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alt.religion.scientology Users' Catechism [2 of 3]

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Archive-name: scientology/users/catechism/part2
Last-modified: 1995/2/7
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--------------< FAQ: Scientology Catechism [2 of 3] >----------------------

(Note: In the orginal text, italics were used to show emphasis or to
 indicate that a word is being defined. Italics denoting emphasis 
 are shown here with *asterisks* surrounding the word, and italicized
 words that were being defined, are shown here with 'single quotes'.
 My comments are in [square brackets].

 The book _What is Scientology?_, from which this file was taken, is 
 available in ASCII form via anonymous FTP from FTP.PCNET.COM out
 of the directory /users/brianw/wis).


==========================================================================
                    "A SCIENTOLOGY CATECHISM"
                         [File 2 of 3]
               Part Nine of _What is Scientology?_
Copyright (c) 1992, Church of Scientology International, All Rights
                 Reserved. Used with permission.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. ANSWERS TO COMMON QUESTIONS                   [Located in file 1 of 3]

   1.1  What does the word 'Scientology' mean?                 
   1.2  What is Scientology about?                             
   1.3  How did Scientology start?
   1.4  How come it's all based on one man's work?
   1.5  Why is Scientology called a religion?
   1.6  Why is Scientology a church?

2. WHAT SCIENTOLOGY DOES FOR THE INDIVIDUAL      [Located in file 1 of 3]

   2.1  How does Scientology work?
   2.2  What does Scientology accomplish?
   2.3  What claims are made for Scientology?
   2.4  How do people get into Scientology?

3. SCIENTOLOGY AND OTHER PRACTICES               [Located in file 1 of 3]

   3.1  Is Scientology like hypnotism, meditation, psychotherapy or
        other mental therapies?
   3.2  Is Scientology a secret society?
   3.3  In what way does Scientology differ from other religions 
        and religious philosophies?
   3.4  Does Scientology interfere with other religions?
   3.5  What does Scientology think of other religions?
   3.6  What does Scientology have to say about Christianity?

4. SCIENTOLOGY BELIEFS                          [Located in file 1 of 3]

   4.1  Is man a spirit?
   4.2  How does one know man is a spirit?
   4.3  What is the Scientology concept of God?
   4.4  Can't God be the only one to help man?
   4.5  Does Scientology believe in brotherly love?
   4.6  Why do Scientologists want to help people?
   4.7  Does Scientology recognize good and evil?
   4.8  Does Scientology believe man is sinful?
   4.9  Will Scientology put man in control of his mind?
   4.10  Is Scientology about the mind?
   4.11  Does Scientology believe in mind over matter?
   4.12  Does Scientology believe one can exist outside of the 
         body?
   4.13  Does Scientology believe in reincarnation or past lives?
   4.14  Does Scientology believe in charity and welfare?
   4.15  Does Scientology hold any political views?
   4.16  Can children participate in Scientology? How?
   4.17  What does Scientology say about the raising of children?
   4.18  Can one make up his own mind about Scientology?
   4.19  What is the Scientology cross?
   4.20  What religious holidays do Scientologists celebrate?

5. SCIENTOLOGY'S FOUNDER                         [Located in file 1 of 3]

   5.1  Is L. Ron Hubbard still alive?
   5.2  Who was L. Ron Hubbard?
   5.3  What was L. Ron Hubbard's role in the Church?
   5.4  Has L. Ron Hubbard's death affected the Church?
   5.5  How did L. Ron Hubbard rise above the reactive mind when
        others didn't?
   5.6  Did L. Ron Hubbard make a lot of money out of Scientology?
   5.7  Was L. Ron Hubbard a millionaire?
   5.8  How is it that one man could discover so much information?
   5.9  Do Scientologists believe that L. Ron Hubbard was Jesus 
        Christ?
   5.10  Did L. Ron Hubbard go Clear?

6. SCIENTOLOGY ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES            [Located in file 2 of 3]

   6.1  How do Scientologists view life?
   6.2  What moral codes do Scientologists live by?
   6.3  What is Scientology's view on drugs?
   6.4  Why are there so many young people on staff in Scientology?
   6.5  Do you have any special dietary laws or rules against 
        smoking or drinking in Scientology?
   6.6  Do Scientologists use medical doctors?
   6.7  In Scientology does one have to sacrifice one's 
        individuality?
   6.8  What benefits can one get from Scientology?
   6.9  What is Scientology's system of ethics?
   6.10  What does 'clear the planet' mean?
   6.11  What does 'suppressive person' mean?
   6.12  What is disconnection?
   6.13  Is Scientology a cult?
   6.14  Does Scientology engage in brainwashing or mind control?
   6.15  Does Scientology actively promote for new members?
   6.16  Does one really need Scientology to do well in life?
   6.17  Does one have to believe in Scientology?
   6.18  Why do Scientologists sometimes seem so intent on what 
         they are doing?
   6.19  What do the terms 'preclear', 'student' and 'auditor' 
         mean?
   6.20  What is the E-Meter(R) and how does it work?

7. THE ORGANIZATIONS OF SCIENTOLOGY              [Located in file 2 of 3]

   7.1  Scientology is a philosophy. Why does it need to be 
        organized?
   7.2  How many people work in a Scientology church?
   7.3  How is Scientology organized?
   7.4  Where are Scientology churches located?
   7.5  What does a Scientology church or mission actually do?
   7.6  What is the Office of Special Affairs?
   7.7  What is the Flag Service Organization?
   7.8  What is the Flag Ship Service Organization?
   7.9  What is the Sea Organization?
   7.10  Is it true that people in the Sea Org sign a billion-year
         contract?
   7.11  Why does Scientology have ministers? Are all 
         Scientologists ministers?
   7.12  What are field staff members?
   7.13  Why is everything copyrighted and trademarked in 
         Scientology?
  [7.14  Does the IRS recognize Church organizations as non-profit
         charitable organizations?]

8. CHURCH FUNDING                                 [Located in file 2 of 3]

   8.1  Why do Scientologists make donations?
   8.2  Why does one have to make donations to separate 
        organizations for their services?
   8.3  What about those who cannot afford to make donations for 
        services?
   8.4  Is the Church profit-making?
   8.5  How much does it cost to go Clear?
   8.6  How well paid are Scientology staff?
  [8.6  Are donations made to the Church of Scientology tax
        deductible in the United States?]

9. SCIENTOLOGY BOOKS                              [Located in file 2 of 3]

   9.1  What is the best book for a beginning Scientologist to 
        read?
   9.2  Are the books difficult to understand?
   9.3  Where can L. Ron Hubbard's books be purchased?
   9.4  What books should one read to get information about:
        9.4.1  Dianetics?
        9.4.2  Basic Scientology principles?
        9.4.3  Self-help, tests, and processes?
        9.4.4  Handling the residual effects of drugs and toxins?
        9.4.5  Basic principles of communication?
        9.4.6  Predicting human behavior and understanding people?
        9.4.7  How to increase success on the job?
        9.4.8  Basic principles of organization?
        9.4.9  Basic principles of management?
        9.4.10  The principles of ethics and how to use them to 
                live a more productive life?
        9.4.11  Study methods?
        9.4.12  Procedures to increase one's spiritual awareness 
                and abilities?
        9.4.13  Past lives and how they relate to this life?
        9.4.14  The application of basic Scientology technology to 
                help others improve their lives?
   9.5  How can one get happiness out of a book?

10. DIANETICS                                      [Located in file 2 of 3]

   10.1  What is Dianetics?
   10.2  What is the mind? Where is the mind?
   10.3  What is the difference between the analytical mind and the
         reactive mind?
   10.4  What is the difference between Scientology and Dianetics?

11. SCIENTOLOGY AND DIANETICS COURSES              [Located in file 3 of 3]

   11.1  What training should a person take first?
   11.2  What does one get out of Scientology and Dianetics 
         courses?
   11.3  How are Scientology and Dianetics training different from
         studying philosophy or other religions?
   11.4  Should I get my auditing before I get trained?
   11.5  When can I take Scientology courses?
   11.6  How are Scientology courses run?
   11.7  When do I actually gain experience in auditing others?
   11.8  When can I take the Minister's Course?
   11.9  How long do courses take?
   11.10  Are Scientology Course Supervisors university trained?

12. SCIENTOLOGY AND DIANETICS AUDITING            [Located in file 3 of 3]

   12.1  What is the difference between the auditing and training
         routes in Scientology?
   12.2  Do all the people on staff in Scientology receive auditing
         as well as training?
   12.3  Why does one have to wait six weeks for auditing if one 
         has been habitually using drugs?
   12.4  Will antibiotics prevent me from getting auditing?
   12.5  Is it okay to take any sort of drugs when you are in 
         Scientology?
   12.6  How many hours of auditing a day to people receive?
   12.7  Has the technology of auditing changed since the early 
         days of Scientology?
   12.8  What will I get out of auditing?
   12.9  Does auditing really work in all cases?
   12.10  What auditing handles physical pains or discomforts?
   12.11  What can auditing cure?
   12.12  Can one go exterior (be separate from the body) in 
          auditing?

13. THE STATE OF CLEAR                            [Located in file 3 of 3]

   13.1  What is Clear?
   13.2  How does one go Clear?
   13.3  How long does it take to go Clear?
   13.4  If one goes Clear, will he lose his emotions?
   13.5  What can you do when you are Clear?
   13.6  Are Clears perfect?
   13.7  Do Clears eat food and sleep?
   13.8  Do Clears get colds and get sick?
   13.9  If Clears no longer have a reactive mind, why do they 
         still need to get auditing?

14. THE STATE OF OPERATING THETAN               [Located in file 3 of 3]

   14.1  What is meant by Operating Thetan (OT)?
   14.2  How would you describe the state of Operating Thetan?
   14.3  Why are the OT materials confidential?

15. A SCIENTOLOGY CAREER                        [Located in file 3 of 3]

   15.1  Can one audit as a career?
   15.2  Of what value would it be to have my child trained as an 
         auditor?
   15.3  Can one make Scientology a career in some other way than 
         by being a minister?

16. SCIENTOLOGY IN SOCIETY                      [Located in file 3 of 3]

   16.1  I've heard that Scientologists are doing good things for 
         society. What are some specific examples?
   16.2  Is Scientology active in Black communities and countries?
   16.3  Do doctors, schools, social workers, businessmen and other
         professional people use Scientology?
   16.4  Why has Scientology sometimes been considered 
         controversial?
   16.5  Why has Scientology been to court a lot of times?
   16.6  Are there any laws against the practice of Scientology? 
         Has it been banned?
   16.7  How does Scientology view deprogrammers and groups that 
         attempt to force people to denounce their chosen religion?
   16.8  Why is Scientology opposed to psychiatry?
   16.9  Why do some people oppose Scientology?
   16.10  Is Scientology trying to rule the world?
   16.11  Can Scientology do anything to improve the world 
          situation?

---------

6. SCIENTOLOGY ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES

   6.1  How do Scientologists view life?

          As a game -- a game in which everyone can win.
          Scientologists are optimistic about life and believe
          there is hope for a saner world and better civilization
          and are actively doing all they can to achieve this.

   6.2  What moral codes do Scientologists live by?

          There are four main codes that Scientologists apply in
          life. One is the Auditor's Code which gives the basic
          rules an auditor must abide by to ensure excellent
          auditing results. 

          Another is the Code of a Scientologist, guidelines which
          Scientologists agree to follow in order to achieve the
          aims of Scientology. 

          There is an ethical code, called the Code of Honor, that
          Scientologists use in dealing with their fellow men. 

          L. Ron Hubbard has also written a nonreligious moral code
          called "The Way to Happiness" which gives basic precepts
          for a happy life. This moral code is used by
          Scientologists and non-Scientologists alike, with tens of
          millions of copies distributed in communities all around
          the world.

   6.3  What is Scientology's view on drugs?

          Scientologists consider that drugs cause damaging effects
          on a person -- physically, mentally and spiritually. They
          decrease awareness and hinder abilities. They are a
          "solution" to some other problem, which themselves become
          a problem. 

          Scientologists do not take street drugs or mind-altering
          psychiatric drugs. 

          Scientologists do use prescribed drugs as part of medical
          programs from competent physicians, but have found that
          as a result of auditing, they need to take medical drugs
          much less frequently and also that medications such as
          antibiotics seem to work more rapidly when being audited.

          For more information about drugs and what can be done
          about them, the book _Clear Body, Clear Mind: The
          Effective Purification Program_ is recommended.

   6.4  Why are there so many young people on staff in Scientology?

          Many Scientologists are under thirty-five. We find that
          young Scientologists enjoy the lifestyle working in the
          Church. It may be that due to the expansion of
          Scientology they find that there are many opportunities
          to achieve responsible positions quite rapidly. Many
          families have three generations working in Scientology.
          There are also a great many older people in Scientology.

   6.5  Do you have any special dietary laws or rules against 
        smoking or drinking in Scientology?

          No. There are no dietary laws whatsoever and no general
          prohibitions against smoking or drinking. The only
          guidelines in Scientology are that no alcohol is allowed
          twenty-four hours prior to or during auditing sessions,
          and that no drinking is allowed twenty-four hours prior
          to or during study. The effects of the alcohol would make
          it impossible to get the gains one can get from auditing
          and training. 

          Smoking is forbidden in course rooms or during auditing
          sessions, as such would distract oneself and others.
          Rules for student behavior are laid out in a Church
          policy called the "Student's Guide to Acceptable
          Behavior."

   6.6  Do Scientologists use medical doctors?

          Yes. The Church of Scientology has always had the firm
          policy of sending sick parishioners to medical doctors to
          handle the physical aspect of any illness or injury. A
          Scientologist with a physical condition is instructed to
          get the needed medical examination and treatment. He then
          resumes his auditing so as to handle any spiritual trauma
          connected with the physical condition. There are also
          many medical doctors who are Scientologists.

   6.7  In Scientology does one have to sacrifice one's 
        individuality?

          No. People are unique, even though they have in common
          certain problems and aberrations. As they become
          disentangled from the stimulus-response part of their
          mind, they become more them- selves, more unique, more
          individual and learn to believe in themselves. In fact,
          becoming more aware of and able to express one's own
          unique beingness is encouraged in Scientology.
          Scientology teaches one to maintain his personal
          integrity and to develop fully as an individual.

   6.8  What benefits can one get from Scientology?

          In reviewing success stories written by Scientologists,
          there are a few common themes that stand out. One is that
          many people have attained the ability to communicate in
          relationships, whether with family members and spouses,
          friends, or even mere acquaintances; another is that they
          are freed from stress at work and in other areas of their
          lives; another common one is that they can expand their
          potential and do things they never thought possible.

   6.9  What is Scientology's system of ethics?

          L. Ron Hubbard has defined 'ethics' as "reason and the
          contemplation of optimum survival." 

          In Scientology, ethics is a rational system based on a
          number of codes of practice.

          L. Ron Hubbard has pointed out: "Dishonest conduct is
          nonsurvival. Anything is unreasonable or evil which
          brings about the destruction of individuals, groups, or
          inhibits the future of the race." 

          Man has long postulated a means by which he could put
          himself on the right path. As long ago as 500 B.C.,
          religions recognized that confession frees a person
          spiritually from the burden of sin. 

          In Scientology, it has been found that a Confessional (a
          type of auditing) assists the person who has transgressed
          against his own and his group's moral code to unburden
          himself and again feel good about himself and be a
          contributing member of the group. 

          L. Ron Hubbard has written: "No man who is not himself
          honest can be free -- he is his own trap. When his own
          deeds cannot be disclosed, then he is a prisoner; he must
          withhold himself from his fellows and is a slave to his
          own conscience." 

          In addition to the Confessional, Scientology's ethics
          system includes a body of technology called conditions
          formulas. Mr. Hubbard discovered that there are various
          states of existence in which an individual operates
          (called "conditions") and that there are exact formulas
          connected with these operating states. Each formula has
          a number of exact steps. 

          A person can determine what condition or operating state
          any area of his life is in and apply the conditions
          formulas to move it into a higher condition. 

          While very simple, such actions are quite powerful and
          have enabled millions of individuals to improve
          conditions in their lives in ways they never thought
          possible. 

          These are just two of the tools from the wealth of ethics
          technology that exists in Scientology. Complete
          information on this subject is contained in the book
          _Introduction to Scientology Ethics_ by L. Ron Hubbard.

   6.10  What does "clear the planet" mean?

          It means that Scientologists want to clear the planet of
          insanity, war and crime, and in its place create a
          civilization in which sanity and peace exist. In order to
          do this, they must help individuals become clear of their
          own individual insanities and regain awareness that they
          are basically good.

   6.11  What does "suppressive person" mean?

          According to L. Ron Hubbard, a suppressive person is "a
          person who seeks to 'suppress', or squash, any betterment
          activity or group. A suppressive person suppresses other
          people in his vicinity. This is the person whose behavior
          is calculated to be disastrous." Well-known examples of
          such a personality are Napoleon and Hitler. 

          Mr. Hubbard found that a suppressive person, also called
          an antisocial personality, has definite antisocial
          attributes.

          The basic reason the antisocial personality behaves as he
          or she does lies in a hidden terror of others. 

          To such a person every other being is an enemy, an enemy
          to be covertly or overtly destroyed. 

          The fixation is that survival itself depends on "keeping
          others down" or "keeping people ignorant." 

          If anyone were to promise to make others stronger or
          brighter, the antisocial personality suffers the utmost
          agony of personal danger. 

          Because of this, the suppressive person seeks to upset,
          continuously undermine, spread bad news about and
          denigrate Scientology and Scientologists. The antisocial
          personality is against what Scientology is about --
          helping people become more able and improving conditions
          in society. 

          For the good of the Church and the individuals in it,
          such a person is officially labeled a suppressive person
          so that others will know not to associate with him. 

          For more understanding of suppressive persons and how to
          handle them, the book _Introduction to Scientology
          Ethics_ is recommended.

   6.12  What is disconnection?

          A Scientologist can have trouble making spiritual
          progress in his auditing or training if he is connected
          to someone who is suppressive or who is antagonistic to
          Scientology or its tenets. He will get better from
          Scientology, but then may lose his gains because he is
          being invalidated by the antagonistic person. In order to
          resolve this, he either handles the other person's
          antagonism with true data about the Church, or as a last
          resort when all attempts to handle have failed, he
          disconnects from the person. 

          In 1983, L. Ron Hubbard clearly defined the two terms,
          "disconnect" and "handle," as related to this subject:

          "The term 'handle' most commonly means to smooth out a
          situation with another person by applying the technology
          of communication. 

          "The term 'disconnection' is defined as a self-determined
          decision made by an individual that he is not going to be
          connected to another. It is a severing of a communication
          line. 

          "The basic principle of handle or disconnect exists in
          any group and ours is no different. 

          "It is much like trying to deal with a criminal. If he
          will not handle, the society resorts to the only other
          solution: It `disconnects' the criminal from the society.
          In other words, they remove the guy from society and put
          him in a prison because he won't 'handle' his problem or
          otherwise cease to commit criminal acts against others."

          A person who disconnects is simply exercising his right
          to communicate or not to communicate with a particular
          person. This is one of the most fundamental rights of
          man. "Communication, however, is a two-way flow," Mr.
          Hubbard pointed out. "If one has the right to
          communicate, then one must also have the right to not
          receive communication from another. It is this latter
          corollary of the right to communicate that gives us our
          right to privacy." 

          Another example is marriage. In a monogamous society, the
          agreement is that one will be married to only one person
          at a time. If one partner, say the husband, starts to
          have second dynamic relations with a person other than
          his partner, the wife has the right to insist either that
          this communication cease or that the marriage itself
          ends. In this example, the optimum solution would be for
          the wife to resolve the situation through communication
          so that her husband, who is violating the agreements, is
          handled. But if this is not possible, then the wife has
          no choice other than to disconnect (sever the marriage
          communication lines if only by separation). To do
          otherwise will only bring disaster, as the wife is
          connected to someone antagonistic to the original
          agreements on which the marriage is based. With the
          technology of handle or disconnect, Scientologists are,
          in actual fact, doing nothing different than any society,
          group or marriage down through thousands of years. 

   6.13  Is Scientology a cult?

          Assuming that modern usage of the word 'cult' implies an
          elite secrecy and unthinking zealotry, then consider
          this: Scientology is the fastest growing religion in the
          world today. The materials that comprise Scientology
          scriptures are fully codified, broadly published and
          available to anyone. Churches and missions are open to
          the public seven days a week. Anyone can come in for a
          tour and see for himself what the Church is all about. 

          Scientology is unique in that it contains no dogma and
          its adherents are not told or forced to "believe"
          anything. In Scientology, what is true for the individual
          is only what he has observed and knows is true for him.
          Scientology is a technology one can use and through its
          use discover its workability for oneself.

          Scientologists come from all walks of life, ranging from
          teachers to businessmen, physicians, housewives, artists,
          engineers, nurses, construction workers, celebrities,
          marketing and administrative personnel, secretaries,
          athletes, civil servants and many others. 

          The Church and its actions are far from secretive; there
          is nothing mystical about Scientology or its members or
          practices. The Church's leaders are in close touch with
          the membership; they hold a number of briefing events
          each year which are attended by tens of thousands. 

          Scientologists actively improve their communities; they
          are out there, involved, visible and effective. 

          The fact of the matter is there isn't a religion today
          that hasn't been called a cult at some point in its
          history by antagonistic interests. Nazis thought Jews and
          Eastern European religious sects to be cults. In the
          sixteenth century Catholics considered reform churches
          cults. Earlier than that Roman rulers considered the
          Christian community a cult. History has taught us to
          beware of those who would label *any* religious group a
          cult. It is traditionally the first step before wholesale
          persecution, and is always the statement of an
          unenlightened and uninformed individual, usually with ill
          motives as the Nazi history makes so clear.

   6.14  Does Scientology engage in brainwashing or mind control?

          No. In fact, what we do is exactly the opposite. We free
          people and enable them to think for themselves.

          Millions of Church members from literally all walks of
          life have attested to the positive benefits received from
          Scientology. A common theme to their personal success
          stories is that they are now more in control of their
          lives than they ever have been. 

          In fact, Mr. Hubbard was one of the first to discover and
          expose *actual* mind control and brainwashing
          experimentation conducted by United States military and
          intelligence agencies during and after World War II. He
          called these techniques "pain-drug-hypnosis" or PDH.

          In his 1951 book, _Science of Survival_, Mr. Hubbard
          wrote: "There is another form of hypnotism . . . This
          form of hypnotism has been a carefully guarded secret of
          certain military and intelligence organizations. It is a
          vicious war weapon and may be of considerably more use in
          conquering a society than the atomic bomb. This is no
          exaggeration. The extensiveness of the use of this form
          of hypnotism in espionage work is so wide today that it
          is long past the time when people should have become
          alarmed about it. It required Dianetic processing to
          uncover pain-drug-hypnosis. Otherwise, pain-drug-hypnosis
          was out of sight, unsuspected and unknown."

          Not only did he uncover such blatantly destructive
          experimentation, but the technology he developed,
          Dianetics, could *undo* the effects of PDH and free a
          person from the grip of mind control. 

          Years after Mr. Hubbard learned about these government-
          sponsored psychiatric mind control experiments, documents
          released under the Freedom of Information Act detailed
          the extent to which these techniques were being used.
          Over the years, the Church of Scientology has exposed
          numerous instances of brain-washing or mind control
          practices, such as those involved in so-called
          "deprogramming." In this case, individuals are taken
          captive and forced to renounce their chosen religious or
          political group, generally using some form of coercion,
          food or sleep deprivation and sometimes drugs.

          Such practices are diametrically opposed to the aims of
          Scientology, which are to free man and return to him his
          ability to control his own life. 

   6.15  Does Scientology actively promote for new members?

          Yes. Scientologists make the technology broadly available
          to others because they want others to receive the same
          gains they have experienced. The Church wants more people
          to know and apply the works of L. Ron Hubbard and
          actively and vigorously promotes this. 

   6.16  Does one really need Scientology to do well in life?

          That is a question you will have to answer for yourself.
          A Scientologist's viewpoint is that while some people
          might be surviving quite well without Scientology, they
          can always do better and expand their potentials even
          further. In fact, Scientology was developed to help the
          able become more able and one usually finds the people
          doing best in life are the first ones to embrace
          Scientology. 

          If you are interested in self-improvement, Scientology
          provides a tested route by which you can obtain
          tremendous benefits and learn to use your mind, talents
          and abilities to the fullest. If you know people who are
          doing well but have never heard of Scientology, the
          question is: "Could they be doing better?" 

   6.17  Does one have to believe in Scientology?

          No. One is not expected to believe in Scientology. One is
          only expected to study and apply the data and see for
          himself if it works for him. To quote L. Ron Hubbard,
          "Anything that isn't true for you when you study it
          carefully isn't true."

   6.18  Why do Scientologists sometimes seem so intent on what 
         they are doing?

          If you had a chance to change yourself and civilization
          so greatly, you would be interested as well.

   6.19  What do the terms 'preclear', 'student' and 'auditor' 
         mean?

          A 'preclear' is someone who is receiving Scientology or
          Dianetics auditing on his way to becoming Clear. Through
          auditing he is finding out more about himself and life. 

          A 'student' is one who reads in detail in order to learn
          and then apply the materials he has studied. One studies
          Scientology for itself and uses it exactly as stated,
          then forms his own conclusions as to whether or not the
          tenets he has assimilated are correct and workable.

          An 'auditor' is a Dianetics or Scientology practitioner
          trained in the technology of auditing. 'Auditor' means
          "one who listens" (from the Latin word 'audire'). An
          auditor listens and computes, applying standard
          technology to preclears to help them achieve the
          abilities as stated on the Classification, Gradation and
          Awareness Chart. An auditor's job is to ask the preclear
          to look, and get him to do so.

   6.20  What is the E-Meter and how does it work?

          E-Meter is a shortened term for 'electropsychometer'. It
          is a religious artifact used as a spiritual guide in
          auditing. It is for use only by a Scientology minister or
          a Scientology minister-in-training to help the preclear
          locate and confront areas of spiritual upset. 

          In itself, the E-Meter does nothing. It is an electronic
          instrument that measures mental state and change of state
          in individuals and assists the precision and speed of
          auditing. The E-Meter is not intended or effective for
          the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of any disease. 

          The book  _Understanding the E-Meter_ offers a simple
          explanation of how the E-Meter works and what it actually
          measures. In order to understand what the E-Meter does,
          it is necessary to understand some basic Scientology
          concepts. 

          There are three basic parts of man -- mind, body and
          thetan. The thetan is an immortal spiritual being -- the
          individual himself. He (the thetan) inhabits a body,
          which is a carbon-oxygen machine. He has a mind, which is
          a collection of mental image pictures he has created. 

          These pictures have weight and mass and can impinge on
          the person when he is emotionally upset. 

          This is what makes the E-Meter read -- the impingement of
          such pictures against the body. 

          The E-Meter puts a very small electrical current
          (approximately one and a half volts) through the body.
          This is about the same amount of current as in the
          average battery-powered wristwatch. 

          When a person thinks a thought, looks at a picture, re-
          experiences an incident or when he shifts some part of
          the pictures in his mind, he is moving and changing
          actual mental mass and energy. These changes in the
          person's mind affect the tiny flow of electrical energy
          generated by the E-Meter, which causes the needle on its
          dial to move. 

          The E-Meter thus measures changes that are caused by the
          spiritual being in his own mind (i.e., the movement of
          mental masses around him) and in this capacity, it is a
          religious artifact. 

          The E-Meter is used to help the individual who is being
          audited uncover truth. By locating areas of mental or
          spiritual trauma, the E-Meter helps both the auditor and
          the preclear locate exactly what to address in auditing. 


7. THE ORGANIZATIONS OF SCIENTOLOGY

   7.1  Scientology is a philosophy. Why does it need to be 
        organized?

          Scientology is an *applied* religious philosophy.
          Therefore organization is needed to make the technology
          available and teach people to apply it.

   7.2  How many people work in a Scientology church?

          The number of staff varies from church to church. Small
          churches may have 20 and large ones over 500.

   7.3  How is Scientology organized?

          There is a "mother church" which is the Church of
          Scientology International. It is headquartered in Los
          Angeles. It is responsible for the ecclesiastical
          supervision of the rest of the Scientology churches
          around the world, which are organized in a hierarchical
          structure not dissimilar to that of the Catholic Church.
          (For more information about the structure of the Church,
          see Part 5 [of _What is Scientology?_].)

   7.4  Where are Scientology churches located?

          Scientology churches and missions exist all over the
          world. There are a great many churches and far more
          missions in various countries.

   7.5  What does a Scientology church or mission actually do?

          The main activities of Scientology churches and missions
          are training Scientology ministers and providing
          auditing. The church also conducts Sunday services,
          weddings, funerals and christenings and delivers other
          chaplain services. The church helps the individual become
          more able to help himself and to help others.This is done
          by training and auditing. 

   7.6  What is the Office of Special Affairs?

          The Office of Special Affairs (OSA) deals with legal
          affairs for the Church. It also publishes the facts about
          the social betterment works of Scientology, informing the
          government, the media, other religions and other groups
          with interests similar to those of the Church. OSA also
          oversees the social reform programs of the Church, among
          which are those that expose and effectively handle
          violations of individual and human rights. 

   7.7  What is the Flag Service Organization?

          The Flag Service Organization (FSO), often referred to as
          "Flag," is located in Clearwater, Florida [USA]. It
          delivers advanced spiritual training and auditing. It
          retains its name from the days when it used to operate
          from the flagship 'Apollo', ("Flag" in nautical terms
          means "the flagship" or the vessel which gives orders to
          others.) 

   7.8  What is the Flag Ship Service Organization?

          The Flag Ship Service Organization is located aboard the
          450-foot ship called the 'Freewinds', and is an advanced
          religious retreat that delivers the level of auditing
          called New OT VIII and specialized training to
          Scientologists. 

   7.9  What is the Sea Organization?

          The Sea Organization (commonly referred to as the Sea
          Org) is a confraternal organization existing within the
          formalized structure of the Church. It is composed of the
          most dedicated Scientology staff who have decided to
          devote their lives to the delivery and expansion of
          Scientology. 

          The Sea Organization has no separate corporate structure
          or identity and its members work for various different
          churches of Scientology and are subject, as are all other
          employees of that church, to the orders and directions of
          the board of directors.

          The Sea Org was established in 1967 and once operated
          from a number of ships. It was set up to help L. Ron
          Hubbard with research of earlier civilizations and to
          carry out supervision of Church organizations around the
          world to keep Scientology expanding. It is also entrusted
          to deliver the advanced services of Scientology. 

          The Sea Organization retains its name in celebration of
          the fact that the Founder's life was majorly connected
          with the sea. It exists to help keep Scientology working.

   7.10  Is it true that people in the Sea Org sign a billion-year 
         contract?

          Yes, they do. It is a symbolic document which, similar to
          vows of dedication in other faiths and orders, serves to
          signify an individual's eternal commitment to the goals,
          purposes and principles of the Scientology religion. Sea
          Org members have dedicated their lives to working toward
          these ends and toward a world without war, drugs, crime
          and illiteracy.

   7.11  Why does Scientology have ministers? Are all 
         Scientologists ministers?

          The Church of Scientology has ministers to deliver
          Scientology religious services to church parishioners.
          Only those who specifically enroll in and graduate from
          the Scientology Minister's Course and its prerequisites,
          and fulfill the requirements for ordination are
          Scientology ministers. All Scientology auditors are
          required to become ordained ministers; however, they are
          allowed to audit as ministerial students while fulfilling
          their ordination requirements. 

   7.12  What are field staff members?

          Field staff members are individual Scientologists who
          disseminate Scientology, provide books to interested
          friends, family members and associates and introduce (or
          select) people to the Church. They are appointed by their
          nearest Scientology organization. Because they have had
          gains from Dianetics and Scientology themselves, they
          naturally want to share it with others.

   7.13  Why is everything copyrighted and trademarked in 
         Scientology? 

          Scientology and Dianetics are technologies that work if
          applied exactly. If they are altered, the results will
          not be uniform. 

          For this reason, the technology is copyrighted and the
          words and symbols which represent the technology are
          trademarked. This way, nobody can misrepresent something
          as standard Scientology or Dianetics that really isn't. 

          In fact many persons have tried to rip off and profit
          from the technologies of Dianetics and Scientology. The
          subjects were developed for spiritual salvation, not for
          anyone's personal enrichment. Through ownership of the
          trademarks and copyrights, such ill-intentioned actions
          are prevented by the Church.

  [7.14  Does the IRS recognize Church organizations as non-profit
         charitable organizations?]

          [Yes, in the Fall of 1993, upon finishing an extensive in-
           vestigation of the Church's organizations and their fi-
           nances, the IRS ruled that the Church of Scientology and
           its organizations were non-profit charitable organizations
           and therefore eligible for tax exempt status in the United
           States.]


8. CHURCH FUNDING

   8.1  Why do Scientologists make donations?

          Some churches have a system of tithes, others require
          their members to pay for pew rentals, religious
          ceremonies and services. In the Church of Scientology,
          parishioners make donations for auditing or training they
          wish to take. These contributions by Scientologists are
          the primary source of financial support for the Church
          and fund all the community programs and social betterment
          activities of Scientology. Scientologists are not
          required to tithe or make other donations. 

          Ideally, Dianetics and Scientology services would be
          free, and all Scientologists wish they were. But those
          are not the realities of life. When one considers the
          cost of delivering even one hour of auditing, requiring
          extensively trained specialists, and the overhead costs
          of maintaining church premises, the necessity of
          donations becomes clear. 

          The donation system in Scientology is the most equitable
          as those who use the facilities of the Church are the
          ones who most directly contribute to its upkeep and
          continued existence. Naturally, no donation is expected
          from those not receiving auditing or training. And church
          doors are always open to those who wish to learn more
          about the philosophy of Scientology, be they parishioners
          or not. There are tape plays of L. Ron Hubbard's
          lectures, introductory lectures, books available, people
          to discuss questions with, and of course the more
          traditional church activities -- Sunday service, sermons,
          weddings, christenings, funerals -- all of which are
          provided without any donation necessary. 

          Scientology does not have hundreds of years of
          accumulated wealth and property like other religions --
          it must make its way in the world according to the
          economics of today's society.

          Scientologists' donations keep the Church alive and
          functioning, fund its widespread social reform programs,
          make Scientology known to people who may otherwise never
          have the opportunity to avail themselves of it, and help
          create a safe and pleasant environment for everyone.

   8.2  Why does one have to make donations to separate 
        organizations for their services?

          Scientology churches and missions are separate
          corporations and have separate financial records. The
          donations that go to each church for services delivered
          by that church must be separately banked and accurate
          records kept in alignment with the accounting procedures
          and laws in each country.

   8.3  What about those who cannot afford to make donations for 
        services?

          There is a Free Scientology Center in churches of
          Scientology where those who cannot afford the donations
          can receive free auditing from ministerial students. 

          Many Scientology services are free and the knowledge is
          free to all men. There are also books, books, books and
          free public lectures, Sunday services and other religious
          services for which there is no cost. Books can be
          obtained in the local area either by going to a church of
          Scientology, a public bookstore or local library. 

          But it's interesting that once a person becomes more
          causative through the application of Scientology
          technology in his life, he does not usually need or want
          free services for very long. He becomes capable of
          holding a good job and thereby able to exchange for the
          services he wants. 

          Ministers-in-training can receive free auditing from
          other students while they are doing their training.

   8.4  Is the Church profit-making? 

          No. Scientology churches are nonprofit organizations, as
          the donations all go back into the support and expansion
          of the Church.

   8.5  How much does it cost to go Clear?

          The cost varies from individual to individual depending
          on which route to Clear one takes. 

          One route is to pay for professional auditing and get
          audited all the way up to Clear. The preferred route,
          however, is to get trained as an auditor and co-audit
          with another Scientology student. The co-auditing route
          to Clear requires far less donations than professional
          auditing plus one helps another to progress. As
          professional auditing is much more expensive for the
          organization to deliver (requiring several staff to
          service one parishioner) the donations are necessarily
          higher. Training donation rates are much more economical
          and an incentive for persons to train while they co-audit
          without cost to the state of Clear.

          No matter which route one chooses to achieve the state of
          Clear, all who have attained it express the pricelessness
          of the increased spiritual freedom they have achieved.

   8.6  How well paid are Scientology staff?

          The pay varies from church to church and from time to
          time. Staff are paid in proportion to the amount of
          donations received by their individual organizations.
          Thus, staff members are in control of how much they make
          by virtue of how well they perform individually on their
          own jobs. 

          In any event, Scientology staff aren't motivated by money
          and in no instance anywhere in the church structure is
          pay exorbitant. Scientology staff are motivated by a
          desire to help, not get rich.

  [8.6  Are donations made to the Church of Scientology tax
        deductible in the United States?]

          [Yes, according to a 1993 decision by the IRS, donations 
          of any kind made to the Church of Scientology (including
          auditing and training donations), are tax deductible in
          the United States.]


9. SCIENTOLOGY BOOKS

   9.1  What is the best book for a beginning Scientologist to 
        read?

          _Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health_ which is
          the best-selling self-help book of all time, is the book
          recommended for beginners who are interested in the mind
          and how it works. This book has been a best-seller for
          over forty years. 

          In 1977, 'Publishers Weekly' called _Dianetics: The
          Modern Science of Mental Health_ "perhaps the
          best-selling non-Christian book of all time in the West."
          In 1988, 'Publishers Weekly' awarded _Dianetics_ its
          prestigious "Century Award" for more than 100 weeks on
          its best-seller list, officially designating it the No.
          1 best-selling self-help book of all time.

          If a person is more interested in starting with a broad
          summary of L. Ron Hubbard's research and findings about
          man as a spiritual being and basic principles of life,
          the first recommended book is _Scientology: The
          Fundamentals of Thought_. (Chapter 41 [of _What is
          Scientology?_] gives a more detailed explanation of the
          books available and suggested course of reading.)

   9.2  Are the books difficult to understand?

          Not at all. The books are quite easy to understand.
          Depending on what aspect of Scientology and Dianetics you
          are most interested in, any church Bookstore Officer can
          recommend the best sequence in which the books should be
          read.

   9.3  Where can L. Ron Hubbard's books be purchased?

          All of his books are available at missions and churches
          of Scientology. Many of his books are also available in
          popular bookstores and in libraries in cities all over
          the world.

   9.4  What books should one read to get information about:

        9.4.1  Dianetics:
 
               'The Basic Dianetics Picture Book'
               _Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health_
               _The Dynamics of Life_
               _Dianetics: The Evolution of a Science_
               _Child Dianetics_

        9.4.2  Basic Scientology principles: 

               'The Basic Scientology Picture Book'
               _Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought_
               _A New Slant on Life_  [Note: Most of the chapters
                 in this book are available via anonymous FTP 
                 from:  ftp.pcnet.com /users/brianw/lrh_essays ]
               _Scientology 0-8: The Book of Basics_

        9.4.3  Self-help, tests and processes: 

               _Self Analysis_

        9.4.4  Handling the residual effects of drugs and toxins:

               'Purification: An Illustrated Answer to Drugs'
               _Clear Body, Clear Mind: The Effective Purification
               Program_

        9.4.5  Basic principles of communication: 

               _Dianetics 55!_

        9.4.6  Predicting human behavior and understanding people:

               _Science of Survival_

        9.4.7  How to increase success on the job: 

               _The Problems of Work_
               _How to Live Though an Executive_

        9.4.8  Basic principles of organization: 

               _The Organization Executive Course_ volumes 0-7

        9.4.9  Basic principles of management: 

               _Management Series_ volumes 1, 2 and 3

        9.4.10 The principles of ethics and how to use them to live
               a more productive life: 

               _Introduction to Scientology Ethics_

        9.4.11 Study methods: 

               _Basic Study Manual_
               _Learning How to Learn_
               _Study Skills for Life_
               _How to Use a Dictionary Picture Book for Children_

        9.4.12 Procedures to increase one's spiritual awareness and
               abilities:
 
               _The Creation of Human Ability_
               _Advanced Procedure and Axioms_
               _Scientology 8-8008_
               _Scientology 8-80_

        9.4.13 Past lives and how they relate to this life: 

               _Have You Lived Before This Life?_
               _A History of Man_

        9.4.14 The application of basic Scientology technology to
               help others improve their lives: 

               _The Volunteer Minister's Handbook_

          These books were all written by L. Ron Hubbard or
          compiled from his works, and are just a few of the dozens
          and dozens of Scientology and Dianetics books available
          at churches of Scientology.

   9.5  How can one get happiness out of a book?

          The key to happiness is knowledge. Scientology and
          Dianetics books contain knowledge one can actually apply
          in life. Being able to accomplish these improvements
          definitely makes people happier.

        [Note: Most of the chapters of _What is Scientology?_ are
         available via anonymous FTP from FTP.PCNET.COM /users/brianw/wis ]


10. DIANETICS

   10.1  What is Dianetics?

          L. Ron Hubbard discovered the single source of stress,
          worry, self-doubt and psychosomatic illness -- the
          reactive mind. In his book _Dianetics: The Modern Science
          of Mental Health_ he described the reactive mind in
          detail and laid out a simple, practical, easily taught
          technology to overcome it and reach the state of Clear.
          Dianetics (which means "through soul") is that
          technology.

   10.2  What is the mind? Where is the mind?

          The mind is basically a communication and control system
          between the thetan -- the spiritual being that is the
          person himself -- and his environment. It is composed of
          mental image pictures which are recordings of past
          experiences. 

          The individual uses his mind to pose and resolve problems
          related to survival and to direct his efforts according
          to these solutions.

   10.3  What is the difference between the analytical mind and the 
         reactive mind? 

          The analytical mind is the conscious, aware mind which
          thinks, observes data, remembers it and resolves
          problems. The reactive mind is the portion of a person's
          mind which works on a totally stimulus-response basis,
          which is not under his volitional control, and which
          exerts force and the power of command over his awareness,
          purposes, thoughts, body and actions.

   10.4  What is the difference between Scientology and Dianetics?

          Dianetics is a technology which uncovers the source of
          unwanted sensations and emotions, accidents, injuries and
          psychosomatic illnesses, and which sets forth effective
          handlings for these conditions. 

          'Dianetics' comes from the Greek 'dia' meaning "through"
          and 'nous', "soul." It is further defined as "what
          the soul is doing to the body." 

          'Scientology' is the study and handling of the spirit in
          relationship to itself, universes and other life. It is
          used to increase spiritual freedom, intelligence and
          ability and to enable a person to realize his own
          immortality. 

          Dianetics and Scientology are *separate* subjects, but
          the delivery of each has in common certain tools like the
          E-Meter and the basic rules of auditing.


----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  End of "A SCIENTOLOGY CATECHISM"
                           [Part 2 of 3]
                 Part Nine of _What is  Scientology?_
Copyright (c) 1992 Church of Scientology International, All Rights Reserved

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the L. Ron Hubbard Library for 
permission to reproduce selections from the copyrighted works of 
L. Ron Hubbard.

"Dianetics," "E-Meter," "Flag," "Freewinds," "Hubbard," "OEC,"
"OT," "Purification Rundown," "Scientology," and "The Bridge" are
trademarks and service marks owned by the Religious Technology
Center and are used with its permission. "Scientologist" is a 
collective membership mark designating members of the affiliated
churches and missions of Scientology.
============================================================================

For more information on Scientology, FTP to FTP.PCNET.COM /users/brianw
or write to:  scninfo@pcnet.com

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