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rec.arts.sf.written Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)


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Archive-name: sf/written-faq

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
Last change:
Mon Jun 18 08:30:47 EDT 2001

Changes;
7. What is science fiction?

----------------------------------------------------------------------
This is the frequently asked questions (FAQ) list for rec.arts.sf.written.
If you have written something you think belongs in the FAQ that you don't
see here and want included, please send it to me, Evelyn Leeper
(evelynleeper@geocities.com), as well as any corrections or additions you
think should be made.

[Oh, and in answer to a somewhat frequently asked question, Evelyn in this
case is a woman's name.]

			Table of Contents
 0. Introduction
 1. Story identification requests
 2. Spoilers
 3. What books or stories are about X?
	A. Cyberpunk
	B. Steampunk
	C. Alternate Histories
	D. Transformation Stories
	E. Gender Issues
	F. King Arthur and Robin Hood
	G. Jewish SF
	H. Mormon SF
	I. Christian SF
	J. Only non-human characters
	K. Post-apocalypse
	L. Other
 4. What books have been written by author X?
 5. List of the Hugo, Nebula, or World Fantasy Award winners
 6. Does anyone want to talk about X?
 7. What is science fiction?
 8. What is the difference between science fiction and fantasy?
 8a. Isn't magical realism just another name for fantasy?
 8b. Why are fantasy works nominated for Hugo Awards?
 9. The SF-LOVERS Digest
10. Star Trek
11. Common abbreviations
12. Various questions about multiple editions, long-awaited books,etc.
	A. Iain M. Banks
	B. The sequel to Steven R. Boyett's ARCHITECT OF SLEEP
	C. The next book in David Brin's Uplift series
	D. The next book from Steven Brust
	E. The next book in Orson Scott Card's Alvin Maker series
	F. The next book in Glen Cook's Black Company series
	G. The third book in P. C. Hodgell's God Stalk series
	H. Guy Gavriel Kay's Tigana ending
	I. The next book in S. M. Stirling's Draka series
	J. The sequel to David R. Palmer's THRESHOLD
	K. [deleted]
	L. The next book in Sharon Lee and Steve Miller's Liaden Universe
	M. The next book in Catherine Asaro's "Skolian Web" series
	N. The next Ken MacLeod book (and reading order)
	O. The fourth book in Alexei Panshin's Anthony Villers series
	P. The next Merlin book from Nicolai Tolstoy
	Q. [deleted]
	R. The third book in Paul Edwin Zimmer's Border series
	S. The third book in Meredith Pierce's Darkangel trilogy
	T. The fifth book in the Chtorr series
	U. The next book in Vernor Vinge's Slow Zone series and the annotated
	   FIRE UPON THE DEEP
13. Clarke's Laws
14. SF themes in music 
15. Oldest Living SF Authors
16A. Black SF authors
16B. Asian/Asian-American SF authors
17. Good SF bookstores in town Z and ordering by mail/Web
17a. Are chain bookstores evil?
18. What is Johnny Rico's ethnic group in STARSHIP TROOPERS?
19. In what order should I read:
	A. Lois McMaster Bujold's "Vorkosigan" series? 
	B. Steven Brust's "Dragaeran" series?
	C. Isaac Asimov's "Foundation" series?
	D. Ken MacLeod's books?
	E. Terry Pratchett's "Discworld" series?
	F. Iain M. Banks's "Culture" series?
20. Science Fiction Book Club
21. Recent Obituaries
22. SF ENCYCLOPEDIA et al
23. What is the difference between "mass-market" and "trade" paperbacks?
	Why do some books come out in trade paperback instead of the
	more affordable mass-market format?  What about A, B, and C format
	in Britain?
24. What do the letters "PJF" after Steven Brust's name mean?
25. Is Megan Lindholm writing under a pseudonym?
26. Who is William Ashbless?
27. Who is Kilgore Trout?
28. Pronunciation of Cherryh
29. Stephen Jay Gould and Steven Gould
30. Sturgeon's Law
31. What is the Thor Power Tools decision and how did it affect publishing?
32. What is the best science fiction magazine to subscribe to?
33. How much do authors get in royalties?
34. Who said:
	A. "He's a chimp! She's the Pope! They're cops!"
	B. "The Golden Age of Science Fiction is 12."
	C. "War God of Israel/The Thing with Three Souls"
	D. "Science fiction should get out of the classroom
		and back in the gutter where it belongs!"
	E. "Life is like a simile."
35. Would the windmills in Kim Stanley Robinson's "Mars" books work?
36. What's the world's shortest science fiction story?
37. What are the books that come up again and again in rec.arts.sf.written?
38. What are good SF books for children/young adults?
39. Spelling
99. Science Fiction Archives

----------------------------------------------------------------------
0. Introduction

rec.arts.sf.written is a newsgroup devoted to discussions of written
SF.  It is a high-volume newsgroup and this article is intended to help
reduce the number of unnecessary postings, thereby making it more
useful and enjoyable to everyone.

"SF" as used here means "speculative fiction" and includes science
fiction, fantasy, horror (a.k.a. dark fantasy), etc.

If you have not already done so, please read the articles in
news.announce.newusers.  They contain a great deal of useful
information about network etiquette and convention.

If you have any bibliographic or similar questions, please try the
Internet Speculative Fiction Database at
http://www.sfsite.com/isfdb/index.html.

Before we begin, two pieces of net.etiquette.  Both of these are
mentioned in news.announce.newusers, but since they are so frequently
violated, and at least one of them is particularly relevant to this
group, we mention them here:

SPOILER WARNINGS:  Many people feel that much of the enjoyment of a book
is ruined if they know certain things about it, especially when those
things are surprise endings or mysteries.  On the other hand, they also
want to know whether or not a book is worth reading, or they may be
following a particular thread of conversation where such information may
be revealed.  The solution to this is to put the words SPOILER in your
header, or in the text of your posting.  You can also put a ctl-L
character in the *first* column for your readers who are using rn.  Some
people think that spoiler warnings are not necessary.  We don't understand
why, and do not want to discuss it.  Use your best judgment.

Some people say that since not all news readers honor the ctl-L, you should
insert twenty or so blank lines as well.  My personal opinion is that I hate
having to page through those blank lines because some people's newsreaders
are antiquated, but it's up to you.

REPLIES TO REQUESTS AND QUESTIONS:  When you think that many people will
know an answer to a question, or will have an answer to a request,
RESPOND VIA E-MAIL!!!  And if you don't know the answer, but want to
know, DON'T POST TO THE NET asking for the answer, ask VIA E-MAIL!  If
you think a lot of people will want the same information, you might
suggest that the person summarize to the net.

Please keep in mind two points:

	1.  Always remember that there is a live human being at the
	other end of the wires.  In other words, please write your
	replies with the same courtesy you would use in talking to
	someone face-to-face.

	2.  Try to recognize humor and irony in postings.  Tone of
	voice does not carry in ASCII print, and postings are often
	snapped off quickly, so that humorous intent may not be
	obvious.  More destructive and vicious arguments have been
	caused by this one fact of net existence than any other.  It
	will help if satiric/ironic/humorous comments are marked with
	the "smiley face," :-)

----------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Story identification requests

"Does anyone know this story?"  <plot summary follows>

It used to be said that you should ask that all responses be e-mailed
back to you, then post the correct answer to the net.  These days, no
one does that, and people seem to enjoy the discussion that often
follows.  Nevertheless, at least check if someone else has responded
before you post a bare-bones reply.

And *do* put a useful subject line on your posting.  For example,
"Subject: ID req: telepathic dog story" is more likely to get people
who know the answer to respond than "Subject: story request".

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]

Four of the most common requested stories are:

  1) There are some time travellers to the age of dinosaurs.  They have
  to stay on a special floating path to avoid changing the future.
  However, one steps off the path.  When they return to the future,
  things are subtly changed.  The guy who steps off the path then looks
  at his shoe and finds a dead butterfly. == A SOUND OF THUNDER by Ray
  Bradbury

  This has been anthologized many times, but according to William
  Contento's database on www.sff.net, the most recent is Bradbury's
  collection CLASSIC STORIES VOLUME 1 (Bantam 1990, 1995). It can also
  be found in Asimov & Greenberg's anthology THE GREAT SF STORIES: 14
  (DAW 1986), which is often available in used book stores.  [Provided
  by Robert Schmunk, [rbs@skatecity.com]].

  2) An expedition to a dead star discovers that the supernova had
  destroyed an entire civilization.  When they compute the exact time
  the star exploded, they find that it was seen on earth at the right
  time to be the Star of Bethlehem. == THE STAR by Arthur Clarke

  3) A special kind of glass has been invented where light takes years
  to pass through it.  Panes of this glass are hung in scenic areas and
  then sold to be used as picture windows. == LIGHT OF OTHER DAYS
  by Bob Shaw:
	- "Light of Other Days" is the title of the original short story,
	first published in ASF 8/66, and frequently anthologised.

	- OTHER DAYS, OTHER EYES is the title of the "fix-up" (novel),
	which incorporates "Light of Other Days" and three of the other
	slow glass stories: "Burden of Proof" (ASF 5/67), "A Dome of Many-
	Coloured Glass" (FAN 4/72) and the eponymous novella (AMZ 5/72).

 4) The protagonist of this novel lives through a "time loop" wherein he
 would die, return to his youth (only a little later each time), live a
 new life each time, but always die and re-commence a cycle.  In the
 course of one life he encountered a woman who experiences the same
 phenomenon. == REPLAY by Ken Grimwood


----------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Spoilers

In case you missed it above:
Many people feel that much of the enjoyment of a book is ruined if they
know certain things about it, especially when those things are surprise
endings or mysteries.  On the other hand, they also want to know
whether or not a book is worth reading, or they may be following a
particular thread of conversation where such information may be
revealed.  The solution to this is to put the words SPOILER in your
header, or in the text of your posting.  You can also put a ctl-L
character in the *first* column for your readers who are using rn.
Some people think that spoiler warnings are not necessary.  We don't
understand why, and do not want to discuss it.  Use your best
judgment.  [Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]

----------------------------------------------------------------------
3. "What books or stories are about X?"

There are several lists published of works in specific sub-genres:

A. Cyberpunk

Laura Burchard defined cyberpunk as "a subgenre of SF which
(usually) combines high technology ("cyber") with an alienated, often
criminal, subculture ("punk").  Some people consider cyberpunk to be a
Literary Movement; others consider it a marketing gimmick.  Arguing
about which it is is pointless and not encouraged in this newsgroup."
There is a news group called alt.cyberpunk which is the best place to
discuss cyberpunk.  A comprehensive list of cyberpunk works can be
gotten by sending e-mail to John Wichers at wichers@husc4.harvard.edu,
and there is an alt.cyberpunk FAQ, edited by "Frank"
(frank@knarf.demon.co.uk) available at
http://www.knarf.demon.co.uk/alt-cp.htm.

There is also another cyberpunk bibliography (novels and anthologies)
at http://maskull.home.mindspring.com/cpunk.htm.

Robert Schmunk (rbs@skatecity.com) points out that "cyberpunk must be dead,
because Time magazine has done a cover article on it."

B. Steampunk

Steampunk in analogous to cyberpunk, and refers to SF stories set in
the 19th Century and involving technology of that era.  There is no
bibliography as yet, but for now,
http://www.io.com/~bowman/Falkenstein/Fiction.html lists some of the
well-known steampunk works.

C. Alternate Histories

"Uchronia," a large and searchable bibliography of alternate history
stories is maintained by Robert Schmunk (rbs@skatecity.com) and is
available on the Web at http://www.uchronia.net.

CAVEAT: Flat text copies of the bibliography may be found at various
science fiction archives around the net.  However,  they are archived
Usenet postings and none will be dated more recently than March 1997.

D. Transformation Stories

A bibliography of books, stories, movies, and other works involving
physical transformation (through lycanthropy, science, magic, etc.) is
available at http://www.halcyon.com/phaedrus/translist/translist.html.
A text-only version is also available at the same address.

[Provided by Phaedrus [transform@halcyon.com].

E. Gender Issues

A bibliography of stories which address gender issues through
science fiction is available on sflovers.rutgers.edu (Q#98).

F. King Arthur and Robin Hood

Arthurian and Robin Hood FAQs posted to rec.arts.books and
news.answers.

G. Jewish SF

S. H. Silver (shsilver@ameritech.net) has a list of Jewish SF stories
at http://www.sfsite.com/~silverag/jewishsf.html.  He also has Pluto in
SF, First Contact, debut stories & novels, Baseball in SF, and Chicago
in SF bibliographies.

H. Mormon SF

A long, but not exhaustive, annotated list, with links to other
materials, may be found at http://www.adherents.com/lit/sf_lds.html.

I. Christian SF

A bibliography by the late Ross Pavlac is at
http://www.enteract.com/~mpavlac/christsf.htm.  There is also the
Christian Fandom website at
http://www.christian-fandom.org/christian-fandom/.

J. Only non-human characters

Suggestions so far include:
	Robert Asprin's BUG WARS
	John Brunner's CRUCIBLE OF TIME
	Mary Caraker's WATERSONG
	Arthur C. Clarke's "Second Dawn"
	Samuel R. Delany's EINSTEIN INTERSECTION
	Diane E. Gallagher's ALIEN DARK (mostly)
	Raymond F. Jones & Lester del Rey's WEEPING MAY TARRY
	Ross Rocklynne's SUN DESTROYERS
	H. Beam Piper's FIRST CYCLE
	Robert J. Sawyer's "Quintaglio" Trilogy: FAR-SEER, FOSSIL HUNTER,
		and FOREIGNER 
	Robert Silverberg's AT WINTER'S END and THE NEW SPRINGTIME
	Olaf Stapledon's STAR MAKER and NEBULA MAKER
	James Tiptree's "Love Is the Plan, the Plan Is Death"

K. Post-apocalypse

There is a bibliography and links at http://www.reed.edu/~karl/postapoc/.

L. Other

As with requests for plots, titles, or authors, ask that all replies be
e-mailed to you and that you will summarize (set the Followup-to to
"poster" to encourage e-mail response).  Note that a summary is not
just concatenating all the replies together and posting the resulting
file.  Take the time to strip headers, combine duplicate information,
and write a short summary.  [Provided by Evelyn Leeper
[evelynleeper@geocities.com].]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
4. "What books have been written by author X?"  "What books are in
series Y?"

A number of bibliographies have been compiled and posted to the net by
John Wenn.  These bibliographies also contain info on which books are
in a series or in the same universe.  The most up-to-date bibliographies
are availiable via ftp from ftp.std.com [user anonymous, any password],
directory pub/jwenn.

They are also in the SF archives on sflovers.rutgers.edu (Q#98).
File names are generally LastName.Firstname (e.g.  Niven.Larry).  Case
*does* count.

Requests for more bibliographies may be made to John at
jwenn@world.std.com.  [Provided by John Wenn [jwenn@world.std.com].]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
5. List of the Hugo, Nebula, or World Fantasy Award winners

Lists of award winners, including Hugo Awards, Nebula Awards, and many
others, can be found at Laurie Mann's http://www.dpsinfo.com/awardweb/.

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
6. "Does anyone want to talk about X?"

If nobody seems to be discussing what you want to talk about, post a
(polite) message opening the discussion.  Don't just say, "Does anyone
want to talk about X" or "I really like X" however; try to have
something interesting to say about the topic to get discussion going.

Don't be angry or upset if no one responds.  It may be that X is just a
personal taste of your own, or quite obscure.  Or it may be that X was
discussed to death a few weeks ago, *just* before you came into the
group.  (If this is the case, you'll probably know, though, because
some rude fool will probably flame you for "Bringing that up *AGAIN*!!!"
Ignore them.)  [Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
7. What is science fiction?

This subject has been hashed out endlessly, and if you really want to
see all the definitions proposed (or at least a very substantial
subset), they have been collected by Neyir Cenk Gokce [gokce@panix.com]
at http://www.panix.com/~gokce/sf_defn.html, or Beth and Richard
Treitel's page at http://web.treitel.org/sf/sf.html.  The only
definition that seems to work is Damon Knight's: "Science Fiction
is what we point at when we say it."  Unless you have something really
new and amazing, don't start this topic.  [Provided by Evelyn Leeper
[evelynleeper@geocities.com] and Taki Kogoma [quirk@vesta.unm.edu].]

[If you *think* you have something new and amazing, try applying it
to the following cases:
	alternate history novels
	novels set on another planet with no contact with Earth and
		no unknown technology (e.g., HELLO SUMMER, GOODBYE
		by Michael Coney, and possibly AGAINST A DARK BACKGROUND
		by Iain M. Banks)
	SWORDSPOINT by Ellen Kushner]

As for the origin of the term itself, according to Sam Moskowitz in
EXPLORERS OF THE INFINITE: SHAPERS OF SCIENCE FICTION (page 240):
"The first issue of SCIENCE WONDER STORIES was dated June
1929.  ...  Most important, [Hugo Gernsback] coined, in his editorial
in the first SCIENCE WONDER STORIES, the term 'science fiction,' which
was to become the permanent name of the genre, completely eclipsing
'scientifiction.'"

----------------------------------------------------------------------
8. What is the difference between science fiction and fantasy?

See Q#7.

This also has been done to death.  Virtually every answer you give will
fail to clearly indicate which category a large number of books belong
to.  Familiar books mentioned that test the boundary conditions include
Anne McCaffrey's "Dragon" series, Piers Anthony's "Apprentice Adept"
series, STAR WARS, and anything that uses FTL.  The most concise
definition I've heard was given by John Clute in a radio broadcast 22
March 1997: " "Science fiction: the model is that it is a kind of story
which argues from this world a kind of possible outcome.  It's possibly
an improbable outcome, but it is arguable.  Fantasy essentially, as I
have been seeing it, is a series of stories, self-coherent stories (a
term we use, kind of a bad neologism to describe stories which as [it]
were understand themselves as stories; they're told stories), that are
set in worlds that are technically impossible, that we can't argue.  We
may believe in them, but we can't argue them."

A more complete listing of the borderline cases includes:
	Poul Anderson's "Operation" stories, collected in OPERATION CHAOS
	Piers Anthony's "Apprentice Adept" series
	James Blaylock's "Elfin Ship"
	Marion Zimmer Bradley's "Darkover" series
	David Brin's PRACTICE EFFECT
	Rick Cook's "Wizard's Bane" series
	L. Sprague de Camp & Fletcher Pratt"s "Incomplete Enchanter" series
	Charles de Lint's SVAHA
	C. S. Friedman's "Coldfire" series
	Lyndon Hardy's "Master of the Five Magics" series
	Robert A. Heinlein's MAGIC, INC.
	Rosemary Kirstein's STEERSWOMAN and THE OUTSKIRTER'S SECRET
	Julian May's "Pliocene Exile" series
	Anne McCaffrey's "Dragonrider" series
	Walter M. Miller's CANTICLE FOR LEIBOVITZ
	James Morrow's THIS IS THE WAY THE WORLD ENDS
	Kristine Kathryn Rusch's ALIEN INFLUENCES
	Robert Silverberg's "Majipoor" series
	Christopher Stasheff's "Warlock" series
	Michael Swanwick's IRON DRAGON'S DAUGHTER
	Sheri Tepper's "The World of the True Game" books
	Lawrence Watt-Evans's "Three Worlds" series
	Lawrence Watt-Evans's CYBORG AND THE SORCERERS and THE
		WIZARD AND THE WAR MACHINE
	Walter Jon Williams's METROPOLITAN and CITY ON FIRE
	Gene Wolfe's "Book of the New Sun"
	Roger Zelazny's LORD OF LIGHT
	(anything with faster-than-light (FTL) travel, time travel,
	parallel worlds/universes, psionics, or shoddy science)

(Often someone suggests that fantasy and science fiction can be easily
divided and this list is brought up, the original poster responds by
saying they haven't read any of these so they can't say which category
they go in.  This is not likely to convince people that such a division
is possible. :-) )

Of course, you can also check out Jerry Oltion's essay on this in the
March 1997 issue of THE MAGAZINE OF FANTASY & SCIENCE FICTION.

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]

----------------------------------------------------------------------
8a. Isn't magical realism just another name for fantasy?

This is regularly hashed out; see
http://www.geocities.com/evelynleeper/magreal.htm for a summary of
the discussion, a list of books, possible definitions, and more.

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
8b. Why are fantasy works nominated for Hugo Awards?

Constitution of the World Science Fiction Society
Article II -- Hugo Awards
Section 2.2: Categories.
2.2.1: Best Novel. A science fiction OR FANTASY story of forty thousand
(40,000) words or more appearing for the first time during the previous
calendar year.  ...  [caps mine]

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]

----------------------------------------------------------------------
9. The SF-LOVERS Digest

The SF-LOVERS Digest is a service for those who cannot read the
rec.arts.sf newsgroups directly.  It is a compilation of the articles
posted to sf.misc, sf.announce, sf.fandom, sf.movies, sf.tv, sf.written
and sf.reviews which is sent out periodically via e-mail.  The
moderator, Saul Jaffe, does a certain amount of editing when compiling
the Digest.  Duplicate information is eliminated and the articles are
organized by topic.  Also, most meta-discussions are not included in
the Digest.

To subscribe, unsubscribe, report problems, etc., send e-mail to
SF-LOVERS-REQUEST@RUTGERS.EDU.  To post articles to the various
newsgroups use the following addresses:

       Topic                            Address
       -----                            -------

       Written SF                       sf-lovers-written@rutgers.edu
       Sf on Television                 sf-lovers-tv@rutgers.edu
       Sf Films                         sf-lovers-movies@rutgers.edu
       General discussions that don't
         fit specifically in the other
         topic headings                 sf-lovers-misc@rutgers.edu

Due to the high volume of mail, it's quite likely that administrative
type messages sent to the wrong address will be ignored.
[Provided by Saul Jaffe.]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
10. Star Trek/Babylon-5/Dr. Who

There are hierarchies of newsgroups for these topics.  Articles about
them, including books about them, should be posted there.
	rec.arts.sf.tv.babylon5
	rec.arts.startrek.*
	rec.arts.drwho

Do not post flames about people violating this guideline.  Use e-mail
to request they follow it.  It's likely that this person is reading
rec.arts.sf.written via the SF-LOVERS Digest and has no access to
netnews or rec.arts.startrek.  If so, that person will not see your
flame because discussions of what's appropriate in the newsgroup are
not included in the SF-LOVERS digest.  [Provided by Evelyn Leeper
evelynleeper@geocities.com].]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
11. Common abbreviations

	AFAIK -- "As Far As I Know"
	BTW   -- "By the way"
	FIAWOL-- "Fandom is a way of life"
	FIAJAGDH-- "Fandom is just a ghod damned hobby"
	FTL   -- "Faster than light"
	FWIW  -- "For What It's Worth"
	FYI   -- "For your information"
	IIRC  -- "If I remember correctly"
	IMAO  -- "In my arrogant opinion"
	IMHO  -- "In my humble (honest) opinion"
	ISBN  -- "International Standard Book Number"
	ObSF  -- "Obligatory SF reference"
	RASF  -- "rec.arts.sf"
	ROFL  -- "Rolling on the floor, laughing"
	ROTF  -- "Rolling on the floor"
	RPG   -- "Role playing games", like D&D (Dungeons and Dragons)
	RSN   -- "Real Soon Now" (== within the next decade or two)
	SMOF  -- "Secret Master Of Fandom"
	STL   -- "Slower Than Light"
	YMMV  -- "your mileage may vary"
	wrt   -- "with respect to"


----------------------------------------------------------------------
12. Various questions about multiple editions, long-awaited books,etc.

Note: It usually takes about one year from the time a manuscript is
turned in until the book actually hits the stores.

A. What's this I hear about two different editions of THE STATE OF THE
ART by Iain M. Banks?

"The State of the Art" is a longish novella, set in Iain M. Banks'
popular 'Culture' universe.  It was first published in a slim volume
entitled "The State of the Art," in 1989 by Mark V. Ziesing, an
American small press, ISBN 0-929480-06-6.  In 1991, Orbit (a UK
publisher) brought out a volume also entitled "The State of the Art."
This contains the aforementioned novella, plus seven short stories, one
of which ("A Gift from the Culture") is also set in the "Culture"
universe.  ISBN 0-356-19669-0.  It has had both hardback and paperback
editions in the UK but has not (AFAIK) been published in the US.
[Provided by Mike Scott [Mike@moose.demon.co.uk].]

[See also question 19F.]

B. The sequel to Steven R. Boyett's ARCHITECT OF SLEEP

The full story of this is at
http://members.tripod.com/~steveboy/archetyp.html.

C. The next book in David Brin's Uplift series

All three books of the latest series are now out: BRIGHTNESS REEF,
INFINITY'S SHORE, and HEAVEN'S REACH.

Also, in David Brin's novel, SUNDIVER, he make frequent mention of a
previous episode involving Jacob Demwa saving the Vanilla Needle and
his first wife falling to her death in the process.  The details are
sufficient that many suspect that this story was actually written.  As
far as anyone knows, if it has been written, it has not been
published.

D. The next book from Steven Brust

DRAGON, a new Vlad novel was published in 1998; the first five chapters
are on the Tor website.  ISSOLA, a Vlad novel, will be published in July
2001--it follows ORCA in the internal chronology.

The final set of Khaavren novels will be: THE PATHS OF THE DEAD (this
will appear to be first), THE ENCHANTRESS OF DZUR MOUNTAIN, and THE
LORD OF CASTLE BLACK.  These will be known collectively as THE VISCOUNT
OF ADRILANKHA.

E. The next book in Orson Scott Card's Alvin Maker series and the last
book in his Homecoming series

The fifth volume, HEARTFIRE, was published in July 1998, by Tor.
A sixth and final(?) book, called THE CRYSTAL CITY, is projected.

ALso, EARTHFALL and EARTHBORN (books four and five in the Homecoming
series) are out.  This completes that series.

F. The next book in Glen Cook's Black Company series

All of the four new Black Company books (collectively known as
"Glittering Stone") are out: BLEAK SEASONS was published in 1996, SHE
IS THE DARKNESS was published in September 1997, WATER SLEEPS was
published in March 1999, and SOLDIERS LIVE was published in June 2000,
all from Tor.  Paperback publication is usually a year after hardback.

According to some, Cook has an eighth novel in the Dread Empire series,
but doesn't expect it to be published (since the others didn't sell
well.)

G. The next book in P. C. Hodgell's God Stalk series

Meisha Merlin has the rights to GOD STALK, DARK OF THE MOON, SEEKER'S
MASK, and a fourth as yet unnamed book.

Publication schedule is:
	15 August 2000: DARK OF THE GODS, an omnibus collection of her
		first two novels GOD STALK and DARK OF THE MOON
		(hardcover and trade paperback) [out]
	15 August 2001: SEEKER'S MASK
		(hardcover and trade paperback)
	15 August 2002: untitled new novel in the series

Details are http://www.meishamerlin.com.  Current email address is
meisha.merlin@usa.net.  Snail mail is Meisha Merlin Publishing, Inc.,
P. O. Box 7, Decatur GA 30031.

H. Guy Gavriel Kay's Tigana ending

"How exactly is the meeting with the riselka at the end of Guy Gavriel
Kay's TIGANA supposed to apply to the three characters who meet her and
is there anything in the book which offers suggestions or is it just
supposed to leave readers guessing?"

The collective opinion of rec.arts.sf.written is that it is meant to
leave the book deliberately open-ended, there being no indications in
the book itself, beyond the obvious balance of probabilities.

From an interview with Kay by Andrew Adams (aaa@dcs.st-and.ac.uk):

Q: The end of Tigana with three men seeing a riselka suggests
to some a hook for a sequel, to others merely an indication 
that "life goes on...". Do you have any plans to return to 
the Palm?

GGK: The second theory is entirely correct. To put it another way,
I wanted the sense that this whole very long story is NOT the 
whole story of these peoples' lives. No sequel was planned or
hinted at. I think most thoughtful readers picked up on the 
point, but there have been an awful lot who have been waiting
for the next volume. This depresses me, actually.

And "Riselka" is indeed spelt "riselka," despite many creative attempts
   towards alternative spellings. It presumably comes from the
   Slavonic "rusalka" -- a female water spirit.

[Provided by Mike Arnatov [mla1290@ggr.co.uk].]

I. The next book in S. M. Stirling's Draka series

DRAKON is now out from Baen.  A prequel to the whole series, LAUGHTER
OF THE GUNS, is currently in limbo, as well as UNTO US A CHILD, a
sequel to DRAKON.  An anthology of Draka stories by other authors, DRAKAS!,
was published by Baen in November 2000.

J. The sequel to David R. Palmer's THRESHOLD

The blurb on the book to the contrary notwithstanding, it doesn't exist.
[Provided by Ahasuerus the Wandering Jew [ahasuer@clark.net].]

K. [deleted]

L. The next book in Sharon Lee and Steve Miller's Liaden Universe

According to Miller and Lee, there are four so far: CONFLICT OF
HONORS, AGENT OF CHANGE, and CARPE DIEM, all published by Del Rey;
and PLAN B, published in a signed, limited edition by Meisha Merlin
They also have a chapbook called "Two Tales of Korval", available from
the authors themselves since December 1995.  "It's a charming two-story
book set in the Liaden Universe, well worth reading for the hooked."
There are two prequels, as yet unpublished: LOCAL CUSTOM and SCOUT'S
PROGRESS.  [Extracted from a Liaden home page by Steve Miller and Sharon
Lee [kinzel@mint.net and rolanni@mint.net.]

Updates:
PLAN B has now been published in an autographed limited-run hardcover
and a trade paperback from Meisha Merlin as well.

A three-in-one omnibus of the first three books titled PARTNERS IN
NECESSITY appeared in February of 2000.

SCOUT'S PROGRESS and LOCAL CUSTOM debuted together as a single volume
in February 2001 titled PILOT'S CHOICE.

A new novelette, "Balance of Trade", was published in ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE,
issue 11.  The "Coming in the Next Issue" feature promises that Issue 12
of ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE will have another Liaden story, "Choice of Weapons."
[Updates from Rich Horton [rrhorton@prodigy.net].]

Future plans:

I DARE has been turned in should be published in February 2002.
Contracted for February 2003 is BALANCE OF TRADE (working title).
Contracts are in the works for a book each for 2004 and 2005 to deal
with the teaming of Jela and Cantra.

Ace mass market editions of the seven existing Liaden Universe(R) novels
are set to begin appearing early 2002.

The other frequent question they've been getting: "Will there be a one
volume collection of the short works any time soon?"

The answer is: Not currently in the cards. One reason is that we've got
a backlog of short story requests and we're looking at five or six
"write this real soon" items and we're two weeks behind on one due last
month. Things may clarify after next summer's book tour, but not likely
before, so right now the chapbooks or the originating magazines are the
source for those.

[Updates from Steve Miller.]

M. The next book in Catherine Asaro's "Skolian Web" series

The fourth book was THE RADIANT SEAS.  It came out January 1999.
The paperback of THE LAST HAWK was available in November 1998.

The fifth book in the saga, THE QUANTUM ROSE, was serialized in Analog,
in three parts, starting with the May 1999 issue.  The Analog serial
plus its sequel came out together as one book from Tor, in December
2000.  THE QUANTUM ROSE is a stand-alone novel and doesn't depend on
any previous books.

The sixth book in the saga, ASCENDANT SUN, came out from Tor in
February 2001, and the seventh book, SPHERICAL HARMONIC, will also come
out from Tor, probably in 2001.  ASCENDANT SUN is the sequel to both
THE RADIANT SEAS and THE LAST HAWK.  However, it can be read as a stand
alone novel.  SPHERICAL HARMONIC is also a stand-alone novel.

The first three books, PRIMARY INVERSION, CATCH THE LIGHTNING, and
THE LAST HAWK are stand-alone novels that don't depend on each other. 
All of them take place in the same universe and are tales of the Ruby
Dynasty, but they can be read in any order.  Although THE RADIANT SEAS
is a stand-alone novel as well, it is also the sequel to PRIMARY
INVERSION.

Other Skolian Empire stories:  The novella "Aurora in Four Voices" is
the cover story for the December 1998 Analog.  It takes place about
fifteen years prior to PRIMARY INVERSION and has Soz from PI as one of
its two main characters.  The novelette "Light and Shadow" appeared in
the April 1994 issue of Analog.  It is a story about Kelric, the main
character in THE LAST HAWK, and takes place a number of years prior to
HAWK.

The Skolian Empire books and the Ruby Dynasty books are the same.
For more information, see the Asaro Books web site at
http://www.sff.net/people/asaro/.

N. The next Ken MacLeod book (and reading order)

THE CASSINI DIVISION, THE STONE CANAL, and THE SKY ROAD are currently
available in the US from Tor.  THE STAR FRACTION will be published in
hardcover in August 2001.

COSMONAUT KEEP is out in the UK and is due out in the US in May 2001.
A sequel, tentatively titled DARK LIGHT, is scheduled to be published
in the UK in November 2001.

The first series of books were first published in the UK in the following
order:  THE STAR FRACTION, THE STONE CANAL, THE CASSINI DIVISION, THE
SKY ROAD.

By internal chronology, the ordering is loosely:
THE STONE CANAL, set starting in the 1970s, and also in the far future.
THE STAR FRACTION, set in the 2040s in the UK
THE CASSINI DIVISION, set some time after the future part of THE STONE CANAL
THE SKY ROAD is an alternate future, which Rich Horton describes thusly:
"The earlier parts ... of THE STONE CANAL and all of THE STAR FRACTION
are set in a common past to both THE SKY ROAD and to THE CASSINI
DIVISION, but one of the events in THE STONE CANAL goes a different way
in THE SKY ROAD."  Therefore, it is not consistent with THE CASSINI
DIVISION.  It is also set in two time periods, 2059 and several
centuries in the future.

According to some, THE STONE CANAL is the best introduction to the series,
as it stands on its own the best and gives some of the background for
relationships that are important in THE CASSINI DIVISION  and THE SKY ROAD.
Others say to start with THE CASSINI DIVISION, which gets going faster, and
also stands on it own.

COSMONAUT KEEP is completely independent of that series (referred to as
"The Fall Revolution," at least by one person.)

[Thanks to Patrick Nielsen Hayden [pnh@panix.com], Rich Horton
[rrhorton@prodigy.net] and Tom Woamck [thomas.womack@ox.compsoc.net] for
most of this information.]

O. The fourth book of Alexei Panshin's Anthony Villers series

Three books were published in the Anthony Villers series: STAR WELL,
THE THURB REVOLUTION, and MASQUE WORLD.  A fourth book was promised at
the end of the third book and was to be titled, THE UNIVERSAL
PANTOGRAPH.  It was never published.

P. The next Merlin book from Nikolai Tolstoy

Though there was promised a sequel to Tolstoy's book, Tolstoy lost a
libel case (long story having to do with what some British officers did
and didn't do in 1945) a few years ago and is legally bankrupt, and
whatever money he might be able to make writing books would go to the
folks who won the case.  It is unlikely, therefore, that he will spend
the effort.

[Provided by Ahasuerus the Wandering Jew (ahasuer@clark.net).]

Q. [deleted]

R. The third book in Paul Edwin Zimmer's The Dark Border series

"There is no third book.  Despite the somewhat cliffhanger ending, it 
is, and has always been intended to be, a duology."

A GATHERING OF HEROES is set in the same world, but does not form a
trilogy with the first two.  There is also INGULF THE MAD, published by
Ace in 1989.

S. The third book in Meredith Pierce's Darkangel trilogy

This was in fact published, as THE PEARL OF THE SOUL OF THE WORLD 
by Joy Street Books, a division of Little, Brown & Co.

Harcourt Brace/Magic Carpet re-published all three books as mass market
paperbacks: THE DARKANGEL and A GATHERING OF GARGOYLES in 1998 and THE
PEARL OF THE SOUL OF THE WORLD in April or May 1999.  There was also
an omnibus from "Guild America Books" of the three closer to the date
of the original hardcover publications.

T. The fifth book in the Chtorr series

This is currently called A METHOD FOR MADNESS.  While Gerrold has some of
this written, other projects are occupying much of his time, and no release
date has been set."

[Provided by Brendon Towle (towle@ils.nwu.edu).]

U. The next book in Vernor Vinge's Slow Zone series and the annotated
   FIRE UPON THE DEEP

A DEEPNESS IN THE SKY was published in February 1999 by Tor/St. Martin's
Press.

As of Aug 2000, Vinge has delivered the annotated text of A FIRE UPON
THE DEEP (as it appeared on the 1993 "Hugo and Nebula Anthology"
CD-ROM) to Tor, who are (is?) looking into publishing it as etext.

----------------------------------------------------------------------
13. Clarke's Laws

Clarke's Law, later Clarke's First Law, can be found in the essay
"Hazards of Prophecy: The Failure of Imagination", in the collection
"Profiles of the Future", 1962, revised 1973, Harper & Row, paperback
by Popular Library, ISBN 0-445-04061-0.  It reads:

# [1]		When a distinguished but elderly scientist
#		states that something is possible, he is almost
#		certainly right.  When he states that something
#		is impossible, he is very probably wrong.

Note that the adverbs in the two sentences are different.  Clarke continues:

#	Perhaps the adjective "elderly" requires definition.  In physics,
#	mathematics, and astronautics it means over thirty; in the other
#	disciplines, senile decay is sometimes postponed to the forties.
#	There are, of course, glorious exceptions; but as every researcher
#	just out of college knows, scientists of over fifty are good for
#	nothing but board meetings, and should at all costs be kept out
#	of the laboratory!

Isaac Asimov added a further comment with Asimov's Corollary to Clarke's
Law, which he expounded in an essay logically titled "Asimov's Corollary".
This appeared in the February 1977 issue of F&SF, and can be found in the
collection "Quasar, Quasar, Burning Bright", 1978, Doubleday; no ISBN on
my copy.  Asimov's Corollary reads:

% [1AC]		When, however, the lay public rallies round an
%		idea that is denounced by distinguished but elderly
%		scientists and supports that idea with great fervor
%		and emotion -- the distinguished but elderly
%		scientists are then, after all, probably right.


So much for Clarke's First Law.  A few pages later on, in the final
paragraph of the same essay, Clarke writes:

# [2]		But the only way of discovering the limits of the
#		possible is to venture a little way past them into
#		the impossible.

To this he attaches a footnote:

#	The French edition of [presumably, the first edition of] this
#	book rather surprised me by calling this Clarke's Second Law.
#	(See page [number] for the First, which is now rather well-
#	known.)  I accept the label, and have also formulated a Third:
#
# [3]		Any sufficiently advanced technology is
#		indistinguishable from magic.
#
#	As three laws were good enough for Newton, I have modestly
# 	decided to stop there.

[Provided by Mark Brader.]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
14. SF themes in music

A list of songs which have science fictional themes is maintained by
Rich Kulawiec.  This list is posted to news.answers periodically.  If
you can not find it there, e-mail Rich at rsk@gynko.circ.upenn.edu.
Alternate e-mail addresses for Rich are rsk@ecn.purdue.edu or
pur-ee!rsk.  [Provide3d by Rich Kulawiec [rsk@gynko.circ.upenn.edu].]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
15. Oldest Living SF Authors

The major ones over the age of eighty are:
    Jack Williamson, 29 APR 1908
    Nelson Bond, 1908
    Lloyd Arthur Eshbach, 1910
    David Kyle, 1912
    Andre Norton, 1912
    R. A. Lafferty, 7 NOV 1914
    Wilson ("Bob") Tucker, 23 NOV 1914
    Charles L. Harness, 29 DEC 1915
    Jack Vance, 28 AUG 1916
    Arthur C. Clarke, 16 DEC 1917
    Philip Jose Farmer, 26 JAN 1918
    E. C. Tubb, 15 OCT 1919
    Frederik Pohl, 26 NOV 1919
    Ray Bradbury, 22 AUG 1920

A more complete list can be found at http://www.sfsite.com/isfdb/oldest.html.

Also worthy of mention are Frank Belknap Long, who died in 1994 at the
age of 90, and E. Hoffman Price, who also died in 1988, also at the age
of 90, and had published novels at 81, 82, 84, 85, 88, and 89.

Gary Couzens suggests Geoffrey Dearmer (21 March 1893-18 August 1996),
best known as a WWI poet, as the oldest SF author ever.

Note: Do not post that X is dead unless you have heard this from a
reputable source, such as a daily newspaper, or a reputable fan or
author.  Postings in other groups on the Net, and statements from
friends such as, "Isn't X dead?" are not reputable sources!
[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------
16A. Black SF authors

Are there any black SF authors?

Yes.  The three most prominent are Samuel Delany, Octavia Butler and
Steven Barnes.  Others are Mary Aldridge, D. Christine Benders ("Hollow
Bones"), LeVar Burton, James Nelson Coleman (SEEKER FROM THE STARS and
THE NULL-FREQUENCY IMPULSER), Tananarive Due (THE BETWEEN), Nancy
Farmer (THE EYE, THE EAR, AND THE ARM; young adult), John M. Faucette
(AGE OF RUIN, CROWN OF INFINITY), Eric James Fullilove (THE STRANGER,
CIRCLE OF ONE), Jewelle Gomez (THE GILDA STORIES, vampire epic),
Virginia Hamilton ("The Justice Cycle" trilogy and young adult
fantasies), Nalo Hopkinson (short stories and a novel, BROWN GIRL IN
THE RING), A. M. Lightner (DAY OF THE DRONES; mostly young adult
novels), Jesse Miller, Frieda Murray, Ishmael Reed, Jewell Parker
Rhodes (VOODOO DREAMS, a novel about Marie Laveau), Charles R. Saunders
(IMARO and THE QUEST FOR CUSH), and Nisi Shawl (short stories).

Toni Morrison writes what is certainly fantasy, though she is not often
thought of as an SF ("speculative fiction") writer.  Walter Mosely is
primarily known for mysteries, but he has written one SF novel, BLUE
LIGHT.

Butler and Hamilton have both won MacArthur Grants and are the only two
SF writers to have done so.

Dennis Lien (Dennis.K.Lien-1@tc.umn.edu) notes: "The FAQ list refers to
'Black SF Authors' as opposed to specifically 'African-American,' so it
may be worth noting that Charles Saunders is, more strictly,
Afro-Canadian (US-born but for a long time now a Canadian citizen, I
believe)."

Some other Black (but not African-American) SF authors: West Indian
authors Julian Jay Savarin (the Lemmus time trilogy) and Edgar
Mittelholzer (MY BONES AND MY FLUTE), and above all the
recently-deceased Yoruba writer Amos Tutuola (THE PALM-WINE DRINKARD
AND HIS DEAD PALM-WINE TAPSTER IN THE DEADS' TOWN;  MY LIFE IN THE BUSH
OF GHOSTS; and others).  It has been noted that both Alexander Pushkin
and Alexander Dumas pere were black (by current standards) and wrote
fantasy.

(There is a bibliography of the work of "people of color in the field
of speculative fiction (science fiction, fantasy, horror, magical
realism, and fantastical literature of any type)" at
http://www.netgsi.com/~fcowboy/intro.html.  Its definition of "people
of color" may not agree with yours.)

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com] and others.]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------
16B. Asian/Asian-American SF authors

Are there any Asian/Asian-American SF authors?

Well, there are tons of them writing in Japanese (and other languages),
but I'll stick to just the ones available in English; this list also
includes Anglo-Asian authors:

Kobo Abe, Brenda Clough, Ted Chiang, Tony Chiu, Amitav Ghosh, Sakyo
Komatsu, Eric Kotani (Yoji Kondo), Haruki Murakami, Linda Nagata
(though someone has said that she is not Asian--her spouse is), Somtow
Sucharitkul/S. P. Somtow, Hiroe Suga, George Takei, William F. Wu.

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com] and others.]


----------------------------------------------------------------------
17. Good SF bookstores in town Z and ordering by mail/Web

Evelyn C. Leeper (evelynleeper@geocities.com) maintains several lists of
bookstores in various North American, European, African, and Asian
cities at http://www.geocities.com/evelynleeper/bookshop.htm.  These
lists are *not* SF specific, but extensive commentary makes it pretty
easy to sort those stores out from the rest.  Stores that are known
to ship worldwide by mail are so noted.

There are also always amazon.com, borders.com, and barnesandnoble.com.

http://www.bookshop.co.uk, http://www.amazon.co.uk,
http://www.amazon.de, http://www.indigo.ca, and
http://www.bookworm.com.au are possibilities for British, German,
Canadian, and Australian books.

For used books, try:
                    http://www.bibliofind.com/
                    http://www.bookfinder.com/
                    http://www.abebooks.com/
                    http://www.alibris.com/
                    http://www.powells.com/

Powells is both new and used.  It also turns up in several of the multi-
dealer searches listed above.

And in answer to a specific frequently asked question: There is no SF
specialty bookstore in New York City.

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]

----------------------------------------------------------------------

17a. Are chain bookstores (particularly superstores) evil?

Yes, if you live in an area which had several large, well-stocked
independent bookstores that went out of business when a chain opened a
megastore there.

No, if you live in an area that had no bookstores (or only a mall
bookstore) before the chain opened a megastore there.

Which is a fancy way of saying your mileage may vary, and this topic
is unlikely to be resolved by discussion here.

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].]

----------------------------------------------------------------------
18. What is Johnny Rico's ethnic group in STARSHIP TROOPERS?

From page 205 of the 1968 Berkeley edition (end of Chapter XIII):

    I said, "There ought to be one named _Magsaysay_."
    Bennie said, "What?"
    "Ramon Magsaysay," I explained.  "Great man, great soldier -- probably
  be chief of psychological warfare if he was alive today. "Didn't you
  study any history?"
    "Well," admitted Bennie, "I learned that Simo'n Bolivar built the
  Pyramids, licked the Armada, and made the first trip to the Moon."
    "You left out marrying Cleopatra," I said.
    "Oh, that.  Yup.  Well, I guess every country has its own version of
  history."
    "I'm sure of it." I added something to myself and Bennie said, "What
  did you say?"
    "Sorry, Bernardo. Just an old saying in my own language.  I suppose
  you could translate it, more or less, as `Home is where the heart is.'"
    "But what language was it?"
    "Tagalog.  My native language."
    "Don't they talk Standard English where you come from?"
    "Oh, certainly.  For business and school and so forth.  We just talk
  the old speech around home a little.  Traditions, you know."
    "Yeah, I know.  My folks chatter in Espan~ol the same way.  But where
  do you--"  The speaker started playing "Meadowland"; Bennie broke into
  a grin.  "Got a date with a ship!  Watch yourself, fellow!  See you."

There is no room at all left for misinterpretation.  Johnny Rico is a
Filipino; Tagalog is a Philippine language, Ramon Magsaysay was a hero
of the Philippine resistance, and many Filipinos have Spanish names.

[Provided by Eric Raymond.]

----------------------------------------------------------------------

19. In what order should I read:

A. Lois McMaster Bujold's "Vorkosigan" series? 

Opinion seems to be divided to reading them in order of the internal
chronology (to avoid spoilers) or in order of publication.  In either
case, MIRROR DANCE, MEMORY, and KOMARR should be read last or the
reader will likely miss some important connections.  And I recommend
reading SHARDS OF HONOR first in either case.  The more recent editions
of the Baen paperbacks have an internal chronology in the back of each
book.

By order of publication, the books in the series are SHARDS OF HONOR
(1986), THE WARRIOR'S APPRENTICE (1986), ETHAN OF ATHOS (1986), FALLING
FREE (1988), BORDERS OF INFINITY (1989), BROTHERS IN ARMS (1989), THE
VOR GAME (1990), BARRAYAR (1991), MIRROR DANCE (1994), CETAGANDA
(1996), MEMORY (1996), KOMARR (1998), and A CIVIL CAMPAIGN (1999).
FALLING FREE and ETHAN OF ATHOS are basically independent of the other
storylines.  Bujold's other book, THE SPIRIT RING, is a fantasy not set
in the same universe.

By internal chronology (my recommendation), the order is FALLING FREE
(peripheral), SHARDS OF HONOR, BARRAYAR, THE WARRIOR'S APPRENTICE, the
short story "The Mountains of Mourning" in BORDERS OF INFINITY, THE VOR
GAME, CETAGANDA, ETHAN OF ATHOS (peripheral), the short story "Labyrinth"
in BORDERS Of INFINITY, the short story "Borders of Infinity" in BORDERS
OF INFINITY, BROTHERS IN ARMS, MIRROR DANCE, MEMORY, KOMARR, and A CIVIL
CAMPAIGN. 

[People have sent many variations to this, based on which books they think
are stronger or weaker.  I will not include all the arguments here.]

[Provided by Peter L. Edman [pledman@access.digex.net],
robertaw@halcyon.com [Robert A. Woodward], and others.]

B. Steven Brust's "Dragaeran" series?

The Vlad Taltos novels can be read in published order or in chronological
order.  Mileage varies on which is preferable.

The published order is:
	1.  JHEREG 
	2.  YENDI 
	3.  TECKLA 
	4.  TALTOS 
	5.  PHOENIX 
	6.  ATHYRA 
	7.  ORCA 
	8.  DRAGON
	9.  ISSOLA (July 2001)

The chronological order is:
	1.  TALTOS 
	2.  YENDI 
	3.  DRAGON 
	4.  JHEREG 
	5.  TECKLA
	6.  PHOENIX 
	7.  ATHYRA 
	8.  ORCA
	9.  ISSOLA (July 2001)
 
According to some, TALTOS, YENDI, DRAGON, and JHEREG are more
stand-alone than the others.  However, DRAGON comes both before and
after YENDI in internal chronology and contains spoilers for YENDI.

As noted elsewhere, ISSOLA will be the next Vlad novel.

The Khaavren novels are:

1. THE PHOENIX GUARDS
2. FIVE HUNDRED YEARS AFTER

and take place before the Vlad books.  (The forthcoming third (which is a
trilogy), THE VISCOUNT OF ADRILANKHA, will bring the chronology up to
Vlad's time.)

BROKEDOWN PALACE is effectively a stand-alone.  

[Provided by Kate Nepveu [knepveu@lynx.neu.edu].]

C. Isaac Asimov's "Foundation" series?

There are two answers here, a short one, and a longer one which also
includes opinions on the quality of the books.

From J. Hunter Johnson (jhunterj@donet.com):

As with other series, the Asimov books can be read in published order or in
chronological order.  First-time readers should probably read the books in
published order to avoid some of the spoilers present.

The chronological order of the novels by Asimov or approved by his estate
are:

The Caves of Steel (1954)
The Naked Sun (1957)
The Robots of Dawn (1983)
Robots and Empire (1985)

Caliban (1993)
Inferno (1994)
Utopia (1996)

The Stars, Like Dust (1951)
The Currents of Space (1952)
Pebble in the Sky (1950)

Prelude to Foundation (1988)
Forward the Foundation (1993)

Foundation's Fear (1997, takes place after the first chapter of Forward the
Foundation)
Foundation and Chaos (1998)
Foundation's Triumph (1999, takes place after the first chapter of
Foundation)

Foundation (1951)
Foundation and Empire (1952)
Second Foundation (1953)

Foundation's Edge (1982)
Foundation and Earth (1986)

A full chronology including short stories and unapproved novels can be
found at http://www.clark.net/pub/edseiler/WWW/insane_list.html.


From Richard Harter [note this includes critical comments as well as
a description of the series]:

In his youth Isaac Asimov constructed three distinct major fictional
universes, each thematically separate, the far future Foundation
trilogy, the near future series of short stories about positronic
robots, and an intermediate series about the conflict between Earthers
and Spacers, the latter being potentially in the same universe as his
earlier robot novels.

Much later, after a successful career as an author of non-fiction
expository works on a wide variety of subjects, he wrote a sequel to
the Foundation trilogy, "Foundation's Edge".  Not content with this he
embarked on a series of novels to tie his various universes together.
Since his death the composite universe has been extended by authorized
novels by David Brin and Greg Bear.

The time line for Isaac Asimov's composite universe:
(The later works are marked with stars.)

          EARLY (IN THE NEAR FUTURE)

               The End of Eternity [1]
               I, Robot
               The Rest of the Robots

          EARTH AND THE SPACERS

               The Caves of Steel
               The Naked Sun
               * Robots of Dawn
               * Robots and Empire

          EXPANSION

               The Stars Like Dust [2]

          TRANTOR, PRE-UNIFICATION

               The Currents of Space
               Pebble In The Sky

          FOUNDATION

               * Prelude to Foundation
               * Forward the Foundation
               Foundation
               Foundation & Empire
               Second Foundation
               * Foundation's Edge
               * Foundation & Earth

The theme of the original Foundation trilogy (a series of short stories
and novellas packaged in three volumes)is the unfolding of a grand
planned history, the Seldon plan, the threat of the plan being
destroyed, and the plan being saved. The trilogy has its faults. Asimov
was quite young at the time: His appreciation of the variety of human
behaviour was limited and many of the details of his universe were
quite naive in conception. The quality of his prose is subject to
debate. The stories were somewhat dryly intellectual in conception.
None-the-less there is a grandness of conception and intriguing
puzzles. They also have one of his few great characters, the Mule. The
real hero, however, of the trilogy is the Seldon plan itself. The
Foundation stories are a triumph of science fiction as the literature
of the idea as hero.

In his early years he wrote two excellent novels, THE CAVES OF STEEL
and THE NAKED SUN, both sparse. They carried the robots of I, ROBOT
into a future of spacers vs Earth, the spacers having a mixed
human/robot culture spread across many worlds and Earth a city based
culture with a fear of robots. Earth is technologically backwards and
its residents are psychologically restricted to their caves of steel.
(The spacers vs Earth theme is an elaboration of an earlier novella,
Mother Earth.) Both are detective stories in an SF setting. Both rely
on two strong characters, the human detective, Lije Bailey and the
human appearing robot, Daneel. A thesis of the novels is that the
future of humanity lies in a C/Fe culture, i.e., in the equal
partnership of human and robot.

FOUNDATION'S EDGE was written many years later. His early novels was
sparse; FE is the first of a series of bloated novels. In my opinion it
is the first step in his disowning the Foundation trilogy. The entire
basis of the character of the Mule is destroyed. The Seldon plan is
disowned as being ultimately worthless and a cheap-jack psionic
mysticism is offered in its place.

Having returned to the worlds of his youth, Asimov determined to unite
his two grand universes. There are no robots in the Foundation universe
so it was necessary to eliminate them. He did this in two more bloated
novels, THE ROBOTS OF DAWN and EMPIRE AND ROBOTS. In these he disowns
the thesis of the C/Fe culture. The spacers are discounted as not being
viable; Daneel, on the other hand, is promoted into a mind-controlling
demi-god.  He followed these two with a third bloated novel, FOUNDATION
and EARTH, a sequel to FOUNDATION'S EDGE in which it is ultimately
revealed that Daneel is the master mind behind human history.

This was, for the nonce, the capstone of his of his campaign to disown
the work of his youth by rewriting the juice out of it.  The value of
the Seldon plan had been discounted; the Mule had been emasculated;
Daneel had been destroyed by deification; and the C/Fe thesis had been
discarded. He wasn't done.

PRELUDE TO FOUNDATION and the sequel FORWARD THE FOUNDATION are
set on Trantor; nominally they are about how Hari Seldon brings
about the Seldon plan. Both are farragos of implausible
melodrama. Concealed within them however is the final discounting - the
revelation that the Seldon plan was never feasible in the first place.
[3] The Bear, Brin, et al novels are a continuation of the melodrama.
In the words of bard, they are full of sound and fury, signifying
nothing.

[1] THE END OF ETERNITY is not part of the series but it implicitly
references it.

[2] THE STARS LIKE DUST is an early work; it isn't quite consistent
with his later works but is consistent with the earlier novels. It
features a radioactive Earth whose radioactivity is due to a nuclear
war.

[3] In SECOND FOUNDATION the original plan was somewhat makeshift, a
"best we can do" at the time job. The one sour note is the idea
advanced in SECOND FOUNDATION that the Second Foundation was to be the
ruling class.

There is a fundamental problem with the psychohistory concept; the
psychohistorians become the rulers and they, too, are human.  Michael
Flynn makes it all clear in IN THE COUNTRY OF THE BLIND. Asimov didn't
come to terms with the issue in the Foundation trilogy; later on, in
FOUNDATION'S EDGE he confronted it but his solution was icky.

[Provided by Richard Harter [cri@tiac.net].  There may be an updated
version at http://www.tiac.net/users/cri/asimov.html.]

D. Ken MacLeod's Books?

See Question 12N.

E. Terry Pratchett's "Discworld" books?

From Kate Nepveu (knepveu@steelypips.org): 

The Discworld novels consist of four sub-series and several 
stand-alone books.  The sub-series feature the same character(s); 
while it is enjoyable to read these in order and see the characters 
evolve, it's not strictly necessary.  (The lone exception to this 
rule is THE LIGHT FANTASTIC, which is a "traditional" sequel.)   
They are listed in order below, with the distinguishing 
character(s) of their sub-series noted.   

(U.K.) publication order and chronological order are effectively 
the same for the sub-series; history on the Discworld is a funny 
thing--see THIEF OF TIME for more information--so no representations 
about order across books is offered.  At any rate, you won't 
encounter spoilers if you read the books in this order.   

1.  THE COLOUR OF MAGIC   [Rincewind] 
2.  THE LIGHT FANTASTIC   [Rincewind] 
3.  EQUAL RITES           [Lancre Witches] 
4.  MORT                  [Death] 
5.  SOURCERY              [Rincewind] 
6.  WYRD SISTERS          [Lancre Witches] 
7.  PYRAMIDS              [stand-alone] 
8.  GUARDS! GUARDS!       [City Watch] 
9.  ERIC                  [Rincewind] 
10. MOVING PICTURES       [stand-alone] 
11. REAPER MAN            [Death] 
12. WITCHES ABROAD        [Lancre Witches] 
13. SMALL GODS            [stand-alone] 
14. LORDS AND LADIES      [Lancre Witches] 
15. MEN AT ARMS           [City Watch] 
16. SOUL MUSIC            [Death/Susan] 
17. INTERESTING TIMES     [Rincewind] 
18. MASKERADE             [Lancre Witches] 
19. FEET OF CLAY          [City Watch] 
20. HOGFATHER             [Death/Susan] 
21. JINGO                 [City Watch] 
22. THE LAST CONTINENT    [Rincewind] 
23. CARPE JUGULUM         [Lancre Witches] 
24. THE FIFTH ELEPHANT    [City Watch] 
25. THE TRUTH             [stand-alone *] 
26. THIEF OF TIME         [Death/Susan] 

* THE TRUTH    is set in Ankh-Morpork, which is the City of the City 
Watch, so readers will encounter familiar characters, but the focus 
is on a new character. 

Mileage varies on where to start reading for two reasons.  First, the 
Discworld novels evolve and improve over time, and there can be 
disagreement over when the books become "good enough" to recommend to 
a first-time reader.  Second, people may have strong opinions 
regarding a particular sub-series (the Rincewind books are perhaps 
the most frequent point of disagreement, as they are notably lighter 
than the others).  Thus, the best all-purpose guideline is probably 
to just pick one from around the middle of this list and try it. 
(For whatever it's worth, I have had very good luck with recommending 
SMALL GODS to start.) 

Laurabelle Melton (lbmelton@mtholyoke.edu) demurs:

Actually, this isn't strictly true; there have been great arguments on
alt.books.pratchett and alt.fan.pratchett about the chronological order
of the books (especially SMALL GODS).  Unfortunately the Unreal
Discworld Timeline is not on the Web.

There's a suggested Discworld reading order at
http://www.netcomuk.co.uk/~gidnsuzi/readord.html; I think that URL
would make a useful addition to the FAQ.

[Note that Pratchett has also written some non-Discworld novels, which
frequently are packaged looking like Discworld novels--Kirby covers,
etc.).  STRATA is somewhat proto-Discworld; THE DARK SIDE OF THE SUN is
completely separate.]

F. Iain M. Banks's "Culture" books?

From Andrea Leistra (aleistra@f1n7.u.arizona.edu) and others:

[See also question 12A.]

There are generally two recommended reading orders for Banks.  
None of the Culture books are directly connected, so in terms of 
spoilers it makes little difference, and generally most of the 
debate tends to be over which book should be read first.

The publication order is one that is often recommended:
	CONSIDER PHLEBAS
	PLAYER OF GAMES
	USE OF WEAPONS
	"The State of the Art" (see question 12A)
	EXCESSION
	INVERSIONS
	("A Gift from the Culture" can be read after any book other
	than CONSIDER PHELBAS)

This is frequently recommended, at least to the extent of "Read
CONSIDER PHLEBAS first," because there are low-level spoilers for
CONSIDER PHLEBAS in the other books, to the extent that you know more
about the Culture than you otherwise would.

This is the order in which I read the books.  I wasn't terribly
impressed by CONSIDER PHLEBAS, and generally recommend the other order
myself.

The other recommended order just reverses the first two, and reverts to
publication order thereafter; this is because PLAYER OF GAMES is, in
the opinions of those who recommend this order, a better book, and it
certainly gives the best general picture of the normal, internal life
in the Culture.  It is also in print in the US, if that's a factor.

If you start with one of those two you probably will be fine.  UoW is 
not generally recommended (although some people here will probably 
argue with that) because it needs some background.  EXCESSION relies
to even a greater extent on knowing about Culture Minds, though there 
are some people here who started with that without problems.  

As for what the Culture is: well, keep in mind that although there are
no plot spoilers here it will alter the impact of CONSIDER PHLEBAS
advocated by the "read-CONSIDER PHLEBAS-first" faction.

[However, I have rot-13'ed it.]
	Gur Phygher vf n hgbcvn, bs gur yrsg-yvoregnevna inevrgl (ab
	tbireazrag, ohg ab zbarl rvgure) juvpu vf jul zbfg bs gur
	fgbevrf gnxr cynpr nebhaq gur rqtrf; erfbheprf ner nohaqnag
	rabhtu gung crbcyr qb fghss orpnhfr gurl jnag gb be gb trg
	erfcrpg (be gb trg vaivgrq gb gur tbbq cnegvrf) engure guna sbe
	zbarl.  (Sbe vafgnapr, Thetru va _Cynlre bs Tnzrf_ fcraqf uvf
	yvsr, jryy, cynlvat tnzrf.) Gur arne-bzavcbgrag Zvaqf eha
	fghss, juvpu vf jul guvf nyy jbexf.  Fbzr crbcyr urer fnl
	uhznaf va gur Phygher ner rffragvnyyl crgf; V qba'g nterr jvgu
	guvf, naq gur Phygher uhznaf pregnvayl qba'g nterr, be gurl
	qba'g pner.  (Gur Zvaqf qba'g pner nobhg jung uhznaf qb,
	pregnvayl.)  Zbfg uhznaf va gur Phygher yvir ba irel ynetr
	fuvcf jvgu ragregnvavat anzrf (juvpu ner pbagebyyrq ol Zvaqf,
	naq juvpu tb jurer gurl jnag) be ba Beovgnyf (yvxr zvavngher
	Evatjbeyqf, ohg beovgvat gur cevznel engure guna pragrerq ba
	vg).

There is more than you would ever want to know at
http://www.phlebas.com/text/cultnote.html, which is Banks's "A Few Notes
on the Culture".


----------------------------------------------------------------------
20. Science Fiction Book Club

About once a year someone asks about the SFBC and the resulting
discussion inevitably goes like this:

A: I love it.  I get hard cover books for about half the bookstore
   price.  Plus they have these omnibus editions of various series so
   you can pick up several books in one volume.  The binding may not be
   up to regular hardcover standards, but it's still better than
   paperback.

B: Yeah, but I keep losing the monthly cards and end up buying or having
   to send back books that I don't want.

C: You should do like I did.  I called them up and got on the
   "Preferred Member Plan".  On this plan I only get books when I send
   back the card.

D: But the selections for joining are no good.

E. The best thing to do, for anybody who wants to join, is to find
   someone who is already a member, and fill out the "sign up a friend"
   form that members get.  Then you get to pick your books from the
   current club flier, which has a much better selection and includes
   descriptions.  And your friend gets a free book (or is it two?).

----------------------------------------------------------------------
21. Recent Obituaries

[These are brief entries for well-known SF personalities who have died
over the past couple of years.  People who want more information should
check the obituary columns in LOCUS or major newspapers for the dates
listed.  I will leave them in for two years before deletion.]

Douglas Adams died 11 May 2001 at age 49 of a heart attack.  He was the
author of the "Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy" series, as well as several
other books.

Gordon R. Dickson died 31 January 2001 at age 77.  He was the author of
many science fiction books and stories, most notably the "Dorsai"
series, a.k.a. the "Childe Cycle."

L. Sprague de Camp died 6 November 2000 at age 92.  He was an author of
many talents and far more than could possibly be listed here, but
highlights include his alternate history (particularly LEST DARKNESS
FALL), his fantasy (THE COMPLEAT ENCHANTER), and his non-fiction.

Keith Roberts died 5 October 2000 at age 65 of bronchitis and
pneumonia.  He was best-known for his alternate history novel PAVANE.

Curt Siodmak died 2 September 2000 at age 98.  He wrote novels and
screenplays, being best known for the novels DONOVAN'S BRAIN and
HAUSER'S MEMORY and the screenplays for THE TRANSATLANTIC TUNNEL and
THE WOLF MAN, as well as many others in the Universal horror cycle.  He
also directed films, including THE MAGNETIC MONSTER and CURUCU, BEAST
OF THE AMAZON.

Emil Petaja died 17 August 2000 at age 85.  He wrote in fields of genre
fiction; his best-known SF works were probably his "Kalevala" cycle:
THE SAGA OF LOST EARTHS, THE STAR MILL, THE STOLEN SUN, and TRAMONTANE.

David R. Bunch died 29 May 2000 at age 74 of a heart attack.  He was
best known for his surrealistic short fiction, much of which is
collected in MODERAN.

Edward Gorey died 15 April 2000 at age 75.  Gorey was an author and
artist of the comic macabre.  He wrote over a hundred books and
illustrated more than fifty by other authors, as well as working on the
stage design for the Broadway production of DRACULA.  His best-known
and most available work is probably AMPHIGOREY.

John Sladek died 10 March 2000 at the age of 62.  Sladek was an
American who became part of the British New Wave while living in
London.  His best-known works were THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (MECHASM)
and THE MULLER-FOKKER EFFECT, as well as RODERICK and RODERICK AT
RANDOM.

A. E. Van Vogt died 26 January 2000 at the age of 87.  He was one of
the great writers of the "Golden Age" in John W. Campbell's ASTOUNDING
SCIENCE-FICTION.  His best-known works were THE VOYAGE OF THE SPACE
BEAGLE, SLAN, THE WEAPON SHOPS OF ISHER, and THE WORLD OF NULL-A.

Marion Zimmer Bradley died 25 September 1999 at the age of 69.  Her
career spanned four decades, with her best-known works being those in
the "Darkover" series.  She was also the editor of "Marion Zimmer
Bradley's Fantasy Magazine" at the time of her death.

James White died 23 August 1999 at the age of 71.  He was best known as
the author of the "Sector General" series about a space hospital
serving many species.


----------------------------------------------------------------------

22. SF ENCYCLOPEDIA et al

P Nielsen Hayden (pnh@panix.com) says:

I think we're all going to be confused about this forever.  In a wan
attempt to straighten out what's what:

The original ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SCIENCE FICTION edited by Peter Nicholls
(1979) had pictures.  [In the US, this volume was titled THE SCIENCE
FICTION ENCYCLOPEDIA.  -Joe Bernstein]

The completely revised ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SCIENCE FICTION edited by John
Clute and Peter Nicholls (1993) has no pictures.  [It has the same name
in Britain and the United States.]

[John Pomeranz says that the trade paperback edition of this has additional
text and corrects some errors.  There is also THE FANTASY ENCYCLOPEDIA,
a companion volume first published in 1997.]

The CD-ROM edition of the ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SCIENCE FICTION (1995) has
pictures, audio clips, Quicktime movies of authors, etc, in addition to
the entire text of the 1993 edition of the ENCYCLOPEDIA.

The SCIENCE FICTION: THE ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA by John Clute (1995)
has tons of pictures, but is a completely separate work not based on
the ENCYCLOPEDIA.  (I bet Clute was less than wild about the publishers'
insistence on giving this volume a name that will forever lead to it
being confused with the actual ENCYCLOPEDIA.)

THE VISUAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SCIENCE FICTION is a 1977 work by Brian Ash.

All of the above works are worthwhile.  The ENCYCLOPEDIA is a serious 
reference work; the VISUAL ENCYCLOPEDIA is a fun coffee-table book.

[end of Nielsen Hayden's comments]

I would add that there are also:

	Donald H. Tuck's 1974-1982 three-volume set, THE ENCYCLOPEDIA
		OF SCIENCE FICTION AND FANTASY.  No illustrations.
	Robert Holdstock's 1978 ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SCIENCE FICTION.
		Illustrations.
	James E. Gunn's 1975 ALTERNATE WORLDS: THE ILLUSTRATED HISTORY
		OF SCIENCE FICTION.  Illustrations.  (Okay, so it doesn't
		use the word "encyclopedia" and is more a "serious
		coffee-table book," but it seems pertinent to mention it
		here.)
	James E. Gunn's 1988 NEW ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SCIENCE FICTION.
		Illustrations.
	David Pringle's ULTIMATE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SCIENCE FICTION:
		THE DEFINITIVE ILLUSTRATED GUIDE

----------------------------------------------------------------------

23. What is the difference between "mass-market" and "trade" paperbacks?
Why do some books come out in trade paperback instead of the more affordable
mass-market format?  What about A, B, and C format in Britain?

What is the difference between trade paperback and mass market: the
channels of distribution.  Trade paperbacks do not piggyback on the
ID system of periodical distribution.

("ID distribution" is book publishing jargon for "that part of the
periodical-distribution industry that puts cheap paperback books into
non-bookstore outlets, like the wire racks at grocery stores."  It has
nothing to do with bookstores.)

How does size relate:  It doesn't.  The reason that a number of trade
paperbacks are oversized is that they are manufactured from the actual
sheets printed for the hardcover edition, but bound in paper wrappers.

Does being strippable make a difference:  Yes.  All mass market books are
strippable.  Any book that is distributed through both mass market and
direct channels is strippable.  [Strippable means that the retailer needs
to return only the cover for full credit; the rest of the book is
destroyed.]

Books that are distributed -only- though trade channels, be they hardcover
or soft cover, are usually sold on the basis of whole copy returns.

[Provided by Beth Meacham [bam@azstarnet.com] and Patrick Nielsen Hayden 
[pnh@panix.com].]

As for why (more expensive) trade paperbacks instead of (cheaper) mass
market paperbacks:

To publish a mass-market paperback successfully, you need to sell
10,000 copies of a 25,000 run to succeed--*and* you need to do this in a
six- to eight-week period.  Trade paperbacks can sell fewer, but even
more to the point, they don't have a time limit, since they are not
stripped by bookstores after six weeks.  [culled from panels at
Boskone and elsewhere]

And on the British side:

"A format" is the same as a US mass market size.  "B format" is bigger,
sort of like an Orb book.  "C format" is yuppieback, excuse me, trade
paperback, the size of a hardback but with a soft cover.  Any of these
may be trade, same definition here as there, but "C format" always
are.

[The above was provided by Jo Walton [Jo@kenjo.demon.co.uk].]

And now some additional commentary from me:

In the United States we have three basic "formats" for books: hardback,
trade paperback, and mass-market paperback.

Hardbacks (a.k.a. hardcovers) have stiff board covers under some
covering, often with an additional dust jacket.  This covering used to
be cloth, so these are supposed listed as "Cloth" in ads and such.
They cost US$20 and up (give or take).  The size varies, but most
novels are about 16cm by 20cm (6in by 8in) by whatever thickness the
length requires.  Coffee-table books are even larger ones, usually with
lots of artwork and designed to be put on coffee tables (or perhaps
made into them).

Trade paperbacks have very thick paper covers, and paper similar to
hardcovers (actually often better, since they don't usually have the
ragged edges one sees these days on hardbacks).  They are usually about
the same size as hardbacks, sightly shorter because the binding is done
differently, and without the added thickness of the covers.  They cost
in the US$10 to US$25 range (generally novels are in the lower part of
that range, non-fiction in the upper).  One feature several people have
mentioned is that in general they have the larger font of the hardback,
making them easier to read.  There are also some trade paperbacks that
look exactly like mass-market paperbacks, but usually with better
quality paper/covers.  You can tell they are trade paperbacks because
the copyright page will have a notice that they are not strippable.

Mass-market paperbacks have very thick paper covers, but cheaper paper
et al than trade paperbacks.  They are usually about 10cm by 18cm (4in
by 7in) by whatever thickness, but there are also "large-trim"
mass-market paperbacks that are the same size as the standard trade
paperback.  They are usually in the US$5 to US$9 range, but the
large-trim ones cost more.  They are "strippable"--that is, bookstores
can rip off the front cover and return just that for full credit.  They
are supposed to destroy the rest--not all do, and so some publishers
have/still do(?) require that they return the cover and the first ten
pages.  In general the quality is poorer than trade paperbacks, with
glue that may give over after a few years, etc.  Nowadays most, if not
all, mass-market paperbacks have a notice on the copyright page that if
you are buying a coverless copy, it is stolen property.

And a new wrinkle: according to Elaine Y. Fisher (elainef@airmail.net)
a "turtleback" is one of those paperback-turned-hardbacks that one
often sees in libraries, usually with the paperback color cover
laminated onto the front.  One is now seeing this term on used-book
websites.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

24. What do the letters "PJF" after Steven Brust's name mean?

PJF = Pre-Joycean Fellowship

The name is modelled on that of an artist's group named the
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.  A number of writers have appended it
including Brust, Emma Bull, Will Shetterly, Jane Yolen, Pamela Dean and
Neil Gaiman (this is not an exhaustive list).  Many, but not all of
them are members of Minneapolis Fantasy Writer's Group, the
Scribblies.

In the words of Pamela Dean, here is roughly what the PJF is trying to
do:

   "... we are trying to undo the separation of the so-called popular
   values and traits in literature (which probably include straight-
   forward narration) and the so-called literary values and traits
   (which probably include stream-of-consciousness writing).  We don't
   always succeed; we don't always try; we don't feel that writers
   doing other things are evil.  But we are trying to reunite, in our
   work, the popular and the literary.  Every one of us has a different
   definition of those terms and a different notion of how what we are
   trying to do should be accomplished."

Will Shetterly adds:

"Good FAQ, but, uh, what's this Minnesota Fantasy Writer's Group? The
Scribblies are either just the Scribblies, or they're the Interstate
Writer's Workshop (which isn't true anymore since all the current members
are in Minnesota, but that was our excuse for calling ourselves the
Scribblies)."

And later:

"I keep fighting the impulse to discuss this semi-seriously. I think I've
lost. Unfortunately, I wrote a couple of messages which I discarded and a
couple which I posted, and I can't remember what was in which. So here's
the very latest attempt at the full history of the PJF:

I may be wrong, but I believe the name was my invention.  It was primarily
a joke inspired by the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.  A number of us were
fond of talking about how frustrating it is that bookstores, academics,
and readers have a tendency to divide stories into the categories of
fiction and literature, or story and art, or fun and serious work.  We like
the stuff that does both, like (everyone's favorite, especially Pamela
Dean's) Shakespeare, who includes fart jokes for the rich and powerful and
poetry for the people (and vice versa, of course).  We tended to think this
tendency to contentedly divide writing into two camps blossomed after
Joyce, whose work has a great deal for the educated reader, but can be
rather frustrating for the ignorant one.  Keep in mind that when I either
created or agreed to the title of PJF, I did that as someone who likes
Joyce's writing a great deal (I haven't tried FINNEGANS WAKE, and am in
no hurry to do so).  In retrospect, it might've been better to use James
than Joyce, or it might've been better to accept the label of
"post-modern," which describes our intentions as well as any label.  But
also keep in mind that this was never meant to be a serious movement; it
was an excuse for a few friends to get together and argue about books.  We
only succeeded in having one meeting at a bar, where we had fun but didn't
really talk about books much, and then it would've all been forgotten if
Steve hadn't decided to put "PJF" after his name on one of his books, just
as some of the PRB did when signing their paintings.  So it's an
accidentally serious group that's still primarily a joke."

----------------------------------------------------------------------

25. Is Megan Lindholm writing under a pseudonym?

Yes; she has recently been writing as Robin Hobb.  [Provided by Sharon
Kim Goetz (goetz@soda.csua.berkeley.edu)].

----------------------------------------------------------------------

26. Who is William Ashbless?

Who is William Ashbless?  Both Tim Powers (THE ANUBIS GATES) and James
Blaylock (THE DIGGING LEVIATHAN) have him in their books.  Is this the
same character?

William Ashbless was a penname that Powers and Blaylock used to publish
cowritten poetry in college.  When they both needed a name for a poet
character in their books, they independently used the same name.  After
this had been pointed out to them by their editor, they got together
and added details to make it look it was the same guy.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

27. Kilgore Trout

Kilgore Trout is a fictitious SF author that appears in several books
by Kurt Vonnegut.  VENUS ON THE HALF-SHELL by Kilgore Trout was written
by Philip Jose Farmer.

There are no other books by Kilgore Trout.  After Venus was published,
many people thought that Vonnegut had written it.  Vonnegut did not care
for this and refused Farmer permission to write any more.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

28. Pronunciation of Cherryh

C. J. Cherryh's original last name was Cherry.  The terminal H is
silent.  The H was added because her first editor thought that Cherry
sounded too much like a romance writer.  Her brother, artist David
Cherry, retains the original spelling.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

29. Stephen Jay Gould and Steven Gould

These are two different people.  Stephen Jay Gould is the well-known
Harvard paleontologist and author of several non-fiction books about
evolution.  Steven Gould is the author of JUMPER, WILDSIDE, and other
SF novels and stories.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

30. Sturgeon's Law

"Sturgeon's Law" is "Ninety percent of everything is crap."  It comes
from a quote by science fiction author Theodore Sturgeon, who once
said, "Sure, 90% of science fiction is crud.  That's because 90% of
everything is crud."  Scholars disagree on what word Sturgeon originally
used.  In its first appearance in print it was "crud," but someone present
remembers that in the speech it was "crap."

See http://glinda.lrsm.upenn.edu/~weeks/misc/faq.html for more details.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

31. What is the Thor Power Tools decision and how did it affect publishing?

Kevin O'Donnell has provided a very clear explanation, available at
http://www.sfwa.org/bulletin/articles/thor.htm.  (My quick summary is
that manufacturers (and publishers) could no longer use the fact that
some inventory would go unsold to calculate their taxable inventory.
According to at least one publisher, accountants figured out within a
couple of years how to compensate for that.  The damage to the backlist
is mostly due to rising warehouse, production, and distribution costs.)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

32. What is the best science fiction magazine to subscribe to?

The three most widely distributed [fiction] magazines are ANALOG,
ASIMOVS, and F&SF.  They concentrate (roughly speaking) on "hard SF",
character-driven SF/fantasy, and literary SF/fantasy.  Your best bet is
to try a couple of issues of each and see which you like.

There are also several other magazines not as visible.  SF AGE has a
mix of fiction and non-fiction articles on film, gaming, etc.  Someone
said that REALMS OF FANTASY  has the highest circulation of any SF
fiction magazine, but I have to confirm this.  INTERZONE focuses on
British science fiction (not surprising, as it comes from Britain).
ABORIGINAL is not, as you might think, Australian, but American.
AUREALIS and EIDOLON are Australian.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

33. How much do authors get in royalties?

Beginners sometimes get 6% on paperbacks, going up to 8% after a
certain threshold figure has been reached (often betweeen 100,000 and
150,000 copies sold).

Established writers, and beginners with tough agents, get 8% on
paperbacks, going up to 10% after the threshold has been reached.

On trade paperbacks, 7.5% is the standard starting place.

On hardcovers, most authors get 10% on the first X number of copies;
12.5% on the next Y number of copies, and 15% after that.  For
hardcovers the values of both X and Y are often 5,000 copies.

So, for a typical hardcover priced at US$23.95, the author will get
somewhere between $2.40 and $3.60 on the copy you buy, depending on how
many have already sold.  For a typical paperback priced at US$6.99,
the author will get 52.5 cents.

[Provided by Robert J Sawyer [sawyer@sfwriter.com].]

----------------------------------------------------------------------

34. Who said:

A. "He's a chimp! She's the Pope! They're cops!"

Michael Cassutt.

B. "The Golden Age of Science Fiction is 12."

Peter Graham.

C. "War God of Israel/The Thing with Three Souls"

Terry Carr, saying, "If Don Wollheim had published the Bible [as an Ace
Double], it would be ...."

D. "Science fiction should get out of the classroom and back in the gutter
where it belongs!"

Dena Benatan Brown

E. "Life is like a simile."

Terry Carr.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

35. Would the windmills in Kim Stanley Robinson's "Mars" books work?

Or more specifically, in Kim Stanley Robinson's "Mars" books, can the
windmills contribute anything to warming up the planet?

No.  Not even a very small amount as claimed later on in the
series.  According to RED MARS, the windmills convert one form of
energy into another--no conservation of energy violation occurs.  The
problem is that they are irrelevant to the process of this conversion,
which happens quite efficiently because of the Second Law of
Thermodynamics, windmills or no windmills. That's what the growth of
entropy is all about.  While the actual, secret purpose of the mills
was quite different, it is not credible that their official purpose
should not be exposed as a fraud almost immediately.

[Provided by Mike Arnautov [mla@mipmip.demon-co-antispam-uk].]

----------------------------------------------------------------------

36. What's the world's shortest science fiction story?

Traditionally, the answer has been Fredric Brown's "Knock": "The last
man on earth sat alone in a room.  There was a knock on the door...."
This appeared in the december 1948 issue of THRILLING WONDER STORIES.

But there is a reference in an article by Anthony Burgess that cited,
"That morning the sun rose in the west."  However, I suspect he just
composed that himself, and never published it as a separate story.
("Anthony Burgess on the Short Story," in Les Cahiers de la nouvelle
"Journal of the Short Story in English, janvier 1984, pp. 31-47.
Universite d'Angers,
http://buweb.univ-angers.fr/EXTRANET/AnthonyBURGESS/ShortStory.html.)

And Forry Ackerman claims he wrote the shortest one ever, titled
"Cosmic Report Card: Earth" consisting of the single letter "F".  (In
the United States, grading is by letter: A, B, C, D, and F.  Don't ask
me why E is skipped, though Jeremy Meyers suggests it is because it
would be too easy for students to alter an "F" to look like an "E".)
See http://www.jophan.org/mimosa/m16/16_p05.html for details; it
appeared in the June 1973 issue of VERTEX.)

[Provided by Evelyn Leeper [evelynleeper@geocities.com].
Updates/corrections welcome.]

----------------------------------------------------------------------

37. What are the books that come up again and again in rec.arts.sf.written?

Here are the high runners (numbers in brackets represent an estimate of the
number of mentions in rec.arts.sf.written in the last six months of 1999).

Iain M. Banks's "Culture" novels [4584]
Steven Brust's "Vlad Taltos" series [584]
Lois McMaster Bujold's "Miles Vorkosigan" stories (see #19A) [3275]
Orson Scott Card's "Ender" series [1918]
Robert A. Heinlein's novels and stories, especially STARSHIP TROOPERS [3203]
Robert Jordan's "Wheel of Time" [8172]
Ursula K. LeGuin's "Earthsea" books and THE DISPOSSESSED [1880]
Ken MacLeod's novels (see #12N) [1068]
Ayn Rand's ATLAS SHRUGGED [996]
Neal Stephenson's CRYPTONOMICON [2131]
J. R. R. Tolkien's HOBBIT and THE LORD OF THE RINGS [1016]
Vernor Vinge's "Singularity" and "Slow Zone" novels [1004]
David Weber's "Honor Harrington" novels [263]

[At this point--August 2000--I am adding J. K. Rowling's "Harry Potter"
books.  I haven't done a formal count, but my suspicion is that these
books will continue to generate discussion.]

----------------------------------------------------------------------

38. What are good SF books for children/young adults?

The best list I've found is at
http://www.lasfs.org/lasfs/what/projects/rrl/.  It includes science
fiction and fantasy.  The list itself has links to discounts, and the
site has a couple of articles explaining how it came about.

Note that it predates J. K. Rowling and the "Harry Potter" books, which
is what made me add this question, but I don't think most people need to
be told about them. :-)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

39. Spelling

Here are the correct spelling of some commonly misspelled names:
	Samuel R. Delany
	Gandhi
	Robert A. Heinlein
	Patrick Nielsen Hayden
	Teresa Nielsen Hayden
	Martin Luther King, Jr.
	Edgar Allan Poe
	J. R. R. Tolkien

----------------------------------------------------------------------

99. Science Fiction Archives

The SF-LOVERS archives are at:
	http://sflovers.rutgers.edu.
The Internet Speculative Fiction DataBase is at:
	http://www.sfsite.com/isfdb/sfdbase.html
The Science Fiction Resource Guide is at:
	http://sflovers.rutgers.edu/Web/SFRG/

For European readers, you may want to access the archives at the Lysator
Computer Club, Linkoping University, Sweden.  It's e-mail address is
ftp.lysator.liu.se (130.236.254.1).  The administrator is Mats Ohrman
(email: matoh@sssab.se).  The bibliographies are in directory
/pub/sf-texts.

====================================================================

(Contributions for addition to this FAQL gratefully appreciated.
Suggestions for things *I* should write to add to this FAQL are not so
gratefully appreciated.)

============================================================================
Copyright Notice

Information contained in this FAQ is compiled from many sources.  The
compiler accepts no responsibility for the comments contained herein.
The comments are provided "as is" with no warranty, express or implied,
for the information provided within them.

This FAQ is not to be reproduced for commercial use unless the party
reproducing the FAQ agrees to the following:
    
 1) They will contact the FAQ maintainer to obtain the latest version for
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 2) They will provide the FAQ maintainer with information on what collection
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 3) They will agree, in writing, that the FAQ will be included in the
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Information contained in the FAQ is compiled from many sources.  No
guarantees are made as to its accuracy.

To support this, this FAQ is Compilation Copyright 2001 by Evelyn C. Leeper
(the FAQ maintainer).

============================================================================
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-- 
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"We should be as passionately opposed to those who discriminate against
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