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Meteorology FAQ Part 4/7: Sources of CD-ROMs
Section - 3) Weather data

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Climate Change Data ($950, or 595 pounds sterling from UK source):
  Monthly 5-degree surface temperature anomaly grids 1854-1990, pressure grids 1873-1990.  Monthly world temperature data at about 3500 stations and precipitation data at about 6500 stations, for period of record (long).
Retrieval and mapping software included, available for various systems.
  Contact:  Dr. Phil Jones, Climatic Research Unit, University of East
Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ United Kingdom.  Distributed in North America by Chadwyck-Healey Inc.,1101 King St, Alexandria, VA 22314.  800/752-0515.

World Weather Disc ($295):
  Monthly temp, precip, pressure, sunshine data for about 2000 world stations for period of record.  Daily weather data at hundreds of US stations.  Data for some stations on temp, precip, freeze, drought, soil moisture, wind, storms.  Frequency and movement of tropical cyclones.
  Contact:  Cliff Mass, Dept. of Atmos. Sci. (AK40), University of Washington, Seattle, WA  98195.  206/685-0910.

National Climate Information Disc Volume 1 ($120):
  Monthly temperature, precipitation, Palmer Hydrological Drought Index for 344 climate divisions of US.  Data can be viewed in tabular or graphical format.
The disc covers the period 1895-1989 and contains 1032 time-series graphs, 4180 maps, and 5400 frames of video animation.
  Contact:  National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), Attn:  Climate Services Branch, 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville, NC 28801-5001.  704/271-4800, fax 704-271-4876, email  Add $5 service charge per order.

SAMSON (Solar and Meteorological Surface Observational Network) 
(3 disks, $120 each or $360 for the set):
  The three CD-ROMs are divided geographically into regions:  eastern, 
central, and western U.S., and contain hourly solar radiation data along with selected meteorological elements for the period 1961-1990.  It encompasses 237 NWS stations in the United States, and also includes Guam and Puerto Rico.  The dataset includes both observational and modelled data.  The hourly solar elements are:  Extraterrestrial horizontal and extraterrestrial direct normal radiation; global, diffuse, and direct normal radiation.  
  Meteorological elements are:  Total and opaque sky cover, temperature and dew point, relative humidity, pressure, wind direction and speed, visibility, ceiling height, present weather, precipitable water, aerosol optical depth, snow depth, days since last snowfall, and hourly precipitation. Joint NCDC and NREL product, available for DOS only.
 Contact:  National Climatic Data Center, see above.

CLIVUE CD-ROM  ($120):
  The National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) developed a CD-ROM in support of a museum exhibit which traveled across the U.S.  The CD contains a 1,500-station subset of NCDC's nearly 8,000 U.S. daily cooperative stations.  
The user selects a date and area of the U.S. and the CD-ROM database is 
queried for stations within the specified domain having data.  Then, the system displays daily maximum and minimum temperatures, precipitation, and snowfall for the site.  Graphs showing 7 years, 21 years, and the full period of record (varies by station) for the station(s) are available.  Visual displays allow users to view trends, variability, and extremes. 
  This is a joint NCDC and Franklin Institute product, available for DOS only.
  Contact:  National Climatic Data Center, see above.

International Station Meteorological Climate Summary (ISMCS) v. 3.0 ($120)
  This CD-ROM gives detailed climatological summaries for 2200 locations worldwide.  These locations include National Weather Service stations, domestic and overseas Navy and Air Force sites, and numerous foreign stations.
Limited summaries are also given for approximately 5000 additional worldwide sites. Tabular or statistical data can be exported to a printer or spreadsheet.
  Version 3.0 supports mouse capability and allows users to graph selected tables.  Joint NCDC, USAF and U.S. Navy product.  DOS only.
  Contact:  National Climatic Data Center, see above.

U.S. Navy Marine Climatic Atlas of the World Ver 1.1 ($120):
  This CD-ROM includes analysis and display software for climatological 
averages of atmospheric and oceanographic data.  The data are summarized with user-defined 1 and 5 degree grid areas covering the global marine environment.
The summaries are produced using predominately ship data collected between 1854-1969.  The major elements include air and sea temperature, dewpoint temperature, scalar wind speed, sea- level pressure, wave height, wind and ocean- current roses.  This CD also allows the user to define element intervals (e.g. 5 to 10 knots, 2 degree temperature intervals).  Contouring for explicitly user-defined regions and exporting data to a printer or diskette are supported. 
  Contact:  National Climatic Data Center, see above.

Global Historical Fields (GHF) Vers 1.0. ($120): 
  This version has no data for the Southern Hemisphere.  This CD-ROM allows users to view daily surface charts for the period 1899 through April 1994.
Daily upper air charts (700mb, 500mb, 300mb) are available from the late 1940's through April 1994.  Surface charts contour sea level pressure only (not station plots); upper air charts contour geopotential heights and temperatures.  Charts can be contoured, looped, and exported to a file or printer.  Joint NCDC and U.S. Navy product, DOS only.
  Contact:  National Climatic Data Center, see above.

U.S. Divisional and Station Climatic Data and Normals (USDS) v 1.0 ($120):
  This NCDC CD-ROM contains a collection of ASCII text data and documentation files that pertain to the U.S climate normals and by-products of the normals.  
Climatic variables include temperature, precipitation, degree days, and 
Palmer Drought Indices.  The current normals period of 1961-1990 is covered with monthly values calculated for approximately 6600 precipitation and 4700 temperature stations.  The earlier data/normals are provided for comparison and research applications.
  This CD-ROM contains no software or extraction routines that allow users to import the data directly into spreadsheets or other applications.  Format and description of the files match NCDC magnetic tape series TD-9640 and TD-9641.
  Contact:  National Climatic Data Center, see above.

NCDC Cooperative Station Data ($120 per volume, $1500 for complete set):
  21 volume CD-ROM set containing TD-3200 cooperative station data.  Major elements include daily high and low temperatures, daily rainfall, daily snowfall and snow depth, and evaporation.  General period of record is 1948-1993, but longer for selected stations.  There are approximately 8000 active stations in the dataset.  Historically, approximately 23,000 stations are included for various years.  States are grouped geographically into volume numbers.  The set contains inventories, station histories, and

 ASCII data files. Joint NCDC and ARL project.
  Contact:  National Climatic Data Center, see above.

Hourly Modeled Sounding Data.  ($480, sold as set only):
  This 12 volume CD-ROM set contains hourly 80 KM modeled gridpoint U.S. sounding data for 1990.  This data is the output from the Penn State University MM4 model which used available daily sounding data for 1990 as input.  Wind, temperature, dewpoint depression, and geopotential height data for 8 standard and 15 variable levels are included in the NWS TTAA, TTBB format.  Joint NCDC and ARL product. Requires 544K of RAM, DOS only.
  Contact:  National Climatic Data Center, see above.

Meteosat Images on CD-ROM, 1986 to 1991 (price on request):
  One full-disk infra-red image per day (usually at 12h00 UTC), one visible 
image on day 1 of each month (at the same time as the infra-red image), one 
water-vapour image on day 1 of each month of 1991 (at the same time as the
infra-red and visible image).  Images of the snow storm over the East coast 
of the USA on 12&13 March 1993 (from meteosat-3 at 75 degrees East).  Images 
of Kuwait during the Gulf war.  Full-disk Images taken by Meteosat-3 at 75 
degrees East at the beginning of March 1993.
  Contact:  J. Le Ber, Meteosat Data Service, European Space Agency, 
Robert Bosch Str. 5,  D6100 DARMSTADT GERMANY

High Resolution Climatology ($199/variable):  *COMMERCIAL*  (Floppy disk)
  Average monthly climatological values of maximum temperature, minimum
temperature,  and precipitation for every 1 square km of the conterminous US for the 30-year periods 1951-1980 and 1961-1990.  The data are stored as a rectangular matrix for each state.  Digitized state and county political boundaries are included and referenced to the climate data sets.  The data are in raster form as ASCII or 16-bit binary integers.  This dataset is distributed on 5.25" or 3.5" floppy disks. 
  Contact:  ZedX, Inc., P.O. Box 404, Boalsburg, PA  16827-0404.  

US Summary of Day (4 disks, prices vary):  *COMMERCIAL*
  NCDC Summary of Day data, USGS streamflow data, retrieval and analysis software.  
  Contact:  Hydrosphere, Inc., 1002 Walnut, Suite 200, Boulder, CO  80302 800/949-4937, 303/443-7839

Atlas of Global Instrumental Climate Data - Version 1.0 ($30):
  Color-shaded and contoured images of global gridded instrumental data, with each image simultaneously depicting anomaly maps of surface temperature, sea level pressure, and 500 millibar geopotential heights and percentages of reference period precipitation.  Monthly, seasonal, and annual composites are available, in either cylindrical equidistant, or northern and southern hemisphere polar projections.  Temperature maps are available from 1854 to 1991, precipitation maps from 1851 to 1989, sea level press

ure maps from 1899 to 1991, and 500 mb height maps from 1946 to 1991.  All images are GIF files (1024 x 822 pixels, 256 color). Shareware for viewing GIF images is also available on the CD-ROM.
  Contact: Frank Keimig, Department of Geology and Geography, Box 35820,
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003-5820. 413/545-0659,

Historical Soviet Daily Snow Depth CD-ROM ($50):
  Historical Soviet Daily Snow Depth is based on observations at a
series of 284 World Meteorological Organization (WMO) stations throughout the Former Soviet Union. The earliest operational stations began recording snow depth in 1881 and the data continues until 1985. Geographic distribution of stations is primarily in the mid latitudes of Eurasia and correspond to inhabited areas. Stations range from 35 to 75 degrees north latitude and from 20 to 180 degrees west longitude. Stations range in altitude from -15 meters to 2100 meters.
  Daily data, as well as NSIDC-generated monthly means, are available 
on a single CD-ROM containing ASCII data files, extraction software, and data documentation. The source of the data used is the State 
Hydrometeorological Service in Obninsk, Russia. Data were provided to NSIDC via the Bilateral US-USSR WG-8 Exchange.  Production of this CD-ROM was funded by the NOAA Earth Science Data and Information (ESDIM) Initiative through the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC).
  Contact: NSIDC User Services, National Snow and Ice Data Center, 
CIRES - Campus Box 449, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO  80309-0449.  
303/492-6199, FAX 303/492-2468, email:, Omnet: NSIDC.

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