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Biznet The Biznet is the collection of official biz.* newsgroups, as listed in Ed Hew's FAQ about the Biznet, posted to news.answers. The biz.marketplace groups are a part of this collection. CD-ROM Compact Disc Read Only Memory This digital storage method uses the same plastic discs as audio CDs, but instead of music, the discs can contain up to 640 megabytes of data and/or software. Most CD-ROM drives have headphone jacks for playing audio CDs. Chain Letter A pyramid scheme in which you send money to a person at the top of a list, add your name to the bottom, then send that list to acquaintances and convince them to do likewise. Chain letters, even those which purport to 'sell' mailing lists, are prohibited at over 90% of Internet sites, and if propagated by e-mail or news will likely cause you to lose your account. COD Collect On Delivery In COD transactions, the deliveryperson collects money from the recipient as the package is delivered. DOA Dead On Arrival An item was broken when received. Often used to express warranties with electronics; "Warranted against DOA" See also WOA (Working on Arrival) EIDE Enhanced IDE EIDE is the successor to the IDE hard drive interface, allowing for CD-ROM drives and hard drives larger than 512MB. ESDI Enhanced Small Device Interface ESDI is a high-performance hard drive interface for PCs that was popular a few years ago, but is quickly disappearing. FAQ Frequently Asked Question An FAQ is an article on a newsgroup which answers many questions often asked by new readers in that newsgroup. FAQ also refers to each of the questions individually. Flames These articles or e-mail messages ridicule another or another's ideas, often in a stinging, blunt manner. Flames are a tradition on the Internet, and something to expect if you make a netiquette blunder. Do not take them literally, but look for the suggestions presented. The tone is generally very negative, but the point is usually clear. FD Floppy Drive This computer storage device which reads 3.5", 5.25" or 8" floppy disks. FS For Sale Something is being offered in exchange for money. HD Hard Drive Hard disk drives act as permanent storage devices for computers, and commonly come in sizes from 10 megabytes for older computers to 10 or more gigabytes for some business and research uses. Note that physical capacity and usable capacity may be different for a given drive. IDE Integrated Drive Electronics The standard hard drive interface for PCs sold today, IDE incorporates most of the electronics on the hard drive package, rather than on any interface cards. IMHO In My Humble Opinion An American expression followed by an opinion about a current issue. Internet The Internet acts as the carrier of billions of electronic messages, articles, and pieces of digital information annually. This decentralized, worldwide computer network was initially developed in the U.S. by the military for its operations and by the National Science Foundation to promote communication in federal and scholastic research. MB Motherboard The motherboard is the backbone of most computers, containing the CPU, memory, and other support. xxxMB Megabytes The megabyte, or 1 million bytes, is a unit of computer memory and storage consisting of 8 million 1's and 0's which have meaning to a computer. This abbreviation is often used to mention the storage capacity or online memory of a computer system, as in a 500MB hard drive or 4MB RAM. MCA Micro-Channel Architecture MCA is a motherboard communication interface used by IBM in some IBM PS/2 computers. It is technically superior to the standard ISA architecture for most uses, but it was poorly marketed, and is quickly disappearing. Meg Megabytes See megabytes. MFM Modified Frequency Modulation MFM is a physical method of storing data on a hard drive. This interface was the original IBM PC standard, but is not compatible with most systems manufactured more recently. MLM Multi-Level Marketing A legitimate means of merchandise or service distribution where members can actively engage in sales or in sales force recruitment. For every sale made by a salesperson you recruited or anyone under him, you receive a portion of the commissions. Because of improprieties in the past, the US Government tightly regulates the ways in which MLM operators can present their business. MO Drive Magneto-Optical Drive This hard storage device is similar to a rewritable CD-ROM. OBO Or Best Offer This means that the stated price is negotiable. OEM Original Equipment Manufacture OEM equipment or software is intended to be used to make original equipment rather than to be used for spare parts or as an after-market add-on. It is often used with both computer hardware and software to describe items intended to ship only with complete computer systems. Pyramid Scheme or Ponzi Scheme A money-making opportunity popularized by Ponzi and illegal in the United States in most forms. This scheme involves an individual convincing others to pay him for the right to solicit others for payment in turn. By recruiting more people than the number of people you pay for this right, you supposedly make money. In reality, the people at the bottom of the pyramid never get paid by anyone and lose. Such schemes are strictly forbidden at most Internet sites, and will cause you and your system administrator great grief if you try to propagate such a scheme by e-mail or over the newsgroups. Occasionally, merchandise sales are involved. (see MLM for a similar legitimate opportunity). RAM Random Access Memory RAM is the main operating memory for most computers. It is erased when the computer is turned off. RLL Run Length Limited This method of encoding data on hard drives is often used to describe the successor to MFM, although it uses very similar hardware. It exists only on old PC systems. SCSI Small Computer Standard Interface This is a modern device interface, faster than IDE, which supports hard drives, CD-ROM drives, floppy drives, and other media storage. Most of the electronics for this interface are contained on the interface card. SIMM Single In-line Memory Module This is a way of packaging RAM for easy installation. SIMMs come in 72 and 30 pin varieties for different computers, and have been the standard for most computers manufactured in the last several years. SIPP Single In-line Pinned Package SIPPs are a type of RAM which come in 30 pin varieties, but are rarer than SIMMs. SIPPs can be converted to SIMMs with the appropriate adapters. Spam Posting an advertisement or advertisements to a large number of inappropriate newsgroups, often including groups which don't allow ads. You'll hear from your system administrator if you try it. Usenet The collection of official newsgroups in the Big 7 hierarchies: misc, news, soc, rec, comp, sci, talk. These groups are propagated primarily, but not exclusively, over the Internet. Velveeta Posting several times to one newsgroup, particularly if it would have been reasonable to combine all of the content in fewer posts. Also, articles which are reposted too frequently. WOA Working On Arrival The item works when it is tried for the first time after delivery. A guarantee that an item will be WOA is typical in the Usenet Marketplace. If the item breaks later, the seller is not responsible. WORM Write Once Read Many This method of hard storage can only be written to once, but can be accessed often. The hardware to write to a WORM disk is much less expensive than hardware for CD-ROM. WTB Wanted To Buy This abbreviation is used when the poster is looking for a particular item. WWW World Wide Web Also know as W3, or just the "Web", the World Wide Web is a computer communications medium that allows transmission and easy-to-read formatting of text, graphics, sound, and video. ;-) The Universal Internet Smiley To appreciate it, look at this symbol with your head turned sideways. It is used to indicate a joke, sarcasm, or any instance where the writer doesn't mean what he is saying. Thank you for reading, and we hope you find these suggestions are useful. We encourage your comments, good and bad, to help us improve the effectiveness of this article. Please send comments to Dan King, email@example.com. -*-*-*-*-End transactions FAQ-*-*-*-*-