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Archive-name: sw-config-mgmt/cm-tools
Last-modified: 2002/09/10
Version: 9.0
Posting-Frequency: monthly

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
                   Configuration Management Tools Summary


   This is the newsgroup "Frequently Asked
   Questions" (FAQ) posting of a Software Configuration Management tools
   summary. This is part 2 of the 3 part FAQ. Please review all parts
   before submitting suggestions or questions to the FAQ editor.

   The information contained in this summary is a consolidation of data
   obtained from a variety of sources around the Internet, but primarily
   from articles and comments posted on the
   newsgroup. Additional information occasionally is emailed to the FAQ
   editor. Check the date above to see how recent the information you are
   reading might be.

  Sharing Of Information

   This document, as a collection of information, is Copyright 1995-2001
   by Dave Eaton. It may be freely redistributed in its entirety provided
   that this copyright notice is not removed. It may not be sold for
   profit or incorporated in commercial documents without the written
   permission of the copyright holder. This article is provided as is
   without any express or implied warranty. The content is the sole
   responsibility of the author and contributors, and does not
   necessarily represent the position of their employers nor an official
   position or opinion of any company. Please contact the FAQ editor
   regarding changes.

  Other Information

   Various products mentioned in this FAQ are the trademarks of their
   respective companies.

   All parts of this FAQ are posted to this newsgroup on or about the
   22nd of each month. (This is done manually and sometimes work
   interferes with this posting, please excuse any delays.)

   Like most FAQ lists, these parts are archived at (and
   various other sites which archive FAQs.) The parts are named:
     * cm-tools = Configuration Management Tools Summary (this document)
     * faq = General Questions
     * prob-mgt-tools = Problem Management Tools Summary

   and may be found in directory
   pub/usenet-by-group/comp.answers/sw-config-mgmt. Those new to the
   newsgroups should read news.announce.newusers for general information.

   For those with World Wide Web access, hyperlinked HTML versions of
   these documents are available via:
   (If you type in this URL, remember that it is case sensitive.) These
   are updated throughout the month as changes come in. A letter is added
   to the version number and the date is changed with each edit to help
   you determine if you've already seen it.

  What this is not.

   If you are not sure what we mean by CM (or SCM), please see our
   definition in question [1.2] of FAQ section 1. If you still think this
   will help you with your PC hardware or application configuration, you
   are mistaken. Please see question [1.10] of FAQ section 1 for some
   suggestions of other more appropriate newsgroups for your question --
   do not post it to Thank you.

   Similarly, this FAQ is intended for tools which address the
   configuration management needs of the software development process.
   This does not include hardware configuration tracking or software

   This is not a definitive list of all available tools, nor is it
   intended to be. It is not a recommendation or endorsement of any of
   the tools mentioned. As noted above, it is a composit of opinions from
   the newsgroup. If you have a tool you would
   like others to know about, please join the discussion.

  ** What's New this Month? **

   1. Changes to Serena company name and address and its product names.
   2. Added SCons.
   3. Changed Bras Web address.

  Still Needed

   Some tools have been mentioned in the newsgroup, but contact
   information (company name, address and phone or ftp location) as well
   as user comments are needed so they may be included in the report
   below. If you are a user of such a tool, please send a paragraph or
   two containing your comments and experiences as well as supplier
   contact information to the FAQ editor.

Table of Contents

   1. Summary
   2. Abbreviations Used
   3. Process versus Configuration Management
   4. Commercial Vendor Contact List
   5. Version Control Systems Generally Available Free
   5-b. Tools to "make" or "build" Software
   6. Commercial Configuration Management Tools
   7. Tools Related To Configuration Management
   8. CM Tools with World Wide Web sites

1. Summary


   The first posting of this FAQ was in April, 1994. Since the newsgroup
   was relatively new at that time, the early FAQ was 'jump started' with
   information obtained from the following sources:
     * the Usenet newsgroup
     * the InterWorks (HP Workstation Users Group) CASE SIG mailing list
     * various printed matter

   Since then, it has been updated and changed substantially as readers
   have supplied additional information to the
   newsgroup and directly to the editor.


   In addition to some of the vendors themselves, most information
   summarized here comes from newsgroup posts and email received from end
   users. Our gratitude is been extended to all who have contributed.

   Instructions for adding or changing information in this FAQ may be
   found in section 1.8 of part 1, the general FAQ for the newsgroup.

  Not Official Statements

   Please use the summary below in the spirit with which it has been
   supplied: for information only. These statements are composites and do
   not represent official positions by any particular responder's
   company. Remember that these users may not be commenting on the
   current version of a product. It is recommended that you do your own
   research before making a tool decision for your company.

2. Abbreviations Used

          The abbreviation "CM" will be used throughout this document to
          mean "configuration management", and in particular, software
          configuration management or "SCM".

          The user interface to the ARPANET standard File Transfer
          Protocol (FTP). The program allows you to transfer files to and
          from a remote network site.

          Personal Computer - Intel-based IBM or compatible.

3. Process versus Configuration Management

  Vendors Don't Always Differentiate

   Some products noted in this FAQ provide configuration management, not
   development process management, others provide both but to varying
   degrees. The vendors marketing configuration management tools do not
   always distinguish the difference nor do they always explain which
   services their tool is actually trying to provide for you. Briefly,
   these two concepts are:
     * Traditional Configuration Management - checkin/checkout control of
       sources (and sometimes binaries) and the ability to perform builds
       (or compiles) of the entities. Other functions may be included as
     * Process Management - control of the software development
       activities. For example, it might check to ensure that a problem
       report existed and had been approved for fixing and that the
       associated design, documentation, and review activities have been
       completed before allowing the code to be "checked in" again.

   While process management and control are necessary for a repeatable,
   optimized development process, a solid configuration management
   foundation for that process is essential.

  You Choose

   Be certain to determine what form of management is most important to
   your project, then be certain the tools you consider provide that

4. Commercial Vendor Contact List


   Platform availability and products are continually changing, please
   check vendors for current information and trade publications for new
   entrants. As of this writing, these vendors could be contacted as
   shown in this table.

                       Commercial CM Products
Product                  Vendor Address            Platforms

+1CM                     +1 Software Engineering   Sun (SunOS and Solaris)
                         2510-G Las Posas Road,
                         Suite 438
                         P.O. Box 6041
                         Camarillo, CA 93011
                         tel.: 805-389-1778

AccuRev/CM               AccuRev Inc.              Solaris, Compaq Alpha Unix,
                         62 Harvard St.            HP-UX, IRIX, RS/6000, FreeBS
                         Brookline, MA 02445       Linux (Intel and PowerPC),
                         tel: 617-566-3914         WinNT Win2K client/server, W
                         fax: 617-566-5035         9X clients.
                         Mac, more Unix, Java "soon"

Aldon/CMS                Aldon Computer Group     AS/400
                         1999 Harrison Street
                         Suite 1500
                         Oakland, CA 94612
                         tel.: 510-839-3535 (US)
                            +44.1932.355711 (UK)

AllChange                Intasoft Ltd.             PC (MS-WFW, MS Windows
                         Tresco House              Win95/98, WinNT), Sun Solari
                         Westpoint Court
                         Exeter EX5 1DJ UK
                         tel.: +44 (0) 1392-447780
                         FAX:  +44 (0) 1392-447781

Andromede                Jean-Francois Combes     Many Unix platforms,
                         Eslog                    Linux, LynxOS, VMS
                         2 bis, BUROSPACE
                         91571 Bievres CEDEX      Client avail. on MS Windows
                         Tel:00 33 1 69 85 51 51

CM Synergy               Telelogic AB              Tru64 Unix, HP-UX,
                         (World headquarters)      IBM RS/6000, SGI, Siemens, S
                         PO Box 4128               PC (MS Windows, Win95/98,
                         Kungsgaten 6 SE-203 12    WinNT client, WinNT server)
                         Malmö, Sweden
                         tel: +46 (40) 174700
                         FAX: +46 (40) 174747

                         US headquarters
                         Telelogic North America Inc.
                         9401 Jeronimo Road
                         Irvine, CA 92618 USA
                         Tel: +1-949-830-8022
                         Fax: +1-949-830-8023

Change and Configuration Computer Associates       IBM RS/6000 AIX,
Control (CCC/Harvest)    1 Computer Associates Plaza HP-UX, Sun (SunOS and
                         Islandia, N.Y. 11788      Solaris), Digital UNIX,
                         tel.: 1-800-225-5224      PC (OS/2, Win, Win/NT)

ClearCase                Rational                 Digital Unix, HP-UX, RS/6000,
                         20 Maguire Road          SGI, Sun, PC (Red Hat Linux,
                         Lexington, MA 02421      Solaris, UnixWare, WinNT,
                         tel.: 781-676-2400       Win98)
                               800-728-1212       Attache provides client
                         FAX:  781-676-2420       functions for MS Windows.
                         or resold by DEC, SGI,
                         Sun Germany

Code Co-op               Reliable Software        PC (Win95, WinNT)
                         1011 Boren Ave
                         Suite 106
                         Seattle, WA 98104
                         tel.: 206-361-6679

Code Management System   Digital Equipment Corp.   DEC (OpenVMS/VAX,
(CMS) and Module         DECdirect                 OpenVMS/alpha)
Management System (MMS)  Continental Blvd.
                         Merrimack, NH 03054
                         tel.: 800-344-4825

Configuration Management IBM Corp.                 IBM RS/6000, Sun, HP-UX
Version Control (CMVC)   1133 Westchester Ave.
                         White Plains, NY 10604    Client only: PC (DOS,
                         tel.: 602-217-2025        OS/2, MS Windows)

CMVision and             Expertware                DEC (VMS, Ultrix, Unix),
Configuration Management 12901 Alcosta Blvd. Ste2A HP-UX, IBM RS/6000, PC
Facility (CMF)           PO Box 1847               (SCO UNIX), Sun
                         San Ramon, CA 94583
                         tel.: 510-867-0315

CMWin                    Expertware, Inc.
                         130 Ryan Industrial Court
                         Suite 210
                         PO Box 1847
                         San Remon, CA 94583
                         Tel: 510-820-7020
                         FAX: 510-820-4123

CMZ                      CodeME s.a.r.l.           PC (DOS), Win/NT
                         14, Rue de l'Eglise       (on ALPHA/PC), DEC/Ultrix,
                         F-01630 St. Genis-Pouilly Digital Unix, VAX/VMS &
                         France                    Alpha/OPENVMS, Silicon
                         tel.: +33 50420914        Graphics IRIX, SUN (OS4 @amp
                         FAX: +33 50 42 09 14      Solaris), HP9000/700 HPUX,
                         distributed via CERN:     Apollo, IBM RS/6000 AIX, IBM
                    VM/CMS, MVS/TSO, MVS/NEWLIB,
                                                   CRAY XMP/YMP UNICOS,
                                                   NeXtStep, LINUX,
                                                   Alliant, Convex, Gould

CONTROL-CS               Network Concepts, Inc.    Server: Compaq (Tandem)
                         9 Mt. Pleasant Turnpike   NSK, HP-UX, Linux, SCO,
                         Denville, NJ 07834-3612   SGI, Sun Solaris, MS WinNT
                         tel.: 973-285-0202
                           Client: PC (MS Win95/98,

Corporate RCS            Thompson Automation       HP-UX, Sun (Solaris),
                           Software                PC (DOS, MS Windows, WFW
                         5616 SW Jefferson         Win95, WinNT, OS/2)
                         Portland, OR 97221
                         tel: 800-944-0139
                         FAX: 503-224-3230

Disciplined Software     Saint Mavris Technology   most major UNIXes,
Management               15 Wardell Dr             Windows
                         Lucas Heights
                         Sydney, NSW 2234
                         tel: 61-0403206586
                         FAX: 61-295410840

DRTS                     ILSI                      Sun (SunOS), PC (DOS,
                         6235 E. Monte Carlo Ave   MS Windows, Win95,
                         Scottsdale, AZ 85254      SCO UNIX)
                         tel.: 602-991-8281
                         FAX:  602-991-6324

Endevor Workstation      Computer Associates
                         1 Computer Associates Plaza
                         Islandia, N.Y. 11788

ExcoConf                 Excosoft AB               DEC OpenVMS, HP-UX,
                         Electrum 420              IBM AIX, Sun,
                         164 40 Kista
                         Sweden                    PC (MS Win3.1, Win95, NT)
                         tel.: +46 8 703 9190
                         FAX:  +46 8 703 9490

FtpVC                    Gregory Nisnevich         PC (MS Win95, NT)
(FTP Version Control)

Human-Oriented           Aladdin Knowledge         PC (MS Win95, NT)
Programming Environment    Systems, Inc.           (Sun Solaris in progress)
                         tel.: 800-223-4277
                         tel.: 212-564-5678
                         FAX:  212-564-3377

Software Manager     Vertical Sky                  PC (MS-DOS, MS Windows,
                         2500 S Highland Ave       Win/NT, OS/2, SCO UNIX),
                         Lombard IL 60148          Most UNIX's (H-P, IBM
                                                   RS/6000, Sun.
                         tel.: 1-800-633-1235      See writeup
                            or 1-630-495-2108      for others.)
                         FAX:  1-630-495-3591

NeumaCM+                 Neuma Technology Inc.
                         1010 Polytek Unit 2       HP-UX, Solaris, AIX,
                         Ottawa, Ontario, Canada   SGI, Linux, SCO SunOS,
                         K1J 9H8                   OpenVMS, Win95, WinNT
                         tel.: 613-749-9450
                         FAX:  613-749-1416

Perforce                 Perforce Software         50+ including
                         2320 Blanding Ave         most Unix vendors, plus
                         Alameda, CA 94501         FreeBSD and Linux),
                         tel: +1-510-864-7400      Windows/95, Windows/NT,
                         FAX: +1-510-864-5340      Macintosh, OS/2,
                        VMS, BeOS,
                                                   IBM OS/390 Open Edition

Product Configuration    Tesseract Technologies    PC (DOS)
Management (PCM)           (Pty) Ltd               (Windows / Win95 in dev.)
                         P.O. Box 9
                         Irene 1675
                         South Africa
                         FAX: +27-12-997-1082

PVCS                     MERANT                    HP-UX, IBM AIX RS/6000,
                         701 East Middlefield Rd   Sun Solaris, PC (SCO,
                         Mountain View, CA 94043   Win3.1, Win/NT, Win95)
                         tel.: 800-872-6265
                         FAX:  650-404-7217

                         Corporate Headquarters:
                         The Lawn
                         22-30 Old Bath Road
                         Berkshire, England RG14 1QN
                         tel.: +1635 32646
                         FAX:  +1635 33966

(PVCS)                   Synergex                  Linux, SCO UNIX, SCO
                         2330 Gold Meadow Way      UnixWare, QNX, Apple
                         Gold River, CA 95670      Macintosh System 7.x, MIPS
                         tel.: 916-635-7300        ABI, DG AViiON, Digital
                        UNIX, OpenVMS/AXP, NCR,
                                                   AlphaNT, SVR4 iAPX,
                                                   Sequent's Dynix/Ptx,
                                                   and Sun OS.

QEF                      QEF Advanced Software Inc. Digital VMS with Posix
                         Toronto and Kitchener,    HP-UX, IBM AIX, MS WinNT,
                         Ontario, Canada           Solaris, UnixWare, IRIX,
                             Linux, Lynx

PrimeCode                Data Design Systems, Inc. Server: Tandem Himalaya
                         5915 Airport Blvd.
                         Suite 625                 Clients: Unix,
                         Mississauga, ON L4V 1T1   PC (Win, Win95, Win/NT,
                         Canada                    OS/2)
                         tel.: 905-677-6666
                         FAX:  905-677-6671

Razor                    Visible Systems           Sun (both Solaris and
                         248 Main Street           SunOS), HP, SGI,
                         Oneida, NY  13421         RS/6000, Digital Unix
                         tel.: 315-363-8000        Linux, PC(Win95/98,
                         FAX:  315-363-7488        WinNT)

Revision Control Engine  DuraSoft, GmbH            MS Win3.x, Win95, WinNT,
(RCE)                    Breslauerstr. 14          OS/2,
                         D-76139 Karlsruhe         AIX, HP-UX, IRIX, Linux,
                         Germany                   SCO, SunOS, Solaris,
                         tel.: +49 721 968-4664    Digital Unix
                         FAX: +49 721 968-4665

Software Configuration   IBM Corp.                 A component of ISPF
Library Manager (SCLM)                             for IBM MVS mainframes

SABLIME                  Lucent Technologies       (wide range of UNIX)
                         10 Independence Blvd.
                         Room 3A-32
                         Warren, New Jersey 07059
                         tel.: 800-462-8146 or
                         FAX:  908-580-6335
                         Europe: +45 43 42 13 42
                         Europe FAX: +45 43 42 23 42

Serena ChangeMan DS      Serena Software Inc.      HP/3000 (HP MPE/iX)
                         2755 Campus Drive,        HP (HP-UX), HP NonStop,
                         3rd Floor                 IBM (AIX), Linux (Intel),
                         San Mateo, CA 94403       OS/390, OS/400, SCO UNIX,
                         tel.: 650-522-6600        SunOS/Solaris, AS400,
                         FAX: 650-522-6699         PC (MS Windows NT, Windows 2

Serena Change Man ZMF    Serena Software, Inc.     IBM (MVS); Zos
                         2755 Campus Drive,        interface available
                         3rd Floor
                         San Mateo, CA 94403
                         tel.: 650-522-6600
                         FAX: 650-522-6699

SoftBench CM             Hewlett-Packard           HP-UX, Solaris
                         3404 E. Harmony Road
                         Fort Collins, CO 80525
                         tel.: 1-800-738-4447
                               Dept. A225

Source Code Manager      UniPress Software Inc     Unix: HP, IBM, Sun,
                         2025 Lincoln Hwy          SGI, SCO, DEC, Unixware,
                         Edison, NJ 08817          Linux
                         tel.: 908-287-2100
                         FAX:  908-287-4929

SourceOffSite            SourceGear Corporation    PC (Win95/98, WinNT)
Professional Edition     3200 Farber Drive         Other clients: Linux, Solari
                         Champaign, IL 61822
                         tel.: 217-356-3213

StarTeam                 StarBase Corporation      PC (Win95, WinNT),
                         4 Hutton Centre Dr.       UNIX command line support
                         Suite 800
                         Santa Ana, CA 92707
                         tel.: 714-445-4400
                         FAX:  714-445-4404

TeamConnection           IBM Corp.                UNIX and PC
                         1133 Westchester Ave.
                         White Plains, NY 10604
                         tel.: 602-217-2025

TeamSite                 Interwoven, Inc.          Server: Windows NT,
                         1195 W. Fremont Ave.#2000  Sun Solaris
                         Sunnyvale, CA 94087       Client: Any System
                         tel.: 408-774-2000         with Web Browser
                         FAX:  408-774-2002         (NFS+SMB)

SPARCworks/TeamWare      SunSoft                   Sun (SunOS, Solaris 2)
ProWorks/TeamWare        2550 Garcia Ave.          Intel (Solaris, UnixWare)
                         Mountain View, CA  94043  HP (Early Access in 1994)
                         tel.: 1-800-SUNSOFT (U.S.)
                               +1 415-336-6848
                         FAX:  +1 415-968-6396

TLIB                     Burton Systems Software   PC (DOS, Windows,
                         P.O.Box 4157              Win/NT, OS/2)
                         Cary, NC 27519-4157  USA
                         tel.: 1-919-233-8128
                         FAX:  1-919-233-0716

TRUEchange               TRUE Software             DEC (VAX/VMS, Digital
(formerly ADC/Pro)       300 Fifth Avenue          UNIX), HP-UX, RS/6000 AIX,
                         Waltham, MA 02154         Siemens/Pyramid, SGI UNIX,
                         tel.: 781-890-4450        Sun (SunOS, Solaris,
                         FAX:  781-890-4452        Solaris x86), Sequent
                        DYNIX, IBM MVS,
                                                   PC (MS Win95, Win/NT)

Turnover                 SoftLanding Systems      AS/400
                         84 Elm Street
                         Peterborough, NH 03458
                         tel.: +1-603-924-8818
                         FAX:  +1-603-924-8508

Visual Enabler           Softlab                   Clients: PC (Win95, WinNT)
                         1000 Abernathy Rd,        Servers: WinNT
                         Suite 1000                (AIX, HP-UX, Digital UNIX
                         Atlanta, GA 30328          planned 4Q97)
                         tel.: +1 770 668 8811
                         FAX:  +1 770 668 8712

Visual SourceSafe        Microsoft Corp.           PC (MS-DOS, MS Windows,
                         One Microsoft Way         Win/NT: Intel, Alpha, MIPS),
                         Redmond, WA 98052-6399
                         tel.: 800-426-9400
                         FAX:  206-635-6100

                         Mainsoft                  UNIX (AIX, HP-UX,
                         1270 Oakmead Parkway,     SPARC Solaris,
                         Suite 310                 SGI MIPS)
                         Sunnyvale, CA 94086
                         tel.: 800-MAIN WIN (USA)
                         tel.: 408-774-3400
                         FAX:  408-774-3404

                         Metrowerks Corporation    Macintosh
                         9801 Metric Boulevard
                         Austin TX 78758
                         tel.: 512-873-4700
                         FAX:  512-873-4901

Versions Of Outdated     UNI Software Plus         Macintosh
Documents Organized      Softwarepark Hagenberg
Orthogonally (Voodoo)    A-4232 Hagenberg
                         AUSTRIA (Europe)
                         FAX: +43 (7236) 37 69

   As with products in many markets, some CM Tools and vendors come in
   and some leave. The following list contains information for products
   which may be still in use, but for which newsgroup contributors were
   unable to locate current market contacts or for which the vendors had
   advised the tool was obsolete. They are listed here to help anwser
   questions such as "Heard about tool XYZ?" (If any tools are
   erroneously listed here, please accept my apologies and inform the FAQ
   editor so it may be corrected.)
                       Commercial CM Products
Product                  Vendor Address            Platforms

Adele                    Verilog SA                HP-UX, Sun
                         150 Rue Nicolas Vauqelin
                         BP 1310, 31106
                         Toulouse Cedex, France    (No longer marketed)

Domain Software          Hewlett-Packard Co.       Apollo
Engineering Environment  300 Apollo Drive
(DSEE)                   Chelmsford, MA 01824
                          1-800-637-7740 (US)
                          1-800-387-3867 (Canada)  (No longer marketed)

MS Delta                 Microsoft                 (Retired and replaced
                                                    by Visual SourceSafe)

SMS                      Intasoft                  (withdrawn, see AllChange)

5. Version Control Systems Generally Available "Free"

  "Free" But Perhaps Not Fully Supported

   There are a number of tools generally available at no charge - some
   are delivered with most UNIX systems (so yes, you may pay for them,
   but the price is bundled with what you pay your vendor already),
   others need to be transferred from an archive site on the Internet
   using a tool such as FTP. In some cases they will need to be compiled
   at your site. Most come bundled with adequate documentation. Since
   many of these tools are provided without support, it may not be
   advisable to use them on some projects. For completeness, they have
   been listed here despite that potential drawback. Those tools with
   World Wide Web sites are listed in section 8, CM Tools With World Wide
   Web Sites at the end of this document. (The Web site may provide more
   specific product information than can be made available in this FAQ.)

  /BriefCase Toolkit

   The /BriefCase 3 Toolkit expands the basic capabilities of the
   Revision Control System (RCS) commands to manage software system
   component revisions throughout their development, release and
   maintenance life-cycles. It runs on most Unix/Linux systems with the
   generally available versions of the Korn Shell and awk. Available
   since 1992 from Applied Computer Sciences, inc., /Briefcase source is
   released under the GNU General Public License (GPL). Contact them at
   P.O.Box 8003; Cave Creek, AZ 85327; (voice) 623-465-8865, (fax)
   623-465-1078 or email: or visit on the Web for additional

  Emacs Offers Extensions For Version Control

   While not a CM tool in itself, Emacs 19 includes a mode called VC that
   increases the leverage available from RCS, SCCS, or CVS, and decreases
   the hassles of using those CM tools. VC automatically detects which
   version control system is being used and auto-configures for it.
   (Systems can be mixed and it will do the right thing). It hides the
   details of registration, checkin, checkout and lock-stealing behind a
   simple one-command "do the next logical thing" interface -- users
   never leave Emacs. VC also includes functions for viewing version
   diffs and change histories, making and retrieving named release
   snapshots, and generating version-difference patches. It even supports
   a modified Dired mode that allows you to do "batch" version-control
   operations on groups of files (for example, it becomes trivial to
   check in changes to 23 different files with the same change comment).

   Additional information may be obtained by invoking Emacs 19 and typing
   `M-x info RETURN m emacs RETURN m vc RETURN'.


   Aegis is a project change supervisor distributed under the GNU public
   license. It was written by Peter Miller ( or Reportedly it is a developer's tool, not a
   manager's tool. It does not provide progress tracking or manage work
   allocation. Aegis 2.2 copes with heterogenous environments.

   While CVS (described elsewhere in this report) provides a repository;
   aegis provides a repository, a baseline, mandatory reviews and
   mandatory testing. Aegis may be configured to use almost any history
   tool (such as RCS) and almost any dependency maintenance tool (such as
   make), although traditional make may not be sufficiently capable.

   The most significant point of departure between CVS and Aegis is
   around the "checkin" function. Although CVS does have the ability to
   run a script which allow or disallows a checkin before it occurs,
   Aegis breaks this step into several pieces: the change must be known
   to build, the change must have tests and those tests be known to have
   run and passed, the change must then be reviewed (double check), and
   then built and tested again (triple check).

   The latest information and version of Aegis is available by HTTP from Reference material, the
   complete sourse, and its own FAQ are available.


   BCS stands for Baseline Configuration System. It was written by Jay
   Berkenbilt ( and runs on UNIX only. Like CVS, BCS attempts
   to add concurrency to an existing version control system, but it does
   so with a different approach. The primary function of BCS is to
   maintain a stable "baseline" controlled under RCS or SCCS and multiple
   "staging areas" that are mirrors of the baseline (implemented as
   symbolic link trees).

   BCS is no longer being actively enhanced or maintained. The last
   released version was 2.0.2. Version 3.0 alpha 6, from late 1995, is a
   stable snapshot version that implements some of the changes specified
   for version 3.0. No further releases are expected. Please email the
   author ( for further information.


   CVS (Concurrent Versions System), which requires RCS (built in after
   version 1.10), extends RCS to control concurrent editing of sources by
   several users working on releases built from a hierarchical set of
   directories. "RCS is [analogous to using] assembly language, while CVS
   is [like using] Pascal", according to the author. Beginning with rev
   1.8, a "cvs annotate" command displays the last modification for each
   line of a file, with the revision number, user checking in the
   modification, and date of the modification.

   CVS is available for download from A user
   WWW site is available at

   Information about tkcvs, a Tk based graphical interface to CVS, may be
   found at: Information about
   a Web interface to CVS may be found at:

   Cervisia is a KDE graphical frontend for the the CVS client. It
   features checking out a module from a repository; updating or
   retrieving the status of a working directory or single files; common
   operations like add, remove and commit; diff against the repository
   and between different revisions; annotated view of a file; view of the
   log messages in tree and list form; and resolving of conflicts in a
   file. A changelog editor is integrated with commiting files. Cervisia
   may be found at

   WinCVS is a GUI front end for CVS. Versions are available (under the
   terms of the GPL) for several platforms, including Windows and Mac.
   More information may be found at

   The Chrooted SSH CVS server HOW-TO, which describes the steps
   necessary to setup a very network-secure CVS server, allowing SSH
   access to chrooted CVS repositories may be found at


   An test release of GNU CSSC version 0.09 is available. This is still
   an alpha edition (i.e., not a final release). CSSC is, of course,
   covered by the GNU General Public License.

   CSSC may be found in the file (about 375K long, compressed)

   GNU CSSC is a workalike for the traditional SCCS suite. If you didn't
   already know what SCCS is, please use RCS instead of trying CSSC. This
   software is not reccomended for new projects, but is a faithful
   reproduction of SCCS, though some features may not be available yet.

   The principal aim for the prerelease is to get CSSC tested on as many
   platforms as possible, and to obtain new test suites so that more
   extensive testing can be done.

   Documentation is provided, but is very incomplete, and if you need
   much documentation you should be using RCS or CVS instead.

   Comments about the CSSC package should be directed to CSSC was originally based on the public domain
   package MySC, which was written by Ross Ridge.


   Its authors report that the Incremental Configuration Engine (ICE) is
   a tool that will provide a logic-based support for all areas of
   configuration management, including integrated and uniform revision
   and variant management, binary file repositories, inference of
   configuration consistency, and deductive program construction, while
   being as compatible as possible with existing standards.

   Users have reported problems with crashes in the GUI and some "serious
   problems" with the command line. It mapped filenames in the usual 8.3
   PC NFS manner, even if the source file and archive files were on the
   same Windows 95 disk, and it didn't do that mapping consistantly,
   causing the user to be unable to check in two files with similar names
   or to out a file which had been checked in because it mapped the name
   differently. Although it is still available, ICE is no longer

   A supplier WWW site is available at


   The OSF Development Environment (ODE) from the Open Group is a
   flexible development environment with build and source control
   features and both private and public work areas for software
   development. Additional information and download may be found at:

  Project Revision Control System (PRCS)

   PRCS, the Project Revision Control System is the front end to a set of
   tools that deal with sets of files and directories as an entity,
   preserving coherent versions of the entire set.

   PRCS was designed primarily by Professor P. N. Hilfinger, with input
   and modifications by Luigi Semenzato and Josh MacDonald. PRCS is
   written and maintained by Josh MacDonald.

   Its purpose is similar to that of SCCS, RCS, and CVS, but (according
   to its authors, at least), it is much simpler than any of those

   PRCS can be found at ftp://XCF.Berkeley.EDU/pub/. HTML
   documentation and recent developments are available online at

   PRCS is released under the GNU public license.


   RCS (Revision Control System) is often considered to be better than
   SCCS. One reason for this is that RCS baselines the most recent
   version and keeps deltas for earlier ones, making new development
   faster. Additional discussions concerning SCCS vs RCS may be found in
   the comp.unix.questions FAQ, section 7 at:

   RCS still requires scripts to make life easier on the developer.
   Originally created by Walter Tichy, RCS is still maintained by Purdue
   (email to It is available on the GNU
   distribution, has been widely ported, and is free.

   RCS is available via anonymous FTP from and its mirror sites. Specific
   ports have been found at:
      site                  filename   systems/amiga/aminet/dev/misc/HWGRCS* (Amiga port)
                          systems/atari/* (Atari port)

   DOS and NT versions have been available at

   RCS works best with GNU diffutils 2.7; look for diffutils-2.7.tar.Z.
   Many CASE tools interface with RCS.

   The FSF offers a book (108 pgs.) and CD-ROM containing the DJGPP port
   of GCC and many GNU utilities, including Diffutils and RCS. More
   information can be found at:

  rcsview - RCS and CVS file viewer

   Written in Tcl, rcsview is a companion tool that allows you to view
   the different versions of an ASCII file that is being maintained under
   RCS or CVS. Each line is colored according to the file version from
   which it came. The initial version to view may be specified on the
   command line; if no version is specified, the most recent version is
   viewed. It is available by ftp from: - its author is
   Andrew Myers (


   SCCS (Source Code Control System) is comes with most UNIX
   distributions. It has been ported to many different platforms, but is
   no longer being enhanced or improved. Though disputed, the general
   consensus has been that this tool is clumsy and not suited to large
   numbers of users working on one project. A common misconception is
   that SCCS baselines the initial version and keeps deltas to create
   newer versions. Actually, SCCS interleaves all the versions; this is
   not as bad as the common misconception, but it can make new
   development get progressively slower. Many people place scripts around
   the SCCS commands to improve the user interface.


   The shape toolkit (ShapeTools) is a set of commands for change
   control, developed by Axel Mahler, Andreas Lampen and others at the
   Technical University of Berlin. It consists of a repository (the
   Attributed File System), version control programs, a build driver
   (compatible with make), release management system, and EMACS editor
   interface. ShapeTools 1.3 was released in late May 1992; it runs on
   many UNIX variants.

   ShapeTools is available from

   In addition, gatekeeper has a mail archive server; send a message to whose body contains the single line "help".
   A user WWW site is available at


   The Subversion project (available under an Apache/BSD-style open
   source license) is intended as a replacement for CVS in the open
   source community. In addition to including all current CVS features,
   it provides versioning of directories, file renames, and file
   meta-data and it supports symbolic lynks. Commits are atomic; revision
   numbers are per-commit, not per-file. For more information, see their
   Web site at:

5-b. Tools to "make" or "build" Software

   While these are not "CM" tools in the general sense, the make or build
   function is an intimate part of the overall CM process. Some
   commercial CM tools include their own make or build capability. There
   are also stand-alone commercial build tools available, but those are
   beyond the scope of this FAQ. The tools listed here all have source
   which is freely available and these tools have been mentioned in
   articles posted on this newsgroup. Please follow the pointers to the
   specific tool information.


   Ant is a Java based build tool which is different from other "make"
   type tools. Ant is extended using Java classes rather than shell
   commands. Instead of writing shell commands and the configuration
   files are XML based calling out a target tree where various tasks get
   executed rather than Makefiles. For more information, see the Web site


   Bake is an intelligent Open Source build tool for developers. Its
   features include: "automagic dependency information gathering" and it
   is released under the WERKEN PUBLIC LICENSE (WPL), an Open Source
   license. Additional information may be found at


   Rule Based Command Execution: It is written in
   Tcl, so no compilation is required. Its rules include a Tcl-syntax so
   that commands associated with rules may contain control structures.


   This toolset manages references between baseline builds when compiling
   large software projects that consist of multiple smaller projects. It
   is listed with other utilities at:


   A software construction system: CONS is a
   Perl5-based replacement for MAKE, though it is not compatible with
   make. Reportedly, it has a number of capabilities not found in other
   software construction systems, including make. CONS supports building
   on both UNIX operating systems and Windows NT. CONS is distributed
   under a license similar to the BSD license. An FAQ is available at


   A software build tool:
   Cook is a tool for constructing files. It is given a set of files to
   create, and recipes of how to create them. The source distribution is
   self configuring using a GNU Autoconf generated configure script.


   Make(1) Redux: Jam/MR is a
   make(1) replacement that makes building simple things simple and
   building complicated things manageable. The Jam/MR source code is
   freely available from Perforce Software, and comes with no warranty,
   guarantee, or user support.


   Not a CM tool, but according to author Geoffrey Clemm, Odin is a
   simpler, more reliable, and more powerful replacement for Make. It is
   designed to combine the simplicity and elegance of the original Make
   program with the power of the latest super-Makes. Some of Odin's
   features include:
     * building several variants concurrently from a single source tree
     * parallel builds on multiple remote hosts
     * persistent dependency database with incremental update
     * building directly from arbitrary versions of RCS and SCCS files,
       without requiring checkout of working copy
     * complete separation between build rules and system definitions

   Odin is distributed under the GNU General Public License. The source
   code and reference manual for Odin can be retrieved via anonymous ftp
   from You can subscribe to
   the Odin mailing list ( by sending a "subscribe
   odin" mail message to


   SCons is a software construction tool (build tool, or alternative to
   Make) implemented in Python, based on the winning design in the
   Software Carpentry build tool competition (in turn based on the Cons
   build tool). A web site is available at:

6. Commercial Configuration Management Tools

  Growing Number On Market

   With an increased emphasis on software development costs, more
   companies have begun offering stand-alone configuration management
   tools. It is impossible to provide user's comments concerning all the
   available tools. A brief summary of the tools mentioned most
   frequently on the Usenet newsgroup is
   provided below so that your site may decide if it would be appropriate
   to consider one of these tools. These comments do not necessarily
   reflect the opinion or experiences of the author of this document.

   Contact information such as address and phone number may be found in
   section 4, Commercial Vendor Contact List, of this document. Those
   products with World Wide Web sites are listed in section 8, CM Tools
   With World Wide Web Sites at the end of this document. (The Web site
   may provide more specific product information than can be made
   available in this FAQ.)


   +1CM from +1 Software Engineering is one of fourteen products
   supporting the +1Environment. It supports multiple users working on a
   common project over a network. GUI is based on the graphical calling
   structure of the source code. +1CM supports all basic CM commands,
   baselines, and predefined CM reports. With +1CR, +1CM supports process
   management. With +1Base, generates makefiles for C, C++, FORTRAN,
   Pascal, and other languages. Also provides support for Ada libraries.
   A supplier WWW site is available at


   AccuRev(tm), from AccuRev Inc. (formerly Ede Development Enterprises)
   is a transaction based internet client/server CM tool. It
   automatically versions directories, provides transaction-oriented (as
   opposed to file-oriented) pre & post triggers which can run on both
   the client and the server. AccuRev has been written from scratch and
   is not built on top of an existing system such as RCS or SCCS.

   Users have reported that installation was simple and the features were
   useful and robust. Particularly liked was its implicit branching.
   AccuRev provides good support wih rapid turn-around on questions and
   is integrated with the company's problem management tool,

   A supplier WWW site is available at


   AllChange is a full-featured configuration management and change
   control system with integrated problem management from Intasoft. Its
   features include:
     * version creation, tracking, restoration
     * user-definable life-cycles with action triggering for automated
     * change request/fault tracking, with actions and links to objects
     * workspaces, shared pools, full configuration building
     * baselines, releases, monitors, registers, ...
     * query/reporting facilities
     * metrics generation and graphical reporting
     * completely configurable; script language; open interface to tools
     * Motif/Windows GUIs or command line
     * available for Unix, Windows 3.x, NT and 95
     * client/server support

   A user reports it is a very flexible configuration management system
   which may be configured to match whatever life-cycle you are using and
   to enforce whatever constraints you need. Support has been good. A
   supplier WWW site is available at

  CCC/Harvest, CCC/Manager, CCC QuikTrak

   The Change and Configuration Control (CCC) family of change and
   configuration control products provide comprehensive CM solutions for
   every major computing platform, from mainframe to VAX to UNIX to PC,
   including cross-platform, client/server environments.

   CCC/Harvest is Computer Associates' (formerly Platinum Technology) CM
   solution specifically designed for cross-platform, client/server
   software development environments. CCC/Harvest utilizes commercially
   available RDBMSs, integrated problem tracking, an API and GUI to
   provide process management, visibility and control over the entire
   development life cycle. CCC/Harvest also provides robust CM features
   that automate version control, change packaging, staging, concurrent
   and parallel development, multiple releases, emergency maintenance and
   software customization. A supplier WWW site is available at

   CCC/Manager is a CM tool for homogeneous development environments that
   automates the management of version control, change packaging,
   staging, concurrent and parallel development, multiple releases,
   emergency maintenance and software customization. CCC/Manager is
   available for Windows, OS/2, Windows NT, Sun-4/SPARCstation, HP9000,
   DEC RISC/ULTRIX, IBM RS/6000, Silicon Graphics and SCO. CCC/Life Cycle
   Manager provides CM for IBM/MVS systems, including component and
   application management, application merging, parallel development and
   vendor code maintenance.

   CCC QuikTrak is a powerful, automated change and version management
   tool for Excel spreadsheet users that keeps track of multiple
   spreadsheet versions and allows users to quickly compare versions and
   identify the impact of their changes. It also conserves disk space by
   saving only the changes made to spreadsheets instead of a duplicate of
   the entire file. CCC QuikTrak appears directly within Excel as an
   additional menu in the menu bar.


   ClearCase, by Rational (formerly Pure Atria) was designed by the
   original DSEE architects (see below). It runs on a variety of Unix and
   MS Windows systems (see platforms above). The Attache product provides
   most client functions for Windows users. Both a command line interface
   and a GUI are available.

   In addition to version control and CM functions, advanced capabilities
   include 32-way merge, versioning of any object (including
   directories), logical version labeling, parallel builds distributed
   over a network, and triggers for local site customizing. Versioned
   history files may be compressed for space savings. The checkout
   mechanism gives the appearance of leaving the file in place, so the
   ClearCase source library is often used as a current working directory.
   Although traditional make files may be used, simpler syntax and
   enhanced tracking functions are available with clearmake. An automated
   conversion utility aids migration from other CM tools. The unique DSEE
   conversion utility preserves all DSEE versions, dates and reasons of
   changes, indications of merges, and version labels in the new

   The ClearCase MultiSite(TM) option provides support for parallel
   development and software reuse across geographically distributed
   project teams, even without a network connection. ClearDDTS provides
   integrated problem management and the ClearGuide option provides
   software process management functions to round out the tool offering.

   Tools automating a complex process are always a bit tricky to learn or
   configure and user comments confirm that is the case at many ClearCase
   sites. However, this quote from a satisfied user seems to echo the
   feelings of many who find ClearCase a necessity at their locations:
   "If you could measure the true cost of producing software (and not
   just the cost of the tools used), you will find that ClearCase is a

   A supplier WWW site is available at

  CM Synergy

   CM Synergy from Telelogic (which acquired Continuus Software Corp.,
   formerly CaseWare, Inc., formerly Amplify Control) is an interactive
   development environment emphasizing configuration management. Its
   client/server architecture can be distributed across all supported
   platforms to implement distributed development and SCM. A supplier WWW
   site is available at


   Configuration Management Facility (CMF) supports a hierarchy of
   projects, end items and files. Components from the controlled area can
   easily be moved into and out of the user's staging area. Files can be
   shared using links; when parallel development is turned on for a link,
   branching is enabled. There is a facility for problem reports and an
   extensive capability for forms building and filling. The Build Support
   Tool provides templates for Makefiles. In addition to the menu driven
   and command line interfaces, common commands can be executed from the
   operating system via C functions. A supplier WWW site is available at

  Code Co-op

   Reliable Software's Code Co-op is a server-less version control system
   for the PC which enables programmers to exchange scripts via the
   Internet. A supplier WWW site is available at

  CMS and MMS

   Included in Digital Equipments Corp.'s DECset are CMS and MMS. CMS:
   Code Management System; Code libraries and configuration control. MMS:
   Module Management System; Like make integrated to CMS. These products
   are operational on VMS platforms. A supplier WWW site is available at


   IBM Configuration Management and Version Control (CMVC) is a
   client-server based tool provided with both a GUI and command line
   interface. It performs integrated defect/feature tracking and source
   control. Source files are stored in file trees known as Releases. CMVC
   encourages file sharing via the concept of File Links. A File may be
   linked to several Releases. Within Releases, files can be grouped into
   Components. Components are arranged in a tree-like structure.
   Components provided logical grouping as well as notification and
   access control to the files and associated Defects. CMVC also provides
   the concept of a Level, which can be thought of as snapshot (in time)
   of a given Release. All information about files, defects, etc is
   stored in a relational database. This makes CMVC a powerful tool for
   reporting and information gathering. A front-end tool allows users to
   perform SQL queries. A choice of databases is available, including
   Sybase, DB/6000, Oracle, and Informix. It is well suited to medium to
   large projects. This product has been replaced by IBM TeamConnection.


   CMZ is a code and text manager for all programming and text processing
   languages. It is widely used in all High Energy Physics Institutions
   to provide version archiving, editing, checking, and library
   management functions. There are some additional built-in utilities to
   aid C and Fortran users. CMZ files can be binary compressed to
   minimize the use of disk space. CMZ binary compressed files can be
   copied from one platform to another without conversion or they can be
   accessed through mounts over a heterogeneous network via NFS, AFS,
   etc. CMZ provides an identical user interface on all platforms listed
   in the table above. In addition, the vendor says they are committed to
   supporting CMZ on all new popular platforms so that CMZ customers can
   be assured of continued support in the future. A supplier WWW site is
   available at


   Network Concepts began offering an SCM tool called CONTROL to the
   Tandem (now Compaq) computer market place in 1982. It now also offers
   a client-server product, CONTROL-CS. The client runs under several PC
   operating systems. Servers are availabile for Compaq NSK, WinNT, and
   UNIX platforms. A supplier WWW site is available at

  Corporate RCS

   Corporate RCS by Thompson Automation Software manages software
   versions over mutliple platforms. A supplier WWW site is available at

  Disciplined Software Management

   Disciplined Software Management by Saint Mavris Technology is a
   client/server system. It contains three functional areas: Software
   Development for version control, make and build; Software Management
   for software distribution and releasing; Discipline 4GL, is a 4GL used
   for implementing the user interface, screens, and commands. The entire
   functionality of Discipline consists of server transactions which can
   be invoked locally or remotely by a Discipline 4GL program. This
   architecture allows it to be tailored to the exact user requirements
   and methodology. A supplier WWW site is available at


   The Distributed Revision Tracking System (DRTS) by ILSI provides
   software configuration management. A supplier WWW site is available at


   Domain Software Engineering Environment (DSEE - pronounced dizzy) by
   Apollo (now Hewlett-Packard) was an excellent program that had
   excellent version control and managed builds for the user. These
   builds could be customized easily to a specific purpose and spread out
   over several different machines simultaneously. It was excellent for
   large development projects. DSEE's main problem was that it could not
   be ported to other machines since it used the proprietary facilities
   of Domain/OS. Hewlett-Packard has classified Domain/OS as "mature" and
   most customers have migrated to HP-UX (which will not run DSEE) and
   many chose ClearCase as their CM tool replacement. DSEE was marketed
   only by Hewlett-Packard and is no longer sold. It is included here for
   historical reference (and because a few sites were still using it even
   after 2000).


   ExcoConf by Excosoft AB is reportedly a high-end SCM tool available
   for multiple platforms. Marketed since 1986, about 80% of its 200
   customers are located in Sweden. Its customer base includes 3-4000
   users world wide. Since little has been mentioned on the newsgroup
   about it, user comments are requested. Please send them to the FAQ
   editor (see bottom of this FAQ).

  Endevor Workstation

   Endevor Workstation from Computer Associates Intnl. automates the
   software development process, including software configuration
   management. A supplier WWW site is available at

  FtpVC (FTP Version Control)

   FtpVC (FTP Version Control) is a simple shareware MS Windows 95 and
   Windows NT version control system available by ftp from Gregory
   Nisnevich. It allows "joined" software development using Internet FTP
   connections. Developers may perform simple SCM tasks such as get,
   check out, check in, and undo check out files on a remote server. This
   program lacks some features that are common to modern version control
   systems such as file versioning, branching, merging, and other
   advanced features. However, since it utilizes a full file copy, there
   is no server configuration or complex database to be administered. A
   supplier WWW site is available at


   HOPE is an object-oriented team programming environment for C/C++ and
   Java which runs on PCs. A version for Solaris under development.


   NeumaCM+ from Neuma Technology Inc. provides Configuration Management,
   Version Control, Change Control, Product Management, Problem Tracking,
   Activity Tracking, Build Management, Document Management, and
   Requirements Tracking.


   Tesseract Technology is a small South African company with a suite of
   DOS products, including Product Configuration Management (PCM).
   Evaluation copies are available at no cost. A supplier WWW site is
   available at


   PERFORCE by Perforce Software is a client/server system which
   emphasises performance and provides such features as versioning,
   change control, shared access, and auditing for software production
   teams. Users have reported that while it uses more disk space than
   some competing products, its sparser use of the network offers
   advantages. Reportedly, it is a very nice SCM system at a very
   reasonable price. It includes atomic change transactions where a group
   of changes is either all commited or none of it is commited (as in
   database transactions). It has a branching and merging mechanism.
   Although it doesn't have the power of a top tier product, it certainly
   is a product to consider for serious projects requiring the features
   it offers. A supplier WWW site is available at


   PVCS by MERANT (formed by the combination of Micro Focus and
   Intersolv) offers basic of support for CM, using SCCS-like commands.
   It may be more appropriate for small development projects than some of
   the more complex or more costly products. Reportedly, changes in
   recent revisions offer more substantial features, but user experience
   and comment on the newsgroup have not become prevalent yet. Problem
   tracking is provided via integrations with third-party products such
   as Control First by Repository Technology (708-515-0780). A supplier
   WWW site is available at

  QEF Software Process Automation System

   QEF from Advanced Software Inc. is a commercial product which drives
   the software process. It integrates with the version management
   system, with the test and auditing tools and is available on major
   platforms from PCs through to mainframes. A supplier WWW site is
   available at

  Quma Version Control System (QVCS)

   Author Jim Voris ( reports that although QVCS is not a
   heavyweight product, it is a good fit for smaller projects with a team
   size of 10 or less. A version of QVCS is available for 32-bit Windows
   platforms (95 and NT); a separate version is available for 16-bit
   Windows. Both products include command line tools and a GUI interface.
   QVCS provides many of the same features as more expensive commercial
   tools. QVCS may be obtained via anonymous FTP from in
   /pub/jimv/ (for 16 bit users) or /pub/jimv/
   (for 32-bit users). A supplier WWW site is available at


   RAZOR from Visible Systems Corporation (formerly from Tower Concepts)
   is an easily tailored configuration management package with an
   integrated problem tracking system. It offers control and coordination
   of file versioning and product build management for both ASCII and
   binary files. Its easily parsed ASCII database encourages users to
   generate their own scripts for report generation and process control.
   By attaching shell scripts both before and after Razor events, the
   tool becomes an enforcement vehicle for the development process. Razor
   is available on SunOS, Solaris, HPUX, AIX, IRIX, Linux, and MS WinNT
   with clients also on MS Win95/98/NT. A supplier WWW site is available

   A company representative stressed that it is extremely easy to try out
   their product. Both documentation and a full copy of the product for
   evaluation are available by FTP. New releases and patches are handled
   in the same manner.


   DuraSoft is now the marketing partner of Mr. Walter F. Tichy, the
   developer of both RCS and the Revision Control Engine (RCE). The
   product has been on the market since 1994. In 1997 RCE was totally
   rewritten, and by March 1998, a brand new GUI is expected.

   Byte Differencing Engine (BDE) is a new API for difference encoding
   now available from DuraSoft. The API is taken from the core of RCE.
   Like RCE, BDE can work with any kind of data.


   SABLIME by Lucent Technologies (formerly AT&T Software Solutions)
   provides managers and developers with a tool that tracks changes to a
   product consisting of software, hardware, firmware, and/or documents,
   from its origination, through maintenance, delivery, and support. It
   has an integrated Modification Request capability. A supplier WWW site
   is available at

  Serena ChangeMan DS

   Serena ChangeMan DS (formerly known as eChangeMan and before that as
   Diamond CM) by Serena Software, Inc. has been available in the HP/3000
   market since the 1980s as VCS-UX by Diamond Optimum Systems. In the
   late 1990s, the product became available on UNIX and was known as
   Diamond CM. In mid-1999 Serena Software acquired Diamond Optimum
   Systems and the product was renamed. Beginning with release 5.0.6
   there was a new MS Windows GUI as well as a Java-based version.
   Originally a version control product, Serena ChangeMan DS now has a
   complete Configuration Management focus and has become a comprehensive
   cross-platform development workbench environment, which offers process
   control, version control, release / build management, programming
   editor, software distribution, and other features. A supplier WWW site
   is available at

   User comments have not been received at this time. Please contact the
   FAQ editor if you have used this product and can comment.

  Serena ChangeMan ZMF

   Serena Change Man ZMF, by Serena Software, Inc. is a process-based SCM
   solution for MVS environments. A supplier WWW site is available at

  Software Configuration Library Manager (SCLM)

   SCLM by IBM is a component of ISPF, which is which is part of OS/390
   and the newer z/OS mainframes. It manages (MVS) sources and binaries,
   features build, promote (move from one development level to another),
   source versioning and common sources among different projects. A user
   reports "it has its limitations but can be customized and extended to
   do very useful things." A supplier WWW site is available at

  Software Manager

   Software Manager from Vertical Sky, wholly-owned group of Mortice Kern
   Systems, Inc (MKS) was formerly known as MKS Source Integrity from
   Mortice Kern Systems. It thinks and works like most software
   development teams do -- in terms of team based, project oriented, and
   cross platform development environments. Key features include complete
   project management facilities, Visual Merge, new reporting
   capabilities, event triggers, a new configuration language,
   integration into Visual C++ and Borland C++, an automated building
   process, file promotion, and NetWare specific functionality. MKS
   Source Integrity is available on DOS, OS/2, Windows, Windows NT, and a
   variety of UNIX platforms. A supplier WWW site is available at

  Source Code Manager

   Source Code Manager (SCM), from UniPress Software Inc, is a
   configuration management tool for Unix users which supports parallel
   development on multiprogrammer projects. SCM supports command line and
   X Windows interfaces, multisite, integrated problem tracking and many
   other advanced features and reports. A free single user -- but
   multiple working copy -- version of SCM, called SCM-lite, is available
   on the UniPress Web site, or via
   anonymous ftp on SCM and SCM-lite
   are available for most Unix platforms.


   SourceOffSite by SourceGear Corporation is a 3rd party add-on to
   Visual SourceSafe. It allows companies with remote development teams
   to have fast, secure, and easy-to-use access to a centralized Visual
   SourceSafe(TM) database via any TCP/IP connection. SourceOffSite is a
   client/server application with file compression, strong encryption,
   and a "VSS like" client that supports all major Visual SourceSafe
   operations. SourceOffSite does not require Windows Remote Access
   Service (RAS). In addition to MS Windows, clients are available for
   Linux and Solaris.


   StarTeam by StarBase Corporation offers common version control
   features such as check-in/check-out, branching and merging, multiple
   directory support, and key-word expansion, plus integrated interface
   features to improve ease of use. Some of the additional features
   include version and build labels and an integrated defect tracking

   StarTeam has a good combination of both version-control and integrated
   bug-tracking, plus some nice features such as threated messaging,
   internet client-server, and a web client interface option. It supports
   a visual merge within the tool. Unlike some of the other middle-market
   priced tools, it runs as a server and client on Windows NT, not
   requiring a UNIX server. For best performance, users have reported
   that the archives should reside on the same machine which is running
   the StarTeam service.

   Version 4.1 added a new IDE and database support. StarTeam
   interoperates with both Visual SourceSafe and PVCS archives. Other
   features added with version 4 include MS Project 98 integration for
   project planning a well as COM and Java class interfaces for client
   use over the Internet from non-Windows operating systems.

   Some users have reported data losses, particularly in multi-processor
   installations where all "service packs" have not been installed.
   (StarBase has reported that this problem was traced to Microsoft SQL
   Server 6.5 failure. If StarTeam process was run on a separate system
   this problem did not occur.) StarBase's tech support line has received
   praise from several users.

   A supplier WWW site is available at


   IBM's VisualAge TeamConnection Enterprise Server is a repository-based
   software configuration management (SCM) system designed for a team
   programming environment. It uses IBM's DB2 Universal database and
   repository technology. With VisualAge TeamConnection, you can manage
   and control development projects, increase team productivity and
   improve overall software quality. VisualAge TeamConnection supports
   multiple platforms. A supplier WWW site is available at


   Interwoven's TeamSite is a CM product specifically designed for
   Large-Scale complex web design. A supplier WWW site is available at


   SPARCworks/TeamWare from SunSoft is a visual code management
   environment featuring tools for both configuration management and for
   managing team software development processes. SPARCworks/TeamWare
   includes easy-to-use, graphical tools for version control (VerTool),
   workspace and directory management (CodeMgrTool), source file
   configuration archiving (FreezePtTool), project build acceleration
   (PMake), and automatic file merging (FileMerge).

   SPARCworks/TeamWare is not based on a proprietary file system.
   Instead, it relies on standard UNIX utilities and services like SCCS
   and NFS. Development teams that are already using SCCS can quickly
   adopt SPARCworks/TeamWare--even continue to use their SCCS wrappers.
   It has no special networking or administrative requirements, and gives
   users the ability to customize according to their own development
   methodologies. There is both an intuitive graphical user interface and
   command line access, controls for workspace access and notification,
   and easy manipulation of workspace directories for changing project
   needs and multiple releases.

   A free "Try and Buy" 30-day software evaluation kit is available.


   TLIB by Burton System Software provides version control for PC users.
   In addition to its features, it has the advantage of being relatively
   inexpensive. It handles both text and binaries and even binary deltas.
   It can do merges and and snapshots and reportedly the vendor has
   excellent tech support. A supplier WWW site is available at


   TRUEchange (formerly known as Aide-de-Camp or ADC) from TRUE Software
   provides an entity relationship database to store attributes of and
   relationships between files. Changes that are made are flexible until
   they are installed. A logical change to a version of software is
   captured as a change set, a concept critical to ADC. Developers work
   on their own branch by creating a personal change set. All files
   associated with a change set may be checked in at the same time.
   Special language scanners determine structural relationships
   automatically from the source code and this information is used to
   ensure that builds are performed when required.

   A supplier WWW site is available at


   Visual Enabler from Softlab (a subsidiary of auto maker BMW) is a
   software configuration management toolset for mid to large Windows
   development teams that build and deploy applications using Visual C++,
   Visual Basic and Visual J++. VE is based on object repository
   technology and has very tight integration to Visual C++, Visual Basic
   and Visual J++. VE is designed to provide all the benefits of CM in a
   "developer friendly" package. A supplier WWW site is available at

  Visual SourceSafe

   SourceSafe provides for true project level configuration control. In
   1995, SourceSafe was taken over by Microsoft and re-named. According
   to their sales office, Microsoft added conversion utilities from Delta
   and PVCS. The 4.0 release includes support for long filenames and UNC
   paths, a tab dialog for setting options, localization into 5
   languages, a Windows95 look and feel, and tight integration into
   Visual Basic, Visual C, Visual Test, and Fortran PowerStation.

   It has a very nice model for setting up multiple versions of a
   project. The key commands are the share, branch, merge, links, and
   paths commands. Rather than using numbers to branch, such as version in SCCS, a logical release or customer name can be used to
   implement the same construct. SourceSafe also runs on many platforms
   so it can be used for a client/server project where coding is being
   done on a Windows PC using Visual Basic, and on a UNIX workstation
   using C. It is competitively priced and easy to install and configure.
   The Microsoft System Journal (May, 1993) named SourceSafe as the best
   Windows based configuration mangement tool. The SourceSafe label
   command can be used to take a snapshot of the entire project, assign
   that version a name. The operation is rapid, even if there are 2000
   programs in the project. SourceSafe integrates with VisualStudio which
   automates checkin/checkout of code as developers work with files.
   Several mid and high end defect-tracking tools integrate with

   It has been reported that a user can access several projects at one
   time in SourceSafe, but that SourceSafe security is not very
   elaborate; it only has 4 levels of security: read-only, checkout, add,
   and destroy. This may be sufficient for some projects, but not for
   others. SourceSafe does not deal with project building (interfacing
   with Makefiles and compiling, for example). It also does not interface
   with a problem tracking tool, although that may be in the works. There
   have been numerous reports posted on the newsgroup of corrupted
   SourceSafe data repositories, particularly with large repositories or
   when the disk containing it begins to become full.

   A supplier WWW site is available at

   MainSoft Visual SourceSafe for UNIX

   SourceSafe was originally written for the PC. Mainsoft used their
   product MainWin in concert with the Microsoft Visual SourceSafe code
   to produce a UNIX version of the familiar Microsoft product. This
   product includes a Win95-style GUI. Databases can be shared between
   UNIX and MS Windows platforms by using Samba. Visual SourceSafe allows
   project level (as opposed to file level) maintenance of software
   source code, testing scripts and project documents. Version 5.0
   includes extensive functionality to assist web developers such as
   routines to test hypertext links and to upload files to live web
   sites. Further information on the product can be obtained either from
   Mainsoft Corporation ( or from the European
   distributor OpenGate Software (

   Metrowerks Visual SourceSafe for Macintosh

   Metrowerks produces the Macintosh version of Visual SourceSafe. It is
   fully compatible with Microsoft's Windows-based Visual Source Safe.
   Additional information is available at


   Voodoo is a version management tool for the management of projects in
   which files are created in numerous versions. Since Voodoo is capable
   of managing arbitrary files, the program can be employed for more than
   just the organization of software projects in a narrow sense (program

   Voodoo allows both variant and revision control, and it manages not
   only variants and revisions of single files, but of a whole software
   project (multi files, multi users, multi variants, access rights,
   ...). The tool offers a graphical user interface.

   A lite version of Voodoo is being distributed on a low cost shareware
   basis. The current version is available from the vendor's ftp-server
   at:    in /pub/voodoo

   The full (commercial) version of Voodoo is being distributed
   world-wide by UNI Software Plus.

   A supplier WWW site is available at

7. Tools Related To Configuration Management

  Embedded In Other Tools

   Many of the large and expensive case-tools have a version control
   mechanism embedded within them. It may be sufficient to use such a

  Araxis Merge

   Araxis Merge, by Araxis, Ltd., is a visual file comparison/merging
   (two and three way) and folder synchronization application for MS
   Windows platforms. Softlab's Visual Enabler ships with Araxis Merge.
   Full information about the product (including a trail version) is
   available through their Web site at

  DateWise FileCompare

   DateWise FileCompare is a patented (No. 6,236,993) file comparison
   system that is able to compare files with expected differences without
   providing detailed file specifications. For example, many compilers
   and linkers embed several timestamps in their binary output (e.g.
   Microsoft VC++). Every manufacturer of compilers and linkers place the
   timestamps at different locations within the files, vary formats,
   etc., making it impractical to try to write a comparison function for
   a specific file type. Those timestamps have a side effect of
   prohibiting CM personnel from independently verifying that modules
   that the programmer states have not been changed are identical to
   versions supplied with the last release. DateWise FileCompare will
   compare the files, telling the user whether they match or not
   (excluding any expected embedded timestamp differences) and in what
   value range it found in the timestamps or where the unreconcilable
   differences were within the file. Another example of CM usage is
   verifying that compiler switches have not inadvertently been changed
   when upgrading to a new development machine.

   Technical/application info may be found at
   DateWise FileCompare is available as a utility for DOS/Windows, Linux,
   Solaris, HP-UX, and MVS platforms from:
    DateWise, Ltd
    3192 Ebonywood Ct
    Dublin, OH 43017
    Tel/FAX: 614-799-2521.

  Merge Right

   Merge Right is not a full fledged version or configuration management
   tool, but it addresses one of the most important parts of such
   systems, support for management and integration of multiple versions
   and releases. While Merge Right does not provide check-in and
   check-out it is designed to work closely with other tools that do:
   integrations for RCS and SCCS are contributed, and integrations to
   Continuus/CM and Atherton Technology Software BackPlane are supported
   by those vendors. Integrations to other CM tools (Rational ClearCase,
   TeamOne TeamNet, etc.) and even custom and internal tools are easy -
   even if files are versioned only by different names or extensions.

   Merge Right is available from:
    Prescient Software, Inc.
    3494 Yuba Avenue; San Jose, CA 95117-2967;
    tel: 408-985-1824; fax: 408-985-1936

  Non-Software-Development Tools

   There are a number of version management tools on the market which
   address areas other than software development. Since these do not
   include the capability to "build" software, in-depth coverage was not
   considered FAQ. If, however, you have a project which is independent
   of software development, it may make more sense to consider one of
   those tools rather than force-fit that project into the same tool
   being used for software.

   Some examples of such tools are:
     * ComponentSoftware RCS (CS-RCS) by ComponentSoftware Ltd.; 5
       Bar-Ilan St.; Givat Shemuel; Israel 54101; tel: +972-3-5320085; A
       GNU RCS compatible document revision control system for Windows
       95/NT. See or write
     * Data Management and Control Software (DMCS) by by Structural
       Dynamics Research Corporation (SDRC); Milford, OH; 513-576-2400
     * ERA by Salinas Technology; Montreal, Canada; tel.: 514-369-4161
     * Implementor by Golden Coast Software; 15932 W. State Road 84; Ft.
       Lauderdale, Florida 33326; tel: 305-389-7848
     * Integrated Document Control System (IDoCS) by Micro Engineering
       Solutions Inc.; Meriden, CT; tel.: 203-630-3630
     * Document Management Solutions from IntraNet Solutions, Inc.; 9625
       West 76th Street, Suite 150; Elden Prarie, MN 55344; tel.:
       612-903-2000 or 800-989-8744

   There are many other such tools. Check the appropriate industry
   periodicals for additional listings.

8. CM Tools With World Wide Web Sites

   As the popularity and accessibility of the World Wide Web (WWW) has
   grown, tool vendors and dedicated users have begun providing tool
   information on their WWW servers. The content may vary widely, and
   some will contain significant marketing information, rather than
   technical details. On any particular attempt, network traffic, server
   traffic, or server outages may prevent access to the information. All
   servers may not be accessible from all sites. The CM related WWW
   servers which have been reported to this FAQ editor are:
     * Vendor/Supplier WWW Servers
          + +1CM information from +1 Software Engineering at
          + AccuRev information from AccuRev Inc. at
          + Aldon/CMS info from Aldon Computer Group at
          + AllChange information from Intasoft at
          + Andromede information at
          + /BriefCase Toolkit from Applied Computer Sciences, inc. at
          + CCC/Harvest information from Computer Associates at
          + ClearCase information from Rational at
          + CMVC information from IBM at
          + CMVision information from Expertware at
          + CMZ information from CERN at
          + CM Synergy information from Telelogic at
          + Control-CS information from Network Concepts at
          + Corporate RCS information from Thompson Automation Software
          + Code Co-op information at
          + DECset information from DEC at
          + Disciplined Software Management info from Saint Mavris
            Technology at
          + Endevor Workstation products by Computer Associates Intnl. at
          + FtpVC (FTP Version Control) from Gregory Nisnevich at
          + Incremental Configuration Engine (ICE) developed by The
            Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany, which solicits
            user's comments; see for
          + MK, a configuration management and version control package at
          + Software Manager information from Vertical Sky at
          + Neuma Technology Corporation information at
          + PERFORCE information from Perforce Software at
          + QEF from Advanced Software Inc. at
          + Quma Version Control System (QVCS) information from Jim Voris
          + Razor - Version Control and Problem Tracking by Tower
            Concepts at
          + Revision Controle Engine (RCE) by DuraSoft at
          + Product Configuration Management (PCM) by Tesseract
            Technologies at
          + PVCS by MERANT at
          + SABLIME by Lucent Technologies at
          + Serena ChangeMan DS information from Serena Software Inc. at
          + Serena Change Man ZMF information from Serena Software, Inc.
          + Software Configuration Library Manager (SCLM) by IBM Corp. at
          + SoftBench CM by Hewlett-Packard at
          + Source Code Manager information from UniPress Software Inc at
          + StarTeam informatin from StarBase Corporation at
          + TeamConnection information from IBM at
          + TeamSite information from Interwoven, Inc. at
          + TLIB information from Burton System Software at
          + TRUEchange information from True Software at
          + Turnover info by SoftLanding Systems at
          + Visual Enabler information from Softlab at
          + Visual SourceSafe information from Microsoft at
          + VOODOO information from UNI Soft at
     * User Information WWW Servers
          + AllChange information at
          + Concurrent Version System (CVS) - France at
          + ShapeTools information at
     * Consultant Information WWW Servers
       (Note: a listing here does not represent endorsement of one of
       these consultants.)
          + Configuration Management, Inc (CMI) at
          + Timefold(tm) at and its page of
            ClearCase Service Providers at

   Additional CM related information available on the WWW is listed in
   section 1.7, Where else can I look for configuration management
   information?, in the "General Questions" portion (a separate posting)
   of this FAQ.

   If you are aware of other WWW Servers which should be added to this
   list (or any which should be retired), please notify the FAQ editor.

         --------------- End Of FAQ Part

   (This message does not represent an official position of any company.)
 Dave Eaton
 FAQ editor

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Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:12 PM