Search the FAQ Archives

3 - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M
N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
faqs.org - Internet FAQ Archives

FAQ: Lisp Frequently Asked Questions 2/7 [Monthly posting]
Section - [2-19] How do I determine if a file is a directory or not? How do I get the current directory name from within a Lisp

( Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Part7 - Single Page )
[ Usenet FAQs | Web FAQs | Documents | RFC Index | Schools ]


Top Document: FAQ: Lisp Frequently Asked Questions 2/7 [Monthly posting]
Previous Document: [2-18] What reader macro characters are used in major Lisp systems?
Next Document: [2-20] What is a "Lisp Machine" (LISPM)?
See reader questions & answers on this topic! - Help others by sharing your knowledge
                program? Is there any way to create a directory?

There is no portable way in Common Lisp of determining whether a file
is a directory or not. Calling DIRECTORY on the pathname will not
always work, since the directory could be empty. For UNIX systems
   (defun DIRECTORY-P (pathname)
      (probe-file (concatenate 'string pathname "/.")))
seems to work fairly reliably. (If "foo" is a directory, then "foo/."
will be a valid filename; if not, it will return NIL.) This won't, of
course, work on the Macintosh, or on other operating systems (e.g.,
MVS, CMS, ITS). On the Macintosh, use DIRECTORYP.

Moreover, some operating systems may not support the concept of
directories, or even of a file system. For example, recent work on
object-oriented technology considers files to be collections of
objects. Each type of collection defines a set of methods for reading
and writing the objects "stored" in the collection. 


There's no standard function for finding the current directory from
within a Lisp program, since not all Lisp environments have the
concept of a current directory. Here are the commands from some Lisp
implementations:
   Lucid:               WORKING-DIRECTORY (which is also SETFable)
                        PWD and CD also work
   Allegro:             CURRENT-DIRECTORY (use excl:chdir to change it)
   CMU CL:              DEFAULT-DIRECTORY
   LispWorks:           LW:*CURRENT-WORKING-DIRECTORY* 
                        (use LW:CHANGE-DIRECTORY to change it)

Allegro also uses the variable *default-pathname-defaults* to resolve
relative pathnames, maintaining it as the current working directory.
So evaluating (truename "./") in Allegro (and on certain other
systems) will return a pathname for the current directory. Likewise,
in some VMS systems evaluating (truename "[]") will return a pathname
for the current directory.

There is no portable way of creating a new directory from within a
Lisp program. 

User Contributions:

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA




Top Document: FAQ: Lisp Frequently Asked Questions 2/7 [Monthly posting]
Previous Document: [2-18] What reader macro characters are used in major Lisp systems?
Next Document: [2-20] What is a "Lisp Machine" (LISPM)?

Part1 - Part2 - Part3 - Part4 - Part5 - Part6 - Part7 - Single Page

[ Usenet FAQs | Web FAQs | Documents | RFC Index ]

Send corrections/additions to the FAQ Maintainer:
ai+lisp-faq@cs.cmu.edu





Last Update March 27 2014 @ 02:11 PM