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FAQ: Lisp Frequently Asked Questions 3/7 [Monthly posting]
Section - [3-7] DEFMACRO doesn't seem to work. When I compile my file, LISP warns me that my macros

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                are undefined functions, or complains 
                  "Attempt to call <function> which is defined as a macro."

When you evaluate a DEFMACRO form or proclaim a function INLINE, it
doesn't go back and update code that was compiled under the old
definition. When redefining a macro, be sure to recompile any
functions that use the macro. Also be sure that the macros used in a
file are defined before any forms in the same file that use them.

Certain forms, including LOAD, SET-MACRO-CHARACTER, and
REQUIRE, are not normally evaluated at compile time. Common Lisp
requires that macros defined in a file be used when compiling later
forms in the file. If a Lisp doesn't follow the standard, it may be
necessary to wrap an EVAL-WHEN form around the macro definition.

Most often the "macro was previously called as a function" problem
occurs when files were compiled/loaded in the wrong order. For
example, developers may add the definition to one file, but use it in
a file which is compiled/loaded before the definition. To work around
this problem, one can either fix the modularization of the system, or
manually recompile the files containing the forward references to macros.

Also, if your macro calls functions at macroexpand time, those functions
may need to be in an EVAL-WHEN. For example,

    (defun some-function (x)
      x)

    (defmacro some-macro (y)
      (let ((z (some-function y)))
        `(print ',z)))

If the macros are defined in a file you require, make sure your
require or load statement is in an appropriate EVAL-WHEN. Many people
avoid all this nonsense by making sure to load all their files before
compiling them, or use a system facility (or just a script file) that
loads each file before compiling the next file in the system.

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