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Poor Gabriel's Almanac -- August 20

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Interesting things that happened August 20th:

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Birthdays on this date:
  In 1778 Bernardo O'Higgins, won independence for Chile
  In 1833 Benjamin Harrison (in North Bend, OH), 23rd President (1889-1893)
  In 1860 Raymond Poincaré, French prime minister (1912), president
  In 1873 Eliel Saarinen, Finnish architect
  In 1881 Edgar A. Guest, poet
  In 1901 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet, critic, translator (Nobel 1959)
  In 1921 Jacqueline Susann, writer (Valley of the Dolls)
  In 1925 Lola Albright (in Ohio)
  In 1933 George Mitchell, Maine Senator (D)
  In 1938 Jean-Loup Chrétien, first French traveler in space (on Soyuz T-6)
  In 1940 Sam Melville, actor
  In 1942 Isaac Hayes, composer, musician
  In 1944 Rajiv Gandhi, PM of India (1984-1991)
  In 1946 Connie Chung, TV newscaster (NBC)
  In 1951 Guy Lafleur, NHL star
  In 1955 Peter Horton

Events worth noting:
        + Feast of St. Bernard, abbot, doctor
        + Kappa Cygnid meteor shower, radiant in Cygnus
  In 1866 President Andrew Johnson formally declared the Civil War over.
  In 1882 The "1812" Overture is first performed on the occasion of the
          dedication of the Cathedral of the Redeemer in Moscow.
  In 1914 German forces occupied Brussels, Belgium, during World War I.
  In 1918 Britain opened its offensive on the Western front during WW I.
  In 1920 US's first commercial radio, 8MK (later WWJ), Detroit began daily
  In 1930 Dumont's first TV Broadcast for home reception, NY city.
  In 1940 British PM Churchill said of the Royal Air Force, `Never in the
          field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.',
          refering to the Battle of Britain.
        + Leon Trotsky attacked in Mexico City by Ramon Mercader, Stalin's
          hatchet man.
  In 1942 Dimout regulations implemented in San Francisco.
  In 1953 Russia publicly acknowledges a test detonation of a hydrogen bomb.
  In 1955 First airplane to exceed 1800 mph - HA Hanes, Palmdale Ca.
        + Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.
  In 1956 Republicans start convention at the Cow Palace, San Francisco.
  In 1960 Senegal gains independence from France.
  In 1964 LBJ signs an anti-poverty measure totaling nearly $1 billion.
  In 1968 Russia and Warsaw Pact nations invade Czechoslovakia, crushing the
          "Prague Spring" liberalization drive of Alexander Dubcek.  A small
          force of about 650,000 Soviet-block troops was used.
  In 1975 Viking 1 launched toward orbit around Mars, soft landing.
  In 1977 Voyager 2 launched for fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.
          It carries a record containing greetings.
  In 1980 The UN Security Council voted 14-0, with the US abstaining, to
          condemn Israel's declaration that all of Jersualem was its capital.
  In 1986 A mail carrier in Edmond, Okla., shot 14 fellow workers dead.

And remember ...
  National Inventors Month

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Although efforts have been taken to ensure the accuracy of this information,
several errors have been found in the past.  Don't place any bets on the basis
of what you find here.  -- Gabe

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Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:12 PM