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FAQ Multics Chronology


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archive-name: multics/chronology
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1959 John McCarthy proposes time-sharing in memo to Philip M. Morse,
  director of the MIT Computation Center.
1961 Burroughs B5000 (Algol, dual CPUs, segmentation)
11/61 MIT Computation Center running IBM 709. 4-user tape CTSS
  demonstrated.
05/62 Paper on CTSS presented at Spring Joint Computer Conference.
08/62 First Paper on Internet Concept by J. C. R. Licklider & Welden
  Clark, "On-Line Man Computer Communication".
09/62  BBN timesharing system operational on  Digital Equipment PDP-1
11/62 MIT Computation Center running IBM 7090. CTSS runs on new hardware.
11/62 Project MAC suggested by J. C. R. Licklider.
12/62 Ferranti Atlas (paging) (12/7/62)
1963 Timesharing running at SDC on spare AN/FSQ-32 (funded by ARPA)
01/63 Project MAC proposal submitted to ARPA.
03/63 Project MAC authorized & funded by ARPA IPTO.($3 million contract)
05/63 Initial JOSS service on JOHNNIAC at RAND.
07/63 Project MAC summer study, using CTSS on Computation Center IBM
  7090, attended by many computer scientists.
09/63 Project to establish a  time-sharing system at Dartmouth begun by
  John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz.
10/63 Project MAC IBM 7090 (red machine) installed, later upgraded to
  7094 II.
04/64 IBM announces System/360 (4/7/64)
05/64 DTSS brought up at Dartmouth on a GE-225/DATANET-30. (05/01/64,
  4AM)
06/64 Corby's group moved to Tech Square
08/64 General Electric selected as supplier for MAC research machine,
  contract signed.
11/64 Bell Labs joins Multics project with MIT and GE
08/65 GE 635 delivered to Project MAC, 6.36 simulator running
IBM announces TSS/360
11/65 Special Multics session at Fall Joint Computer Confence, 6 papers
  presented.
06/66 Flag Day (06/14/66)
01/67 GE 645 delivered to Project MAC
03/67 GE 635 removed from Project MAC
milestone phase .5 (file system on 645 simulator)
05/67  MTS in service at Michigan
09/67 Digital Equipment PDP-10 announced
TENEX begun at BBN
12/67 milestone phase 1 (single process boot on 645)
03/68 milestone A3 - 3 processes
04/68 IBM decommits TSS/360
05/68 IBM releases CP/67 version 1 to 8 sites
07/68 First Multics picnic
08/68 RADC GE-645 installed
10/68 Demonstrable Initial Multics milestone (8 users)
12/68 console sessions in 545 Tech Sq
moved MAC 7094 to MIT IPC, building 39
01/69 Limited Initial Multics milestone (12 users)
01/69 Integrated mini-GIM & TTY DIM into system
04/69 Bell Labs drops out of Multics development
Unix begun on PDP-7 at Bell Labs
IBM un-decommits TSS/360
05/69 file system 2.0
06/69 milestone 3.0.10
07/69 Experimental MIT use of Multics (Cambridge Project)
10/69 MSS 4.0 - Multics public at MIT
new PL1 compiler, new traffic control
First ARPANet connection UCLA-SRI (10/29/69)
12/69 MSS 5.0 - DSU270's (10 MB disk)
03/70 MSS 6.0 - Revised command loop
MSS 7.0 - page control rewrite
DEC announces PDP-11 (3/28/70)
05/70 First Multics talk at GESHUA XI in Seattle (THVV)
Honeywell buys GE computer division: the "merger"
06/70 MSS 8.0 - pre-paging and post-purging
TENEX on the air (6/15/70)
08/70 MSS 9.0 - new Directory Control, User Control
Multics installed on RADC machine
10/70 MSS 10.0 - new ttydim
11/70 MSS 11.0 - new init
12/70 MSS 12.0 - Support for DSU170's
MSS 13.0 - Associative Memory fix
Unix ported to PDP-11 at Bell Labs
1971 Software Factory on BCO 645 installed
01/71 MSS 14.0 - Moved processes from ring 32 to ring 4
01/71 Multics Symposium at MIT Jan 21-22
04/71 MSS 15.0 - retrofit.
DTSS simulator using Dartmouth BASIC
05/71 IBM decommits TSS/360 again
09/71 MIT 645 Multics providing service on ARPANet (host #6) via
  GIMPSPIF.(RFC 0252)
1972 Paris 645 installed at Bull on Av. Gambetta
11/72 MIT 6180 delivered
System M "6090" installed.
12/72 MSS 18.0. - ACL redo: CACLs eliminated
01/73 Multics and H6180 announcement at Boston Museum of Science
  (01/17/73)
07/73 CTSS turned off at MIT IPC (07/20/73)
11/73 AFDSC installed
12/73 MIT 6180 Multics connected to ARPANet (host #44) by ABSI.
12/73 Thompson and Ritchie present Unix paper at ACM SOSP
1974 CISL development machine installed
01/74 MSS 22.0
Ford installed
05/74 GM Corporate (GMISCA) installed
06/74 MR 1.0: EIS, BASIC, GCOS Simulator, DSS191
1975 RADC, BCO, System M upgraded to 6180s
01/75 MR 2.0: CPU cache, NPS, 1600bpi tape, TN1200
03/75 MR 2.1: iox_, probe, debug, On-line T&D
06/75 MR 2.2: Secure Mail
09/75 MR 3.0: MCS, Scheduler, RCP, COBOL-74, SORT
1975 Ford deinstalled
07/75 University of Southwestern Louisiana (USL) installed
1976 DCC, USGS Reston installed
02/76 MSS 28.0: New storage system
03/76 MR 3.1: AIM, DTSS Simulator, HEALS, 4 FNPs
07/76 MR 4.0: New storage system, MRDS, MSU451
09/76 MR 4.0.1: Reconfiguration & Operator Interfaces
12/76 MR 5.0: 4MW SCUs
1977 Honeywell-MIT collaboration ends
USGS Menlo Park and Denver installed
Puerto Rican Highway Authority (PRHA) installed
Industrial Nucleonics installed
Apple Computer founded (01/03/77)
10/77 MR 6.0: tape, ESD, salvager, RJE, WORDPRO, 7 CPUs
1978 Ford installed again
INRIA/Rocquencourt installed
University of Grenoble installed
University of Calgary (UC) installed
03/78 MR 6.1
09/78 MR 6.5: Video Terminals, DN6670, IBM 3780
11/78 Palyn Report presented to Honeywell management
12/78 MR 6.5a
Oakland University (OU) installed
1979 INRA, Renault, Bell Canada installed
01/79 Unix setuid patent issued (01/16/79)
01/79 CNO installed (01/22/79)
03/79 MR 7.0: GTSS Sim, TP, MSU0500, Tape Archive, T&D
06/79 MR 7.0a: L6 Conc, 9 Track tape, Emacs, VIP7760
09/79 MR 7.0b: FIPS COBOL, WORDPRO
Bristol & Bath (Avon) installed
1980 Stratus formed, many Multicians leave CISL
NWGS Level 68 development system installed at US Naval War College.
Dir. Prevision, EPSHOM, INSEE, IRT installed
03/80 MR 8.0: VIP7801/7804, IBM 3270, Process Preservation, ORION
  support, Bulk Store removed.
03/80 NSA Site N (Flagship) installed 03/27/80.
12/80 MR 8.2: MSU0500/501, T&D, COBOL, PL/I, FORTRAN, BOS
1981 VW (USA) installed in Honeywell space
Arizona State University installed
INSEE/Paris, CERAM, CICB, Culture, CICT, INRIA/Sophia installed
08/81 IBM PC announced (8/14/81)
09/81 St Johns installed
10/81 MR 9.0: DPS 8/70M CPUs, 8 FNPs, Executive Mail
12/81 Shutdown of Virginia Polytechnic Institute
1982 DND Halifax installed (dual L68);
Bull Systeme X installed at Louveciennes (L68/DPS-8);
CIRIL, CNET, INRIA/Rennes, Mainz installed;
VW shut down, deal canceled by VW corporate
03/82 MR 9.1: T&D, HASP, Emacs, FORTRAN, Tape
06/82 STC installed
07/82 PMDC moved from Camelback
10/82 MR10.0: 4 IOMs, IOM Paged Mode, Dial-out, X.25, Forum
11/82 Cardiff (CJCC) installed.
1983 SNECMA, CICRP, INNPPP, Credit Lyonnais, SOZAWE, ONERA/CERT, SNECMA,
  ELF, LUT, Brunel installed
USGS Menlo Park shut down
01/83 CNO gets 8/70M
03/83 UBCC installed
04/83 CCVR installed
06/83 Canadian DND (DDDS) installed
09/83 CISL moves from Tech Square to Cambridge Center
10/83 MR 10.1: Printers 901/1201, X.25 LAPB, Subsystem Utilities
ACTC installed
1984 USGS Reston, Dir. Prevision, INSEE shut down
DOCKMASTER installed
01/84 MR 10.2: Satellite 6M, LINUS, FIPS FORTRAN
02/84 ACTC becomes additional development site (2/3/84)
06/84 Special for DND: IO reconfiguration
1985 Almost 100 sites (Gintell ACM speech)
ASU, STC, USGS Denver, INRA, Renault, ELF shut down
ONERA/Paris installed
DND-H upgraded to triple 8-70M
02/85 Flower canceled by Honeywell
06/85 Multics development capped by Honeywell
MR 11.0: 32k Cache, FAMIS, Exec Forum, PC Support; 2741, 1050, and ARDS
  support removed
08/85 B2 Orange Book rating awarded to MR11.0+ by NCSC (08/29/85)
10/85 Black armbands at HLSUA
Multics Company spin-off (based on Flower) proposed at HLSUA
Initial study for NOS (Opus) with MOD-400 group
11/85 Spin-off dismissed by Honeywell
12/85 McDonnell Douglas Transport Aircraft installed
1986 EPSHOM, IRT, CERAM, INRIA/Sophia, Mainz, SOZAWE, Credit Lyonnais
  shut down
SEP installed
01/86 Opus (NOS/VS3) IPR-0 review at Honeywell
05/86 CISL closed (5/22/86), Opus team to Honeywell Billerica
07/86 NWGS DPS 8/70(M) installed at US Naval War College. Level 68 moved
  to SDF, Moorestown NJ, and got SMS workstations.
12/86  MR 12.0: BOS eliminated, IMU, FIPS tape & disk, C compiler.
1987 Shutdown of SNECMA, CICT
Bull Systeme X moved to Rocquencourt
NWGS TTGL (Dam Neck VA) and TTGP (San Diego) sites installed.
System M moved to DVCP
11/87 Bull takes over Honeywell computer division
12/87 Shutdown of CNO (12/11/87)
1988 Shutdown of INRIA/Rennes, CICB, Culture, CIRIL, CNET, INNPPP, ONERA,
  Brunel
01/88 Shutdown of MIT Multics (MSS 38.3), eqpt to McDonnell (01/02/88)
04/88 Development transferred to ACTC (Calgary)
Opus canceled by Bull
05/88 Shutdown of AFDSC system T (05/31/88)
09/88 Shutdown of Brunel University
Shutdown of CICRP, Grenoble, Rennes
11/88  MR 12.2: lint and make; TCP/IP support and inter-system mail.
10/88 Shutdown of Bristol & Bath (Avon) (10/10/88)
09/89 Shutdown of St Johns (SJU) (09/14/89)
Shutdown of RADC (09/30/89)
Shutdown of UBCC
12/89  MR 12.3
1990 Oakland University shut down
Bell Canada Toronto, CCVR, SEP shut down
01/90 Shutdown of ENWGS-SDF
05/90 Shutdown of University of Southwestern Louisiana (USL)
12/90  MR 12.4
1991 Shutdown of ABB (formerly Industrial Nucleonics).
03/91 Shutdown of Cardiff Joint Computing Centre (CJCC) (03/15/91)
07/91 Shutdown of Loughborough University
Shutdown of ASEA Brown Boveri
1992 Shutdown of Bull Systeme X, BCO
02/92 Shutdown of AFDSC system D (02/28/92)
03/92 Shutdown of INRIA
Shutdown of AFDSC system M (03/31/92)
06/92 Shutdown of last AFDSC machine, system Z (06/30/92)
09/92 Shutdown of Site N (Flagship).
1993 Shutdown of Bell Canada Montreal.
04/93 alt.os.multics started by Magnus Olsson
06/93 Shutdown of U of Calgary (06/16/93)
09/93 Shutdown of DDDS/ORAE (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) (09/03/93)
11/93 Shutdown of Honeywell System M (Phoenix) (11/28/93)
1994 Multicians website begun by THVV with much help and advice from BSG.
12/95 Shutdown of McDonnell Douglas (12/22/95)
04/96 Shutdown of last NWGS system, at US Naval War College.
04/97 Shutdown of Ford (04/25/97)
03/98 Shutdown of DOCKMASTER (03/31/98) Hardware to the Computer Museum
  History Center.
10/98 Shutdown of GM (10/20/98)
1999 PRHA no longer used?
07/00 Shutdown of CGI (was Perigon (was ACTC)) (07/07/00)
10/00 Shutdown of DND-H (17:08Z 10/30/00)
0 Oakland University shut down
Bell Canada Toronto, CCVR, SEP shut down
01/90 Shutdown of ENWGS-SDF
05/90 Shutdown of University of Southwestern Louisiana (USL)
12/90  MR 12.4
1991 Shutdown of ABB (formerly Industrial Nucleonics).
03/91 Shutdown of Cardiff Joint Computing Centre (CJCC) (03/15/91)
07/91 Shutdown of Loughborough University
Shutdown of ASEA Brown Boveri
1992 Shutdown of Bull Systeme X, BCO
02/92 Shutdown of AFDSC system D (02/28/92)
03/92 Shutdown of INRIA
Shutdown of AFDSC system M (03/31/92)
06/92 Shutdown of last AFDSC machine, system Z (06/30/92)
09/92 Shutdown of Site N (Flagship).
1993 Shutdown of Bell Canada Montreal.
04/93 alt.os.multics started by Magnus Olsson
06/93 Shutdown of U of Calgary (06/16/93)
09/93 Shutdown of DDDS/ORAE (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) (09/03/93)
11/93 Shutdown of Honeywell System M (Phoenix) (11/28/93)
1994 Multicians website begun by THVV with much help and advice from BSG.
12/95 Shutdown of McDonnell Douglas (12/22/95)
04/96 Shutdown of last NWGS system, at US Naval War College.
04/97 Shutdown of Ford (04/25/97)
03/98 Shutdown of DOCKMASTER (03/31/98) Hardware to the Computer Museum
  History Center.
10/98 Shutdown of GM (10/20/98)
1999 PRHA no longer used?
07/00 Shutdown of CGI (was Perigon (was ACTC)) (07/07/00)
10/00 Shutdown of DND-H (17:08Z 10/30/00)
f DND-H (17:08Z 10/30/00)
n of DND-H (17:08Z 10/30/00)
GM (10/20/98)
1999 PRHA no longer used?
07/00 Shutdown of CGI (was Perigon (was ACTC)) (07/07/00)
10/00 Shutdown of DND-H (17:08Z 10/30/00)

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