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Fencing FAQ (part 3)

( Part1 - Part2 - Part3 )
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Archive-name: sports/fencing-faq/part3
Last-modified: 2002-Nov-18
Version: 5.46

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge


This is Part III of the 3-part Frequently Asked
Questions list.  All parts can be found on the UseNet newsgroups, rec.answers, or news.answers.  Otherwise, consult
section 3.8 for information on finding archived copies of this


3.1 Fencing organizations
3.2 Equipment Vendors   *** updated
3.3 Fencing Books
3.4 Fencing Magazines
3.5 Fencing Films
3.6 Fencing Videos
3.7 Fencing Software
3.8 Fencing Online
3.9 Glossary of terms

3.1 Fencing Organizations

    The FIE head office is located at:

    Federation Internationale d'Escrime
    Avenue Mon-Repos 24
    CH-1005 Lausanne, Switzerland
    TEL: +41 21 320 31 15 
    FAX: +41 21 320 31 16

    A complete list of current FIE member nations and their head
    offices is available at the FIE website,
    The head offices of the fencing federations of English-speaking
    countries are:
    Australian Fencing Federation
    P.O. Box 7517
    Melbourne VIC 3004, AUSTRALIA
    TEL: (61) 3 9510 8399
    FAX: (61) 3 9510 2722

    British Fencing (Amateur Fencing Association)
    1 Barons Gate
    33-35 Rothschild Road
    London W4 5HT
    TEL: 020 8742 3032

    Canadian Fencing Federation
    2197 Riverside Dr.  Suite 301
    Ottawa ON  K1H 7X3 CANADA
    TEL: (613) 731-6149
    FAX: (613) 731-6952 

    Irish Amateur Fencing Federation
    Branksome Dene, Frankfort Park
    Dublin 14
    TEL/FAX:  353-1-2984039

    United States Fencing Association
    One Olympic Plaza 
    Colorado Springs, CO 80909-5774
    TEL: (719) 578-4511
    FAX: (719) 632-5737

    Contact your national fencing body to get the addresses and phone
    numbers of your local/provincial/divisional fencing associations.

    In addition to the above, there are also numerous associations for
    fencing coaches and masters.  Among these are:

    British Academy of Fencing

    United States Fencing Coaches Association (USFCA)

3.2 Equipment Vendors
    Many of the following businesses will mail you a catalogue if
    requested.  Presence in the FAQ does not imply endorsement by the
    Aladdin Sports                       Fentec Sports     
    PO Box 13, Balwyn			 48 Clara St       
    Victoria Australia 3103		 Camp Hill QLD 4158
    TEL: (03) 9483-3077			 TEL: (07) 395 3852
    FAX: +61 3 9816-4072

    Fencing International Equipment
    Angelo Santangelo, Maestro of Arms
    47 Dalrymple Avenue,
    Chatswood, NSW, 2067
    TEL: +61-2-419-8968


    Fechtsport Michael Martin
    Dr. Gohren-Gasse 22
    A-2340 Mvdling
    TEL: (43) 2236 471370
    FAX: (43) 2236 471378


    Frank Delhem Sport
    Gijsbrecht van Deurnelaan 31
    Bus 6,
    B-2100 Deurne
    TEL: (32) 3 6442676
    FAX: (32) 3 6442707

    625 Brusselse steenweg
    1900 Overijse - Jesus-Eik
    TEL: (0)2 657 42 89 or (0)2 687 65 71

    Blades                               Rome Fencing Equipment 
    35 Edinburgh Drive                   29 Grange Way          
    Staines, Middlesex TW18 1PJ          Broadstairs, Kent      
    TEL: 01784 255-522                   CT10 2YP               
    FAX: 01784 245-942                   TEL/FAX: (01843) 866588

    Merlin Enterprises                   Duellist Enterprises 
    24 Prices Lane                       1 Barrowgate Road    
    York, YO2 1AL                        Chiswick, London W4  
    TEL/FAX: 01904 611537                TEL: 020 8747 9629
    URL: URL:

    Gladiators                           Leon Paul
    Westerleigh                      	 Units 1 & 2, Cedar Way
    North Littleton                  	 Camley St., London NW1 0JQ 
    Evesham                          	 TEL: 020 7388-8132
    WR11 5QX                         	 FAX: 020 7388-8134
    TEL: +44 (0)1386 830982          	 URL:
    TEL: (Mobile) +44 (0) 7970 642967
    FAX: +44 (0)1386 833112          

    Fencing Equipment of Canada          Allstar (Herb Obst Agency)   
    2407 Bayview Place                   Box 31039       
    Calgary, Alberta T2V 0L6             Kelowna, BC, V1Z 3N9     
    TEL: (403) 281-1384                  TEL: (250) 769-1810         
    FAX: (403) 281-0043                  FAX: (250) 769-0464          
    Prieur-PBT                           Halifax: Barbara Daniel      
    Vijay Prasad                                 (902) 457-9228      
    383 Tamarack Dr.                     Winnipeg: Stephen and Joan Symons 
    Waterloo, Ontario N2L 4G7                    (204) 233-4795
    TEL: (519) 885-6496                  Ottawa: Ron Millette         
    FAX: (519) 888-6197                          (613) 235-2226
                                         Regina: John Brunning
    Imex Sport                                   (306) 244-5655
    710 Marco-Polo                       Vancouver: Zbig Pietrusinski 
    Boucherville, Quebec J4B 6K7                 (604) 984-2157    
    TEL/FAX: (514) 449-0651

    Dela Escrime
    706 Papineau
    Gatineau, Quebec, J8P 3Z8
    TEL: 819 669-4459
    FAX: 819 669-5764


    Skoldhoj Alle 6F
    DK-2920 Charlottenlund
    TEL: (45) 39638463
    FAX: (45) 39623760


    Prieur                               Soudet
    18 rue Nemours                       31 Boulevard Voltaire
    75011 Paris (metro Parmentier)       75011 Paris (metro Oberkampf)
    TEL: (0)1 43 57 89 90                TEL: (0)1 48 06 48 48
    FAX: (0)1 43 57 80 11

    Uhlmann/Allstar                      Uhlmann/Allstar
    7, rue Leonard de Vinci              138 rue de Chevilly
    69120 Vaulx-en-Velin, Lyon           94240 L'Hay-les-Roses, Paris
    TEL: (0)4 78 79 28 96                TEL: (0)1 46 87 26 70
    FAX: (0)4 78 80 11 33                FAX: (0)1 46 87 24 68

    Escrime Technologies/Fencing Technologies
    (see Scoring Machines subsection, below,
    for contact information)


    Allstar Fecht-Center                                    
    Carl-Zeiss Strasse 61                                   
    D-72770 Reutlingen, Germany
    TEL: +49 (0)7121 9500-0
    FAX: +49 (0)7121 9500-99

    Uhlmann Fecht-Sport                  Fecht-Sport H.Lieffertz    
    Uhlandstrasse 12                     Eibenweg 3                 
    D-88471 Laupheim, Germany            D-50767 Koln               
    TEL: +49 (0)7392 9697-0              TEL/FAX: +49 221 795254    
    FAX: +49 (0)7392 9697-79             EMAIL:


    Allstar-Italia di Mazzini Lucia      Negrini Fencing Line
    Via Nostra Signora di Lourdes 72     TEL: ++39-45-8001984
    I-00167 Roma                         FAX: ++39-45-8002755
    TEL/FAX: (39) 6 6638830              EMAIL:


    Stichting Topschermen Den Haag
    Van Galenstraat 14M
    NL-2518 EP Den Haag
    TEL/FAX: (31) 70 3640624


    Joao Firmino Paulino Cabral
    Av. Curry Cabral 9  1Esq.
    P-2700 Amadora
    TEL: (351) 1 4744040
    FAX: (351) 1 3978376


    Es.Fid SA
    Av. Madrid 171-177
    Esc. Isda 3070
    E-08028 Barcelona
    TEL: (34) 3 2112933
    FAX: (34) 3 4186844


    Fechtsport Raeber und Co. 
    Habsburgerstrasse 26 
    CH-6003 Luzern 
    TEL: 041 / 210 22 40 
    FAX: 041 / 210 22 44 

    Blade Fencing Equipment, Inc.        George Santelli, Inc.            
    245 West 29th St.                    465 South Dean St.               
    NY, NY 10011                         Englewood, NJ 07631              
    TEL: (212) 244-3090                  TEL: (201) 871-3105              
    FAX: (212) 244-3034                  FAX: (201) 871-8718              
    URL:    URL:

    Triplette Competiton Arms            American Fencers Supply 
    101 E. Main St.                      1180 Folsom St.         
    Elkin, NC 28621                      San Francisco, CA 94103 
    TEL: 336-835-7774                    TEL: (415) 863-7911     
    FAX: 336-835-4099                    FAX: (415) 431-4931     
    URL:        URL:

    Colonial Distributing                Uhlmann International             
       Fencing Equipment                 Wolf Finck, Pres. USA Headquarters
    PO Box 636                           330 N. Fayette Drive              
    Cedarburg, Wisconsin 53012           Fayetteville, GA 30214            
    TEL: (414) 377-9166                  TEL: (770) 461-3809
    FAX: (414) 377-9166

    The Fencing Post                     Zivkovic Modern Fencing Equipment
    2543 Monticello Way                  77 Arnold Road
    Santa Clara, CA 95051                Wellesley Hills, MA 02181
    TEL: (408) 247-3604                  TEL: (617) 235-3324
    FAX: (408) 243-1918                  FAX: (617) 239-1224
    URL:   URL:
    Cheris Fencing Supply                Southern California Fencers Equipment
    5818 East Colfax Avenue              16131 Valerio Street
    Denver, CO  80220                    Van Nuys, CA   91406
    TEL: (303) 321-8657                  TEL: (818) 997-4538
         1-800-433-6232                  FAX: (818) 998-8385
    FAX: (303) 321-8696                  Hours: 4:30pm - 7:30pm Wed & Thurs

    Alexandre Ryjik Fencing Equipment    Belle and Blade
    4094 Majestic Lane Suite 163         124 Pennsylvania Ave.
    Fairfax, VA  22033                   Dover, NJ 07801
    TEL: (703) 818-3106                  TEL: (201) 328-8488

    Blue Gauntlet                        Physical Chess
    246 Ross Ave.                        1012A Greeley Avenue North
    Hackensack, NJ 07601                 Union, NJ  07083
    TEL: (201) 343-3362                  TEL: 800-FENCING  (800-336-2464)
    FAX: (201) 343-4175                  FAX: (877) 650-3069
    URL:    EMAIL:
    M.A.S. Weapons
    5600 E. 36th St. N. #7               Vintage Sporting Equipment 
    Tulsa, OK  74115-2101                P.O. Box 364               
    TEL: (918) 835-0467                  Sheboygan, WI 53082        
    FAX: (918) 835-6663                  TEL: (800) 690-4867        
    contact: Kevin Mayfield              FAX: (414) 459-9666

    Le Touche of Class			 H.O.M. Fencing Supply
    TEL: 310-428-8585			 P.O. Box 261121, Encino, CA 91426-1121
    FAX: 310-428-8385			 or, SwordPlay Fencing Studio,
    EMAIL:		 64 E. Magnolia Blvd., Burbank, CA 91501

    Allstar USA
    TEL: 1-888-ALSTAR5

    Escrime Line International.
    160 Constitution Drive, Suite B
    Menlo Park, California, 94025
    TEL: (408) 799-4646
    FAX: (435) 304-8544 (Fax)

    Commodore Systems
    (Saber 3-weapon box)
    P.O. Box 22992
    Nashville, TN 37202
    TEL: 1-800-627-4903
         (615) 329-9398
    FAX: (615) 329-0640

    Escrime Technologies/Fencing Technologies
    1 rue Danton
    Besancon 25000 FRANCE
    TEL: 011 (33) 3 81-61-16-05
    FAX: 011 (33) 3 81-61-13-67

    Eigertek (Eclipse 3-weapon 100% solid state scoring machine)
3.3 Fencing Books

    The following list of books on the sport of fencing is not
    complete.  Books on historical methods, stage fighting, Japanese
    fencing, and other eastern martial arts are not listed here.
    Online bookstores and databases (eg. are a good
    resource to search for more information.

    Hank Pardoel published his Biliography of the Art and Sport of
    Fencing in 1996 through the Queen's University School of Physical
    Education.  It contains a thorough index of thousands of fencing
    books, articles, microfilms, and other resources dating from the
    1400s to the present.
    Alaux, Modern Fencing (Charles Scribner, 1975)
    Anderson, All About Fencing (Arco, 1970)
    Anderson, Tackle Fencing (Paul, ?)
    Angelo, The School of Fencing (Land's End Press, 1971)
    Barbasetti, The Art of the Foil (EP Dutton, 1932)
    de Beaumont, All About Fencing (Coles, 1978)
    de Beaumont, Fencing: Ancient Art and Modern Sport (ES Barnes, 1978)
    de Beaumont, Teach Yourself Fencing (McKay, 1968)
    de Beaumont, Your Book of Fencing (Transatlantic, 1970)
    Beke & Polgar, The Methodology of Sabre Fencing (Corvina Press, 1963)
    Bower, Foil Fencing 7th Ed. (Brown & Benchmark, 1993)
    Campos, The Art of Fencing (Vantage Press, 1988)
    Castello, The Theory and Practice of Fencing (Charles Scribner, 1933)
    Castello, Fencing (Ronald Press, 1962)
    Castle, The Schools and Masters of Fence (Arms & Armour Press, 1969)
    Crosnier, Fencing with the Foil (Faber & Faber, 1951)
    Curry, Fencing (Foresman, 1969)
    Curry, The Fencing Book (Human Kinetics, 1983)
    Deladrier, Modern Fencing (U.S. Naval Institute, 1948, reprint 1954)
    Evangelista, The Art and Science of Fencing (Masters Press, 1996)
    Evangelista, Encyclopedia of the Sword (Greenwood, 1995)
    FIE, Rules of Competition (AFA, CFF, USFA, etc., every year)
    Garret, Foil Fencing (Penn State, 198?)
    Garret et al, Foil, Sabre, and Epee Fencing (Penn State, 1994)
    Gaugler, Fencing Everyone (Hunter, 1987)
    Gaugler, History of Fencing (Laureate, 1997)
    Hutton, The Sword and the Centuries (Charles E. Tuttle, 1980)
    Kogler, Planning to Win (CounterParry, ?)
    Lukovich, Electric Foil Fencing (Corvina Press, 1971)
    Lukovich, Fencing (Corvina Press, 1986)
    Manley, Complete Fencing (Doubleday, 1979)
    Morton, A-Z of Fencing (Queen Anne, 1988)
    Nadi, The Living Sword: A Fencer's Autobiography (Laureate Press, 1995)
    Nadi, On Fencing (G.P. Putnam, 1943) (Laureate Press, 1994)
    Nelson, Winning Fencing (Henry Regnery, 1975)
    Norcross, Fencing: the foil (Ward Lock, ?)
    Palffy-Alpar, Sword and Masque (FA Davis, 1967)
    Pitman, Fencing, Techniques of Foil, Epee, and Sabre (Crowood, 1988)
    Manley, Compleate Fencing (Doubleday, 198?)
    Selberg, Foil (Addison-Wesley, 1976)
    Selberg, Revised Foil (Spotted Dog Press, 1993)
    Shaff, Fencing for All (Scribner, 1981)
    De Silva, Fencing: The Skills of the Game (Crowood, 1992)
    Simmonds and Morton, Start Fencing (Sportman's Press, 1989)
    Simmonds and Morton, Fencing to Win (Sportman's Press, 1994)
    Simonian, Basic Foil Fencing 4th Ed. (Kendall/Hunt, 1995)
    Skipp, Fencing (Know the Sport) (Stackpole, 1997)
    Szabo, Fencing and the Master (Corvina Kiado, 1982)
    Bac Tau, Fencing (self published, 1994)
    Vass, Epee Fencing (Corvina, 1976)
    Wyrick, Foil Fencing (W.B. Saunders, 1971)

3.4 Fencing Magazines

    Hammerterz Forum - A quarterly publication focussing on the 
        practical traditions and literature of swordplay.  US$35/year,
        US$60/2 years.  Hammerterz Verlag, P.O. Box 13448, Baltimore, MD,
        21203, USA.

    Cut and Thrust - A journal dedicated to the history, research and
        development of edged weapons.  Published 4 times/year by Ronin
        M/A Publications, 34-3 Shunpike Road, Dept 162 Cromwell, CT
        06416 USA.  Subscription cost: $20/year.

    Veteran Fencers Quarterly - A quarterly publication
        focussing on veteran's fencing.  Subscriptions are $8/year.
        Contact for more information.

    Academy of Arms Online Quarterly - A Web-zine "dedicated to
        the True Art, Science, and Spirit of the Sword." Subscriptions
        are US$20 per year.  See
        for information.

    Japanese Sword Society of the United States Newsletter - on
        collecting and appreciating Japanese Swords.  Published by
        JSS/US Box 712 Breckenridge, Texas USA 76024.  Subscription
        cost: $25/yr in USA, $35/yr foreign.

    Gekkan Kendo Nippon (monthly Japan Kendo) - Japanese sword arts
        magazine, published in Japanese by Ski Journal Co. Ltd. 3-11
        Yotsuya, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo Japan.  Subscription cost: 8106

    Fencing Association Magazines/Newsletters:

    Escrime Internationale -  published by the FIE (see section 3.1
        for contact information.  Prices are 170 FF or $35 US for
        subscribers outside of France (150 FF/$30 otherwise).  A
        subscription form can be found on the FIE web page.

    American Fencing -  published quarterly by USFA (see section 3.1
        for contact information).  Subscriptions for non-members of
        the USFA are $12 in the US and $24 elsewhere.  USFA members
        subscribe through their dues. Subscriptions also include the
        quarterly National Newsletter.  Back issues available at

    Escrime - published 6 times/year by Federation Francaise
        d'Escrime, in French.  Subscription cost: approx 230 FF/yr +
        75 Fr for Air Mail.  See section 3.1 for telephone/address

    The Sword - published quarterly by Amateur Fencing Association.
        Subscription cost: 12 pounds/yr (domestic?).  See section 3.1
        for telephone/address info, or visit their website at

3.5 Fencing Films

    The following films involve some amount of swordfighting or
    swashbuckling. They are rated on a four-star system, which is a
    general critics' opinion of the film as a whole (taken from commercial
    movie databases), not an indicator of the quality or quantity of the
    film's fencing. Major actors and occasionally the director (denoted by
    a '!') are named. Films with 2 stars or less have been omitted, as
    have recent films that have not yet been widely released or reviewed.
    The Adventures of Don Juan (1949, Errol Flynn, Raymond Burr, ***)
    The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938, Errol Flynn, Basil Rathbone, ****)
    Against All Flags (1952, Errol Flynn, Anthony Quinn, **1/2)
    Barry Lyndon (1975, Ryan O'Neal, Patrick Magee, !Stanley Kubrick, ***1/2)
    Black Arrow (1985, Oliver Reed, **1/2)
    Black Pirate (1926, Douglas Fairbanks, ***1/2)
    Black Swan (1942, Tyrone Power, Anthony Quinn, ***1/2)
    Blind Fury (1990, Rutger Hauer, **1/2)
    Bob Roberts (1992, Tim Robbins, ***1/2)
    Braveheart (1995, Mel Gibson, ***1/2)
    By the Sword (1993, F. Murray Abraham, Eric Roberts, **1/2)
    Captain Blood (1935, Errol Flynn, Basil Rathbone, ***1/2)
    The Challenge (1982, Toshiro Mifune, Scott Glenn, **1/2)
    The Charge of the Light Brigade (1936, Errol Flynn, David Niven, ****)
    Conan the Barbarian (1982, Arnold Schwarzenegger, James Earl Jones, **1/2)
    The Corsican Brothers (1941, Douglas Fairbanks Jr, **1/2)
    The Count of Monte Cristo (1934, Robert Donat, ***)
    The Count of Monte Cristo (1975, Richard Chamberlain, Tony Curtis,***)
    The Court Jester (1956, Danny Kaye, Basil Rathbone, **1/2)
    Crossed Swords (1978, Raquel Welch, Charlton Heston, **1/2)
    Cutthroat Island (1995, Geena Davis, Matthew Modine, **1/2)
    Cyrano de Bergerac (1950, Jose Ferrer, ***1/2)
    Cyrano de Bergerac (1990, Gerard Depardieu, ****)
    Dangerous Liaisons (1988, John Malkovich, Glenn Close, ***1/2)
    Don Juan de Marco (1995, Johnny Depp, Marlon Brando, ***1/2)
    The Duellists (1978, Harvey Keitel, Keith Carradine, !Ridley Scott, ***)
    El Cid (1961, Charlton Heston, Sophia Loren, ***)
    The Empire Strikes Back (1980, Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, ****)
    Excalibur (1981, Nicol Williamson, !John Boorman, ***1/2)
    The Fencing Master (1992, !Pedro Olea, ***)
    First Knight (1995, Sean Connery, Richard Gere, **1/2)
    The Flame and the Arrow (1950, Burt Lancaster, Virginia Mayo, ***)
    Flesh and Blood (1985, Rutger Hauer, !Paul Verhoeven, **1/2)
    The Four Musketeers (1975, Richard Chamberlain, Michael York, ***)
    Frenchman's Creek (1944, Basil Rathbone, Joan Fontaine, ***)
    Gladiator (2000, Russel Crowe, !Ridley Scott, ****)
    Glory (1989, Matthew Broderick, Denzel Washington, ***1/2)
    Hamlet (1948, !Laurence Olivier, ****)
    Hamlet (1969, Anthony Hopkins, ***1/2)
    Hamlet (1990, Mel Gibson, Glenn Close, !Franco Zeffirelli, ***)
    Hamlet (1996, Kenneth Branagh, John Gielgud, Charlton Heston, ****)
    Henry V (1944, Laurence Olivier, ****)
    Henry V (1989, !Kenneth Branagh, ***1/2)
    Highlander (1986, Christopher Lambert, Sean Connery, **1/2)
    The Hunted (1995, Christopher Lambert, **1/2)
    Ivanhoe (1953, Robert Taylor, Elizabeth Taylor, ***1/2)
    Ivanhoe (1982, James Mason, **1/2)
    Ladyhawke (1985, Rutger Hauer, Michelle Pfeiffer, **1/2)
    Long John Silver (1954, Robert Newton, Kit Taylor, ***)
    Macbeth (1948, Orson Welles, Roddy McDowall, ***)
    Macbeth (1971, Jon Finch, ***1/2)
    The Magic Sword (1962, Basil Rathbone, **1/2)
    The Man in Grey (1946, James Mason, Stewart Granger, ***1/2)
    The Man in the Iron Mask (1998, Leonardo di Caprio, Jeremy Irons, ***)
    The Mark of Zorro (1920, Douglas Fairbanks, ***)
    The Mark of Zorro (1940, Basil Rathbone, Tyrone Power, ***1/2)
    The Mask of Zorro (1998, Antonio Banderas, Catherine Zeta-Jones, ***)
    The Messenger (1999, Milla Jovovich, !Luc Besson, ***)
    Morgan the Pirate (1961, Steve Reeves, **1/2)
    Othello (1996, Lawrence Fishburne, Kenneth Branaugh, ***1/2)
    The Prince and the Pauper (1937, Errol Flynn, Claude Rains, ***)
    The Princess Bride (1987, Mandy Patinkin, Cary Elwes, !Rob Reiner, ***)
    The Prisoner of Zenda (1937, Douglas Fairbanks Jr, David Niven, ****)
    The Prisoner of Zenda (1952, Stewart Granger, James Mason, ***)
    The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939, Errol Flynn, ***)
    Ran (1985, Tatsuya Nakadai, !Akira Kurosawa, ****)
    The Return of the Jedi (1983, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher, ***1/2)
    Robin and Marian (1976, Sean Connery, Audrey Hepburn, ***1/2)
    Rob Roy (1995, Liam Neeson, Jessica Lange, ****)
    Romeo and Juliet (1935, Basil Rathbone, Leslie Howard, ***1/2)
    Romeo and Juliet (1954, Laurence Harvey, ***)
    Romeo and Juliet (1968, Michael York, !Franco Zeffirelli, ***1/2)
    Royal Flash (1975, Malcolm McDowell, ***)
    Sanjuro (1962, Toshiro Mifune, !Akira Kurosawa, ***)
    Scaramouche (1952, Stewart Granger, Janet Leigh, ***)
    The Scarlet Pimpernel (1935, Leslie Howard, Merle Oberon, ***1/2)
    The Sea Hawk (1940, Errol Flynn, Claude Rains, ****)
    The Seven Samurai (1954, Toshiro Mifune, !Akira Kurosawa, ****)
    The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad (1958, Kerwin Matthews, ***)
    Shogun (1980, Toshiro Mifune, Richard Chamberlain, **1/2)
    Sinbad the Sailor (1949, Douglas Fairbanks Jr, Maureen O'Hara, ***)
    Six-String Samurai (1998, Jeffrey Falcon, Justin McGuire, ***)
    The Spanish Main (1945, Maureen O'Hara, Paul Heinreid, ***)
    Spartacus (1960, Kirk Douglas, !Stanley Kubrick, ****)
    Sunshine (1999, Ralph Fiennes, William Hurt, ****)
    Star Wars (1977, Harrison Ford, Alec Guinness, ****)
    Sweet Liberty (1986, Alan Alda, Michael Caine, **1/2)
    The Sword of Sherwood Forest (1961, Richard Greene, Peter Cushing, **1/2)
    The Three Musketeers (1935, Walter Abel, **1/2)
    The Three Musketeers (1948, Gene Kelley, Lana Turner, ***)
    The Three Musketeers (1974, Michael York, Raquel Welch, ***)
    The Three Musketeers (1993, Tim Curry, Charlie Sheen, **1/2)
    Throne of Blood (1957, Toshiro Mifune, !Akira Kurosawa, ****)
    Tom Jones (1963, Albert Finney, Suzannah York, ****)
    Under the Red Robe (1937, Raymond Massey, ***)
    The Vikings (1958, Kirk Douglas, Tony Curtis, **1/2)
    The Warriors (1955, Errol Flynn, **1/2)
    Willow (1988, Val Kilmer, !Ron Howard, ***)
    The Yakuza (1975, Robert Mitchum, Takakura Ken, ***)
    Yojimbo (1962, Toshiro Mifune, !Akira Kurosawa, ****)
    Young Sherlock Holmes (1985, Nicholas Rowe, **1/2)
3.6 Fencing Videos

    Instructional video titles can be found in the catalogues of
    several fencing equipment suppliers (see section 3.5).
    The last time I checked, these included American Fencing Supply,
    Triplette Competition Arms, and Physical Chess.  The same sources
    sometimes have videos with theatrical or period fencing

    Videos of competitions are available from some of the same fencing
    suppliers, and also occasionally directly from national fencing
    associations. offers a selection of 
    competition videos, taped by both professionals and amateurs.

    See section 3.5 for movies and entertainment videos.

3.7 Fencing Software

    There are numerous software packages available for the
    administration of fencing tournaments.  They generally provide for
    automated seeding, pooling, and elimination tableau organization,
    with the ability to display/print out intermediate and final
    results.  They are best suited for events with 15 to 250 or more
    entrants.  With less than 15 entrants, organization is generally
    faster by hand.

    Engarde is a French program (by J. F. Nicaud of Paris) that is
    currently in wide use by the FIE, and is downloadable from the FIE
    website.  It is available in French, English, Spanish, German,
    Portuguese, and Hungarian, and runs on Windows.

    ATHOS is another French program (by Christian Coulon of Paris)
    that has seen extensive use by the FIE.  In runs in French or
    English on PCs.  ATHOS is commercial software, but the price
    includes unlimited upgrades and support.  Contact Marc Walch
    (Marc.J.Walch@JPL.NASA.GOV, (818) 354 5688).

    Xseed is an American program (by Dan McCormick of Hudson, Ohio),
    supported by the USFA only.  It runs on Windows and is 
    downloadable from the USFA website.

    Shipshape is a British program that runs on PCs.  Contact Colin
    Hillier at 3 Elm Close, Shipham, Somerset, BS25 1UG, UK, Tel: +44
    (0) 1934 843984.

    The Director is an Australian program for MS-Windows (3.1, 95).
    Contact Powerbyte at 9/26 Stirling Street, Thebarton, South
    Australia, Australia 5031, Tel: +61-8-8303 3519,
    Fax: +61-8-8303 4363.

    Fencomp 1.0 is a shareware DOS program that is available from

    Craig Lancaster is offering a Windows-based program for free
    evaluation.  Contact him at, or visit his
    web page (
    for more info.

    Point Control is available for "what-it's-worth-to-you" at  Some demos are also available at
    that site.

    FRED is the Fencing Registration and Events Database an online
    system at

    Fencing Time is tournament software that integrates into FRED (above).
    See for more info.

    Cyrano, a package for notating fencing choreography and other
    types of stage fights, is available at

3.8 Fencing Online

    Known cyberspace fencing resources include:
    UseNet: - discussion on all subjects
        rec.martial-arts - some discussion of Eastern styles and history - some discussion of history, SCA heavy and light
            weapons styles, armoury, and weaponsmithy


        I've given up trying to keep on top of Web fencing sites.
        Instead, here is a selection of major fencing web sites to
        start your surfing from:

        FIE fencing:

        F.I.E. (en francais):
        American Fencing Magazine:
        British Fencing:
        Canadian Fencing Federation:

        Fencing Suppliers:

        See section 3.2.

        Period & SCA Fencing:

        Arte of Defense:
        La Donna Rapera:
        Ring of Steel Theatrical Combat:
        SCA/Current Middle Ages:

        Japanese Fencing:

        LFowler's Martial Arts Page:
        Sei Do Kai (Iaido):
        Shidokan Kendo:
        The Japanese Sword:

        The Fencing FAQ is archived at:


        Iaido archive:

        The Fencing FAQ is archived at the following locations, among others:

        North America:           /usenet/news.answers
                      various directories
        Europe: /pub/FAQ
        Asia:      /USENET/FAQ

        The Japanese Sword Arts FAQ is archived at:

    Mailing Lists: digest:
        send to "" with text "subscribe rsf".
    Classical Fencing:
        send a blank message to ""
    Stage Combat:
        send to "" with text "subscribe
        send to "" with text "SUBSCRIBE
        TOUCHE Your Name".  (Low activity.)
    Harvard Fencing Announcements:
        send to "" with text "subscribe
        fencing-friends your_email_address".  (max. 30 messages/year)
        send to "", with text "SUBSCRIBE
        IAIDO-L your@email.address". (Moderate to high activity.)
        sent to "" with text "subscribe"
    Martial Arts and Swords in TV/Film:
        send to "" with text "SUBSCRIBE MASTVF-L
        Your Name".  (Moderate to high activity.)

    Online Rules:

    The FIE has the definitive version, in French of course:
    The USFA Rulebook is available at:

3.9 Glossary of terms:

    Not all terms have universal definitions.  The meanings of some
    terms will vary between schools or periods.  If any bias exists in
    the following glossary, it is towards the official FIE definitions
    first, and traditional French school definitions next.  Note that
    only a few of these terms are rigidly defined for use by referees
    in Articles t.2 to t.10 of the Rules of Competition.
    Absence of blade:  when the blades are not touching; opposite of 
    Advance:  a movement forward by step, cross, or balestra.
    Aids:  the last three fingers of the sword hand.
    Analysis:  reconstruction of the fencing phrase to determine priority 
        of touches.
    Assault:  friendly combat between two fencers.
    Attack: the initial offensive action made by extending the sword 
        arm and continuously threatening the valid target of the 
    Attack au Fer: an attack that is prepared by deflecting the opponent's
        blade, eg. beat, press, froissement.
    Backsword:  an archaic, edged, unpointed sword used in
        prizefighting (also singlestick);  a single-edged military sword.
    Balestra:  a forward hop or jump, typically followed by an attack
        such as a lunge or fleche.
    Bayonet:  a type of electrical connector for foil and sabre.
    Beat:  an attempt to knock the opponent's blade aside or out of line by
        using one's foible or middle against the opponent's foible.
    Baudry point:  a safety collar placed around a live epee point to prevent
        dangerous penetration.
    Bind:  an action in which the opponent's blade is forced into the
        diagonally opposite line.
    Black Card:  used to indicate the most serious offences in a fencing
        competition.  The offending fencer is usually expelled from the
        event or tournament.
    Blocking:  electronic suppression of hits.
    Bout:  an assault at which the score is kept.
    Broadsword: any later sword intended for cutting over thrusting; sabre.
    Broken Time:  a sudden change or hesitation in the tempo of one
        fencer's actions, used to fool the opponent into responding at
        the wrong time.
    Button:  the safety tip on the end of practice and sporting swords.
    Change of Engagement:  engagement of the opponent's blade in the 
        opposite line.
    Commanding the blade:  grabbing the opponent's blade with the off-hand, 
        illegal in sport fencing.
    Compound:  also composed; an action executed in two or more movements; 
        an attack or riposte incorporating one or more feints.
    Conversation:  the back-and-forth play of the blades in a fencing match,
        composed of phrases (phrases d'armes) punctuated by gaps of no
        blade action.
    Counter-attack:  an offensive action made against the right-of-way, or 
        in response to the opponent's attack.
    Counter-disengage:  a disengage in the opposite direction, to deceive
        the counter-parry.
    Counter-parry:  a parry made in the opposite line to the attack; ie.
        the defender first comes around to the opposite side of the
        opponent's blade.
    Counter-riposte:  an attack that follows a parry of the opponent's
    Counter-time: an attack that responds to the opponent's counter-attack,
        typically a riposte following the parry of the counter-attack.
    Corps-a-corps: lit. "body-to-body"; physical contact between the
        two fencers during a bout, illegal in foil and sabre.
    Coule': also graze, glise', or glissade; an attack or feint that slides
        along the opponent's blade.
    Coup lance': a launched hit; an attack that starts before a
        stop in play but lands after.  Valid for normal halts, but not
        valid at end of time.
    Coupe': also cut-over; an attack or deception that passes around the
        opponent's tip.
    Croise: also semi-bind; an action in which the opponent's blade is
        forced into the high or low line on the same side.
    Cross:  an advance or retreat by crossing one leg over the other;
        also passe' avant (forward cross), passe' arriere (backwards cross).
    Cut:  an attack made with a chopping motion of the blade, normally 
        landing with the edge.
    Deception:  avoidance of an attempt to engage the blades; see
        disengage, coupe'
    Defensive Action:  an action made to avoid being touched;  parry.
    Delayed:  not immediate, following a hesitation.
    Derobement:  deception of the attack au fer or prise de fer.
    Detached: a riposte executed without blade contact.
    Direct: a simple attack or riposte that finishes in the same line in 
        which it was formed, with no feints out of that line.
    Disengage: a circular movement of the blade that deceives the
        opponent's parry, removes the blades from engagement, or changes the
        line of engagement.
    Displacement:  moving the target to avoid an attack;  dodging.
    Double:  in epee, two attacks that arrive within 40-50 ms of each 
    Double-time:  also "dui tempo"; parry-riposte as two distinct actions.
    Double':  an attack or riposte that describes a complete circle
        around the opponent's blade, and finishes in the opposite line.
    Dry:  also steam; fencing without electric judging aids.
    Engagement:  when the blades are in contact with each other, eg. 
        during a parry, attack au fer, prise de fer, or coule'.
    Envelopment: an engagement that sweeps the opponent's blade
        through a full circle.
    Epee:  a fencing weapon with triangular cross-section blade and a large
        bell guard;  also a light duelling sword of similar design, popular
        in the mid-19th century;  epee de terrain;  duelling sword.
    False:  an action that is intended to fail, but draw a predicted
        reaction from the opponent; also, the back edge of a sabre blade.
    Feint:  an attack into one line with the intention of switching to
        another line before the attack is completed.
    Fencing Time: also temps d'escrime; the time required to complete
        a single, simple fencing action.
    FIE:  Federation Internationale d'Escrime, the world governing
        body of fencing.
    Finta in tempo: lit. "feint in time"; a feint of counter-attack
        that draws a counter-time parry, which is decieved; a compound
    Fleche:  lit. "arrow";  an attack in which the aggressor leaps off his
        leading foot, attempts to make the hit, and then passes the opponent
        at a run.
    Flick:  a cut-like action that lands with the point, often involving some
        whip of the foible of the blade to "throw" the point around a block
        or other obstruction.
    Florentine: an antiquated fencing style where a secondary weapon
        or other instrument is used in the off hand.
    Flying Parry or Riposte:  a parry with a backwards glide and riposte by
    Foible:  the upper, weak part of the blade.
    Foil: a fencing weapon with rectangular cross-section blade and a small
        bell guard; any sword that has been buttoned to render it less
        dangerous for practice.
    Forte:  the lower, strong part of the blade.
    French Grip: a traditional hilt with a slightly curved grip and a large
    Froissement:  an attack that displaces the opponent's blade by a
        strong grazing action.
    Fuller:  the groove that runs down a sword blade to reduce weight.
    Glide:  see coule'.
    Guard:  the metal cup or bow that protects the hand from being hit.
        Also, the defensive position assumed when not attacking.
    Hilt:  the handle of a sword, consisting of guard, grip, and pommel.
    Homologated:  certified for use in FIE competitions, eg. 800N clothing
        and maraging blades.
    Immediate:  without any perceived hesitation between actions.
    In Line:  point in line.
    In Quartata:  a counter-attack made with a quarter turn to the inside,
        concealing the front but exposing the back.
    In Time:  at least one fencing time before the opposing action, 
        especially with regards to a stop-hit.
    Indirect: a simple attack or riposte that finishes in the opposite line 
        to which it was formed.
    Insistence:  forcing an attack through the parry.
    Interception:  a counter-attack that intercepts and checks an
        indirect attack or other disengagement.
    Invitation:  a line that is intentionally left open to encourage 
        the opponent to attack.
    Italian Grip:  a traditional hilt with finger rings and crossbar.
    Judges:  additional officials who assist the referee in detecting 
        illegal or invalid actions, such as floor judges or hand judges.
    Jury:  the 4 officials who watch for hits in a dry fencing bout.
    Kendo:  Japanese fencing, with two-handed swords.
    Lame':  a metallic vest/jacket used to detect valid touches in foil
        and sabre.
    Line: the main direction of an attack (eg., high/low, inside/outside),
        often equated to the parry that must be made to deflect the attack;
        also point in line.
    Lunge:  an attack made by extending the rear leg and landing on the
        bent front leg.
    Mal-parry:  also mal-pare'; a parry that fails to prevent the attack
        from landing.
    Manipulators:  the thumb and index finger of the sword hand.
    Maraging:  a special steel used for making blades;  said to be stronger 
        and break more cleanly than conventional steels.
    Marker Points:  an old method of detecting hits using inked points.
    Martingale:  a strap that binds the grip to the wrist/forearm.
    Match:  the aggregate of bouts between two fencing teams.
    Measure:  the distance between the fencers.
    Mensur:  German fraternity duel.
    Middle:  the middle third of the blade, between foible and forte,
        sometimes held to be part of the foible.
    Moulinet:  a whirling cut, executed from the wrist or elbow.
    Neuvieme: an unconventional parry (#9) sometimes described as blade
        behind the back, pointing down (a variant of octave), other times
        similar to elevated sixte.
    Octave:  parry #8; blade down and to the outside, wrist supinated.
    Offensive Action:  an action in which the fencer attempts to touch
        the opponent.
    Offensive-defensive Action: an action that simultaneously attempts
        to touch the opponent and avoid the opponents touch.
    On Guard:  also En Garde; the fencing position; the stance that
        fencers assume when preparing to fence.
    Opposition:  holding the opponent's blade in a non-threatening line;
        a time-hit;  any attack or counter-attack with opposition.
    Parry:  a block of the attack, made with the forte of one's own blade;
        also parade.
    Pass:  an attack made with a cross;  eg. fleche.  Also, the act 
        of moving past the opponent.
    Passata-sotto:  a lunge made by dropping one hand to the floor.
    Passe':  an attack that passes the target without hitting; also a
        cross-step (see cross).
    Phrase:  a set of related actions and reactions in a fencing conversation.
    Pineapple tip:  a serrated epee point used prior to electric judging.
    Piste:  the linear strip on which a fencing bout is fought; approx.
        2m wide and 14m long.
    Pistol Grip:  a modern, orthopaedic grip, shaped vaguely like a small
        pistol;  varieties are known by names such as Belgian, German,
        Russian, and Visconti.
    Plaque':  a point attack that lands flat.
    Plastron: a partial jacket worn for extra protection; typically a
        half-jacket worn under the main jacket on the weapon-arm side of the
    Point:  a valid touch;  the tip of the sword;  the mechanical assembly 
        that makes up the point of an electric weapon;  an attack made with
        the point (ie. a thrust)
    Point in Line: also line; an extended arm and blade that threatens
        the opponent.
    Pommel:  a fastener that attaches the grip to the blade.
    Preparation:  a non-threatening action intended to create the opening 
        for an attack;  the initial phase of an attack, before right-of-way 
        is established.
    Presentation:  offering one's blade for engagement by the opponent.
    Press: an attempt to push the opponent's blade aside or out of line;
        depending on the opponent's response, the press is followed by a
        direct or indirect attack.
    Prime:  parry #1;  blade down and to the inside, wrist pronated.
    Principle of Defence:  the use of forte against foible when parrying.
    Priority:  right-of-way;  in sabre, the now-superceded rules that
        decide which fencer will be awarded the touch in the event
        that they both attack simultaneously.
    Prise de Fer:  also taking the blade; an engagement of the blades
        that forces the opponent's weapon into a new line.  See: bind,
        croise, envelopment, opposition.
    Quarte:  parry #4;  blade up and to the inside, wrist supinated.
    Quinte:  parry #5;  blade up and to the inside, wrist pronated.
        In sabre, the blade is held above the head to protect from head
    Rapier:  a long, double-edged thrusting sword popular in the 16th-17th
    Red Card:  used to indicate repeated minor rule infractions or a major 
        rule infraction by one of the fencers;  results in a point being
        given to the other fencer.
    Redoublement: a new action that follows an attack that missed or
        was parried; renewal of a failed attack in a different line.
    Referee:  also director, president; the mediator of the fencing bout.
    Remise:  immediate replacement of an attack that missed or was
        parried, without withdrawing the arm.
    Reprise:  renewal of an attack that missed or was parried, after a
        return to en-garde.
    Retreat:  step back;  opposite of advance.
    Ricasso:  the portion of the tang between the grip and the blade,
        present on Italian hilts and most rapiers.
    Right-of-way:  rules for awarding the point in the event of a double
        touch in foil or sabre.
    Riposte:  an offensive action made immediately after a parry of the 
        opponent's attack.
    Sabre: a fencing weapon with a flat blade and knuckle guard, used with
        cutting or thrusting actions; a military sword popular in the 18th
        to 20th centuries; any cutting sword used by cavalry.
    Salle:  a fencing hall or club.
    Salute:  with the weapon, a customary acknowledgement of one's 
        opponent and referee at the start and end of the bout.
    Schlager:  German fraternity duelling sword with 3.5' blade and 10" guard.
    Second Intention: a false action used to draw a response from the
        opponent, which will open the opportunity for the intended
        action that follows, typically a counter-riposte.
    Seconde:  parry #2;  blade down and to the outside, wrist pronated.
    Septime:  parry #7;  blade down and to the inside, wrist supinated.
    Simple:  executed in one movement;  an attack or riposte that involves 
        no feints.
    Simultaneous:  in foil and sabre, two attacks for which the
        right-of-way is too close to determine.
    Single Stick:  an archaic form of fencing with basket-hilted wooden 
    Single-time:  also "stesso tempo"; parry-riposte as a single action.
    Sixte:  parry #6;  blade up and to the outside, wrist supinated.
    Small Sword: a light duelling sword popular in the 17th-19th centuries,
        precursor to the foil.
    Stop Hit:  a counter-attack that hits; also a counter-attack whose touch
        is valid by virtue of it's timing.
    Stop Cut:  a stop-hit with the edge in sabre, typically to the cuff.
    Three Prong:  a type of electrical connector used in fencing.
    Thrown Point:  a "flick".
    Thrust:  an attack made by moving the sword parallel to its length and
        landing with the point.
    Tierce:  parry #3;  blade up and to the outside, wrist pronated.
    Time Hit:  also time-thrust; old name for stop hit with opposition.
    Trompement:  deception of the parry.
    Two Prong:  a type of body-wire/connector, used in foil and sabre.
    Whip-over:  in sabre, a touch that results from the foible of the blade
        whipping over the opponent's guard or blade when parried.
    Whites:  fencing clothing.
    Yellow Card:  also advertissement, warning;  used to indicate a minor
        rule infraction by one of the fencers.


Author: Morgan Burke (
Contributors: special thanks to Suman Palit, Guy Smith, Greg Dilworth,
        Kevin Taylor, Eric Anderson, Blaine Price, Steve Hick, Kim
        Moser, David Glasser, Bryan Mansfield, Donald Lane, Ann McBain,
        Hagen Lieffertz, Mark C. Orton, Mike Buckley, Dirk Goldgar,
        Scott Holmes, Arild Dyrseth, David Airey, Renee Mcmeeken, Marc
        Walch, Eric Speicher, Anton Oskamp, Bernard Hunt, Francis Cordero,
        Kent Krumvieda, David Van Houten, John Crawford, Kim Taylor,
        Brendan Robertson, Ivo Volf, Kevin Wechtaluk, Frank Messemer,
        Benerson Little, Mark Crocker, Eileen Tan, Mark Tebault, Tim
        Schofield, Peter Gustafsson, Kevin Haidl, Peter Crawford,
        Camille Fabian, Matt Davis, Fernando Diaz, Anders Haavie,
        Rüdiger Schierz, Todd Ellner, George Kolombatovich,
        Padraig Coogan, Steve Lawrence, Bryan J. Maloney, Colin Walls

(C) 1993-2002 Morgan Burke
Permission is granted to copy and distribute all or part of this document
for non-profit purposes.

End of FAQ part III
of FAQ part III

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