surviving death. Includes numerous marginal notes and
comments scribbled by the Lister, Rimmer, Kryten, and the Cat, a survival
questionnaire filled out by each crewmember, and a flicker-book animation
(of an arm being amputated) in a corner of the pages. Pictures from Series
7 appears as snapshots "taped" into the book. Quite funny, if a little
fixated on cannibalism (or, as Col. O'Hagan prefers to call it,
"recipe-based respect for the dead"). 112 pages.

Red Dwarf Log No. 1996
by Paul Alexander
ISBN 0-434-00370-0
William Heineman Ltd, 1995

A 1996 diary with a few extras. Computerised entries by the four
crewmembers and Holly are scattered through the pages, along with recipes,
Space Corps book excerpts, and other assorted items. Several new Space
Corps Directives appear for the first time in this book.

The Log: A Dwarfer's Guide to Everything
by Craig Charles & Russell Bell
ISBN 0-14-026862-6
Penguin, 1997

 From the back cover:

      Read this book and learn:

         * to avoid Not-a-Cats
         * never to keep anything radioactive in your pants
         * not to place your head inside anything with "Head Remover"
           written on it
         * a lot about food, and how to do it

      Containing Craig Charles's tips on how to survive in the hostile
      Universe that is Life.


Are there Red Dwarf fan clubs?

Yes, there are several. Here's a list:

Official Red Dwarf Fan Club

This club won the 1994 Cult TV award for Best U.K. Fan Club. It's based in
England, but has addresses in several other countries (and also has a Web
site at Membership includes four issues of the
club magazine Better Than Life, a badge, and a membership card. Membership
rates (per year) are as follows:

                 UK/BFPO:  UKP 12.00
  Europe (including Eire): UKP 13.00 equivalent
              USA/Canada:  USD 25.00
               Australia:  AD 36.00
             New Zealand:  AD 42.00

Cash or cheques in your local currency are accepted, but take weeks rather
than days to clear. If you prefer to send an International Money Order, the
equivalent rates are shown above. Write to:

        UK/BFPO & Europe:  Jupiter Mining Corporation
                           40 Pitford Road
                           RG5 4QF
             US & Canada:  Jupiter Mining Company
                           P.O. Box 13097
                           Coyote, CA 95013
  Australia & New Zealand: The Official Red Dwarf Fan Club Australia
                           PO Box 325
                           VIC 3148

Better Than Life

Sylvia Pranga
Isolde-Kurz-Str. 145 (36)
W-4400 Munster-Nienberge

This club publishes a newsletter (mostly in German) called Talkie Toaster

Related clubs

Some Red Dwarf cast members have their own fan clubs:

Official Chris Barrie Fan Club
P.O. Box 6038
Leighton Buzzard

OnLine OnCraig (Craig Charles fan club)
PO Box 536
KT15 1WA

Danny John-Jules Fan Club
EM & M. Gilbert
73A Cressex Road
High Wycombe
HP12 4PS


Are there IRC channels for Red Dwarf fans?

Of course! In fact, there are Red Dwarf-related channels on several IRC

AustNet: Aaron Weatherall, known to posters as the
Downunder Dwarfer, runs a registered #reddwarf channel that is manned most
of the time. Aaron's IRC nick is gs0ul.

Dalnet: The #atvrd channel is now defunct.

EFNet: Regular get-togethers on the #starbug channel, Sunday nights at
20:30 GMT and at other times during the week.

Undernet: Adam Jewell (who goes by Krosis on IRC) helps to run a #starbug
channel with another guy who uses the nick Humanless. There are no set
times at present; e-mail Krosis at or
Humanless at for more info on when they usually meet. This is a
permanent registered channel, and anyone is welcome to drop in at any time.


Are there Red Dwarf mailing lists?

Two Red Dwarf mailing lists are known to exist, one moderated and one

Moderated list: Run by To join, send her a note asking
to be added to the list. Digests are sent out once a day. The moderator
also sends out Red Dwarf sounds and chatlogs on request. A Web page for the
moderated list can be found at

Unmoderated list: Distributed by the list server. To subscribe,
send email to LISTPROC@LISTS.PIPEX.COM with the following text as the body
of the message:

subscribe reddwarf Your Name


Are there Red Dwarf magazines?

Red Dwarf Smegazine, the official magazine for the series, ceased
publication with Volume 2 Issue 9 (January 1994). Some back issues are
available from John McElroy and Star Tech.

The Official Red Dwarf Fan Club publishes a quarterly magazine called
Better Than Life. See "Are there Red Dwarf fan clubs?"

Newsletters or fanzines (unofficial, fan-written magazines) are published
by some Red Dwarf fan clubs and by individual fans. Refer to the Red Dwarf
Fanzine List at


Has Red Dwarf won any awards?

At the 1994 International Emmy Awards, the Red Dwarf episode "Gunmen of the
Apocalypse," tied with Absolutely Fabulous (Series 2: "Hospital") in the
Popular Arts category. The International Emmys are awarded by the
International Council of the National Academy of TV Arts & Sciences. Red
Dwarf was also nominated for International Emmys in 1987, 1989, and 1992.

In 1991, Series 3 won a British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA)
award for "Best British Comedy."

At the 1994 British Comedy Awards, Red Dwarf won Best BBC Situation Comedy.

At Eastercon 1989 and 1992, Red Dwarf received the Best Dramatic
Presentation award. At the Cult TV 1994 convention, awards were presented
to Grant Naylor (Best Writers) and Red Dwarf (Best Show).


What other roles have Red Dwarf actors played?

Too many to list here. For a comprehensive list, refer to the Red Dwarf
Quietly Asked Questions List at


Would anyone like any toast?



End of Red Dwarf Frequently Asked Questions List (FAQ)

User Contributions:

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The men and women promote your opportunity her wherewithal to make superior insurance option not to mention push because of it. a conclusion used June 2010 to make a bailout investment called the european catastrophe equilibrium storage facility still hasn't been fully put in place; this process month's telephone your Cannes smt for synchronised world shelter initiative was extra, mainly because they was missing reinforce starting from china in addition germany through itself. Merkel, for example, supports invalidated strategies for a $3.1 trillion arrears installment funding might secure the damage. packages, synchronised between the Federal hold plus the Treasury sectors together with bush and the federal government administrations. as (...)

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Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:12 PM