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soc.culture.thai General FAQ

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Archive-name: thai/general
Soc-culture-thai-archive-name: general
Version: $Id: general,v 2.2 1996/10/31 07:49:42 trin Exp trin $

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
The "soc.culture.thai Frequently Asked Questions" periodic postings are
divided into 6 parts plus an index. Requests for inclusion, correction
or update can be made by posting a public message or follow-up to this
FAQ.

The current release of these FAQs can be fetched by anonymous FTP from
rtfm.mit.edu (or its mirror sites) under directories:
   /pub/usenet/news.answers/thai
   /pub/usenet/soc.answers/thai
   /pub/usenet/soc.culture.thai

The current copy of the FAQs can be viewed by appropriate tools at the URLs
   http://www.nectec.or.th/soc.culture.thai/index.html
   ftp://ftp.nectec.or.th/soc.culture.thai

TABLE OF CONTENTS

GENERAL FAQ
General and legal information

 * General Information
  G.1)  What is soc.culture.thai?
  G.2)  Readership statistics
  G.3)  Where do I find old articles of soc.culture.thai?
  G.4)  Where can I get the latest news from Thailand?
  G.5)  Thai shortwave radio programs
  G.6)  Units of measurement
  G.7)  Holidays (revised)
  G.8)  Resource list
 * Legal
  X.1)  Occupations prohibited to aliens
  X.2)  Personal income tax

----------------------------------------------------------------------

GENERAL INFORMATION

This part outlines information pertaining to the soc.culture.thai
newsgroup.


Subject: G.1) What is soc.culture.thai? The soc.culture.thai newsgroup was inaugurated on April 28, 1991 on the idea of Ayut Nissapa (ayut@ratree.psu.ac.th) proposed in the soc.culture.asean newsgroup. It was intended to be a forum to discuss information relevant to Thailand, Thai people and their culture. Nittida Nuansri (noi@munnari.oz.au) was the coordinator for CFD and CFV. Soc.culture.thai charter appears in USENET control message to create the newsgroup as: > From tale@rpi.edu Sun Apr 28 17:50:24 1991 > Control: newgroup soc.culture.thai > Newsgroups: soc.culture.thai.ctl > Path: rpi!tale > From: tale@rpi.edu (David C Lawrence) > Subject: newgroup soc.culture.thai > Message-ID: <jgygknh@rpi.edu> > Sender: tale@cs.rpi.edu > Nntp-Posting-Host: cs.rpi.edu > Date: 28 Apr 91 21:50:11 GMT > Approved: tale@rpi.edu > Lines: 17 > > soc.culture.thai is an unmoderated newsgroup which passed its vote for > creation by 300:27 as reported in news.announce.newgroups on 24 April 1991. > > For your newsgroups file: > soc.culture.thai Thai people and their culture. > > The charter, culled from the call for votes: > > Purposes: - for Thais & any others who are interested in Thai culture > and other aspects such as : > - travel information > - news from Thailand > - political circumstances > - Thai food & recipes > etc. > > Language of discussion is English.
Subject: G.2) Readership statistics According to the USENET readership poll results of January 1995, soc.culture.thai has an estimated readers of 39,000 worldwide; 66% of all USENET sites carry this newsgroup; and total monthly traffic is 2035 messages or 4.4 MB. Also in another readership poll conducted for two weeks by Joy Asawalap in February 1994, readership distribution is tabulated as following: Cumulative Cumulative GENDER Frequency Percent Frequency Percent ---------------------------------------------------- F 22 19.0 22 19.0 M 94 81.0 116 100.0 Cumulative Cumulative NATION Frequency Percent Frequency Percent ------------------------------------------------------ Australi 4 3.4 4 3.4 Finnish 1 0.9 5 4.3 German 5 4.3 10 8.6 Netherla 1 0.9 11 9.5 Non-Thai 1 0.9 12 10.3 Norway 1 0.9 13 11.2 Sri Lank 1 0.9 14 12.1 Swedish 2 1.7 16 13.8 Swiss 1 0.9 17 14.7 Thai 75 64.7 92 79.3 Thai-US 6 5.2 98 84.5 UK 4 3.4 102 87.9 UK-Aus 1 0.9 103 88.8 US 13 11.2 116 100.0 Cumulative Cumulative DOMAIN Frequency Percent Frequency Percent ---------------------------------------------------- AU 6 5.2 6 5.2 BE 1 0.9 7 6.0 CA 3 2.6 10 8.6 CH 1 0.9 11 9.5 COM 12 10.3 23 19.8 DE 4 3.4 27 23.3 EDU 61 52.6 88 75.9 FI 1 0.9 89 76.7 GOV 1 0.9 90 77.6 MIL 1 0.9 91 78.4 NL 1 0.9 92 79.3 NZ 3 2.6 95 81.9 ORG 2 1.7 97 83.6 SE 3 2.6 100 86.2 TH 9 7.8 109 94.0 UK 6 5.2 115 99.1 US 1 0.9 116 100.0
Subject: G.3) Where do I find old articles of soc.culture.thai? There is an effort at the National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC) in Bangkok to build an archive for soc.culture.thai. A large part of the collection came from Linitda Sooksomstarn, linitda@tlaeng.enet.dec.com, of Digital Equipment Corporation (Thailand) for all articles which arrived at their news server between late March 1992 thru mid October 1993. The archive is located at URL: ftp://news.nectec.or.th/pub/archives/soc.culture.thai/ Send old articles by e-mail to news@nectec.or.th for inclusion. Duplicates will be automatically sorted out.
Subject: G.4) Where can I get the latest news from Thailand? Some of the latest news in Thai language from Thai News Agency are available for anonymous FTP from ftp.cs.washington.edu (a.k.a. june) in the directory /pub/thaisys/thainews. To read these news, follow the instructions provided in a README file in that directory. A raw news archive is available at: ftp://ftp.nectec.or.th/pub/news Use InfoZIP's unzip5.0p1 (or later) with a command line switch -a to unpack on non-MSDOS platforms or use PKWARE Inc's PKUNZIP 2.04g (or later) to unpack on MSDOS. News from the Thai News Agency, Mass Communications Organization of Thailand, is provided as a courtesy service from SysOp of the Datanet BBS in Bangkok, Khun Samart Sririangkana (samart@nwg.nectec.or.th). Besides, news in English is also occasionally posted to soc.culture.thai by volunteer netters in Thailand. Alternatively, news related to Thailand can be found in the newsgroups clari.news.international.gov and bit.listserv.seasia-l (or the SEASIA-L mailing list)
Subject: G.5) Thai shortwave radio programs 1. BBC Thai language - Short wave Radio Broadcasting from London, UK. Time is in Bangkok timezone: 7 hours ahead of GMT, no daylight saving. 6.30-7.00 (morning) 6.08 7.16 11.865 MHz 49 41 25 m 19.30-20.00 (night) 7.16 9.605 11.92 21.59 MHz 41 31 25 13 m 23.15-23.30 (midnight) 6.065 7.105 9.605 MHz 49 41 31 m
Subject: G.6) Units of measurement THAI UNITS OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES -----++++O++++----- _____________________________________________________________________________ | Approximately equal to: MEASURE OF LENGTH: | | British | Metric |--------------------|--------------------- 1 kabiet | 3/16 inch | 5 millimeters 4 kabiet = 1 nieu | 3/4 inch | 2 centimeters 12 nieu = 1 keub | 10 inches | 25 centimeters 2 keub = 1 sawk | 1 ft. 7 1/2 ins. | 50 centimeters 4 sawk = 1 wah | 6 ft. 6 1/4 ins. | 2 meters 20 wah = 1 sen | 44 yards | 40 meters 400 sen = 1 yote | 10 miles | 16 kilometers __________________________________|____________________|_____________________ | | MEASURE OF SURFACE: | British | Metric |--------------------|--------------------- 1 sq. wah | 4.78 sq.yards | 4 sq. meters 100 sq. wah = 1 ngan | 478 sq. yards | 400 sq. meters 4 ngan = 1 rai(1 sq.sen) | 2/5 acre | 1,600 sq. meters __________________________________|____________________|_____________________ | | MEASURE OF CAPACITY: | British | Metric |--------------------|--------------------- 1 standard tanan | | 1 litre 20 standard tanan=1 standard sat | | 20 litres 50 standard sat = 1 standard ban | | 1,000 litres 2 standard ban=1 standard kwien | | 2,000 litres __________________________________|____________________|_____________________ | | PADDY AND RICE MEASURE: | British | Metric |--------------------|--------------------- 1 coyan = 16 pikuls paddy | 2,133 1/3 lbs. | 968 kilograms 1 coyan = 22 pikuls cargo rice | 1.31 tons | 1,330 kilograms 1 kwien = 23 pikuls white rice | 1.37 tons | 1,391 kilograms The rice miller's kwien is:- | | 82 baskets of 40 lbs. each | | = 24 pikuls | 1.46 tons | 1,488 kilograms __________________________________|____________________|_____________________ | | WEIGHT: | British | Metric |--------------------|--------------------- 1 baht (tical) | 1/2 oz.(AVDP) | 15 grams 4 baht = 1 tamlung | 2 1/10 oz. (AVDP) | 60 grams 20 tamlung = 1 chang (kati) | 2 5/8 lbs. (AVDP) | 1.2 kilograms 50 chang = 1 hap (pikul) | 133 1/3 lbs.(AVDP) | 60 kilograms __________________________________|____________________|_____________________
Subject: G.7) Holidays Date: Mon, 1 Jan 1996 22:44:15 +0700 (GMT+0700) From: Hugh Thaweesak Koanantakool <htk@nucleus.nectec.or.th> Subject: 1996 holiday For Thailand FAQ update ----------------------------------------------------- 1996 Thailand Official Holidays G=Government B=Bank (..) = not official holiday GB Jan 1 Monday New Year's Day GB Jan 2 Tuesday Substitution for 1995 New Year's Eve ( Feb 19 Monday Chinese New Year) -B Mar 4 Monday Subtitution for Makha Bucha Day (Mar 3) -B Apr 8 Monday Substitution for Chakree Day (Apr 6) GB Apr 12 Friday Songkran Day -B May 1 Wednesday National Labour Day -B May 6 Monday Substitution for Coronation Day (May 5) G- May 16 Thursday Royal Ploughing Ceremony GB May 31 Friday Wisakha Bucha day -B Jul 1 Monday Midyear Bank's Holiday G- Jul 29 Monday Asarnha Bucha Day GB Jul 30 Tuesday Buddhist Lent Day GB Aug 12 Monday H.M.The Queen's Birthday GB Oct 23 Wednesday Chulalongkorn Day ( Nov 24 Sunday Loy Krathong Day) GB Dec 5 Thursday H.M.The King's Birthday GB Dec 10 Tuesday Constitution Day ( Dec 25 Wednesday Christmas Day) GB Dec 31 Tuesday New Year's Eve ============================================================================= G=For Government Only B=For Bank Only
Subject: G.8) Resource (reading) list A compilation of reading lists on various subjects pertaining to Thais, Thai culture and Thailand is accessible from world-wide web at URL: http://www.nectec.or.th/resource-list.html Original articles are available for anonymous FTP from ftp.nectec.or.th in directory /soc.culture.thai/SCTinfo/resources. ftp://ftp.nectec.or.th/soc.culture.thai/SCTinfo/resources/
Subject: X.1) Occupations prohibited to aliens From: uthke@iabg.de (Ekkehard Uthke) Date: 14 Feb 1994 07:28:18 GMT The following is an excerpt from a brochure of the Department of Labour: Occupations and Provisions Prohibited to Aliens under the Royal Decree B.E. 2522 (1979) 1. Labouring 2. Work in agriculture, animal breeding, forestry, fishing and farm supervision (excluding specialized work) 3. Masonry, carpentry and other construction work 4. Wood carving 5. Driving of motor vehicles and non-motorised carriers (except piloting international aircraft) 6. Shop attendant 7. Auctioneering 8. Supervising, auditing and giving services in accountancy (except occasional internal auditing) 9. Gem cutting or polishing 10. Hair cutting, hairdressing, and beautician work 11. Hand weaving 12. Mat weaving or fabrication of wares from reed, kenaf, straw or bamboo pulp 13. Manual fibrous paper fabrication 14. Lacquerware fabrication 15. Thai musical instrument fabrication 16. Nielloware fabrication 17. Goldsmith, silversmith, or other precious metalwork 18. Bronzeware fabrication 19. Making Thai dolls 20. Mattress or padded blanket fabrication 21. Alms bowls fabrication 22. Manual silk product fabrication 23. Buddha image fabrication 24. Knife fabrication 25. Paper or cloth umbrella fabrication 26. Shoemaking 27. Hat making 28. Brokerage or agency work (except in international business) 29. Civil engineering work involving designing, calculation, organization, research, planning, testing construction, supervision or advisory work (except work requiring specialized skills) 30. Architectural work involving designing, drawing or estimating, and construction supervision or advisory work 31. Dressmaking 32. Pottery or ceramics 33. Manual cigarette rolling 34. Tourist guide or tour organizing agency 35. Hawking business 36. Thai character type-setting 37. Manual silk reeling and weaving 38. Clerical or secretarial work 39. Legal or litigation services
Subject: X.2) Personal income tax From: mbarnes@bismark.east.Sun.COM (Mike Barnes) Date: 20 May 1994 22:19:49 GMT Personal Income Tax Every person, resident or non-resident, who derives assessable income from employment or business in Thailand or has assets located in Thailand, is subject to personal income tax, whether such income is paid in or outside of Thailand. Exemptions are granted to certain persons, including U.N officers, diplomats and certain visiting experts, under the terms of international and bilateral agreements. Personal income tax is applied on a graduated scale as follows: Net Annual Income (Baht) Tax Rate 60,000 - 100,000 5% 101,000 - 500,000 10% 501,000 - 1,000,000 20% 1,000,000 - 4,000,000 30% 4,000,001 or above 37% Individuals residing for 180 days or more in Thailand for any cal- endar year are also subject to income tax on income from foreign sources if that income is brought into Thailand during the same taxable year that they are a resident. Exchange control laws stipulate that all foreign exchange earned by a resident, whether or not derived from employment or business in Thailand, be brought into Thailand within seven days of acqui- sition, unless permission for an extension is granted. Personal income taxes and tax returns are due prior to the end of March of the year following the year in which the income was earned. A standard deduction of 40 percent, but not in excess of Baht 60,000, is permitted against income from employment or services rendered or copyrights. Standard deductions ranging from 10 to 85 percent are allowed fro other categories of income. In general, however, taxpayers may elect to itemize expenses in lieu of taking standard deductions or income from sources specified by law. The following annual personal exemptions are permitted: Taxpayer Baht 30,000 Taxpayer's Spouse Baht 30,000 Each Child Baht 15,000 Each Child's Education Baht 2,000 For Taxpayer and Spouse for contributions to a Provident Fund Baht 10,000 For Taxpayer and Spouse for interest payment on loans for purchasing, hire-purchasing or construction of residential buildings Baht 10,000 Only three children per taxpayer family qualify for the child allowance, but this limitation applies only to children born on or after 1 January 1979. Therefore, in counting the number of chil- dren, a child born prior to 1979 can also be counted. For example, a taxpayer with four children born before 1979 continue to qualify for an aggregate allowance of Baht 60,000. A fifth child, born in 1979, would not qualify. Additional taxes can be assessed within a period of ten years from the date of filing a return, but authority to issue a summons for examination is limited to 5 years after the filing date. If an individual fails to file a return, an assessment may be issued within a period of then years from the filing due date. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Acknowledgements The original soc.culture.thai FAQ was proposed, put together and initially maintained by Thanachart Numnonda (thanon@ccu1.auckland.ac.nz). This part of the soc.culture.thai FAQ cannot be completed without information from the following contributors: Alan Dawson (alan.dawson@wov.com) for G.6; C Tantipaibulvut (C.tantipaibulvut@lut.ac.uk) for G.5; Ekkehard Uthke (euthke@siam.muc.de) for X.1; John Brubaker (staff@emailhost.ait.ac.th) for Gopher search update to G.3; Joy Aswalap (joy@cc1.unt.edu) for G.2 and passing on G.6; Linitda Sooksomstarn (linitda@tlaeng.enet.dec.com) for soc.culture.thai archive in G.3; Mike Barnes (mbarnes@bismark.east.Sun.COM) for X.2; Hugh Thaweesak Koanantakool (htk@nectec.or.th) for G.7; and, Trin Tantsetthi (trin@nwg.nectec.or.th) for G.1, G.2, G.3, G.4 and G.8.

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