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Phonetic alphabets (Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta) (February 2007)


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Phonetic Alphabets (Alpha Bravo etc)
February 2007

See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
There is a widely known alphabet Alpha Bravo ... Yankee Zulu.
Such alphabets, used for spelling things out over voice
links, are variously known as phonetic/radio/spelling/
telephone alphabets, and the term analogy alphabet is also
used. This collection currently includes alphabets for the
following languages:

     English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese,
     Italian, Romansh, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish,
     Czech, Slovak, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian,
     Serbo-Croat, Slovenian, Greek, Romanian, Turkish,
     Hebrew, Russian, Ukrainian, Swahili, Kwanyama, Ndonga,
     Afrikaans, Chinese and Esperanto.

There is also some information about Morse code and
phonetics for digits.

This posting supersedes the one of 18 November 2002. New
this time: another Hungarian alphabet, and Morse code
mnemonics for Spanish and Czech.

My thanks to the many contributors, not all of whom are
acknowledged below. Particular thanks to Gwillim Law
for numerous contributions and for looking after posting
for a while.

Please report any errors. I will be glad to receive new
material; further references; anecdotes; whatever.

A Web copy of this article, together with some further
material, can be found at:

<http://www.bckelk.uklinux.net/menu.html>

There is also a copy of the article at:

<http://www.w2aee.columbia.edu/phonetic.html>

Editorial comments are in square brackets [].

                        Brian Kelk
                        18 February 2007


***** ENGLISH *****

The NATO phonetic alphabet:

Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India
Juliet Kilo Lima Mike November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo
Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Whiskey Xray Yankee Zulu

[This alphabet dates from about 1955 and is approved by the
 International Civil Aviation Organization, the FAA and the
 International Telecommunication Union; note that different
 bodies prefer different spellings, so one also sees:
 Alfa Juliett Juliette Oskar Viktor]

[The alphabet above is from the Cambridge Encyclopedia of
 Language. An alphabet with Alfa X-ray can be found in The
 U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military Terms.
 Alfa Juliett X-ray, which is the ICAO version, appears in
 A Concise Dictionary Of Slang And Unconventional English
 and also two Langenscheidt dictionaries]

[There is one report of UK police using Indigo instead
 of India.
 German army handbook 90/91: Alfa Foxtrott Juliett.
 Italian version: Alfa Charly FoxTrot Giuliet Romio Wiskey.
 An Indonesian phrase book: Beta Ultra Volvo Whisky X-ray.
 A precursor of the present alphabet (1952?) had: Alfa Coca
 Metro Nectar Siera Union Whisky Extra]


Phonetics for digits (from an amateur radio FAQ):

  zero one two tree fower fife six seven eight niner

From the Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language:

  zero wun too tree fower fife six seven ait niner

Atlantic City ITU convention 1947:

  Nadazero     NAH-DAH-ZAY-ROH
  Unaone       OO-NAH-WUN
  Bissotwo     BEES-SOH-TOO
  Terrathree   TAY-RAH-TREE
  Kartefour    KAR-TAY-FOWER
  Pantafive    PAN-TAH-FIVE
  Soxisix      SOK-SEE-SIX
  Setteseven   SAY-TAY-SEVEN
  Oktoeight    OK-TOH-AIT
  Novenine     NO-VAY-NINER


'Telecom B':

[Note similarity to Apples Butter Charlie]

Alfred Benjamin Charles David Edward Frederick George Harry
Isaac Jack King London Mary Nellie Oliver Peter Queen Robert
Samuel Tommy Uncle Victor William Xray Yellow Zebra

[Found also in Swedish, Dutch, Hungarian telephone
 directories. An 'analogy alphabet' in a Kenyan directory
 has Charlie and no Y. A Swiss directory: Andrew Charlie
 Lussy Queenie Sugar. French/German vocabulary books: Andrew
 Charlie Lucy Mike Nelly Sugar Xmas. English phrase books
 for Spanish/Italian speakers: Charlie. A 'British English'
 alphabet in a Langenscheidt dictionary: Andrew Charlie Lucy
 Queenie Sugar Xmas. Norwegian dictionary: Andrew Charlie
 Lucy Sugar Victory Xerxes. Collins Polish dictionary:
 Andrew Charlie Lucy Sugar Xmas]

[Used as an English alphabet by telephone operators in
 Israel]


'British A':

Amsterdam Baltimore Casablanca Denmark Edison Florida
Gallipoli Havana Italia Jerusalem Kilogramme Liverpool
Madagascar New_York Oslo Paris Quebec Roma Santiago Tripoli
Uppsala Valencia Washington Xantippe Yokohama Zurich

[An 'international' alphabet in a Dutch telephone directory
 has: Danemark. A 'French' alphabet in a Hungarian directory
 has: Cassablanka Danemark Que'bec Upsala Zu"rich.
 An 'international' alphabet in a business book for French
 has: Italy Kilogram Zu"rich; the corresponding book for
 German has: Italy Kilogram Xanthippe Zu"rich.
 An 'international' alphabet in a Langenscheidt dictionary:
 Danemark Madagaskar Que'bec Upsala Xanthippe Zu"rich.
 An 'international' alphabet in a Larousse business book:
 Danemark Je'rusalem Que'bec Xanthippe]

[West Berlin telephone directory 1965: Danemark Je'rusalem
 Madagaskar Que'bec Upsala Xanthippe Zu"rich.
 Santa Fe (Argentina) 1955: Dinamarca Habana Jerusale'n
 Kilogramo Nueva_York N~andubay Upsala Wa'shington Xantipo
 Yokoama.
 Azores 1966: Danemark Ita'lia Jerusale'm New-York Que'bec
 Upsala Yokoham]

[Used as a French alphabet by telephone operators in Israel]


Bombay telephone directory 1962 (also a later source):

Army Brother Cinema Doctor English Father Gold Hotel India
Jam King Lady Mother Navy Orange Paper Queen Raja Sister
Table Uncle Victory Water X-ray Yellow Zero


Kenyan and Tanzanian telephone directories 1966:

Africa Bombay Charlie Durban England Freddie George Harry
India Japan Kenya London Mombasa Nairobi Orange Peter Queen
Robert Sugar Tanga Uganda Victory William X-Ray Yellow
Zanzibar


Johannesburg telephone directory 1965:

[Note similarity to Alfred Benjamin]

Arthur Betty Charlie David Edward Frederick George Harry
Isaac Jane Kate Lucy Mary Nellie Olive Peter Queen Robert
Simon Thomas Union Violet William X-Ray York Zero


Malayan telephone directory 1964:

Australia Bombay China Denmark England Fiji Ghana Hongkong
India Japan Kedah London Malacca Norway Osaka Penang
Queensland Russia Singapore Turkey Uganda Victoria Wales
X'Ray Yokohama Zanzibar


Used by police in New York City:

[Note similarity to ARRL and Western Union]

Adam Boy Charlie David Edward Frank George Henry Ida John
King Lincoln Mary Nora Ocean Peter Queen Robert Sam Tom
Union Victor William X-ray Young Zebra

[Variants: Eddie Larry Nancy Thomas Yankee Yellow]


Used by police in Nassau County, Long Island, New York:

Adam Boston Chicago Denver Edward Frank George Henry Ida
John King Lincoln Mary Nancy Ocean Peter Queen Robert Sam
Thomas Union Victor William X-ray Young Zebra


Used by police in San Diego, California:

Adam Boy Charles David Edward Frank George Henry Ida John
King Lincoln Mary Nora Ocean Paul Queen Robert Sam Tom Unit
Victor William Xray Yellow Zebra


Used by police in Hutchinson, Kansas:

Adam Boy Charles David Edward Frank George Henry Ida John
King Lincoln Mary Nora Ocean Paul (Q) Robert Sam Tom Union
Victor William X-ray Yankee Zebra


Alternative phonetics sometimes used unofficially in amateur
radio:

America Boston Canada Denmark England France Germany
Honolulu Japan Kilowatt London Mexico Norway Ontario/Ocean
Pacific Radio Santiago/Spain Tokyo United Victoria
Washington Yokohama Zanzibar

[Also: Amsterdam, Baltimore, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Finland,
 Geneva, Greece, Guatemala, Hawaii, Italy, Kentucky, King,
 Luxembourg, Montreal, Nicaragua, Portugal, Romania, Russia,
 Sweden, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela]


The ARRL (American Radio Relay League) alphabet (1948):

[Note similarity to Western Union and Able Baker]

Adam Baker Charlie David Edward Frank George Henry Ida John
king Lewis Mary Nancy Otto Peter queen Robert Susan Thomas
union Victor William x-ray young zebra

[Nowadays the ARRL endorses the NATO/ICAO/ITU alphabet]


Pre-1954 U.S. Navy Radio Alphabet:

(Communications Handbook, 1945)

[Note similarity to Able Buy Cast]

Able Baker Charlie Dog Easy Fox George How Item Jig King
Love Mike Nan Oboe Peter Queen Roger Sugar Tare Uncle Victor
William X-ray Yoke Zebra

[formerly used by IBM engineers for hex digits and pin
 positions; still used at at least one site]

Same alphabet:

- British forces 1952
- "Used by Armed services of USA & GB" (ARRL Handbook, 1945)
- "The Complete Morse Instructor..." (1944)

'Allied Services 1945': Edward Tape

RAF 1943-56: Able-Afirm Item/Interrogatory Jig/Johnny
             Nab/Negat Peter/Prep

U.S. Army/Navy 1941: Sail

Used in Thailand: Billy Jack

[In similar alphabets: affirm, cast, hypo, inter, negat,
 option, over, prep]


RAF 1942-43:

Apple Beer Charlie Dog Edward Freddy George Harry In
Jug/Johnny King Love Mother Nuts Orange Peter Queen
Roger/Robert Suga Tommy Uncle Vic William X-ray Yoke/Yorker
Zebra

[cf. aircraft in Dambusters raid: A-Apple B-Baker C-Charlie
 E-Easy F-Freddie G-George H-Harry J-Johnny K-King L-Leather
 (officially L-London) M-Mother N-Nuts O-Orange P-Popsie
 S-Sugar T-Tommy W-Willie Y-York Z-Zebra]


U.S. Navy 1940:

Affirmative Baker Cast Dog Easy Fox George Hypo
Interrogatory Jig King Love Mike Negative Option Preparatory
Queen Roger Sail Tare Unit Victor William Xray Yoke Zed


Western Union:

Adams Boston Chicago Denver Easy Frank George Henry Ida John
King Lincoln Mary New_York Ocean Peter Queen Roger Sugar
Thomas Union Victor William X-ray Young Zero


British Army 1927:

Ack Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddy George Harry Ink Johnnie
King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert Sugar Toc
Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra


RAF 1924-42:

Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink Johnnie
King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert Sugar Toc
Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra


Royal Navy 1917:

Apples Butter Charlie Duff Edward Freddy George Harry Ink
Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pudding Queenie
Robert Sugar Tommy Uncle Vinegar Willie Xerxes Yellow Zebra

[Wrens at Bletchley Park: Apple James Kenneth(?) Oliver
 Peter Quagga Unicorn William Xray]


U.S. Army 1916:

Able Buy Cast Dock Easy Fox George Have Item Jig King Love
Mike Nap Opal Pup Quack Rush Sail Tape Unit Vice Watch X-ray
Yoke Zed


British 1914, perhaps Post Office approved:

Apple Brother Charlie Dover Eastern Father George Harry
India Jack King London Mother November October Peter Queen
Robert Sugar Thomas Uncle Victoria Wednesday Xmas Yellow
Zebra


British forces 1904:

Ack Beer C D E F G H I J K L Emma N O Pip Q R Esses Toc U
Vic W X Y Z

[The OED has a reference for Beer and Emma dated 1891]


***** FRENCH *****

[style: A comme Anatole]

Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang <erikt@let.rug.nl>

anatole bernard c'ecile denise 'emile fran5cois g'erard
henri isidore jean kl'eber louis marcel nicole oscar pierre
quital robert suzanne th'er`ese ursule victor wagon xavier
yvonne zo'e


Contributor: Rudolf Lais <chibm5hp@ibmmail.com>

(Swiss telephone directory 1993)

Anna Berthe Ce'cile Daniel Emile Franc,ois Gustave Henri Ida
Jeanne Kilo Louise Marie Nicolas Olga Paul Quittance Robert
Suzanne The're`se Ulysse Victor William Xavier Yvonne Zurich

[also Geneva directory 1966]
[Larousse business book: Anne E'mile]


(OUP vocabulary book)

Anatole Berthe Ce'sar De'sire' Euge`ne E'mile Franc,ois
Gaston Henri Irma Joseph Kle'ber Louis Marcel Nicolas Oscar
Pierre Que'bec Robert Suzanne The're`se Ursule Victor
William Xavier Yvonne Zoe'


(Langenscheidt phrase book)

Anatole Berthe Ce'sar De'sire' Emile Franc,ois Gaston Henri
Isidore Jean Kle'ber Louis Marie Nicolas Oscar Paul Que'bec
Robert Suzanne The'odore Ursule Victor Wagon Xavier Yvonne
Zoe'


(Larousse business book)

Arthur Bruxelles Caroline De'sire' E'mile Fre'de'ric Gustave
Henri Isidore Joseph Kilogramme Le'opold Marie Napole'on
Oscar Piano Quie'vrain Robert Suzanne Te'le'phone Ursule
Victor Waterloo Xavier Yvonne Ze'ro

[Belgian versions: Caesar Fre'de'rique kilogram Sophie
                   Ce'sar Emile Simon Xanthippe]
[Note: there are some parallel French/Dutch alphabets for
 use in Belgium]


(Berlitz and AA phrase books; Larousse business book)

Anatole Berthe Ce'lestin De'sire' Euge`ne Franc,ois Gaston
Henri Irma Joseph Kle'ber Louis Marcel Nicolas Oscar Pierre
Quintal Raoul Suzanne The're`se Ursule Victor William Xavier
Yvonne Zoe'

[with the addition of E'mile for e-acute this is the
 official Post Office alphabet]


Similar alphabets:

Collins vocabulary book
 and dictionary:           Bertha
business book:             E'mile
Cassel business book,
 Van Dale dictionary:      Zoe"
BBC business book:         Emile (for e-acute) Nicholas
telephone French book:     Rene'
Collins phrase books:      Victor/Viktor
Pitman business book:      E'mile (for e-acute)
(also Langenscheidt dictionary, Longman business
 book and Loire-Atlantique telephone directory 1966)


***** GERMAN *****

[style: A wie Anton]
[some alphabets have phonetics for umlauts, ch, sch, ss]

Contributor: Hermann Schumacher <hschu@ebs.e-technik.uni-ulm.de>

(official alphabet for emergency services,
 from "KatS-Dv 810 - Sprechfunkdienst", 1977)

Anton Berta C"asar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
Ypsilon Zacharias

"Arger  Charlotte  "Okonom  Schule  "Ubermut

[also Langenscheidt Standard German Dictionary 1993,
 AA phrase book and West Berlin telephone directory 1965]
[Collins dictionary and grammar: similar but Bertha
 Peter/Paula]


Contributor: mrosa@eso.org (Michael Rosa)

Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Karl Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle Richard
Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe Ypsilon
Zeppelin

A"rger  O"dipus  U"bel

More recent replacements:  Konrad Zacharias


Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang <erikt@let.rug.nl>

anton bertha c"asar dora emil friederich gustav heinrich ida
julius kaufmann ludwig martha nordpol otto paula quelle
richard samuel theodor ulrich viktor wilhelm xanthippe
ypsilon zacharias

"arger  charlotte  "okonom  schule  "ubermut


Contributor: Rudolf Lais <chibm5hp@ibmmail.com>

(Swiss telephone directory 1993)

Anna Bertha Ca"sar Daniel Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Jakob Kaiser Leopold Marie Niklaus Otto Peter Quelle Rosa
Sophie Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver Yverdon Zu"rich

[also Geneva directory 1966]


Contributor: Christof A Neumann <neumann@informatik.tu-muenchen.de>

(issued by Deutsche Bundespost)

Anton Bertha Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Jakob Konrad Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle Richard
Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xantippe Ypsilon
Zeppelin

Schule


Contributor: Steve Dunham <dunham@gdl.msu.edu>

Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Johann Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula quer
Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver
Ypsilon Zeppelin

Eszett


(OUP vocabulary book)

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Konrad Ludwig Martin Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanten
Ypsilon Zeppelin

A"rger  O"konom  U"bel


(Collins vocabulary book)

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Jerusalem Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
Ypsilon Zacharias


(Cassel business book)

Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
Ypsilon Zacharias

A"rger  O"konom  Schule  U"bel


(BBC business book)   "standard phone alphabet"

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Siegfried/Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm
Xanthippe Ypsilon Zeppelin/Zacharias

A"rger  Charlotte  O"konom  Schule  U"bermut


(BBC business book)

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
Ypsilon Zeppelin

A"rger  O"konom  scharfes_s  Schule  U"bermut


(Berlitz phrase book)

Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
Ypsilon Zacharias

A"rger  Charlotte  O"konom  Schule  U"bel


(Austrian telephone directory)

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Konrad Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver
Ypsilon Zu"rich

A"rger  O"sterreich  scharfes_S  Schule  U"bel


(Collins phrase book)

Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Konrad Ludwig Martin Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Victor Wilhelm Xanten
Zeppelin

Eszett


Contributor: Gwillim Law <gwil@mindspring.com>

(Vienna telephone directory)

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Konrad Ludwig Martha Norbert Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver
Ypsilon Zacharias

A"rger  Christine  O"sterreich  U"bel


(BBC language book)

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Victor Wilhelm Xanthippe
Ypsilon Zeppelin


(Hugo business book)

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paris Quelle
Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xantippe
Ypsilon Zacharias

A"rger  Charlotte  O"konom  U"bermut


(Langenscheidt phrase book)

Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Georg Heinrich Ida
Johann Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver Ypsilon
Zeppelin

A"rger  O"konom  U"bermut


Second World War alphabet (from a former Web page):

Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
Josef Konrad/Kurfurst Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula
Quelle Richard Siegfried Toni Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xantippe
Ypern Zeppelin

(B-Bruno and F-Fritz were used in aircraft designations.)


Contributor: Anno Siegel <anno4000@w172zrz.zrz.TU-Berlin.DE>

Morse code mnemonics (syllable with 'o' means dash)

Arno Borvaselin Coburg-Gotha Doria Ernst Friedrichsroda
Gomorrha Herrenzimmer Ida Jawohl_Odol Kolberg_Ost Leonidas
Motor Nora Oekonom Per_Motorrad Quohnsdorf_bei_Forst
Revolver Sabine Tod Uniform Verbrennungstod Weltnordpol
Xolabaphon York_Yellowstone Zoroaster

oe      Oekonomie
ue      Ueberkonto


***** DUTCH *****

[style: A van Anna]

Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang <erikt@let.rug.nl>

anna bernhard cornelis dirk eduard ferdinand gerard hendrik
izaak jan karel lodewijk marie nico otto pieter quotient
rudolf simon teunis utrecht victor willem xantippe
ij: ijmuiden ypsilon zaandam

[Berlitz phrase book: bernard quadraat]

More recently: Anton Jacob Leopold (Lodewijk) Maria Theodoor
IJsbrand (IJmuiden)


(Collins phrase book)

Amsterdam Bravo Charlie Dirk Edam Freddie goed help Isaac
Jaap kilo lasso moeder Nico Otto paard Quaker Rudolf suiker
tafel uur vogel wind xylofoon Yankee zout


Contributor: Koen de Troij <kdt@stockholm.mail.telia.com>

(Van Dale French-Dutch dictionary)

Anna Bernhard Cornelis Dirk Eduard Ferdinand Gerard Hendrik
Isaak Jan Karel Lodewijk Marie Nico Otto Pieter Quebec
Richard Simon Theodoor Utrecht Victor Willem Xantippe
Ysbrand Zeeland

[Van Dale Dutch-Swedish dictionary: Anton Izaa"k ypsilon]
[Dutch dictionary: Bernard Maria quotie"nt Rudolf Teunis
 IJmuiden ypsilon Zaandam]


Belgian (Flemish) alphabets:

[Note: there are some parallel French/Dutch alphabets for
 use in Belgium]

Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang <erikt@let.rug.nl>

arthur brussel carolina desire emiel frederik gustaaf
hendrik isidoor jozef kilogram leopold maria napoleon oscar
piano qualite robert sofie telefoon ursula victor waterloo
xavier yvonne zola

[Dutch dictionary: De'sire' Quie'vrain Suzanna Xaverius zero]
[Another source:   Ce'sar De'sire' Quie'vrain Zero]


Contributor: Koen de Troij <kdt@stockholm.mail.telia.com>

(Van Dale French-Dutch dictionary)

Anna Bernhard Cornelis Dirk Emil Frederik Gustaaf Hendrik
Isidoor Josef kilogram Leopold Maria Napoleon Oscar piano
Quie'vrain Robert Simon telefoon Ursula Victor Waterloo
Xantippe Yvonne zero


***** SPANISH *****

[style: A de Antonio]
[some alphabets have phonetics for ch, ll, n~, rr]

(BBC business book, Collins and Berlitz phrase books)

Antonio Barcelona Carmen Chocolate Dolores Enrique Francia
Gerona Historia Ine's Jose' Kilo Lorenzo Llobregat Madrid
Navarra N~on~o Oviedo Pari's Querido Ramo'n Sa'bado
Tarragona Ulises Valencia Washington Xiquena Yegua Zaragoza

[An AA phrase book has "i griega" for Y]
[Collins dictionary and grammar: similar but Ine's/Israel
 Querido/Quebec Ulises/Uruguay]


Contributor: Paul Driessen <pdr@intis.nl>

(used in ministries in Madrid in the 1960s)

Alicante Bilbao Ca'diz Dinamarca Espan~a Francia Girona
Huelva Italia Jae'n Kilo Lugo LLamar Madrid Navarra Oviedo
Portugal Queso Roma EreDoble Sevilla Toledo U'nico Valencia
UveDoble equis Yugoslavia Zaragoza


(business book)   "The telephonist's alphabet"

Antonio Barcelona Carmen Domingo Espan~a/Enrique Francia
Gerona Historia Italia/i_latina Jose'/Jaen Kilo Le'rida
Llave Madrid Navarra N~ando Oviedo Portugal/Pari's Queso
Ramo'n/Roma Sevilla Tarragona/Toledo Ursula/Ubeda Valencia
Washington Xilofo'n Yegua Zaragoza


(Langenscheidt phrase book)

Antonio Bogota' Carmen Chocolate Dora Enrique Francisco
Gibraltar Historia Ine's Jose' Kilo Lorenzo Llobregat
Me'xico Nicaragua N~on~o Oce'ano Paraguay Querido Ramo'n
Sa'bado Toma's Ulises Venezuela Washington Xiquena Yegua
Zaragoza


(Berlitz phrase book)   [Latin American]

Amalia Beatriz Carmen Domingo Enrique Federico Guatemala
Honduras Ida Jose' Kilo Lima Llave Me'xico Nicaragua N~on~o
Olimpo Pablo Quito Rafael Santiago Teresa Uruguay Venezuela
Washington Xilo'fono Yucata'n Zorro


(AA phrase book)   [Latin American]

Ana bueno Carlos chocolate dedo Eduardo Francia gato
historia Ine's Jose' Kilo Luis Llanes Madrid Norma n~on~o
Omar Pedro querido Ramo'n sa'bado Teresa Ulises Victor
Washington Xiquena i_griega Zaragoza


Contributor: "Francisco Andragnes" <fa93@columbia.edu>

(used in Argentina)

Alicia Beatriz Carolina Dorotea Eva Federico Guillermina
Hombre Ines Josefina Kilo Lola Doble_Lola Maria Natalia
N~andu Ofelia Pandora Quintana Rosa Sara Teresa Ursula
Veronica Washington Xilofon Yolanda Zapato


Contributor: "Nathan Levy" <Nathan.Levy@satmex.com>

Morse code mnemonics (syllable with 'o' means dash)
(used by Scouts in Mexico)

Asno Bobadilla Corazones Chocolongo Dozena El Fumarola
Gorrones Himalaya Ibis Jabonoso Kopeco Limonada Moro Nogal
Oporto Pelotones Qocolizo Revolver Sardina Tos Unico
Ventilador Wagogo Xochimilco Yodicoso Zocoyula


***** PORTUGUESE *****

[style: A de/como Aviero]

(Berlitz phrase book)

Aveiro Braga Coimbra Dafundo E'vora Faro Guarda Horta
Ita'lia Jose' Kodak Lisboa Maria Nazare' Ovar Porto Queluz
Rossio Setu'bal Tavira Unidade Vidago Waldemar Xavier York
Zulmira

[Azores telephone directory 1966: Braganc,a Kilograma
 Wilson]


(Collins phrase books)

Alexandre Banana/Bastos Carlos Daniel Eduardo Franc,a
Gabriel Holanda Ita'lia Jose' Lisboa Maria Nicolau O'scar
Paris Quarto Ricardo Susana Teresa Ulisses Venezuela Xangai
Zebra


(AA phrase book)

Ame'rica Bernardo Colo'nia Dinamarca Espanha Franc,a Gre'cia
Holanda Irlanda Japa~o Kremlin Londres Madrid Na'poles Oslo
Portugal Quilo Ru'ssia Sue'cia Turquia Uruguai Vito'ria
Washington Xangai Zurique


(Collins dictionary)

Anto^nio Beatriz Carlos dado Eliane Francisco Gomes Henrique
Irene Jose' Ka'tia Lu'cia Maria Nair Osvaldo Pedro
Quintela/Quinteta Roberto Sandra Tereza U'rsula Vera William
Xavier Yolanda Zebra


***** ITALIAN *****

[style: A come Ancona]
[cappa properly refers to Latin K, kappa to Greek]

Contributor: ebuie@sed.csc.com     (Elizabeth Buie)
             ebuie@starlab.csc.com

Ancona, Bologna, Como, Domodossola, Empoli, Firenze, Genova,
Hacca, Imola, Jolly, Kappa, Livorno, Milano, Napoli,
Otranto, Pisa/Palermo, Quartomiglio, Roma, Savona/Siena,
Torino, Udine, Venezia, Wagner, Xilofono, York, Zara

[Hacca should be Acca]


Contributor: Rudolf Lais <chibm5hp@ibmmail.com>

(Swiss telephone directory 1993)

Anna Battista Carlo Davide Ernesto Federico Giovanni acca
Isidoro i_lungo cappa Luigi Maria Nicola Olga Pietro
Quintino Rodolfo Susanna Teresa Umberto Vittorio vu_doppia
ics ipsilon Zurigo

[also Geneva directory 1966]


(Cassel language book)

Ancona Bologna Cagliari Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova
Hotel Imola Jolly Kappa Londra Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo
Quarto Roma Sondrio Torino Udine Vicenza Vdoppio X
Yugoslavia Zagabria


(Cassel business book, Collins dictionary)

Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
Imola I_lunga Kursaal Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Padova
Quarto Roma Savona Torino Udine Venezia Washington Ics
York/yacht Zara

[AA phrase book: Jersey Xeres]
[Collins dictionary: Jersey Taranto Xeres Yacht]
[OUP dictionary: jolly Palermo Salerno/Sondrio xeres York]


(BBC language book)

Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
Imola Jersey Kilo Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo
Quaderno Roma Savona Torino Udine Venezia Washington ics
York Zurigo


Contributor: Salvatore Innaimi <MC1612@mclink.it>

Ancona Bari Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Acca
Imola Jolly Cappa Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo
Quartomiglio Roma Siena Torino Udine Venezia Walter Ics York
Zurigo


(Berlitz phrase book)

Ancona Bari Catania Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
Imperia i_lunga kappa Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo
cu Roma Sassari Torino Udine Venezia v_doppia ix i_greca
zeta


(Collins phrase book)

Ancona Bari Catania Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
Imperia Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo quarto Roma
Savona Torino Udine Venezia


(Collins phrase book)

Ancona Bari Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
Imola Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo Quarto Roma
Savona Torino Udine Venezia Zara


(Pitman business book)

Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze/Forli` Genova
(acca) Imola (i_lunga) (cappa) Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto
Palermo (cu) Roma Savona Torino Udine Venezia Washington
(ics) (ipsilon) Zara


(Berlitz business book)

Ancona Bari Catania Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
Imola Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo Quarto Roma
Sassari Torino Udine Venezia


(Langenscheidt phrase book)

Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Forli` Genova Hotel
Imola Jolanda cappa Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Pisa
Quattro Roma Salerno Torino Udine Venezia Washington ics
ypsilon zeta


(Routledge grammar book)

Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova hotel
Imola i_lungo/Jolly cappa/Kennedy Livorno Milano Napoli
Otranto Palermo cu/quaranta/Quarto Roma Salerno Torino Udine
Venezia Washington ics ipsilon zeta/Zara


***** ROMANSH *****

[also spelt Rumansh]

Contributor: Rudolf Lais <chibm5hp@ibmmail.com>

(Swiss telephone directory)

Anna Berta Carla Dora Emil Flurin Guido Hugo Ida Judit Kilo
Luisa Maria Nesa Otto Paula Quirin Rita Silvia Toni Ursin
Victor Willi Xaver Yvonne Zita


***** DANISH *****

(Berlitz phrase book)

Anna Bernhard Cecilia David Erik Frederik Georg Hans Ida
Johan Karen Ludvig Marie Nikolaj Odin Peter Quintus Rasmus
Soeren Theodor Ulla Viggo William Xerxes Yrsa Zacharias
ae: Aegir  o-slash: Oeresund  a-circle: Aase

[Copenhagen telephone directory: Cecilie Nikolai]


Contributor: "Per K. Nielsen" <pnielsen@image.dk>

The Danish military use the following additions to the NATO
alphabet:

Aegir  Oedis  Aase

but air traffic uses Oeresund.


***** NORWEGIAN *****

[style: A for Anna]

Contributors: seem@oslonett.no (Terje Trane)
              Gwillim Law <gwil@mindspring.com>
              Jan Egil Kristiansen <janegil@landsbank.fo>

(almost identical in telephone directories and
 Berlitz phrase book)

Anna Bernhard Caesar David Edith Fredrik Gustav Harald Ivar
Johan Karin Ludvig Martin Nils Olivia Petter Quintus Rikard
Sigrid Teodor Ulrik enkelt-V dobbelt-V Xerxes Yngling
Zakarias

ae: Aerlig/Aerleg  o-slash: Oern/Oesten  a-circle: Aase

[Dictionaries: similar but sometimes Sigurd]
[Aerlig is Bokmaal, Aerleg is Nynorsk]


***** SWEDISH *****

Contributors: simon@tardell.se (Simon Tardell)
              Jonas Wallgren <jwc@ida.liu.se>
              m8509@sparc2.abc.se (Thomas Green)

[also used officially in Finland]

Adam, Bertil, Cesar, David, Erik, Filip, Gustav, Helge,
Ivar, Johan, Kalle, Ludvig, Martin, Niklas, Olof, Petter,
Quintus, Rudolf, Sigurd, Tore, Urban, Viktor, Wilhelm,
Xerxes, Yngve, Za"ta, A~ke, A"rlig, O"sten

where A~ is A with circle

[above also in Routledge grammar book]
[Berlitz phrase book: Qvintus]
[telephone directory: Qvintus Willhelm]

Sometimes used: Fredrik, Olle, Rikard

Stockholm police use Kryss (meaning cross) for X.


Digits:

Nolla Ett Tva~a Trea Fyra Femma Sexa Sju A~tta Nia


(early 20th century)

Aron Bertil Cesar David Emanuel Frans Gustaf Harald Ivar
Johan Kalle Lars Martin Niklas Olof Petter Qvintus Rudolf
Sigurd Teodor Urban Viktor Wilhelm Xenofon Yngve Zakarias
A~ke A"rlig O"rn


Old phonetics for digits 1-9, 0:

Anna Beda Cecilia Dora Ebba Fina Greta Hedda Ida Julia


***** FINNISH *****

Contributors: Jukka Rahkonen <jrahkone@viikki.helsinki.fi>
              Kaita Seikku <spk@proffa.cc.tut.fi>

Aarne Bertta Celsius Daavid Eemeli Faarao Gideon Heikki
Iivari Jussi Kalle Lauri Matti Niilo Otto Paavo Kuu Risto
Sakari Tyyne Urho Vihtori Viski A"ksa" Yrjo" Tseta A~ke A"iti
O"ljy

where A~ is A with circle (Swedish)


(Berlitz phrase book)

Anna Bertta Cecilia Daavid Erkki Faarao Gabriel Heikki
Iivari Jaakko Kalle Lauri Mikko Niilo Otto Pekka Quintus
Risto Sakari Tauno Urho Va"ino" kaksin/kertainen_v Xeres
Yrjo" Zeppelin ruotsalainen_o a"iti o"ljy


Morse code:

    .-.-      a-umlaut
    .- -.-    a-circle
    - - -.    o-umlaut


***** CZECH *****

Contributor: Vitezslav Vecera <OK2INW@seznam.cz>

(alphabet of Ministry of Transport and Communication)

Adam Boz~ena Cyril C~enek David D~a'blice Emil Frantis~ek
Gustav Helena Chrudim Ivan Josef Karel Ludvi'k Marie
Norbert/Neruda N~ina Oto Petr Quido Rudolf R~ehor~ Svatopluk
S~imon Toma's~ Te~s~nov Urban Va'clav dvojite'-V Xaver
Ypsilon Zuzana Z~ofie


(Berlitz phrase book)

Adam Boz~ena Cyril David D'umbier Emil Frantis~ek Gustav
Helena Ivan Josef Karel Ludvi'k L'ubochn~a Marie Norbert Oto
Petr Quido Rudolf R~ehor~ Svatopluk S~imon Toma's~ T'epla'
Urban Va'clav dvojite'_ve' Xaver ypsilon Zuzana Z~ofie


Morse code mnemonics (syllable with long vowel represents
dash)

Ak_a't, Bly'_ska_vi_ce, Ci'_lo_vni'_ci, Da'_la_va, Erb,
Fi_li_pi'_ny, Gro'_nska' zem, Hra_cho_vi_na,
Chle'b na'm da'_va', I_bis, Jas_mi'n bi'_ly', Kra'_ko_ra',
Lu_pi'_ne_c~ek, Ma'_va', Na'_stup, O' na's~ pa'n,
Pa_pi'r_ni'_ci, Kvi'_li' or_ka'n, Ra_ra'_s~ek, So_bo_ta,
To'n, Ul_ic~_ni'k, Vy_u_c~e_ny', Wa_go'n kla'd,
Xe'_no_kra_te's, Y'_gar ma'_va', Zna'_ma' z~e_na

Sometimes used:

Led_ni' ho_kej, Na'_rod, Se_ky_ra, U_c~e_ny',
Vy_no_bra_ni', Y' se stra'_ci'


***** SLOVAK *****

Contributor: Martin Votruba <votruba+@pitt.edu>

(telephone directory)

Adam, Boz~ena, Cyril, C~adca, Da'vid, D~umbier, Emil,
Frantis~ek, Gusta'v, Helena, CHrudim, Ivan, Karol, Ludvi'k,
L~ubochn~a, Ma'ria, Norbert, N~ - Nitra, Oto, Peter, Quido,
Rudolf, Sva"topluk, S~imon, Toma's~, T~ - Tepla', Urban,
Va'clav, W - dvojite' ve', Xaver, Ypsilon, Zuzana, Z~ofia


***** POLISH *****

[style: A jak Adam]

Contributor: Michal Jankowski <michalj@fuw.edu.pl>

(Warsaw telephone directory)

Adam Barbara Celina Danuta Ewa Franciszek Genowefa Henryk
Irena Jadwiga Karol Leon L/ukasz Maria Natalia Olga Pawel/
Roman Stanisl/aw Tadeusz Urszula Wl/adysl/aw Xantypa Ygrek
Zygmunt

[Collins dictionary: Cecylia/Celina Dorota Quebec S'wiatowid
 Violetta Wacl/aw Ypsylon]


Contributor: Gyo:ngyo:si Jo'zsef <gyongyosi@bpsof.enet.dec.com>

(used in amateur radio)

Adam, Bozena, Celina, Dawid, Ewa, Franek, Grazyna, Henryk,
Irena, Janusz, Kilo, Ludwik, Maria, Natalia, Olga, Pawel/,
Quido, Roman, Stefan, Tomasz, Urban, Violeta, Wanda, Xawer,
Y-grek, Zygmunt


(Berlitz phrase book)

Adam Barbara Celina Dorota Ewa Franciszek Grazyna Henryk
Iwona Jan Karol Leon L/ukasz Maria Natalia Olga Piotr Quiz
Roman Stanisl/aw Tadeusz Urszula Violeta Wacl/aw Xymena
Ypsylon Zenon


Morse code mnemonics (syllable with 'o' means dash)

a-zot /.-.-/ bo-ta-ni-ka co-raz-moc-niej /-.-../ do-li-na
el/k /..-../ fi-lan-tro-pia go-spo-da ha-la-bar-da /----/
i-gl/a jed-no-kon-no ko-la-no le-o-ni-das /.-..-/ mo-tor
no-ga /--.--/ o-pocz-no /---./ pe-lo-po-nez /--.-/ re-tor-ta
sa-ha-ra /...-.../ tom ur-sy-no'w /...-/ wi-no-rosl /-..-/
/-.--/ zl/o-to-li-te /--..-/--..-./


Contributor: "Tomasz Major" <toma@collabworx.com>

Morse code mnemonics (syllable with 'o' means dash)

Azot Botanika Co-mi-zrobisz Dolina Elk Filantropia Gospoda
Halabarda Igla Jednokonno Kolano Leonidas Motor Noga Opoczno
Peloponez /--.-/ Retorta Sahara Ton Urbino /...-/ Winorosl
Xoxymilko York-hull-oxford Zlotolity


***** HUNGARIAN *****

(telephone directory)

Andra's Be'la Cecil Do'ra Eleme'r Ferenc Gizella Hajnalka
Istva'n Ja'nos Katalin Luca Ma'tya's Na'ndor Olga Piroska
Queen Ro'bert Sarolta Ti'mea Ubul Vilmos Walter Xe'nia
Ypsilon Zolta'n


Contributor: Gyo:ngyo:si Jo'zsef <gyongyosi@bpsof.enet.dec.com>

(used in amateur radio)

Antal, Be'la, Cecil (Ce'za'r), De'nes, Eleme'r, Ferenc,
Ge'za, Hele'n, Ibolya (Imre), Ja'nos, Ka'roly, La'szlo',
Ma'ria, Nelli, Olga, Pe'ter, Kvelle, Ro'bert, Sa'ndor,
Tama's, Ubul, Viktor (Vilmos), dupla-ve' (dupla-Vilmos,
"viszki"), "x-es", "ipszilon" (jenki), Zolta'n


(Berlitz phrase book)

Alada'r A'gota Bala'zs Ceci'lia De'nes Erzse'bet E'va Ferenc
Ga'bor Hele'n Ilona Jo'zsef Ka'roly La'szlo' Mo'nika Na'ndor
Olga O:do:n Pe'ter Ku' Ro'bert Sa'ndor Tivadar Ubul U:ro:m
Vilma duplave' iksz ipszilon Zora'n


Contributor: Daniel Kiss <niel@fw.hu>

Alada'r A'da'm Be'la Cecil Cs De'nes Dz Dzs Eleme'r E'va
Ferenc Ge'za Gy Hugo' Ilona I' Ja'nos Ka'roly La'szlo' Ly
Ma'rton No'ra Ny Olga O' O: O" Pe'ter Q Ro'bert Sa'ndor Sz
Tama's Ty Ubul U' U: U" Viktor W X Y Zolta'n Zs


***** CROATIAN *****

Contributor: Ivan.Drzanic@gbcon.g-box.fido.hr (Ivan Drzanic)

Adria, Biokovo, Cavtat, Dubrovnik, Europa, Frankopan,
Gospic', Hrvatska, Istra, Jadran, Karlovac, Lika, Mostar,
Novska, Osijek, Pula, Q, Rijeka, Split, Trogir, Uc~ka,
Vukovar, W, X, Y, Zagreb


***** SERBO-CROAT *****

(Berlitz phrase book)

Avala Beograd Cetinje C~ac~ak C'uprija Dubrovnik Djakovo
Dz~amija Evropa Foc~a Gorica Hercegovina Istra Jadran Kosovo
Lika Ljubljana Mostar Nis~ Njegos~ Osijek Pirot Rijeka
Skopje S~ibenik Titograd Uros~evac Valjevo Zagreb Z~irovnica
Kvadrat Duplo_V Ipsilon Iks


***** SLOVENIAN *****

Contributor: Primoz Peterlin <peterlin@biofiz.mf.uni-lj.si>

Ankaran Bled Celje C~rnomelj Drava Evropa Fala Gorica
Hrastnik Izola Jadran Kamnik Ljubljana Maribor Nanos Ormoz~
Piran Ku Ravne Soc~a S~marje Triglav Unec Velenje Dvojni-V
Iks Ipsilon Zalog Z~alec


***** GREEK *****

(AA phrase book)

Ale'xandros Vasi'lios Geo'rgios Deme'trios Ele'ne Zoe'
Erakle's Theo'doros Ioa'nnes Konstanti'nos Leoni'das
Mene'laos Niko'laos Xenofo'n Odusse'as Perikle's Ro'dos
Sote'rios Timole'on Upsela'ntes Fo'tios Chre'stos Psa'ltes
Ome'ga


***** ROMANIAN *****

(Berlitz phrase book)

Ana Barbu Constantin Dumitru Elena Florea Gheorghe
Haralambie Ion Jiu kilogram Laza~r Maria Nicolae Olga Petre
qu Radu Sandoo Tudor T,ara~ Udrea Vasile dublu_V Xenia
I_grec zaha~r


***** TURKISH *****

Contributor: Gorkem Cetin <e077245@narwhal.cc.metu.edu.tr>

ankara bursa ceyhan CankIrI denizli edirne fatsa giresun
hopa Isparta izmir jale kayseri lUleburgaz manisa nazilli
ordu OdemiS pazar rize samsun SarkOy trabzon urfa Unye van
yalova zonguldak


(Berlitz phrase book)

adana balIkesir ceyhan Corum diyarbakIr edirne fatsa giresun
hatay Irmak istanbul jandarma kastamonu lUleburgaz manisa
nazilli ordu OdemiS pazar quebek rize samsun trabzon urla
Unye van dubel_v xavier yozgat zonguldak


Contributor: Fuat C. Baran <fuat@columbia.edu>

(1982 diary)   "standard" for telephone

ankara bursa ceyhan Canakkale denizli edirne fatih giresun
hakkAri Ilgaz izmir japonya kayseri lUleburgaz malatya
nevSehir ordu OdemiS polatlI rize sivas Sile trabzon uSak
Unye van yozgat zonguldak


(AA phrase book)

adana bursa cide Canakkale denizli edirne fethiye giresun
hatay Isparta izmir lUleburgaz malatya nevSehir ordu Oren
pamukkale rize sinop Sirvan tokat urfa UskUp van yozgat
zonguldak


Contributor: kadifeli@cmpe.boun.edu.tr

adana bursa ceyhan Canakkale denizli edirne fatih giresun
yumuSak_ge hatay Isparta izmir jale kayseri lUleburgaz
malatya nevSehir ordu OdemiS polatlI rize samsun Sile
trabzon urfa Unye van yozgat zonguldak


***** HEBREW *****

(Berlitz phrase book)
(phonetics for Roman alphabet)

Affula Binyamina Carmel Dalia Eretz France Gedera Haifa
Israel Jaffa Karkur Lod Moledet Naan Ogen Pardes Queen
Rishon Sefer Tveria Urim Vered Wingate Express Yavniel
Zikhron

[used by telephone operators in Israel]

Later edition:

afula binyamina karmel dalya eretz frans gedera h.eyfa
yisrael jafa karkur lod moledet naan ogen pardes kvin rishon
sefer tverya urim vered vingeyt ekspres yavniel zikhron


Contributor: Alon Tal <mtl@netvision.net.il>

Aleph Boaz Gimel David Hagar Vav Ze'ev Hava Tiach Yona
Carmel Lea Moshe Nesher Samekh A'in Pesel Tsipor Korakh Ruth
Shamir Telem


Contributor: kiezer@aquanet.co.il

Osnat Bela Gila Dalia Hagar Vered Ziva Hava Tova Yona Carmel
Leytal Miri Nurit Smadar Einat Fani Tzila Korina Ruth Sarah
Tami


***** RUSSIAN *****

Contributor: tom@systemtechnik.tu-ilmenau.de (Thomas Planke)

Aleksej Boris Vasilij Grigorij Dmitrij Elena Zhenja Zoya
Ivan Ivan_Kratkij Kilowatt Leonid Maria Nikolai Olga Pavel
Roman Sergej Tatjana Uljana Fjodor Hariton Zaplja Chelovek
Shura Schuka Tviordiy_Znak Igrek Miagkiy_Znak Emilija Yuri
Jakow


Contributor: "Oleg.A.Chernozyomov" <victoria@rada1.saratov.su>

(used in amateur radio)

Anna Boris Vasiliy Galina Dmitriy Yelena Yozh Zhuk Zinaida
Ivan Ivan_Kratkiy Konstantin Leonid Maria Nikolay Olga Pavel
Roman Sergey Tamara Ul'yana Fyodor Hariton Tsentr Chelovek
Shura Shchyuka Tvyordy_Znak Yery Myagkiy_Znak Ekho Yuliana
Yakov

Variants: Anton Grigoriy Yolka Zhenya Zoya Irina/Igor Yot
Kilowatt Lyubov Mikhail Nadezhda/Nina Oleg Polina Radio
Semyon Tatyana Tsaplya Znak/Iks Igrek Znak/Iks

Used informally: Borya Vasya Grisha Galya Dima Zina Kostya
Kolya Lyonya Lyuba Misha Masha Nadya Pasha Roma Sasha Tanya
Fedya Yulya Yasha

Morse code is as follows:

A  B  W  G  D  E  E  V  Z  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T
U  F  H  C  /- - -./- - - -/  Q  X  Y  X  /..-../..- -/.-.-

and the same mapping provides a system of phonetics for
Roman letters (used in parallel with Alpha Bravo). [The
mapping is similar to KOI-7 but not identical]


(AA phrase book)

Anna Boris Viktor Grigoriy Dmitriy Elena Yolka Zhenya Zoya
Irina Yod Konstantin Liza Mariya Natasha Ol'ga Pyotr Ruslan
Semyon Tat'yana Ukraina Fyodor Khar'kov Tsaritsa Chekhov
Shura Shchuka Erik Yuriy Yana


***** UKRAINIAN *****

Contributor: Valery Kharchenko RA6YR

(used in amateur radio)

Andriy Bogdan Vasil'(W) Grigory Dmitro Yenei(E) Zhuk(V)
Zenoviy(Z) Igrek(Y) Ivan(I) Izhak(I) Yosip(J) Kilovat Levko
Mariya Natalka Olga Pavlo Roman Stepan Taras Ukraina Fedir
Khristina(H) Tsentr(C) Cholovik Shura Shchuka(Q) Znak(X)
Yuri Yakiv

[also used for Roman alphabet, as the above tries to
 indicate]


Contributor: "Vsevolod Onyshkevych" <vsevolod@ezsize.com>

Morse code mnemonics (syllable with 'o' means dash)

Azot/Atom Bondarivna Vitrohon Harakiri Gogozy Dolyna Erg
Yednist_to_Syla Zhabye_Selo Zolotukha (Y -.--) Ivan/Iskra
Idzh,_Khto_Holoden Jdy_Kholodkom Kolino Lisoruby Moroz Noha
Okolot Prymorozky Rybon'ka Sahara Ton Upadok Filyantropy
Kholodochok Tsotsya_Dortsya Chornohora Sholovylo
Shcho_Roku_Moroz Yuriy_Korol' (-..-) Yaroshenko


***** SWAHILI *****

(Berlitz phrase book)

Aali Bibi Cyprus Daniel Elfu Fiwi Gombe Henry Ida Jinja
Kenya Leso Mtu Nairobi Olga Paul Quebec Robert Sana Tanga
Unga Victor William Xavier Yatima Zanzibar

Later edition:

Ali Banda Chakechake Dodoma Entebe Fumba Gogo Homa Imba
Jambo Kenya Lala Mama Nakuru Ona Punda Kyela Rangi Simu Tatu
Uganda Vitu Wali Eksrei Yai Zanzibar


***** KWANYAMA *****

[South-western Bantu; northern Namibia]

Contributor: jouni@ling.gu.se (Jouni F Maho)

(school book)

Anna Beata Cesilia David Eva Feni Gerson Hosea Immanuel
Johanna Kayosho Lamek Maria Nande Otto Pauli Quini Rauha
Simon Tuuli Ulania Vilho Wilkka Xokulu Yoleni Zola


***** NDONGA *****

[South-western Bantu; northern Namibia]

Contributor: jouni@ling.gu.se (Jouni F Maho)

(school book)

Anna Beata Cesilia David Eva Feni Gerson Hosea Immanuel
Johanna Kayoso Lamek Maria Nande Otto Pauli Quini Rauha
Simon Tuuliki Ulania Vilho Wilika Xerxes Yoleni Zola


***** AFRIKAANS *****

Contributor: Gwillim Law <gwil@mindspring.com>

(Johannesburg telephone directory 1965)

Andries Boetie Christo Dawid Eva Fanie Gert Hendrik Isak Jan
Karel Lena Marie Nellie Oom Pieter Queenie Roos Sannie Tom
Unie Venter Willem X-straal Yster Zoeloe


***** CHINESE *****

The Chinese armed forces use the following in connection
with Romanised Mandarin:

Aiya Boli Ciqi Desheng Egu Fuzhuang Geming Heping I: Yifu
J.. Keren Leguan Mofan Nali Ouyang Polang Q.. Riguang
Sixiang Tebie U: Weida V: Wudao W: Wuzhuang X.. Yisheng
Zidian


***** ESPERANTO *****

Contributors: Edmund.Grimley-Evans@cl.cam.ac.uk
              David Lane <DLane@ContactPt.com>

(Yearbook of Universala Esperanto-Asocio 1995)

Asfalto Barbaro Centimetro \^Cefo Doktoro Elemento Fabriko
Gumo \^Girafo Hotelo \^Haoso Insekto Jubileo \^Jurnalo
Kilogramo Legendo Ma\^sino Naturo Oktobro Papero Rekordo
Salato \^Silingo Triumfo Universo Universo-hoko Vulkano
Zinko

[An earlier version had Omnibuso instead of Oktobro]

Non-Esperanto letters:

q = kuo
w = \^germana vo
x = ikso
y = ipsilono

Morse code (approved by UAE and FCC in 1963):

^c  -.-..     ^g  - -.-.    ^h  -.- -.
^j  .- - -.   ^s  ...-.     ~u  ..- -

***** END *****


Brian Kelk
Cambridge
U.K.
www.bckelk.uklinux.net

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Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:12 PM