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Archive-name: scientology/skeptic/access-faq
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Last-modified: Tuesday 22aug95
Version: 3.3

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----


Access to material about Scientology, Dianetics, the Church, or L.
Ron Hubbard. The bulk of the material reviewed was written by
non-Church-members or ex-Church-members, but some Church material is
covered. All opinions belong to the various reviewers.

This material was collected off the net and edited by Don Lindsay
(lindsay@cs.colorado.edu). Short contributions, pro or con, are
welcome.  It's impossible to keep up with the net, so please email
any comments/contributions directly to me.

Table of contents:

	Changes, version 3.2 to 3.3:
	Usenet newsgroups:
	BBS:
	World Wide Web:
	Anonymous FTP sites:
	Electronic Mailing Lists:
	AOL:
	Magazines:
	Video:
	Books and library material, mostly sorted in the order:
		- books with multiple reviews
		- items with a review
		- unreviewed items
		
 --------------------------------------
Changes, version 3.2 to 3.3:
	Added a table of contents.
	More web pages and FTP sites
		including a newspaper, a legal column, a Supreme Court, etc
	Added AOL reference
	Added another address for "Gauntlet"
	Added magazine "Walk Away"
	Added a source of video
	Added references for articles by Roy Wallis
	Added more publishers for "Fads and Fallacies"
	Added two bookstores
	Added ISBN for "The truth about scientology"
	Added review of "Mission Into Time"
	Added fuller reference for "Scientology: A History of Man"
	Added old newspaper/magazine articles: 
		1971 The Realist
		1991 Chicago Tribune
		1950-69, a large list.
		1992 Behavioral Sciences and the Law
	Added a list of early Dianetics books
	Added 	"Sectarian Healers and Hypnotherapy"
		"How We Know What Isn't So"
		"Captive Hearts, Captive Minds"
		"Belief Systems and Your Personal Power"
		"The Future of New Religious Movements"

 --------------------------------------
Usenet newsgroups:
	alt.religion.scientology
	alt.clearing.technology
 --------------------------------------
BBS:
	WISENET, for WISE members only. If you are one, ask them for details.
	FACTNet  "It has probably the largest publicly available library on 
		Scientology anywhere, and word search capabilities. 
		1-303-530-1942 (up to 28.8k)." 	(as of 6 Jul 1994 post 
		to a.r.s. by cultxprt@indirect.com (Jeff Jacobsen))
		F.A.C.T.Net, 601 16th. St. #C-217, Golden, CO 80401,
		1-303-473-0111 (voice)
		Email to factnet@rmii.com.
		NOTE: Factnet's computers were seized in a raid, 22aug95.
		
 --------------------------------------
World Wide Web:
	Web lists are always in flux: it's common for URLs to not work.
	Notice that WWW browsers can be used to access Anonymous FTP sites.

	http://www.cybercom.net/~rnewman/home.html
		This has a good history of the war on Usenet. Well read.
	http://www.theta.com/goodman/index.htm  -- Leisa Goodman
		Note that this page is Church-sponsored.
	http://www.skeptic.com/
		-- the erudite Jim Lippard's doorway to all things skeptical
	http://www.primenet.com/~lippard/  -- his home page
	http://wheel.dcn.davis.ca.us:80/~btcarrol/home/Bobshome.html
		(see his dictionary)
	http://www.primenet.com/~cultxpt/	-- Jeff Jacobsen
	http://copper.ucs.indiana.edu/~sgoehrin/scientology/home.html
	http://mail.bris.ac.uk/~plmlp   	-- Martin Poulter
	http://www.sky.net/~sloth/sci/sci_index.html  -- "Da Sloth"
	http://www.snafu.de/~tilman 		-- Tilman Hausherr
	http://amazing.cinenet.net/scientology.html
	http://www.primenet.com/~stevem/  -- Stephen E. Marinick 
	http://www.smartpages.com/faqs/
	http://users.aimnet.com/~jdiver
	http://www.tiac.net/users/modemac/cos.html
	http://www.thur.de/religio/publik/arsfaq.html
	http://www.skeptic.com/03.3.jl-jj-scientology.html
	http://www.tezcat.com/~tina/scn-index.shtml
	http://www.clark.net/pub/jcblal/jcbcos.html
	http://www.well.com/user/jerod23/clam.html

	http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~dst/Fishman/
	http://www.helsinki.fi/~huuskone/fishman.asc
	http://www.c2.org/~gleonard/fishman.txt
	http://huizen.dds.nl/~andersp

	http://iquest.com/~fitz/csicop/ (Skeptical Enquirer page)
	http://www.fys.uio.no/~kjetikj/skeptic/
	http://www.cs.man.ac.uk/aig/staff/toby/skeptic.html (UK Skeptic page)
	http://www.thur.de/religio/start.html - about cults and sects.
		Note: this is in German, not English.
	http://www.xs4all.nl/~fonss/

	http://www.eff.org/  -- Electronic Frontier Foundation
		(EFF is involved in the Erlich case etc)
	http://www.asc.org
	http://www-leland.stanford.edu/~llurch/emeter.html
		Emeter blueprints.


Newspapers on the Web:
	http://sfgate.com/wais-chron.html  -- San Francisco Chronicle
		(search for "Scientology" gets many hits)

Magazine articles on the Web:
	http://www.boardwatch.com/mag/95/apr/bwm1.htm
	http://www.boardwatch.com/mag/95/may/bwm27.htm  
	http://www.boardwatch.com/mag/95/may/bwm50.htm
	http://www.boardwatch.com/mag/95/jul/bwmlet.htm
	http://www.zdnet.com/~pcmag/trends/tr0818.htm  -- PC magazine

Columns on the Web:
	http://www.portal.com:80/~cyberlaw  -- law and cyberspace


Law courts on the Web:
	http://info.ic.gc.ca/opengov/supreme.court/sc.home.html
		The Supreme Court of Canada (the full text of
		Casey Hill v COS is online)

I wasn't able to verify:
	http://www.demon.co.uk/castlsys/clambust.html
	http://power.stu.rpi.edu/newfact.html
	http://www.bart.nl/~truus/index.html
	http://www.cistron.nl/~erik
	http://www.bbcnc.org.uk/bbctv/the_net/TN950515/svi.html
	gopher://gopher.etext.org/11/Zines/Scamizdat
	gopher://gopher.msu.edu:3441/0chronological%20comp.org.eff.talk%2060218
	ftp://ugle.unit.no/incoming/
	ftp://ftp.germany.eu.net:/incoming/
	ftp://ftp.netcom.com/pub/ffunch/ - Free Zone
	ftp://ftp.gmd.de/incoming/text/
	ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/incoming/fishman.zip
	ftp://coli.uni-sb.de/incoming/
	ftp://130.63.249.47/
	ftp://204.181.193.34/temp1/fishman.txt
	ftp://ftp.demos.su/incoming/fishmann.zip
	ftp://ftp.demon.co.uk/incoming/factkit.zip
 --------------------------------------
Anonymous FTP sites:
	ftp://ftp.factnet.org/tmp/factkit.zip  -- FACTNET (raided)
	ftp.earthlink.net   /pub/archives/brianw -- unofficial but sanctioned
		"currently off line" says Wenger's users/welcome faq 1.5
	ftp.pcnet.com /users/brianw replaces earthlink, says Wenger.
	theta.csh.rit.edu - wasn't up when I tried it. Questions to
		ftp-manager@theta.csh.rit.edu or george@theta.csh.rit.edu
	ftp.rmii.com pub2/factnet -- FACTnet. 
	ftp.netcom.com /pub/mo/modemac/factnet -- a factnet sampler. see WWW.
	ftp.rahul.net  /pub/homer  -- Homer Smith
	ftp.primenet.com /users/c/cultxpt -- Jeff Jacobsen
	ftp.primenet.com/users/s/stevem	 -- Stephen Marinick, see WWW
	ftp://ftp.pasteur.fr/incoming/fishman.zip
	ftp://ftp.gmd.de/incoming/text/
	ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/incoming/fishman.zip
	gopher://freenet.hut.fi:79/0scamiz
	ftp://odysseus.uchicago.edu/pub/

   If you have "archie", then "archie scientology" will produce a
   list of sites, which typically are just "mirror" copies of the
   Usenet FAQ archive:
	rtfm.mit.edu, pub/usenet/news.answers/scientology
	src.doc.ic.ac.uk /usenet/usenet-by-group/alt.answers/scientology/users
	unix.hensa.ac.uk /pub/uunet/usenet/news.answers/scientology/users
   which is also on some archive CD's, some of which are mounted online:
	freebsd.cdrom.com  /.9/internet/rtfm/alt.religion/scientology
 --------------------------------------
Electronic Mailing Lists:

	Email to STUS@PSSI.COM to join a Church-sanctioned list, according
		to Wenger's FAQ.
	Alt.clearing.technology used to have a list called Theta-L, and
		perhaps still does.
	tnx-l the "Theta News eXchange" for Scientologists in good standing.
	   Original contact: list moderator (Steve Porter) at stp@Earthlink.net
	   Reportedly this list has moved to pvid@theta.com

 --------------------------------------	
AOL:
 11 May 1995  alerma <alerma@DGS.dgsys.com> reported:
	goto Keyword     Religion
	Scroll to bottom of window
	select 'other religions'
	goto other religions file area
	scroll back to Oct 25, 94 and you will find many affidavits.
     -or-
	Select''Philosphy'
	then 'philosphy file area'
	and scroll back to March 25, for A fishman and Scaarf affidavit.

 --------------------------------------	

Magazines:

15 Jan 1995 ant@ivy.ping.dk:

The name is International Viewpoints, and
it is _not_ concerned with quarrels or battles between the church and
others. The editor is 65 year old 'free' scientologist Antony Phillips,
who first contacted scientology (before it was a church) in 1954 in
England, worked for a total of ten years in various scientology
organisations, and was thrown out in 1983. Details can be obtained
by writing to him at:
Internet: ant@ivy.ping.dk
Postal: IVy, PO Box 78, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark
 ---
13 Jan 1995 ladyv <ladyv@cts.com> (Enid Vien):

Free Spirit
Dept 1934
PO Box 6905
Terra Linda
Ca. 94903-0905

It costs $50.00 for non subscribers. If you wish to subscribe it is
$15.00 and then the book costs $40.00.
I am a subscriber and I highly recommend it.

 ---
9 Mar 1995 "TarlaStar" <bmyers@ionet.net>:

  The Gauntlet is a semi-annual publication whose motto is:
"Exploring the limits of free expression".  The particular issue I
referred to has several articles on why "60Minutes" and "Geraldo"
backed off of stories that they were doing on CoS. (ISSN#1047-4463,
ISBN#0-96299659) all letters, inquiries etc. go to: Gauntlet,
Dept B94, 309 Powell Rd. Springfield, PA 19064.

rnewman@ATHENA.MIT.EDU (Ron Newman) 23 Apr 1995 reports:
Gauntlet is an excellent magazine.
Send $11.95 for one issue, or $22 for two issues.  Specify which
issues you want.
I've also seen Gauntlet for sale in Boston-area comic book stores.  If
you've got a comic store in your neighborhood, give them a call.

8 May 1995 julifolo@ux1.cso.uiuc.edu (watkins julia k):
_Gauntlet_ No. 9, 1995, has a long Scientology article
$11.95, Gauntlet, Inc., Dept. SUB9A, 309 Powell Rd., Springfield, PA 19064

 ---

 29 Jun 1995 wbarwell@Starbase.NeoSoft.COM (William Barwell):

 *Walk Away*
 The Newsletter for Ex-fundamentalists

Vol 8, #1 Spring 1995

Another publication from the Institute for First Amendment Rights.
This one is almost a support network for people who have walked
away from fundamentalist religous groups.  There is an intriguing
two page report from religous-cult-deprogrammer Rick Ross about his
legal battle defending himself against the church of Scientology.
 No trades/prints letters  Subs:$10  Institute
for The First Amendemnt
P.O. Box 589 Great Barrington, MA 01230
Email ifa@crocker.com
It does not give price per individual copy, but I suspect $3.00 would do it.

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

Video:

16 Jul 1995 cultxpt@primenet.com (Jeff Jacobsen):

Watchman Fellowship
PO Box 530842
Birmingham AL 35253

ask for the 4 hour video on Scientology from the Clearwater Conference on
Cults.  $25 + $3 postage in the US.

  I just finished watching this videotape and it's crammed with great
information.  There is an excerpt from 5th Estate, a Canadian TV show,
and BBC TV as well.  At the conference an OTVI and an OTVII, now
ex-members, spoke of their experiences in Scientology.

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
Books and library material are the remainder of this FAQ.
We begin with the books that have multiple reviews, and slowly tail
off into various long lists of unreviewed books.


"L. Ron Hubbard: Messiah or Madman?" -- by Bent Corydon and L. Ron
Hubbard Jr.  a.k.a. Ronald DeWolf.(Secaucus, NJ: Lyle Stuart, 1987)
ISBN 0-8184-0444-2. In 1992, from Barricade Books, Fort Lee, New
Jersey, dist. by Publishers Group West, $12.95 "expanded and updated"

"Bare-Faced Messiah, The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard", by Russell Miller
(N.Y.: Henry Holt & Co., 1987) ISBN 0-8050-0654-0. $19.95
London: Michael Joeseph Penguin Book Ltd, 1987.
Also reported: ISBN: 0718127641 (for the Penguin, I believe).

Russell Miller is a British journalist who's done several biographies.

A Piece of Blue Sky -- by Jon Atack, 1990 ISBN 0-8184-0499-X
A Lyle Stuart Book, Published by Carol Publishing Group
Reportedly:
120 Enterprise Avenue, Secaucus, NJ, USA, 07094
lippard@Primenet.Com (James J. Lippard) 20 Apr 1995:
A local bookstore gave me a different address, plus a telephone number:
   Carol Publishing Group
   600 Madison Ave., 11th Floor
   New York, NY 10022
   (212) 486-2200

13 Nov 1994 Tommy the Tourist (Anon User) <nobody@csua.berkeley.edu> said:
	Or you can order direct from Jon's wife Noella Atack,
	"Avalon"
	Cranston Road
	East Grinstead
	West Sussex
	RH19 3HQ
	Price 15 pounds sterling. This includes p&p if to a UK
	address. Overseas orders will need to add extra....
	If you want the facts, this is the book to get.
Reportedly it can be ordered from the on-line bookshop http://www.books.com/
for $21.95

Review by revpk@cellar.UUCP (Brian 'Rev P-K' Siano), 1992:

        "Messiah or Madman?" is a poorly organized, sloppy piece of work, 
with little sense to its organization or even writing style. Passages that 
skip between various events do so with little reason, and frequently without 
even citing dates or times. There's no index, little sourcing, and much of it 
seems gleaned from court records. Howeveer, it's the only one widely 
available.

        "Bare-faced messiah" is better written, better documented, and is 
perhaps the one indispensable biography of L. Ron Hubbard. The problem is, it 
doesn't deal with much of the Church's history; but it does provide lots of 
innarestin' details about life aboard the Sea Org, and it's the best written 
of the three books available.

        "A Piece of Blue Sky" is a history of both the Church and Hubbard-- 
very well researched, lots of documentation, and well structured. It's too 
bad Atack's not much of a stylist, because the book amounts to a series of 
facts listed after each other for easy access. Still, Atack's book is the 
single best overall guide to Scientology that I've ever read, and I recommend 
it to everyone.

Review by tad@ssc.UUCP (Tad Cook), 1992:

The book is called A PIECE OF BLUE SKY by Jon Atack,
and it is great!  I spent the last week totally absorbed in this
book, and I highly recommend it.  Atack is an ex-Scientologist,
and he has done a fine job of explaining their beliefs, and also
he presents a very interesting history of Hubbard and Dianetics.

Review by djb@dberleant.uark.edu (/usr/spool/mail/djb) (Dan), 1992:

"Messiah or Madman" is largely a primary source. Meaning that the
material is recounted from actual events witnessed by the authors,
with little interpretation given (what interpretation there is is
negative, of course). Both the authors were heavily involved in
Scientology, particularly Corydon who was an important figure in the
movement. In addition to their own experiences in the movement and
with Hubbard himself, they provide page after page of quotes from
other former Scientologists, describing their own experiences and
events they witnessed.

Russell Miller's excellent book "Bare-Faced Messiah" is a secondary
source, thoroughly researched and well written, but definitely
complementary to "Messiah or Madman" rather than replacing it or being
"better" (whatever that means).

Review in anonymous posting, 20feb93:

The newly-updated version of Bent Corydon's book, _L. Ron Hubbard
Messiah or Madman_ is now available in trade paperback. Hastings is
carrying it in their biography section for $15. At least one other
major chain has it on their shelves also.

Review by ffunch@netcom.com (Flemming Funch), a Free Zone ex-scientologist,
11 Apr 1994:

the only book of those that I like and recommend is Miller's book. The
other two people are very biased and more acting out of revenge and
self-interest. Miller was never a scientologist and is mainly trying to
tell the true story as he sees it.

Miller was incidentally mostly using Atack's data to write his book.

Even though Miller is also leaning towards present Hubbard in a negative
light I think his fairly neutral listing of facts leaves it more up to the
reader to decide.

For example, Miller sets out to prove how Hubbard's claims of having
traveled extensively in China was a lie. And he goes ahead to document
exactly that Hubbard DID travel in China as a teenager. Hub exaggerated a
bit, but what I got from it was that he did do a lot of interesting things
at an early age that could inspire him with some unusual wisdom.

In the written opinion of Judge Pierre N. Leval, U.S. District Judge,
re New Era Publications Intl. v. Henry Holt & Co., as posted 1 Mar
1995 by ao579@yfn.ysu.edu (Diane Richardson):

  In this case, because Bare-Faced Messiah (in substantially similar
  form) has been previously published in England, Canada and Australia,
  reviews have appeared there to which the court may refer for guidance.
  These credit the book as a serious work of investigation and
  criticism.

  A reviewer for the London Sunday Times wrote: "Russell Miller has done
  a service to his readers by surmounting the legal obstacles placed in
  his way by the Scientologists who attempted to discredit him and to
  prevent the publication of his book.  It is admirably written, well
  documented and it must have entailed a great deal of painstaking
  research.  The evidence...in his book has been gathered carefully from
  witnesses who were once bemused by the cult and who were fearful of
  giving him the information he required. (Gready Aff. Exh. D.)  A
  reviewer for Maclean's Magazine wrote, "while scathingly critical of
  Hubbard and his church, Bare-Faced Messiah is, in fact, scrupulously
  fair (Id.  Exh. E.)  The Spectator, in its review, recommended the
  book for its "admirably detailed documentation." (Id. Exh.  C)

  The work appears to make responsible use of its material.  Although
  plaintiff disagrees with many of Miller's conclusions and argues that
  different interpretations can be drawn from the sources, plaintiff
  does not contend that the biography has dealt dishonestly with its
  sources or is for any other reason to be denied credit as a serious
  work of criticism and comment on a highly newsworthy subject.


Review of "A piece of Blue Sky" 
by hutton@pluto.dev.promis.com (Don Hutton) 12apr93:

  If you are going to read just one critical book on Scientology, read this.
  It's pretty comprehensive and pretty even-handed (which is unfortunately 
  rare in this field).  When the evidence supports L. Ron's claims (eg. his
  hydrographics studies) it says so.  When Scientology's critics do something
  dumb (like the time it was banned in Australia) it says so.  The fusillades
  against other aspects of L. Ron and his creations are heavily annotated as
  to source (eg. Sentencing memorandum in U.S.A. vs. Jane Kember, District
  Court, DC, criminal case no., 78-401, p.25.)
  I've found this, and all other books and articles critical of Scientology
  very hard to find.  I had to order "Blue Sky" through the Cult Awareness
  Network (1-312-267-7777, 2421 W. Pratt Blvd., Suite 1173, Chicago, Ill,
  U.S.A. 60645) as I couldn't even order it directly from the Canadian 
  publisher.  They're sort of your one-stop shopping place for stuff like 
  this.  They've got some good stuff and some really bad stuff (for the 
  latter, check out the "Cults - Just Say NO!" video - narrated by Charlton 
  Heston! BWAAA-HA-HA!).

P.S. There was also an interesting article by Behnar (the editor of the
Time magazine article last year) in QUILL, the journal of the American Society
of Journalists and Authors, about the aftermath of the article.  He was
eventually given some kind of medal by President George Bush for the article.
The QUILL article was from one of the fall 1992 issues.
	[Editor's note: that's Behar, see below.]
 ---
"Scientology from the inside out"
"How to fool the press",
Robert Vaughn Young
Quill, v81n9, 38-41, nov93

A response was published:
"Another view of Scientology"
By: Linda Simmons-Hight, Media Relations Director, Church of Sci. International
The Quill
Jan, 1994
 ---
the Catholic Sentinal, March 17, 1978
"Scientology Leaders Convicted of Fraud"

PARIS- The Paris tribunal has found four leaders of the Church of
Scientology, including its Amercian founder, guilty of making fradulant
claims that physical cures and professional success can be acheived
through Scientology.
   Ron Lafayette Hubbard, the American found of the sect, was condemned
to four years imprisonment and a fine of 35,000 francs (a little over
$7,000).  Henry Laarhuis, Dutch former executive director of the French
branch of the organization, was condemned to three years and a find of
15,000 francs.
   The article goes on to say Hubbard was convicted in absentia.
 ---
"The Prisoners of Saint Hill" by Tim Kelsey and Mike Ricks, 
the Independent [United Kingdom], Jan.31, 1994.
Posted to the Net in April 95, and Reviewed in CAN newsletter April '94
 ---
A magazine database search turned up
	People Weekly v19 p84(5) 1983 Jan 24 by John Saar
	"Ministry of fear; scandal rocks Scientology as the founder's wife
	goes to prison and his son turns prosecution witness"
also
	Penthouse feedback, Penthouse v15 p28(6) 1984 Jan
	The other side of L. Ron Hubbard, Jr :	Ron deWolf
also
	"Follow-ups: shamed in Spain. (Heber Jentzsch, head of Church of
            Scientology arrested in Spain)"
	Fortune v119 n2 p16(1) 1989 Jan 16
also
	"See You In Court", by Russell Miller, Punch, 19feb88 p.46
	(short bit about the Church suing to stop the publication
	 of "Bare Faced Messiah")
 ---
Mind Game -- by Norman Spinrad, Jove Books, copyright 1980.

Review by lindsay@cs.colorado.edu, 1992:
This is a novel, a "roman a clef", about an author whose wife joins the
"Transformationalism" cult. Yes, the cult is led by a pulp-era
science-fiction writer.  He even says things like, "We're developing
the Atomic Age of the mind."  Gee, any guesses? 

Review by dennis.l.erlich@support.com Mon Jan 23 1995:

    Descriptions of Celebrity Center and infiltration of
    entertainment industry are accurate.  How the cult tore
    the marriage apart in the early part of the story
    was *too* real for me.  The pressures to disconnect from
    family who might say "go slow" were real.
    Spinrad's descriptions of the inside of the cult and the cult
    leader were phony.
    I'd say his discriptions of the outside of the cult were dead
    on.  He's never been in one, though.
    The guy had obviously been had by the Celebrity Center scam.

 ---
Heads - by Greg Bear, Tor, 1990 ISBN 0-812-51996-5

Review by lindsay@cs.colorado.edu, 1992:
This is good science fiction, set about a century from now. The
relevance is that the villain is obviously the Church of Scientology,
with just enough details changed so that the author can't be sued.
 ---
EVANS, Dr. Christopher, _Cults of Unreason_, Harrap, London, 1973.
Evans, Christopher. Cults of Unreason. New York: Dell Publishing, 1975.

From: paj@mrcu (Paul Johnson), 1992
Organization: GEC-Marconi Research Centre, Great Baddow, UK

I have just read "Cults of Unreason" by Christopher Evans.  Most of
the book is devoted to a history and discussion of Dianetics and
Scientology.  This is readable and at times very funny.  As Evans
says, "A rich vein of unconsious humor runs through the official
publications of the cult" (or words to that effect).  The book is old
and somewhat out of date, but it is detailed and impartial
 ---
VOSPER, Cyril, _The Mindbenders_, Neville Spearman, London, 1971, 188 p.

From: andrewd@chook.adelaide.edu.au (Andrew Dunstan), 1992:
See also "The Mind Benders" by Cyril Vosper. (I think this is right!)
The Scientologists went to a GREAT deal of trouble in the UK to try
to suppress this book.
 ---
"Bigger Secrets", by William Poundstone, 1986, Houghton Mifflin, ISBN
0-395-45397-6. PP 58-62 are titled "The Secret Teachings of L. Ron
Hubbard". Summarizes Zemu. Dirt on Hubbard's war hero status.
Claims they pull in $100M/yr and have dummy corporations in "no tell
countries like Leichtenstein, Luxembourg, and Liberia".
 ---
From: lippard@uavax0.ccit.arizona.edu (James J. Lippard), 1992
[quoting] The Arizona Skeptic, vol. 5 
	no. 2 (September/October 1991), pp. 1-5.
"Parts of Dianetics, for 
example, have striking resemblance to two articles found in 
Volume 28 (1941) of the Psychoanalytic Review."

Dr. J. Sadger, "Preliminary Study of the Psychic Life of 
	the Fetus and the Primary Germ."  Psychoanalytic Review  
	July 1941  28:3. p.333
Grace W. Pailthorpe, M.D., "Deflection of Energy, as a 
	Result of Birth Trauma, and It's Bearing Upon Character 
	Formation."  Psychoanalytic Review  July 1941 28:3  pp. 
	305-326, p.326.
Nathaniel Thornton, D.Sc., "What is the  Therapeutic Value 
	of Abreaction?"  Psychoanalytic Review 1949 36:411-415. p.411.

Albert I. Berger, "Towards a Science of the Nuclear Mind:
Science-fiction Origins of Dianetics", Science Fiction Studies, 1989,
vol. 16:123-141 p.135

S.I. Hayakawa, "From Science-fiction to Fiction-science", Etc.: A
Review of General Semantics, 1951 Vol. 8 (4) 280- 293.  p. 293. 

 ---

Jack Fox, Alvin E. Davis, and B. Lebovits, "An Experimental
Investigation of Hubbard's Engram Hypothesis (Dianetics),"
Psychological Newsletter 1959, 10, 131-134.

The above is discussed in Jeff Jacobsen's article "Science and
Dianetics" in _The Arizona Skeptic_, vol. 6, no. 1, July/August 1992,
pp. 1-3.  It is available for anonymous FTP from ftp.netcom.com in
/pub/an/anson/Skeptical_Newsletters/Arizona_Skeptic.  It is also on
the World Wide Web at
http://www.primenet.com/~cultxpt/jj-science.html.

 ---
Roy Wallis, _The Road to Total Freedom: A Sociological Analysis
	of Scientology_, 1977, Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-0420000
	London : Heinemann Educational, 1976

Review by lucey@hpwin088.uksr.hp.com (Peter Lucey) 12 Jul 1994:
...excellent book.
Wallis did his homework.There's very little sociologese; and lots of facts.
Its fair, too. (Though critical; how could it not be?) He seemed to
have some support from the CoS when examining Scn; though not of
his conclusions:). Highly recommended
 ---
Wallis also had an article in the first issue of The Skeptical Inquirer
(then known as The Zetetic) titled "'Poor Man's Psychoanalysis?' 
Observations on Dianetics."

The Jacobsen article may be obtained from Jacobsen (who also has other
stuff on Scientology) at P.O. Box 3541, Scottsdale, AZ 85271, or from
the Phoenix Skeptics, P.O. Box 62792, Phoenix, AZ 85282-2792.
 ---

WALLIS, Dr. Roy, _The Road to Total Freedom_, Heinmann, London,
Columbia University Press, New York, 1977, according to Atack. That's
slightly different from the above.

6 May 1995 rnewman@ATHENA.MIT.EDU (Ron Newman):
Wallis tells his own story of harassment by Scientologists in
an essay entitled "The Moral Career of a Research Project", in the
book _Doing Sociological Research_ (ed. Colin Bell & Howard Newby, 1977).
He later reprinted this essay in his own book _Salvation and Protest_.
See also his essay "Religious Sects and the Fear of Publicity" in
the UK magazine _New Society_, 7 June 1973.

 ---

There was a cover article on Scientology in Time Magazine, 6may 1991:
"The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power", by Richard Behar. v137  p50-7

By the same author:
"The prophet and profits of Scientology"
Forbes v138 p314(6) 1986 Oct 27

"Scientology: a dangerous cult goes mainstream"
Reader's Digest v139  p87-92 October '91


Also in Time:
"Mystery of the vanished ruler." Time v121 p64(4) 1983 Jan 31

lafayette ronald hubbard scientologist. 2/10/86. covers his death

 ---
Los Angeles Times ran a 6-part series, June 1990, by
	 Welkos, Robert W. and Sappell, Joel.
"The Scientology Story: A Special Report"
#1 24june: The Making of L. Ron Hubbard
	   The man in control. (David Miscavige)
	   Burglaries and lies paved a path to prison
	   Defining the theology
#2 25june: Church markets its gospel with high-pressure sales
	   Shoring up its religious profile
#3 26june: Defectors recount lives of hard work, punishment
#4 27june: Reaching Into Society
#5 28june: Costly strategy continues to turn out bestsellers
#6 29june: On the offensive against an array of suspected foes
	   Suits, protests fuel a campaign against psychiatry
	   (Scientology opposes anti-hyperactive drug Ritalin)
	   A lawyer learns what it's like to fight the church
	   (Joseph Yanny harassed by the Church of Scientology)
 ---
From: sheaffer@netcom.com (Robert Sheaffer), 1992:

One excellent book written at a popular level is "Psychobabble" by
R.D. Rosen (Avon Books, 1979). It takes a skeptical look at EST,
Scientology, etc., as well as a number of odd practices in psychology
such as Rebirthing, Primal Scream, etc.
 ---

"Dianetics: A Doctor's Report", J. A. Winter, M.D., ISBN 0-517-56421-1
Copyright 1951, The Julian Press (1987 Edition), Crown Publishing Group, NYNY

Review by lindsay@cs.colorado.edu 1993:

Dr. Winter met Hubbard through the science fiction community in
1949, and became the Medical Director of the Hubbard Dianetic
Research Foundation when it was formed.

A lot of this book discusses therapy, and how dianetics, as a body of
therapeutic techniques, has a lot to offer. Dr. Winter speaks quite
highly of it.

The rest of the book discusses his experiences, his disillusionment
with the Foundation, and his resignation in protest. Partly he
felt that the state of "clear" did not give the anticipated benefits:
but also, he was unhappy that the Foundation was becoming
authoritarian, and disparaging of anyone who actually did research.
 ---
GARRISON, Omar V., _The Hidden Story of Scientology_, Arlington, London,1974.
Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel Press, 1974.

Review by a Scientologist, isds11990012@memstvx1.memst.edu (John Holifield) 
5Dec92
... for a non-scientology book to read, I suggest "The Hidden Story
of Scientology".  This is a true book by a non-scientologist that has
investigated many of the lies told about Scientology.

rnewman@mit.edu (Ron Newman)2 Mar 1995:
You should note that this is a pro-Scientology book Still worth a
look, however.  At that time, Garrison believed Scientology was a
persecuted minority group under attack from government agencies, and
he believed Scientology's statements that they were ending the fair
game policy, disconnection, etc.  Later Garrison changed his mind,
after he got involved in trying to write an official biography of
Hubbard and discovered the Church's many lies about LRH's history.

 ---
MALKO, George, Scientology: The Now Religion, Delacourte Press, New York, 1970.
or	 New York: Uell Publishing Company. 205 pages.

Review by rudnick@cfatrw.harvard.edu (Bret Rudnick) 27 Dec 1993:
I would also recommend _Scientology: The NOW Religion_
by George Malko, which is rather less than complimentary.

Review by av282@FreeNet.Carleton.CA (Martin G. V. Hunt) 28 Aug 1994:

   An easy read by virtue of Malko's fluent, lucid, albeit dated style,
"The Now Religion" presents no problems to the reader, and flows by as a
river of insight and information.  Malko's book is an even presentation,
well balanced and thoughtfully written; but be prepared for an attack on
such loose-flung terms as "cult" and "brainwashing", as Malko will not
permit any direct derogation of what he obviously considers a religion
engaged in by its victims willingly. 

   Chapters include a general overview of the cult, some biographical
material on L. Ron Hubbard, the beginnings of Dianetics, an exploration
into Scientology, an analysis into what lies behind these two, an
explication of techniques, drills, and processes, a look at the subject
"Ethics", and how it is often misapplied, and finally a summary of
conclusions.  What the book unfortunately lacks is both an index and a
bibliography, for Malko has quite obviously researched his sources quite
well, and references many, both textual and personal, in the body of the
book. 

 ---
Cooper, Paulette.  _The Scandal of Scientology_, New York: Tower
    Publications, 1971. 220 pages, with appendix.

Review by rjk7m@fulton.seas.Virginia.EDU (Richard John Kwiatkowski), 1993:
   I would highly reccommend that anyone who is involved or thinking about
becoming involved with Dianetics or Scientology read Cooper's book.

Review 10 Apr 1995 by av282@FreeNet.Carleton.CA (Martin G. V. Hunt):
   Scandal is laid out in 25 sections, including a preface, an
introduction, 21 chapters, a conclusion, and an appendix.  Chapters
describe the early days of Scientology, the confessional, Hubbard's ideas
about life in the womb, Scientology's ideas about reincarnation,
proselytizing, cult Organizations [Class IV Orgs], the Sea Org, the policy
of attacking attackers, suppressives, security checks [Sec Checks],
Scientology's emphasis on children and celebrities, the business and
political aspects of the cult, the war between Scientology and medicine,
a taste of higher levels [albeit very brief], the "E-Meter", Scientology's
high cost, a brief biography of L. Ron Hubbard [touching on his fabricated
past], and a look at the workability of Scientology.

   As an interesting aside, the prices quoted in Scandal include $162 for
a meter, $4,625 to get to clear, and $2,850 for the final step to OT 8.
These prices were deemed to be very expensive, and contributed to a
decision to remove the cult's tax-exempt status in America; yet when
compared to 1995's prices, they seem almost reasonable.

   The Scandal of Scientology is factual, interesting, and well- written,
in a transparent and fluent language.  It delivers its points with a punch
that makes understandable the consternation that the publication of the
work brought to the cult of Scientology, and its subsequent vicious
attacks against Paulette Cooper.  Cooper's work is an important historical
document that will be talked about and written about and used as a primary
reference for many years to come [...] Highly recommended reading.

 ---
Renunciation and Reformulation: a Study of Conversion in an American
Sect -- by Harriet Whitehead, 1987, Cornell University Press, Ithaca

Review by acarvin@casbah.acns.nwu.edu (Andy Carvin), 1992:

Whitehead, who is a sociologist, actually joined a Church in order to
get firsthand knowledge of the members and practices.  Anyway, it's
interesting, informative, and non-biased.  I would think that it can
be obtained in a good research library.
 ---
Hubbard is mentioned in "Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science",
by Martin Gardner. Dover, New York, 1957.

in Canada by General Publishing Company, Ltd and in the UK by
Constable and Company, Ltd.

 ---
Fads & Fallacies in the Name of Science.  Gardener, Martin.
  Dover, New York.  1952.  

Have you read "The New Age: Notes of a Fringe Watcher" by Martin
Gardner(BTW it has a lovely photo of L Ron Hubbard measuring the
emotions of a tomato).  "Fads and Fallacies" is also a great book.  
	--ph36@unixg.ubc.ca (Richard Nistuk)
 ---
        Flo Conway and Jim Seigelman's "Snapping" is a good, though 
pop-psych-influenced, account of the conversion experience that members of 
so-called 'cults' report; it compares similar experiences among Moonies, 
Scientologists, Krishnas, and many others, and also addresses the methods 
used by such organizations to _manufacture_ religious experiences. 
	-- revpk@cellar.org (Brian 'Rev P-K' Siano)
Atack's bibliography lists this book as:  Dell, New York, 1979.
Wollersheim's lists it as: Snapping: America's Epidemic of Sudden 
	Personality Change. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1978.
 ---
In posting by rogue@ccs.northeastern.edu (Rogue Agent), 1993:

I'm reading 'Flim Flam!' by James Randi, and came upon a reference to
Scientology.  Apparently back in the 70's Scientology set out to discredit
CSICOP by painting it as a front organization for the CIA.

Response to the above from lippard@skyblu.ccit.arizona.edu (James J. Lippard):

Check out Kendrick Frazier, "A Scientology 'dirty tricks' campaign
against CSICOP," _Skeptical Inquirer_ vol. 4, no. 3, Spring 1980, pp.
8-10.  This news report indicates that Scientology documents outlining
proposals to portray CSICOP as a CIA front were discovered by John
Marshall, a reporter for the _Toronto Globe and Mail_, among thousands
of documents entered as evidence into U.S. District Court in Washington,
D.C.

 ---
Francis King's RITUAL MAGIC IN ENGLAND (I think that's the right
title) gives extracts from several letters written by Aleister
Crowley dealing with L. Ron Hubbard.  
	-- [private email, 1992]

The letters are apparently also in 
_The Great Beast_ by John Symonds [MacDonald, London, 1971]

For background,
Book of the Law.  Crowley, Aleister.  Thelema Publications,
  King-Beach, California.  1976.


 ---
"The Encyclopedia of American Religions" (J. Gordon Melton, Gale Research)
has a short section on Scientology, and also short sections on several
offshoots. 
 ---
In posting from mmm@cup.portal.com (Mark Robert Thorson), 1992:

...Lashley coined the term "engram". 
In his book _Studies_in_the_Dynamics_of_Behavior_
(University of Chicago Press, 1932), Lashley and his students
Stone, Darrow, Landis, and Heath report on their early work.
What caught my attention is how intensively they used one
particular analytical tool, namely galvanic skin response (GSR).

 ----
Reviews from mkkuhner@phylo.genetics.washington.edu (Mary K. Kuhner) 30jan93

I went to the public library and read the two Scientology books they
happened to have.  Here are my capsule reviews.  They represent only my
own opinions.

_Introduction to Scientology Ethics_.
This book consists of several lists:  ethical principles as they apply
to people in general, to Scientologists, to auditors, and to
supervisors, and a long section on various types of "crimes" against
Scientology.  The various lists struck me as somewhat contradictory--
for example, freedom of speech was praised in general, but several of
the lists gave specific things which must not be said by Scientologists.

The list of crimes was very interesting reading.  It corroborated many
of the statements made by critics of the CoS.  Any kind of public
questioning or criticism of the CoS, justified or not, is a High Crime
(the most severe category).  Superiors are protected from criticism by
their underlings.  There is also a disturbing failure to distinguish
between "crimes" by Scientologists and non-Scientologists.  I have been
told on the Net that the High Crimes apply only to Scientologists, but
several of them (i.e. penalties for leaving the CoS) by their nature
must apply to non-Scientologists.

Recommended reading--as this book was apparently used as a practical
guideline within the CoS (though it may now be obsolete) I think it
provides a useful look at the way the organization operates.

_Scientology 8008:  the Book of Basics_
This is also mainly a collection of lists, presented with very little
explanatory text.  A major part of the book is taken up with a kind of
cosmology or creation story about the origin and nature of human beings.
I found this turgid and unreadable.  There are also lists which organize
emotional states into a linear order, list the components of
communication, etc.  Without discussion, I found these lists completely
useless.  What does it mean that enthusiasm is higher than contentment--
higher on what?  Why?

This books reminds me vividly of notes from some kind of pop-psych
seminar, without the seminar to give them any meaning.  Despite its
title, it is quite useless to an outsider.  Someone within the field
might possibly find it useful as a reference.

Not recommended.
 ---
homer@msiadmin.cit.cornell.edu (Homer Smith) responded to the above:

     There are 3 books by Hubbard with 8's in them.

     Scientology 0-8 The book of Basics
     Scientology 8-80
     Scientology 8-8008

     The first one is a compendium of scales.

     The second one is about dichotomies and how to produce
energy from them and use them in auditing.  This is the one
that mentions Beautiful Cruelties.

     The third one is a detailed discussion on the nature
of facsimilies and how to audit them.
 ---
Homer Smith later commented about 8-80:
>in 8-80, he gave the 'frequencies' of various emotions and things,

>     He also made the outrageous statement that the speed of light
>is NOT constant, but depends in fact on the frequency of the light,
>for which there is exactly zero physical evidence for and TONS against.

 ---
>From lenngray@netcom.com (Lenny Gray) 27 Nov 1993:

1) An entry-level book published in paperback by the church itself is:
   "Scientology -- The Fundamentals of Thought" the bulk of which, I
   believe, was written in 1956.  Though its goal is to present just
   the ideal, it does give a nice overview.

2) The book "Scientology -- 8-8008" is indeed the notes from a lecture,
   the lecture actually being their tape-series "The Philadelphia
   Doctorate Course Lectures", which was recorded in 1952-1953.  It
   represents a stage when LRH thought he had something that could
   even be used solo, and he even said so, in tape 54:

   "Auditors will ask you this question and so I'll answer it for you --
    _Can you audit yourself up to theta-clear?_  Well I don't know how
    long it would take you, and I don't know how fouled up you'd get, or
    how flat you'd spin, or anything -- but _it could be done_, with just
    using SOP issue 5.

 ---
zazen@austin.ibm.com (E. H. Welbon) 18may93:

I suggest that any one still convinced that there is a soul in the
human body (or any other species for that matter) pick up D.
Dennett's recent book "Consciousness Explained".  Dennett argues
that the evidence in favor of the existence of a soul is essentially
non-existent, while the argument for the non-existence of a soul is
very good.

Dennett also gives a method for evaluating "subjective" experiences
that he proposes tests for in an appendix (i.e.  he gives methods by
which his tests can be falsified).

 ---
Religion Inc.: The Church of Scientology, Stewart Lamont. 
Pub. Harrap U.K. ISBN 0 245-54334-1   1986  192 p.

Apparently it describes Level III OT and the "Wall of Fire" (pp 50-52).

Review by Peter Lucey <lucey@hpwin088.uksr.hp.com>  Wed, 6 Oct 93:

An open-minded (to start) look at Scn. He has visited the US Orgs
in LA and Clearwater. He ends up puzzled and critical. Not much
new. You'd be better off with A Piece of Blue Sky, by Jon Atack.

Oh, he states that many Scientologists smoke, as LRH was a chain-
smoker so it must be OK.

Stewart's best insight is on Scn as a religion: if Scn postulates
that all human errors are engram-related, and can be erased
"scientifically" using auditing and an E-Meter, so Scn differs
fundamentally from all the major religions as they require
Grace, karma, or whatever to help the human through.

But Religion, Inc. has a priceless picture of LRH posing, in leathers
and stetson, astride a cine camera. I have'nt seen this before. It's
almost as good as the famous tomato/E-meter photo. And its in colour.

22 May 1995 mjacksone@aol.com (MJacksonE):
...can be ordered thorough
            EDWARD R. HAMILTON, Bookseller
            Falls Village, CT 06031-5000
It is item #36245X,  and costs $4.95 plus $3.00 S+H.  (Send
personal check or money order, as Hamilton doesn't accept
credit cards.)

[Editor: Stock was limited]

 ---
From: jerry.ladd@support.com
Here are excepts from last Sunday's LA Times:
FILM CLIP / A look inside Hollywood and the movies
MEDIA WATCH
The Church and The Magazines
Los Angeles Times (LT) - SUNDAY October 17, 1993
By: JANE GALBRAITH
Edition: Home Edition   Section: Calendar   Page: 27
Word Count: 1,088

...Premiere, which in its September issue ran an
8,700-word piece by writer John Richardson that examined the growing
influence of Scientology in the entertainment industry. The piece zeroed in
on the activities at the church's Celebrity Centre, outlining some of the
members who've come and gone, others who've stayed--and why.

...Under threat of a libel suit, Premiere decided it would be prudent to
allow Scientology to respond to Richardson's article, resulting in a
2,000-word essay about Scientology by David Miscavige, chairman of the
board of the Religious Technology Center.

 ---
mcgrath@capella.math.uiuc.edu (Robert E. McGrath) posted on 5 Nov 1993:
	_Some Books and Articles by Susan Blackmore_

1.  _Beyond the Body_.   Heinemann, London, 1982.   American paperback
     edition, Academy Chicago Publications, Chicago, 1992.

2.  "A Psychological Theory of the Out-Of-Body Experience",  _Journal of
     Parapsychology_, Volume 48, 1984, pp. 201-218.

3.  "The Adventures of a Psi-Inhibitory Experimenter", in _A Skeptic's
     Handbook of Parapsychology_,  Paul Kurtz, ed., Prometheus Books,
     Buffalo, 1985.

4.  _The Adventures of a Parapsychologist_.   Prometheus Books, Buffalo,
     1986.

5.  "The Lure of the Paranormal", _New Scientist_, Volume 127, September
     22 1990, pp. 62-65.

6.  "Lucid Dreams",  _Skeptical Inquirer_, Volume 15, Number 4, 1991, pp.
     362-370.

7.   "Near Death Experiences: In or Out of the Body?",  _Skeptical Inquirer_,
     Volume 16, Number 1, 1991, pp. 34-45.

8.  "Psychic Experiences:  Psychic Illusions",  _Skeptical Inquirer_, Volume
     16, Number 4, 1992, pp. 367-380.

9. _Dying to Live: Near-Death Experiences, Prometheus Books, 1993.

McGrath also posted a long review, praising these highly.

 ---
"One Nation Under God", Barry A. Kosmin and Seymour P. Lachman of the
City University of NY, 312 pg, Harmony Books, $25 

Based on a random sample of 113,000 Americans. 
It estimates there are 45,000 Scientologists, 
according to the 29nov93 Newsweek, P.81.
 ---

Author       Hershey, Robert D Jr
Title        SCIENTOLOGISTS report assets of $400 million
Source       New York Times,  Oct 22, 1993,  A, 12:1
Abstract     According to documents filed with the IRS, the Church of 
             SCIENTOLOGY has assets of about $400 million and appears to 
             take in nearly $300 million a year from counseling fees, book 
             sales, investments and other sources.  The financial 
             disclosures came after the church applied for tax exempt 
             status.
 ---
Hartwig, Renate:
Scientology - ich klage an!/Renate Hartwig. - Augsburg: Pattloch, 1994
("Scientology - I accuse")
ISBN 3-629-00637-X
288 pages, all in german
Review by Volkmar Grote <vg@ranahh.hanse.de>, 15 Jul 94:
Renate Hartwig is a member of "Robin Direkt", a consumer protection
organisation, which has kind of specialised in Scientology, and
she is an admirable fighter.
It is about her personal experiences with the CofS in Germany
and some well documented cases of the "churches" nasty sides.
This includes some people who felt ruined by the church and some
very interesting business practices. The way the CofS tried to
silence Renate Hartwig is revealing...
...nearly all evidence is backed up by sworn or original statements.

 ---
Liane v. Billerbeck, Frank Nordhausen
"Der Sekten-Konzern: Scientology auf dem Vormarsch"
Christoph Links Verlag, Berlin, Germany
ISBN 3-86153-051-1

Review 25 Dec 1994 by tilman@netmbx2.netmbx.de(Tilman Hausherr)
(now tilman@berlin.snafu.de):

The title means in englisch: "The cult conglomerate: Scientology goes
forward".
Der Book is written by two journalists in cooperation with the
"Berliner Zeitung", a leading Berlin daily newspaper.
Because both Authors are journalists and not ex-Scientologists, the
book is easy to read and without emotions. It mainly examines
the business practices of members of the "Church", especially the rise
in the former east, where much money can be made because of the
rebuilding there. Different business scams are examined, including
the scam of the "Chernobyl children".
The book has a person-, company-, and a location-index; contact
adresses and a quick Scientology acronym guide.

tilman@netmbx2.netmbx.de (Tilman Hausherr) 17 Mar 1995
(now tilman@berlin.snafu.de):
["Der Sektenkonzern"] has been updated and has now also a legal adviser
included. In the intro, the authors tell that they have been sued
four times (each time a suit was dismissed, papers of a new suit
were in the mailbox). The authors have also been dead-agented after
the book came out - proof of quality.

[new book by Tom Voltz] is written by the guy who is sueing the church because
of their constant copyright inflictions on the "personality test"
that he owns. 

I also got a book list at the german store. The list had exactly
20 books, 2 were double, and 1 was "Dianetik", so this list has "only"
17 books:
 
Anonymous         Entkommen. Eine Ex-Scientologin erzaehlt      rororo
Billerbeck/Nordhausen     Der Sektenkonzern                     Knaur
Doenz             Im Netz der Scientology verstrickt            HAAG+HERCHEN
Koch              Gehirnwaesche (Video, 45 min)                 CALVER
Haack             Scientology, Dianetik und andere Hubbardismen
                                                 EVANG. PRESSEVERB. BAYERN
Hartwig           Scientology, die Zeitbombe in der Wirtschaft  DIREKT
Hartwig           Scientology: Ich klage an                     HEYNE
Herrman (Hg.)     Mission mit allen Mitteln                     rororo
Nietsche          Alptraum Scientology                          WICHERN (4/95)
Redhead           Der teure Traum vom Uebermenschen             CLAUDIUS
 -missing-        Scientology. Mehr als ein Modetrend ?      AUSSERGE.PERSPEKT
Valentin/Knaup    Scientology. Der Griff nach Macht und Geld    HERDER
 -missing-        Scientology. Kirche aus Irrwegen oder
                    Spirituelle Mogelpackung ?               AUSSERGE.PERSPEKT
Steiden/Hamernik  Einsteins falsche Erben               OESTER. STAATSDRUCKEREI
 -missing-        Stichwort Scientology                         HEYNE (5/95)
Thiede            Scientology, Religion oder Geistesmagie       BAHN FRIEDRICH
Voltz             Scientology und k(ein) Ende                   WALTER


 ---
Atack's bibliography also gives:

FOSTER, Sir John, _Enquiry into the Practice and Effects of Scientology_,
	 Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1971.
ST. PETERSBURG TIMES, _Scientology -- An in depth profile of a new
	force in Clearwater_, Florida, 1980.
	"Pulitzer Prizer Winning Expose (34 pages.)"
 ---
cultxprt@indirect.com (Jeff Jacobsen) 15 Apr 1994 posted material from
the FACT BBS by Larry Wollersheim:

Bromley, David G. and Shupe, Anson D. Strange Gods: The
Great American Cult Scare. Boston: Beacon Press, 1981.

Burrell, Maurice C. The Challenge of the Cults. Grand
Rapids, Michigan, 495~6: Baker House, 1982.

Larson, Bob. Larson's Book of Cults. Wheaton, Illinois:
Tyndale House Publishers, 19~2.

Petersen, William J. Those Curious New Cults. New Canaan,
Connect]cut: Keats, Publishing Company, 197~.

Rudin, James and Marcia. Prison or Paradise? The New
Religious Cults. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1980.

Conway, Flo and Jim Siegelman. "Information Disease: Have Cults Created
a New Mental Illness?"  Science Digest. January 1982 pp87-92

Singer, Margaret. Coming out of the Cults. Psychology Today. January 1979.
Singer, Margaret. Cults What are They Why Now. Forecast for 
	Home Economics. May/June 1979.
Ofsche and Singer. Attacks on Peripheral versus Central
	Elements of Self and the Efficacy of Thought Reform. (Available
	through American Family Foundation.)

Lifton, Robert Jay. The Future of Immorality. Chapters
Called: "Religious Totalism and Civil Liberties" and "Doubling
the Faustian Bargain". Bosie Books Inc.

Lifton Robert J.: Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism: A study of
  "Brainwashing" in China.  New York, WW Norton and Co, 1961
cultxpt@primenet.com (Jeff Jacobsen) 1 Jan 1995 mentioned this book:
   "See chapter 22.  He discusses "loading the language" pretty well.  
   To my mind it does a few things;
    1) is a good marker for who is and who is not a follower
    2) gives one the feeling of being an Insider
    3) clearly seperates Us from Them
    4) reinforces the idea that Scientology "tech" is unique and better."


Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry III. The Sections on Dissociation 
	and Hypnotism.

Miller. The Utilization of Hypnotic Techniques in Religious
Conversion. (Available through Richard Ofshe PhD.)

Schein, Edgar H. with Inge Schneier and Curtis H. Barker: Coercive
Persuasion. New York, W.W. Norton, 1961

Delgado. Gentle and Ungentle Persuassion Under the first
Amendment. (Available through American Family Foundation.) 51 So
Cal Law Rev 1, 1977.

California Appeal Court Decision Wollersheim vs. Church of
Scientology of California C.A. 2nd No. B023193 July 18, 1989 By
Johnson J. (57 pages.)

Also see reviews below by Charlie Rubin.
 ---
reviews by Charlie Rubin <falconsys@delphi.com> on alt.recovery.religion:
Best books on cults and mind control

... 
Even if you're not interested in cults, you should still read #3.

(1)  _Combatting Cult Mind Control_ by Steven Hassan (Park Stree Press, 1988)
	(lSBN 0-89281-243-5)
	-- This is the best one. Clear, concise, and powerful. Author is a
	   former top level Moonie who now does professional exit-couselling
	   for cult members. He really understands what's going on.
 
(2)  _Cults in America: Programmed for Paradise_ by Willa Appel (Holt,
	Rinehart and Winston, 1983)
	-- Also a good overview of the phenomena, but by an outsider (an
	   anthropologist). Very interesting discussion of the psychological
	   needs fulfilled by fairy tales, and how cult doctrines are very
	   similar to fairy tales (good vs. evil, very simplistic). Lots of
	   other good stuff as well.
 
(3)  _Influence: How and Why People Agree to Things_ by Robert B. Cialdini,
	Ph.D. (Wm. Morrow & Co., 1984)
	-- An incredible book. I can't recommend it enough. The author is a
	   social psychology professor who spent 15 years studying the
	   tactics used by "compliance professionals," including salesmen,
	   fundraisers, marketing pros, cult leaders, Chinese brainwashing
	   camps, etc. He carefully details the underlying psychological
	   mechanisms that make all these tactics work, and how everyone
	   is vulnerable to them because they take advantage of instinctual
	   responses. Very enlightening!

(4)  _The Wrong Way Home: Uncovering Patterns of Cult Behavior in American
	Society_ by Arthur J. Deikman, M.D. (Beacon Press, 1990)
	-- Also fascinating. The author is a clinical professor of psychiatry
	   who started studying cults, and then realized that the methods of
	   manipulation used in them are found throughout society, in many
	   types of groups -- corporations, political parties, schools,
	   and traditional religions. Cults simply take them to the n-th
	   degree. This is a real eye-opener.

 ---
av282@FreeNet.Carleton.CA (Martin G. V. Hunt) reviewed:

about a 1934 book:
"Scientologie 34!" by A. Nordenholz, translated into the English by
W. R. McPheeters.
it provides insight into hubby's plagiarized coining of such terms as
"beingness", "havingness", etc., as well as the use and development of
his "axioms".

Inside Scientology: How I Found Scientology and Became Superhuman
Kaufman, Robert.  Olympia Press, New York. 1972.
[Reported elsewhere as "how I joined scientology and became superhuman"]

Battle for the Mind: A Physiology of Conversion and Brainwashing.
  Sargant, William.  Doubleday, Garden City, New York.  1957.


Dianetics in Limbo.  O'Brien, Barbara.  Whitmore Publishing Co.,
  Philadelphia.  1966.
[editor: a library search found
     AUTHOR: O'Brien, Helen E.
      TITLE: Dianetics in limbo;
             a documentary about immortality,
      PLACE: Philadelphia,
  PUBLISHER: Whitmore Pub. Co.
       YEAR: 1966
   PUB TYPE: Book
     FORMAT: xiii, 80 p. 21 cm.
]

[for background]

Science and Sanity.  Korzybski, Count Alfred Habdank Skarbek.
  Institute of General Semantics, Lakeville, Connecticut.  1933.

Thought Reform of the Chinese Intellectuals.  Chen, Theodore H.
  E.  Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.  1960.

The Search for the Manchurian Candidate: The CIA and Mind
  Control.  Marks, John.  Times Books, New York.  1979.

Youth, Brainwashing, and the Extremist Cults.  Enroth, Ronald.
  Zondervan Press, Kentwood, Michigan.  1977.

Rape of the Mind.  Meerloo, Joost A.  Grosset & Dunlap, New York.
  1961.

Radical Departures: Desperate Detours to Growing Up.  Levine, Saul
  V, M.D.  Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Orlando, Florida.  1984.

Destructive Cult Conversion: Theory, Research, and Treatment.
  Clark, John G., et al.  American Family Foundation, Weston,
  Massachusetts.  1981.

Cults and Consequences: The Definitive Handbook.  Andres, Rachel,
  and Lane, James R., eds.  Jewish Federation of Greater Los
  Angeles, Los Angeles.  1988.

Let Our Children Go!  Patrick, Ted, with Tom Dulack.  Thomas
  Congdon Books/E. P. Dutton, New York.  1976.

All God's Children: The Cult Experience; Salvation or Slavery?
  Stoner, C., and J. Parke.  Chilton Books, Radnor, Pennsylvania.
  1977.

Nineteen Eighty-Four.  Orwell, George.  Penguin, Middlesex, England. 1954.

[magazine articles]

"Scientology Plot Against State Official."  Henderson, Bruce.
  Los Angelel Herald-Examiner, 29 May 1980.

"Scientologists Plotted to Frame a Critic as a Criminal, Files
  Show."  Gordon, Gregory.  Boston Globe, 24 November 1979.

"Scientology: Anatomy of a Frightening Cult."  Methvin, Eugene H.
  Reader's Digest, May 1980.

"How Cults Bilk Us All."  Williams, Carson.  Reader's Digest,  November 1979.


 ---
tonym@jolt.mpx.com.au (Tony McClelland) suggested, 17 Nov 1994:

For a better understanding of Scientology beliefs and techniques, see
Hubbard's Volunteer Minister's Handbook (lSBN 0-88404- 039-9).

For a better understanding of the manipulative nature of Scientology,
see [...]  Thomas and Jacqueline Keisers' The Anatomy of lllusion
(lSBN 0-39805295-6).

Margery Wakefield 's The Road to Xenu is an excellent first-hand
account of membership, and includes Bob Penny's thought
provoking Social Control in Scientology. The Road to Xenu is
available via P.0. Box 290402, Tampa, Florida 33687.
 ---
"Countercultures: a sociological analysis", Zellner, W. W. 
	St. Martin's Press, New York, N.Y. 1995  ISBN 0312080840

Review by rnewman@mit.edu (Ron Newman) Thu, 2 Feb 1995:

One of the six chapters, 32 pages long, is on Scientology.
(The other chapters are about skinheads, survivalists, Satanism, the
Ku Klux Klan, and the Unification Church of Rev. Moon.)

Anyone collecting books about Scientology should get this one too.

 ---

"BRAIN-WASHING; A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics."
Review by cultxpt@primenet.com (Jeff Jacobsen) 29 Jan 1995:

Kenneth Goff wrote the editorial note in front.  Goff says he was
formerly a communist in the US.  He also says the text in this manual
"contains the address of Beria [head of the KGB] to the American
students in the Lenin University prior to 1936."

   So, to expose the Communist/psychiatrist connection, in the public
service Scientology printed this manual.  My opinion, however, is that
Hubbard wrote this, and there are many tipoffs within the work to prove that.
   [List of reasons removed by editor]
 ---

an127900@anon.penet.fi (Ricki) 9 Feb 1995:

  ...it's a Canadian film and I think it was produced by the "Canadian
  National Film Board".  It's called "Ticket to Heaven"

  The film is quite effective at portraying how someone can be drawn
  into a group which, at first glance, is really bizarre; especially if
  the person is in a vulnerable emotional state.
  [the family eventually hires a professional deprogrammer to kidnap him]

  the book is "Crazy For God: the Nightmare of Cult Life", by
  Christopher Edwards (the ex-Moonie himself), and was published in 1979
  by Prentice-Hall in America, London, Australia, Canada, India, Japan,
  and Southeast Asia, and Whitehall Books in New Zealand.

  The movie was great; I recommend it highly

p.d.coates@support.com (Priscilla Coates) 10 Feb 95:

       The name of the book on which that movie is based is
       actually "Moonwebs:  Journey into the Mind of a Cult."  It
       was written by Josh Freed who is an award winning Canadian
       journalist.  It was published in Canada in 1980 by Dorset
       Publishing, Inc., 355 Marham St., Toronto (paperback).

       The book was better and funnier than the movie, IMO.
 ---

Scientologist koreenb@aol.com (Koreen B) 11 Feb 1995:

Two excellent books on the subject of psychiatric abuses are:

"Toxic Psychiatry" by Peter Breggin. This covers in detail generous
amounts of scientific research and studies which clearly show the dangers
of current  psychiatric treatments of choice, such as ECT, and
psychotropic drugs. It also gives an excellent and well documented insight
into why these treatments are used (bottom line basically) as opposed to
less damaging methods. Its very readable as well, even for a layperson, in
my opinion.

"Bedlam: Greed, Profiteering, and Fraud in a Mental Health System Gone
Crazy", by Joe Sharkey, is also an excellent and well documented account
of the rampant greed, abuse and fraud to be found in the US mental health
system today. "Bedlam" was published in 1994 and includes many
contemporary examples of abuse. The chapters regarding the gross
exploitation and sometimes even kidnapping or torture of children and
adolescents for profit are especially chilling. Any parent or loved one or
mental health care recepient should read this book. This book is extremely
readable and engrossing.

[A rebuttal was posted but I seem to have mislaid it]

Review by Robert Canner (robert@ucl.ac.uk) Wed, 29 Mar 1995:
[Mr. Canner is "involved in Co-Counselling International, Codependents
Anonymous (CODA)"]

["Toxic Psychiatry"] is a very interesting book which raises a lot of
questions about psychiatry, drugs, electro-convulsive therapy
(electroshock) and our preconceptions about mental illness. However,
the alternatives which Breggin talks about are very different from
Scientology. I found it fascinating and recommend it very highly.

 ---

cultxpt@primenet.com (Jeff Jacobsen) 19 Feb 1995 references some reviews
of _Dianetics_:

S.I.Hayakawa reviewed the book in "Etc.: A Review of General Semantics"
(vol. VIII #4)

The Zetetic (Vol. 1, #1, 1976) had a review by Roy Wallis.

Publisher's Weekly March 1, 1985 had a review by Lisa See

And as and extra *bonus answer*; read "Scientology: To Be Perfectly
Clear", by William S. Bainbridge and Rodney Stark, in Sociological
Analysis, 1980, 41.2:128-136.

 ---

cp@panix.com (Charles Platt)  23 Feb 1995:

I conducted the last known interview (by mail) with
L. Ron Hubbard, which was published in my book DREAM MAKERS vol II, now
out of print. Hubbard mainly talked about science fiction in this
interview. I believe that in the last years of his life, he was mainly
interested in resuming his literary career, and might have become bored
with CoS matters.

 ---

"Cults In Our Midst: The Hidden Menace in Our Everyday Lives," by
Margaret Thaler Singer with Janja Lalich. (Jossey-Bass Publishers, San
Francisco; 1995) Forward by Robert Jay Lifton. 381 pp.

review by anonymous:
What is different about this book is that it does not concentrate on
religious or psycho cults but shows how cults work in businesses, in
college, etc.

review by "Barbara J. Snow" <barbsnow@umich.edu> Wed, 29 Mar 1995:

I bought "Cults in Our Midst" [...].  It was readily available in a
major bookstore; published 1995 and an excellent source of information
on the definition and dangers of cults.  I highly recommend it.

The author, Margaret Singer, is articulate, insightful and
concise in her presentation.  

 ---

rnewman@mit.edu (Ron Newman):

A search through the University of California's MELVYL database
(telnet melvyl.ucop.edu) for subject "Scientology" locates the
following three books that I've never heard of before

Author:        Meldal-Johnsen, Trevor.
Title:         The truth about scientology / Trevor Meldal-Johnsen &
               Patrick Lusey. New York : Grosset & Dunlap, c1980.
Description:   273 p., [8] leaves of plates : ill. ; 18 cm.
Notes:         "Tempo books."
Other entries: Lusey, Patrick, joint author.
ISBN: 0441825303 (pbk.) :



Author:        Samuels, Jim.
Title:         The official handbook for ex-scientologists / Jim Samuels.
                 Limited ed. [Hillsboro, Ore. : Mentat School, c1980.]
Description:   115 p. ; 22 cm.


Author:        Townsend, Eric.
Title:         The sad tale of scientology : a short history, 1950-1985 / by
                 Eric Townsend. Bramhall, Stockport, Cheshire, England
                 : Anima Pub., c1985.
Description:   90 p. ; 21 cm.
Subjects:      Scientology -- History.

 ---

Review by (I think) Herzliche Grisse, posted by homer@math.cornell.edu
(Homer Wilson Smith) 9 Mar 1995:

Buchkritik

LIKE A CRIME NOVEL ON ECONOMICS

     The book by former Scientologist Tom Voltz unmasks the
psycho-cult.

     He was a devoted Hubbard-follower for over 20 years,
indoctrinated and euphorized: After shocking experiences Tom Voltz
broke through the spell of the cult and on 290 pages now shows up a
mirror to Scientology:
	[long summation omitted]
 ---

The Wall Street Journal, 22 March 1995, had a front-page headline:

"How Allstate Applied Scientology Methods to Train Its Managers - Led
by a Church Member, Classes Elevated Profits Above 'Reasonableness"

 ---
Burroughs, William S., 1914-
     Ali's smile : naked Scientology William S. Buroughs.  1 Aufl. 1978.  Bonn
   : Expanded Media Editions, c1978.

review by newman@ATHENA.MIT.EDU (Ron Newman) 16 Apr 1995:

Naked Scientology" is not a novel.  It is a collection of essays
regarding Scientology that Burroughs published in various
places during the 1970s:

  LA Free Press, March 6, 1970
  The East Village Other, July 7, 1970
  Rolling Stone, November 9, 1972: Burroughs reviewed Robert Kaufman's
      book "Inside Scientology"
  The book also includes an official Scientology letter to the editor
      of Roling Stone, responding to the above, and a long response
      by Burroughs to that letter (apparently not previously
      published)
  A short story called "Ali's Smile"

The small book was published by the German company "Expanded Media Editions"
in Bonn, (West) Germany in 1985.  It is in both German and English,
with the German translations actually taking up the first half of
the book.  The ISBN is 3-88030-011-9.  Even though it's only 10 years
old, Harvard University shelves it in its "rare book" library!


 26 May 1995  davidson@sfsu.edu (Daniel Davidson):
To get _Naked Scientology_ by WS Burroughs contact:
	Small Press Distribution
	1814 San Pablo Avenue
	Berkeley, CA  94702
	(phone) 510.549.3336
	(fax)   510.549.2201

        Ask for the free, complete catalog of 5,000 titles, 300 publishers.

BOOKSELLERS (toll-free) 800.869.7553  M-F 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
                                      Sat. 12:00 p.m. to 4 p.m.
                                      Pacific Time.
        Burroughs, William S.
        ALI'S SMILE / NAKED SCIENTOLOGY
        Expanded Media (Germany)
        3-88030-011-9  US$11.95

 ---

davidson@sfsu.edu (Daniel Davidson) 4 Apr 1995 did a UC MELVYL search,
that is, he looked in the U-California library database for "scientology":

Braddeson, Walter.
     Scientology for the millions.  Los Angeles, Sherbourne Press [1969].
     Series title:  For the millions series, FM 30.

Burroughs, William S., 1914-
     A new way of looking at the universe : scientology revisited

Chagnon, Roland.
     La scientologie, une nouvelle religion de la puissance
   Ville de LaSalle, Quebec : Hurtubise HMH, c1985.
     Series title:  Cahiers du Quebec ; 82.
     Series title:  Cahiers du Quebec ; Collection Sociologie.

Intentions / by Julian Cooper.  London : H.A. Webb, 1959.

Two disparate philosophies : the Scientologists versus the NAMH / by
    David R. Dalton.  London ; New York : Regency Press, 1973.

Enquiry into the practice and effects of Scientology: report, by Sir John
    G. Foster.  London, H.M.S.O., 1971.
      Series title:  Great Britain. Parliament, 1971-72. House of Commons.

Child scientology / Denver Frater.  1st American ed.  Los Angeles :
    Southern California Institute Press, 1969, 1975 printing.

Playing dirty : the secret war against beliefs / Omar V. Garrison.  1st
    ed.  Los Angeles : Ralston-Pilot, c1980.

McGowan, Harold The thoughtron theory of life and matter: how it
relates to scientology and transcendental meditation.  [1st ed.].  New
York, Exposition Press    [c1973].

Miracles for breakfast / Ruth Minshull.  Ann Arbor, Mich. : Scientology, 1968.

Commission of Inquiry Into the Hubbard Scientology Organisation in New Zealand.
Wellington, A. R. Shearer, Govt. Printer, 1969.

Rolph, C. H. (Cecil Hewitt)
       Believe what you like; what happened between the Scientologists and the
     National Association for Mental Health [London] Deutsch  [1973].

A religious happening of the twentieth century : a psychosocial and
     theological study of emerging religion : as represented in the Church of
     Scientology / dissertation by James L. Smith.  1984.

Seele im Wurgegriff : Scientology : Ubermenschen zwischen Ausbeutung und
     Psychoterror / Hugo Stamm.  1. Aufl.  Horgen [Switzerland] : Gegenverlag ;
     Lollar : Vertrieb BRD, Prolit Buchvertriebs GmbH, 1982.

The total freedom trap : scientology, dianetics and L. Ron Hubbard / by
     Jon Atack.  2nd ed.  East Grinstead, England : Theta Communications, c1992



The library search also found material by the Church:

Can we ever be friends? : a documentary supplement appeal / by ministers of
   the Church of Scientology to reconcile former friends and families. 1977
The background and ceremonies of the Church of Scientology of California,
   World Wide. 1970
The Guardian Office of the Church of Scientology. 1979
The American Inquisition : U.S. government agency harassment, religious
   persecution and abuse of power
False report correction : [a response to] the Scandal of Scientology by
    Paulette Cooper. 1975
[etc]

and books by L. Ron Hubbard:

Advanced procedure and axioms
All about radiation / by a nuclear physicist and a medical doctor. 1967
Axioms and logics
The basic Scientology picture book
The book introducing the E-meter
The book of case remedies
The book of E-meter drills
Ceremonies of the founding Church of Scientology
The creation of human ability
Dianetics and scientology technical dictionary
Dianetics: the evolution of a science
Dianetics: the modern science of mental health
The dynamics of life
Handbook for preclears
Have you lived before this life?
The H F notebook
How to live though an executive
How to save your marriage
The Hubbard apprentice Scientologist course
Hubbard Communications Office policy letter subject index 1976
Introduction to scientology ethics
Mission into time
Modern management technology defined
The Phoenix lectures
The problems of work
The research and discovery series
Science of survival
Scientology 0-8; the book of basics
Scientology 8-80: the discovery and increase of life energy in the genus
    homo sapiens
Scientology: a history of man
Scientology; a new slant on life
Scientology abridged dictionary
Scientology: group auditor's handbook
Scientology: the fundamentals of thought
The second dynamic : introduction to Scientology ethics
Self analysis, a simple self-help volume ...based on .. dianetics
The study tapes
The technical bulletins of dianetics and scientology 1976
Understanding the E-meter
The volunteer minister's handbook
When in doubt, communicate

 ---

3 May 1995 ao579@yfn.ysu.edu (Diane Richardson) posted:

But it you want evidence of a drug-wasted psychotic mind at work, you
haven't seen anything until you've read Hubbard's "Mission Into Time"
(copyright 1968).

Hubbard wrote this book while he was leading his Sea Org crew aboard
the Apollo in search of his past lives in the Mediterranean.  It's the
Founder dispensing his wisdom to his disciples; rambling, largely
incoherent, and incredibly funny in a painful sort of way.  NO ONE
could have written such a book without having been under the influence
of mind- altering drugs.

After each of his amazing discoveries, Hubbard has one of his
disciples *verify* his find.  Sadly, one of the most frequently used
of the affirmers was Hana Eltringham, whom we have seen bitterly DA'd
on this newsgroup.

[Editor's note: DA means "Dead Agent", that is, a personal attack.]

 ---

3 Jun 1995 sl@newton.texel.com (Georle):
"Scientology: A History of Man", copyright 1952, 1961, 1968 by LRH
Formerly published as "What to Audit"
British Museum Shelf No. 8633 H49   Library of Congress No. RC461, MCAT
Page 20:
    Cancer has been eradicated by auditing out conception and mitosis.

 ---

9 Apr 95 Martin Poulter's WWW page lists:

Maurice Burrell  Scientology: What It Is And What It Does, 
	Lakeland, London 1970 64 p.

Poulter also reported

"Scientology: The Sickness Spreads" by Eugene H. Methvin. (September
1981 Reader's Digest)
 ---

Diane Richardson dianer2263@aol.com (DianeR2263) 15 Apr 1995 
posted the reference:

AUTHOR:  Manning, Martha
TITLE:       Undercurrents: A Therapist's Reckoning with Depression
EDITION:   1st ed.
PLACE:     San Francisco:
PUBL:       HarperSanFrancisco
YEAR:      1995
PUB TY:    Book
FORMAT:  197 p. ; 22 cm.
ISBN:        0062511831 (cloth)
                006251184X (paperback)

"written by a psychotherapist which relates her battle with clinical
depression, including her ECT treatments."

 ---

10 May 1995 rnewman@ATHENA.MIT.EDU (Ron Newman) suggested some reading:
 Sectarian Healers and Hypnotherapy, by John A. Lee

 court dockets of "Paulette Cooper v. Church of Scientology
 of Boston et al." and "Garrison vs. Flanagan et al", cases
 81-681 and 81-2608 respectively in the Boston U.S. District Court.

 ---

22 May 1995 rnewman@ATHENA.MIT.EDU (Ron Newman):

...the back page (p. 56) of Realist #90, dated May-June 1971.  This
page consists entirely of an article describing Scientology's suit
against The Realist, and quotes the above text from Realist #87.

By the way, this suit apparently did not faze The Realist much, as they
published an 8-page article entitled "The Awful Truth About Scientololgy",
by-lined "By Another Hired Stranger", in Realist #97-B (October, 1973).

 ---

2 Jun 1995 rnewman@ATHENA.MIT.EDU (Ron Newman):
...the Chicago Tribune article in question.  It is the "Media Watch"
column by James Warren, published on Sunday, June 16, 1991, section 5,
page 2.  The headline is "Turning up the heat: Scientology's
counterattack on Time brings windfall for USA Today".

 ---

10 Jun 1995 Ron Newman <rnewman@mit.edu>

The following is a list of *early* newspaper and magazine articles
concerning Dianetics and Scientology

This list covers only the period from 1950 to 1969.  After that,
the number of relevant articles goes up substantially.

Advancement of Science, June 1966, pages 60-64:
   Two contemporary cults: Aetherius Society and Scientology,
      by John A. Jackson

American Mercury: August 1951, pages 74-81:
   Boiled engrams: an elegy to dianetics, 
      by Willard Beecher and Calder Willingham

American Psychiatric Association Psychiatric News: March 1969
   (I haven't been able to track this one down for more specifics)

Better Homes and Gardens, April 1951, pages 6,9,209,211:
   Peace of mind in dianetics?  by Frederick L. Schuman, a professor of
     government at Williams College.  Schuman is an enthusiastic
     advocate of dianetics and describes how it has helped people in his
     small town of Williamstown, Mass.  His does temper his claims with
     some acknowledgment of the critics' positions, unlike his earlier
     letters to The New Republic (September 11, 1950) and 
     The New York Times Book Review (August 6, 1950)

CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 16, no. 4, July-August 1966:
   "Unproven Methods of Cancer Treatment: Hubbard E-Meter and Hubbard
    Electrometer"

Christianity Today
   August 30, 1968, p 42: LRH refused entry to UK
   November 7, 1969, pp 6-9: Scientology: Religion or Racket? part 1
   November 21, 1969, pp 10-13: Scientology: Religion or Racket? part 2
   December 19, 1969, pp 35-36: Cult wins round one (in battle with
      the UK's National Association for Mental Health, which they
      were trying to take over by running candidates for office
      in their annual election)

Consumer Reports: August 1951, pages 378-80:
   anonymous, unfavorable book review of "Dianetics"

Dissertation Abstracts, 1954, volume 14, page 390:
   Abstract of a Ph.D. thesis by Harvey Jay Fischer at
   New York University, 1953, entitled "Dianetic therapy: 
   an experimental evaluation.  A statistical analysis of the
   effect of dianetic therapy as measured by group tests of
   intelligence, mathematics, and personality."  

   Fischer took three groups of 36 subjects each.  One group got 36
   hours of dianetic therapy over 60 days, one group got 18 hours
   (supposedly the recommended amount at the time) and one group got 0
   hours.  He subjected all the groups to a battery of tests of
   intelligence, mathematical ability, and ability to handle personality
   conflicts (because he said these were the only 3 claims being made for
   dianetics at that time).

   Fischer's result?  Dianetic therapy had no positive or negative
   effect on any of the three characteristics tested.

Economist (UK)
   August 3, 1968, page 40: Scientology: to be a thetan
     (Anderson report from Australia, ban on visiting Scientologists
      in the UK)
   February 1, 1969, page 44: Scientology: what has changed?
     (UK orders Foster inquiry; Scientology claims to discontinue
      coercive measures, security checks, and the writing down of
      confessions)

ETC, A Review of General Semantics, Summer 1951, pages 280-293:
   From science-fiction to fiction-science, by S. I. Hayakawa
   (unfavorable book review of "Dianetics")

Harper's magazine, January 1951, page 101:
   "After hours" column by "Mr. Harper"

Life magazine, November 15, 1968, pages 99-100 and 100B-114:
   "Scientology: a growing cult reaches dangerously into the mind", and
   "A True-Life Nightmare", by Alan Levy, about the author's
      brief but intense journey through Scientology, where he traveled
      to Saint Hill Manor to audit out a non-existent engram,
      and nearly destroyed his marriage in the process.
      This is a truly chilling article.
   December 6, 1968, page 30A: letters to the editor from L. Ron Hubbard
      and others

The Listener (UK -- published by the BBC)
   May 19, 1966, pages 715-16: Two contemporary cults, by John Jackson
   (about the Aetherius Society and Scientology.  Jackson claims that
    such cults may possibly have a therapeutic value in modern society)

Look magazine, December 5, 1950, pages 79-85:
   Dianetics: Science or hoax?  by Albert Q. Maisel

Maclean's magazine (Canada), August 20, 1966, pages 22, 36-38
   by Wendy Michener.
Maclean's published a second piece (quite a good one) in the June 1974
issue, starting on page 25, entitled "The weird world of Scientology."
This one incuded a whole page about the Church's <spit> harassment of the
McLean family (no relation to the magazine!) in Sutton, Ontario.


Mademoiselle, December 1969, pages 136-7:
   Jai Baba! Hare Krishna and all that, by Peter Rowley
   (article about a number of cults, including Scientology)

Mayfair magazine (UK): William S. Burroughs wrote a number of essays
   regarding Scientology some time between 1969 and 1972,
   but I have not seen any of them and don't know the exact dates.

The Nation:
   August 5, 1950, page 131:  unfavorable book review of "Dianetics", 
       by Milton Sapirstein
   September 29, 1969, pages 311-315: Total freedom and beyond, by Donovan Bess

The New Republic, August 14, 1950, pages 20-21:
   unfavorable book review of "Dianetics", by Dr. Martin Gumpert

New Society (UK), August 22, 1968, pages 259-261:
   Scientology: A Visit to Saint Hill Manor, by Anne Lapping

New Statesman (UK):
   March 17, 1967, page 358: The Scientologists and their critics, 
     by Donald Gould.  (Anderson commission in Australia, Health minister
     Kenneth Robinson in UK, etc.)
   August 23, 1968, page 220: Why pick on Scientology? by C.H. Rolph
   October 18, 1968, page 493-4: Now I know what I know, by Donald Gould.
     (reporter takes personality test, reads some of their books)

New York Herald Tribune Book Review, September 3, 1950, page 7:
   unfavorable book review of "Dianetics", by Erich Fromm

New York Times
   September 9, 1950, page 19:
      American Psychological Association questions dianetics
   March 30, 1951, page 15:
      Dr. Gregory Zilboorg denounces dianetics
   April 24, 1951, page 32: 
      LRH's wife Sara seeks divorce, claims LRH is paranoid schizophrenic,
      and that he tried to beat her, strangle her, and deny her sleep
      (very short United Press article)
   May 15, 1951, page 29:
      Printer attaches Dianetic Foundation bank account & furniture
      for unpaid bill;  complaint in New Jersey state medical board
      (very short AP article)
   June 13, 1951, page 18:
      LRH wins divorce; Sara gets custody of daughter Alexis,
      plus $200/month child support (very short AP article) 
   December 8, 1963, page 30: Victoria (Australia) opens probe into Scientology
   August 1, 1968, page 9: Scientology & UK
   August 18, 1968, page 65: more Scientology & UK
   February 6, 1969, page 39: Court rules FDA must return E-meters
   February 15, 1969, page 21: Scientology sponsors piano concert
   March 19, 1969, page 33: Scientology expelled from Greece
   November 13, 1969, page 11: Scientology tries to take over UK's
      National Association for Mental Health
   December 7, 1969, page ??: Charles Manson and Scientology
      
New York Times Book Review
   July 2, 1950, page 9:  "Dianetics" reviewed (unfavorably) by Dr. Rollo May
   August 6, 1950, page 22: Letters to the editor from L. Ron Hubbard and
      Dr. Schuman, and reply by Rollo May

Newsweek
   August 21, 1950, page 85:
      Best seller (about the success of the book "Dianetics")
   October 16, 1950, page 58:
      Poor man's psychoanalysis (Dianetics denounced by Dr. Morris Fishbein)
   August 26, 1968, page 6
      A farewell to Scientology?  ("Where are they now" column: about
      the UK's ban on visiting Scientologists, and LRH living on a ship)

Parents magazine, June 1969, pages 48-49, 82-86
   The dangerous new cult of Scientology, by Arlene and Howard Eisenberg
   This may be the first article ever that reported the quote from LRH,
      "If you really want to make a million, the quickest way is
       to start your own religion"
   The article gives as its source Sam Moscowitz [sic], who claims LRH made
      the statement at a 1948(?) Eastern Science-Fiction Association convention
      in Newark, New Jersey.

Postgraduate Medicine, October? 1950
   Editorial by Dr. Morris Fishbein denouncing dianetics.  (I haven't yet 
      tracked this one down.)

Punch (UK), August 14, 1968, page 230: 
   Science - falsely so-called, by Quentin Hogg. 
   Questions UK government treatment of Scientologists.

Psychological Newsletter, volume 10, 1959, pages 131-134:
   An experimental investigation of Hubbard's engram hypothesis (dianetics)
   by Jack Fox, Alvin E. Davis, and B. Lebovits.  This study was done with
   the cooperation of the Dianetic Research Foundation in Los Angeles.
   A subject was knocked out with sodium pentothal and read a 35-word passage
   from a physics text while receiving pain, in an attempt to create an engram.
   Subsequent auditing failed to retrieve any of the contents of that text.
  (Note: this publication was subsequently renamed 
   "Journal of Psychological Studies"
   and may be indexed that way in your library catalog.)

Publisher's Weekly
   June 17, 1950, page 2627:
      At American Bookseller's Association convention, Dr. Fredric Wertheim
      denounces Dianetics as "neither a good book nor a hoax," but a "harmful
      mixture of science and science fiction".
   July 15, 1950, pages 200:
      Report on New York Science Fiction convention of July 1-3, which found
      SF fans divided about Dianetics.  The publication "Science Fiction
      Newsletter" demanded that _Astounding Science Fiction_ fire Campbell for
      publishing Hubbard's "Dianetics" article
   July 15, 1950, page 214:
      report on sales of the Dianetics book
   September 16, 1950 page 1124:
      Psychologists hit "Dianetics"; new title due this winter
   September 2, 1968, page 61:
      "Dianetics" released in paperback
   
Saturday Evening Post, March 21, 1964, pages 81-85:
   Have you ever been a boo-hoo? by James Phelan, who interviewed LRH
      at Saint Hill Manor

Science Digest: October 1950, pages 45-46:
   What about dianetics?  (question & answer column)

Scientific American, January 1951, pages 57-58:
   unfavorable book review of "Dianetics"

The Spectator (UK), August 16, 1968, pages 217-18
   Scientology under the microscope
      (cover editorial: asks UK government to start an inquiry)

The Sunday Times (London, UK):
   July 25, 1968
   August 8, 1968 page 2
   August 25, 1968 page 3
   February 2, 1969
   August 10, 1969
   November 17, 1969
   October 5, 1969
   December 28, 1969

Time magazine:
   July 24, 1950  page 64, 67:
      Of two minds (all about "Dianetics")
   August 14, 1950, pages 2 & 4:
      letter to the editor from LRH -- suprisingly modest!
   September 3, 1951  page 51: 
      Departure in dianetics 
      (Dr. Joseph Winter breaks ties with LRH, publishes his own book)
   December 22, 1952  page 34:
      Remember Venus?  (LRH introduces the word "scientology", the E-meter,
      and the idea of past-life engrams, possibly on other planets)
   August 23, 1968 page 40:
      Meddling with minds (Scientology's troubles with the UK government)
   February 14, 1969 pages 76 & 79:
      Victory for the Scientologists (U.S. federal court orders FDA
      to return confiscated E-meters)

Today's Health, December 1968, pages 34-39:
   Scientology -- Menace to Mental Health, by Ralph Lee Smith
   This magazine is published by the American Medical Association, and
      I think that Scientology sued the AMA over this article.

Training School Bulletin, January 1951, pages 220-229:
   A critique of the evolution of dianetics, by Parker Davis, Ph.D.
   This journal is published by The Training School at Vineland, New Jersey
   and publishes articles "dealing with all aspects of mental retardation".
   They published this one because LRH's Dianetics claims that "a large
   proportion of allegedly feebleminded children are actually
   attempted-abortion cases" whose mental growth is inhibited by "engrams"

Wall Street Journal:
   August 21, 1968, page 1, column 5 (Tax Report)
   July  30, 1969, page 1, column 5 (Tax Report)
      Both short articles about Scientology being denied a tax exemption,
      because it is too commercial and is operated for the private profit
      of its founder (LRH), his family, and others.


 ---

3 Jun 1995 cultxpt@primenet.com (Jeff Jacobsen):
Behavioral Sciences and the Law, Vol. 10, 103-116 (1992) has an article
called "Scientology and its 'Clear' Business" by Nikos Passas, Ph.D. and
Manuel Escamilla Castillo, Ph.D.  It looks pretty interesting and its
main point is that Scientology is a "successful commercial enterprise"
rather than a religion.

 ---

4 Jun 1995 Ron Newman <rnewman@mit.edu>: a database search turned up:

   AUTHOR: Van Vogt, A. E. (Alfred Elton), 1912-
    TITLE: Lectures on effort processing;
           a transcription of a course given to the Phoenix Dianetics Group,
           Nov. 15-19, 1951,
    PLACE: Phoenix,
PUBLISHER: Psychological Research Foundation,
     YEAR: 1951
 PUB TYPE: Book
   FORMAT: 39l.
    NOTES: Typescript.
  SUBJECT: Dianetics.
    OTHER: Effort processing.


   AUTHOR: Dianetics Study Group (London)
    TITLE: A brief symposium by four psychotherapists and a scientist giving
           an outline of dianetics including the latest developments /
alt-title: An outline of dianetics, including the latest developments :
           a brief symposium by four psychotherapists and a scientist.
    PLACE: [London :
PUBLISHER: Dianetics Study Group (London)
     YEAR: 1952, 1953
 PUB TYPE: Book
    NOTES: Cover title.
           Introduction / R.G. Miles -- The original basis of dianetics / by
           Denis O'Connell -- A summary of the latest developments in
           dianetic therapy / by Jean Kollerstrom -- A psychotherapist
           comments on dianetics / by Oscar Kollerstrom -- Some therapeutic
           results of dianetics / by George Hay -- The psychometric
           evaluation of dianetics / by Richard Benjamin.
  SUBJECT: Psychotherapy
           Psychological Theory
           Psychology, Experimental
    OTHER: Dianetics Study Group (London).
           An outline of dianetics
   FORMAT: 20 p. : ill. ; 19 cm.


   AUTHOR: Dianetics Conference ( 1951 June 25-30 : Wichita, Kansas)
    TITLE: Dianetics conference report /
    PLACE: Phoenix, Arizona :
PUBLISHER: Gordon Beckstead,
     YEAR: 1951
 PUB TYPE: Book
   FORMAT: 44 p. ; 28 cm.
  SUBJECT: Dianetics -- Congresses.
    OTHER: Beckstead, Gordon.


    TITLE: The Bulletin :
           a quarterly report from the Dianetic Research Foundation.
    PLACE: Witchita, Kan. :
PUBLISHER: Dianetic Research Foundation, Inc.,
     YEAR: 1953 9999
 PUB TYPE: Serial
   FORMAT: v.
FREQUENCY: Quarterly
NUMBERING: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Sept. 1953)-
    NOTES: Title from cover.
ALT TITLE: Bulletin (Dianetic Research Foundation)
    OTHER: Dianetic Research Foundation.


   AUTHOR: Powers, William T.
    TITLE: Logical development of dianetics,
    PLACE: Chicago, Ill.,
PUBLISHER: Dianetic Processing & Research Foundation
     YEAR: 1951
 PUB TYPE: Book
   FORMAT: 37 p. 31 cm.
  SUBJECT: Dianetics.


   AUTHOR: Faunce, William Ervin.
    TITLE: Dianetics: a theory, therapeutic process, and social movement.
     YEAR: 1951
 PUB TYPE: Book
   FORMAT: 104 l. 28 cm.
    NOTES: Thesis (M.A.)--Wayne University, Dept. of Sociology and
           Anthropology.
           Bibliography: l. [96]-99.


   AUTHOR: Lent, Constantin Paul, 1909-
    TITLE: Psychonetics, a neo-psychiatry;
           dianetics and psychotherapy [sic].
  EDITION: [1st ed.]
    PLACE: New York,
PUBLISHER: Pen-Ink Pub. Co.
     YEAR: 1954
 PUB TYPE: Book
   FORMAT: 128 p.
  SUBJECT: Psychotherapy.


   AUTHOR: De Mille, Richard, 1922-
    TITLE: Introduction to scientology;
           an introductory survey and evaluation of thirty years' work in
           the field of human thought by L. Ron Hubbard, C. E., PH. D., D.
           SCN., with special attention to technical publications dealing
           with dianetics and scientology.
    PLACE: Los Angeles,
PUBLISHER: Scientology Council
     YEAR: 1953
 PUB TYPE: Book
   FORMAT: 116 l. 28 cm.
    NOTES: Includes bibliography.
  SUBJECT: Hubbard, L. Ron -- (La Fayette Ron), -- 1911-
    OTHER: Scientology.


   AUTHOR: Colbert, John
    TITLE: An evaluation of dianetic therapy
     YEAR: 1951
    NOTES: Thesis (M.S.), City College of New York

 ---

10 Jun 1995 slitvin-@uceng.uc.edu (Sharon B Litvin-Schramm):
May I suggest reading the chapter on psi in *How We Know What Isn't So*
by Thomas Gilovich (The Free Press,1991)?  The whole book is highly
recommended.

 ---

31 Jul 1995 luvalle@primenet.com (jam):

                       _Captive Hearts, Captive Minds
      Freedom and Recovery from Cults and Abusive Relationships_
                           by M. Tobias and J. Lalich

               _Belief Systems and Your Personal Power_
                                  Alice Vieira, Ph.D.

 ---

09 Aug 1995 rnewman@cybercom.net (Ron Newman):
check out William Sims Bainbridge's
book chapter "Science and Religion: The Case of Scientology" in
the book _The Future of New Religious Movements_ (ed. David Bromley
and Phillip Hammond, 1987).


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-- 
Don    D.C.Lindsay	University of Colorado-Boulder Computer Science

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